Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank
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Deutsche Bank
66861°E / 50.11389; 8.66861 Deutsche Bank AG (German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏ̯t͡ʃə ˈbaŋk ʔaːˈgeː] ( listen)) is a German investment bank and financial services

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Not to be confused with Deutsche Bundesbank or Deutsche Postbank.

Coordinates: 50°6′50″N 8°40′7″E / 50.11389°N 8.66861°E / 50.11389; 8.66861

Deutsche Bank AG Deutsche Bank Twin Towers in Frankfurt, GermanyType AktiengesellschaftTraded as FWB: DBK
NYSE: DBISIN DE0005140008Industry
  • Banking
  • Financial services
Founded 1870; 148 years ago (1870)Headquarters Deutsche Bank Twin Towers
Frankfurt, GermanyArea served WorldwideKey people Paul Achleitner (Chairman)
Christian Sewing (CEO)[1]Products Retail, private, investment and corporate banking;wealth management;asset managementRevenue €26.447 billion (2017)[2]Operating income €1.228 billion (2017)[2]Net income −€735 million (2017)[2]Total assets €1.475 trillion (2017)[2]Total equity €63 billion (2017)[2]Number of employees 97,535 (FTE, end 2017)[2]Website

Deutsche Bank AG (German pronunciation:  ( listen)) is a German investment bank and financial services company headquartered in Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany.

The bank is present in 58 countries with a large presence in Europe, the Americas and Asia.[3] As of December 2017 Deutsche Bank is the 17th largest bank in the world by total assets.[4] The company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 and DAX stock market indices.

The company is a universal bank resting on three pillars – the Private & Commercial Bank, the Corporate & Investment Bank (CIB) and Asset Management (DWS).

  • 1 History
    • 1.1 1870–1919
      • 1.1.1 Founding members
      • 1.1.2 First directors
    • 1.2 1919–1933
    • 1.3 1933–1945
    • 1.4 Post-WWII
    • 1.5 Financial crisis years (2007–2012)
      • 1.5.1 Housing credit bubble and CDO market
      • 1.5.2 Leveraged super-senior trades
      • 1.5.3 European financial crisis
    • 1.6 From 2012
    • 1.7 Leadership history
  • 2 Performance
  • 3 Business divisions
    • 3.1 Corporate and Investment Bank (CIB)
    • 3.2 Private & Commercial Bank
    • 3.3 Asset Management (DWS)
    • 3.4 Logotype
  • 4 Controversies
    • 4.1 Tax evasion
    • 4.2 Espionage scandal
    • 4.3 April 2015 Libor scandal
    • 4.4 Role in 2007–2008 financial crisis
    • 4.5 2015 sanctions violations
    • 4.6 2017 money-laundering fine
    • 4.7 Robert Mueller's investigation
    • 4.8 Criminal cartel charges in Australia
  • 5 Acquisitions
  • 6 Notable employees
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links
History Deutsche Bank, Sydney Share of the Deutsche Bank, issued 2. November 1881 1870–1919

Deutsche Bank was founded in Berlin in 1870 as a specialist bank for foreign trade.[5] The bank's statute was adopted on 22 January 1870, and on 10 March 1870 the Prussian government granted it a banking licence. The statute laid great stress on foreign business:

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The object of the company is to transact banking business of all kinds, in particular to promote and facilitate trade relations between Germany, other European countries and overseas markets.[6]

Three of the founders were Georg Siemens, whose father's cousin had founded Siemens and Halske, Adelbert Delbrück and Ludwig Bamberger.[7] Previous to the founding of Deutsche Bank, German importers and exporters were dependent upon English and French banking institutions in the world markets—a serious handicap in that German bills were almost unknown in international commerce, generally disliked and subject to a higher rate of discount than English or French bills.[8]

Founding members
  • Hermann Zwicker (Bankhaus Gebr. Schickler, Berlin)
  • Anton Adelssen (Bankhaus Adelssen & Co., Berlin)
  • Adelbert Delbrück (Bankhaus Delbrück, Leo & Co.)
  • Heinrich von Hardt (Hardt & Co., Berlin, New York)
  • Ludwig Bamberger (politician, former chairman of Bischoffsheim, Goldschmidt & Co)
  • Victor Freiherr von Magnus (Bankhaus F. Mart Magnus)
  • Adolph vom Rath (de) (Bankhaus Deichmann & Co., Cologne)
  • Gustav Kutter (Bankhaus Gebrüder Sulzbach, Frankfurt)
  • Gustav Müller (Württembergische Vereinsbank, Stuttgart)
First directors
  • Wilhelm Platenius, Georg Siemens and Hermann Wallich

The bank's first domestic branches, inaugurated in 1871 and 1872, were opened in Bremen[9] and Hamburg.[10] Its first foray overseas came shortly afterwards, in Shanghai (1872)[11] and London (1873)[12] followed sometime by South America (1874–1886).[7] The branch opening in London, after one failure and another partially successful attempt, was a prime necessity for the establishment of credit for the German trade in what was then the world's money centre.[8]

Major projects in the early years of the bank included the Northern Pacific Railroad in the US[13] and the Baghdad Railway[14] (1888). In Germany, the bank was instrumental in the financing of bond offerings of steel company Krupp (1879) and introduced the chemical company Bayer to the Berlin stock market.

The second half of the 1890s saw the beginning of a new period of expansion at Deutsche Bank. The bank formed alliances with large regional banks, giving itself an entrée into Germany's main industrial regions. Joint ventures were symptomatic of the concentration then under way in the German banking industry. For Deutsche Bank, domestic branches of its own were still something of a rarity at the time; the Frankfurt branch[15] dated from 1886 and the Munich branch from 1892, while further branches were established in Dresden and Leipzig[16] in 1901.

In addition, the bank rapidly perceived the value of specialist institutions for the promotion of foreign business. Gentle pressure from the Foreign Ministry played a part in the establishment of Deutsche Ueberseeische Bank[17] in 1886 and the stake taken in the newly established Deutsch-Asiatische Bank[18] three years later, but the success of those companies in showed that their existence made sound commercial sense.


The immediate postwar period was a time of liquidations. Having already lost most of its foreign assets, Deutsche Bank was obliged to sell other holdings. A great deal of energy went into shoring up what had been achieved. But there was new business, too, some of which was to have an impact for a long time to come. The bank played a significant role in the establishment of the film production company, UFA, and the merger of Daimler and Benz.

The bank merged with other local banks in 1929 to create Deutsche Bank und DiscontoGesellschaft, at that point the biggest ever merger in German banking history. Increasing costs were one reason for the merger. Another was the trend towards concentration throughout the industry in the 1920s. The merger came at just the right time to help counteract the emerging world economic and banking crisis. In 1937, the company name changed back to Deutsche Bank.

