King George Colonial Era Currency used in American colonies - Irish Ireland Hibernia Copper British Half Penny 1736 - 1760, 1766-1782
George II Hibernia copper half penny coins were minted from 1736 - 1760. they are British coins, also called Ireland Half Penny. George III Hibernia copper half penny coins were minted from 1736 - 1760. they are British coins, also called Ireland Half Penny. Conditions of each coin varies, look at the scans.Handbook of the coins of Great Britain and Ireland in the British Museum
Handbook of the coins of Great Britain and Ireland in the British Museum 568 pagesBritish Imperialism and the Making of Colonial Currency Systems (Palgrave Studies in the History of Finance)
Based on archival research covering more than two centuries and most former British colonies (West Indies, India, Singapore, Malaya, West Africa and East Africa), this book is a revisionist history of the British imperial manipulations of colonial currency systems to facilitate the rise of sterling to world supremacy via the gold standard, and to slow its eventual decline after World War II.Britain forcibly replaced international currencies, including gold and sterling itself, by new localised silver currencies, backed by gold and sterling reserves in London, under the total control of the British Treasury and the powerful influence of the Bank of England. Ignoring colonial needs, imperial decision-makers continuously over-ruled colonial governments, commercial interest in colonies (British and local), Colonial Office and the Crown Agents, to support liquidity in the London Money Market, convertibility of sterling, export of British capital, and cheap readily available finance for the British Government. Academia, including Keynes and institutions like the London School of Economics, are shown to have played supporting roles. This book is valuable reading for academics and students interested in theories of imperialism, colonial underdevelopment, money (national and international) and related topics such as currency areas and exchange rates. Its comprehensive index links monetary concepts to actual events in the British Empire, with pointers to new research areas. This account of the rise and fall of sterling as a world currency may have lessons for the future trajectories of the US dollar, Euro, Chinese renminbi and the Indian rupee.
$85.01[2-Pack] RFID Shielding Traveling Belt Case BIRUGEAR Gray Passport Money Belt for Travel / Hidden Waist Wallet
The BIRUGEAR Waist Money Belt allows easy access to important items such as passport, ID, credit cards and cash. Wear under shirts or jackets as hidden wallet to avoid pickpockets. The holder has added security with RFID blocking material to protect passport and credit cards from potential identity thieves using scanners. Lightweight and Comfortable CarryThe holder is designed to be thin with minimum bulk so it can be worn discretely under a shirt or jacket. Out of sight and reach from pickpockets.Waist strap can be adjusted. Fits adults, youths, and children. Travel Safe, Travel SmartLayered with RFID blocking material to protect against the 13.56MHz frequency used to scan ID's, Credit Cards, and Passports. The material blocks the items inside of the holder from predatory scanners who try to steal information. Please note: This material only blocks this frequency (for official documents), items using other RFID technology may not be blocked.Travel Like a ProKeep your passport, phone, airline tickets, and other identification documents organized, accessible, and out of sight. Storage: 2 large Zippered Credit Card / Cash Pockets Pack of 2 to share with travel companions or to keep as a spare.
$49.99Yubi Power 2 in 1 Universal Travel Adapter with 2 Universal Outlets - Built in Surge Protector - 3 Pack - Black White Blue - Type M for South Africa, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal and more!
Yubi Power 2 in 1 Universal Travel Adapter with 2 Universal Outlets - Built in Surge Protector - Black White Blue - Type M This Yubi Power travel plug adapter has 2 universal outlets that allow you to plug in most plug types from around the world, excluding the larger South African type M. One socket is three prong while the second socket is two prong. So you can plug it a total of two devices at once. It is CE approved, with a built in surge protector, and has a max of 16A 250V~. Plug Type M works with South Africa / Lesotho / Mozambique / Namibia / Nepal / India / Swaziland
$29.99Europe in Crisis: Bolt from the Blue?
