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Vicente Fox
Vicente Fox Quesada (American Spanish: [biˈsente ˈfoks keˈsaða]; born 2 July 1942) is a Mexican businessman and politician who was President of Mexico

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For the Chilean lawmaker, see Vicente Quesada. This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Fox and the second or maternal family name is Quesada. Vicente Fox
55th President of Mexico In office
1 December 2000 – 30 November 2006 Preceded by Ernesto Zedillo Succeeded by Felipe Calderón Governor of Guanajuato In office
25 September 1995 – 25 September 1999 Preceded by Carlos Medina Plascencia Succeeded by Ramón Martín Huerta Co–President of Centrist Democrat International
alongside Pier Ferdinando Casini Personal details Born Vicente Fox Quesada
(1942-07-02) 2 July 1942 (age 75)
Mexico City Political party National Action Spouse(s) Lilian de la Concha (m. 1969; div. 1990)
Marta Sahagún (m. 2001) Alma mater Universidad Iberoamericana
Harvard Business School Occupation
  • Businessman
  • politician

Vicente Fox Quesada (American Spanish: ; born 2 July 1942) is a Mexican businessman and politician who was President of Mexico from 1 December 2000 to 30 November 2006 under the National Action Party (PAN). He is also the Co-President of the Centrist Democrat International, an international organization of center-right political parties.

Fox was elected President of Mexico in the 2000 presidential election, a historically significant election that made him the first president elected from an opposition party since Francisco I. Madero in 1910 and the first one in 71 years to defeat, with 42 percent of the vote, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

After serving as president of Mexico for six years, President Fox returned to his home state of Guanajuato, where he resides with his wife and family. Since leaving the presidency, Vicente Fox has been involved in public speaking and the development of the Vicente Fox Center of Studies, Library and Museum.

The alleged increase in his patrimony has raised suspicions of illegal enrichment. He has been excluded from National Action Party activities since 2013.

  • 1 Early years
    • 1.1 Business career
  • 2 Early political career
    • 2.1 Governor of Guanajuato
    • 2.2 Campaign for President
      • 2.2.1 Amigos de Fox
      • 2.2.2 Election results
  • 3 Presidency
    • 3.1 Public image
      • 3.1.1 Controversial comments
  • 4 Post-presidential life
    • 4.1 Public speaking and advocacy
    • 4.2 Criticism of Donald Trump
    • 4.3 Autobiography
    • 4.4 Fox Center of Studies, Library and Museum
    • 4.5 Centrist Democratic International
    • 4.6 Statue controversy
  • 5 Honours
  • 6 Ancestry
  • 7 See also
  • 8 Notes
  • 9 External links

Early years

Vicente Fox was born in Mexico City on 2 July 1942, the second of nine children. His father was José Luis Fox Pont, a native-born Mexican, and his mother was Mercedes Quesada Etxaide, a Basque immigrant from San Sebastián, Gipuzkoa, in Spain. José Fox's paternal grandfather was born Joseph Louis Fuchs in Cincinnati, Ohio, the son of German Catholic immigrants, Louis Fuchs and Catherina Elisabetha Flach, of Strasbourg, now in France. The "Fuchs" surname was changed from German during the 1870s to its English equivalent, "Fox". The family was unaware of its German origins and they believed the Fox family had their origins in Ireland until it was discovered otherwise later in Fox's life.

Fox spent his childhood and adolescence at the family ranch in San Francisco del Rincón in Guanajuato. He moved to Mexico City to attend the Universidad Iberoamericana and received a bachelor's degree in business administration in 1964. He earned a diploma in Management Skills from the Harvard Business School in the United States in 1974.

Business career

In 1964, Fox went to work for the Coca-Cola Company, where he started as a route supervisor, and he drove a delivery truck. He quickly rose in the company to become the supervisor of Coca-Cola's operations in Mexico, and later all of Latin America. It was during the Fox presidency of Coca-Cola México that the product became Mexico's top-selling soft drink, increasing Coca-Cola's sales by almost 50%

Fox married a receptionist at Coca-Cola, Lilian de la Concha. They adopted four children, Ana Cristina, Vicente, Paulina and Rodrigo. In 1990, after 20 years of marriage, Lilian filed for and was granted a divorce.

Fox remarried on 2 July 2001 while in office as President. He married Marta María Sahagún Jiménez (until then his spokesperson). The date was the first anniversary of his presidential election and his 59th birthday. For both, this was their second marriage.

After retiring from Coca-Cola, Fox began to participate in various public activities in Guanajuato, where he created the "Patronato de la Casa Cuna Amigo Daniel", an orphanage. He was the president of the Patronato Loyola, a sponsor of the León campus of the Universidad Iberoamericana and of the Lux Institute.

Early political career

With the support of Manuel Clouthier, Vicente Fox joined the Partido Acción Nacional on 1 March 1988. That same year, he ran for and was elected to the federal Chamber of Deputies representing the Third Federal District in León, Guanajuato.

