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Envy (from Latin invidia) is an emotion which "occurs when a person lacks another's superior quality, achievement, or possession and either desires it

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For other uses, see Envy (disambiguation). Portrait of a Woman Suffering from Obsessive Envy; Théodore Géricault Part of a series on Emotions
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Envy (from Latin invidia) is an emotion which "occurs when a person lacks another's superior quality, achievement, or possession and either desires it or wishes that the other lacked it".

Bertrand Russell said that envy was one of the most potent causes of unhappiness. Not only is the envious person rendered unhappy by his or her envy, Russell explained, but that person also wishes to inflict misfortune on others. Although envy is generally seen as something negative, Russell also believed that envy was a driving force behind the movement towards democracy and must be endured to achieve a more just social system. However, psychologists have recently suggested that there may be two types of envy: malicious envy and benign envy—malicious envy being proposed as a sick force that ruins a person and his/her mind and causes the envious person to blindly want the "hero" to suffer; on the other hand, benign envy being proposed as a type of positive motivational force that causes the person to aspire to be as good as the "hero"—but only if benign envy is used in a right way. Envy and gloating have parallel structures as emotions.

  • 1 Socioevolutionary view
  • 2 Schadenfreude
  • 3 Regarding possessions or status
  • 4 Overcoming
  • 5 Narcissists
  • 6 In philosophy
  • 7 Religious views
    • 7.1 In Hinduism
    • 7.2 In Christianity
    • 7.3 In Islam
    • 7.4 In Buddhism
  • 8 Cultural references
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 Bibliography
  • 12 Further reading
  • 13 External links

Socioevolutionary view Invidia, allegorical painting by Giotto di Bondone, ca. 1305-1306

One theory that helps explain envy and its effects on human behavior is the Socioevolutionary theory. Based upon (Charles) Darwin's (1859) theory of evolution through natural selection, socioevolutionary theory predicts that humans behave in ways that enhance individual survival and the reproduction of their genes. Thus, this theory provides a framework for understanding social behavior and experiences, such as the experience and expression of envy, as rooted in biological drives for survival and procreation. Recent studies have demonstrated that inciting envy actually changes cognitive function, boosting mental persistence and memory.

Schadenfreude Main article: Schadenfreude

Schadenfreude means taking pleasure in the misfortune of others and can be understood as an outgrowth of envy in certain situations.

Regarding possessions or status Hieronymus Bosch, The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things (Invidia)

Often, envy involves a motive to "outdo or undo the rival's advantages". In part, this type of envy may be based on materialistic possessions rather than psychological states. Basically, people find themselves experiencing an overwhelming emotion due to someone else owning or possessing desirable items that they do not. For example, your next door neighbor just bought a brand new ocarina—a musical instrument you've been infatuated with for months now but can't afford. Feelings of envy in this situation would occur in the forms of emotional pain, a lack of self-worth, and a lowered self-esteem/well-being.

In Nelson W. Aldrich Jr.'s Old Money, he states that "envy is so integral and painful a part of what animates human behavior in market societies that many people have forgotten the full meaning of the word, simplifying it into one of the symptoms of desire. It is that (a symptom of desire), which is why it flourishes in market societies: democracies of desire, they might be called, with money for ballots, stuffing permitted. But envy is more or less than desire. It begins with the almost frantic sense of emptiness inside oneself, as if the pump of one's heart were sucking on air. One has to be blind to perceive the emptiness, of course, but that's what envy is, a selective blindness. Invidia, Latin for envy, translates as "nonsight," and Dante had the envious plodding along under cloaks of lead, their eyes sewn shut with leaden wire. What they are blind to is what they have, God-given and humanly nurtured, in themselves".


Envy may negatively affect the closeness and satisfaction of relationships. Overcoming envy might be similar to dealing with other negative emotions (anger, resentment, etc.). Individuals experiencing anger often seek professional treatment (anger management) to help understand why they feel the way they do and how to cope. Subjects experiencing envy often have a skewed perception on how to achieve true happiness. By helping people to change these perceptions, they will be more able to understand the real meaning of fortune and satisfaction with what they do have. According to Lazarus "coping is an integral feature of the emotion process". There are very few theories that emphasize the coping process for emotions as compared to the information available concerning the emotion itself.

