West Wing
West Wing
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West Wing
The West Wing of the White House, also known as the Executive Office Building, houses the offices of the President of the United States. The West Wing contains

View Wikipedia Article

For the television series set in this location, see The West Wing. The West Wing (lower right) by night, December 2006. The White House Complex.

The West Wing of the White House, also known as the Executive Office Building, houses the offices of the President of the United States. The West Wing contains the Oval Office, the Cabinet Room, the Situation Room, and the Roosevelt Room.

The West Wing's three floors contain offices for the White House Chief of Staff, the Counselor to the President, the Senior Advisor to the President, the White House Press Secretary, and their support staffs. The Vice-President has an office in the building, but the VP's primary office is next door in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building.

The James S. Brady Press Briefing Room – where the Press Secretary makes announcements and gives daily briefings to reporters – is located in the West Colonnade of the White House, between the West Wing and the Executive Residence.

Contents
  • 1 History
  • 2 First Floor
    • 2.1 Oval Office
    • 2.2 Cabinet Room
    • 2.3 Roosevelt Room
    • 2.4 Press Briefing Room
  • 3 Ground Floor
    • 3.1 Situation Room
    • 3.2 White House Mess
  • 4 Second Floor
  • 5 Depiction on The West Wing TV series
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

History The main entrance on the north side. West Wing from above. Note the Oval Office and the solar panels on the roof of the Cabinet Room.

Before construction of the West Wing, presidential staff worked on the second floor of what is now the Executive Residence. However, when Theodore Roosevelt became President, he found that the existing offices in the Mansion were insufficient to accommodate his family of six children as well as his staff.

In 1902, First Lady Edith Roosevelt hired McKim, Meade & White to separate the living quarters from the offices, to enlarge and modernize the public rooms, to re-do the landscaping, and to redecorate the interior. Congress approved over half a million dollars for the renovation.

The West Wing was originally intended as a temporary office structure, built on the site of the greenhouse and stables. The President's Office and the Cabinet Room took up the eastern third of the building. President Roosevelt's office was located approximately where the Roosevelt Room is now.

In 1909, William Howard Taft expanded the building southward, covering the tennis court. He placed the first Oval Office at the center of the addition's south facade, reminiscent of the oval rooms of the White House.

President Herbert Hoover rebuilt the West Wing at the beginning of his administration, excavating a partial basement, and supporting it with structural steel. The completed building lasted less than seven months. On December 24, 1929, the West Wing was significantly damaged by an electrical fire. Hoover rebuilt it, and added air-conditioning.

The fourth and final major reorganization was undertaken by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Dissatisfied with the size and layout of the West Wing, he engaged New York architect Eric Gugler to redesign it in 1933. To create additional space without increasing the apparent size of the building, Gugler excavated a full basement, added a set of subterranean offices under the adjacent lawn, and built an unobtrusive "penthouse" story. The directive to wring the most office space out of the existing building was responsible for its narrow corridors and cramped staff offices. Gugler's most notable change was the addition to the east side containing a new Cabinet Room, Secretary's Office, and Oval Office. The new office's location gave presidents greater privacy, allowing them to slip back and forth between the White House and the West Wing without being in full view of the staff.

As presidential staffs grew substantially in the latter half of the 20th century, the West Wing generally came to be seen as too small for its modern governmental functions. Today, most of the staff members of the Executive Office of the President are located in the adjacent Eisenhower Executive Office Building—originally the State, War, and Navy Building, after the departments it was built to house.

First Floor First Floor plan. Oval Office Main article: Oval Office Cabinet Room Main article: Cabinet Room (White House) Roosevelt Room Main article: Roosevelt Room

Nixon also renamed the room previously called by Franklin Roosevelt the "Fish Room" (where he kept aquariums, and where John F. Kennedy displayed trophy fish) in honor of the two Presidents Roosevelt: Theodore, who first built the West Wing, and Franklin, who built the current Oval Office. By tradition, a portrait of Franklin Roosevelt hangs over the mantel of the Roosevelt Room during the administration of a president from the Democratic Party and a portrait of Theodore Roosevelt hangs during the administration of a Republican president (although President Clinton chose to retain the portrait of Theodore Roosevelt above the mantel). In the past, the portrait not hanging over the mantel hung on the opposite wall. However, during the first term of President George W. Bush's administration, an audio-visual cabinet was placed on the opposite wall providing secure audio and visual conference capabilities across the hall from the Oval Office.