Governor of Guanajuato

After serving in the Chamber of Deputies, Fox sought the governorship in Guanajuato in 1991, but lost to Ramón Aguirre Velázquez of the PRI. Following the election, local discontent was so great that the state Congress appointed Carlos Medina Plascencia of the PAN as interim governor. Four years later, Fox ran again, winning by a vote of 2 to 1.

As governor, Fox promoted government efficiency and transparency. He was one of the first state governors of Mexico to give a clear, public and timely account of the finances of his state.

Fox pushed for the consolidation of small firms, promoted the overseas sales of goods manufactured in Guanajuato and created a unique system in which micro-credits with no overdue portfolio were granted. Under Fox, the state became the fifth most important Mexican state economy.

Campaign for President Main article: Mexican general election, 2000 Items from Fox's presidential campaign on display at the Museo del Objeto del Objeto.

On 7 July 1997 (three years before the presidential election of 2000), Vicente Fox decided to run for President of Mexico. In spite of opposition within his party, Fox secured his candidacy representing the Alliance for Change, a political coalition formed by the National Action Party and the Green Ecological Party of Mexico on 14 November 1999.

During the course of his campaign a presidential debate was organized. There was a disagreement between the three main contenders, Fox, Francisco Labastida of the PRI and Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas of the PRD, and some of the arguments were broadcast on national television, notably the one on whether the debate should be held that same day or the following Friday. For minutes, Fox kept repeating the word "Hoy" meaning "today", originating the famous phrase "¡Hoy, hoy, hoy!" The other candidates decided to postpone the debate, but Fox used that day's airtime anyway. At first, the action brought upon Fox criticism, but the slogan "today" gained support as it encapsulated Fox's idea of an improved future.

During the presidential debate his main opponent, Francisco Labastida, claimed in a nationally televised debate that Vicente Fox had repeatedly called him a "sissy" and a "cross-dresser". Fox's campaign slogans were "¡Ya!" ("Right now!"), "Ya ganamos" ("We've already won") and "Vota Alianza por el Cambio" ("Vote for Alliance for Change").

Amigos de Fox

Amigos de Fox ("Friends of Fox") was a non-profit fundraising group established by Denise Montaño that was instrumental in getting Vicente Fox elected President of Mexico. The phrase was also used as a campaign slogan referring to the millions of people supporting Fox in the 2000 presidential elections.

In 2003, money-laundering charges were lodged against the fund-raising group, but were dropped shortly before the July 2003 mid-term elections.

Election results Gerhard Schröder in Los Pinos with President Fox.

On 2 July 2000 (Fox's 58th birthday), he won the presidential election with 43% (15,989,636 votes) of the popular vote, followed by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) candidate Francisco Labastida with 36% (13,579,718 votes), and Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas of the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) with 17% (6,256,780 votes). Vicente Fox declared victory that same night, a victory which was ratified by President Zedillo. After the final results were announced, President-elect Vicente Fox met with thousands of supporters at the Angel of Independence monument in Mexico City, to address his supporters and celebrate his victory. His opponents conceded the election later that night.

President-elect Vicente Fox received an enormous amount of media coverage, as well as many congratulating messages and phone calls from world leaders including then President of the United States, Bill Clinton.

Fox took office as president on 1 December 2000, marking the first time in Mexico's history (the country had gained independence in 1821) that an incumbent government peacefully surrendered power to an elected representative of the opposition.

See article Fox administration
Public image Fox with Laura Bush, Marta Sahagún and George W. Bush, in Crawford, Texas, 5 March 2004.

During his campaign for president, Vicente Fox became well known for his unique cowboy style and popular charisma. As speaker, Fox usually gathered big crowds in early years of his presidency.

At 193 cm (6 ft 4 in), President Fox easily stood out in most crowds, and is believed to be one of the tallest presidents in Mexico's history. After his inauguration, President Fox usually only wore suits for formal occasions, opting to wear his signature boots and jeans throughout his many visits around Mexico.

Fox spread his image as one of peace and thus welcomed many to his own ranch in Guanajuato, Mexico. When President Fox welcomed U.S. President George W. Bush to his ranch in Guanajuato, both presidents were wearing Fox's signature black cowboy boots, prompting The Wall Street Journal to call it "The Boot Summit".

Historian Philip Russell summarizes the strengths and weaknesses of Fox as president of Mexico:

"Marketed on television, Fox made a far better candidate than he did president. He failed to take charge and provide cabinet leadership, failed to set priorities, and turned a blind eye to alliance building....By 2006, as political scientist Soledad Loaeza noted, "the eager candidate became a reluctant president who avoided tough choices and appeared hesitant and unable to hide the weariness caused by the responsibilities and constraints of the office." ....He had little success in fighting crime. Even though he maintained the macroeconomic stability inherited from his predecessor, economic growth barely exceeded the rate of population increase. Similarly, the lack of fiscal reform left tax collection at a rate similar to that of Haiti....Finally, during Fox's administration, only 1.4 million formal-sector jobs were created, leading to massive immigration to the United States and an explosive increase in informal employment."
Controversial comments Vicente Fox speaking
  • In March 2002, two days prior to the International Conference on Financing for Development held in Monterrey, Nuevo León. Fox called Cuban President Fidel Castro and instructed him to limit his comments about the United States, and that he should leave Mexico after he delivers his speech and eats a meal. Castro later called this a "despicable betrayal".
President Vicente Fox (left) with López Obrador (center) and former México State governor Arturo Montiel (right).
  • In May 2005, a controversy arose over comments Fox made during a meeting with Texas business people in which he said, "There is no doubt that Mexicans, filled with dignity, willingness and ability to work, are doing jobs that not even blacks want to do there in the United States". This angered African-Americans in the United States, prompting many black leaders to demand an apology from Fox. Reverend Al Sharpton requested a formal apology from Fox to the African-American community and called for an economic boycott of Mexican products until an apology was received; he and many African-Americans felt that Fox's comments were insensitive and racist. Reverend Jesse Jackson, during a news conference concerning Fox's statement about African-Americans, said that he felt that the comments were, "unwitting, unnecessary and inappropriate" and added that " statement had the impact of being inciting and divisive".
  • Fox was also known to have mispronounced the name of Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges as "José Luis Borgues" in the Royal Congress of the Spanish Language. This error sparked accusations of an "uncultured" President.
  • On 30 May 2005, President Fox told reporters that the majority of the female homicides in Ciudad Juárez had been resolved and the perpetrators placed behind bars. He went on to criticize the media for "rehashing" the same 300 or 400 murders, and said matters needed to be seen in their "proper dimension".
  • In 2006, after Bolivian President Evo Morales refused to sell natural gas, Fox said, "Well, they'll either have to consume it all themselves or they're going to have to eat it."
  • In yet another controversial move he decided to cancel the parade commemorating the 96th anniversary of the Mexican Revolution scheduled to take place 20 November, arguing it is an obsolete celebration that nobody wants to participate in any more. Some analysts considered that this was a response to Andrés Manuel López Obrador's assumption of an alternative presidency to take place the same day. Some considered it a smart decision, while others viewed it as a sign of political weakness.
  • On 8 March 2006, in the wake of the murder of Canadians Domenico and Nancy Ianiero at a resort in Cancún, Fox said there was evidence that pointed to Canadian suspects from Thunder Bay, in order to assert that Cancún remained a safe vacation resort. Fox's comments were criticized by the Ianieros' lawyer Edward Greenspan for compromising the investigation, which Mexican authorities were considered to have largely mishandled. Quintana Roo attorney general Bello Melchor Rodríguez later stated that the Canadians were never considered as suspects.
  • In November 2006, the TV network Telemundo released a video that had been recorded previous to an interview with President Fox in which he stated: "Ya hoy hablo libre, ya digo cualquier tontería, ya no importa, ya total, yo ya me voy" which means "Now, I speak freely. Now, I say whatever nonsense. It doesn't matter anymore. Anyway, I'm already leaving." Then, during the interview he talked about the violent situation in Oaxaca. The President's office complained about the release of this images and said he was not aware of the camera and microphones being turned on. News agency EFE accused Telemundo of acting unethically, because the video was EFE's intellectual property.
  • In a lecture in the United States, in which he was a keynote speaker, he identified Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa as a Colombian Nobel laureate (Spanish by naturalization) and, at the time, was not a Nobel Laureate. Later, in October 2010, Fox congratulated Vargas Llosa on Twitter for winning the Nobel Prize in Literature, but he incorrectly attributed a Nobel Prize to Jorge Luis Borges.
Post-presidential life Public speaking and advocacy President Fox speaking

After leaving office in December 2006, Fox has maintained himself in the public eye by speaking in countries such as Nigeria, Ireland, Canada, and the United States about topics such as the controversial 2006 election and the Iraq War. In Mexico, Fox's busy post-presidency has caused much criticism because former Mexican presidents have been expected to stay out of the political spotlight. Nevertheless, Fox stated, "There is no reason to hold to the anti-democratic rules of those who still live in the authoritarian past…now that Mexico is a democracy, every citizen has the right to express himself, even a former president."

In addition, President Fox has expressed interest in campaigning for PAN candidates in future Mexican elections, an action that would make him the first former president in many decades to do so. Given that President Fox is still well-liked and left office with approval ratings of 70%, many in Mexico are wondering if his support could result in candidates being elected.

Vicente Fox joined 4 other Latin American presidents at the One Young World Summit 2014 in Dublin, Ireland, to discuss the Telefónica Millennial Survey. He told those in the audience that eradicating corruption "has to start with education" and that his focus is now on promoting leadership.

Vicente Fox is a member of the Global Leadership Foundation, a not-for-profit organization that offers, discreetly and confidentially, a range of experienced advisors to political leaders facing difficult situations.

Fox with Felipe Calderón Hinojosa

In 2013, Fox discussed why the West has pursued a moral crusade against drugs at HowTheLightGetsIn festival in Hay-on-Wye. with Chris Bryant and John Ralston Saul. The three debated whether it is hypocritical to ban certain drugs while continuing to export others such as alcohol and tobacco. Should we follow the lead of Washington and Colorado states in the U.S. and allow the free trading of drugs?