There are numerous styles of coping, of which there has been a significant amount of research done, for example, avoidant versus approach. Coping with envy can be similar to coping with anger. The issue must be addressed cognitively in order to work through the emotion. According to the research done by Salovey and Rodin (1988), "more effective strategies for reducing initial envy appear to be stimulus focused rather than self-focused.". Salovey and Rodin (1988) also suggest "self-bolstering (e.g., "thinking about my good qualities") may be an effective strategy for moderating these self-deprecating thoughts and muting negative affective reactions". Further research needs to be done in order to better understand envy, as well as to help people cope with this emotion.


Individuals with narcissistic personality disorder are often envious of others or believe others are envious of them.

A narcissist may secure a sense of superiority in the face of another person's ability by using contempt to minimize the other person.

In philosophy

Aristotle (in Rhetoric) defined envy (φθόνος phthonos) "as the pain caused by the good fortune of others", while Kant defined it as "a reluctance to see our own well-being overshadowed by another's because the standard we use to see how well off we are is not the intrinsic worth of our own well-being but how it compares with that of others" (in Metaphysics of Morals).

Religious views In Hinduism

"One who does not envy but is a compassionate friend to all ... such a devotee is very dear to Me." - Lord Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 12, Verse 15.

In Hinduism, envy is considered a disastrous emotion. Hinduism maintains that anything which causes the mind to lose balance with itself leads to misery. This concept is put forth in the epic Mahabharata, wherein Duryodhana launches the Kurukshetra war out of envy of the perceived prosperity of his cousins. He is known to have remarked:

"Father! The prosperity of the Pandavas (cousins) is burning me deeply! I cannot eat, sleep or live in the knowledge that they are better off than me!"

Thus, Hinduism teaches that envy can be overcome simply by recognizing that the man or woman who is the object of one's envy is merely enjoying the fruits of their past karmic actions and that one should not allow such devious emotions to take control of their mind, lest they suffer the same fate as the antagonists of the Mahabharata.

In Christianity This subsection relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. (August 2012) The Seven Deadly Sins - Envy, by Jacques Callot. The snake and the dog are both symbols for envy. Cain killing Abel, painting by Bartolomeo Manfredi, c. 1600 Envy Arch in the nave with a gothic fresco from 1511 of a man with a dog-head, which symbolizes envy (Dalbyneder Church (da), Denmark)

Envy is one of the Seven deadly sins of the Catholic Church. In the Book of Genesis envy is said to be the motivation behind Cain murdering his brother, Abel, as Cain envied Abel because God favored Abel's sacrifice over Cain's.

A ruining flesh sin Envy is a sin of flesh. Envy is among the things that comes from the heart, defiling a person. The whole body is full of darkness when the eye, the lamp of body, is bad. He who is glad at calamity will not go unpunished, said Solomon. Envy ruins the body's health, making bones rot and prohibiting the inheritance of the kingdom of God. Sometimes, as a punishment, people are left in their sins, falling prey to envy and other heavy sins.

Universal and profound sin Envy is credited as the basis of all toil and skills of people. For example, mankind will choose occupations to gain wealth, fame and pleasures to equal or exceed their neighbours. Envy is, therefore, a sin deeply ingrained in human nature. It comes into being when man lacks certain things, a circumstance that exists when God is not approached for provision or when the provision is used for one's own selfish passions and pleasures.

Genesis and causes Envy may be caused by wealth (Isaac, envied the Philistines), by the brightness of wealth, power and beauty (Assyria kingdom envied of other kingdoms), by political and military rising (Saul eyed David from the moment he heard the women song of joy), fertility (Leah, envied of Rachel), social ascent (Joseph whom his brothers were jealous of), countless miracles and healings (the apostles envied of high priest and the Sadducees), popularity (Paul and Barnabas, envied of unfaithful Jewish from Antioch), the success of Christianization of many Thessalonians (Paul and Silas, envied of unfaithful Jews from Thessalonica), virtues and true power to heal, to make miracles and to teach people (Jesus envied of the chief priests).

