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The Trump Organization
owner. Around 250 use the Trump name. Founded in 1923, by Donald Trump's grandmother and father as E. Trump & Son, Donald Trump led the organization between

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The Trump Organization Trump Tower, headquarters of the Trump OrganizationType Group of privately held companies all owned by Donald TrumpIndustry ConglomerateFounded 1923; 95 years ago (1923)
(as E. Trump & Son)Founders Elizabeth and Fred TrumpHeadquarters Trump Tower, New York CityArea served WorldwideKey people Donald Trump Jr. (Executive Director)
Eric Trump (EVP)
Allen Weisselberg (CFO)
Matthew F. Calamari (COO)[1]Services
  • Construction
  • Real Estate development
  • Entertainment
  • Hospitality
  • Retail
  • Online shopping
  • Investments
Revenue US$ 9.5 billion (2016)[2]Owner Donald TrumpNumber of employees 22,450[2]Website This article is part of
a series about
Donald Trump President of the United StatesIncumbent Presidency
  • Transition
  • Inauguration
  • Timeline
  • Executive actions
    • proclamations
    • pardons
  • Polls
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  • Trips
    • 2017
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    • Riyadh summit
    • Singapore summit
    • Helsinki summit
  • Cabinet
    • formation
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  • Federal judges
    • Gorsuch
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    • Supreme Court candidates
  • U.S. Attorneys
  • Dismissals
    • Comey
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    • tax cuts
    • tariffs
    • China trade war
  • Environment
    • Paris withdrawal
  • Foreign policy
    • Iran
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    • cannabis
Presidential election
  • 2016 campaign
    • 2000
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  • Never Trump
    • list
  • Sexual misconduct allegations
    • Access Hollywood tape
Controversies involving Russia
Business projects in Russia
Election interference
Links of associates with Russian officials
Steele dossier
Trump Tower meeting
Classified information disclosure
Special Counsel investigation
Business and personal
  • Business career
    • The Trump Organization
    • The Apprentice
    • Trump University
  • Books
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    • Stormy Daniels scandal
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The Trump Organization is the collective name for a group of approximately 500 business entities of which Donald Trump, the current U.S. President, is the sole or principal owner.[3] Around 250 use the Trump name.[4][5] Founded in 1923, by Donald Trump's grandmother and father as E. Trump & Son, Donald Trump led the organization between 1971 and 2017, as both chairman and president.[6]

The Trump Organization, through its various constituent companies and partnerships, has or has had interests in real estate development, investing, brokerage, sales and marketing, and property management. Trump Organization entities own, operate, invest in, and develop residential real estate, hotels, resorts, residential towers, and golf courses in various countries, as well as prime Manhattan real estate.[4][5][7] They also operate or have operated in construction, hospitality, casinos, entertainment, book and magazine publishing, broadcast media, model management, retail, financial services, food and beverages, business education, online travel, commercial and private aviation and beauty pageants.[8][9] Trump Organization entities also own a New York television production company that produced the reality television franchise The Apprentice.[10] Retail operations include or have included fashion apparel, jewelry and accessories, books, home furnishings, lighting products, bath textiles and accessories, bedding, home fragrance products, small leather goods, barware, steaks, chocolate bars, and bottled spring water.[11]

After September 2016, Trump Organization entities began to develop properties under the name Scion Hotels, which are priced lower and are marketed towards younger customers.[12][13]

Since the financial statements of the Trump Organization's holdings are private, as are Donald Trump's personal tax returns, there exist a wide range of estimates of the Trump Organization's true value. Donald Trump has been accused on several occasions of deliberately inflating the valuation of Trump Organization properties through the aggressive lobbying of the media, in particular the authors of the annual Forbes 400 list, in order to bolster his perceived net worth among the public over several decades. He has released little definitive financial documentation to the public to confirm his valuation claims.[14][15][16][17][18]

  • 1 History
    • 1.1 Founding and early history
    • 1.2 Leadership under Donald Trump
    • 1.3 Trump presidency
  • 2 Real estate
    • 2.1 Selected completed properties
    • 2.2 Carousel
    • 2.3 Skating rink
    • 2.4 Trump Winery
    • 2.5 Golf courses
      • 2.5.1 United States
      • 2.5.2 International
    • 2.6 Real estate licensing
    • 2.7 Former properties
  • 3 Other ventures and investments
  • 4 Valuation disputes
  • 5 Controversies
  • 6 Notes & references
    • 6.1 Notes
    • 6.2 References
  • 7 Further reading
  • 8 External links
History Founding and early history An early logotype of the Trump Organization, as it appeared in 1976 correspondence from Donald Trump to the Penn Central Transportation Company