Press Briefing Room Main article: James S. Brady Press Briefing Room

During the 1930s, the March of Dimes constructed a swimming pool so that FDR could exercise, as therapy for his disability. Richard Nixon had the swimming pool covered over to create the Press Briefing Room, where the White House Press Secretary gives daily briefings.

Ground Floor Ground Floor plan. Situation Room Main article: White House Situation Room White House Mess

The West Wing ground floor is also the site of a cafeteria, staffed by Naval culinary specialists and called the White House Mess. It is located underneath the Oval Office, and was established by President Truman on June 11, 1951.

Second Floor Second Floor plan. Depiction on The West Wing TV series Main article: The West Wing

In 1999, The West Wing television series brought greater public attention to the workings of the Presidential staff, as well as to the location of those working in the West Wing. The show followed the working lives of a fictional Democratic American president, Josiah Bartlet, and his senior staff. When asked whether the show accurately captured the working environment in 2003, Press Secretary Scott McClellan commented that the show portrayed more foot traffic and larger rooms than in the real West Wing.

References
  1. ^ "Tour the West Wing". Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "The Oval Office". Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  3. ^ "The President's Cabinet". 
  4. ^ "Situation Room". 
  5. ^ a b "Roosevelt Room". 
  6. ^ a b c "Inside the White House". 
  7. ^ "TR Center - Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt". TheodoreRooseveltCenter.org. Retrieved 2016-11-30. 
  8. ^ Gould, Lewis L. (2014-02-04). American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. Routledge. ISBN 9781135311551. 
  9. ^ a b c d William Seale, The President's House (White House Historical Association, 1986), pp. 946-49.
  10. ^ The underground offices became the Situation Room and White House Mess. 1938 photo, showing courtyard lighting the underground offices from Library of Congress.
  11. ^ "West Wing of the White House". 
  12. ^ Ingle, Saul (December 2001). "Dinner at 1600 - naval Mess Management Specialists on duty in White House". All Hands. Retrieved 2013-05-25. 
  13. ^ "Scott McClellan Hosts Ask the White House". The White House. National Archives. Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to West Wing.
  • White House Museum: West Wing, with floorplan and historical images
  • West Wing Interactive, from National Journal Magazine
  • v
  • t
  • e
White House Complex White House Executive
Residence Basement
  • Basement
  • Chief Floral Designer
Ground floor
  • China Room
    • collection
  • Office of the Curator
  • Diplomatic Reception Room
  • Library
  • Map Room
  • Vermeil Room
State floor
  • Blue Room
  • Cross Hall
  • East Room
  • Entrance Hall
  • Family Dining Room
  • Grand Staircase
  • Green Room
  • Red Room
  • South Portico
  • State Dining Room
  • Chief Usher
Second floor
  • Center Hall
  • Dressing Room
  • East Bedroom
  • East Sitting Hall
  • Family Kitchen
  • Lincoln Bedroom
  • Lincoln Sitting Room
  • President's Bedroom
  • President's Dining Room
  • Private Sitting Room
  • Queens' Bedroom
  • Queens' Sitting Room
  • Treaty Room
  • Truman Balcony
  • West Bedroom
  • West Sitting Hall
  • Yellow Oval Room
Third floor
  • Center Hall
  • Diet Kitchen
  • Linen Room
  • Music Room
  • Sun Room
  • Work-out Room



