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Clothes line
Prohibitions on the Use of Clotheslines on December 10, 2010 to allow all homeowners in the province to use clotheslines, regardless of restrictive covenants

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For other uses, see Clothesline (disambiguation). This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. (November 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Clothes lines located on the islet of Hooge in northern Germany. Clothes lines located in Tripoli in northern Lebanon.

A clothes line or washing line is any type of rope, cord, or twine that has been stretched between two points (e.g. two sticks), outside or indoors, above the level of the ground. Clothing that has recently been washed is hung along the line to dry, using clothes pegs or clothespins. Washing lines are attached either from a post or a wall, and are frequently located in back gardens, or on balconies. Longer washing lines often have props holding up sections in the middle due to the weight of the usually wet clothing.

More elaborate rotary washing lines save space and are typically retractable and square or triangular in shape, with multiple lines being used (such as the Hills Hoist from Australia). Some can be folded up when not in use (although there is a very minor hazard of getting fingers caught, so there is usually a safety button).

In Scotland, many tenement buildings have a "drying green", which is a communal area predominantly used for clothes lines – it may also be used as a recreational space - as well as a clothes horse connected to a pulley system inside which can be used in the frequently cold winter weather.

  • 1 Comparison with clothes dryer
    • 1.1 Advantages
    • 1.2 Disadvantages
  • 2 Drying laundry indoors
  • 3 Factors that determine the drying duration
  • 4 Drying laundry in freezing conditions
  • 5 Controversy in North America
  • 6 Images
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links
Comparison with clothes dryer A rotary, or Hills Hoist, type of clothes line Sundrying in Hermiston, Oregon.

Both clothes lines and clothes dryers serve the same purpose: drying clothes that have been recently washed, or that are wet in general. Here are some advantages and disadvantages of using a clothes line instead of a mechanical dryer:

  • Saves money.[1][2]
  • Zero greenhouse gas emissions per load[1][2] (2 kg CO2eq of greenhouse gas emissions from the average mechanical clothes dryer per load).[3]
  • Less fabric wear and tear.[2]
  • Laundry items do not shrink (hot air from a mechanical clothes dryer may shrink items).
  • No static cling and no perfume smells throughout the neighborhood from fabric softener and anti-static dryer sheets.
  • Laundry items stay softer to the touch (mechanical clothes dryers tend to remove short, soft, fine fibers), and may be less wrinkled.
  • Laundry items often do not need ironing if line dried in a breeze.
  • Avoids the potential of airborne lint and reduced air quality.
  • Eliminates the noise from a mechanical clothes dryer.
  • Does not vent indoor air to the outside and waste the large volume of conditioned (heated or cooled) air that a mechanical dryer's blower does.
  • For a simple line drying arrangement (rope and clothes pins) the repair and replacement costs are about $20.00 per 1,000 loads of laundry or 2 cents per load. For non-commercial mechanical clothes drying the repair and replacement costs (including labor expenses) are about $200.00 per 1,000 loads of laundry or 20 cents per load.
  • Putting laundry on a line usually takes more time than putting it into a mechanical dryer (as laundry items have to be hung up and fixed one by one).
  • Laundry items need to be hung indoors during rainy weather, or may get wet if the weather changes.
  • Neighbours may find it aesthetically unpleasant.[1]
  • Exposing dirty laundry can lessen privacy, showing information about inhabitants' living habits.
  • There may be a risk of theft or vandalism of clothes depending on where the clothes are hanged.
  • Environmental contaminants such as soil, dust, smoke, automotive or industrial pollutants, pollen and bird and animal droppings can come in contact with clothing.
  • Clothespins can leave imprints (including rust from the spring) on the clothes.
Drying laundry indoors Clothes drying indoors

Laundry may be dried indoors rather than outdoors for a variety of reasons including:

  • inclement weather
  • physical disability
  • lack of space for a line
  • reduce the damage to fabrics from sun's UV rays
  • legal restrictions[4]
  • to raise the humidity level indoors, and lower the air temperature indoors
  • convenience
  • to preserve privacy

Several types of devices are available for indoor drying. A drying rack or clotheshorse can help save space in an apartment, or clothes lines can be strung in the basement during the winter. Small loads can simply be draped over furniture or a shower curtain pole. The drying time indoors will typically be longer than outdoor drying because of the lack of direct solar radiation and the convective assistance of the wind.

