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David Rockefeller
David Rockefeller (June 12, 1915 – March 20, 2017) was an American former banker who was chairman and chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation.

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David Rockefeller Born (1915-06-12)June 12, 1915
New York City, New York, U.S. Died March 20, 2017(2017-03-20) (aged 101)
Pocantico Hills, New York Residence Sleepy Hollow, New York, U.S. Education A.B. in 1936 & Ph.D. in 1940 Alma mater Harvard University
London School of Economics
University of Chicago Occupation Banker, statesman Years active 1940–2017 Net worth US$3.1 billion (as of November 2016) Political party Republican Spouse(s) Margaret McGrath
(m. 1940–1996; her death) Children David Jr., Abigail, Neva, Margaret, Richard, and Eileen Parent(s) John Davison Rockefeller Jr.
Abigail Greene Aldrich Relatives See Rockefeller family

David Rockefeller (June 12, 1915 – March 20, 2017) was an American former banker who was chairman and chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation. He was the oldest living member of the Rockefeller family and family patriarch since July 2004, the only surviving child of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, and the only surviving grandchild of John D. Rockefeller and Laura Spelman Rockefeller. Rockefeller died on March 20, 2017.

Contents
  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Career at the Chase Bank
  • 3 Political life
  • 4 Policy groups
  • 5 Rockefeller patriarch
  • 6 Wife and children
  • 7 Wealth
  • 8 Residences
  • 9 Non-governmental leadership positions
  • 10 Awards
  • 11 Further reading
  • 12 References
    • 12.1 Citations
    • 12.2 Sources
  • 13 External links

Early life

Rockefeller was born in New York City, and grew up in an eight-story house at 10 West 54th Street, the tallest private residence ever built in the city. He is the youngest of six children born to financier John Davison Rockefeller Jr. and socialite Abigail Greene "Abby" Aldrich. John Jr. was the only son of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr. and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman. Abby was a daughter of Senator Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich and Abigail Pearce Truman "Abby" Chapman. David's five elder siblings were Abby (1903–1976), John III (1906–1978), Nelson (1908–1979), Laurance (1910–2004), and Winthrop (1912–1973). The home contained rare, ancient, medieval and Renaissance treasures collected by his father—with some, such as the Unicorn Tapestries, held in an adjoining building at 12 West 54th Street. On the seventh floor was his mother's private modern art gallery. The property was subsequently donated by David's father as a site for a sculpture garden that is now part of the Museum of Modern Art. The house was demolished by the family in the early 1960s to make way for Museum of Modern Art. This was conceived and planned for by his mother Abby. He spent much time as a child at the family estate Kykuit, where, in his memoirs, he recalls visits by associates of his father, including General George C. Marshall, the adventurer Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd (whose Antarctic expeditions had been funded by the family), and the aviator Charles Lindbergh. Summer vacations were spent at the Eyrie, a 100-room house in Seal Harbor on the southeast shore of Mount Desert Island, in Maine.

Rockefeller attended the experimental Lincoln School at 123rd Street in Harlem. The school was the brainchild of Abraham Flexner, who had structured the institution after the educational philosophy of John Dewey. It opened in 1916 and was operated by the Teachers College at Columbia University, with crucial funding in its early years from the Rockefellers' General Education Board, a philanthropic educational institution later rolled into the Rockefeller Foundation. In 1936, Rockefeller graduated cum laude from Harvard University. He also studied economics for a year at Harvard and then a year at the London School of Economics (LSE). It was at LSE that he first met future President John F. Kennedy (although he had earlier been his contemporary at Harvard) and once dated Kennedy's sister Kathleen. During his time abroad, Rockefeller briefly worked in the London branch of what was to become the Chase Manhattan Bank. Having returned to the United States to complete his graduate studies, in 1940 he received a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. His dissertation was entitled Unused Resources and Economic Waste. After completing his studies in Chicago, he became secretary to New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia for eighteen months in a "dollar a year" public service position. Although the mayor pointed out to the press that Rockefeller was only one of 60 interns in the city government, his working space was, in fact, the vacant office of the deputy mayor. From 1941 to 1942, Rockefeller was assistant regional director of the United States Office of Defense, Health and Welfare Services. After war broke out, he enlisted in the U.S. Army and entered Officer Candidate School in 1943; he was ultimately promoted to captain in 1945. During World War II he served in North Africa and France (he spoke fluent French) for military intelligence setting up political and economic intelligence units. For seven months he also served as an assistant military attaché at the American Embassy in Paris. During this period, he would call on family contacts and Standard Oil executives for assistance.

Career at the Chase Bank

In 1946, Rockefeller joined the staff of the longtime family-associated Chase National Bank. The chairman at that time was Rockefeller's uncle Winthrop W. Aldrich. The Chase Bank was primarily a wholesale bank, dealing with other prominent financial institutions and major corporate clients such as General Electric (which had, through its RCA affiliate, leased prominent space and become a crucial first tenant of Rockefeller Center in 1930). The bank also is closely associated with and has financed the oil industry, having longstanding connections with its board directors to the successor companies of Standard Oil, especially Exxon Mobil. Chase National subsequently became the Chase Manhattan Bank in 1955 and shifted significantly into consumer banking. It is now called JPMorgan Chase.

