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Buenaventura Báez
Buenaventura Báez, in full Ramón Buenaventura Báez Méndez (July 14, 1812 – March 14, 1884) was the President of the Dominican Republic for five nonconsecutive

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Ramón Buenaventura Báez Méndez 3rd President of the Dominican Republic In office
May 29, 1849 – February 15, 1853 Preceded by Manuel Jiménes Succeeded by Pedro Santana 6th President of the Dominican Republic In office
October 8, 1856 – June 13, 1858 Preceded by Manuel de Regla Mota Succeeded by José Desiderio Valverde 10th President of the Dominican Republic In office
December 8, 1865 – May 29, 1866 Vice President Francisco Antonio Gómez y Báez Preceded by Pedro Guillermo Succeeded by Triumvirate of 1866 13th President of the Dominican Republic In office
May 2, 1868 – January 2, 1874 Vice President Manuel Altagracia Cáceres y Fernández (1868-1871)
Juan Isidro Ortea y Kennedy (1871-1874) Preceded by Manuel Altagracia Cáceres Succeeded by Ignacio María González 16th President of the Dominican Republic In office
December 26, 1876 – March 2, 1878 Vice President Juan Isidro Ortea y Kennedy Preceded by Marcos Antonio Cabral Succeeded by Ignacio María González 4th Vice President of the Dominican Republic In office
1856–1857 Preceded by Antonio Abad Alfau Bustamante Succeeded by Domingo Daniel Pichardo Pró Personal details Born (1812-07-14)July 14, 1812
Cabral, Barahona, Captaincy General of Santo Domingo Died March 14, 1884(1884-03-14) (aged 71)
Hormigueros, Puerto Rico Nationality Dominican Political party Red Party Spouse(s) Fermina Andújar de Soto Relations Marcos Antonio Cabral (son-in-law)
Virgins of Galindo (nieces-in-law) Children At least 9 children, some sources have attributed more children to him Religion Catholic

Buenaventura Báez, in full Ramón Buenaventura Báez Méndez (July 14, 1812 – March 14, 1884) was the President of the Dominican Republic for five nonconsecutive terms. He is known for attempting to annex the Dominican Republic to other countries on multiple occasions. His son Ramón Báez was briefly president in 1914.

  • 1 Early years
  • 2 Political career
  • 3 Exile and death
  • 4 Offspring
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Early years

Báez was born in Cabral, Barahona, of the Captaincy General of Santo Domingo. Báez's mother, Juana Méndez was formerly enslaved and his father, Pablo Báez, was a wealthy merchant from Azua. Báez inherited a fortune from his father and because of it was able to study in Europe. There, he learned various languages including English and French.

Political career

During the annexation by Haiti, Báez served as the legislator/congressman of Azua to the ruling Haitian government. This post was gained in part because of his role in the revolution that overthrew President Jean-Pierre Boyer from power.

Baez was completely and totally against the move to leave the union with Haiti. He opposed the Trinitarios and imprisoned some of them and did not allow the new flag to be raised in city plaza. He changed his mind once he saw the popular mood and decided that the time had come to part ways with Port-au-Prince. Baez was no fool and would always find a way to allow opportunity to shine upon him.

In 1844, Báez helped to lead a successful rebellion against Haiti, which established the independence of the Dominican Republic. He went to Europe in 1846 to convince France to establish a protectorate over the Dominican Republic, but the French refused. As president for the first time, from 1849 until 1853, he attempted to convince the United States to take over the country. He was President again from 1856 until 1857, when he was deposed in a coup.

Báez next supported the idea of having the Dominican Republic be taken over by Spain. He went into exile in Spain and led a luxurious life there. The Spanish agreed to occupy the Dominican Republic in 1861, but by 1865 they had abandoned it (see Dominican Restoration War). Báez then returned to the Dominican Republic and became President again until he was deposed in another coup in May 1866. He then served his longest term as President, from 1868 until 1874, during which time he again attempted to have the United States annex the Dominican Republic. This time he was almost successful, as he convinced American President Ulysses S. Grant to send warships to the Dominican Republic, and drew up an annexation treaty which reached the United States Senate floor. The treaty, however, was not ratified in the US Senate, and it became an embarrassment for Grant.

Exile and death

Báez became President again from 1876 until 1878, when he was deposed in a final coup and sent into exile to Puerto Rico, at the time a Spanish colony, where he lived his final days.

He is buried in the Basilica Cathedral of Santa María la Menor.


Genealogical studies have identified President Báez, and President Espaillat as well, as the most recent common ancestors for most of the Dominican oligarchy, since their offspring managed to establish bonds with the most rich and powerful families from Santiago, and thus, from the country.