God will reward each according to his deeds Christians must not fall into the trap of envying of the wicked of the men of violence of those who seem to have a happy, prosperous, untroubled life, but always be aware that God will reward each according to his deeds. The true Christian will be sure, as the psalmist the moment he enters the temple of God, that those bloated, with "pride as necklace" and "violence as garment" (clothing), which are stumbling block to the faith of ordinary people, will fade like greens, will be cut down quickly like the grass ", being thrown away and ruined the right time.

Happy for anyone saved Also, the Christians must not look with evil eye at the last converts to avoid therefore becoming the last ones, missing the kingdom of God. They should be happy for anyone saved, like Christ, who came to save the lost, as the shepherd seeking the lost sheep. Zacchaeus, the chief tax collector, was among the lost ones and he succeeded in bringing salvation to him and to his house.

No good eating the envier's bread It is no good eating the envier's bread, nor desiring his delicacies, because he is like one who is inwardly calculating", his heart is not with you" and so, you will vomit up the morsels that you have eaten, and waste your pleasant words".

Envy and wisdom Sometimes arisen out of sophistry, envy cannot coexist with true and spiritual wisdom, but with false, earthly, unspiritual, demonic wisdom.

Struggle against envy Throwing away envy is a crucial condition in our path to salvation. Envy was seen by the Apostle Paul as a real danger even within the first Christian communities. Envy should remain a sin of the past, defeated by God teaching, which, as in the tenth commandment, forbids us from coveting our neighbour's things, woman, and servants, and urges us to rejoice with those who rejoice and weep with those who weep, as Apostle Paul said, and to love our neighbours as ourselves. Because brotherly, Christian love banishes definitively envy from our hearts.

In Islam

In Islam, envy (Hassad حسد in Arabic) is an impurity of the heart and can destroy one's good deeds. One must be content with what God has willed and believe in the justice of the creator. A Muslim should not allow his envy to inflict harm upon the envied person.

Muhammad said, "Do not envy each other, do not hate each other, do not oppose each other, and do not cut relations, rather be servants of Allah as brothers. It is not permissible for a Muslim to disassociate from his brother for more than three days such that they meet and one ignores the other, and the best of them is the one who initiates the salaam." Sahih al-Bukhari , Sahih Muslim

A Muslim may wish for himself a blessing like that which someone else has, without wanting it to be taken away from the other person. This is permissible and is not called hasad. Rather, it is called ghibtah.

"There is to be no envy except in two cases: (towards) a person to whom Allah has granted wisdom, and who rules by this and teaches it to the people, and (towards) a person to whom Allah has granted wealth and property along with the power to spend it in the cause of the Truth."

In Buddhism See also: Irshya

In Buddhism, the term irshya is commonly translated as either envy or jealousy. Irshya is defined as a state of mind in which one is highly agitated to obtain wealth and honor for oneself, but unable to bear the excellence of others.

The term mudita (sympathetic joy) is defined as taking joy in the good fortune of others. This virtue is considered the antidote to envy and the opposite of schadenfreude.

Cultural references

In English-speaking cultures, envy is often associated with the color green, as in "green with envy", and yellow. Yellow is the color of ambivalence and contradiction; a color associated with optimism and amusement; but also with betrayal, duplicity, and jealousy. The phrase "green-eyed monster" refers to an individual whose current actions appear motivated by jealousy not envy. This is based on a line from Shakespeare's Othello. Shakespeare mentions it also in The Merchant of Venice when Portia states: "How all the other passions fleet to air, as doubtful thoughts and rash embraced despair and shuddering fear and green-eyed jealousy!"

The character Envy from Fullmetal Alchemist series is one of the seven homunculi named after the seven deadly sins.

The character of Zelena on ABC's Once Upon a Time, takes on the title "The Wicked Witch of the West" after envy itself dyes her skin in the episode "It's Not Easy Being Green".

In Nelson W. Aldrich Jr.'s Old Money, he states that people who suffer from a case of malicious envy are blind to what good things they already have, thinking they have nothing, causing them to feel emptiness and despair.