Vicente Fox gave a video interview in July 2013 to High Times, in which he discussed the failure of drug prohibition, and cited Portugal's decriminalization policies as "working splendid(ly)". He said he supports drug legalization despite not being a user himself, just as he said he also "fully respects" same-sex marriage although he does not personally agree with it.

In February 2014, Fox wrote an opinion piece that was published in Toronto's Globe and Mail in which he stated: "Legalization of not just marijuana, but all drugs, is the right thing to do."

He also said that "we must be given the very freedom to decide our own behaviour and to act responsibly, as long as we do not detrimentally affect the rights of others".

In 2016, Fox co-signed a letter to Ban Ki-moon calling for a more humane drug policy.

Criticism of Donald Trump Fox speaking in Washington, D.C. in 2015.

During the 2016 U.S. presidential election campaign, Fox emerged as an outspoken critic of Republican candidate and later nominee Donald Trump. In an interview with Univision's Jorge Ramos in February 2016, Fox responded to Trump's proposal to build a wall at the border between the United States and Mexico at Mexico's expense, declaring in English that "Mexico is not going to pay for that fucking wall. He should pay for it. He's got the money." Fox went on to call Trump a "crazy guy" and a "false prophet", and questioned the claim that Trump received 44% of the Hispanic vote in the Republican caucus in Nevada. Trump took to Twitter in response, demanding that Fox apologize for using "the F word while discussing the wall". Fox eventually apologized for the remark, while also asking for Trump to apologize for his remarks about Mexicans and inviting Trump to visit Mexico.

Despite his apology, Fox continued to criticize Trump to the international media and troll Trump on Twitter, stating, "I'm committed to be Donald Trump's shadow until he is done with politics." When Trump visited Mexico on 31 August 2016 upon President Enrique Peña Nieto's invitation, Fox slammed the visit, calling it a "desperate move" on the part of Peña Nieto and stating, "He is not welcome in Mexico. We don't like him. We don't want him. We reject his visit." Trump responded by pointing out Fox's previous invitation, to which Fox clarified that he invited Trump to Mexico on the condition that he used the visit to apologize to the Mexican people. He directly addressed the American people the next day on CNN, where he described Trump as a "false prophet" who is "absolutely crazy" and warned that they need to "wake up" and realize the harm that Trump's immigration and economic policies would inflict on the United States.

Later in September 2016, The Washington Post reported that Fox had received multiple emails from Trump's campaign soliciting donations throughout the month. Fox received the first email on 9 September, which he posted on Twitter and responded, "Donald Trump, I won't pay for that fucking wall! Also, campaigning in Mexico? Running out of money and friends?" Fox received two additional emails on 24 and 27 September, both of which he also posted on Twitter and mocked as being "desperate" and "begging". The revelation of the emails has raised concern, as accepting campaign donations from foreign nationals is illegal in the United States.

During a September 2016 appearance on the radio show El Show de Piolín, Fox smashed a Trump piñata hanging on the streets of Los Angeles while loudly singing the traditional Piñata song. Upon breaking it open, Fox noted its lack of contents and remarked, "Empty. Totally Empty. He doesn't have any brains." Discussing the event during a subsequent interview with GQ, Fox expanded, "I had such a joy in my heart by doing that, because in Mexico, piñatas are very meaningful. Piñatas are a celebration. Piñatas let you send messages. And the message is: Trump is empty inside. He's empty in his head. That's why I put my hand into his head. There was no brain there. That's what he is, an empty person."

The day after Trump won the election, Fox wrote an editorial on the International Business Times website where he lamented Trump's victory and explored what Mexico can do in response. "Even though Trump is not the prettiest person in the room, we still have to dance with him. Now, we ought to look out for ourselves and find a way to work with the most powerful economy in the world, which is now led by an authoritarian racistDonald Trump's promises have an expiration date. When the time comes to truly deliver to the American people, his "billion dollar show" will finally crumble beneath his feet", Fox wrote, concluding his editorial with, "I find quite sad that America, formerly the most open and cutting edge nation, has chosen to lock itself down inside concrete walls. It's tragic that fear, anger and wrath took over and pierced the hearts of their people. It will be hard to recover from this wound; but we better start working to heal as quickly as possible – and bring down the walls that blinded us in the beginning."

Fox has continued criticizing Trump on Twitter after the election. In a series of tweets in January 2017, Fox again criticized Trump's proposed Mexican border wall, calling it a "racist monument" and insisted that Mexico will never fund it, calling on Trump to "be honest with US taxpayers" about the fact. Following the release of a U.S. government intelligence report that accused Russia of interfering in the 2016 election to ensure Trump's victory, Fox tweeted, "Sr Trump,the intelligence report is devastating.Losing election by more than 3M votes and in addition this.Are you a legitimate president?" Fox further criticized Trump's response to the intelligence report, calling him a "bully" and a "bluff" and stating that Trump is "bringing in a new era of dictatorship". Though on January 12, Fox broke with his criticism of Trump and simply tweeted, "America Will Survive."