The company's background starts with Frederick Trump and Elizabeth Christ Trump, a German immigrant couple who moved to the borough of Queens in 1906. Frederick began developing real estate there. In 1918, however, he died of influenza, leaving an estate valued at $31,359 ($492,016 in 2016 dollars).[19]

Elizabeth carried on in the real estate business after her husband's death. She had a local contractor build houses on an empty piece of property they owned, sold the houses, and lived off the mortgage and rental proceeds paid by the new owners. Her vision was to have her three children continue the family business when they finished school, but her middle son, Fred Trump, wanted to start earlier. She founded the company "E. Trump & Son" in 1923, when Fred was 18, to give him his start.[20][a] Since he was underage, she signed all legal documents. E. Trump & Son went out of business during the Great Depression.[25] Fred next opened a supermarket, but quickly sold it and returned to the real estate business by 1933.[26][27]

Fred Trump became a prolific builder of single-family homes in Queens and Brooklyn.[28] During World War II, he constructed apartments and temporary housing for military personnel in Virginia and Pennsylvania.[28] In 1944, he shifted his focus back to Brooklyn and began planning to develop large apartment buildings.[29] He opened the 1,344-unit Shore Haven complex in 1949,[30] followed by Beach Haven in 1950,[31] and Trump Village in 1964.[32]

Elizabeth remained involved in the family business throughout her life. Even in her 70s, she collected coins from the laundromats in the Trump buildings.[20]

Leadership under Donald Trump

Donald Trump worked for his father's business while attending the University of Pennsylvania, and in 1968 officially joined the company.[33] In the early 1970s, Donald was made president of the company, while Fred became chairman of the board.[34] Around 1973, Donald began referring to the business, which had previously had no single formal name, as the Trump Organization.[35]

Donald Trump focused his efforts on major development projects in Manhattan, including the renovation of the Commodore Hotel, in partnership with Hyatt, as the Grand Hyatt New York (opened in 1980);[36] the construction of Trump Tower in partnership with The Equitable (1983);[37] and the development of Trump Plaza (1984).[38][39] He also opened three casino hotels in Atlantic City, New Jersey: Trump Plaza (1984),[40] Trump Castle (1985),[41] and Trump Taj Mahal (1990).[42]

In 1990, the Trump Organization approached a financial crisis and was believed to be on the brink of collapse, with Donald Trump and his companies owing estimated debts of $3.4 billion.[43] Trump spent the following years renegotiating his debts, and gave up some properties, including the Trump Shuttle airline and a stake in the Plaza Hotel in Manhattan.[44] In 1995, he took another major step towards financial stability, launching a publicly traded company for the Trump casinos, Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts.[44][45] By 1996, Trump was widely considered to be making a comeback.[44][46] The casino company did not fare as well, however, and Trump eventually lost his stake in the company to bankruptcy.[47][48]

Fred Trump died in 1999.[31] In 2004, his four surviving children (Donald, Robert Trump, Maryanne Trump Barry, and Elizabeth Trump Grau) sold Fred's portfolio of 8,000 apartments for $700 million to a group led by Rubie Schron, marking the exit of Donald's family from ownership of the business.[49][50][51]

Trump presidency

Donald Trump relinquished his role as chairman and president of the Trump Organization after being elected as U.S. President. His two adult children and three others stayed on as key executives.[52]

On January 11, 2017, Trump announced that he and his daughter Ivanka would resign all roles within The Trump Organization, while his two oldest sons Donald Jr. and Eric would remain to run the various businesses along with existing Chief Financial Officer Allen Weisselberg.[53]

Trump retained his financial stake in the business, despite having offered during the campaign to put all his assets in a "blind trust" should he win the presidency.[54][55] His attorney at the time, Sheri Dillon, stated that Trump's assets would be overseen by an ethics officer, and that the Trump Organization will not pursue any new foreign business deals.[56]

Under the pre-inaugural management agreement, Forbes magazine reported in March 2017:

The Trump Organization has curtailed some of its international work, pulling out of deals in Azerbaijan, Georgia and Brazil, while pledging to do no new foreign deals (though it has apparently resurrected an old deal in the Dominican Republic). Trump’s international hotel licensing and management business only makes up $220 million of his estimated $3.5 billion fortune, but it’s the most dynamic part of the Trump portfolio—and it throws off chunks of cash with virtually no risk. As the Trumps have wound down some international deals, they continue to push forward with new domestic agreements.

