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Pacific Islands
The Pacific Islands are the islands of the Pacific Ocean. Three major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean are Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia. Depending

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For the video game, see Pacific Islands (video game). Three of the major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean.

The Pacific Islands are the islands of the Pacific Ocean. Three major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean are Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia.

Depending on the context, Pacific Islands may refer to countries and islands with common Austronesian origins, islands once or currently colonized, or Oceania.

  • 1 Name ambiguity
  • 2 Pacific islands by area (over 10,000 square kilometers)
  • 3 List of islands
    • 3.1 Pacific islands by continent
      • 3.1.1 Antarctica
      • 3.1.2 Asia
      • 3.1.3 North America
      • 3.1.4 Oceania
      • 3.1.5 South America
  • 4 See also
  • 5 Footnotes
  • 6 References

Name ambiguity

In English, the umbrella term Pacific Islands may take on several meanings. Sometimes it refers to only those islands covered by the continent of Oceania. In some common uses, the term "Pacific Islands" refers to the islands of the Pacific Ocean once colonized by the British, French, Dutch, United States, and Japanese, such as the Pitcairn Islands, Taiwan, and Borneo. In other uses it may refer to islands with Austronesian heritage like Taiwan, Indonesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Myanmar islands, which found their genesis in the Neolithic cultures of the island of Taiwan. There are many other islands located within the boundaries of the Pacific Ocean that are not considered part of Oceania. These islands include the Galápagos Islands of Ecuador; the Aleutian Islands in Alaska, United States; Vancouver Island in Canada; the Russian islands of Sakhalin and Kuril Islands; the island nation of Taiwan and other islands of the Republic of China; the Philippines; islands in the South China Sea, which includes the disputed South China Sea Islands; most of the islands of Indonesia; and the island nation of Japan, which comprises the Japanese Archipelago.

Pacific islands by area (over 10,000 square kilometers)

This list includes all islands found in the geographic Pacific Ocean, with an area larger than 10,000 square kilometers.

