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Hope & Co.
changed to Hope & Co. At that time the Englishmen John Williams and Pierre Cesar Labouchere were also partners in the firm totalling 26 people. In that year

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Picture of Rotterdam banker Archibald Hope in 1737 Share issued by Hope & Co. in 1804 to finance the Louisiana Purchase Offices of Hope & Co. for more than a century: Keizersgracht 444–446 Amsterdam (the white building on the right). The brown building on the left is 448, the private residence of Henry Hope. In the 1770s the bell gables of these three buildings were remodelled in the style of the times and crowned in the center with the Hope family shield. Rijksmonument status since 1970

Hope & Co. is the name of a famous Dutch bank that spanned two and a half centuries. Though the founders were Scotsmen, the bank was located in Amsterdam, and at the close of the 18th century it had offices in London as well.

  • 1 Early days
  • 2 Important archive
  • 3 Art collection
  • 4 Later years
  • 5 The Hope family
  • 6 Canon of Amsterdam
  • 7 References
  • 8 Further reading

Early days

Six of eight sons of the Scottish merchant Archibald Hope (1664–1743) – Archibald Jr. (1698–1734), Isaac, Zachary, Henry, Thomas (1704–1779), and Adrian (1709–1781) – were merchants of trade. They were active in shipping, storage, insurance, and credit in Amsterdam and Rotterdam. In 1720 they barely survived the bubble that led to the passage of the Bubble Act in London. Buist was correct about all family members except for his data on the father of Archibald I, called Harry, who was the son of James Hope, factoor in Dieppe and brother of Sir Thomas Hope, 1st Baronet. Many bankers in Holland at that time went bankrupt, and many (including Henry) left the country. That this year was an important one for Dutch bankers is shown by the fact that when Rotterdam issued new telephone numbers in the 20th century, Hope & Co. beat Mees & Zn. in snapping up the number ending with 1720.

In this early period the Hope brothers made money organizing shipment for Quakers out of Rotterdam (under the direction of Archibald, Isaac and Zachary) and the slave trade in Amsterdam (under the direction of Thomas and Adrian). The top years for the Quaker transport to Pennsylvania were 1738, 1744, 1753 and 1765. These transports were paid for by the city of Rotterdam and the local Mennonite church, since the Quakers had no money and the city needed to do something about the refugees. In top years the Hopes received 60 guilders per Quaker, and in off years 11 guilders per Quaker. The slave trade was much less lucrative, but the care of the slaves on board the ships was worse. Of these, 16% died on board. During the Seven Years' War (1756–1763) the Hope brothers became very wealthy from speculation.

In 1762 when the nephews Jan (John) and Henry Hope (1736–1811) joined Hopes, the name was changed to Hope & Co. At that time the Englishmen John Williams and Pierre Cesar Labouchere were also partners in the firm totalling 26 people. In that year they expanded the offices in Amsterdam to house Henry and Jan in Keizersgracht 448. Thomas lived in the buildings next door, 444–446. Zachary's son Archibald (1747–1821) became a member of Dutch Parliament, regent of the West Indian Company (WIC), and owned the former palace 'Lange Voorhout' in the Hague.

Pierre's marriage in 1796 to the third daughter of Francis Baring, Dorothy, was the cement between the two firms Barings and Hopes.

Important archive

The Hope archive (1725–1940) is an important source for the history of Amsterdam and the Netherlands as the center of world commerce in the 18th century. In 1977 the archive was given to the Amsterdam City Archives, where it is now open to the public.

The archive of the firm Hope & Co is mixed up with the archive of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) because in 1752 one of the founding Hope brothers, Thomas Hope (1704–1779), became a member of the "Lords XVII", the managers of the VOC. Four years later he became head regent of the VOC, and in 1766 he became the spokesperson for William V of Orange, the formal head of the VOC. In 1770 Thomas retired and passed his responsibilities to his son John (1737–1784), who remained with the VOC and Hope & Co. until his death.