West Wing
  • Cabinet Room
  • Executive Office
  • Oval Office
  • Oval Office Study
  • Press Briefing Room
  • Roosevelt Room
  • Situation Room
East Wing
  • Office of the First Lady
  • Graphics and Calligraphy Office
  • Presidential Emergency Operations Center
  • White House Family Theater
  • Social Secretary
  • Visitors Office
  • White House Military Office
Grounds
  • The Ellipse
  • Jacqueline Kennedy Garden
  • Lafayette Square
  • North Lawn
  • President's Park
  • Rose Garden
  • South Lawn
  • White House to Treasury Building tunnel
Annex
  • Eisenhower Executive Office Building
  • New Executive Office Building
  • White House Conference Center
  • Blair House
  • Trowbridge House
  • Presidential Townhouse
Surrounding streets
  • 15th Street
  • 17th Street
  • Constitution Avenue
  • E Street
  • East Executive Avenue
  • H Street NW
  • Hamilton Place
  • Jackson Place
  • Madison Place
  • Pennsylvania Avenue
  • State Place
  • West Executive Avenue
  • v
  • t
  • e
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 26th President of the United States, 1901–1909
  • 25th Vice President of the United States, 1901
  • 33rd Governor of New York, 1899–1900
  • Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1897–1898
  • New York City Police Commissioner, 1895–1897
  • New York State Assemblyman, 1882
  • 1883
  • 1884
Presidency
  • First inauguration
    • historic site
  • Second inauguiration
  • "Square Deal"
  • Booker T. Washington dinner
  • Conservation
    • Newlands Reclamation Act
    • Transfer Act of 1905
    • Antiquities Act
    • Pelican Island
    • Devils Tower National Monument
    • Muir Woods National Monument
    • Other National Monuments
    • United States Forest Service,
    • United States Reclamation Service
    • National Wildlife Refuge System
    • Roosevelt Arch
    • Conference of Governors
  • Northern Securities Company breakup
    • court case
  • Coal strike of 1902
  • Pure Food and Drug Act
    • Food and Drug Administration
  • Meat Inspection Act
  • Expediting Act
  • Elkins Act
  • Hepburn Act
  • Aldrich–Vreeland Act
  • Federal Employers Liability Act
  • Kinkaid Act
  • Big Stick ideology
  • Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty
    • Panama Canal Zone
    • Panama Canal
  • Venezuelan crisis
    • Roosevelt Corollary
  • Occupation of Cuba
  • Russo-Japanese War
    • Treaty of Portsmouth
    • 1906 Nobel Peace Prize
    • Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907
  • College football meetings
  • Bureau of Investigation
  • Department of Commerce and Labor
    • Bureau of Corporations
  • Keep Commission
  • Inland Waterways Commission
  • Bureau of the Census
  • Great White Fleet
  • Perdicaris incident
  • Cabinet
  • White House West Wing
  • State of the Union Address, 1901
  • 1906
  • 1908
  • White House desk
  • Federal judiciary appointments
Other
events
  • Spanish–American War
    • Rough Riders
    • Battle of Las Guasimas
    • Battle of San Juan Hill
  • "Bull Moose" Progressive Party
    • New Nationalism
    • Assassination attempt
  • Boone and Crockett Club
  • Smithsonian–Roosevelt African Expedition
  • "River of Doubt" Amazonian expedition
Life and
homes
  • Birthplace, boyhood home replica
  • Sagamore Hill Home and Museum
    • Oyster Bay
  • Elkhorn Ranch
  • Maltese Cross Cabin
  • Pine Knot cabin
  • Gravesite
Writings
and speeches
  • Theodore Roosevelt bibliography
  • The Naval War of 1812 (1882 book)
  • "The Strenuous Life" (1899 speech)
  • "Citizenship in a Republic" (1910 speech)
  • "I have just been shot" (1912 speech)
  • The Forum magazine articles
  • Theodore Roosevelt Cyclopedia
  • Archival collections
Elections
  • New York state election, 1898
  • Republican National Convention, 1900
  • 1904
  • 1912
  • 1916
  • United States presidential election, 1900
  • 1904
  • 1912
Legacy
  • Mount Rushmore
  • Theodore Roosevelt Center and Digital Library
  • White House Roosevelt Room
  • Theodore Roosevelt National Park
    • Theodore Roosevelt Wilderness
  • Theodore Roosevelt Island
  • Roosevelt National Forest
  • Roosevelt Study Center
  • Theodore Roosevelt Association
  • Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Park
    • Monument Assemblage
  • Roosevelt River
  • Theodore Roosevelt Award
  • Roosevelt Road
  • U.S. Postage stamps
  • Theodore Roosevelt, Rough Rider sculpture
  • Equestrian statue
Popular
culture
  • Teddy bear
  • "Speak softly, and carry a big stick"
  • Books
  • Films
    • Roosevelt in Africa 1910 documentary
    • The Roosevelts 2014 documentary
Related
  • Political positions
  • "Bully pulpit"
  • Ananias Club
    • "Nature fakers"
  • Progressive Era
  • A Guest of Honor
  • Porcellian Club
  • "Muckraker"
  • National Collegiate Athletic Association
  • "Roosevelt Republican"
Family
  • Alice Hathaway Lee (first wife)
  • Edith Kermit Carow (second wife)
  • Alice Lee Roosevelt (daughter)
  • Theodore Roosevelt III (son)
  • Kermit Roosevelt (son)
  • Ethel Carow Roosevelt (daughter)
  • Archibald Roosevelt (son)
  • Quentin Roosevelt (son)
  • Theodore Roosevelt Sr. (father)
  • Martha Stewart Bulloch (mother)
  • Anna Roosevelt (sister)
  • Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt (brother)
  • Corinne Roosevelt (sister)
  • Cornelius Roosevelt (paternal grandfather)
  • James Stephens Bulloch (maternal grandfather)
  • James A. Roosevelt (paternal uncle)
  • Robert Roosevelt (paternal uncle)
  • James Dunwoody Bulloch (maternal half-uncle)
  • Irvine Bulloch (maternal uncle)
  • Theodore Douglas Robinson (nephew)
  • Corinne Robinson (niece)
  • Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (niece)
  • Hall Roosevelt (nephew)
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt (fifth cousin)
  • ← William McKinley
  • William Howard Taft →
  • Category