Name Area (km2) Country or Countries Population Population Density Notes New Guinea 785,753 Indonesia & Papua New Guinea 7,500,000 9.544 Honshu 227,960 Japan 103,000,000 451.8 Sulawesi 174,600 Indonesia 18,455,000 105.7 South Island 145,836 New Zealand 1,038,600 7.122 North Island 111,583 New Zealand 3,393,900 30.42 Luzon 109,965 Philippines 48,520,000 441.2 Mindanao 104,530 Philippines 25,281,000 241.9 Tasmania 90,758 Australia 514,700 5.671 Hokkaido 77,981 Japan 5,474,000 70.2 Sakhalin 72,493 Russia 580,000 8.001 Taiwan 35,883 Republic of China (Taiwan) 23,000,000 641 Kyushu 35,640 Japan 13,231,000 371.2 Hainan 35,400 People's Republic of China 8,900,000 251.4 New Britain 35,145 Papua New Guinea 513,926 14.62 Vancouver Island 31,285 Canada 759,366 24.27 Shikoku 18,800 Japan 4,141,955 220.3 New Caledonia 16,648 France 208,709 12.54 Palawan 12,189 Philippines 430,000 35.28 Viti Levu 10,531 Fiji 600,000 56.97 Hawaii 10,434 United States of America 185,079 17.74 List of islands Main article: List of islands in the Pacific Ocean Pacific islands by continent Antarctica
  • List of islands of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean
  • List of islands of Asia
North America
  • List of islands of North America
  • List of islands of Central America
  • List of islands of Canada, section British Columbia
  • List of islands of Mexico
  • List of islands of the United States
  • List of islands of Australia
  • List of islands of Kiribati
  • List of islands of New Zealand
  • List of islands of the Marshall Islands
  • List of islands of the Solomon Islands
  • List of islands of Tonga
  • List of islands of Tuvalu
  • List of islands of Vanuatu
  • List of islands of France, section Pacific Islands
  • List of islands of the Pitcairn Islands
  • List of islands of Hawaii
  • List of islands of the United States, section Insular areas
South America
  • List of islands of South America
  • List of islands of Chile
  • List of islands of Colombia
  • List of islands of Ecuador
  • List of islands of Peru
See also
  • List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands
  • List of islands in the Arctic Ocean
  • List of islands in the Atlantic Ocean
  • List of islands in the Indian Ocean
  • List of islands (islands around the world)
  • List of island countries
  1. ^ D'Arcy, Paul (March 2006). The People of the Sea: Environment, Identity, and History in Oceania. University Of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-3297-1. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Rapaport, Moshe (April 2013). The Pacific Islands: Environment and Society, Revised Edition. University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-6584-9. JSTOR j.ctt6wqh08. This is the only contemporary text on the Pacific Islands that covers both environment and sociocultural issues and will thus be indispensable for any serious student of the region. Unlike other reviews, it treats the entirety of Oceania (with the exception of Australia) and is well illustrated with numerous photos and maps, including a regional atlas.  – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  3. ^ Wright, John K. (July 1942). "Pacific Islands". Geographical Review. 32 (3): 481–486. JSTOR 210391. doi:10.2307/210391.  – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  4. ^ Blundell, David (January 2011). "Taiwan Austronesian Language Heritage Connecting Pacific Island Peoples: Diplomacy and Values" (PDF). IJAPS. 7 (1): 75–91. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  • William Collins Sons & Co Ltd (1983), Collins Atlas of the World (revised 1995 ed.), London W6 8JB: HarperCollins, ISBN 0-00-448227-1 
  • v
  • t
  • e
Countries and territories of Oceania Sovereign states Entire
  • Australia
  • Federated States of Micronesia
  • Fiji
  • Kiribati
  • Marshall Islands
  • Nauru
  • New Zealand
  • Palau
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Samoa
  • Solomon Islands
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • Vanuatu
In part
  • Chile
    • Easter Island
    • Juan Fernández Islands
  • Indonesia
    • West Papua
    • Papua
  • Japan
    • Ogasawara
  • United States
    • Hawaii
    • Palmyra Atoll
Associated states
of New Zealand
  • Niue
  • Cook Islands
Dependencies and
other territories Australia
  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands
  • Christmas Island
  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands
  • Coral Sea Islands
  • Norfolk Island
United States
  • American Samoa
  • Baker Island
  • Guam
  • Howland Island
  • Jarvis Island
  • Johnston Atoll
  • Kingman Reef
  • Midway Atoll
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Wake Island
  • French Polynesia / New Caledonia / Wallis and Futuna
    • France
  • Tokelau
    • New Zealand
  • Pitcairn Islands
    • UK
  • v
  • t
  • e
Regions of Oceania Australasia
  • Gulf of Carpentaria
  • New Guinea
    • Bonis Peninsula
    • Papuan Peninsula
    • Huon Peninsula
    • Huon Gulf
    • Bird's Head Peninsula
    • Gazelle Peninsula
  • New Zealand
    • South Island
    • North Island
      • Coromandel Peninsula
  • Zealandia
  • New Caledonia
  • Solomon Islands (archipelago)
  • Vanuatu
    • Kula Gulf
  • Australia
  • Capital Country
  • Eastern Australia
  • Lake Eyre basin
  • Murray–Darling basin
  • Northern Australia
  • Nullarbor Plain
  • Outback
  • Southern Australia
    • Maralinga
  • Sunraysia
  • Great Victoria Desert
  • Gulf of Carpentaria
  • Gulf St Vincent
  • Lefevre Peninsula
  • Fleurieu Peninsula
  • Yorke Peninsula
  • Eyre Peninsula
  • Mornington Peninsula
  • Bellarine Peninsula
  • Mount Henry Peninsula
  • Islands Region
    • Bismarck Archipelago
    • Solomon Islands Archipelago
  • Fiji
  • New Caledonia
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Vanuatu
  • Caroline Islands
    • Federated States of Micronesia
    • Palau
  • Guam
  • Kiribati
  • Marshall Islands
  • Nauru
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Wake Island
  • Easter Island
  • Hawaiian Islands
  • Cook Islands
  • French Polynesia
    • Austral Islands
    • Gambier Islands
    • Marquesas Islands
    • Society Islands
    • Tuamotu
  • Kermadec Islands
  • Mangareva Islands
  • Samoa
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • Ring of Fire
Authority control
  • WorldCat Identities
  • VIAF: 252978326
  • NDL: 00572514