Pierre Labouchere played an important role in negotiations with France, handling most of the financing for Holland with that country. Adrian was a member of Dutch Parliament and the Amsterdam City Council. Unlike banks today, the partners of Hope & Co. mixed up their private business with public business and the bank's business. Letters in the archive touch on many subjects at once. The earliest letters go back to the 1720s and are addressed to Thomas and Adrian Hope. A particularly rich portion of the archive is the correspondence in the period 1795–1815, when Henry Hope was forced to leave the Netherlands and set up offices in London. The regular correspondence between the Amsterdam and London branches give important insights into trade negotiations of the period and how they were done.

The day-to-day running of Hope & Co. in those days was in the hands of Thomas' American nephew Henry Hope (1736–1811), who did business with different countries, including Sweden, Poland, Russia, Portugal, Spain, France and the United States. In 1804 Hope & Co. issued shares to finance the Louisiana Purchase, thanks to the negotiations of Henry Hope and Francis Baring.

Art collection

Though primarily interested in trade deals from the start of their activities, the Hopes brothers expanded their interests to longer term investments in land and the arts. During the 18th century Hope & Co. set up a profit sharing agreement for the partners to reduce the risk of bankruptcy of the entire firm due to the indiscretions of one member, as happened in the case of rival banking house Clifford in 1772. In order to become partner in the profit sharing scheme, the member had to learn the special Hope & Co. bookkeeping method developed by Adrian Hope, who had assisted filing the Clifford bankruptcy. According to personal investments, ownership of the art (and the rest of the investment portfolio) was spread evenly. Thus one art collection was jointly owned by several men. John Hope's son Thomas Hope (1769–1831) helped to build this joint collection and later inherited a large portion of it due to the ownership rights built up by his father and grandfather. When it became clear that his own sons would not continue the banking business, after Henry Hope's death he divided his portion finally from the rest. Henry Hope's portion was divided among his sister's family and his American cousins. He died childless in 1811.

Adriaan van der Hoop (1778–1854), who had been active with the firm throughout the French occupation and who became full partner in Hope & Co. in 1814, on the death of Henry Hope inherited the Amsterdam portion of the investments, together with fellow partner in Amsterdam Alexander Baring, who then chose land over art and moved to America. When Adriaan van der Hoop died, he was worth 5 million guilders. His art collection went to the city of Amsterdam that created a museum to house the collection after his death. Among the 250 17th and 18th century works in this collection were 'The Jewish Bride' by Rembrandt, 'Woman in Blue Reading a Letter' by Vermeer, 'Moederzorg' by Pieter de Hooch and 'De molen bij Wijk bij Duurstede' by Jacob van Ruisdael.

Later years

In the 19th century Hope & Co. specialized in railway investments in the United States and Russia. In the 20th century the emphasis shifted from international transport to Dutch investments.

In 1937, Hope & Co. acquired Van Loon & Co., formerly Wed. Borski. In 1966 Hope & Co. merged with R. Mees & Zoonen to form Mees & Hope, Bankiers. In 1969, the Company merged with Nederlandse Overzee Bank. Ultimately, it was bought by ABN Bank in 1975. After the merger of ABN Bank and Amro Bank to form ABN Amro, Bank Mees & Hope merged with Pierson, Heldering & Pierson (then wholly owned by Amro Bank) in November 1992 into MeesPierson and was subsequently sold to Fortis. It subsequently became part of ABN Amro again when Fortis failed and Fortis' Dutch businesses were re-established as ABN Amro.

The Hope family

In many historical documents, this bank is referred to as simply "Hopes" and sometimes "Hopes of Rotterdam" or "Hopes of Amsterdam". The list of Hopes follows:

Hopes family business Archibald I (1664–1743), founder Hopes Rotterdam: Archibald II (1698–1734) founder Hopes Amsterdam no issue Henry I (1699–1737): Henry Hope (1735–1811) adopted John Williams Isaac (1702–1767) Olivier (1731-after 1767)  ? Thomas Hope (1704–1779) Jan Hope (John), (1737–1784) Thomas Hope (1769–1831) Adrian (1709–1781) worked in Amsterdam no issue Zachary (1717–1770) Archibald III (1747–1821)  ? Van der Hoop cousin Adriaan (I) van der Hoop (1701–1767) Joan Cornelis van der Hoop (1742–1825) Adriaan van der Hoop (1778–1854) Canon of Amsterdam
  • Hope & Co is window number 22 in the Canon of Amsterdam.