Rockefeller started as an assistant manager in the foreign department. There he financed international trade in a number of commodities, such as coffee, sugar and metals. This position also maintained relationships with more than 1,000 correspondent banks throughout the world. He served in other positions and became president in 1960. He was both chairman and chief executive of Chase Manhattan from 1969 to 1980 and remained chairman until 1981. He was also, as recently as 1980, the single largest individual shareholder of the bank, holding 1.7% of its shares.

In 1954, Rockefeller became chairman of the committee charged with deciding the location of the bank's new headquarters. The following year his decision to erect the building in the Wall Street area was accepted; it was subsequently seen as a decision that directly revived the City's downtown financial district. In 1960 the headquarters was completed under his direction at One Chase Manhattan Plaza, on Liberty Street in downtown Manhattan, directly across from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. At 60 stories, it was at that time the largest bank building in the world; it also had, five floors below ground, the largest bank vault then in existence.

In the 1960s, Rockefeller and other businessmen formed the Chase International Advisory Committee (IAC) which by 2005 consisted of twenty-eight prominent businessmen from nineteen nations throughout the world, many of whom were his personal friends. Rockefeller subsequently became chairman until he retired from that position on the IAC in 1999. After the Chase's merger with J. P. Morgan, this committee was renamed the International Council, and contains prominent figures such as Henry Kissinger, Riley P. Bechtel (of the Bechtel Group), Andre Desmarais, George Shultz, Tony Blair, the current chairman. Historically, prominent figures on the IAC have included Gianni Agnelli (a longtime associate, who spent thirty years on the Committee), John Loudon (chairman of Royal Dutch-Shell), C. Douglas Dillon, David Packard, Lee Kuan Yew and Henry Ford II.

Under his term as CEO, Chase spread internationally and became a central pillar in the world's financial system; Chase has a global network of correspondent banks that has been estimated to number about 50,000, the largest of any bank in the world. In 1973, Chase established the first branch of an American bank in Moscow, in the then Soviet Union. That year Rockefeller traveled to China, resulting in his bank becoming the National Bank of China's first correspondent bank in the US.

In November 1979, while chairman of the Chase Bank, Rockefeller became embroiled in an international incident when he and Henry Kissinger, along with John J. McCloy and Rockefeller aides, persuaded President Jimmy Carter through the United States Department of State to admit the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, into the United States for hospital treatment for lymphoma. This action directly precipitated what is known as the Iran hostage crisis and placed Rockefeller under intense media scrutiny (particularly from The New York Times) for the first time in his public life.

Political life

In a private capacity Rockefeller has met with and advised every American President since Eisenhower and has at times even served as an unofficial emissary on high-level diplomatic missions. President Jimmy Carter offered him the positions of United States Secretary of the Treasury and Federal Reserve Chairman but he declined both instead preferring a private role. He at an earlier point declined an offer from his brother Nelson to appoint him to Robert F. Kennedy's Senate seat after Kennedy was assassinated in June 1968, a post Nelson also offered to their nephew John Davison "Jay" Rockefeller IV. On account of his personal, political, and professional connections and his family name, Rockefeller has been able to act as bridge to various interests around the world, including Saddam Hussein and Communist leaders such as Fidel Castro, Nikita Khrushchev, and Mikhail Gorbachev.

In Henry Kissinger, Rockefeller found a political operative with an international and domestic perspective similar to his. They first met in 1954, when Kissinger was appointed a director of a seminal Council on Foreign Relations study group on nuclear weapons, of which David was a member. The relationship developed to the point that Kissinger was invited to sit on the board of trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund. Rockefeller consulted with Kissinger on numerous occasions, as for example in the Chase Bank's interests in Chile and the possibility of the election of Salvador Allende in 1970, and fully supported his "opening of China" initiative in 1971 as it afforded banking opportunities for the Chase Bank.

Though a lifelong Republican and party contributor, like his father in the dynastic line, he is a committed member of the moderate "Rockefeller Republicans" that arose out of the political ambitions and public policy stance of his brother Nelson. In 2006 he teamed up with former Goldman Sachs executives and others to form a fund-raising group based in Washington, Republicans Who Care, that supported moderate Republican candidates over more ideological contenders.

Rockefeller also reportedly has connections to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). As well as knowing Allen Dulles and his brother John Foster Dulles—who was an in-law of the family—since his college years, it was in Rockefeller Center that Allen Dulles had set up his WWII operational center after Pearl Harbor, liaising closely with MI6 which also had their principal U.S. operation in the Center. He also knew and associated with the former CIA director Richard Helms, as well as Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt Jr., a Chase Bank employee and former CIA agent whose first cousin CIA agent Kermit Roosevelt, Jr. was involved in the Iran coup of 1953. Also, in 1953, he had befriended William Bundy, a pivotal CIA analyst for nine years in the 1950s, who became the Agency liaison to the National Security Council, and a subsequent lifelong friend. Moreover, in Cary Reich's biography of his brother Nelson, a former CIA agent states that David was extensively briefed on covert intelligence operations by himself and other Agency division chiefs, under the direction of David's "friend and confidant", CIA Director Allen Dulles.