  • Ramón Buenaventura Báez Méndez (1812–1884)
    • Manuel Báez Batista (1839–?)
    • Altagracia Amelia Báez Andújar (†1879)
      • José María Cabral y Báez (1864–1937)
        • Amelia María Cabral Bermúdez (1899–1996)
          • Juan Bautista Vicini Cabral (1924–2015)
            • Felipe Augusto Antonio Vicini Lluberes (b. 1960)
            • Amelia Stella María Vicini Lluberes (b. 1974)
            • Juan Bautista Vicini Lluberes (b. 1975)
          • Laura Amelia Vicini Cabral de Barletta (1925–2006)
          • José María Vicini Cabral (1926–2007)
            • José Leopoldo Vicini Pérez
            • Marco Vicini Pérez
          • Felipe Vicini Cabral (1936–1997)
        • Auristela Cabral Bermúdez (1901–1988)
          • Donald Joseph Reid Cabral (1923–2006)
          • William John Reid Cabral (1925–2010)
            • Patricia Reid Baquero (b. 1953)
              • Isabela Egan Reid de Pittaluga
              • Meghan Egan Reid
          • Robert Reid Cabral (1929–1961)
        • José María Cabral Bermúdez (1902–1984)
          • María Josefina Cabral Vega
            • Manuel Díez Cabral (b. 1964)
          • José María Cabral Vega
            • Amalia Josefina Gabriela Cabral Lluberes (b. 1963)
            • Claudia Cabral Lluberes (b. 1964)
              • Ana Amelia Batlle Cabral
              • Laura Emilia Batlle Cabral
            • José María Cabral Lluberes (b. 1967)
          • Petrica Cabral Vega (b. 1938)
            • María Amalia León Cabral (b. 1960)
              • Sarah Amalia Jorge León
            • Lidia Josefina León Cabral (b. 1962)
            • José Eduardo León Cabral (1963–1975)
          • Marco Buenaventura Cabral Vega
        • Marco Antonio Cabral Bermúdez (1906–1973)
        • Josefina Eugenia Cabral Bermúdez (1910–1994)
          • Pedro Ramón Espaillat Cabral
          • Alejandro Augusto Espaillat Cabral
            • Alejandro José Espaillat Imbert
            • Pedro José Espaillat Vélez
            • Carlos José Espaillat Vélez
          • Fineta Rosario Espaillat Cabral
        • Pedro Pablo Cabral Bermúdez (1916–1988)
          • Lucía Amelia Cabral Arzeno de Herrera
          • José María Cabral Arzeno (b. 1959)
            • José María Cabral González (b. 1988)
          • Luis José Cabral Arzeno
          • Lucía Amelia Cabral Arzeno
          • Virginia Cabral Arzeno
      • Ramona Antonio Cabral y Báez
        • Eduardo Sánchez Cabral
      • Buenaventura Cabral y Báez
        • Carmen Amelia Mercedes Cabral Machado
        • Carlos Alberto Cabral Machado
        • Pablo Buenaventura Cabral Machado
      • Mario Fermín Cabral y Báez (1877–1961)
        • Manuel Antonio Cabral Tavares (1907–1999)
          • Alba María Antonia "Peggy" Cabral Cornero (b. 1947)
    • Teodoro Osvaldo Buenaventura Báez Machado (1857–?)
      • José Ramón Báez López-Penha (1909–1995)
      • Buenaventura Báez López-Penha
        • Marcos Antonio Báez Cocco
    • Ramón Báez Machado (1858–1929)
      • Buenaventura Báez Soler
        • Ramón Báez Romano
          • Ramón Buenaventura Báez Figueroa (b. 1956)
            • Ramón Buenaventura Báez Zeller (b. 1982)
            • José Ramón Báez Alvarez (b.1999)
          • José Miguel Báez Figueroa
      • Mercedes Báez Soler
        • Julio Ernesto de la Rocha Báez
          • Ramón de la Rocha Pimentel (b. 1951)
          • Clarissa Altagracia de la Rocha Pimentel de Torres (b. 1959)
  1. ^ Espinal
  2. ^ "Dominican Annexation; The London Times on the Question--The Results Favorable to all Concerned.". The New York Times. December 1, 1869. 
  3. ^ "Washington; Our Navy in Dominican Waters Dominican Annexation and Haytian Interference Completeness of the Administration's Response to Senate Resolution for Information. The Secretary of the Navy to Rear-Admiral Poor, at Key West.". The New York Times. February 13, 1871. 
  4. ^ Hidalgo, Dennis (1997). "Charles Sumner and the Annexation of the Dominican Republic". Itinerario. 21 (2): 51–66. doi:10.1017/S0165115312000034. 
  5. ^ "San Domingo: Debate in the United States Senate on the resolutions of Hon. O. P. Morton, authorizing the appointment of a commission to examine into and report upon the condition of the island.". African American Perspectives, Pamphlets from the Daniel A.P. Murray Collection 1818 - 1907. Library of Congress. 
  6. ^ Edward P. Crapol (2000). "James G. Blaine". Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8420-2605-5. 
  7. ^ Espinal, Edwin (25 April 2013). "Camateta: la esclava de la oligarquía dominicana" (in Spanish). Hoy. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
    • Espinal Hernández, Edwin (12 February 2011). "Ulises F. Espaillat ¿el tronco de la oligarquía?" (in Spanish). Hoy. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
    • Espinal, Edwin (10 January 2009). "Los Báez" (in Spanish). Hoy. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
    • Céspedes, Diógenes (1 February 2011). "Origen edípico de nuestra oligarquía" (in Spanish). Hoy. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
External links
  • Buenaventura Báez at Find a Grave
Political offices Preceded by
Manuel Jiménes President of the Dominican Republic
1849–1853 Succeeded by
Pedro Santana Preceded by
Manuel de Regla Mota President of the Dominican Republic
1856–1858 Succeeded by
José Desiderio Valverde Preceded by
Pedro Guillermo President of the Dominican Republic
1865-1866 Succeeded by
Triumvirate Preceded by
Junta of Generals President of the Dominican Republic
1868-1874 Succeeded by
Ignacio María González Preceded by
Marcos Antonio Cabral President of the Dominican Republic
1876-1878 Succeeded by
Council of Secretaries of State Preceded by
Antonio Abad Alfau Bustamante Vice President of the Dominican Republic
1856–1857 Succeeded by
Domingo Daniel Pichardo Pró Authority control
  • WorldCat Identities
  • VIAF: 73698477
  • LCCN: nr89001161



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