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Buist, Marten Gerbertus (1974). At spes non fracta: Hope & Co. 1770-1815. Merchant bankers and diplomats at work. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. ISBN 90-247-1629-2. 
  2. ^ "Archive of the company Hope & Co.". City archive Amsterdam. Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Louisiana Purchase". City archive Amsterdam. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2015. 
Further reading
  • Buist, M. G. (1974), At spes non fracta: Hope & Co. 1770–1815. Merchant bankers and diplomats at work., The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, ISBN 90-247-1629-2 .
  • Jonker, Joost Pieter Bastiaan (1997), The link between past and future: 275 years of tradition and innovation in Dutch banking, Amsterdam: MeesPierson, ISBN 90-901073-0-4 .

Seeing a Different World: Partners in Prayer 2017 Advent Devotional
Seeing a Different World: Partners in Prayer 2017 Advent Devotional
The familiar places of our lives look different in Advent. Light changes colors by the second, holiday decorations appear on the shelves, and the excitement of the season brightens our faces and our spirits during the darkest days of the year.We also see change in our hearts. Advent invites us to prepare for the coming of Christ, to see a new world being born in our midst. Where do we notice Christ already working in the world? Where is Christ needed next? How can we be Christlike in new ways? What if we could adjust our glasses to recognize God's work unfolding right in front of us?In Seeing a Different World, author and pastor Elizabeth Hagan (Birthed), invites us to see a different world in which Jesus is present in our everyday actions.Beginning on the first day of Advent, Seeing a Different World offers daily meditations and prayers centered around four week-long themes: Seeing New Hope, Seeing New Peace, Seeing New Joy, and Seeing New Love. Transform the way you see Advent this year.

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Lab Girl
Lab Girl
Winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award for AutobiographyA New York Times 2016 Notable BookNational Best SellerNamed one of TIME magazine’s "100 Most Influential People"An Amazon Top 20 Best Book of 2016A Washington Post Best Memoir of 2016A TIME and Entertainment Weekly Best Book of 2016 An illuminating debut memoir of a woman in science; a moving portrait of a longtime friendship; and a stunningly fresh look at plants that will forever change how you see the natural world Acclaimed scientist Hope Jahren has built three laboratories in which she’s studied trees, flowers, seeds, and soil. Her first book is a revelatory treatise on plant life—but it is also so much more. Lab Girl is a book about work, love, and the mountains that can be moved when those two things come together. It is told through Jahren’s remarkable stories: about her childhood in rural Minnesota with an uncompromising mother and a father who encouraged hours of play in his classroom’s labs; about how she found a sanctuary in science, and learned to perform lab work done “with both the heart and the hands”; and about the inevitable disappointments, but also the triumphs and exhilarating discoveries, of scientific work.Yet at the core of this book is the story of a relationship Jahren forged with a brilliant, wounded man named Bill, who becomes her lab partner and best friend. Their sometimes rogue adventures in science take them from the Midwest across the United States and back again, over the Atlantic to the ever-light skies of the North Pole and to tropical Hawaii, where she and her lab currently make their home. Jahren’s probing look at plants, her astonishing tenacity of spirit, and her acute insights on nature enliven every page of this extraordinary book. Lab Girl opens your eyes to the beautiful, sophisticated mechanisms within every leaf, blade of grass, and flower petal. Here is an eloquent demonstration of what can happen when you find the stamina, passion, and sense of sacrifice needed to make a life out of what you truly love, as you discover along the way the person you were meant to be.