The crisis was, in terms of its political impact, the most disastrous economic event of the century. The shortage of liquidity that paralyzed the banks was fuelled by a combination of short-term foreign debt and borrowers no longer able to pay their debts, while the inflexibility of the state exacerbated the situation. For German banks, the crisis in the industry was a watershed. A return to circumstances that might in some ways have been considered reminiscent of the "golden age" before World War I was ruled out for many years.


After Adolf Hitler came to power, instituting the Third Reich, Deutsche Bank dismissed its three Jewish board members in 1933. In subsequent years, Deutsche Bank took part in the aryanization of Jewish-owned businesses; according to its own historians, the bank was involved in 363 such confiscations by November 1938.[19] During the war, Deutsche Bank incorporated other banks that fell into German hands during the occupation of Eastern Europe. Deutsche Bank provided banking facilities for the Gestapo and loaned the funds used to build the Auschwitz camp and the nearby IG Farben facilities.[20]

During World War II, Deutsche Bank became responsible for managing the Bohemian Union Bank in Prague, with branches in the Protectorate and in Slovakia, the Bankverein in Yugoslavia (which has now been divided into two financial corporations, one in Serbia and one in Croatia), the Albert de Barry Bank in Amsterdam, the National Bank of Greece in Athens, the Creditanstalt-Bankverein in Austria and Hungary, the Deutsch-Bulgarische Kreditbank in Bulgaria, and Banca Comercială Română (The Romanian Commercial Bank) in Bucharest. It also maintained a branch in Istanbul, Turkey.

In 1999, Deutsche Bank confirmed officially that it had been involved in Auschwitz.[20] In December 1999 Deutsche, along with other major German companies, contributed to a US$5.2 billion compensation fund following lawsuits brought by Holocaust survivors.[21][22] The history of Deutsche Bank during the Second World War has since been documented by independent historians commissioned by the Bank.[19]


Following Germany's defeat in World War II, the Allied authorities, in 1948, ordered Deutsche Bank's break-up into ten regional banks. These 10 regional banks were later consolidated into three major banks in 1952: Norddeutsche Bank AG; Süddeutsche Bank AG; and Rheinisch-Westfälische Bank AG. In 1957, these three banks merged to form Deutsche Bank AG with its headquarters in Frankfurt.

In 1959, the bank entered retail banking by introducing small personal loans. In the 1970s, the bank pushed ahead with international expansion, opening new offices in new locations, such as Milan (1977), Moscow, London, Paris and Tokyo. In the 1980s, this continued when the bank paid US$603 million in 1986 to acquire the Banca d'America e d'Italia, the Italian subsidiary that Bank of America[citation needed] had established in 1922 when it acquired Banca dell'Italia Meridionale. The acquisition represented the first time Deutsche Bank had acquired a sizeable branch network in another European country.

In 1989, the first steps towards creating a significant investment-banking presence were taken with the acquisition of Morgan, Grenfell & Co., a UK-based investment bank. By the mid-1990s, the buildup of a capital-markets operation had got under way with the arrival of a number of high-profile figures from major competitors. Ten years after the acquisition of Morgan Grenfell, the US firm Bankers Trust was added.

Deutsche continued to build up its presence in Italy with the acquisition in 1993 of Banca Popolare di Lecco from Banca Popolare di Novara for about US$476 million.[citation needed] In 1999 it acquired a minority interest in Cassa di Risparmio di Asti.

In October 2001, Deutsche Bank was listed on the New York Stock Exchange. This was the first NYSE listing after interruption due to 11 September attacks. The following year, Deutsche Bank strengthened its U.S. presence when it purchased Scudder Investments. Meanwhile, in Europe, Deutsche Bank increased its private-banking business by acquiring Rued Blass & Cie (2002) and the Russian investment bank United Financial Group (2006). In Germany, further acquisitions of Norisbank, Berliner Bank and Deutsche Postbank strengthened Deutsche Bank's retail offering in its home market. This series of acquisitions was closely aligned with the bank's strategy of bolt-on acquisitions in preference to so-called "transformational" mergers. These formed part of an overall growth strategy that also targeted a sustainable 25% return on equity, something the bank achieved in 2005.

The company's headquarters, the Deutsche Bank Twin Towers building, was extensively renovated beginning in 2007. The renovation took approximately three years to complete. The renovated building was certified LEED Platinum and DGNB Gold.

The bank developed, owned and operated the Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas, after the project's original developer defaulted on its borrowings. Deutsche Bank opened the casino in 2010 and ran it at a loss until its sale in May 2014. The bank's exposure at the time of sale was more than $4 billion, however it sold the property to Blackstone Group for $1.73 billion.[23]

Financial crisis years (2007–2012) See also: Financial crisis of 2007–2008 and European debt crisis Housing credit bubble and CDO market Internal email from 2005 describing Deutsche CDO traders view of the bubble

Deutsche Bank was one of the major drivers of the collateralized debt obligation (CDO) market during the housing credit bubble from 2004 to 2008, creating about $32 billion worth. The 2011 US Senate Permanent Select Committee on Investigations report on Wall Street and the Financial Crisis analyzed Deutsche Bank as a case study of investment banking involvement in the mortgage bubble, CDO market, credit crunch, and recession. It concluded that even as the market was collapsing in 2007, and its top global CDO trader was deriding the CDO market and betting against some of the mortgage bonds in its CDOs, Deutsche bank continued to churn out bad CDO products to investors.[24]

The report focused on one CDO, Gemstone VII, made largely of mortgages from Long Beach, Fremont, and New Century, all notorious subprime lenders. Deutsche Bank put risky assets into the CDO, like ACE 2006-HE1 M10, which its own traders thought was a bad bond. It also put in some mortgage bonds that its own mortgage department had created but could not sell, from the DBALT 2006 series. The CDO was then aggressively marketed as a good product, with most of it being described as having A level ratings. By 2009 the entire CDO was almost worthless and the investors (including Deutsche Bank itself) had lost most of their money.[24]