See also
  • Competition
  • Jealousy
  • Narcissism
  • Penis envy
  • Resentment
  • Self-envy
  • Seven deadly sins
  • Spite (sentiment)
  • Womb and vagina envy
  1. ^ Parrott, W. G.; Smith, R. H. (1993). "Distinguishing the experiences of envy and jealousy". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 64: 906–920. 
  2. ^ Russell, Bertrand (1930). The Conquest of Happiness. New York: H. Liverwright. 
  3. ^ Russell (1930), pp. 90–91
  4. ^ van de Ven N; et al. "Leveling up and down: the experiences of benign and malicious envy.". Emotion. 9: 419–29. PMID 19485619. doi:10.1037/a0015669. 
  5. ^ "Why Envy Motivates Us". 
  6. ^ "Emotional Competency - Envy". www.emotionalcompetency.com. 
  7. ^ "LNCS 7403 - The Hourglass of Emotions" (PDF). Sentic.net. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  8. ^ Yoshimura, C.G (2010). "The experience and communication of envy among siblings, siblings-in-law, and spouses". Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. (subscription required)
  9. ^ Fields, R (2011). "Eat Your Guts Out: Why Envy Hurts and Why It's Good for Your Brain". 
  10. ^ D'Arms, J. (2009). Envy. Unpublished manuscript, Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy, Stanford, Retrieved from Plato.stanford.edu/entries/envy/
  11. ^ a b Hacker, Diana. A Canadian Writer's Reference, 2nd Ed. Nelson Canada, 1996. p. 23.
  12. ^ Lazarus, R. S. (2006). "Emotions and Interpersonal Relationships: Toward a Person-Centered Conceptualization of Emotions and Coping". Journal of Personality. 74 (1): 9–46. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00368.x. 
  13. ^ a b Salovey, P.; Rodin, J. (1988). "Coping with envy and jealousy". Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. 7: 15–33. 
  14. ^ Narcissistic personality disorder - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth edition Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) American Psychiatric Association (2000)
  15. ^ Hotchkiss, Sandy & Masterson, James F. Why Is It Always About You? : The Seven Deadly Sins of Narcissism (2003)
  16. ^ Pedrick, Victoria; Oberhelman, Steven M. (2006). The Soul of Tragedy: Essays on Athenian Drama. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-226-65306-8. 
  17. ^ 2.7.1108b1-10
  18. ^ "1Corinthians 3.3 ESV;NIVUK;ASV;AMP;NKJV - for you are still of the flesh. For - Bible Gateway". 
  19. ^ "Mark 7.14-23 ESV - What Defiles a Person - And he called - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2016-03-23. 
  20. ^ "Luke 11.34-36 ESV - Your eye is the lamp of your body. When - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2016-03-23. 
  21. ^ "Proverbs 17.5 ESV - Whoever mocks the poor insults his - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2016-03-23. 
  22. ^ "Proverbs14.30 ESV - A tranquil heart gives life to the - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2016-03-23. 
  23. ^ "Galatians 5.19-21 ESV, - Now the works of the flesh are evident: - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2016-03-23. 
  24. ^ Romans 1:28-29-32, Bible, English standard Version, 1971, Biblegateway
  25. ^ a b "Ecclesiastes 4.4 ESV - Then I saw that all toil and all skill - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  26. ^ James 4.1-2-3
  27. ^ "Psalm73.3 ESV - For I was envious of the arrogant when - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  28. ^ "Genesis 26.12-16 ESV - And Isaac sowed in that land and reaped - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  29. ^ "Ezekiel31.1-9 ESV - Pharaoh to Be Slain - In the eleventh - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  30. ^ "1Samuel18.5-9 ESV - And David went out and was successful - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  31. ^ "Genesis 30.1-2 ESV - When Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  32. ^ "Genesis 37.1-11 ESV - Joseph's Dreams - Jacob lived in the - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  33. ^ "Acts 7.9 ESV, - "And the patriarchs, jealous of - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  34. ^ "Acts 5.12-20 ESV - Many Signs and Wonders Done - Now many - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  35. ^ "Acts13.44-47 ESV - The next Sabbath almost the whole city - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  36. ^ "Acts 17.1-5 ESV - Paul and Silas in Thessalonica - Now - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  37. ^ "Mark15.6-15 ESV - Pilate Delivers Jesus to Be Crucified - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  38. ^ "Matthew 27.15-26 ESV - The Crowd Chooses Barabbas - Now at the - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  39. ^ "Proverbs23.17 ESV - Let not your heart envy sinners, but - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  40. ^ a b "Proverbs 24.19 ESV - Fret not yourself because of evildoers, - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  41. ^ "Proverbs24.1-2 ESV - Be not envious of evil men, nor desire - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  42. ^ "Psalm 37.1-2 ESV - He Will Not Forsake His Saints - Of - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  43. ^ "Proverbs3.31 ESV - Do not envy a man of violence and do - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  44. ^ a b "Psalm 73". Bible Gateway. 
  45. ^ "Psalm 37". Bible Gateway. 