Eric Trump, in the Forbes article, discussed the "clear separation of church and state that we maintain" between the business and his father and said that with his father's U.S. Presidency and related changes "ou could look at it either way" in terms of business prospects. He also said that "he will continue to update his father on the business while he is in the presidency ... 'probably quarterly ... profitability reports and stuff like that'". The article quoted Larry Noble, general counsel of the nonpartisan Campaign Legal Center and a former chief ethics officer at the Federal Election Commission, and President George W. Bush’s former chief ethics lawyer, Richard Painter, as looking negatively at such multiple planned updates of President Trump per year.[57] Noble said in part "if he is now going to get reports from his son about the businesses, then he really isn’t separate in any real way” and Painter said in part "at the end of the day, he owns the business. He has the conflicts that come with it.”[57]

Also in March 2017, Forbes did a listing of all "36 mini-Trumps", as it termed the domestic and international partners—often described as "billionaires"—with whom The Trump Organization has worked over the years. Introducing the listing, the magazine reported that at least 14 of the partners attended the President's inauguration and some of them paid for $18,000-a-night accommodations at the Trump International Hotel in Washington, D.C. for the event.[58]

Real estate Map highlights countries with properties that are either owned or licensed by the Trump Organization as of December 2016.[59][60]

In 2015 Forbes estimated that Trump's real estate holdings were worth about US$3.5 billion with a value of commercial properties totaled at US$1.3 billion, his residential properties at US$410 million, and his club facilities at US$866 million, and an additional US$940 million for properties he has less than 100% stake in.[61]

Trump's real estate holdings form the core of his assets and provide much of his income, with a wide array of real estate licensing, branding and marketing deals and royalties that provide millions in annual cash flow.[62][63] As of 2005[update] Trump-branded condominiums in New York City sold for 36% more than comparable properties, according to the Corcoran Group.[64] In 2015, Trump earned $71 million from condo sales and collects $41.9 million in rental income on his buildings annually.[65]

Selected completed properties The Trump World Tower at United Nations Plaza The Trump International Hotel and Tower (New York City) at Columbus Circle
  • Trump Tower, 725 Fifth Avenue, Midtown Manhattan: A 58-story[66] mixed-use tower, the headquarters of the Trump Organization, was developed in partnership with The Equitable, and opened in 1983. Trump bought out the Equitable's stake in 1986,[67] and now owns the office and retail components of the tower.[68] The building also contains the three-story penthouse apartment that was Donald Trump's primary residence until he moved to the White House.[69] The value of the tower was estimated at $450 million in 2017.[70] Trump took out a $100 million mortgage on the building in 2012.[68]
  • Trump World Tower, 845 United Nations Plaza, also in Midtown Manhattan: In 2006, Forbes magazine estimated "$290 million in profits and unrealized appreciation" going to Trump.[71]
  • AXA Financial Center in Manhattan and 555 California Street in San Francisco: Trump owns a 30 percent stake in these two office buildings, resulting from a property swap involving Riverside South. Trump's stake in the two buildings was estimated to be at least $850 million as of 2013[update].[68]
  • The Trump Building at 40 Wall Street: Trump bought and renovated this building for $1 million in 1995. The pre-tax net operating income at the building as of 2011[update] was US$20.89 million and is valued at $350 to $400 million, according to the New York Department of Finance. Trump took out a $160 million mortgage attached to the property with an interest rate of 5.71% to use for other investments.[68] Forbes valued the property at $260 million in 2006.[71]
  • Trump International Hotel and Tower Chicago: The entire project is valued at $1.2 billion ($112 million stake for Trump).
  • Trump International Hotel Las Vegas: A joint development with fellow Forbes 400 members, Phil Ruffin ("key partner"), and Jack Wishna ("minority partner").[72] In 2006, Trump's stake was estimated at $162 million.[71] In Forbes in March 2017, the Trump International Las Vegas was described as a 50-50 partnership between Donald Sr. and Ruffin, with Eric as the primary manager for the Trump Organization.[57]
  • Trump International Hotel and Tower New York: Trump provided his name and expertise to the building's owner (GE) during the building's re-development in 1994 for a fee totaling $40 million ($25 million for project management and $15 million in incentives deriving from the condo sales). Forbes values Trump's stake at $12 million. In March 2010, the penthouse apartment at Trump International Hotel & Tower in New York City sold for $33 million.[73][74]
  • Trump Park Avenue Park Avenue & 59th Street: It is valued at $142 million. Trump owns 23 apartments at Trump Park Avenue, which he rents for rates as high as $100,000 per month, and 19 units at Trump Parc.[68]
  • 6 East 57th Street: Trump has a leasehold interest on this retail building, adjacent to Trump Tower, through the year 2079.[75] The building was occupied by a Niketown store from 1996 to 2018.[75][76] The value of Trump's interest was estimated at $470 million as of 2015[update].[77]
  • Mar-a-Lago: A historic estate in Palm Beach, Florida, most of which was converted by Trump into a members-only resort. The property was worth as much as $250 million as of 2013[update].[68] Trump also owns two neighboring private houses, valued at $6.5 million and $3 million.[68]
  • Seven Springs: A 213-acre (86 ha) estate with a 13-bedroom mansion near Bedford, New York. Trump paid $7.5 million for the property in 1995.[78] Local brokers put the property's value at around $40 million as of 2013[update].[68] Trump had hoped to develop the land with a golf course or houses, but apparently abandoned those plans in 2015.[78]
  • Beverly Hills house: A 5-bedroom home purchased by Trump in 2007 for $7 million,[79] and valued at $8.5 to $10 million as of 2013[update].[68]
  • Trump International Hotel Washington, D.C.: The Old Post Office Pavilion, historically known as the Old Post Office and Clock Tower, is a property located at 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. The Trump Organization developed the property into a luxury hotel, which opened in September 2016.