Greg Lippmann, head of global CDO trading, was betting against the CDO market, with approval of management, even as Deutsche was continuing to churn out product. He was a large character in Michael Lewis' book The Big Short, which detailed his efforts to find 'shorts' to buy Credit Default Swaps for the construction of Synthetic CDOs. He was one of the first traders to foresee the bubble in the CDO market as well as the tremendous potential that CDS offered in this. As portrayed in The Big Short, Lipmann in the middle of the CDO and MBS frenzy was orchestrating presentations to investors, demonstrating his bearish view of the market, offering them the idea to start buying CDS, especially to AIG in order to profit from the forthcoming collapse. As regards the Gemstone VII deal, even as Deutsche was creating and selling it to investors, Lippman emailed colleagues that it 'blew', and he called parts of it 'crap' and 'pigs' and advised some of his clients to bet against the mortgage securities it was made of. Lippman called the CDO market a 'ponzi scheme', but also tried to conceal some of his views from certain other parties because the bank was trying to sell the products he was calling 'crap'. Lippman's group made money off of these bets, even as Deutsche overall lost money on the CDO market.[24]

Deutsche was also involved with Magnetar Capital in creating its first Orion CDO. Deutsche had its own group of bad CDOs called START. It worked with Elliot Advisers on one of them; Elliot bet against the CDO even as Deutsche sold parts of the CDO to investors as good investments. Deutsche also worked with John Paulson, of the Goldman Sachs Abacus CDO controversy, to create some START CDOs. Deutsche lost money on START, as it did on Gemstone.[24]

On 3 January 2014 it was reported that Deutsche Bank would settle a lawsuit brought by US shareholders, who had accused the bank of bundling and selling bad real estate loans before the 2008 downturn. This settlement came subsequent and in addition to Deutsche's $1.93 billion settlement with the US Housing Finance Agency over similar litigation related to the sale of mortgage backed securities to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.[25]

Leveraged super-senior trades

Former employees including Eric Ben-Artzi and Matthew Simpson have claimed that during the crisis Deutsche failed to recognise up to $12bn of paper losses on their $130bn portfolio of leveraged super senior trades, although the bank rejects the claims.[26] A company document of May 2009 described the trades as "the largest risk in the trading book",[27] and the whistleblowers allege that had the bank accounted properly for its positions its capital would have fallen to the extent that it might have needed a government bailout.[26] One of them claims that "If Lehman Brothers didn't have to mark its books for six months it might still be in business, and if Deutsche had marked its books it might have been in the same position as Lehman."[27]

Deutsche had become the biggest operator in this market, which were a form of credit derivative designed to behave like the most senior tranche of a CDO.[27] Deutsche bought insurance against default by blue-chip companies from investors, mostly Canadian pension funds, who received a stream of insurance premiums as income in return for posting a small amount of collateral.[27] The bank then sold protection to US investors via the CDX credit index, the spread between the two was tiny but was worth $270m over the 7 years of the trade.[27] It was considered very unlikely that many blue chips would have problems at the same time, so Deutsche required collateral of just 10% of the contract value.

The risk of Deutsche taking large losses if the collateral was wiped out in a crisis was called the gap option.[27] Ben-Artzi claims that after modelling came up with "economically unfeasible" results, Deutsche accounted for the gap option first with a simple 15% "haircut" on the trades (described as inadequate by another employee in 2006) and then in 2008 by a $1–2bn reserve for the credit correlation desk designed to cover all risks, not just the gap option.[27] In October 2008 they stopped modelling the gap option and just bought S&P put options to guard against further market disruption, but one of the whistleblowers has described this as an inappropriate hedge.[27] A model from Ben-Artzi's previous job at Goldman Sachs suggested that the gap option was worth about 8% of the value of the trades, worth $10.4bn. Simpson claims that traders were not simply understating the gap option but actively mismarking the value of their trades.[27]

European financial crisis Main article: European sovereign-debt crisis

Deutsche Bank has a negligible exposure to Greece. Spain and Italy however account for a tenth of its European private and corporate banking business. According to the bank's own statistics the credit risks in these countries are about €18 billion (Italy) and €12 billion (Spain).[28]

For the 2008 financial year, Deutsche Bank reported its first annual loss in five decades,[29] despite receiving billions of dollars from its insurance arrangements with AIG, including US$11.8 billion from funds provided by US taxpayers to bail out AIG.[30]

Based on a preliminary estimation from the European Banking Authority (EBA) in October 2011, Deutsche Bank AG needed to raise capital of about €1.2 billion (US$1.7 billion) as part of a required 9 percent core Tier 1 ratio after sovereign debt writedown starting in mid-2012.[31]

It needs to get its common equity tier-1 capital ratio up to 12.5% in 2018 to be marginally above the 12.25% required by regulators. As of September 2017 it stands at 11.9%.[32]

From 2012

In January 2014, Deutsche Bank reported a €1.2 billion ($1.6 billion) pre-tax loss for the fourth quarter of 2013. This came after analysts had predicted a profit of nearly €600 million, according to FactSet estimates. Revenues slipped by 16% versus the prior year.[33]

Deutsche Bank's Capital Ratio Tier-1 (CET1) was reported in 2015 to be only 11.4%, lower than the 12% median CET1 ratio of Europe's 24 biggest publicly traded banks, so there would be no dividend for 2015 and 2016.[34] Furthermore, 15,000 jobs were to be cut.[35]

In June 2015, the then co-CEOs, Jürgen Fitschen and Anshu Jain, both offered their resignations[36] to the bank's supervisory board, which were accepted. Jain's resignation took effect in June 2015, but he provided consultancy to the bank until January 2016. Fitschen continued as joint CEO until May 2016. The appointment of John Cryan as joint CEO was announced, effective July 2016; he became sole CEO at the end of Fitschen's term.[37]

In January 2016, Deutsche Bank pre-announced a 2015 loss before income taxes of approximately €6.1 billion and a net loss of approximately €6.7 billion.[38] Following this announcement, a bank analyst at Citi declared: "We believe a capital increase now looks inevitable and see an equity shortfall of up to €7 billion, on the basis that Deutsche may be forced to book another €3 billion to €4 billion of litigation charges in 2016."[39]

Since May 2017, its biggest shareholder is Chinese conglomerate HNA Group, which owns 10% of its shares.[40]

Leadership history

When Deutsche Bank was first organized in 1870 there was no CEO. Instead the board was represented by a speaker of the board. Beginning in February 2012 the bank has been led by two co-CEOs, and in July 2015 it announced it will be led by one CEO from 2016.[41] The management bodies are the annual general meeting, supervisory board and management board.