The evaporation of the moisture from the clothes will cool the indoor air and increase the humidity level, which may or may not be desirable. In cold, dry weather, moderate increases in humidity make most people feel more comfortable. In warm weather, increased humidity makes most people feel even hotter. Increased humidity can also increase growth of fungi, which can cause health problems.

An average-sized wash load will convert approximately 4965 kilojoules of ambient heat into latent heat that is stored in the evaporated water, as follows. A typical 4 kg load of laundry can contain 2.2 kg of water, after being spun in a laundry machine.[5] To determine how much heat has been converted in drying a load of laundry, weigh the clothes when they are wet and then again after the clothes have dried. The difference is the weight of the water that was evaporated from them. Multiply that weight in kg by 2,257 kJ/kg,[6] which is the heat of vaporization per kilogram, to obtain the number of kilojoules that went into evaporating the water, or multiply by 0.6250 kWh/kg to get kilowatt-hours. (Note: If the moisture later condenses inside the house, the latent heat will be converted back into ambient heat which could increase the temperature of the air in the room slightly.) [7] To obtain a good approximation of the effect this would have in a particular situation, the process can be traced on a psychrometric chart.

Factors that determine the drying duration

Various factors determine the duration of drying and can help to decide rather to use a drier or a clothes line

  • The environmental temperature - increase of temperature decreases the drying duration
  • The environmental humidity - decrease of humidity will decrease the drying duration
  • Wind velocity - Sometimes people put a fan near the clothes when drying them indoors
  • Direct sun - usually only the external line will be exposed to direct sun, so usually people put the thickest clothes on the most external line.
  • Cloth thickness
Drying laundry in freezing conditions

Laundry may be dried outdoors when the temperature is well below the freezing point. First, the moisture in the laundry items will freeze and the clothing will become stiff. Then the frost on the clothes will sublimate into the air, leaving the items dry. It takes a long time and it is usually much quicker to dry them indoors, but indoor drying removes heat from the air, so it is a trade-off between speed and energy efficiency.

Controversy in North America

Controversy surrounding the use of clothes lines has prompted many governments to pass "right-to-dry" laws allowing their use.[1] According to Ian Urbina, a reporter for The New York Times, "the majority of the 60 million people who now live in the country’s roughly 300,000 private communities" are forbidden from using outdoor clothes lines.[8]

As of August 2013[update], the states of Florida, Colorado,[9][10][11] Hawaii,[12] Arizona, California, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin had passed laws forbidding bans on clothes lines, while Utah allows local jurisdictions to forbid such bans.[13] At least eight states restrict homeowners' associations from forbidding the installation of solar-energy systems, and lawyers have debated whether or not those laws might apply to clothes lines. A British filmmaker, Steven Lake, was planning to release a documentary in 2011 titled Drying for Freedom about the clothes-line controversy in the United States.[8]

In Canada, the province of Nova Scotia's first NDP government passed An Act to Prevent Prohibitions on the Use of Clotheslines on December 10, 2010 to allow all homeowners in the province to use clotheslines, regardless of restrictive covenants.[14] The province of Ontario lifted bans on clothes lines in 2008.[15]

Some other affluent suburban municipalities such as Hampstead, Québec or Outremont, Québec also prohibit clotheslines.[citation needed]