This book analyzes the European Great Recession of 2008-12, its economic and social causes, its historical roots, and the policies adopted by the European Union to find a way out of it. It contains explicit debates with several economists and analysts on some of the most controversial questions about the causes of the crisis and the policies applied by the European Union.It presents the cases of Iceland, Greece and Ireland, the countries that first declined into crisis in Europe, each of them in a different way. Iceland is a case study for reckless banking practices, Greece of reckless public spending, and Ireland of reckless household indebtedness. At least seven other countries, mostly from the peripheries of Europe, had similarly reckless banking and spending practices. In the center of the book are the economic and social causes of the crisis. Contemporary advanced capitalism became financialized, de-industrialized and globalized and got rid of the "straitjacket" of regulations. Solid banking was replaced by high-risk, "casino-type" activity. The European common currency also had a structural problem — monetary unification without a federal state and fiscal unification. The other side of the same coin is European hyper-consumerism. A new lifestyle emerged during two super-prosperous periods in the 1950s to 1960s, and during the 1990s to 2006. Trying to find an exit policy, the European Union turned to strict austerity measures to curb the budget deficit and indebtedness. This book critically analyzes the debate around austerity policy.The creation of important supra-national institutions, and of a financial supervisory authority and stability mechanisms, strengthens integration. The correction of the euro’s structural mistake by creating a quasi-fiscal unification is even more important. The introduction of mandatory fiscal rules and their supervision promises a long-term solution for a well-functioning common currency. These measures, meanwhile, create a two-tier European Union with a fast-track core. This book suggests that the European Union will emerge stronger from the crisis.This book will be of particular interest to students and researchers of economics, history, political science and international finance, but will also prove profitable reading for practitioners and the interested public.Colombian Banknotes Ats 100 Pieces (PCS) of Different World MIX,Currency,Uncirculated,, Ship From USA Fast Delivery
100 Pieces (PCS) of Different World MIX Foreign Banknotes,Currency,UncirculatedZero Grid Neck Wallet w/RFID Blocking- Concealed Travel Pouch & Passport Holder
WHY CHOOSE ZERO GRID As a team of seasoned travelers Zero Grid designs products for use in their own expeditions, making uncompromising quality and lasting durability the cornerstones of their product philosophy. Zero Grid consistently improves their designs and thoroughly field test every product before it finally joins their high quality line. HIGH QUALITY MATERIALS Water-resistant, Rip-stop Nylon with Double Stitched reinforced Seams. Dependable, no-snag YKK Zippers. NO flimsy velcro. RFID blocking in large vertical pocket. PLENTY OF ROOM Holds all precious documents and personal items together. Works as a Passport Holder and Travel wallet. Great for Families needing a passport case for multiple passports. THE PERFECT GIFT! Give loved ones the gift of stress-free travel. Equipped with security features providing a passport cover and complete protection from the nightmares of theft while traveling. BUY NOW WITH CONFIDENCE -We stand behind our products with a 100% Satisfaction Lifetime Money Back Guarantee.
$34.95Liili Mouse Pad Natural Rubber Mousepad IMAGE ID: 7059383 A pot at the end of the rainbow shown surounded by a lucky clover garden and roling hills of grass in the background
US Seller! High quality cloth weave surface bonded to a special NON-SLIP 100% natural ECO-Friendly rubber base to enhance precise tracking, effortless control, steady surface support and extended durability. Silky surface is Stain and Water resistant. It can be wiped clean easily. Machine washable. The color of product may appear slightly different on individual monitors.
$9.9910cm Stained Glass Loose Coaster Ireland Celtic Knot And Green Ireland Text
This coaster is a really unique addition to your home decor. It is made with stained mirror using the colours and patterns that are found in Celtic artwork, including the famous Book of Kells. The corners are decorated with elegant Trinity Knots; the simplest of Celtic Knots symbolising a triune God. For the Celts everything came in threes, maid, mother, crone and the three elements earth, fire and water. Christianity embraced this knot to symbolise the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. This use of this trinity knot in art is associated with eternity and eternal love. In the centre there is a beautiful green harp. This instrument is Ireland's official cultural and political symbol and appears in Celtic artwork, public notices and our currency. A beautiful gift from Ireland.