Begin End CEO/Speaker Notes 2018 Christian Sewing [42] 2015 2018 John Cryan co-CEO with Fitschen until 2016[43] 2012 2016 Jürgen Fitschen co-CEO[43] 2012 2015 Anshu Jain co-CEO with Fitschen[44] 2002 2012 Josef Ackermann CEO position created 2006[45] 1997 2002 Rolf-Ernst Breuer 1989 1997 Hilmar Kopper 1985 1989 Alfred Herrhausen assassinated 1976 1988 Friedrich Wilhelm Christians 1976 1985 Wilfried Guth 1967 1976 Franz Heinrich Ulrich co-speaker[46] 1967 1969 Karl Klasen co-speaker 1957 1967 Hermann Josef Abs Performance Year 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 Net income €-0.7bn €-1.4bn €-6.8bn €1.7bn €0.7bn €0.3bn €4.3bn €2.3bn €5.0bn €−3.9bn €6.5bn €6.1bn €3.5bn €2.5bn €1.4bn Revenues €26.4bn €30.0bn €33.5bn €31.9bn €31.9bn €33.7bn €33.2bn €28.6bn €28.0bn €13.5bn €30.7bn €28.5bn €25.6bn €21.9bn €21.3bn Return on equity 5.1% 2.6% – – 5% 18% −29% 30% 26% 16% 1% 7% Dividend 0.19 0.0 0.75 0.75 – – – 0.75 0.75 0.5 4.5 4.0 2.5 1.7 1.5

[citation needed]

Business divisions

The bank's business model rests on three pillars - the Corporate & Investment Bank (CIB), the Private & Commercial Bank and Asset Management (DWS).

Corporate and Investment Bank (CIB) A Deutsche Bank retail branch in Munich.

The Corporate & Investment Bank (CIB) is Deutsche Bank's capital markets business. The CIB comprises the below six units.[47] Deutsche Bank is considered among the "bulge bracket" of global investment banks due to its size.

  • Corporate Finance is responsible for advisory and mergers & acquisitions (M&A).
  • Equities / Fixed Income & Currencies. These two units are responsible for sales and trading of securities.
  • Global Capital Markets (GCM) is focused on financing and risk management solutions. It includes debt and equity issuances.
  • Global Transaction Banking (GTB) caters for corporates and financial institutions by providing commercial banking products including cross-border payments, cash management, securities services and international trade finance.
  • Deutsche Bank Research provides analysis of products, markets and trading strategies.
Private & Commercial Bank
  • Private & Commercial Clients Germany / International is the retail bank of Deutsche Bank. In Germany, it operates under two brands - Deutsche Bank and Postbank. Additionally, it has operations in Belgium, Italy, Spain and India. The businesses in Poland and Portugal are in the process of being sold.[48][49][50]
  • Wealth Management functions as the bank's private banking arm, serving high-net-worth individuals and families worldwide. The division has a presence in the world's private banking hotspots, including Switzerland, Luxembourg, the Channel Islands, the Caymans and Dubai.[51]
Asset Management (DWS)

Deutsche Bank holds a majority stake in the listed asset manager DWS Group (formerly Deutsche Asset Management), which was separated from the bank in March 2018.


In 1972, the bank created the world-known blue logo "Slash in a Square" – designed by Anton Stankowski and intended to represent growth within a risk-controlled framework.[52]


Deutsche Bank in general as well as specific employees have frequently figured in controversies and allegations of deceitful behavior or illegal transactions. As of 2016, the bank was involved in some 7,800 legal disputes and calculated €5.4 billion as litigation reserves,[53] with a further €2.2 billion held against other contingent liabilities.[39]

Tax evasion

Six former employees were accused of being involved in a major tax fraud deal with CO2 emission certificates, and most of them were subsequently convicted. It was estimated that the sum of money in the tax evasion scandal might have been as high as €850 million. Deutsche Bank itself was not convicted due to an absence of corporate liability laws in Germany.[54]

Espionage scandal

From as late as 2001 to at least 2007, the bank engaged in covert espionage on its critics. The bank has admitted to episodes of spying in 2001 and 2007 directed by its corporate security department, although characterizing them as "isolated".[55] According to the Wall Street Journal's page one report, Deutsche Bank had prepared a list of names of 20 people who it wished investigated for criticism of the bank, including Michael Bohndorf (an activist investor in the bank) and Leo Kirch (a former media executive in litigation with bank).[55] Also targeted was the Munich law firm of Bub Gauweiler & Partner, which represents Kirch. According to the Wall Street Journal, the bank's legal department was involved in the scheme along with its corporate security department.[55] The bank has since hired Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton, a New York law firm, to investigate the incidents on its behalf. The Cleary firm has concluded its investigation and submitted its report, which however has not been made public.[55] According to the Wall Street Journal, the Cleary firm uncovered a plan by which Deutsche Bank was to infiltrate the Bub Gauweiler firm by having a bank "mole" hired as an intern at the Bub Gauweiler firm. The plan was allegedly cancelled after the intern was hired but before she started work.[55] Peter Gauweiler, a principal at the targeted law firm, was quoted as saying "I expect the appropriate authorities including state prosecutors and the bank's oversight agencies will conduct a full investigation."[55]

In May 2009, Deutsche Bank informed the public that the executive management had learned about possible violations which occurred in past years of the bank's internal procedures or legal requirements in connection with activities involving the bank's corporate security department. Deutsche Bank immediately retained the law firm Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton in Frankfurt to conduct an independent investigation[56] and informed the German Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin). The principal findings by the law firm, published in July 2009,[57] are as follows: Four incidents that raise legal issues such as data protection or privacy concerns have been identified. In all incidents, the activities arose out of certain mandates performed by external service providers on behalf of the Bank's Corporate Security Department. The incidents were isolated and no systemic misbehaviour has been found. And there is no indication that present members of the Management Board have been involved in any activity that raise legal issues or have had any knowledge of such activities.[57] This has been confirmed by the Public Prosecutor's Office in Frankfurt in October 2009.[58] Deutsche Bank has informed all persons affected by the aforementioned activities and expressed its sincere regrets. BaFin found deficiencies in operations within Deutsche Bank's security unit in Germany but found no systemic misconduct by the bank.[59] The bank has initiated steps to strengthen controls for the mandating of external service providers by its Corporate Security Department and their activities.[57]

April 2015 Libor scandal See also: Libor scandal

On 23 April 2015, Deutsche Bank agreed to a combined US$2.5 billion in fines – a US$2.175 billion fine by American regulators, and a €227 million penalty by British authorities – for its involvement in the Libor scandal uncovered in June 2012. The company also pleaded guilty to wire fraud, acknowledging that at least 29 employees had engaged in illegal activity. It will be required to dismiss all employees who were involved with the fraudulent transactions.[60] However, no individuals will be charged with criminal wrongdoing. In a Libor first, Deutsche Bank will be required to install an independent monitor.[61] Commenting on the fine, Britain's Financial Conduct Authority director Georgina Philippou said "This case stands out for the seriousness and duration of the breaches ... One division at Deutsche Bank had a culture of generating profits without proper regard to the integrity of the market. This wasn't limited to a few individuals but, on certain desks, it appeared deeply ingrained."[60] The fine represented a record for interest rate related cases, eclipsing a $1.5 billion Libor related fine to UBS, and the then-record $450 million fine assessed to Barclays earlier in the case.[60][61] The size of the fine reflected the breadth of wrongdoing at Deutsche Bank, the bank's poor oversight of traders, and its failure to take action when it uncovered signs of abuse internally.[61]

