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Hole punch
A hole punch (also known as a hole puncher) is a common office tool that is used to create holes in sheets of paper, often for the purpose of collecting

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This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article is about an office tool or handtool for sheet materials. For the industrial drilling of holes through many sheets of paper, see Paper drilling. "Hole punching" redirects here. For the technique used in computer networks, see Hole punching (networking). A single and a 3-hole paper punch in front of a tape measure (in inches) to show approximate size Common hole positions

A hole punch (also known as a hole puncher) is a common office tool that is used to create holes in sheets of paper, often for the purpose of collecting the sheets in a binder or folder. ,A leather punch, of different construction from one designed for paper, is used for leather goods, cloth, or thin plastic sheeting. Hole punch tools are also made for use on sheet metal, such as aluminum siding or metal air ducts.

Contents
  • 1 Mechanism
  • 2 Standards
    • 2.1 International
      • 2.1.1 ISO 838
    • 2.2 North America
      • 2.2.1 4-hole system
      • 2.2.2 3-hole system
      • 2.2.3 2-hole filebinder
    • 2.3 Sweden
    • 2.4 Chart
  • 3 Uses of hole punches
    • 3.1 Single hole punches
    • 3.2 From single hole punches to decorative punches
      • 3.2.1 Eyelet punch
    • 3.3 Multiple hole punches
    • 3.4 Paper drills
  • 4 History
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Mechanism Standards International ISO 838

4-hole system

For USA Legal Size paper format traditionally 4 holes has been used in the past and still in use today but not as common as its sibling the standard 3 holes (see below). The 4 holes are preferred due to the extra long length of 14-inch side of the paper where the 4 holes would be placed. Binders with 4 rings gives the paper better support in the binder. Were the documents only punched with 3 holes, this would allow sagging of the paper at the top part of the binder above the top ring. The 4 holes are positioned symmetrically with centers 3.5 inches (89 mm) apart.

3-hole system

In regions that use the US Letter paper format ; United States, Canada, and in part Mexico and the Philippines), a three-hole standard is widely used. The holes are positioned symmetrically, with the centers 4.25 inches (108 mm) apart. The diameter of the holes varies between manufacturers, with typical values being 1⁄4 to 5⁄16 inch (6.4 to 7.9 mm). The 5/16 value is most commonly used, as it allows for looser tolerances in both ring binder and paper punching. The distance of the hole center to the paper edge also varies, with 1⁄2 inch (13 mm) being a typical value. Unlike ISO 838, this 3-hole system appears to have no well-established official specification, and is a de facto standard established by custom and tradition. It can only be applied to paper formats that are at least 9.5 inches (240 mm) high.it is one of the important element in this days.

2-hole filebinder

Another standard also occasionally used in the US is a "filebinder" system. Its two holes are positioned symmetrically, with the centers 2.75 inches (70 mm) apart.

Sweden Hole punch and holes, triohålning system

In Sweden, a four-hole national standard is almost exclusively used. The centers of the holes are 21mm, 70mm and 21 mm apart. The guides help keep the paper in a straight line.

The official name of this four-hole system is triohålning, since it was adapted to the "Trio binder" which was awarded Swedish patent in 1890. The binder's inventor, Andreas Tengwall, supposedly named it after a consortium consisting of himself and two companions, i.e. a trio. The binder can be opened at any place while holding the papers in place, as the inner holes have guide pins from one side, the outer holes have pins from the other side.

Chart Commonly used hole patterns for hole punches and ring binders

Uses of hole punches Single hole punches

Single hole punches are often used to punch a ticket, which indicates it has been used, or to make confetti when creating scrapbooks and other paper crafts. For applications needing a variety of hole shapes, a ticket punch may be used. A single hole punch differs from a ticket punch in having a shorter reach and no choice of hole shape.

In the United States, single hole punches are often used to punch holes through playing cards, marking them as "used" or "canceled". This helps cut down on cheating by eliminating any cards that may have been tainted by players. Paper drilling is also popular for this purpose.