The Conquering Tide: War in the Pacific Islands, 1942-1944
The Conquering Tide: War in the Pacific Islands, 1942-1944
New York TimesBestseller “A beautiful blend of history and prose and proves again Mr. Toll’s mastery of the naval-war narrative.” ―Wall Street JournalThis masterful history encompasses the heart of the Pacific War―the period between mid-1942 and mid-1944―when parallel Allied counteroffensives north and south of the equator washed over Japan's far-flung island empire like a "conquering tide," concluding with Japan's irreversible strategic defeat in the Marianas. It was the largest, bloodiest, most costly, most technically innovative and logistically complicated amphibious war in history, and it fostered bitter interservice rivalries, leaving wounds that even victory could not heal.Often overlooked, these are the years and fights that decided the Pacific War. Ian W. Toll's battle scenes―in the air, at sea, and in the jungles―are simply riveting. He also takes the reader into the wartime councils in Washington and Tokyo where politics and strategy often collided, and into the struggle to mobilize wartime production, which was the secret of Allied victory. Brilliantly researched, the narrative is propelled and colored by firsthand accounts―letters, diaries, debriefings, and memoirs―that are the raw material of the telling details, shrewd judgment, and penetrating insight of this magisterial history.This volume―continuing the "marvelously readable dramatic narrative" (San Francisco Chronicle) of Pacific Crucible―marks the second installment of the Pacific War Trilogy, which will stand as the first history of the entire Pacific War to be published in at least twenty-five years. 32 pages of illustrations

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Island Hopping across the Pacific Theater in World War II: The History of America’s Victorious Leapfrogging Strategy against Imperial Japan
Island Hopping across the Pacific Theater in World War II: The History of America’s Victorious Leapfrogging Strategy against Imperial Japan
*Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the fighting *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading The waters of the Pacific Ocean – stretching deep blue under the tropical sun, or scourged by typhoons – provided World War II's most far-flung battlefield. Two of the world's premier mid 20th century maritime powers, the United States of American and the Empire of Japan, grappled for supremacy across that vast expanse. By the time the Battle of Midway was over in June 1942, the defeat was so devastating for Japan that it was actually kept secret from all but the highest echelons of the Japanese government. Along with the loss of hundreds of aircraft and over 3,000 men killed, the four Japanese aircraft carriers lost, when compared to America’s one lost carrier, was critical considering America’s huge shipbuilding superiority. The protagonists at Midway were putting into practice a newly emerging naval doctrine, one which ultimately meted out a terrible punishment to the side that miscalculated. Carrier versus carrier combat had come of age. From that point forward, it would be the Americans who operated aggressively across the Pacific. The Guadalcanal Campaign, which ran from August 1942 to February 1943, was a bitter and protracted struggle that also happened to be a strange and transitional confrontation quite unlike any other in the long Pacific War. In conjunction with the American victory at the Battle of Midway, Guadalcanal represented the crucial moment when the balance of power in the Pacific tipped in favor of the Allies, but the idea that Guadalcanal would be such a significant battle would have come as a surprise to military strategists and planners on both sides. By the spring of 1943, American military planners had begun to create a plan to dislodge Japan from east and southeast Asia. To do so, parts of the Philippines were considered main strategic points in the potential Allied attack in the Pacific. The end goal of the Allied plan was an invasion of the Japanese home islands, in which heavy aerial bombardment would precede a ground assault. In order for this to occur, Allied forces would have to occupy areas surrounding Japan, with China adding to Luzon (the largest island in the Philippines) and Formosa (a large island off the coast of China) to create a triangle from which they could launch their bombers. The Allied advance across the Pacific was based on this 1943 plan, with General MacArthur and his forces moving to the north through New Guinea, then Morotai Island, and then to Mindanao, which was the southernmost major island in the Philippines chain. At the same time, Admiral Chester Nimitz sent his fleet through the central Pacific, where they engaged Japanese forces at the Gilbert, Marshall, Marianas and Palau Islands en route to Mindanao. Meanwhile, when Admiral Nimitz was directed to capture an island in the Bonin group, Iwo Jima stood out for its importance in making progress against the mainland, with three airfields that would allow American air forces to attack the Japanese mainland. Near the end of 1944, as Allied forces were pushing across the Pacific and edging ever closer to Japan, plans were drawn up to invade the Ryuku islands, the most prominent of them being Okinawa. Military planners anticipated that an amphibious campaign would last a week, but instead of facing 60,000 Japanese defenders as estimated, there were closer to 120,000 on the island at the beginning of the campaign in April 1945. The Battle of Okinawa was the largest amphibious operation in the Pacific theater, and it would last nearly 3 months and wind up being the fiercest in the Pacific theater during the war, with nearly 60,000 American casualties and over 100,000 Japanese soldiers killed. In addition, the battle resulted in an estimated 40,000-150,000 Japanese civilian casualties.

