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A vine (Latin vīnea "grapevine", "vineyard", from vīnum "wine") in the narrowest sense is the grapevine (Vitis), and more generally, any plant with a growth

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This article is about the term "vine" in its broad sense. For grapevines, see Vitis. For the former social media app, see Vine (service). For other uses, see Vine (disambiguation). A tendril Vine twining around a steel fixed ladder

A vine (Latin vīnea "grapevine", "vineyard", from vīnum "wine") in the narrowest sense is the grapevine (Vitis), and more generally, any plant with a growth habit of trailing or scandent (that is, climbing) stems, lianas or runners. The word also can refer to such stems or runners themselves, for instance when used in wicker work.

In the United Kingdom, the term "vine" applies almost exclusively to the grapevine. The term "climber" is used for all climbing plants.

  • 1 Growth forms
    • 1.1 Use as garden plants
  • 2 Horticultural climbing plants
    • 2.1 Examples
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Growth forms Climbing plant covering a chimney Retaining wall covered by vines

Certain plants always grow as vines, while a few grow as vines only part of the time. For instance, poison ivy and bittersweet can grow as low shrubs when support is not available, but will become vines when support is available.

A vine displays a growth form based on long stems. This has two purposes. A vine may use rock exposures, other plants, or other supports for growth rather than investing energy in a lot of supportive tissue, enabling the plant to reach sunlight with a minimum investment of energy. This has been a highly successful growth form for plants such as kudzu and Japanese honeysuckle, both of which are invasive exotics in parts of North America. There are some tropical vines that develop skototropism, and grow away from the light, a type of negative phototropism. Growth away from light allows the vine to reach a tree trunk, which it can then climb to brighter regions.

The vine growth form may also enable plants to colonize large areas quickly, even without climbing high. This is the case with periwinkle and ground ivy. It is also an adaptation to life in areas where small patches of fertile soil are adjacent to exposed areas with more sunlight but little or no soil. A vine can root in the soil but have most of its leaves in the brighter, exposed area, getting the best of both environments.

The evolution of a climbing habit has been implicated as a key innovation associated with the evolutionary success and diversification of a number of taxonomic groups of plants. It has evolved independently in several plant families, using many different climbing methods such as:

  • twining their stems around a support (e.g., morning glories, Ipomoea species).
  • by way of adventitious, clinging roots (e.g., ivy, Hedera species)
  • with twining petioles (e.g., Clematis species)
  • using tendrils, which can be specialized shoots (Vitaceae), leaves (Bignoniaceae), or even inflorescences (Passiflora)
  • using tendrils which also produce adhesive pads at the end that attach themselves quite strongly to the support (Parthenocissus)
  • using thorns (e.g. climbing rose) or other hooked structures, such as hooked branches (e.g. Artabotrys hexapetalus)

The climbing fetterbush (Pieris phillyreifolia) is a woody shrub-vine which climbs without clinging roots, tendrils, or thorns. It directs its stem into a crevice in the bark of fibrous barked trees (such as bald cypress) where the stem adopts a flattened profile and grows up the tree underneath the host tree's outer bark. The fetterbush then sends out branches that emerge near the top of the tree.

A large vine on the street in Sochi, Russia

Most vines are flowering plants. These may be divided into woody vines or lianas, such as wisteria, kiwifruit, and common ivy, and herbaceous (nonwoody) vines, such as morning glory.

One odd group of vining plants is the fern genus Lygodium, called climbing ferns. The stem does not climb, but rather the fronds (leaves) do. The fronds unroll from the tip, and theoretically never stop growing; they can form thickets as they unroll over other plants, rockfaces, and fences.

Use as garden plants

Gardeners can use the tendency of climbing plants to grow quickly. If a plant display is wanted quickly, a climber can achieve this. Climbers can be trained over walls, pergolas, fences, etc. Climbers can be grown over other plants to provide additional attraction. Artificial support can also be provided. Some climbers climb by themselves; others need work, such as tying them in and training them.

Horticultural climbing plants

The term "Vine" also applies to cucurbitaceae like cucumbers where botanists refer to creeping vines; In commercial agriculture the natural tendency of coiling tendrils to attach themselves to pre-existing structures or espaliers is optimized by the installation of trellis netting.

Vines widely differ in size, form and evolutionary origin. Darwin classified climbing groups based on their climbing method. He classified five classes of vines including twining plants, leaf climbers, tendril bearers, root climbers and hook climbers.

