Gourmet Food
Gourmet Food
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presentation, or high sophistication. In the United States, a 1980s gourmet food movement evolved from a long-term division between elitist (or "gourmet")

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For other uses, see Gourmet (disambiguation). Foie gras with Sauternes wine Oysters with caviar Lobster is considered by some as a gourmet food due to its high price. Above is lobster creole Single malt scotch whiskies

Gourmet (US: /ɡɔːrˈmeɪ/, UK: /ˈɡɔːmeɪ/) is a cultural ideal associated with the culinary arts of fine food and drink, or haute cuisine, which is characterised by refined, even elaborate preparations and presentations of aesthetically balanced meals of several contrasting, often quite rich courses. The term and its associated practices are usually used positively to describe people of refined taste and passion.

  • 1 Person
  • 2 Food
  • 3 Gourmet pursuits
  • 4 Origin of term
  • 5 Related concepts
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links


The term gourmet can refer to a person with refined or discriminating taste who is knowledgeable in the craft and art of food and food preparation. Gourmand carries additional connotations of one who simply enjoys food in great quantities. An epicure is similar to a gourmet, but the word may sometimes carry overtones of excessive refinement. A gourmet chef is a chef of particularly high caliber of cooking talent and skill.


Gourmet may describe a class of restaurant, cuisine, meal or ingredient of high quality, of special presentation, or high sophistication. In the United States, a 1980s gourmet food movement evolved from a long-term division between elitist (or "gourmet") tastes and a populist aversion to fancy foods. Gourmet is an industry classification for high-quality premium foods in the United States. In the 2000s, there has been an accelerating increase in the American gourmet market, due in part to rising income, globalization of taste, and health and nutrition concerns. Individual food and beverage categories, such as coffee, are often divided between a standard and a "gourmet" sub-market.

Gourmet pursuits

Certain events such as wine tastings cater to people who consider themselves gourmets and foodies. Television programs (such as those on the Food Network) and publications such as Gourmet magazine often serve gourmets with food columns and features. Gourmet tourism is a niche industry catering to people who travel to food or wine tastings, restaurants, or food and wine production regions for leisure.

Origin of term

The word gourmet is from the French term for a wine broker or taste-vin employed by a wine dealer. Friand was formerly the reputable name for a connoisseur of delicious things that were not eaten primarily for nourishment: "A good gourmet", wrote the conservative eighteenth-century Dictionnaire de Trévoux, employing this original sense, "must have le goût friand", or a refined palate. The pleasure is also visual: "J'aime un ragoût, et je suis friand", Giacomo Casanova declared, "mais s'il n'a pas bonne mine, il me semble mauvais". In the eighteenth century, gourmet and gourmand carried disreputable connotations of gluttony, which only gourmand has retained. Gourmet was rendered respectable by Monsieur Grimod de la Reynière, whose Almanach des Gourmands, essentially the first restaurant guide, appeared in Paris from 1803 to 1812. Previously, even the liberal Encyclopédie offered a moralising tone in its entry Gourmandise, defined as "refined and uncontrolled love of good food", employing reproving illustrations that contrasted the frugal ancient Spartans and Romans of the Republic with the decadent luxury of Sybaris. The Jesuits' Dictionnaire de Trévoux took the Encyclopédistes to task, reminding its readers that gourmandise was one of the Seven Deadly Sins.

Related concepts

Foodie is often used by the media as a conversational synonym for gourmet, although it is a different concept (that of a food aficionado). The word foodie was coined synchronously by Gael Greene in the magazine New York and by Paul Levy and Ann Barr, co-authors of The Official Foodie Handbook (1984).

The term "gourmet" is often used in the context of the MFA Graphic Design department at the renowned design school, Rhode Island School of Design, in Providence, Rhode Island. Situated next door to the MFA Graphic Design's graduate studio on 169 Weybosset Street, Serendipity Gourmet, formerly known as Gourmet Heaven, is widely known among its frequent customers as "Gourmetahaven," named after the Dutch design studio Metahaven. For these graduate students, the word "gourmet" now carries a new meaning that brings to mind anything but the real definition of gourmet.