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3 Necklace Set: 21.6” 2.4mm Stainless Steel Ball Chain Necklaces Partners in Crime Handcuffs Gun Bullet Shovel (3pc PIC Set 33E/33F)
3 Necklace Set: 21.6” 2.4mm Stainless Steel Ball Chain Necklaces Partners in Crime Handcuffs Gun Bullet Shovel (3pc PIC Set 33E/33F)
Package contains 3 necklaces. Alloy charms are attached to an 21.6" Stainless Steel Ball Chain necklace. Ball chain ball measures: 2.4mm. Necklace is packaged on an It's All About...You! display card. Stainless Steel is high quality, durable, corrosion resistant and requires little maintenance. Should you have questions or concerns about your our products, It's All About You Jewelry is always available to help you. Quality customer service and superior products are our top two priorities. We hope you love your new necklace as much as we do!

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Is It My Fault?: Hope and Healing for Those Suffering Domestic Violence.
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Is It My Fault? is a message of hope and healing to victims who know too well the depths of destruction and the overwhelming reality of domestic violence.At least one in every three women have been beaten, coerced into sex, or abused in their lifetime. The effects of domestic violence are physical, social, emotional, psychological, and spiritual, and can have long-lasting distressing consequences. It is common for victims of domestic violence to suffer from ongoing depression and recurring nightmares, self-harm, panic attacks, substance abuse, and more.Is It My Fault? addresses the abysmal issue of domestic violence with the powerful and transforming biblical message of grace and redemption. It deals with this devastating problem and sin honestly and directly without hiding its prevalence today.

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Be Patient
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Men's Women's Sterling Silver Blue Turquoise 1'' Cross Pendant Necklace 18+2''(45+5cm) Adjustable Silver Chain
Men's Women's Sterling Silver Blue Turquoise 1'' Cross Pendant Necklace 18+2''(45+5cm) Adjustable Silver Chain
Package includes one piece of sterling silver pendant with silver chain. Length of silver chain: 18+2'' extender. (45+5cm)Try our cross pendant as a reminder and sign of your faith. Measures(Approx.).Weight: Approx. 0.070-0.088 oz (2-2.50 gr) Width:1.8cm (0.70 inch) Height:2.5cm(1 inch) Thickness:2 mm(0.078 inches). Color and Gemstone : Blue. Turquoise. Pendant filled with Turquoise mosaic inlay. Since these are handcrafted products, color, size and weight of each product may slightly varyComes in a gift box and ready for gift giving. 100% Customer Satisfaction Our limited production handmade jewelry collection would make you truly unique among your friends This product has five color options (blue, navy, green, black and red) and two size options 2.5cm(1 inch) and 3cm(1.18 inch) in our catalog. Necklace Chain Length Information:Women: 18" Necklace is a common choice for most women that will hang just below the throat at the collarbone. This length is generally preferred for pendants which will hang over a crew neck. 20" If you want a necklace that sits just below the collarbone, but above the neckline, consider a 20-inch necklace. The 20-inch necklace length is common for many chains, strands, and lockets. Twenty-inch necklaces are also known as a matinee.Men: 18'' Necklace (For smaller necks) sits at the base of the neck and is best for young men and men with smaller neck sizes 20" Necklace is the most common necklace length for men. Sizeable Chain. You can adjust the chain size from 18'' to 20'' to your preference.

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Gold Bracelets for Women 14k Dipped Curb Cuban Chain Bracelet for Women - Charitable Chain of Hope - Benevolence LA
Gold Bracelets for Women 14k Dipped Curb Cuban Chain Bracelet for Women - Charitable Chain of Hope - Benevolence LA
THE GIFT THAT GIVES BACKAre you looking for the perfect gift for someone special?This is a beautiful, high quality 4mm wide gold dipped curb chain bracelet has the latest flat curb chain links. Complete with a 1-inch 14k gold dipped extender for full adjustable comfort and ease of use. Best choice of gifts for birthday, anniversary, holidays, stocking stuffers, graduation, Christmas, Valentine's Day, Father's day and any other occasion. Benevolence LA is an easy, fun, fashionable, and effective way to help others.Our mission is to spread generosity. This is why each of our products are connected to a specific charitable cause. This necklace gives $5 toward our next clean water project with our charity partner, Hands 4 Others. All our products come with recycled gift packaging, perfect to give as a gift to someone special. We started Benevolence LA to make a difference. Isn't this what we all want, to help people? We've connected something you are already interested in buying with helping others, allowing you to give back in a new way. BENEVOLENCE LA Benevolence LA was founded in 2015 with the idea that the jewelry we wear can not only tell a story about who we are but it can help give back to the world around us. In late 2015, Benevolence LA was featured on ABC's The View as a brand who gives back. We are celebrity endorsed and eco-friendly jewelry with a purpose.Our Mission is to create beautiful and handcrafted pieces that tell a story. When you purchase a Benevolence LA product, you are joining the mission. By purchasing this bracelet, you are helping the benevolence movement. You give by buying. You give by wearing. Not completely satisfied? We'll make it right, no questions asked. All of our products have our 30-day return policy which means you can experience your new bracelet risk-free. Click the, "Add to Cart" button now, and make a difference.NEW PRODUCTS COMING SOON: Join and make a difference today.