Additionally, he serves as the only member of the Advisory Board for the Bilderberg Group.

Policy groups David Rockefeller launches the International Executive Service Corps in White House Rose Garden in 1964.

Throughout his life, Rockefeller has participated in and even created a number of policy groups aimed at responding to domestic and international concerns. In 1947, Rockefeller was invited to join the board of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; serving on the board were such figures as Alger Hiss, John Foster Dulles (chairman), Dwight D. Eisenhower, and IBM President Thomas J. Watson. He accepted the prestigious appointment and was subsequently instrumental in relocating the Endowment's headquarters to a site opposite the new United Nations headquarters building, with a Chase Bank branch on the ground floor. In 1964, along with other prominent American business figures such as Sol Linowitz, Rockefeller founded the non-profit International Executive Service Corps which was established to help bring about prosperity and stability in developing nations through the growth of private enterprise. In 1967, he formed The Business Committee for the Arts, Inc. (BCA), which is a national not-for-profit based in New York that established the annual Business in the Arts Awards, awarded to businesses that have formed exemplary partnerships with the arts community; this organization is co-sponsored by Forbes magazine. In 1979, he formed the Partnership for New York City, another not-for-profit membership organization consisting of a select group of two hundred CEOs ("Partners") from New York City's top corporate, investment and entrepreneurial firms. They are elected annually and committed to working closely with government, labor and the nonprofit sector to enhance the economy and maintain New York City's position as the global center of commerce, culture and innovation. Through its roster of blue-chip corporations, Rockefeller sits at the core of a network of the most powerful and influential businessmen and women in corporate America. In 1992, he was selected as a leading member of the Russian-American Bankers Forum, an advisory group set up by the head of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to advise Russia on the modernization of its banking system, with the full endorsement of President Boris Yeltsin.

On the world stage, influenced by the globalist perspective of his father, Rockefeller involved himself in a number of policy organizations focused on improving international relations. Rockefeller began a lifelong association with the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) when he joined as a director in 1949, the youngest member appointed to that position yet. He would later become head of the nominating committee for future membership and after that the chairman of this foreign policy think-tank. In 1965, Rockefeller and other businessmen formed the Council of the Americas to stimulate and support economic integration in the Americas. In 1992, at a Council sponsored forum, Rockefeller proposed a "Western Hemisphere free trade area", which subsequently became the Free Trade Area of the Americas in a Miami summit in 1994. His and the Council's chief liaison to President Bill Clinton in order to garner support for this initiative was through Clinton's chief of staff, Mack McLarty, whose consultancy firm Kissinger McLarty Associates is a corporate member of the Council, while McLarty himself is on the board of directors.

Displeased with the refusal of the Bilderberg meetings to include Japan, Rockefeller helped found the Trilateral Commission in July 1973. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor under Carter and fierce advocate for international cooperation, became the inaugural United States director.

The Clinton Administration had close to a dozen Commission members, including Clinton himself; both Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush had consulted the think tank. Addressing this and other claims proffered by traditional media, far-left and far-right academics, and many conspiracy theorists, in Rockefeller's 2002 autobiography "Memoirs" he wrote: "For more than a century ideological extremists at either end of the political spectrum have seized upon well-publicized incidents such as my encounter with Castro to attack the Rockefeller family for the inordinate influence they claim we wield over American political and economic institutions. Some even believe we are part of a secret cabal working against the best interests of the United States, characterizing my family and me as internationalists and of conspiring with others around the world to build a more integrated global political and economic structure—one world, if you will. If that's the charge, I stand guilty, and I am proud of it."

Rockefeller patriarch

After the war and alongside his work at Chase, Rockefeller took a more active role in his family's business dealings. Working with his brothers in the two floors of Rockefeller Center known as Room 5600, he reorganized the family's myriad business and philanthropic ventures. The men kept regular "brothers' meetings" where they made decisions on matters of common interest and reported on noteworthy events in each of their lives. David served as secretary to the group, making notes of each meeting. The notes are now in the family archive and will be released in the future. Following the deaths of his brothers, Winthrop (1973), John III (1978), Nelson (1979), and Laurance (2004), David became sole head of the family (with the important involvement of his elder son, David Jr).

David ensured that selected members of the fourth generation, known generically as the cousins, became directly involved in the family's institutions. This involved inviting them to be more active in the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the principal foundation established in 1940 by the five brothers and their one sister. The extended family also became involved in their own philanthropic organization, formed in 1967 and primarily established by third-generation members, called the Rockefeller Family Fund.