Role in 2007–2008 financial crisis See also: Financial crisis of 2007–2008

In January 2017, Deutsche Bank agreed to a $7.2 billion settlement with the U.S. Department of Justice over its sale and pooling of toxic mortgage securities in the years leading up to the 2008 financial crisis. As part of the agreement, Deutsche Bank was required to pay a civil monetary penalty of $3.1 billion and provide $4.1 billion in consumer relief, such as loan forgiveness. At the time of the agreement, Deutsche Bank was still facing investigations into the alleged manipulation of foreign exchange rates, suspicious equities trades in Russia, as well as alleged violations of U.S. sanctions on Iran and other countries. Since 2012, Deutsche Bank had paid more than €12 billion for litigation, including a deal with U.S. mortgage-finance giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.[62]

2015 sanctions violations

On 5 November 2015, Deutsche Bank was ordered to pay US$258 million (€237.2 million) in penalties imposed by the New York State Department of Financial Services and the United States Federal Reserve Bank after the bank was caught doing business with Burma, Libya, Sudan, Iran, and Syria which were under US sanctions at the time. According to the US federal authorities, Deutsche Bank handled 27,200 US dollar clearing transactions valued at more than US$10.86 billion (€9.98 billion) to help evade US sanctions between early 1999 until 2006 which are done on behalf of Iranian, Libyan, Syrian, Burmese, and Sudanese financial institutions and other entities subject to US sanctions, including entities on the Specially Designated Nationals by the Office of Foreign Assets Control.[63][64]

In response to the penalties, the bank will pay US$200 million (€184 million) to the NYDFS while the rest (US$58 million; €53.3 million) will go to the Federal Reserve. In addition to the payment, the bank will install an independent monitor, fire six employees who were involved in the incident, and ban three other employees from any work involving the bank's US-based operations.[65] The bank is still under investigation by the US Justice Department and New York State Department of Financial Services into possible sanctions violations relating to the 2014–15 Ukrainian crisis and its activities within Russia.[66]

2017 money-laundering fine

In January 2017, the bank was fined $425 million by the New York State Department of Financial Services (DFS)[67] and £163 million by the UK Financial Conduct Authority[68] regarding accusations of laundering $10 billion out of Russia.[69][70][71]

Robert Mueller's investigation

Deutsche Bank is widely recognized as being the largest creditor to real-estate-mogul-turned-politician Donald Trump, 45th President of the United States, holding more than US$360 million in outstanding loans to the candidate in the months prior to his 2016 election. Deutsche Bank’s role and possible relevance to an investigation of Trump and Russian parties colluding to elect him were reportedly under F.B.I. investigation as of December 2017.[72]

Criminal cartel charges in Australia

On 1 June 2018, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) announced that criminal cartel charges are expected to be laid by the Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions (CDPP) against ANZ Bank, it's Group Treasurer Rick Moscati, along with Deutsche Bank, Citigroup and a number of individuals.[73][74]