In an interview with Anderson Cooper on January 25, 2017 and appearance on Conan O'Brien's late night talk show on March 1, 2017, Fox again asserted that Mexico should not have to pay for the wall.

Autobiography Vicente Fox with President of the United States George W. Bush and Canada's Prime Minister Stephen Harper stand in front of "El Castillo" in Chichén Itzá, 30 March 2006.

Fox's autobiography, entitled Revolution of Hope: The Life, Faith and Dreams of a Mexican President, was released in September 2007. To promote its release, Fox toured many U.S. cities to do book-signings and interviews with U.S. media. During his tour, however, he faced protests from Mexican immigrants who accused him of actions that forced them to emigrate and find jobs in the United States. He faced the subject several times during interviews, such as one held with Fox News's Bill O'Reilly, who questioned him about the massive illegal immigration problem of Mexicans into the United States. Finally, during an interview with Telemundo's Rubén Luengas, the interviewer asked Fox about allegations concerning some properties of Vicente Fox's wife, Marta Sahagún. After Fox explained the situation, he asked the interviewer not to make false accusations and to prove what he was saying. Luengas said, "I'm telling you in your face, I'm not a liar." After this, Fox walked out of the studio, calling the interviewer a "liar", "vulgar", and "stupid". Upon the book's release, many were surprised to read several excerpts in which Fox was highly critical of U.S. President George W. Bush, considered by many to be a close friend. For example, Fox wrote that Bush was "the cockiest guy I have ever met in my life", and claimed that he was surprised that Bush had ever made it to the White House. Later, in an interview with Larry King, Fox explained that this was a misunderstanding; what he meant by calling George W. Bush "cocky" was to say he was "confident". Fox also referred to Bush in his autobiography as a "windshield cowboy", due to Bush's apparent fear of a horse Fox offered him to ride.

Fox Center of Studies, Library and Museum This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (January 2017)
See: Vicente Fox Center of Studies, Library and Museum
Vicente Fox

On 12 January 2007, over a month after he left office, Vicente Fox announced the construction of a center of studies, library and museum that has been labeled by the U.S. press as Mexico's first presidential library. The project will be a library, museum, a center for the advancement of democracy, a study center and a hotel, and it will be completely privately funded. It is expected to be a genuine U.S.-style presidential library. It will be built in Fox's home state of Guanajuato, in his home town of San Francisco del Rincón.

While museums are abundant throughout the country, there is nothing comparable to a presidential library where personal documents, records, and gifts amassed by the country's leader are opened to the public. Fox's library will be modeled after the Bill Clinton Library in Little Rock, Arkansas, which, according to the former president, will allow Mexicans to enjoy, for the first time in Mexico's history, the liberty to review the documents, images and records that made up his six years as president.

According to the official website, the construction of the Center is in progress and advancing. Final completion of the library was expected by late 2007.

There was news in the media on Centro Fox joining hands with UST Global to transform Mexico. Fox stated in a press release that "UST Global is partnering Centro Fox in order to help accomplish nothing less than the transformation of my country into a world-class technology economy...Together, we will establish Mexico at the forefront of the information technology revolution in the region."

Centrist Democratic International

On 20 September 2007, Fox was elected Co-President of the Centrist Democratic International (along with the re-elected Pier Ferdinando Casini) at its leaders' meeting in Rome. The CDI is the international organization of political parties that counts Fox's party, the National Action Party, as a member.

Statue controversy Statue of Vicente Fox in Boca del Río, Veracruz.

In October 2007, an announcement was made in the municipality of Boca del Río, Veracruz, that a 3-meter (10 ft) statue of Vicente Fox was to be erected to honor the former president. This aroused much criticism from the opposition Party of the Democratic Revolution and Mexican media "towards Boca del Río's mayor", "who is affiliated with the National Action Party, of which Fox is also a member".

The statue was put in place amidst protests on the dawn of 13 October 2007. The inauguration was to have been held on 14 October. Some hours after the installation, a crowd of about 100 people brought the statue down with a rope, damaging it. The statue was put back in place for the inauguration, then taken away for repairs.

PAN members accused Veracruz's governor, Fidel Herrera Beltrán, of "ordering the attack on the statue", while Fox called him intolerant. Some sources in the media considered that the installation of the statue was inappropriate, since former President Fox was facing allegations relating to an illicit enrichment scandal.

Many of the protesters were members of the center-left Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which governed Mexico for much of the 20th century, until Fox (of the National Action Party, PAN) won the 2000 presidential election, ousting the PRI from power.

