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Pacific Islands
The Pacific Islands are the islands of the Pacific Ocean. Three major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean are Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia. Depending

View Wikipedia Article

For the video game, see Pacific Islands (video game). Three of the major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean.

The Pacific Islands are the islands of the Pacific Ocean. Three major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean are Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia.

Depending on the context, Pacific Islands may refer to countries and islands with common Austronesian origins, islands once or currently colonized, or Oceania.

Contents
  • 1 Name ambiguity
  • 2 Pacific islands by area (over 10,000 square kilometers)
  • 3 List of islands
    • 3.1 Pacific islands by continent
      • 3.1.1 Antarctica
      • 3.1.2 Asia
      • 3.1.3 North America
      • 3.1.4 Oceania
      • 3.1.5 South America
  • 4 See also
  • 5 Footnotes
  • 6 References

Name ambiguity

In English, the umbrella term Pacific Islands may take on several meanings. Sometimes it refers to only those islands covered by the continent of Oceania. In some common uses, the term "Pacific Islands" refers to the islands of the Pacific Ocean once colonized by the British, French, Dutch, United States, and Japanese, such as the Pitcairn Islands, Taiwan, and Borneo. In other uses it may refer to islands with Austronesian heritage like Taiwan, Indonesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Myanmar islands, which found their genesis in the Neolithic cultures of the island of Taiwan. There are many other islands located within the boundaries of the Pacific Ocean that are not considered part of Oceania. These islands include the Galápagos Islands of Ecuador; the Aleutian Islands in Alaska, United States; Vancouver Island in Canada; the Russian islands of Sakhalin and Kuril Islands; the island nation of Taiwan and other islands of the Republic of China; the Philippines; islands in the South China Sea, which includes the disputed South China Sea Islands; most of the islands of Indonesia; and the island nation of Japan, which comprises the Japanese Archipelago.

Pacific islands by area (over 10,000 square kilometers)

This list includes all islands found in the geographic Pacific Ocean, with an area larger than 10,000 square kilometers.