Central Park Carousel: A merry-go-round carousel located in Central Park, Manhattan. In 2010, Trump took over the management of the Central Park carousel, where he promised to revive the merry-go-round after its previous operator was removed by the city's parks department. The carousel generates $589,000 from annual admissions.[80][81][82] The Trump Organization has a contract to operate the carousel through 2021.[83]

Skating rink Wollman Rink, Central Park

Wollman Rink: A public ice rink in the southern part of Central Park. Wollman Rink has been operated by a joint venture between Trump Organization and Rink Management Services of Mechanicsville, Virginia since 2001. The Trump name is prominently displayed on the walls of the rink as well as on the Zamboni that maintains the rink. Operation of the Lasker Rink on the north edge of Central Park is also handled by the two companies. The rink generates close to $8.7 million in annual income from rink admissions.[65][80][81] The Trump Organization has a contract to operate the rink through 2021.[83]

Trump Winery

Trump Winery is a winery situated on Trump Vineyard Estates near Charlottesville, Virginia. It is valued between $5 million to $25 million.[65]

The vineyard was purchased by Trump in April 2011 from Patricia Kluge, the widow of John Kluge. The property was distressed.[84] and was officially opened in October 2011.[85] Trump Winery is situated in the Monticello Wine Trail. Trump's son Eric was a partner in the purchase.[86]

After purchasing the property, Trump turned over management of the winery to his son.

Golf courses

The Trump Organization owns or manages seventeen golf courses in the United States, Scotland, Ireland, and the United Arab Emirates.[87] As of 2015[update], Trump listed income of at least $176 million in an 18-month span from his golf courses – about 41% of the low-end estimate of his income.[65]

United States Trump National Golf Club in Los Angeles Trump Turnberry golf course in Scotland
  • Trump Golf Links at Ferry Point, New York
  • Trump International Golf Club, West Palm Beach, Florida
  • Trump National Doral Miami: An 800-acre (320 ha) resort with five golf courses, 700 hotel rooms, a spa, meeting spaces, and retail outlets. Trump bought the property out of bankruptcy in 2012 for $150 million, and has spent over $250 million on renovations.[88] Its value has been estimated at over $1 billion, and there was a $125 million mortgage on the property as of 2013[update].[68]
  • Trump National Golf Club, Bedminster, New Jersey
  • Trump National Golf Club, Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Trump National Golf Club, Colts Neck, New Jersey
  • Trump National Golf Club, Hudson Valley, New York
  • Trump National Golf Club, Jupiter, Florida
  • Trump National Golf Club, Los Angeles
  • Trump National Golf Club, Philadelphia
  • Trump National Golf Club, Washington, D.C.
  • Trump National Golf Club, Westchester, New York
  • Trump International Golf Club, Dubai: A golf course owned by Damac Properties and managed by the Trump Organization.[89] Located in the Damac Hills residential development, it opened in 2017.[89] Trump's involvement with Damac head Hussain Sajwani has been cited as a source of possible conflicts of interest for Trump's presidency.[90][91]
  • Trump International Golf Links and Hotel Ireland
  • Trump International Golf Links, Scotland: A links course built in Balmedie, Aberdeenshire. The development of the course was controversial because of local concerns about the environmental impact, as well as a legal battle over the construction of a nearby offshore wind farm.
  • Trump Turnberry: A historic golf resort with three courses and a hotel, located in South Ayrshire, Scotland. Trump purchased the property in 2014, despite having threatened to withdraw any further investment in Scotland amid the wind farm controversy.[92]
  • Trump World Golf Club, Dubai: A second golf course under construction by Damac in its Akoya Oxygen housing development.[93] The course, designed by Tiger Woods, is expected to open in 2018.[93]
Real estate licensing Trump International Hotel at Las Vegas Trump International Hotel & Tower, Toronto