Images See also
  • Drying cabinet
  • Enthalpy of vaporization
  • Sheila Maid
  • Penman equation
  • Project Laundry List, New-Hampshire, US, organisation to encourage outdoor drying
  • Gilbert Toyne
  1. ^ a b c d Rosenthal, Elisabeth (April 17, 2008), "A Line in the Yard: The Battle Over the Right to Dry Outside", The New York cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ a b c Aun, Leslie M. (August 17, 2006), "Nature's Dryer Revisited", The Washington Post
  3. ^ Environmental impact of a clothes dryer and a clothes line, ecofx, January 10, 2008
  4. ^ Neil, Martha (August 14, 2013). "19 'right to dry' states outlaw clothesline bans; is yours among them?". ABA Journal.
  5. ^ Woodford, Chris (July 13, 2018). "How clothes dryers work | The science of drying clothes".
  6. ^
  7. ^ Diamond, Sheldon R. (1970). Fundamental Concepts of Modern Physics. USA: AMSCO School Publications, Inc. pp. 205. "During evaporation... The surroundings thereby become the ultimate source of the energy required to change the phase of from liquid to gas."
  8. ^ a b Urbina, Ian (October 10, 2009). "Debate Follows Bills to Remove Bans on Clotheslines". The New York Times.
  9. ^ "Real Estate News, Mortgage Rates, Buy, Sell or Rent a Home - Wall Street Journal -". October 3, 2002. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
  10. ^ Chaker, Anne Marie (September 18, 2007) "The Right to Dry", The Wall Street Journal.
  11. ^ Colorado Governor's Energy Office HOA Bill – HB 1270
  12. ^ Hawaii State Legislature. "Haw. Rev. Stat. § 196-8.5". Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  13. ^ Neil, Martha (August 14, 2013). "19 'right to dry' states outlaw clothesline bans; is yours among them?". ABA Journal. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  14. ^ "Nova Scotia legislature". Retrieved February 10, 2013.
  15. ^ "Ontario premier lifts outdoor-clothesline ban". April 18, 2008. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clothes lines.
  • Article about washing lines and clothes pegs
  • Project Laundry List
  • "Instructables" article on minimizing the work involved in using a clothes line
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LaundryList of laundry topicsChemicals
  • Biological detergent
  • Bleach
  • Fabric softener
  • Laundry detergent
    • pods
  • Combo washer dryer
  • Dry cleaning
  • Tunnel washer
  • Wet cleaning
  • Washboard
  • Wash copper
  • Washing machine
  • Clothes dryer
  • Clothes horse
  • Clothes line
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  • Hills Hoist
  • Mangle
  • FoldiMate
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  • Clothes hanger
  • Ironing
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  • Fulling
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  • Chinese Hand Laundry Alliance
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  • Project Laundry List
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  • Dhobi
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  • Clothespin
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  • Barbier v. Connolly
  • Kimball Laundry Co. v. United States
  • Muller v. Oregon
  • Pearson v. Chung
  • Yick Wo v. Hopkins
  • Baths and wash houses in Britain
  • Dhobi Ghat
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  • Lavoir
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  • Tvättstuga

Whitmor 100-Foot Cotton Clothesline
Whitmor 100-Foot Cotton Clothesline
Whitmor's 100' Cotton Clothesline has a polypropylene core to add strength and reduce stretch. The cotton outer layer enhances the knot holding ability so the line stays in place. Great for hanging clothes, camping or for tie downs. Whitmor is a 4th generation family-owned and operated business. Since 1946, Whitmor has been dedicated to bringing organization home by creating products that simplify everyday life. Ensuring that those products are built with integrity, value, and innovation is our commitment to you. And our promise is that we will always be here for you should you ever need us as we stand behind our product 100%. Whitmor customer service is available in English and Spanish Monday through Friday from 8am - 4:30pm CST. Call us and we will gladly assist you in your language. Call us and we will gladly assist you in your language. You may contact Whitmor toll-free at 1-888-944-8667 or via email at