The extended family demonstrated their influence in the 1989 sale of Rockefeller Center to Mitsubishi Real Estate. This action freed up part of the family fortune for reinvestment in more lucrative fields. The Trust has expanded beyond business in New York and is now far more diverse in their interests. Nevertheless, under David, overall family and institutional cohesion has been maintained to a remarkable degree (more so than any other late 19th century wealthy family).

In 2000, Rockefeller presided over the final sale of Rockefeller Center to Jerry Speyer's Tishman Speyer Properties, along with the Crown family of Chicago, which ended the more than 70 years of direct family financial association with the landmark New York complex. It later turned out that he had a long association with Jerry Speyer through the Museum of Modern Art, so there was still an enduring partnership in operation, though not directly financial in nature.

In 2003, he served as "honorary member" of the Jury for the World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition. This was appropriate as he had created and chaired the original Downtown-Lower Manhattan Association in 1960 that had initiated the Center, along with major backing from his brother, Nelson Rockefeller, who was the Governor of New York at the time, as well as with the New York power broker Robert Moses.

Rockefeller has always limited his giving to institutions directly or indirectly related to the family; for example, in 2005, at age ninety, he gave $100 million to the Museum of Modern Art and $100 million to Rockefeller University, two of the most prominent family institutions; as well as $10 million to Harvard and $5 million to Colonial Williamsburg. In 2006, he pledged $225 million to the Rockefeller Brothers Fund upon his death, the largest gift in the Fund's history. The money will be used to create the David Rockefeller Global Development Fund, to support projects that improve access to health care, conduct research on international finance and trade, fight poverty, and support sustainable development, as well as to a program that fosters dialogue between Muslim and Western nations. Rockefeller donated $100 million to Harvard University in 2008. The New York Times estimated in November 2006 that his total charitable donations amount to $900 million over his lifetime, a figure that was substantiated by a monograph on the family's overall benefactions, entitled The Chronicle of Philanthropy. According to his doctors, he wasn't diagnosed with any cancer and has peacefully reached his centenary.

He published Memoirs in 2002, the only time a member of the Rockefeller family has written an autobiography.

Wife and children

He married Margaret "Peggy" McGrath (September 28, 1915 – March 26, 1996) on September 7, 1940. She was the daughter of a partner in a prominent Wall Street law firm. They had six children:

  1. David Rockefeller Jr. (born July 24, 1941) – vice chairman, Rockefeller Family & Associates (the family office, Room 5600); chairman of Rockefeller Financial Services; Trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation; former chairman of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and Rockefeller & Co., Inc., among many other family institutions.
  2. Abigail Aldrich "Abby" Rockefeller (born 1943) – economist and feminist. Eldest and most rebellious daughter, she was drawn to Marxism and was an ardent admirer of Fidel Castro and a late 1960s/early 1970s radical feminist who belonged to the organization Female Liberation, later forming a splinter group called Cell 16. An environmentalist and ecologist, she was an active supporter of the women's liberation movement.
  3. Neva Rockefeller (born 1944) – economist and philanthropist. She is director of the Global Development and Environment Institute; trustee and vice chair of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and Director of the Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors.
  4. Margaret Dulany "Peggy" Rockefeller (born 1947) – founder of the Synergos Institute in 1986; Board member of the Council on Foreign Relations; serves on the Advisory Committee of the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies at Harvard University.
  5. Richard Gilder Rockefeller (January 20, 1949 − June 13, 2014) – physician and philanthropist; chairman of the United States advisory board of the international aid group Doctors Without Borders; trustee and chair of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund.
  6. Eileen Rockefeller (born 1952) – venture philanthropist; Founding Chair of Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, established in New York City in 2002.
Wealth

As of November 2016, his net worth is estimated to be US $3.1 billion, ranking him among the 200 richest people in the world. Initially, most of his wealth had come to him via the family trusts that his father had set up, which were administered by Room 5600 and the Chase Bank. In turn, most of these trusts were held as shares in the successor companies of Standard Oil, as well as diverse real estate investment partnerships, such as the expansive Embarcadero Center in San Francisco, which he later sold for considerable profit, retaining only an indirect stake. In addition, he is or has been a partner in various properties such as a 4,000-acre (16 km2) resort development in the Virgin Islands and a cattle ranch in Argentina, as well as a 15,500-acre (63 km2) sheep ranch in Australia.

Another major source of asset wealth is his formidable art collection, ranging from impressionist to postmodern, which he developed through the raising of his mother Abby and her establishment, with two associates, of the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1929. He is not a collector of most modern art himself but, as chairman and honorary chairman, has never hindered MoMA's acquisition of the newer works. He has donated many works to MoMA over the decades and more will go there after his death.

Residences

Rockefeller's principal residence is at "Hudson Pines", on the family estate in Pocantico Hills, New York. He also has a Manhattan residence at East 65th Street, as well as a country residence (known as "Four Winds") at a farm in Livingston, New York (Columbia County), where his wife raised Simmenthal beef cattle. He also maintains a summer home on Mount Desert Island off the Maine coast. In May 2015, as part of celebrations to mark his 100th birthday, Rockefeller donated one thousand acres of land in Seal Harbor to the Mount Desert Land and Garden Preserve. The lands to be transferred stretch from the Preserve’s present property on Eliot Mountain, eastward to Barr Hill and the Stanley Brook Road, with the exception of the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Garden and some other properties, which will be made public in the future.