Many developers pay Donald Trump to market their properties and be the public face for their projects.[94] For that reason, Trump does not own many of the buildings that display his name.[94] According to Forbes, this portion of Trump's empire, actually run by his children, has valuation of $562 million. According to Forbes, there were 33 licensing projects under development including seven "condo hotels" (i.e. The seven Trump International Hotel and Tower developments). Trump has generated more than $74 million in real estate licensing deals and has $823.3 million worth of real estate in joint ventures.[68]

  • Manhattan:
    • Trump Palace: 200 East 69th Street, New York, NY.
    • Trump Parc and Trump Parc East: Two adjoining buildings on Central Park South on the southwest corner of The Avenue of the Americas. Trump Parc East is a 14-story apartment building and Trump Parc (the former Barbizon Plaza Hotel) is a 38-story condominium building.
    • Trump Plaza: 167 East 61st Street, New York, NY (36-story, Y-shaped plan condominium building on the Upper East Side)
    • 610 Park Avenue (Old Mayfair Hotel): Trump is helping with the construction and development of this property for Colony NorthStar.
    • Trump SoHo: Hotel Condominium: A partnership with Bayrock Group to build a 42-story building in Soho.[citation needed] "Russian-born" Felix Sater was listed as an employee of Bayrock when the partnership was born. Sater had served time in prison for injuries he inflicted in a bar fight before the Soho partnership.[58]
  • New York City suburbs:
    • Trump Bay Street: A 447-unit rental apartment building in Jersey City with the real estate development company, Kushner Properties and The KABR Group.[95]
    • Trump Plaza: An apartment tower located adjacent to Trump Bay Street.
    • Trump Plaza: A 39-story luxury residence and hotel with retail space in Westchester County, NY with developer Louis R. Cappelli.
    • Trump Tower at City Center: A 35-story condominium apartment building built in Westchester County, New York with developer Louis R. Cappelli.
    • Trump Parc Stamford: A development in Stamford, Connecticut with F. D. Rich Company and Louis R. Cappelli.
    • Trump Park Residences: A development in Shrub Oak, NY with Louis Cappelli.
  • Florida:
    • Trump International Hotel and Tower Fort Lauderdale: Anticipated completion was 2007. Trump "decided to pull his name from the marquee and end his agreement with the developers" in 2009[96] and the developers defaulted on a $139 million loan in 2010, leaving the building faced with foreclosure.[97] In November 2010, Trump announced he was no longer affiliated with the project.[98]
    • Trump Towers Sunny Isles Beach (Sunny Isles Beach, Florida): An oceanfront condominium development consisting of three 271-unit towers with developer Dezer Properties.
    • Trump Grande Ocean Resort and Residences: A three-building oceanfront enclave consisting of the Trump International Beach Resort and two residential condominium towers, the Trump Palace and Trump Royale, with developer Dezer Properties.
    • Trump Hollywood, a 200-unit, 41-story condominium tower in Hollywood, Florida,[99] developed by Jorge M. Pérez and The Related Companies. Announced in 2006 and began construction a year later.[100][101] Opened in 2009 and foreclosed the following year,[102][103][104] before selling out in 2012.[99]
    • Trump Tower: Cancelled project in Tampa, Florida.
  • Other domestic:
    • Trump Towers Atlanta: project foreclosed and cancelled.[105][106]
    • Trump Tower: empty lot in Philadelphia, filed for bankruptcy as of January 2013 to prevent imminent foreclosure.[107]
    • Trump International Hotel and Tower Waikiki Beach Walk: Completed in November 2009 with 462 hotel-condominium units.
    • Trump International Hotel & Residence: was a proposed real estate development in Phoenix, Arizona that was cancelled on December 21, 2005.
    • Trump International Hotel and Tower: New Orleans (Project slated to begin construction during the first quarter of 2007). "Declared dead in July 2011 after the location land was foreclosed on and sold at auction".[citation needed]
    • Trump International Hotel and Tower Chicago: Completed in early 2009 (Opened to public January 30, 2009). Cost of construction was approximately US$847 million.[108]
  • International:
    • Elite Tower, Ramat Gan, Israel was a planned commercial real estate development slated to be the tallest building in Israel. Called the Trump Plaza Tower, Trump shelved the plans in 2007, when the site was sold on to Azorim for NIS 306.5 million.[109][110] Trump purchased the site for $44 million.[111]