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Crashback: The Power Clash Between the U.S. and China in the Pacific
Crashback: The Power Clash Between the U.S. and China in the Pacific
An alarming message from an award-winning journalist with unprecedented access to the highest naval officers in America and China and their ships and weapons, this is a chilling look at the “warm war” over control of the South China Sea—one that is threatening to flare into full-scale conflict.Out in the Pacific Ocean, there is a war taking place. It is a “warm war,” a shoving match between the United States, since WWII the uncontested ruler of the seas, and China, which now possesses the world’s largest navy. The Chinese regard the Pacific, and especially the South China Sea, as their ocean, and they’re ready to defend it. Each day the heat between the two countries increases as the Chinese try to claim the South China Sea for their own, and the United States insists on asserting freedom of navigation. Throughout Southern Asia, countries such as Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea respond with outrage and growing fear as China turns coral reefs into manmade islands capable of supporting airstrips and then attempts to enforce twelve-mile-radius, shoot-down zones. The immediate danger is that the five trillion dollars in international trade that passes through the area will grind to a standstill. The ultimate danger is that the US and China will be drawn into all-out war. Pulitzer Prize-nominated journalist Michael Fabey has had unprecedented access to the Navy’s most exotic aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, aircraft, and submarines, as well as those who command them. He was among the only journalists allowed to board a Chinese war vessel and observe its operations. In Crashback, Fabey describes how every year the US is “losing sea.” He predicts the next great struggle between military superpowers will play out in the Pacific, and his book, more than any other, is an accurate preview of how that conflict might unfold.

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Islands of the Damned: A Marine at War in the Pacific
Islands of the Damned: A Marine at War in the Pacific
The true story of R.V. Burgin, the real-life World War II Marine Corps hero featured in HBO®'s The Pacific. “Read his story and marvel at the man...and those like him.”—Tom Hanks When R.V. Burgin joined the U.S. Marines on November 13th, 1942, he never imagined what was waiting for him and his fellow riflemen in the Pacific Islands during World War II. From New Britain through Peleliu to Okinawa, Burgin’s platoon, Company K, Third Battalion, Fifth Marine Regiment, First Marine Division, encountered a ferocious, committed, and desperate enemy in the Japanese—engaging them in some of the most harrowing and horrifying conflicts of the war.  In this harrowing memoir, R.V. Burgin reveals his experiences as a marine at war in the Pacific Theater. Schooled in Melbourne, Australia, by the veterans who had just returned from combat in Guadalcanal, Company K confronted snipers, ambushes along narrow jungle trails, abandoned corpses of hara-kiri victims, and howling banzai attacks as they island-hopped from one bloody battle to the next. During his two years of service, Burgin rose from a green private to a seasoned sergeant, and earned a Bronze Star for his valor at Okinawa.   With unforgettable drama and an understated elegance, Burgin’s gripping narrative chronicles the waning days of World War II, bringing to life the hell that was the Pacific War.

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Pacific Alamo: The Battle for Wake Island
Pacific Alamo: The Battle for Wake Island
It happened in the shadow of Pearl Harbor-mere hours after the first attack on the day that would "live in infamy." But few know the full story of Wake Island. Now a prominent military historian, breaking new ground on the assault, relates the compelling events of that day and the heroic struggle that followed. Thanks to the brave Marines stationed there-and the civilian construction workers who selflessly put their lives on the line to defend the island-what was supposed to be an easy victory became a protracted and costly battle for Imperial Japan. This is the story of that battle, from survivors on both sides, and with a gallery of historic photos.