  46. ^ "Matthew20.1-16 ESV - Laborers in the Vineyard - "For the - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  47. ^ "Matthew18.10-14 ESV - The Parable of the Lost Sheep - "See - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  48. ^ "Luke9.51-56 ESV - A Samaritan Village Rejects Jesus - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  49. ^ "Luke 19.1-10 ESV - Jesus and Zacchaeus - He entered - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  50. ^ "Proverbs 23.6 ESV - Do not eat the bread of a man who is - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  51. ^ "1 Timothy 6.4-5 ESV - he is puffed up with conceit and - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  52. ^ "James 3.13-16 ESV - Wisdom from Above - Who is wise and - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  53. ^ "1 Peter 2.1-2 ESV - A Living Stone and a Holy People - So - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  54. ^ "Job 31". Bible Gateway. 
  55. ^ "Obadiah1.12 ESV - But do not gloat over the day of your - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  56. ^ "2 Corinthians 12.20 ESV - For I fear that perhaps when I come I - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  57. ^ "Galatians5.25-26 ESV - If we live by the Spirit, let us also - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  58. ^ "Titus 3.1-7 ESV - Be Ready for Every Good Work - Remind - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  59. ^ "Romans 13.12-14 ESV - The night is far gone; the day is at - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  60. ^ "Exodus 20.17 ESV - "You shall not covet your neighbor's - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  61. ^ "Deuteronomy5.21 ESV - "‘And you shall not covet your - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  62. ^ "Romans12.15 ESV - Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  63. ^ "Matthew22.34-40 ESV - The Great Commandment - But when the - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  64. ^ "1Corinthians13.1-10 ESV - The Way of Love - If I speak in the - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway. 
  65. ^ a b Eva Heller (2000), Psychologie de la couleur- effets et symboliques, p. 33.
  • Bible, English Standard Version Revised, 1971
Further reading
  • Epstein, Joseph. (2003) Envy: The seven deadly sins. New York, Oxford University Press.
  • Ninivaggi, F.J. (2010) "Envy Theory: Perspectives on the Psychology of Envy". Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Salovey, P. (1991) The Psychology of Jealousy and Envy
  • Schoeck, H. (1969) Envy: A theory of social behavior. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.
  • Smith, R.H. (2008) Envy: Theory and research. New York, Oxford University Press.
  • Westhues, Kenneth (2004) The Envy of Excellence: Administrative Mobbing of High-Achieving Professors. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press.
  • Lindholm, Charles (2016) Generous Envy. Digital Development Debates, issue 17 "Sharing".
External links Wikiquote has quotations related to: Envy Look up envious in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Envy.
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Catholic virtue ethics Great Commandment; "On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets." – Matthew 22:35-40 Theological virtues
  • Faith (Fides)
  • Hope (Spes)
  • Charity (Caritas)
  • Source: Paul the Apostle
    • 1 Corinthians 13
Cardinal virtues
  • Prudence (Prudentia)
  • Justice (Iustitia)
  • Temperance (Temperantia)
  • Fortitude (Fortitudo)
  • Sources: Plato
    • Republic, Book IV
  • Cicero
  • Saint Ambrose
  • Saint Augustine of Hippo
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas
Seven heavenly virtues
  • Chastity (Castitas)
  • Temperance (Temperantia)
  • Charity (Caritas)
  • Diligence (Industria)
  • Patience (Patientia)
  • Kindness (Humanitas)
  • Humility (Humilitas)
  • Source: Church Fathers
Seven deadly sins
  • Lust (Luxuria)
  • Gluttony (Gula)
  • Greed (Avaritia)
  • Sloth (Acedia)
  • Wrath (Ira)
  • Envy (Invidia)
  • Pride (Superbia)
  • Source: Prudentius, Psychomachia
  • People: Evagrius Ponticus
  • Saint John Cassian
  • Pope Saint Gregory I
  • Dante Alighieri
  • Peter Binsfeld
Related concepts
  • Ten Commandments
  • Four last things
  • Sin
    • Christian views on sin
    • Original sin
  • Christian views on the Old Covenant
  • Hamartiology
  • Latin name in bracketed italics
  • Catholic philosophy
  • Catholic social teaching
  • Philosophy portal
  • Catholicism portal
  • v
  • t
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Emotions (list) Emotions
  • Adoration
  • Affection
  • Agitation
  • Agony
  • Amusement
  • Anger
  • Anguish
  • Annoyance
  • Anxiety
  • Apathy
  • Arousal
  • Attraction
  • Awe
  • Boredom
  • Calmness
  • Compassion
  • Contempt
  • Contentment
  • Defeat
  • Depression
  • Desire
  • Disappointment
  • Disgust
  • Ecstasy
  • Embarrassment
  • Empathy
  • Enthrallment
  • Enthusiasm
  • Envy
  • Euphoria
  • Excitement
  • Fear
  • Frustration
  • Gratitude
  • Grief
  • Guilt
  • Happiness
  • Hatred
  • Homesickness
  • Hope
  • Horror
  • Hostility
  • Humiliation
  • Hysteria
  • Infatuation
  • Insecurity
  • Insult
  • Interest
  • Irritation
  • Isolation
  • Jealousy
  • Joy
  • Loneliness
  • Longing
  • Love
  • Lust
  • Melancholy
  • Mono no aware
  • Neglect
  • Nostalgia
  • Panic
  • Passion
  • Pity
  • Pleasure
  • Pride
    • hubris
  • Rage
  • Regret
  • Rejection
  • Remorse
  • Resentment
  • Sadness
  • Saudade
  • Schadenfreude
  • Sehnsucht
  • Sentimentality
  • Shame
  • Shock
  • Shyness
  • Sorrow
  • Spite
  • Stress
  • Suffering
  • Surprise
  • Sympathy
  • Tenseness
  • Wonder
  • Worry
World views
  • Cynicism
  • Defeatism
  • Nihilism
  • Optimism
  • Pessimism
  • Reclusion
  • Weltschmerz
Authority control
  • GND: 4171414-3
  • NDL: 00571285