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We Choose to Thrive: Our Voices Rise in Unison to Share with Abuse Survivors a Message of Hope and Inspiration
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In the pages of this book you will find the stories of 31 amazing women who have the love, the heart, the courage and the wisdom to share their stories with you.While we mention what happened to us, we don’t dwell there. We talk about what we have done and what we are currently doing to be well adjusted, happy and productive. We’ve done our healing work for ourselves first and foremost and as we began to heal, that seeped out to our families, our communities, our countries and our world. We also know that it takes constant attention to our thoughts and feelings as there can be triggers of memory that can threaten to derail our efforts.Each of us has been a victim of abuse, some beginning in childhood, others later on as adults with domestic violence or even rape. You will find stories from sea to shining sea…Shannon from Australia, Michele from New York, Sylvia with roots in Guatemala, women from all around Canada and the U.S. You will discover that the perpetrators of abuse do not respect ethnic backgrounds, socio-economic backgrounds, or religious backgrounds. Abuse is abuse no matter what kind, and there is no measuring device that can predict the impact it has on the victim, no matter how significant or insignificant the abuse may seem.These stories will touch your heart. What we know is that the statistics are disgusting and highly inaccurate. We know that you can fill a room with people and talk on this subject, and often over half the room will acknowledge having had an experience that affected them deeply.This is indeed sad and heart wrenching.What we all have in common is our deep desire to share with abuse survivors around the world that they too can heal, that they are NOT alone. We share our journey, the resources and most of all the mindset that we needed to adopt to achieve the rich and happy lives we are now living. It truly is a journey.Leaving sadness aside, our message, and the recurring theme of this book is to share that you too can thrive. It begins with a decision. It begins with a choice. It begins with the courage to SPEAK UP, STAND UP, FIND YOUR TRUTH, and COMMAND YOUR OWN INNER POWER.We acknowledge the darkness that colored our world, but above it all we want you to know that you can rise above the past and live now, with deep joy and happiness. You can live rich, full and productive lives. We each decided to BE the change so needed in our world. In this book you will find women from all walks of life, different nationalities, different economic situations and you will hear our common thread. Abuse respects no boundaries. But then neither does the choice to heal, to thrive.We Choose to Thrive is our message of inspiration and hope to all survivors...that you too can thrive. Each woman shares her favorite resources that she tapped into to heal. She shares her mindset, she shares her heart, and her willingness to speak her story so that others can know beyond a shadow of a doubt that they are not alone and that they too can heal.Our deep desire is that you will see and feel the light behind each woman that has had the love and the courage to share and that you will let it reach your heart.We encourage you to share this with others, both women and men. While statistics are many and varied, a rough estimate is one out of three girls and one out of 5 boys have encountered childhood sexual abuse, which does not even address the other kinds of abuse.We know many have gone to their grave without ever telling their story. We know that much of the brokenness in our world, including drug abuse, alcohol abuse, sexual abuse, self mutilation and other abuses stem from a heart that has not been able to recover from the pain.Will you step up and make a choice to thrive? Are you willing to do what it takes? Are you willing to change your focus? We’ve all heard the saying, “What you focus on expands.” Are you ready to focus on healing and thriving?

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