  • Collar of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín (Argentina)
  • Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (Austria, 2005)
  • Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great (Lithuania, 14 January 2002)
  • Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (United Kingdom)
  • Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spain, 8 November 2002)
  • Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim (Sweden, 22 October 2002)
Ancestry Ancestors of Vicente Fox                                     16. Louis Michel Fuchs               8. Louis M. Fuchs (later Fox)                       17. Caroline Elisabeth Fuchs               4. Joseph Louis Fuchs (later Fox)                             18. Carl Joseph Flach               9. Catherina Elisabetha Flach                       19. Francisca Engel               2. José Luis Fox Pont                                   20. Jean-Pierre Pont               10. Pierre Pont                       21. Elisabet Bennes               5. María Elena Pont Zamora                             22. José Trinidad Zamora Reyna               11. Librada Zamora Becerra                       23. Micaela Becerra Candelas               1. Vicente Fox                                         24. ? Quesada               12. Antonio Quesada González                       25. ? González               6. Vicente Quesada González                             26. ? González               13. Constancia González Álvarez                       27. ? Álvarez               3. Mercedes Quesada Echaide                                   28. Faustino Echaide Monreal               14. Ambrosio Echaide García                       29. Ramona Gregoria García Baigorri               7. Catalina Echaide Eguiguren                             30. José Agustín Eguiguren Emparan               15. Juana Bautista Eguiguren Ugarte                       31. María Josefa Ugarte Odriozola             See also
  • Mexico portal
  • Biography portal
  • List of presidents of Mexico
  • National Action Party (Mexico)
  • Mexican general election, 2000
  • History of Mexico
  • Politics of Mexico
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  25. ^ "Mexican leader criticized for comment on blacks",, 15 May 2005.
  26. ^ a b "Vuelve Fox a incurrir en error cultural en discurso", El Universal, México.
  27. ^ "Evo pide a Fox que no trate de humillarlo por presunta negativa a vender gas a México" 24 March 2008.
  28. ^ "Cancela Fox, porque son 'tiempos democráticos', el desfile deportivo del 20 de noviembre; PRI considera que cedió la plaza a López". 24 March 2008.
  29. ^ Suspects in Ianiero murder likely Canadian: Fox. 29 March 2006.
  30. ^ A timeline of the case. 26 July 2006. Archived 14 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  31. ^ El Porvenir | Nacional | 'Puedo decir cualquier tontería... ya me voy': Fox
  32. ^ Fox incurre en error al felicitar a Vargas Llosa. 7 October 2010.
  33. ^ "One Young World Archives - Telefonica". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  34. ^ Wall, Allan. "Fox Redefines the Role of Past Mexican Presidents" (accessed 20 January 2010).
  35. ^ González, Enrique Andrade. "The Final Days of Mexican President Vicente Fox". Mexidate.Info.
  36. ^ "Centro Fox  » (Español) Vicente Fox participa en cumbre mundial One Young World 2014: “La erradicación de la corrupción tiene que empezar con la educación”". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  37. ^ One Young World (17 October 2014). "President Vicente Fox of Mexico Introduces Himself". Retrieved 6 November 2016 – via YouTube. 
  38. ^ Fox, Vicente. "Drugs, Money and Morality". IAI. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  39. ^ Hampton, Justin. "President Vicente Fox: The HIGH TIMES Interview". High Times. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  40. ^ a b Fox, Vicente (17 February 2014). "For Mexico, legalization is freedom". Toronto: Globe and Mail. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  41. ^ "Immigration". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  42. ^ "Former Mexican President to Donald Trump: 'I’m not going to pay for that fucking wall'". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  43. ^ "Donald J. Trump on Twitter". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  44. ^ a b "Vicente Fox apologizes to Trump for wall outburst". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  45. ^ "Vicente Fox Quesada on Twitter". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  46. ^ a b CNN, David Wright. "Former Mexican President apologizes for Trump invitation". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  47. ^ "Vicente Fox on Trump: 'Please wake up, America'". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  48. ^ a b "Donald Trump keeps asking foreign leaders for money. The latest: Vicente Fox.". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  49. ^ "Vicente Fox Quesada on Twitter". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  50. ^ "Vicente Fox Quesada on Twitter". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  51. ^ "Vicente Fox Quesada on Twitter". Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  52. ^ a b Nelson, Rebecca (19 September 2016). "Vicente Fox, Former President of Mexico, Has a Few Thoughts on Donald Trump". 
  53. ^ Fox, Vicente (9 November 2016). "If Trump doesn't want to work with Mexico, it's America's loss". 
  54. ^ Vicente Fox to Trump: We Won't Pay For That Fucking Wall
  55. ^ "Vicente Fox Quesada on Twitter". 
  56. ^ Hensch, Mark (11 January 2017). "Vicente Fox: Trump ushering in ‘a new era of dictatorship’". 
  57. ^ "Vicente Fox Quesada on Twitter". 
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  78. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (PDF) (in German). p. 1711. Retrieved November 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  79. ^ Lithuanian Presidency website, search form
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  81. ^ "2002/27" (PDF). Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  • Schmidt, Samuel (2000). México encadenado: El legado de Zedillo y los retos de Fox. México, D.F.: Colibrí.
External links Wikiquote has quotations related to: Vicente Fox Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vicente Fox.
  • Vicente Fox website during his Presidency
  • Vicente Fox Museum and Library
  • Extended bio and presidential tenure, by CIDOB Foundation
  • Vicente Fox Interview on The Hour with George Stroumboulopoulos
  • Vicente Fox on IMDb
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
Party political offices Preceded by
Diego Fernández de Cevallos PAN presidential candidate
2000 Succeeded by
Felipe Calderón Political offices Preceded by
Ernesto Zedillo President of Mexico
2000–2006 Succeeded by
Felipe Calderón Preceded by
unknown Co-President of Centrist Democrat International
2006–present Incumbent Diplomatic posts Preceded by
Jiang Zemin Chairperson of APEC
2002 Succeeded by
Thaksin Shinawatra
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Let's Move On: Beyond Fear & False Prophets
Let's Move On: Beyond Fear & False Prophets
Vicente Fox, the former president of Mexico, issues both a denunciation of the current state of American politics and a call to unity and resistance in the face of rising ethnocentric and anti-democratic sentiments. Vicente Fox offers his unique viewpoint as a former head of state, avid historian, and true admirer of America’s constitutional ideals. He knows where a Trump presidency can lead—and it is nowhere good. Let’s Move On is a political manifesto written in Fox’s trademark, no-nonsense style where he both denounces Trump’s malignant anti-intellectualism and inspires people to rise up and resist. “Fox knows America. He gets it. He digs it, its big dreams and weird nightmares. He lays down the chords in the key of the American Dream like a master.” —The Washington Post