Envy Series 5 Prodigy (Black OilSlick)
Envy Series 5 Prodigy (Black OilSlick)
Envy S5 Prodigy

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#1 New York Times bestselling author Sandra Brown thrills readers with this explosive tale of a long-ago crime and the victim's plan for revenge . . . Maris Matherly-Reed is a renowned New York book editor, the daughter of a publisher and the wife of bestselling author Noah Reed. It isn't often that an unsolicited submission so captivates her that she feels she must immediately meet its author. But Maris has just received a tantalizing partial manuscript submitted by a writer identified only as P.M.E., with the return address of an obscure island off the Georgia coast. P.M.E.'s blockbuster potential-and perhaps something else-compels Maris to search for him.On an eerie, ruined cotton plantation, she finds Parker Evans, a man determined to conceal his identity as well as his past. Working with him chapter by chapter, Maris is riveted by his tale of two friends who charter a boat with a young woman for a night of revelry...an excursion from which only one person returns.As the story unfolds, Maris becomes convinced it is more than just fiction. Disturbed about her growing attraction to Parker and gripped by a chilling suspicion about his novel's characters, she searches for the undisclosed truth about a crime committed decades ago. Then someone close to her dies, while even closer looms the presence of evil-a man who will use her, or anyone, to get what he wants...

