Bran
Bran
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Bran
Bran, also known as miller's bran, is the hard outer layers of cereal grain. It consists of the combined aleurone and pericarp. Along with germ, it is

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For other uses, see Bran (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Chaff.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Wheat kernel compartments and macronutrients

Bran, also known as miller's bran, is the hard outer layers of cereal grain. It consists of the combined aleurone and pericarp. Along with germ, it is an integral part of whole grains, and is often produced as a byproduct of milling in the production of refined grains.

Bran is present in cereal grain, including rice, corn (maize), wheat, oats, barley, rye and millet. Bran is not the same as chaff, which is a coarser scaly material surrounding the grain but not forming part of the grain itself.

Contents
  • 1 Composition
  • 2 Rice bran
  • 3 Uses
  • 4 Brewing
  • 5 Stability
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
Composition

Bran is particularly rich in dietary fiber and essential fatty acids and contains significant quantities of starch, protein, vitamins, and dietary minerals. It is also a source of phytic acid, an antinutrient that prevents nutrient absorption.

The high oil content of bran makes it subject to rancidification, one of the reasons that it is often separated from the grain before storage or further processing. Bran is often heat-treated to increase its longevity.

Nutrients (%) Wheat Rye Oat Rice Barley Carbohydrates without starch 45–50 50–70 16–34 18–23 70–80 Starch 13–18 12–15 18–45 18–30 8–11 Proteins 15–18 8–9 13–20 15–18 11–15 Fats 4–5 4–5 6–11 18–23 1–2 Rice bran

Rice bran is a byproduct of the rice milling process (the conversion of brown rice to white rice), and it contains various antioxidants that impart beneficial effects on human health.[1] A major rice bran fraction contains 12%-13% oil and highly unsaponifiable components (4.3%).[citation needed] This fraction contains tocotrienols (a form of vitamin E), gamma-oryzanol and beta-sitosterol; all these constituents may contribute to the lowering of the plasma levels of the various parameters of the lipid profile. Rice bran also contains a high level of dietary fibres (beta-glucan, pectin and gum). In addition, it also contains ferulic acid, which is also a component of the structure of nonlignified cell walls. However, some research suggests there are levels of inorganic arsenic present in rice bran. One study found the levels to be 20% higher than in drinking water.[2]

Uses Rice bran Wheat bran Oat bran

Bran is often used to enrich breads (notably muffins) and breakfast cereals, especially for the benefit of those wishing to increase their intake of dietary fiber. Bran may also be used for pickling (nukazuke) as in the tsukemono of Japan. Rice bran in particular finds many uses in Japan, where it is known as nuka (糠; ぬか). Besides using it for pickling, Japanese people also add it to the water when boiling bamboo shoots, and use it for dish washing. In Kitakyushu City, it is called jinda and used for stewing fish, such as sardine.

Rice bran is also stuck to the surface of commercial ice blocks to prevent them from melting. Bran oil may be also extracted for use by itself for industrial purposes (such as in the paint industry), or as a cooking oil, such as rice bran oil.

Wheat bran is useful as feed for poultry and other livestock, as part of a balanced ration with other inputs. Wheatings, a milling byproduct comprising mostly bran with some pieces of endosperm also left over, are included in this category.

Bran was found to be the most successful slug deterrent by BBC's TV programme, Gardeners' World. It is a common substrate and food source used for feeder insects, such as mealworms and waxworms. Wheat bran has also been used for tanning leather since at least the 16th century.[3]

Brewing

George Washington had a recipe for small beer involving bran, hops, and molasses.[4]

Stability

It is common practice to heat-treat bran with the intention of slowing undesirable rancidification. However, a very detailed 2003 study of heat-treatment of oat bran found a complex pattern whereby increasingly intense heat treatment reduced the development of hydrolitic rancidity and bitterness with time, but increased oxidative rancidity. The authors recommended that heat treatment should be sufficient to achieve selective lipase inactivation, but not so much as to render the polar lipids oxidisable upon prolonged storage.[5]

See also
  • Alkylresorcinols
  • Cereal germ
  • Chaff
  • Dietary fiber
  • Phytic acid (IP6)
  • Rice bran solubles
References
  1. ^ Barron, Jon (21 September 2010). "Black Rice Bran, the Next Superfood?". Baseline of Health Foundation. Retrieved 24 August 2012..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "Inorganic Arsenic in Rice Bran and Its Products Are an Order of Magnitude Higher than in Bulk Grain - Environmental Science & Technology (ACS Publications)". Pubs.acs.org. 21 August 2008. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
  3. ^ Rossetti, Gioanventura (1969). the plictho. Massachusetts: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology. pp. 159–160. ISBN 0262180308.
  4. ^ George Washington (1757), "To make Small Beer", George Washington Papers. New York Public Library Archive.
  5. ^ Lehtinen, Pekka; Kiiliäinen, Katja; Lehtomäki, Ilkka; Laakso, Simo (2003). "Effect of Heat Treatment on Lipid Stability in Processed Oats". Journal of Cereal Science. 37 (2): 215–221. doi:10.1006/jcrs.2002.0496. ISSN 0733-5210. See figure 1 in particular
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BarleyHistory
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Types of barley
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Agronomy
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Trade
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Parts of the plant
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Associated human diseases
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Related concepts
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Bob's Red Mill Unprocessed Wheat Bran - 8 oz - 3 pk
Bob's Red Mill Unprocessed Wheat Bran - 8 oz - 3 pk
Bob's Red Mill Unprocessed Wheat Bran - 8 oz - 3 pk