  • Morgan, Grenfell & Company, 1990
  • Bankers Trust, 30 November 1998[75]
  • Scudder Investments, 2001
  • RREEF, 2002[76][77]
  • Berkshire Mortgage Finance, 22 October 2004[78]
  • Chapel Funding (now DB Home Lending), 12 September 2006[79]
  • MortgageIT, 3 January 2007[80]
  • Hollandsche Bank-Unie, 2 July 2008
  • Sal. Oppenheim, 2010
  • Deutsche Postbank, 2010[81]
Notable employees
  • Hermann Josef Abs – chair (1957–1968)
  • Paul Achleitner, Chairman of the Supervisory Board
  • Josef Ackermann – CEO (2002–2012)
  • Michael Cohrs – head of Global Banking (2002–2010)
  • Sir John Craven – financier in London
  • Jürgen Fitschen, former co-chair
  • David Folkerts-Landau, head of research
  • Katherine Garrett-Cox, chief executive officer
  • Alfred Herrhausen – chair (1988–1989)
  • Anshu Jain – Former head of Corporate and Investment Banking
  • Henry Jackson – founder of OpCapita
  • Sajid Javid – (2007–2009)
  • Otto Hermann Kahn – philanthropist
  • Karl Kimmich – chairman (1942–1945)
  • Johannes Teyssen (chair of the management board of E.ON)
  • Georg von Siemens – co-founder and director (1870–1900)
  • Ted Virtue[82] – executive board member
  • Hermann Wallich – co-founder and director (1870–1893)
  • Boaz Weinstein – derivatives trader
See also
  • Companies portal
  • European Financial Services Roundtable
  1. ^ Ewing, Jack (8 April 2018). "Deutsche Bank Replaces C.E.O. Amid Losses and Lack of Direction". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Deutsche Bank Annual Report 2017" (PDF). Deutsche Bank. March 2018. Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  3. ^ Deutsche Bank. "Deutsche Bank Location Finder". Deutsche Bank. Retrieved 26 May 2018. 
  4. ^ "Top 50 Largest Banks in the World". 30 June 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2018. 
  5. ^ For the history of Deutsche Bank in general see Lothar Gall (et al.), The Deutsche Bank 1870–1995, London (Weidenfeld & Nicolson) 1995.
  6. ^ Statut der Deutschen Bank Aktien-Gesellschaft, Berlin 1870, pp. 3–4.
  7. ^ a b James, H (13 September 2004). The Nazi Dictatorship and the Deutsche Bank. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521838746. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  8. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Deutsche Bank, The". Encyclopedia Americana. 
  9. ^ Manfred Pohl / Angelika Raab-Rebentisch, Die Deutsche Bank in Bremen 1871–1996, Munich, Zurich (Piper) 1996.
  10. ^ Manfred Pohl / Angelika Raab-Rebentisch, Die Deutsche Bank in Hamburg 1872–1997, Munich, Zurich (Piper) 1997.
  11. ^ Deutsche Bank in China, Munich (Piper) 2008.
  12. ^ Manfred Pohl / Kathleen Burk, Deutsche Bank in London 1873–1998, Munich, Zurich (Piper) 1998.
  13. ^ Christopher Kobrak, Banking on Global Markets. Deutsche Bank and the United States, 1870 to the Present, New York (Cambridge University Press) 2008.
  14. ^ A Century of Deutsche Bank in Turkey, Istanbul 2008, pp. 21–27.
  15. ^ Historische Gesellschaft der Deutschen Bank (ed.), Die Deutsche Bank in Frankfurt am Main, Munich, Zurich (Piper) 2005.
  16. ^ Manfred Pohl / Angelika Raab-Rebentisch, Die Deutsche Bank in Leipzig 1901–2001, Munich, Zurich (Piper) 2001.
  17. ^ Manfred Pohl, Deutsche Bank Buenos Aires 1887–1987, Mainz (v. Hase & Koehler) 1987.
  18. ^ Maximilian Müller-Jabusch, 50 Jahre Deutsch-Asiatische Bank 1890–1939, Berlin 1940.
  19. ^ a b Archived 3 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ a b Schmid, John (5 February 1999). "Deutsche Bank Linked To Auschwitz Funding". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  21. ^ "$5.2 Billion German Settlement". 15 December 2004. Archived from the original on 8 September 2006. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  22. ^ For a detailed account of Deutsche Bank's involvement with the Nazis see: Harold James. The Nazi Dictatorship and the Deutsche Bank. Cambridge University Press, 2004, 296 pp., ISBN 0-521-83874-6.
  23. ^ "Unprofitable Vegas casino sold by Deutsche Bank for $1.73 billion". The Las Vegas News.Net. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c d "Levin–Coburn report on Wall Street and the Financial Crisis" (PDF). US Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. 13 April 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 May 2011. 
  25. ^ "Deutsche Bank Settles with US Shareholders". Market Watch. 3 January 2014. 
  26. ^ a b Braithwaite, Tom; Scannell, Kara; Mackenzie, Michael (5 December 2012). "Deutsche hid up to $12bn losses, say staff". Financial Times. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i Braithwaite, Tom; Mackenzie, Michael; Scannell, Kara (5 December 2012). "Deutsche Bank: Show of strength or a fiction?". Financial Times. 
  28. ^ Böll, Sven; Hawranek, Dietmar; Hesse, Martin; Jung, Alexander; Neubacher, Alexander; Reiermann, Christian; Sauga, Michael; Schult, Christoph; Seith, Anne; Sultan, Christopher (translator) (25 June 2012). "Imagining the Unthinkable. The Disastrous Consequences of a Euro Crash". Der Spiegel. Archived from the original on 26 June 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2012. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  29. ^
  30. ^ Javers, Eamon (15 March 2009). "AIG ships billions in bailout abroad". Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  31. ^ "Deutsche Bank Said to Be Ordered by EU to Close $1.7 Billion Capital Gap". Bloomberg. 28 October 2011. 
  32. ^
  33. ^ "When Deutsche Bank sneaks out its results on a Sunday night, they can't be good". Quartz. 19 January 2014. 
  34. ^ "Deutsche Bank Plans to Eliminate Dividend for Two Years in Overhaul". 29 October 2015. 
  35. ^ "Deutsche Bank cutting 15,000 jobs as new CEO sets out strategy plan". 29 October 2015. 
  36. ^ "Deutsche Bank appoints John Cryan to succeed Jürgen Fitschen and Anshu Jain". Deutsche Bank. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  37. ^ "Jain Era Ending as Deutsche Bank Appoints Cryan for Top Job". Bloomberg. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  38. ^ "Deutsche Bank reports preliminary full year and fourth quarter 2015 results". 
  39. ^ a b "Can Cryan halt Deutsche Bank's decline?". Euromoney. March 2016. 
  40. ^ "HNA Group, Secretive Chinese Conglomerate, Takes Top Stake in Deutsche Bank". The New York Times. 3 May 2017. 
  41. ^ "Deutshche Bank Annual Report". Retrieved 19 November 2015. 
  42. ^ "Neue Führung: Christian Sewing wird Chef der Deutschen Bank". Spiegel Online. 8 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018. 
  43. ^ a b Bray, Chad (19 May 2016). "Jürgen Fitschen to Stay With Deutsche Bank in New Role". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  44. ^ Dakers, Marion (2017). "Former Deutsche Bank boss Anshu Jain takes up new role at Cantor Fitzgerald". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  45. ^ Germany, Süddeutsche de GmbH, Munich. "Der Außenminister, der Kanzler-Neffe und Mr. Peanuts". Sü (in German). Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  46. ^ "Banken: Chronologie: Vorstandssprecher der Deutschen Bank". Die Zeit (in German). 31 May 2012. ISSN 0044-2070. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  47. ^ "Deutsche Bank Corporate & Investment Bank". Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  48. ^ "Deutsche Bank sells chunk of Polish business to Santander". Financial Times. 14 Dec 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  49. ^ "Deutsche Bank To Sell Portuguese Private and Commercial Clients Business To Abanca". Reuters. 27 March 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  50. ^ The Financial (28 May 2018). "Germany's biggest Private & Commercial Bank is launched". Retrieved 29 May 2018. 
  51. ^ "Wealth Management - Locations". Deutsche Bank. Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  52. ^ "Deutsche Bank Logo: Design and History". Retrieved 18 August 2011. 
  53. ^ "Deutsche Bank: Neuer Skandal | Börse Aktuell". Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  54. ^ "Steuerbetrug: Sechs Ex-Mitarbeiter der Deutschen Bank verurteilt". Die Zeit. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  55. ^ a b c d e f Crawford, David; Karnitschnig, Matthew (3 August 2009). "Bank Spy Scandal Widens". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  56. ^ "Deutsche Bank undertakes independent investigation" (Press release). 22 May 2009. Archived from the original on 1 June 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  57. ^ a b c "Deutsche Bank gives update on inquiries" (Press release). 22 July 2009. Archived from the original on 1 June 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  58. ^ "Press release Public Prosecutor's Office in Frankfurt" (Press release). 8 October 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  59. ^ "Deutsche Bank Probe Finds Individual Misconduct". The Wall Street Journal. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  60. ^ a b c "Deutsche Bank fined record $2.5 billion in rate rigging inquiry". Reuters. 23 April 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  61. ^ a b c Protess, Ben; Jack Ewing (23 April 2015). "Deutsche Bank to Pay $2.5 Billion Fine to Settle Rate-Rigging Case". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  62. ^ Freifeld, Karen. "Deutsche Bank agrees to $7.2 billion mortgage settlement with U.S." Reuters. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  63. ^ "Deutsche Bank to pay US$258m for violating US sanctions". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  64. ^ "NYDFS Announces Deutsche Bank to Pay $258 Million, Install Independent Monitor, Terminate Employees for Transactions on Behalf of Iran, Syria, Sudan, Other Sanctioned Entities". New York State Department of Financial Services. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  65. ^ "Deutsche Bank fined $258m for violating US sanctions". The Guardian. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  66. ^ "Deutsche Bank ordered to pay US over $250mn for violating sanction regime". RT. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  67. ^ "DFS Fines Deutsche Bank $425 Million for Russian Mirror-Trading Scheme". 30 January 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  68. ^ Jill Treanor. "Deutsche Bank fined $630m over Russia money laundering claims | Business". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  69. ^ Jr, Landon Thomas (30 January 2017). "Deutsche Bank Fined for Helping Russians Launder $10 Billion". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  70. ^ Wang, Christine (30 January 2017). "Deutsche Bank to pay $425 million fine over Russian money-laundering scheme: New York regulator". CNBC. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  71. ^ "Deutsche Bank Ends N.Y. Mirror-Trade Probe for $425 Million". Bloomberg L.P. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  72. ^ Smith, Allan (8 December 2017). "Trump's long and winding history with Deutsche Bank could now be at the center of Robert Mueller's investigation". Business Insider. Retrieved 29 January 2018. 
  73. ^ "Update: Criminal cartel charges to be laid against Deutsche Bank". ACCC. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  74. ^ "Update: Criminal cartel charges to be laid against Citigroup". ACCC. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018. 
  75. ^ "Acquisition of Bankers Trust Successfully Closed". Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  76. ^ "Deutsche Asset & Wealth Management – Real Estate Investment Management". 16 January 2015. 
  77. ^ "Deutsche Bank to acquire RREEF for $490 million". Archived from the original on 27 August 2010. 
  78. ^ "interstitials | Business solutions from". Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  79. ^ "Acquisition of Chapel Funding". 12 September 2006. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  80. ^ "Acquisition of MortgageIT Holdings". 28 July 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  81. ^ "Deutsche Bank wins control of Postbank". Financial Times. London. 
  82. ^ "Ted Virtue – MidOcean Partners LP". ZoomInfo. 
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The Deutsche Bank, 1870-1995
The Deutsche Bank, 1870-1995
This work tells the story of the rise to fortune of one of the world's largest banks - from its foundations on 1870 and the early years, to the great expansion before World War I, the difficult war years, the great inflation and the tenuous stabilization of the late 1920s, the great Depression and banking crisis of the early 30s, the effects of Nazi rule and a new world war, through to a key role in the great achievements and growth of postwar Germany and the bank's rise to a global provider of financial services.