The Kykuit area of the family estate is the location of The Pocantico Conference Center of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF)—set up by David and his four brothers in 1940—which was created when the Fund leased the area from the National Trust for Historic Preservation in 1991. Known as the "Playhouse", it provides a setting where the Fund and other nonprofit organizations and public sector institutions can bring together people of diverse backgrounds and perspectives to engage on critical world issues.

Non-governmental leadership positions
  • Council on Foreign Relations – Honorary Chairman
  • Americas Society – Founder and Honorary Chairman
  • Council of the Americas – Founder and Honorary Chairman
  • Trilateral Commission – Founder and Honorary North American Chairman
  • Bilderberg Meetings – Only member of the Member Advisory Group
Awards
  • Presidential Medal of Freedom (1998);
  • U.S. Legion of Merit (1945);
  • French Legion of Honor (1945);
  • U.S. Army Commendation Ribbon (1945);
  • Commander of the Brazilian Order of the Southern Cross, (1956);
  • Charles Evans Hughes award NCCJ, (1974);
  • George C. Marshall Foundation Award (1999);
  • Andrew Carnegie Medal of Philanthropy (2001);
  • Synergos Bridging Leadership Award (2003);
  • The Grand Croix of the Légion d'honneur (2000);
  • C. Walter Nichols Award, New York University (1970);
  • Grand Cordon, Order of Sacred Treasure, Japan (1991);
  • World Brotherhood Award, Jewish Theological Seminary of America (1953);
  • Award of Merit from the American Institute of Architects (1965);
  • Honorary degree, Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México-ITAM (2006);
  • Medal of Honor for City Planning, American Institute of Architects (1968);
  • World Monuments Fund's Hadrian Award (for preservation of art and architecture) (1994);
  • National Institute of Social Sciences Gold Medal Award (1967 – awarded to all 5 brothers);
  • United States Council for International Business (USCIB) International Leadership Award (1983);
  • The Hundred Year Association of New York's Gold Medal Award: "In recognition of outstanding contributions to the City of New York" (1965).
Further reading
  • The Rockefeller File, Gary Allen, ´76 Press, Seal Beach California, 1976.
  • The Rockefeller Century: Three Generations of America's Greatest Family, John Ensor Harr and Peter J. Johnson. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988.
  • The Rockefeller Conscience: An American Family in Public and in Private, John Ensor Harr and Peter J. Johnson, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1992.
  • The Life of Nelson A. Rockefeller: Worlds to Conquer 1908–1958, Cary Reich, New York: Doubleday, 1996.
  • Abby Aldrich Rockefeller: The Woman in the Family, Bernice Kert, New York: Random House, 1993.
  • Those Rockefeller Brothers: An Informal Biography of Five Extraordinary Young Men, Joe Alex Morris, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1953.
  • The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty, Peter Collier and David Horowitz, New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1976.
  • The American Establishment, Leonard Silk and Mark Silk, New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1980.
  • American Hegemony and the Trilateral Commission, Stephen Gill, Boston: Cambridge University Press, Reprint Edition, 1991.
  • The Chase: The Chase Manhattan Bank, N.A., 1945–1985, John Donald Wilson, Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1986.
  • Wriston: Walter Wriston, Citibank, and the Rise and Fall of American Financial Supremacy, Phillip L. Zweig, New York: Crown Publishers, 1995.
  • Paul Volcker: The Making of a Financial Legend, Joseph B. Treaster, New York: Wiley, 2004.
  • Financier: The Biography of André Meyer; A Story of Money, Power, and the Reshaping of American Business, Cary Reich, New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1983.
  • Continuing the Inquiry: The Council on Foreign Relations from 1921 to 1996, Peter Grose, New York: Council on Foreign Relations: 1996.
  • Imperial Brain Trust: The Council on Foreign Relations and United States Foreign Policy, Laurence H. Shoup, and William Minter, New York: Authors Choice Press, (Reprint), 2004.
  • Cloak of Green: The Links between Key Environmental Groups, Government and Big Business, Elaine Dewar, New York: Lorimer, 1995.
  • The Shah's Last Ride, William Shawcross, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989.
  • Divided We Stand: A Biography of New York City's World Trade Center, Eric Darton, New York: Basic Books, 1999.
  • The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York, Robert Caro, New York: Random House, 1975.
  • The Rich and the Super-Rich: A Study in the Power of Money Today, Ferdinand Lundberg, New York: Lyle Stuart; Reprint Edition, 1988.
  • Interlock: The untold story of American banks, oil interests, the Shah's money, debts, and the astounding connections between them, Mark Hulbert, New York: Richardson & Snyder; 1st edition, 1982.
  • The Money Lenders: Bankers and a World in Turmoil, Anthony Sampson, New York: Viking Press, 1982.
  • The Chairman: John J. McCloy – The Making of the American Establishment, Kai Bird, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.
References Citations
  1. ^ Kandell, Jonathan (20 March 2017). "David Rockefeller, Philanthropist and Head of Chase Manhattan, Dies at 101". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 March 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "The World's Billionaires #569 David Rockefeller, Sr.". Forbes. Retrieved November 7, 2016. 
  3. ^ Miller, Tom (2013-03-18). "Daytonian in Manhattan: The Lost J. D. Rockefeller Jr. House -- No. 10 W 54th St.". Daytonian in Manhattan. Retrieved 2016-05-24. 
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  5. ^ "The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys Before 1960". funtrivia.com. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ Harr & Johnson (1988), p. 392