Vines are unique in that they have multiple evolutionary origins and a wide range of phenotypic plasticity. They usually reside in tropical locations and have the unique ability to climb. Vines are able to grow in both deep shade and full sun due to their wide range of phenotypic plasticity. This climbing action prevents shading by neighbors and allows the vine to grow out of reach of herbivores The environment where a vine can grow successfully is determined by the climbing mechanism of a vine and how far it can spread across supports. There are many theories supporting the idea that photosynthetic responses are closely related to climbing mechanisms.

Temperate twining vines, which twist tightly around supports, are typically poorly adapted for climbing beneath closed canopies due to their smaller support diameter and shade intolerance. In contrast, tendril vines usually grow on the forest floor and onto trees until they reach the surface of the canopy, suggesting that they have greater physiological plasticity. It has also been suggested that twining vines revolving growth is mediated by changes in turgor pressure mediated by volume changes in the epidermal cells of the bending zone

Climbing vines possess many unique characteristics in response to changes in their environments. Climbing vines can induce chemical defenses and modify their biomass allocation in response to herbivores. In particular, the twisting vine C. arvensis increases its twining in response to herbivore associated leaf damage, which may lead to reduced future herbivory. Additionally, the tendrils of perennial vine Cayratia japonica are more like to coil around nearby non-self plans than nearby self-plants in natural and experimental settings. This demonstrates the vine’s ability to self-discriminate, which has only been previously documented in roots.

In tendrilled vines, the tendrils are highly sensitive to touch and the coiling action is mediated by the hormones octadecanoids, jasmonates and indole-3-acetic acid. The touch stimulus and hormones may interact via volatile compounds or internal oscillation patterns. Research has found the presence of ion translocating ATPases in the Bryonia dioica species of plants, which has implications for a possible ion mediation tendril curling mechanism. In response to a touch stimulus, vanadate sensitive K+, Mg2+ ATPase and a Ca2+ translocating ATPase both rapidly increase in their activity. This increases transmembrane ion fluxes that appear to be involved in the early stages of tendril coiling.