Coordinates: 38°53′51″N 77°02′15″W / 38.897370°N 77.037425°W / 38.897370; -77.037425



The West Wing: The Complete Series Collection
The West Wing: The Complete Series Collection
The West Wing ventured where no other TV series had gone before: an extraordinarily intimate look at an American President and the inner workings of the White House. Experience all the crises, triumphs, lofty idealism and hard realities of the acclaimed series in this complete seven-season DVD set. Here, on 45 discs, are all 154 episodes of the series that won 26 Emmys, including 4 for Outstanding Drama Series. Hail to chief - and to the creators and stars of this ground-breaking series.Note on Boxed Sets: During shipping, discs in boxed sets occasionally become dislodged without damage. Please examine and play these discs. If you are not completely satisfied, we'll refund or replace your purchase.

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$109.99
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The West Wing: Season 1
The West Wing: Season 1
West Wing: The Complete First Season (DVD)Experience the inner workings of the White House in this innovative, multiple Emmy® Award-winning drama series created by Emmy® winner Aaron Sorkin (Sports Night). Brilliant United States President Josiah Bartlet's folksy charm and country-lawyer charisma complement his deep conviction and his devotion to what he believes is right for the country. And his eclectic group of frenzied staffers tirelessly labors on behalf of those principles morning, noon, and night in The West Wing. Martin Sheen (Apocalypse Now) leads an acclaimed ensemble cast.]]>

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$22.49



The West Wing: Season 3
The West Wing: Season 3
West Wing: The Complete Third Season (DVD)Experience the inner workings of the White House in this innovative drama series created by Emmy® winner Aaron Sorkin (Sports Night). Martin Sheen (Apocalypse Now) leads a commended ensemble cast. The West Wing continues to earn its acclaim in its third Emmy® Award-winning season. Starting with a bang -- and a boom -- the first episode deals with the aftermath of a terrorist attack, and has the White House in security lockdown. The drama continues through the season’s 23 episodes, as the president and his players mine the delicate political terrain amidst personal trials and triumphs.]]>

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The West Wing: Season 2
The West Wing: Season 2
West Wing: The Complete Second Season (DVD)It's never politics as usual inside this Oval Office. The President and his staff have been targeted for disruption by rival politicians, soon after being targeted by would-be assassins. Yet the determined colleagues continue to serve the U.S. and its President as the administration heads through midterm elections and into a crisis that leads to allegations of criminal conduct. The West Wing's second season won the Best Drama Series Emmy and Golden Globe Awards.]]>