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Midnight in the Pacific: Guadalcanal--The World War II Battle That Turned the Tide of War
Midnight in the Pacific: Guadalcanal--The World War II Battle That Turned the Tide of War
A sweeping narrative history--the first in over twenty years--of America's first major offensive of World War II, the brutal, no-quarter-given campaign to take Japanese-occupied GuadalcanalFrom early August until mid-November of 1942, US Marines, sailors, and pilots struggled for dominance against an implacable enemy: Japanese soldiers, inculcated with the bushido tradition of death before dishonor, avatars of bayonet combat--close-up, personal, and gruesome. The glittering prize was Henderson Airfield. Japanese planners knew that if they neutralized the airfield, the battle was won. So did the Marines who stubbornly defended it.The outcome of the long slugfest remained in doubt under the pressure of repeated Japanese air, land, and sea operations. And losses were heavy. At sea, in a half-dozen fiery combats, the US Navy fought the Imperial Japanese Navy to a draw, but at a cost of more than 4,500 sailors. More American sailors died in these battles off Guadalcanal than in all previous US wars, and each side lost 24 warships. On land, more than 1,500 soldiers and Marines died, and the air war claimed more than 500 US planes. Japan's losses on the island were equally devastating--starving Japanese soldiers called it "the island of death."But when the attritional struggle ended, American Marines, sailors, and airmen had halted the Japanese juggernaut that for five years had whirled through Asia and the Pacific. Guadalcanal was America's first major ground victory against Japan and, most importantly, the Pacific War's turning point.Published on the 75th anniversary of the battle and utilizing vivid accounts written by the combatants at Guadalcanal, along with Marine Corps and Army archives and oral histories, Midnight in the Pacific is both a sweeping narrative and a compelling drama of individual Marines, soldiers, and sailors caught in the crosshairs of history.

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Pacific Legend Hawaiian Shirts Hibiscus Island in Navy XL 410-2798
Pacific Legend Hawaiian Shirts Hibiscus Island in Navy XL 410-2798
This Hawaiian shirt is great for those hot summer days, not only cool you down when you put one on but it also brighten your day as well. This Tropical shirt is made in Hawaii by Pacific Legend. Colors are vibrant and dazzling, comfortable and affordable.

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Pacific Diaspora: Island Peoples in the United States and Across the Pacific
Pacific Diaspora: Island Peoples in the United States and Across the Pacific
Pacific Islander Americans constitute one of the United States' least understood ethnic groups. As expected, stereotypes abound: Samoans are good at football; Hawaiians make the best surfers; all Tahitians dance. Although Pacific history, society, and culture have been the subjects of much scholarly research and writing, the lives of Pacific Islanders in the diaspora (particularly in the U.S.) have received far less attention. The contributors to this volume of articles and essays compiled by the Pacific Islander Americans Research Project hope to rectify this oversight.Pacific Diaspora brings together the individual and community histories of Pacific Island peoples in the U.S. It is designed for use in Pacific and ethnic studies courses, but it will also find an audience among those with a general interest in Pacific Islander Americans.Contributors: Keoni Kealoha Agard, Melani Anae, Kekuni Blaisdell, John Connell, Wendy Cowling, Vincente M. Diaz, Michael Kioni Dudley, Dianna Fitisemanu, Inoke Funaki, Lupe Funaki, Karina Kahananui Green, David Hall, Jay Hartwell, Craig R. Janes, George H. S. Kanahele, Davianna Pomoaikai McGregor, Brucetta McKenzie, Helen Morton, Dorri Nautu, Tupou Hopoate Pauu, A. Ravuvu, Carol E. Robertson, Joanne Rondilla, E. Victoria Shook, Paul Spickard, Haunani-Kay Trask, Debbie Hippolite Wright.

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Islands In The Sun 2018 Wall Calendar (CA0139)
Islands In The Sun 2018 Wall Calendar (CA0139)
In the 2018 Islands in the Sun wall calendar, we've assembled the world's most beautiful islands, secluded beaches, and inspiring quotes. Here, peace and tranquility reign, and will afford you a mental escape to an enchanting tropical isle - any time of the year!

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