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HAWATOUR Portable Travel Elastic Clothesline Adjustable Clothesline with 12pcs Clothespins for Outdoor and Indoor Use (Blue)
HAWATOUR Portable Travel Elastic Clothesline Adjustable Clothesline with 12pcs Clothespins for Outdoor and Indoor Use (Blue)
Features: 1. The BLACK CLIPS restrain the clothespins from sliding, hence, keep clothes safe from sliding to the center. Clothes stay in position and dry up instantly. They also can be moved smoothly by press and hold the little button on the top of the clips 2. With 12pcs clothespins for hanging towels, socks, underwear, bathing suits and any other lightweight clothes such as T-shirt. Not for heavy clothes such as coats, jeans etc. 3. Lightweight, portable and very sturdy. Only weighs 7 ounces making it highly portable for traveling and camping, as well as home use. 4. Super easy to install. The cord is expandable/stretchable and the steel hooks allow you attach your line almost anywhere. No training is required, and installation is only a matter of minutes 5. Stretched up to 10 feet Material: Hooks and Clothespins: Stainless Steel Clothesline: Bungee Cord Black Clips: Hard Plastic Specification: Bungee Cord: 70"(L) x 1/6"(Diameter) Clothespin: 2 1/6"(L) x 2/3"(W) x 1 1/3"(H) Zipper Closed Package: 7 2/5"(L) x 6 1/3"(W) Item Weight: 7oz Shipping Weigt: 8.9oz Package: 1 x Clothesline Warranty: One Year Free Replacement/Full Refund Warranty

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Brabantia Lift-O-Matic Rotary Dryer Clothes Line - 196 feet, 311048
Brabantia Lift-O-Matic Rotary Dryer Clothes Line - 196 feet, 311048
This rotary dryer features arms that turn smoothly, even when loaded with laundry, allowing you to work at leisure. Use our exclusive 'Lift-O-Matic'-system to adjust the dryer to your ideal working height, hang your wet wash and let the wind do the rest! Additional features include washing lines can be retensioned and weather resistant, coated-steel arms. Includes closable concrete spike and a protective cover with an integrated bag and hanging loop. Diagonal span width of 125 inches. Carries a 5 year guarantee.

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Koch 5620727 Braided Cotton/Polyester Blend Clothesline, 7/32 by 200 Feet, White
Koch 5620727 Braided Cotton/Polyester Blend Clothesline, 7/32 by 200 Feet, White
Koch (pronounced "cook") Industries, established in 1978, is the premier provider and merchandiser of high quality chain, rope and accessories in North America. Maximum load of 13 pounds. Maximum load indicates the greatest load a product can carry under normal conditions. Our cotton polypropylene clothesline is durable and holds knots well. Perfect for use around the house or farm.

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Minky Outdoor Retractable Clothesline, 49', Gray
Minky Outdoor Retractable Clothesline, 49', Gray
The Minky Retractable washing line is ideal for small gardens, patios or balconies and provides a full 49-feet of drying space. The strong PVC coated line is sunlight resistant and easy to wipe clean. It attaches to the wall with a special bracket which means it can simply clip off for removal when not required.

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Household Essentials 04800 All-Purpose Cotton Clothesline Rope | 100Ft Length | 3/16-Inch Dia.
Household Essentials 04800 All-Purpose Cotton Clothesline Rope | 100Ft Length | 3/16-Inch Dia.
Replace that worn-out clothesline with a beautiful, 3/16-Inch natural cotton cord that will not snag or stain your fabrics. Its 100-Feet length suits most lines, allowing you to take full advantage of the warmer months. Use extra length to tie up your tomato plants and everyone will be happy. Item No.04800.