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Revolution of Hope: The Life, Faith, and Dreams of a Mexican President
Revolution of Hope: The Life, Faith, and Dreams of a Mexican President
Traces the rise and career of the charismatic former president of Mexico, from his youth as the son of immigrants from the United States and Spain and his achievements as the youngest CEO in the history of Coca-Cola to his presidential efforts to reduce poverty, address corruption, and reform key social programs. 100,000 first printing.

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Sigamos adelante: Más allá de miedos y falsos profetas (Spanish Edition)
Sigamos adelante: Más allá de miedos y falsos profetas (Spanish Edition)
Una valiente denuncia contra los atropellos y el espíritu antidemocrático de Donald Trump, un llamado a la unidad y la resistencia. Este libro es una valiente denuncia contra la situación política actual en Estados Unidos, al mismo tiempo que hace un llamado a la unidad y la resistencia contra el racismo y los sentimientos antidemocráticos que representa Donald Trump. Vicente Fox ofrece su singular punto de vista, como expresidente, historiador y admirador de los ideales democráticos de Estados Unidos, sabe a dónde puede llegar la presidencia de Donald Trump, y no es un buen panorama. Sigamos adelante es un manifiesto político, escrito con el inconfundible estilo de Vicente Fox, franco y directo, para toda persona preocupada por cómo Donald Trump está atropellando los derechos humanos, los tratados internacionales, el medio ambiente y la dignidad política. "Es una pena que Estados Unidos no haya podido ver más allá de esa terrible idea de un muro que no ha sido construido aún. El verdadero problema es la enfermedad que Trump ha esparcido por todo el país, una enfermedad de miedo y enojo que no desaparecerá fácilmente, ni pronto". Vicente Fox, International Business Times, 9 de noviembre de 2016

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Vicente Fox: The Road to the Mexican Presidency (Proud Heritage: The Hispanic Library)
Vicente Fox: The Road to the Mexican Presidency (Proud Heritage: The Hispanic Library)
Discusses the life and accomplishments of Mexican president, Vicente Fox. Presents his background as well as his rise to the position of leader of Mexico's government.

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La revolucion de la esperanza/ Revolution of Hope: The Life, Faith, and Dreams of a Mexican President (Spanish Edition)
La revolucion de la esperanza/ Revolution of Hope: The Life, Faith, and Dreams of a Mexican President (Spanish Edition)
The charismatic former president of Mexico offers a clear and candid perspective on the state of world affairs and outlines a new vision of hope for the future of the Americas. In 2000 Fox broke the dictatorial one-party rule that strangled Mexico for over 70 years. For the first time, Fox reveals the ups and downs of his close but rocky relationships with world leaders. La revolucion de la esperanza is a story of triumph and a political vision for the future. Description in Spanish: Por primera vez en la historia de Mexico, un ex presidente decide permanecer en la luz publica despues de su mandato y revelar sin censura sus experiencias como jefe de Estado. En este libro que convulsionara a sus lectores, Vicente Fox describe el camino que lo llevo a la silla presidencial, la historia de su familia, la raiz y fundamento de los valores que motivan sus acciones; y la nutrida gama de hechos que dieron lugar a su conversion de hombre de negocios a hombre de estado. Fox, presidente electo del ano 2000 considerado por muchos el estandarte de la naciente democracia mexicana , empresario de la iniciativa privada y sui generis estadista, narra con voz autentica, inundada de conviccion y emotividad, y no carente del desparpajo que lo caracteriza, sus vivencias en los Pinos, su relacion con Marta Sahagun, la primera visita del que fuera su homologo en la Casa Blanca; su encuentro con el gobernador Schwarzenegger, los detalles de su relacion politica con Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, su confrontacion con Hugo Chavez y Fidel Castro, y tantos otros episodios que hoy, para malestar de sus detractores y complacencia de sus simpatizantes, forman parte de la historia de Mexico.