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The West Wing: Season 5
The West Wing: Season 5
West Wing: The Complete Fifth Season (DVD)Experience the inner workings of the White House in this innovative, multi-award-winning drama series created by Emmy® winner Aaron Sorkin (Sports Night). Martin Sheen, as President Bartlet, continues to leads an acclaimed ensemble cast.Entering its fifth season with a total of 24 Emmys®, The West Wing begins as the President -- and the nation -- faces the traumatic kidnapping of his youngest daughter, and that it may be the result of his controversial political actions. As the President steps down temporarily, handing executive powers to the Speaker of the House (John Goodman), the White House is overrun with rivals. This season features the 100th episode, written by acclaimed novelist John Sacret Young; a killer tornado in Oklahoma; and a visit to the Gaza Strip. Notable recurring guest stars this season include Timothy Busfield, Lily Tomlin, Mary-Louise Parker, Matthew Perry, Marlee Matlin, Mary McCormack, Jesse Bradford, William Devane, Annabeth Gish and Anna Deveare Smith.]]>

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$21.44
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The West Wing: Season 6
The West Wing: Season 6
West Wing: The Complete Sixth Season (DVD)Experience the inner workings of the White House in this innovative, multi-award-winning drama series created by Emmy® winner Aaron Sorkin (Sports Night) and executive produced by Emmy® winners John Wells (ER), Alex Graves (Journeyman) and Christopher Misiano (ER). Martin Sheen (Apocalypse Now), as President Josiah Bartlet, continues to lead an acclaimed ensemble cast.The West Wing enters its sixth season with a total of 25 Emmy® Awards, including a win for Allison Janney (Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series) for her portrayal of C.J. Cregg, newly promoted to Chief of Staff. Mary McCormack takes on series- star status as the brash new Deputy National Security Advisor Kate Harper. High-profile recurring guest stars include Emmy® Award winner Alan Alda as Arnold Vinick, a Republican senator from California with presidential ambitions; Emmy® winner Jimmy Smits as three-term Houston Congressman Matthew Santos; and Sam Robards, reprising his role as member of the press Greg Brock.]]>

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$21.49
-$18.49(-46%)



The West Wing: Season 4
The West Wing: Season 4
West Wing: The Complete Fourth Season (DVD)Follow the re-election of President Bartlet to his second term and witness the gripping personal crisis that forces him to chose between the best interests of the country and those of his family. Compelling and clever storylines reveal the inner workings of the White House in this innovative, multiple Emmy-Award-winning drama series from producers John Wells ("ER," "China Beach"), Aaron Sorkin ("Sports Night") and Thomas Schlamme ("Sports Night"). The West Wing's fourth season received 15 Emmy nominations and 2 wins including, Best Drama Series and Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series.]]>

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$21.91
-$18.07(-45%)



The West Wing: Season 7
The West Wing: Season 7
West Wing: The Complete Seventh Season (DVD)Experience the inner workings of the White House in this innovative, multi-award-winning drama series. Martin Sheen (Apocalypse Now) stars as President Josiah Bartlet. After nearly eight years, President Bartlet's time in the White House has come to an end, and two formidable men vie for the Presidency: Arnold Vinick (Alan Alda), a Republican senator from California, and Matthew Santos (Jimmy Smits), a three-term Houston Democratic congressman. After suffering a heart attack, former Advisor to the President Leo McGarry (John Spencer) resolutely serves as Santos' vice presidential running mate, ably assisted by Annabeth Schott (Kristin Chenoweth). Former Deputy Chief of Staff Josh Lyman (Bradley Whitford) keeps his highly regarded political mind in overdrive as Santos' campaign manager. The final season also stars Stockard Channing, Allison Janney, Joshua Malina, Mary McCormack, Janel Moloney and Richard Schiff. Recurring guest star Lily Tomlin continues as Bartlet's quirky secretary.]]>

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$23.88
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