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BESy Retractable Clothesline SUS304 Stainless Steel Clothes Dryer with Adjustable Stainless Steel Rope String Hotel Style Heavy Duty,9.2 Feets,Polished Chrome Finish, Round Style
BESy Retractable Clothesline SUS304 Stainless Steel Clothes Dryer with Adjustable Stainless Steel Rope String Hotel Style Heavy Duty,9.2 Feets,Polished Chrome Finish, Round Style
Our Clothesline is higher Quality than others, Please make sure the product is sold by "BESy Bathroom&Kitchen" before purchase SPECIFICATIONS -Style:Retractable Clothesline -Body Material:Stainless Steel -String Material:Stainless Steel -Finish : Polished Chrome -Installation Method: Wall-Mounted Package Includes -1×Retractable Clothesline -1×Mounting Accessories Buy from BESy Good after-sales service Our goal is to provide high quality service and products, if you have any questions or not 100% satisfied for any reason about our products, put forward to us, we will try our best to help you and answer for you. So don't hesitate, purchase with confidence. 30-days return guaranteed If you don't like our product, you can always return to us in 30 days. We will fully refund you as long as the product is in new condition.

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Household Essentials 17130-1 Rotary Outdoor Umbrella Drying Rack | Aluminum | 30-Lines with 210 ft. Clothesline
Household Essentials 17130-1 Rotary Outdoor Umbrella Drying Rack | Aluminum | 30-Lines with 210 ft. Clothesline
Take environmentally conscious line drying to the next level with Household Essentials™ Parallel Dryer. Its flat top design, with a pivoting top, makes hanging your laundry convenient as every inch of line is evenly within reach! The no-rust galvanized two-piece steel center is sturdy and fits securely into the ground sleeve, providing excellent stability that also lets you take down your line during inclement weather (protecting your dryer from the elements and keeping your line cleaner). The high impact plastic post cap and slide resist wear, keeping your line nice and functioning over time. And since, unlike your shoes, Household Essentials™ Parallel Dryer comes pre-strung, you can pop it up, set it up, load it up, and hang it out to dry

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Drynatural Collapsible 4-arm Rotary Outdoor Umbrella Drying Rack Clothes Dryer Clothesline with 131ft Drying Space
Drynatural Collapsible 4-arm Rotary Outdoor Umbrella Drying Rack Clothes Dryer Clothesline with 131ft Drying Space
Description: This dryer with 131ft liner drying space is an affordable, energy-saving solution for your drying demands. Not only helps you conserve energy and save money, but also helps keep fabric look better and last longer. Angled lines design increases airflow and improve circulation throughout hanging items, which makes it great for people who routinely dry bed sheets and larger items. Heavy duty power coated steel arms and center poles are ideal for outdoor use. The unit can be folded like an umbrella for easy storage and space-saving when not in use Specification: -Assembly Size: 97.24" x 97.24" x 78.74" -Packing Size: 5.31" x 5.31" x 56.89" -Packing Weight: 8.36lbs -Brand Name: Drynatural -SKU: DN205RR40 Set Includes: -1 x drying rack -1 x protective cover -1 x ground spike -1 x peg bag -24 x plastic pegs About Drynatural: Drynatual is a brand of drying products produced by Better Home Products (Zhejiang) Co., Ltd. Our factory, located in Mo ganshan High-Tech Economic & Development Zone of Zhejiang Province, China, has more than 55,000 square meters buildings with advanced injection machines, brush filling machines, powder coating lines, hardware processing equipments. More than 800 People have been employed, specializing in the production of indoor/outdoor clothes dryers, mops, brushes, window squeegees and kitchen gadgets. Our main markets are in UK, Europe, USA and Australia, with annual turnover of 50 million US dollars and we are still growing. As a leading manufacturer of outdoor laundry products in China for decades, BHP has got the approval of more than 100 design patents both in China and abroad. We are trying our best to supply most innovative products to our customers, delivering great value for money and best customer services

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AmazonBasics Foldable Drying Rack - Chrome
AmazonBasics Foldable Drying Rack - Chrome
An Amazon Brand.

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