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Bad Bank: Aufstieg und Fall der Deutschen Bank (German Edition)
Bad Bank: Aufstieg und Fall der Deutschen Bank (German Edition)
Deutsche Bank: Die Demontage eines deutschen VorzeigeunternehmensDie Deutsche Bank war einst der mächtigste Konzern der Republik. Fast nichts geschah in Deutschland ohne Wissen der Banker aus Frankfurt. Ende der 1990er Jahre baute das Institut seine Machtposition aus, schloss zur Weltspitze auf. Ein einzigartiger Aufstieg, der unaufhaltsam schien. Mehr Umsatz, mehr Profit, immer größere Boni für die Banker. Doch Dirk Laabs’ Recherchen zeigen: Nur weil die Bank illegal, teils kriminell und regelmäßig skrupellos handelte, konnte das Institut so erfolgreich und mächtig werden. Der tiefe Fall der Deutschen Bank begann mit der weltweiten Finanzkrise und ist bis heute nicht zu Ende.»Bad Bank« macht das System Deutsche Bank transparent und enthüllt dessen perfide Machenschaften und zerstörerische Mechanismen. Ein Milliarden-Poker, der letztlich mit unser aller Geld gespielt wird.

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Banking on Global Markets: Deutsche Bank and the United States, 1870 to the Present (Cambridge Studies in the Emergence of Global Enterprise)
Banking on Global Markets: Deutsche Bank and the United States, 1870 to the Present (Cambridge Studies in the Emergence of Global Enterprise)
Banking on Global Markets uses the story of the U.S. business and political dealings of Germany's largest bank to illuminate important developments in the ongoing globalization of major financial institutions. Throughout its nearly 140-year-long history, Deutsche Bank served as one of Germany's principal vehicles for forging economic and other links with the rest of the world. Despite some early successes in the face of severe obstacles for Deutsche Bank, the U.S. market probably remained Deutsche Bank's highest foreign priority and its most frustrating challenge. As with many foreign investors, Deutsche Bank found its hopes of harnessing America's enticing opportunities often dashed by many regulatory and political barriers. Relying on primary-source material, Banking on Global Markets traces Deutsche Bank involvement with the United States in the context of a changing national and international regulatory and economic environment that set the stage for its strategies and activities in the United States, and, at times, even in its home country. It is the story of how international cooperation furthered and conflict hindered those endeavors, and how international banking evolved from a very personalized business between nations to one dominated by enormous transnational markets. It is a work designed for anyone interested in how cross-border flows of information and capital have affected history and how our modern form of globalization distinguishes itself from that of earlier periods. A professor of finance and writer of history, Christopher Kobrak weaves together how these financial, political, and institutional developments have helped shape the emerging new international order.

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The Deutsche Bank and the Nazi Economic War against the Jews: The Expropriation of Jewish-Owned Property
The Deutsche Bank and the Nazi Economic War against the Jews: The Expropriation of Jewish-Owned Property
Deutsche Bank, Germany's largest financial institution, played an important role in the expropriation of Jewish-owned enterprises during the Nazi dictatorship, both in the existing territories of Germany, and in the areas seized by the German army during World War II, particularly Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. Drawing on new and previously unavailable materials, including branch records, and many from the Bank's own archives, Harold James examines policies that led to the eventual Genocide of European Jews. How much did the realization of the Nazi ideology depend on the acquiescence, the complicity, and the cupidity of individuals and economic institutions? Contradicting the traditional view that businesses were motivated by profit to cooperate with the Nazi regime, James closely examines the behavior of the bank and its individuals to suggest other motivations. James' unparalleled access and unusual perspective distinguishes this work as the only book to examine one company's involvement in the economic persecution of the Jews in Nazi Germany. Harold James is Professor of History at Princeton University. He is a member of the Independent Commission of Experts investigating the political and economic links of Switzerland with Nazi Germany, and of commissions to examine the roles of Deutsche Bank and Dresdner Bank. He is the author of several books on Germany economy and society, including Germany: The German Slump (Oxford University Press, 1986), A Germany Identity 1770-1990 (Routledge, 1993), and International Monetary Cooperation Since 1945 (Oxford University Press, 1996). He co-edited several books, including The Role of Banks in the Interwar Economy (Cambridge, 1991). James was also co-author of an earlier history of the commercial bank Deutsche Bank (Deutsche Bank 1870-1995, Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1995) which won the Financial Times Global Business Book Award in 1996. He lives in Princeton, New Jersey.