Name Area (km2) Country or Countries Population Population Density Notes New Guinea 785,753 Indonesia & Papua New Guinea 7,500,000 9.544 Honshu 227,960 Japan 103,000,000 451.8 Sulawesi 174,600 Indonesia 18,455,000 105.7 South Island 145,836 New Zealand 1,038,600 7.122 North Island 111,583 New Zealand 3,393,900 30.42 Luzon 109,965 Philippines 48,520,000 441.2 Mindanao 104,530 Philippines 25,281,000 241.9 Tasmania 90,758 Australia 514,700 5.671 Hokkaido 77,981 Japan 5,474,000 70.2 Sakhalin 72,493 Russia 580,000 8.001 Taiwan 35,883 Republic of China (Taiwan) 23,000,000 641 Kyushu 35,640 Japan 13,231,000 371.2 Hainan 35,400 People's Republic of China 8,900,000 251.4 New Britain 35,145 Papua New Guinea 513,926 14.62 Vancouver Island 31,285 Canada 759,366 24.27 Shikoku 18,800 Japan 4,141,955 220.3 New Caledonia 16,648 France 208,709 12.54 Palawan 12,189 Philippines 430,000 35.28 Viti Levu 10,531 Fiji 600,000 56.97 Hawaii 10,434 United States of America 185,079 17.74 List of islands Main article: List of islands in the Pacific Ocean Pacific islands by continent Antarctica
  • List of islands of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean
Asia
  • List of islands of Asia
North America
  • List of islands of North America
  • List of islands of Central America
  • List of islands of Canada, section British Columbia
  • List of islands of Mexico
  • List of islands of the United States
Oceania
  • List of islands of Australia
  • List of islands of Kiribati
  • List of islands of New Zealand
  • List of islands of the Marshall Islands
  • List of islands of the Solomon Islands
  • List of islands of Tonga
  • List of islands of Tuvalu
  • List of islands of Vanuatu
  • List of islands of France, section Pacific Islands
  • List of islands of the Pitcairn Islands
  • List of islands of Hawaii
  • List of islands of the United States, section Insular areas
South America
  • List of islands of South America
  • List of islands of Chile
  • List of islands of Colombia
  • List of islands of Ecuador
  • List of islands of Peru
See also
  • List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands
  • List of islands in the Arctic Ocean
  • List of islands in the Atlantic Ocean
  • List of islands in the Indian Ocean
  • List of islands (islands around the world)
  • List of island countries
Footnotes
  1. ^ D'Arcy, Paul (March 2006). The People of the Sea: Environment, Identity, and History in Oceania. University Of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-3297-1. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Rapaport, Moshe (April 2013). The Pacific Islands: Environment and Society, Revised Edition. University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-6584-9. JSTOR j.ctt6wqh08. This is the only contemporary text on the Pacific Islands that covers both environment and sociocultural issues and will thus be indispensable for any serious student of the region. Unlike other reviews, it treats the entirety of Oceania (with the exception of Australia) and is well illustrated with numerous photos and maps, including a regional atlas.  – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  3. ^ Wright, John K. (July 1942). "Pacific Islands". Geographical Review. 32 (3): 481–486. JSTOR 210391. doi:10.2307/210391.  – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  4. ^ Blundell, David (January 2011). "Taiwan Austronesian Language Heritage Connecting Pacific Island Peoples: Diplomacy and Values" (PDF). IJAPS. 7 (1): 75–91. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
References
  • William Collins Sons & Co Ltd (1983), Collins Atlas of the World (revised 1995 ed.), London W6 8JB: HarperCollins, ISBN 0-00-448227-1 
  • v
  • t
  • e
Countries and territories of Oceania Sovereign states Entire
  • Australia
  • Federated States of Micronesia
  • Fiji
  • Kiribati
  • Marshall Islands
  • Nauru
  • New Zealand
  • Palau
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Samoa
  • Solomon Islands
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • Vanuatu
In part
  • Chile
    • Easter Island
    • Juan Fernández Islands
  • Indonesia
    • West Papua
    • Papua
  • Japan
    • Ogasawara
  • United States
    • Hawaii
    • Palmyra Atoll
Associated states
of New Zealand
  • Niue
  • Cook Islands
Dependencies and
other territories Australia
  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands
  • Christmas Island
  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands
  • Coral Sea Islands
  • Norfolk Island
United States
  • American Samoa
  • Baker Island
  • Guam
  • Howland Island
  • Jarvis Island
  • Johnston Atoll
  • Kingman Reef
  • Midway Atoll
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Wake Island
Others
  • French Polynesia / New Caledonia / Wallis and Futuna
    • France
  • Tokelau
    • New Zealand
  • Pitcairn Islands
    • UK
  • v
  • t
  • e
Regions of Oceania Australasia
  • Gulf of Carpentaria
  • New Guinea
    • Bonis Peninsula
    • Papuan Peninsula
    • Huon Peninsula
    • Huon Gulf
    • Bird's Head Peninsula
    • Gazelle Peninsula
  • New Zealand
    • South Island
    • North Island
      • Coromandel Peninsula
  • Zealandia
  • New Caledonia
  • Solomon Islands (archipelago)
  • Vanuatu
    • Kula Gulf
  • Australia
  • Capital Country
  • Eastern Australia
  • Lake Eyre basin
  • Murray–Darling basin
  • Northern Australia
  • Nullarbor Plain
  • Outback
  • Southern Australia
    • Maralinga
  • Sunraysia
  • Great Victoria Desert
  • Gulf of Carpentaria
  • Gulf St Vincent
  • Lefevre Peninsula
  • Fleurieu Peninsula
  • Yorke Peninsula
  • Eyre Peninsula
  • Mornington Peninsula
  • Bellarine Peninsula
  • Mount Henry Peninsula
Melanesia
  • Islands Region
    • Bismarck Archipelago
    • Solomon Islands Archipelago
  • Fiji
  • New Caledonia
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Vanuatu
Micronesia
  • Caroline Islands
    • Federated States of Micronesia
    • Palau
  • Guam
  • Kiribati
  • Marshall Islands
  • Nauru
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Wake Island
Polynesia
  • Easter Island
  • Hawaiian Islands
  • Cook Islands
  • French Polynesia
    • Austral Islands
    • Gambier Islands
    • Marquesas Islands
    • Society Islands
    • Tuamotu
  • Kermadec Islands
  • Mangareva Islands
  • Samoa
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • Ring of Fire
Authority control
  • WorldCat Identities
  • VIAF: 252978326
  • NDL: 00572514


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