  7. ^ Rockefeller (2002), p. 113
  8. ^ "The Change at David's Bank", Time, September 1, 1980.
  9. ^ J.P. Morgan International Council, As of December 31, 2011, Shareholder.com http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/ONE/0x0x556140/b666b7d7-8248-4573-9286-163042a4f64d/JPMC_2011_annual_report_corpdata_shareinfo.pdf
  10. ^ Rockefeller (2002), pp. 205–209
  11. ^ Rockefeller (2002), pp. 356–375
  12. ^ Rockefeller (2002), p. 485
  13. ^ Isaacson (2005), p. 84
  14. ^ Grose (1996)
  15. ^ Isaacson (2005), p. 289
  16. ^ Wilson (1986), pp. 229–230
  17. ^ Bloomberg.com, news archive
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  20. ^ Srodes (1999), pp. 207, 210
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  22. ^ Bird (1998), pp. 180–181
  23. ^ Reich (1996), p. 559
  24. ^ Official Bilderberg Club Website "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-11. Retrieved 2011-08-25. 
  25. ^ "Steering Committee Bilderberg Meetings". Bilderberg Meetings. Retrieved May 23, 2015. 
  26. ^ Rockefeller (2002), pp. 149–151
  27. ^ Holley, Joe (March 18, 2005). "Former Diplomat Sol Linowitz, 91, Dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  28. ^ "BCA annual Business in the Arts Awards".
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  36. ^ "Philanthropy for the 21st Century". The New York Times. November 5, 1989. Retrieved March 23, 2008. 
  37. ^ "New York's Cultural Power Brokers". New York Times. June 2, 2004.
  38. ^ "The Height of Ambition", New York Times September 8, 2002.
  39. ^ "David Rockefeller Pledges $225 Million to Family Fund (Update1)". bloomberg.com. Retrieved October 2, 2015. 
  40. ^ Post.harvard.edu
  41. ^ Newyorktimes.com, New York Region Rockefellerbrothersfund.org, Chronicle of Philanthropy (pdf)
  42. ^ MonrifNet. "Rockefeller a Firenze: l'uomo da due miliardi di dollari compra tovaglie ricamate in città". Firenze - La Nazione - Quotidiano di Firenze con le ultime notizie della Toscana e dell’Umbria. Retrieved October 2, 2015. 
  43. ^ Rockefeller (2002), p. 499
  44. ^ Echols (1989), pp. 158 (& perhaps n. 106), 163 & nn. 132–133, & 211 & n. 37
  45. ^ Northeastern University Archives and Special Collections.
  46. ^ Santora, Marc, "Richard Rockefeller Killed in New York Plane Crash", New York Times, June 13, 2014' retrieved June 13, 2014.
  47. ^ Hoffman (1971), p. 131
  48. ^ Rockefeller (2002), pp. 442–462
  49. ^ "David Rockefeller to donate 1,000-plus acres on Mount Desert Island" - Portland Press Herald, May 21, 2015
  50. ^ Rockefellerbrothersfund.org, grants
  51. ^ "Mala Diplomática". Correio da Manhã. 4 May 1956. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
Sources
  • Bird, Kai (1998). The Color of Truth: McGeorge Bundy and William Bundy; Brothers in Arms. New York: Simon & Schuster. 
  • Echols, Alice (1989). Daring to Be Bad: Radical Feminism in America: 1967–1975. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-1787-2. 
  • Grose, Peter (1996). Continuing the Inquiry: The Council on Foreign Relations from 1921 to 1996. New York: Council on Foreign Relations. 
  • Harr, John Ensor; Johnson, Peter J. (1988). The Rockefeller Century: Three Generations of America's Greatest Family. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 
  • Hoffman, William (1971). David: Report on a Rockefeller. New York: Dell Publishing. 
  • Isaacson, Walter (2005). Kissinger: a Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster. 
  • Perloff, James (1988). The Shadows of Power: the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Decline. Wisconsin: Western Islands Publishers. 
  • Reich, Cary (1996). The Life of Nelson A. Rockefeller: Worlds to Conquer 1908–1958. New York: Doubleday. 
  • Rockefeller, David (2002). Memoirs. New York: Random House. 
  • Srodes, James (1999). Allen Dulles: Master of Spies. Washington: Regnery Publishing. 
  • Wilson, John Donald (1986). The Chase: The Chase Manhattan Bank, N.A., 1945–1985. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. 
  • Zweig, Phillip L. (1995). Wriston: Walter Wriston, Citibank, and the Rise and Fall of American Financial Supremacy. New York: Crown Publishers. 
External links Wikiquote has quotations related to: David Rockefeller
  • The Rockefeller Archive Center (RAC): Selected Biography Contains an overview of his life, achievements and membership in organizations.
  • An Entrepreneurial Spirit: Three Centuries of Rockefeller Family Philanthropy This monograph (pdf, 2005) contains a history and philosophy of Rockefeller philanthropy, organized by the Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors (RPA), set up by various family members in 2002.
  • Rockefeller Brothers Fund Official Web site Details the regular conferences held by the Fund at the family estate of Pocantico.
  • Partnership for New York City (PFNYC) Web site: The Founder Brief biographical details on the PFNYC Web site, founded and chaired by Rockefeller in 1979.
  • CFR Web site—Continuing the Inquiry: The Council on Foreign Relations from 1921 to 1996 Contains details of both David's and the Rockefeller Foundation's long associations with the Council.
  • Born to be Mild A review of Memoirs in the New York Times.
  • The Power and the Privilege A review of Memoirs in Business Week.
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
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Memoirs
Memoirs
Born into one of the wealthiest families in America—he was the youngest son of Standard Oil scion John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and the celebrated patron of modern art Abby Aldrich Rockefeller—David Rockefeller has carried his birthright into a distinguished life of his own. His dealings with world leaders from Zhou Enlai and Mikhail Gorbachev to Anwar Sadat and Ariel Sharon, his service to every American president since Eisenhower, his remarkable world travels and personal dedication to his home city of New York—here, the first time a Rockefeller has told his own story, is an account of a truly rich life.