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Envy Series 2 Colt Scooter (Blue)
Envy Series 2 Colt Scooter (Blue)
Colt S2 The Series 2 Colt has had some serious upgrades this year. The upgrades accommodate towards the younger rider advancing into the more intermediate level. The New Colt S2 comes with the Prodigy deck from last year, 4.7" wide x 19.5" long and is now front plate ready. The Colt S2 bar has been made higher than previous now coming in at 22.8" high x 20.5" wide, it also comes with 110mm wheels for speed and performance.  The Colt S2 scooter is perfect for the younger rider looking to progress in the sport!

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ENVY: A Theory of Social Behaviour
ENVY: A Theory of Social Behaviour
Modern Political Philosophy

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Envy (DVD)Barry Levinson directed this comedy in which success has a rather surpri sing effect on two old buddies. Nick Vanderpark (Jack Black) and Tim Di ngman (Ben Stiller) are best friends and next-door neighbors who work to gether at a sandpaper factory. Nick and Tim often find themselves wishi ng for something more from life, and Nick has a habit of dreaming up har ebrained get-rich-quick schemes that u sually end in disaster. Tim is pa rticularly appalled by Nick's latest idea, "Vapoorizer," a cleaning prod uct which will make pet fec es magically disappear, but to their shock, it turns out to be an incredible success, and before long Nick is wealth y beyond his wil dest dreams. Tim, however, is still the same guy gettin g by in suburbia he's always been, and soon Tim finds himself bitterly r esent ful of his old friend. As Nick gets richer, Tim gets angrier, and he develops a drinking problem. One night, in a bar, Tim meets an eccent ric drifter (Christopher Walken) who offers him some not-so-friendly adv ice on getting even with his old friend. Envy also sta rs Rachel Weisz a nd Amy Poehler as Tim and Nick's much-put-upon spouses.]]>

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Envy Series 6 Prodigy (Oil Slick)
Envy Series 6 Prodigy (Oil Slick)
The Envy Prodigy is back with Series 6. Envy Prodigy is the #1 freestyle scooter sold worldwide. This year's release has some awesome colorways on quality hardware 4130 Cro-Mo for the Prodigy Bars with its classic gusted design. TPR Hand Grips that are soft but extremely durable at 160mm long they give the perfect amount coverage. Two Bolt 6061 Aluminum Clamp with 6mm bolts for ease of installation. Brand new Prodigy Forks made from the best 6061 grade Aluminum with a high-quality color finish. 120mm 6063 Aluminum Extruded core with the best 86a grade Polyurethane with performance bonding to reduce the risk of de-hubbing. The deck is the favorite Prodigy 6061-T6 Extruded Aluminum deck either wrapped or painted in high quality finishes, CNC 82.5 degrees Headtube finished off with Nylon Front Plate and rear inserts. This is the perfect scooter for the intermediate to advanced rider ready to progress their rider to the next level.

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Envy: A Novel of the Fallen Angels
Envy: A Novel of the Fallen Angels
A man and a woman tread the lines of danger, desire, and deliverance in this novel of the Fallen Angels—from the #1 New York Times bestselling author of the Black Dagger Brotherhood series.As the son of a serial killer, homicide detective Thomas “Veck” DelVecchio, Jr., grew up in the shadow of evil. Now, on the knife-edge between civic duty and blind retribution, he atones for the sins of his father—while fighting his inner demons. Assigned to monitor Veck is Internal Affairs officer Sophia Reilly, whose interest in him is both professional and arousingly personal. And Veck and Sophia have another link: Jim Heron, a mysterious stranger with too many answers to questions that are deadly. When Veck and Sophia are drawn into the ultimate battle between good and evil, their fallen angel savior is the only thing that stands between them and eternal damnation.

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Envy: The Enemy Within
Envy: The Enemy Within
Envy might well be termed the silent sin. Because while all of us envy others to some extent, few of us acknowledge our problem out loud, let alone try to overcome it and move forward. Bob Sorge draws upon his own pastoral experience--plus the admitted burden of his own envy--to show why and how it can adversely affect the ministry of a church and even prevent revival in people's lives. Sorge reveals why comparison of our ministry and spiritual gifts to that of our fellow believers is to be avoided at all costs so that we do not hamstring God's plan for our growth and the accomplishment of His purposes. This is a must-read for leaders of all churches, great and small--and anyone who wants the peace that comes with a life free of envy.

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