See also
  • Food portal
  • Fooding – a restaurant guide
  • Michelin Guide – a restaurant guide
  • Specialty foods
  1. ^ Charles McGrath (January 26, 2007). "In Arizona back country, a gourmet life". International Herald Tribune. 
  2. ^ The United States of Arugula:How We Became a Gourmet Nation. Doubleday Broadway. 2006. 
  3. ^ "The U.S. Market for Gourmet and Specialty Foods and Beverages". Packaged Facts. September 2005. 
  4. ^ Vicki Mabrey and Deborah Apton (March 31, 2008). "From McMuffins to McLattes:McDonald's Chases Gourmet Coffee Market, Plans Massive Restaurant Upgrade". ABC News. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  5. ^ Marina Novelli (2004). Niche Tourism: Contemporary Issues, Trends and Cases. Butterworth-Heinemann. 
  6. ^ Christy Harrison (March 7, 2007). "Tour Buses on the Horizon". Travel Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on June 30, 2007. 
  7. ^ Cotgrave's French-English dictionary of 1611, quoted by Jean-Louis Flandrin, whose chapter "Distinction Through Taste", in A History of Private Life: Passions of the Renaissance (Belknap Press, Harvard University) 1989:289-92, "Gluttons and Epicures", traces the significance of these French terms in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
  8. ^ "I love a ragout, and I am a connoisseur, but if it isn't good-looking, it seems bad to me." (Histoire de ma vie, 8:ix) for Casanova the immediate question was whether a young woman of literary tastes would have been interesting if she had not been lovely.
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gourmet. Look up gourmet in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Gourmet
  •  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gourmet". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 288. 
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The Original Donut Shop Regular Keurig Single-Serve K-Cup Pods, Medium Roast Coffee, 12 count, Pack of 6
The Original Donut Shop Regular Keurig Single-Serve K-Cup Pods, Medium Roast Coffee, 12 count, Pack of 6
Before coffee was complicated, great coffee was simply fresh, bold, and flavorful. The Original Donut Shop Regular single serve K-Cup pods bring back the classic donut companion, with this ideally balanced brew of the highest quality Arabica beans...dunking is encouraged. Full-flavored and easy going, this medium roast blend embodies one of the best things in life - simply great coffee. This is an extra bold variety, so each pod contains more 100% Arabica coffee than regular K-Cup pods. These single-serve K-Cup pods are compatible with all Keurig K-Cup Pod Single-Serve Coffee Makers and brew up to 12 oz. of The Original Donut Shop Regular coffee each. Each K-Cup pod is filled with the freshest ground coffee and brews a perfect, great tasting cup of coffee, every time. Certified Orthodox Union Kosher and contains no artificial ingredients. About The Original Donut Shop: Regular never tasted so perfect! The Original Donut Shop Coffee is as good and regular as it gets. It is a celebration of simply great coffee. Not too harsh, not too bitter, Donut Shop coffee delivers a tasty coffee that is just right every time. From the first sip to the last, The Original Donut Shop Coffee K-Cup pods make it easy to bring home the greatness of simple perfection.

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Orgain Organic Plant Based Protein Powder, Creamy Chocolate Fudge, 2.03 Pound, 1 Count
Orgain Organic Plant Based Protein Powder, Creamy Chocolate Fudge, 2.03 Pound, 1 Count
Orgain Organic Creamy Chocolate Fudge Protein Powder is a naturally smooth and delicious nourishment drink with 21g of organic protein and 5g organic fiber per serving. USDA Organic, Gluten Free, Kosher, Vegan, Non-GMO, Soy Free. No artificial flavors, colors or preservatives.

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KIND Nuts and Spices Bar, Dark Chocolate/Nuts/Sea Salt 12ct
KIND Nuts and Spices Bar, Dark Chocolate/Nuts/Sea Salt 12ct
Nuts, Dark Chocolate, and sea salt

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San Francisco Bay OneCup, French Roast, 80 Count- Single Serve Coffee, Compatible with Keurig K-cup Brewers
San Francisco Bay OneCup, French Roast, 80 Count- Single Serve Coffee, Compatible with Keurig K-cup Brewers
From the manufacturer: We're experts in coffee agriculture and roasting but we're also great friends with our partner farmers. We jointly develop a long-term plan to maintain and improve upon the quality of their coffee crop year after year while also focusing on environmental and social responsibility on their farms. Our coffee is strictly premium, Arabica beans grown at high altitudes of 3000 ft. or higher. All of our coffee is also 100% shade grown under a canopy of native trees. High-altitude, shade-grown coffee makes a more complex and delicious cup of coffee. Our coffee is picked by hand so that only the ripest, red cherry is harvested. It's then processed with techniques that result in the highest quality coffee bean. Our first roaster was trained by Alfred Peet who founded Peet's Coffee. From him, we learned the nuances and artistry to coax the maximum flavor from each unique coffee and blend. Since then, we have spent over 30 years perfecting and improving upon this technique. Every day we marry this experience and state-of-the-art technology into an art form to produce not only the very best possible flavor profile from each coffee, but to do it consistently every time. With any Rogers Family gourmet coffee brand, you'll enjoy a premium cup of coffee perfected over 3 decades. Our San Francisco Bay Coffee brand offers you outstanding quality and value with an unparalleled commitment to sustainable agriculture and trade. We offer a rich assortment of premium gourmet coffee, as well as exotic single-origin coffees from Central America and Africa and a great lineup of flavored coffee. Your purchase of Rogers' coffees and teas help us fund our "Community Aid" program that helps to break the cycle of poverty in the towns where we buy our coffee and tea. Through Community Aid, we've built schools, worker housing, medical clinics, and day care centers as well as funded scholarships, teachers, and doctors' salaries.