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The Fix Is In: The Deutsche Bank Building Fire Conspiracy
The Fix Is In: The Deutsche Bank Building Fire Conspiracy
Finally, the truth is revealed about Manhattan’s Deutsche Bank building fire. The devastating fire at 130 Liberty Street in the heart of Manhattan’s financial center — a short distance from what was the World Trade Center — was one of the worst fires in New York City’s history. Two firefighters were killed, and 105 were injured. One of the firefighters killed during the horrific fire was author Graffagnino’s son, Joey. Graffagnino refused to believe what high-level government decision makers were telling the public — that the fire was an accident. After eight years of relentless research in pursuit of the truth — combing through public records and interviewing firefighters on the scene, government officials, informed observers, whistleblowers and eyewitnesses — Graffagnino uncovered the truth. The horrific seven-alarm Deutsche Bank building fire was no accident. And all efforts to quell the raging inferno were in vain. The Fix Is In is not based upon a conspiracy theory, opinion or undocumented rumors, but confirmed facts. Graffagnino places blame where it belongs and exposes the people who benefited from the catastrophe.Find out for yourself. Discover the disturbing truth about a calculated and complex conspiracy involving top governmental agencies, corporate leaders and organized crime figures. “The Deutsche Bank fire was preventable,” said FDNY Captain Simon Ressner. “Preventive measures were deliberately sidestepped in the name of ambition and in the name of money.”

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Living in the Endless City: The Urban Age Project by the London School of Economics and Deutsche Bank's Alfred Herrhausen Society
Living in the Endless City: The Urban Age Project by the London School of Economics and Deutsche Bank's Alfred Herrhausen Society
The companion of Phaidon's popular The Endless City, Living in the Endless City will add the cities of Mumbai, Sao Paulo and Istanbul to the six cities of the first volume with the same mix of compelling photographs, in-depth and beautifully presented data, and smart writing by global thinkers. Each city is explored in a series of essays that address vital themes, from security to climate change, looking closely at the problems that face contemporary cities and examining a variety of solutions. Like the first book, the new one includes the best writing and information from the Urban Age project, a series of conferences held by the London School of Economics that explore vital field of urban development. Drawing on the work of scholars from all over the globe, this book will give the reader access to a wealth of ideas and data about Mumbai, Sao Paulo, Istanbul and, by extension, urban life across the globe. In addition to this close focus on each of the three cities, Living in the Endless City will feature analysis of surveys done in each city. Editors Deyan Sudjic of the Design Museum and Ricky Burdett of the LSE have also chosen the best contributors to both this book and The Endless City to write thematic essays that discuss the ideas and the lessons they have drawn across all nine cities.

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The Nazi Dictatorship and the Deutsche Bank
The Nazi Dictatorship and the Deutsche Bank
Examining the role of the Deutsche Bank, Germany's largest commercial bank, in the Nazi dictatorship, Harold James asks how the bank accommodated itself to a transition from democracy and a market economy to dictatorship and a planned economy. How did the new Zeitgeist influence the bank? What opportunities for profit did it see in the National Socialist route out of the Great Depression? What role did anti-Semitism play in the bank's business relations and its dealing with employees? How was the bank connected to Auschwitz?

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Die Deutsche Bank - Riese auf tönernen Füßen
Die Deutsche Bank - Riese auf tönernen Füßen
Interessante Einblicke in die Bankenwelt! Als Hörbuch ergänzt, aktualisiert und so überarbeitet, dass das Zuhören zum Genuss wird! Die Deutsche Bank ist die größte Bank Deutschlands und gilt als das mächtigste Unternehmen des Landes. Doch mit der zunehmenden internationalen Ausrichtung ihrer Geschäfte ist ein Strukturwandel verbunden, den die Bank nur mühsam bewältigt. Der Wirtschaftsriese ist in Nöten. Dieses Hörbuch blickt hinter die Kulissen der Deutschen Bank und fragt, wie es um ihre Macht heute bestellt ist. Es informiert objektiv und kritisch darüber, wie die Deutsche Bank wurde, was sie ist, wie sie funktioniert, welche Ziele sie verfolgt und welche Auswirkungen das auf Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft hat. Das Porträt einer Bank, der die gesellschaftlichen Folgen ihres Handelns absolut gleichgültig zu sein scheinen und deren Management erstaunliche Pannen unterlaufen. Ein Mythos wird entzaubert. Friedhelm Schwarz hat Sozialwissenschaften, Wirtschaft und Recht studiert und arbeitete in den Bereichen Public Relations und Werbung sowie als Wirtschaftsjournalist für Marketingthemen. Seit 1994 ist er ausschließlich als Buchautor und Ghostwriter tätig. Die Themen bewegen sich meist an der Schnittstelle von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, verknüpft mit ökonomischen und psychologischen Komponenten. Seit 1973 lebt und arbeitet er zusammen mit seiner Frau Ruth, sie verdienen gemeinsam das Geld und geben es auch gemeinsam wieder aus.

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The Science and Practice of Monetary Policy Today: The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics 2007
The Science and Practice of Monetary Policy Today: The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics 2007
Bridging the theory and practice of monetary policy, this book presents aspects of the New-Keynesian theory of monetary policy and its implications for the practical decision-making of central bankers. It also outlines important lessons for policymakers.

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The Endless City: The Urban Age Project by the London School of Economics and Deutsche Bank's Alfred Herrhausen Society
The Endless City: The Urban Age Project by the London School of Economics and Deutsche Bank's Alfred Herrhausen Society
More and more people are moving into towns and cities to live and work, which is altering the urban/rural balance of countries worldwide. THE ENDLESS CITY is an unparalleled study of the growth of six of the world's international cities (New York, Shanghai, London, Mexico City, Johannesburg, and Berlin), exploring key structural, social, and economic factors. This book was overseen by the London School of Economics, and features extensive research and coherent texts by world-renowned professionals in the field of urban planning and development. The information is presented in a comprehensive and visually compelling sequence, enabling quick and efficient reference as well as offering material that is exciting to study. Each city is examined individually in its own chapter as well as being analyzed comparatively in an observational chapter. THE ENDLESS CITY is authoritatively edited by Ricky Burdett and Deyan Sudjic in collaboration with the London School of Economics and the Urban Age Project, an expanding international organization seeking a new urban agenda for global cities.

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