Single hole punches are widely used in the UK Civil Service where papers are punched with a single hole in the upper left, and secured using a treasury tag.

From single hole punches to decorative punches

In 1992, a young woman and professional paper-craft-artist, Bernadette Chenard, who originally used leather punches and standard hole punches to create shapes from paper, grew tired of the sound of the hammer pounding to the paper and the difficulty achieving professional results. In search of a solution, Bernadette contacted many die companies in the hope of purchasing some small decorative punches not aware there was none such for home use. Having been repeatedly told that decorative die punches were only used by large manufacturers such as Hallmark, she finally contacted the president of one of the largest die manufacturing facilities in the U.S. and shared her concept and suggestion that making small decorative paper punches available to the general public would prove to be a successful market. A year later the first decorative paper punches appeared on the market and a new generational trend was born.

Eyelet punch Eyelet punch press

A related office tool is the eyelet punch. This is a single-hole punch which also crimps a metal fastening loop around the hole. It is used to permanently secure a few sheets of paper together which must not be separated or modified.

A similar tool, generally known as a holing pincer, is used in animal husbandry. A common application is to attach an ear tag to a livestock animal.

Multiple hole punches

Multiple hole punches typically make between one and eight holes at one time, the placement of which matches the spacing of the rings in a binder. For example, the filofax system uses six holes in two groups of three. In much of the world, two-hole and four-hole punches consistent with ISO 838 are the norm.

In the US, the three-hole punch is most common. Less frequently seen is the two-hole filebinder punch.

In Japan, loose leaf in A4 and JIS B5 sizes (for binders) usually has 30 and 26 holes respectively according to the standard JIS Z 8303 (section 11); which specifies holes of 6±0.5mm of diameter, with their centers every 9.5±1mm, and a distance of 6.5±0.5mm from the center of the holes to the edge of the paper with the additional restriction that the holes must be placed in positions symmetric to the axis across the middle of the page.

To prepare documents for comb binding there are special 19-hole punches for letter paper and 23-hole punches for A4 paper. The holes are usually rectangular in shape, to accommodate the plastic binding combs. Specialized punches are also used for the similar but incompatible coil binding process.

There are office models available for the perforation of 1 to 150 sheets of paper, and industrial models for up to 470 sheets. Most multiple-hole and many single-hole punches accumulate the waste paper circles (chads) in a chamber, which must be periodically emptied in order to allow the continued operation of the punch. For large stacks of paper, a process of drilling may work better than punching.

Paper drills Main article: Paper drilling Industrial paper drill

Paper drills are machines similar to a drill press that use hollow drill bits to drill through stacks of paper. The hollow bit design allows the chads to be ejected during drilling. Paper drills in the United States are most commonly either single-hole or three-hole in construction.

History This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2015)

The origins of the hole punch date back to Germany via Matthias Theel, where two early patents for a device designed to "punch holes in paper" have since been discovered. Friedrich Soennecken filed his patent on November 14, 1886, for his Papierlocher für Sammelmappen.

A Google Doodle was used on 14 November 2017 to celebrate the 131st anniversary of the hole punch.

See also
  • Needle punch
  • Punched card
  • Punched tape
  • Perforation
  • Ring binder
  • Ticket punch
  • Chad (paper)
References
  1. ^ "Appletonideas Punch Resources" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  2. ^ JIS Q 8303 (in Japanese), retrieved 2015-04-11 
  3. ^ 160 Sheet Hole Punch: https://bostitchoffice.com/xtreme-duty-adjustable-hole-punch-2-3-holes.html
  4. ^ br-online (German) Archived 2004-09-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Poppelsdorf:Soennecken
  6. ^ Steenks, Gerben (Doodle artist) (14 November 2017). "131st Anniversary of the Hole Puncher". www.google.com. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  • US Patent No. 313,027
External links
  • Media related to hole punchers at Wikimedia Commons
  • Simple instructions for using hole punches for card making
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