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Snack Sample Box (get a $9.99 credit toward future purchase of select snack products)
Snack Sample Box (get a $9.99 credit toward future purchase of select snack products)
For a limited time, buy this Snacks Sample Box for $9.99 and receive an equivalent credit towards your next purchase of select snack products. Sample box includes 10 or more items. Samples may vary. Participating brands include: Emerald Cashews, Sea Salt and Pepper: 1.25 oz Emerald Salty Sweet Chocolate Peanut Butter Mixed Nuts: 1.5 oz Nut Harvest Nut & Fruit Mix: 3 oz Wickedly Prime Soft Shell Almonds, Dry Roasted & Salted: 1.25 oz Planters P3 Portable Protein Pack: 1.8 oz Init Nut & Fruit Bars: 1 bar POPCORNERS Carnival Kettle, Popped Corn Chips: 1 ozKettle Potato Chips Cooked in 100% Avocado Oil, Chili Lime: 1 oz Off The Eaten Path Veggie Crisps: 1.25 oz Wickedly Prime Pea Crisps: 1 oz Off The Eaten Path Hummus Crisps: 1.25 oz See complete Terms & Conditions.

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Glaceau Smartwater Vapor Distilled Water, 33.8 Ounce (Pack of 6)
Glaceau Smartwater Vapor Distilled Water, 33.8 Ounce (Pack of 6)
Vapor distillation is a purification process that simulates the hydrologic cycle - the way water is purified in nature. The process separates, purifies and then "regroups" the water molecules. heat is used to vaporize water which leaves behind contaminants and dissolved solids. the vapor is then cooled and the water condenses back to a purified state.

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FIJI Natural Artesian Water, 500mL Bottles (Pack of 24) (packaging may vary)
FIJI Natural Artesian Water, 500mL Bottles (Pack of 24) (packaging may vary)
Case includes 24, 500mL (16.9oz) bottles of FIJI Water. The 500mL size is perfect for everyday on-the-go hydration. Its soft, smooth taste comes from its extraordinary source -- a protected artesian aquifer found deep underground in the remote Fiji Islands. FIJI Water is the choice of discerning top chefs, fine restaurants and hotels around the world.

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RXBAR Whole Food Protein Bar, Chocolate Sea Salt, 1.83 Ounce (Pack of 12)
RXBAR Whole Food Protein Bar, Chocolate Sea Salt, 1.83 Ounce (Pack of 12)
An indulgent combination of 100% pure chocolate spiked with savory sea salt, this protein bar has only 6-8 whole food ingredients and boasts 12 grams of egg white protein, 4 grams of fiber, nutrition-rich fruits and nuts, no gluten, dairy or soy and has zero added sugar. This is as decadent as a protein bar can get. RXBARs are perfect as a convenient breakfast, on-the-go snack or as pre-or-post workout fuel.

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Annie's Organic Bunny Fruit Snacks, Variety Pack, 24 Pouches, 0.8 oz Each
Annie's Organic Bunny Fruit Snacks, Variety Pack, 24 Pouches, 0.8 oz Each
Annie’s uses Organic ingredients that taste great without relying on artificial colors or flavors. Certified organic, these vegan and gluten-free bunny-shaped fruit snacks are made with real fruit juice and packed with 100% Daily Value of Vitamin C. You and your kids can happily agree on this tasty, portable snack. Stock up for less when you use Subscribe & Save and ensure you always have plenty of Annie’s fruit snacks on hand. Get regular and routine deliveries, free shipping, and change or cancel a subscription at any time.

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