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Trumpocracy: The Corruption of the American Republic
Trumpocracy: The Corruption of the American Republic
A New York Times Bestseller!Bestselling author, former White House speechwriter, and Atlantic columnist and media commentator David Frum explains why President Trump has undermined our most important institutions in ways even the most critical media has missed, in this thoughtful and hard-hitting book that is a warning for democracy and America’s future."From Russia to South Africa, from Turkey to the Philippines, from Venezuela to Hungary, authoritarian leaders have smashed restraints on their power. Media freedom and judicial independence have eroded. The right to vote remains, but the right to have one’s vote counted fairly may not. Until the US presidential election of 2016, the global decline of democracy seemed a concern for other peoples in other lands. . . . That complacent optimism has been upended by the political rise of Donald Trump. The crisis is upon Americans, here and now."Quietly, steadily, Trump and his administration are damaging the tenets and accepted practices of American democracy, perhaps irrevocably. As he and his family enrich themselves, the presidency itself falls into the hands of the generals and financiers who surround him.While much of the country has been focused on Russia, David Frum has been collecting the lies, obfuscations, and flagrant disregard for the traditional limits placed on the office of the presidency. In Trumpocracy, he documents how Trump and his administration are steadily damaging the tenets and accepted practices of American democracy. During his own White House tenure as George W. Bush’s speechwriter, Frum witnessed the ways the presidency is limited not by law but by tradition, propriety, and public outcry, all now weakened. Whether the Trump presidency lasts two, four, or eight more years, he has changed the nature of the office for the worse, and likely for decades.In this powerful and eye-opening book, Frum makes clear that the hard work of recovery starts at home. Trumpocracy outlines how Trump could push America toward illiberalism, what the consequences could be for our nation and our everyday lives, and what we can do to prevent it.

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The Cannabis Encyclopedia: The Definitive Guide to Cultivation & Consumption of Medical Marijuana
The Cannabis Encyclopedia: The Definitive Guide to Cultivation & Consumption of Medical Marijuana
The award winning Cannabis Encyclopedia is the definitive guide to medical marijuana cultivation and consumption. It explains all the essential techniques to grow indoors, outdoors and in greenhouses. All gardening practices are well-researched and illustrated with easy step-by-step examples and instructions. More than 2,000 beautiful color images illustrate this 596-page book. The large 8.5 x 11-inch format, three-column pages are easy to read and packed with up-to-date information that make this book essential for all cannabis gardeners and patients. Chapters on medical cannabis history, cannabinoid measurement and medical varieties provide a firm background for medical patients and caregivers. The Medicinal Concentrates and Cooking with Medicinal Cannabis chapters feature many different methods to concentrate and consume cannabis. Each stage of plant growth is detailed and graphically explained seed, seedling, vegetative growth, clones and mother plants and flowering. Harvest, drying and curing information aims to preserve cannabinoids. Garden room design, construction and maintenance, greenhouse construction and care, outdoor gardens from backyards and patios to large remote fields are all explained in full detail and many step-by-step examples. Four case studies feature two indoor gardens, one with LED and HP sodium lamps, Jorge´s backyard garden and a big garden in Humboldt County, CA. Each aspect of cannabis cultivation is examined in detail with a focus on organic practices preserving the sanctuary, meters, air, light, lamps and electricity, soil, containers, water, nutrients, additives, container culture and hydroponics, diseases and pests and breeding. The comprehensive Nutrient chapter has individual drawings of 14 cannabis plants showing nutrient excess and deficiencies. The Breeding chapter explains methods, plant crosses, back crosses, true breeds, hybrids, etc. and provides step-by-step illustrated instructions on starting your own home breeding program. Learn exactly how to increase yields, increase cannabinoid potency, and make eco-friendly decisions from the expert, Jorge Cervantes. His advice is basic, detailed and reliable.

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Vicente Fox Quesada: encuentro con los medios. Entrevistas sobre los programas y resultados del gobierno del cambio 2001-2006 (Coleccion Editorial del Gobierno del Cambio) (Spanish Edition)
Vicente Fox Quesada: encuentro con los medios. Entrevistas sobre los programas y resultados del gobierno del cambio 2001-2006 (Coleccion Editorial del Gobierno del Cambio) (Spanish Edition)
Recopilación de entrevistas realizadas al presidente por diversos medios de comunicación nacionales e internacionales, -entre los que destacan: Núcleo Radio Mil, MVS Noticias, CBS, CNN, Televisa, TV Azteca, Radio Vaticano, Radio Canadá, BBC, Notimex, El País, New York Times, Washington Post, en la que se pretende presentar el contexto mediático ante distintos temas de la agenda política de la Presidencia de la República.

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