$6.07
-$11.88(-66%)



The True Story of the Bilderberg Group
The True Story of the Bilderberg Group
Delving into a world once shrouded in complete mystery and impenetrable security, this investigative report provides a fascinating account of the annual meetings of the world’s most powerful people—the Bilderberg Group. Since its inception in 1954 at the Bilderberg Hotel in the small Dutch town of Oosterbeek, the Bilderberg Group has been comprised of European prime ministers, American presidents, and the wealthiest CEOs of the world, all coming together to discuss the economic and political future of humanity. The working press has never been allowed to attend, nor have statements ever been released on the attendees' conclusions or discussions, which have ramifications on the citizens of the world. Using methods that resemble the spy tactics of the Cold War—and in several instances putting his own life on the line—the author did what no one else has managed to achieve: he learned what was being said behind the closed doors of the opulent hotels and has made it available to the public. This second edition includes an entirely new chapter and updated information on topics such as an earlier attempt to break up Canada and the portents of a North American union.

$12.50
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The Devil's Chessboard: Allen Dulles, the CIA, and the Rise of America's Secret Government
The Devil's Chessboard: Allen Dulles, the CIA, and the Rise of America's Secret Government
An explosive, headline-making portrait of Allen Dulles, the man who transformed the CIA into the most powerful—and secretive—colossus in Washington, from the founder of Salon.com and author of the New York Times bestseller Brothers.America’s greatest untold story: the United States’ rise to world dominance under the guile of Allen Welsh Dulles, the longest-serving director of the CIA. Drawing on revelatory new materials—including newly discovered U.S. government documents, U.S. and European intelligence sources, the personal correspondence and journals of Allen Dulles’s wife and mistress, and exclusive interviews with the children of prominent CIA officials—Talbot reveals the underside of one of America’s most powerful and influential figures.Dulles’s decade as the director of the CIA—which he used to further his public and private agendas—were dark times in American politics. Calling himself “the secretary of state of unfriendly countries,” Dulles saw himself as above the elected law, manipulating and subverting American presidents in the pursuit of his personal interests and those of the wealthy elite he counted as his friends and clients—colluding with Nazi-controlled cartels, German war criminals, and Mafiosi in the process. Targeting foreign leaders for assassination and overthrowing nationalist governments not in line with his political aims, Dulles employed those same tactics to further his goals at home, Talbot charges, offering shocking new evidence in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.An exposé of American power that is as disturbing as it is timely, The Devil’s Chessboard is a provocative and gripping story of the rise of the national security state—and the battle for America’s soul.

$10.70
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DAVID ROCKEFELLER: MEMOIRS [HARDCOVER]
DAVID ROCKEFELLER: MEMOIRS [HARDCOVER]
Will be shipped from US. Brand new copy.