Examples Spring growth of Virginia Creeper
  • Actinidia arguta, the tara vine
  • Actinidia polygama, the silver vine
  • Adlumia fungosa, the Allegheny vine
  • Aeschynanthus radicans, the lipstick vine
  • Akebia, the chocolate vine
  • Ampelocissus acetosa, known as wild grape or djabaru
  • Ampelopsis glandulosa var. brevipedunculata, known as wild grape or porcelain berry
  • Anredera cordifolia
  • Antigonon, the coral vine
  • Antigonon leptopus, the confederate vine
  • Berchemia scandens, the rattan vine
  • Bignonia, the cross vine
  • Bougainvillea, a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, and trees
  • Campsis, the trumpet vine
    • Campsis grandiflora, the Chinese trumpet vine
  • Cardiospermum halicacabum, the balloon vine
  • Celastrus, the staff vine
  • Ceropegia linearis, the rosary vine or sweetheart vine
  • Cissus antarctica, the kangaroo vine
  • Cissus hypoglauca, the water vine
  • Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus, the watermelon
  • Cucumis sativus, the cucumber
  • Cyphostemma juttae, known as wild grape
  • Fallopia baldschuanica, the Russian vine
  • Hedera helix, known as common ivy, English ivy, European ivy, or ivy
  • Kennedia coccinea, the common coral vine
  • Lagenaria siceraria, known as the bottle gourd, calabash, opo squash, or long melon
  • Lathyrus odoratus, the sweet pea
  • Lonicera japonica, known as Suikazura or Japanese honeysuckle
  • Luffa, a genus of tropical and subtropical vines classified in the cucumber (Cucurbitaceae) family
  • Lygodium, a genus of about 40 species of ferns, known as climbing ferns
  • Momordica charantia, the bitter gourd
  • Mikania scandens, the hemp vine
  • Muehlenbeckia adpressa, the macquarie vine
  • Nepenthes, a genus of carnivorous plants known as tropical pitcher plants or monkey cups
  • Pandorea pandorana, the wonga wonga vine
  • Parthenocissus quinquefolia, known as the Virginia creeper, Victoria creeper, five-leaved ivy, or five-finger
  • Passiflora edulis, the passionfruit
  • Periploca graeca, the silk vine
  • Podranea ricasoliana, the pink trumpet vine
  • Pueraria lobata, the kudzu vine
  • Scindapsus pictus, the silver vine
  • Sechium edule, known as chayote, christophene, or several other names
  • Solandra, a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family
  • Solanum laxum, the potato vine
  • Strongylodon macrobotrys, the jade vine
  • Syngonium, the goosefoot vine
    • Syngonium podophyllum, the arrowhead vine
  • Thunbergia grandiflora, known as the Bengal clock vine or blue trumpet vine
  • Thunbergia erecta, the bush clock vine
  • Toxicodendron radicans, known as poison ivy
  • Vitis, any of about sixty species of grape
  • Wisteria, a genus of flowering plants in the pea family
See also
  • Vine (disambiguation)
  • Bine (botany), a type of plant similar to and often confused with vines.
  • Liana, any of various long-stemmed, woody vines
  • List of world's longest vines
  • Vine training systems
    • Pergola
    • Trellis (architecture)
  1. ^ Brown, Lesley (1993). The New shorter Oxford English dictionary on historical principles. Oxford : Clarendon. ISBN 0-19-861271-0. 
  2. ^ Jackson, Benjamin, Daydon; A Glossary of Botanic Terms with their Derivation and Accent; Published by Gerald Duckworth & Co. London, 4th ed 1928
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English dictionary, 6th ed. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2007. p. 3804. ISBN 0199206872. 
  4. ^ "Creepers". mannuthynursery. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Glimn-Lacy, Janice; Kaufman, Peter B. (2006). Botany Illustrated. Springer. 
  6. ^ Gianoli, Ernesto (2004). "Evolution of a climbing habit promotes diversification in flowering plants". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 271 (1552): 2011–2015. doi:10.1098/rspb.2004.2827. JSTOR 4142967. PMC 1691831 . PMID 15451690. 
  7. ^ Putz, Francis E. "Vine Ecology". Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  8. ^ Weakley, Alan (2010). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States (PDF). p. 661. 
  9. ^ "Japanese climbing fern". Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  10. ^ Gianoli, Ernesto; Molina-Montenegro, Marco A. (2005). "Leaf Damage Induces Twining in a Climbing Plant". The New Phytologist. 167 (2): 385–90. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01484.x. JSTOR 3694507. 
  11. ^ Carter, Gregory A.; Teramura, Alan H. (1988). "Vine Photosynthesis and Relationships to Climbing Mechanisms in a Forest Understory". American Journal of Botany. 75 (7): 1101. doi:10.2307/2443769. JSTOR 2443769. 
  12. ^ Millet, B.; Melin, D.; Badot, P.-M. (1988). "Circumnutation in Phaseolus vulgaris. I. Growth, osmotic potential and cell ultrastructure in the free moving part of the shoot". Physiologia Plantarum. 72: 133–138. doi:10.1111/j.1399-3054.1988.tb06634.x. 
  13. ^ Molina-Montenegro, Marco A.; Gianoli, Ernesto; Becerra, José (2007). "Interactive Effects of Leaf Damage, Light Intensity and Support Availability on Chemical Defenses and Morphology of a Twining Vine". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 33 (1): 95–103. doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9215-8. 
  14. ^ Fukano, Yuya; Yamawo, Akira (26 August 2015). "Self-discrimination in the tendrils of the vine is mediated by physiological connection". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 282 (1814): 20151379. doi:10.1098/rspb.2015.1379. PMC 4571702 . PMID 26311669. 
  15. ^ Liß, H.; Weiler, E. W. (July 1994). "Ion-translocating ATPases in tendrils of Bryonia dioica Jacq". Planta. 194 (2): 169–180. doi:10.1007/BF00196385. JSTOR 23383001. 
External links Look up vine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Climbing plants.
  •  Beach, Chandler B., ed. (1914). "Twiner". The New Student's Reference Work. Chicago: F. E. Compton and Co. 
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Safavieh Florida Shag Collection SG455-1111 Scrolling Vine Cream Graceful Swirl Area Rug (2'3" x 4')
Safavieh Florida Shag Collection SG455-1111 Scrolling Vine Cream Graceful Swirl Area Rug (2'3" x 4')
Classic shag carpets have been given a makeover with this elegantly detailed rug from Safavieh’s Florida Shag Collection. Embodying a truly rhythmic artistic motif, this rug adds a visually stunning aesthetic to any room of your choosing. Its unique and luxurious high-low pile sparks visual interest and is a tangible delight. With a 1.18-inch pile height, this plush rug is sumptuous underfoot, yet holds up in high-traffic areas. A high-density polypropylene pile and power-loomed construction provides durability, and creates a virtually non-shedding rug for stress-free maintenance and outstanding performance. The understated elegance of the Florida Shag rug will add a beautiful, casual, and creative accent to your home’s interior, while adding cushioned softness to any room with hardwood floors—from the living room, bedroom, foyer, or home office. Featured in a delightful cream color, this neutral rug is the perfect backdrop or tasteful statement piece for unlimited styles of décor. Conjuring up images of classic artwork like Gustav Klimt’s Tree of Life, which features spiraling tree branches, this rug’s well-loved light and airy design will intrigue onlookers from every angle. Primary Materials: Polypropylene Latex backingStyle: ContemporaryPrimary Color: CreamCountry of Origin: Turkey Rug Dimensions: 2'3" x 4'