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Bob's Red Mill Wheat Bran - 20 oz - 3 pk
Bob's Red Mill Wheat Bran - 20 oz - 3 pk
Bob's Red Mill Wheat Bran - 20 oz - 3 pk

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$6.23
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Medley Hills Farm Oat Bran 2 lbs
Medley Hills Farm Oat Bran 2 lbs
Oat Bran is produced by grinding sound and pre-selected, kilned oat groats. The resulting course oat meal is separated into refined oat flour and the oat bran to achieve a functional and attractive particle size. Oat Bran has an ideal ratio of soluble to insoluble dietary fibers, high proteins, vitamins and minerals. This oat bran is best used to make a variety of breads, muffins, cereal products and foods where the presence and "nutty" flavor of oat bran is desired.

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$10.59



Bob's Red Mill Wheat Bran, 20 oz
Bob's Red Mill  Wheat Bran, 20 oz
Bobs Red Mill Wheat Bran. No Artificial Flavors, Preservatives. The product temperature is Ambient Room Temperature.

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Nature's Path Organic Cereal, Smart Bran with Psyllium & Oatbran, 10.6 Ounce Box (Pack of 6)
Nature's Path Organic Cereal, Smart Bran with Psyllium & Oatbran, 10.6 Ounce Box (Pack of 6)
Toasted little heart-healthy nuggets packed with an impressive 13 grams of organic fiber per serving, blended from psyllium, oat bran, and wheat bran. Sugar and salt added with a light touch. Check out our SmartBran recipe pamphlet for more ways to add fiber to your diet.

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Organic Oat Bran, 5 Pounds (USDA Organic/Non-GMO/Vegan)
Organic Oat Bran, 5 Pounds (USDA Organic/Non-GMO/Vegan)
Nutritious, delicious, organic Oat Bran. Eat as a hot cereal or as an ingredient in your favorite recipe to add fiber, vitamins, minerals and protein.

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Bobs Red Mill Oat Bran Gf, 1 lb 2 oz (pack of 2)
Bobs Red Mill Oat Bran Gf, 1 lb 2 oz (pack of 2)
Gluten Free Oats Bran is a deliciously smooth, high fiber cereal milled from high protein oats grown in dedicated oats-only fields. R5 ELISA testing in our dedicated, gluten free facility ensures the purity of our Gluten Free Oat Bran. Oat Bran is a wonderful source of soluble fiber, which prevents cholesterol from entering the blood stream. Use Oat Bran as a hot cereal or add to baked goods to increase their nutritional value.

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Bob's Red Mill Unprocessed Miller's Wheat Bran, 8 Ounce
Bob's Red Mill Unprocessed Miller's Wheat Bran, 8 Ounce
Bob's Red Mill works hard to ensure the highest quality by maintaining a close relationship with our products, every step of the way. Our relationship starts at the source-with the farmer who produces the grain. We maintain personal relationships with farmers all around the country and make an effort to visit their farms. Together, we ensure that we're offering the best product available, while always using best practices.

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Kellogg's All-Bran Buds, Breakfast Cereal, Wheat Bran, Excellent Source of Fiber, 17.7 oz Box
Kellogg's All-Bran Buds, Breakfast Cereal, Wheat Bran, Excellent Source of Fiber, 17.7 oz Box
Greet your morning with Kellogg’s All-Bran Buds, a delicious, low-fat breakfast cereal made with simple, wholesome ingredients. A healthy, family-favorite cereal perfect for both kids and adults, Kellogg’s All-Bran Buds is made to enjoy by the bowlful. Each serving provides an excellent source of 7 vitamins and minerals as well 46-percent of your recommended daily value of dietary fiber. A travel-ready food, Kellogg’s All-Bran Buds are an ideal companion for lunchboxes, after-school snacks, and busy, on-the-go moments. Just add your favorite dairy or nut-milk or enjoy as a crispy treat straight from the box. Kellogg’s All-Bran Buds, our best in every bite.

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DC Earth Wheat Bran, Mealworm Superworm Bedding 4LBS
DC Earth Wheat Bran, Mealworm Superworm Bedding 4LBS
Feed your feeder mealworms with ease. Premium, complete and balanced mealworm diet eases the raising, care, and maintenance of mealworms. Simply add to a shallow pan with mealworms to feed a protein-rich diet. Made from 100% all natural wheat middlings with no added preservatives. Feeding Instructions: Place bedding and worms into a metal or plastic pan at least three to four inches deep. A good rule of thumb is to use two parts bedding to one part worms. The container with worms and bedding should then be placed in a refrigerator until ready to use. Suggested refrigerator temperature is 50°F. Store Mealworm Bedding in a cool, dry place prior to opening; refrigerate after opening. Ingredients: 100% Wheat Middlings.

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$13.15
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