$11.58



Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr.
Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr.
National Book Critics Circle Award Finalist   From the acclaimed, award-winning author of Alexander Hamilton: here is the essential, endlessly engrossing biography of John D. Rockefeller, Sr.—the Jekyll-and-Hyde of American capitalism. In the course of his nearly 98 years, Rockefeller was known as both a rapacious robber baron, whose Standard Oil Company rode roughshod over an industry, and a philanthropist who donated money lavishly to universities and medical centers. He was the terror of his competitors, the bogeyman of reformers, the delight of caricaturists—and an utter enigma.   Drawing on unprecedented access to Rockefeller’s private papers, Chernow reconstructs his subjects’ troubled origins (his father was a swindler and a bigamist) and his single-minded pursuit of wealth. But he also uncovers the profound religiosity that drove him “to give all I could”; his devotion to his father; and the wry sense of humor that made him the country’s most colorful codger. Titan is a magnificent biography—balanced, revelatory, elegantly written.

$10.26
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The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty
The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty
Against a richly detailed backdrop of history, the story of this unique American family unfolds. It begins with John D. Rockefeller Sr., who amassed a fortune amid the muck and disorder of the Pennsylvania oil fields and left his son to deal with the public outcry. It follows Rockefeller Jr. as he built the charities and foundations that made the name a public institution. And it tracks the lives of the 5 Rockefeller brothers. Here then is Laurance, clever and charming as a youth, burned out and cynical by middle age; Winthrop, the shy, awkward, black sheep who finally made a mark for himself in the eyes of everyone but his family; JDR3, introverted and anxious even after years of proving himself; David, a man on the move who took the nation's front-ranking bank and made it number 3; and Nelson, ambitious, aggressive, the brother who broke the unwritten family code.

$14.91
-$0.09(-1%)



Latinos: Remaking America (David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies)
Latinos: Remaking America (David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies)
Latinos are the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States and will comprise a quarter of the country's population by mid-century. The process of Latinization, the result of globalization and the biggest migration flow in the history of the Americas, is indeed reshaping the character of the U.S. This landmark book brings together some of the leading scholars now studying the social, cultural, racial, economic, and political changes wrought by the experiences, travails, and fortunes of the Latino population. It is the most definitive and comprehensive snapshot available of Latinos in the United States today.How are Latinos and Latinas changing the face of the Americas? What is new and different about this current wave of migration? In this pathbreaking book social scientists, humanities scholars, and policy experts examine what every citizen and every student needs to know about Latinos in the U.S., covering issues from historical continuities and changes to immigration, race, labor, health, language, education, and politics. Recognizing the diversity and challenges facing Latinos in the U.S., this book addresses what it means to define the community as such and how to move forward on a variety of political and cultural fronts. All of the contributions to Latinos are original pieces written especially for this volume.

$11.96
-$10.99(-48%)



Abby Aldrich Rockefeller: The Woman in the Family
Abby Aldrich Rockefeller: The Woman in the Family
The riveting portrait of the woman who transformed the character of one of America’s most powerful families—available in paperback for the first time, with a new Introduction by David RockefellerIn 1894, Abby Aldrich, the buoyant, impulsive daughter of Rhode Island’s Senator Nelson Aldrich, met John D. Rockefeller, Jr., the deeply reserved heir to the Standard Oil fortune. This unlikely pair fell in love, but it was seven years before John felt confident enough to propose. Once married, Abby used her empathy, willingness to experiment, and defiant optimism to leaven John’s narrow, bureaucratic way of thinking. She expanded his vision of what the Rockefeller fortune could do, shaping the family into the progressive force in philanthropy, the arts, and politics that we know today.Drawing on letters, diaries, and revealing interviews with family members and others, Bernice Kert has created a portrait of this vibrant woman that is both epic and intimate, moving seamlessly from the intricacies of her home life, to her work in larger arenas, to her crowning achievement—founding what eventually became the Museum of Modern Art.

$59.03



The Carpenter's Gift: A Christmas Tale about the Rockefeller Center Tree
The Carpenter's Gift: A Christmas Tale about the Rockefeller Center Tree
This "new classic" Christmas story brings together two great traditions: the Rockefeller Center Christmas tree and the neighbor-helping-neighbor program of Habitat for Humanity. Opening in Depression-era New York City, The Carpenter's Gift tells the story of eight-year-old Henry and his father selling Christmas trees. They give a Christmas tree to construction workers building Rockefeller Center and celebrate together. Through the kindness of the construction workers and neighbors, Henry gets his wish for a nice, warm home to replace his family's drafty shack. He plants a pinecone from that first Rockefeller Center Tree. As an old man, Henry repays the gift by donating the enormous tree that has grown from that pinecone to become a Rockefeller Center Christmas tree. After bringing joy to thousands as the Rockefeller Center tree, its wood will be used to build a home for another family in need.Written by children's nonfiction author David Rubel in collaboration with Habitat for Humanity. Gorgeous illustrations crafted by Jim LaMarche.The Horn Book said,"Rubel’s story of compassion hits all the right holiday notes; LaMarche’s lush, warm illustrations of glowing Christmas trees and smiling, caring characters drive home the central message of charity."

$9.05
-$8.94(-50%)



Matisse & Chagall at the Union Church of Pocantico Hills
Matisse & Chagall at the Union Church of Pocantico Hills
History and pictures of Union Church, windows by Matisse and Chagall.


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