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Tangled Vines (Tales of the Scavenger's Daughters Book 2)
Tangled Vines (Tales of the Scavenger's Daughters Book 2)
With the bad memories of the Cultural Revolution and a life of hard work behind them, Benfu and his treasured Calla Lily are content watching their daughters blossom—six young women who they adopted as their own. But when a clue to the whereabouts of the biological daughter they lost decades ago suddenly surfaces, they begin a frantic search to find their beloved Dahlia…Li Jin has lived thirty years at the mercy of cruel foster parents and a bleak orphanage, often surviving on the streets. But now that she has a son, she must try to make a better life for them—even if it means withstanding the abuse of a seedy foreigner in exchange for a home. But when Erik’s treatment turns truly sadistic, she must find a way to escape once and for all…A beautiful yet haunting story about the “lost girls” of China, Tangled Vines takes us on a journey of heartbreak and then hope as we witness a woman’s quest to change her fate and a family’s last chance to untangle the lies of the past.

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Strong's & Vine's Word Study Pack, 2 Volumes
Strong's & Vine's Word Study Pack, 2 Volumes

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DRAGON VINES Toddler Christmas Pajamas Set, 2 Piece Dinosaur Shirt Top & Pants, Kids Halloween Boy' Gift
DRAGON VINES Toddler Christmas Pajamas Set, 2 Piece Dinosaur Shirt Top & Pants, Kids Halloween Boy' Gift
Customer satisfaction is our top goal. Please feel free to contact us for any question. Brand:DRAGON VINES Material: Cotton Package Content: 1 x shirt + 1 x pant Garment Care: Machine wash cold (hand wash recommended). Your little one will sleep comfortable with this pajama set. You'll love these cute and comfy pjs! Top and bottom are made of soft cotton. For fire safety, these pajamas should fit snugly. 100% Cotton. Machine wash warm, inside out. These pajamas are snugly fitted pajamas. If your child is above average consider a bigger size because of the snug fit. We hope you enjoy these pajamas from our unique collection. . Delivery Time: The standard shipping way will take longer time such as 7-15 working days to US.And you could choose expedited service,it will take 3-7 working days to your side. Color Disclaimer: As different computers display colors differently, the color of the actual item may vary slightly from the above images, thanks for your understanding.

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French Bull - Garmin Vivofit 2 Replacement Band, Garmin Vivofit 2 Wristband, Garmin Vivofit 2 Fitness Band (Vine Black)
French Bull - Garmin Vivofit 2 Replacement Band, Garmin Vivofit 2 Wristband, Garmin Vivofit 2 Fitness Band (Vine Black)
French Bull - Garmin Vivofit 2 Replacement Band, Garmin Vivofit 2 Wristband, Garmin Vivofit 2 Fitness Band

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Exo Terra Jungle Vine, Small
Exo Terra Jungle Vine, Small
The Exo Terra Jungle Vines can be used for decorative purposes or for enlargement of the dwelling area. These water-proof vines are bendable, twistable life-like vines with a natural feel and look. The vines can be twisted together with vines of different sizes to create a 3-D habitat. Exo Terra Jungle Vines are perfect for arboreal reptiles and amphibians. It helps to create a natural environment in which your reptile feels right at home.

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3X VINEYARD VINES Whale Vinyl Stickers - American Flag, Patchwork, Classic Pink - PREPPY 2.0 x 4.5"
3X VINEYARD VINES Whale Vinyl Stickers - American Flag, Patchwork, Classic Pink - PREPPY 2.0 x 4.5"
BUNDLE OF 3 (THREE) 100% AUTHENTIC VINEYARD VINES STICKERS! DIMENSION: 2.00" x 4.50" STYLES: American flag, Patchwork and Classic Pink WHALES! MATERIAL: OUTDOOR/INDOOR Vinyl w/ UV inhibitor!

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Two Vines
Two Vines

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N. Gil Large Travel Cosmetic Pouch Bag 2 (Multi Vine)
N. Gil Large Travel Cosmetic Pouch Bag 2 (Multi Vine)
Made from water resistant canvas material. Zip top closure. Size of bag, 8.5 x 6.5 x 3.8 inches. Foam padded. Fully lined interior. Perfect to pack jewelry or/and cosmetic for travel. Great gift or souvenir idea for your friends and family.

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