    • Trump International Hotel & Tower Lido Lake, West Java, Indonesia. Trump Hotels will be involved with the 700-hectare Lido Lake development, 1 hour from Bandung, Indonesia including a six-star luxury resort, 18-hole signature Ernie Els championship golf course, elite Lifestyle Country Club & Spa as well as a high-end residential offering including luxury villas and condominiums.[112][113] One of the Trump Organization's partners in Indonesia is Tanoesoedibjo, who is "building up a following as he mulls a presidential run", according to Forbes.[57][58] MNC Lido City is partially funded by the Chinese government.[114][115]
    • Trump International Hotel & Tower Vancouver, Vancouver. A skyscraper under construction in Downtown Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The 63-story, 188-metre-high (617 ft), mixed-use tower is located at 1133 West Georgia Street, and has been completed in 2016. Trump Vancouver is the second tallest building in the city, after the Shangri-La tower located across West Georgia Street.[citation needed] The licensed tower in Vancouver is a project primarily of Donald Jr.'s with its builder, "Malaysian heir Joo Kim Tiah".[57]
    • Trump Towers Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey[116]
Trump Ocean Club International Hotel and Tower, Panama
  • Trump World Seoul, Korea: Which Trump received a licensing fee of $5 million to lend his name.
  • The Palm Trump International Hotel and Tower, Dubai
  • Trump Ocean Club International Hotel and Tower, Panama
  • Trump Ocean Resort Baja Mexico was a planned 3 tower, 25-story, 526 unit hotel condominium, San Diego. This project collapsed due to the project's failure to secure financing.
  • Trump at Cap Cana will be located in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic.
  • Trump Tower Manila, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines: The brand name and mark under license. Anticipated completion is to be announced.[citation needed] Philippines president Rodrigo Duterte "appointed Trump partner Jose Antonio to serve as a special envoy to the United States just before Trump's November victory".[58]
  • Trump Tower, Mumbai, India.[117] "Billionaire Mangal Lodha is developing a 75-story, 300 apartments luxury residential project called Trump Towers building while serving as a regional vice president of a major political party."[58][118]
  • Trump Towers Pune, India, built in association with Panchshil Realty in Pune's Kalyani Nagar area.[117][118]
  • Trump Towers, Gurugram, India is the largest super-luxury residential development in India with 1.25 million sq. ft. project near Golf Course Extension Road, which will be built by IREO alongside a retail complex for about Rs 1,000 crore.[118]
  • Trump Towers, Gurugram, India is the second project in Gurgaon tied up with developer M3M India to build a residential building in Gurgaon.[118]
  • Trump Towers Kolkata, India is the result of tie up with Unimark Group and Trump Organization to build a 38 floor 400,000 sq. ft. residential project near Eastern Metropolitan Bypass stretch, Kolkata.[118]
  • As of February 2017 in South America, the Trump Organization had one active project: the Trump Tower Punta del Este in Punta del Este, Uruguay. By that time, the company had ended its involvement with two projects in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: the partially built Trump Hotel Rio de Janeiro and the unbuilt Trump Towers Rio office complex. The company also dropped plans for another office project,[119] the 35-story Trump Office Buenos Aires,[120] which was to be built in Buenos Aires, Argentina.[119] Paulo Figueiredo Filho partnered with the organization in Brazil and "worked mostly with the children".[57]
Former properties
  • Empire State Building: Trump acquired 50 percent ownership of the iconic skyscraper in 1994.[121] After failed efforts to gain control of the building by evicting the master leaseholder, he and his partner sold the building in 2002.[122]
  • General Motors Building at Trump International Plaza: Trump partnered with Conseco to buy the 50-story Manhattan office building in 1998, and then attached his name to it.[123] The building was sold in 2003.[124]
  • Grand Hyatt New York: Trump partnered with Hyatt to purchase and renovate the historic Commodore Hotel.[36] They reopened the hotel in 1980.[36] Trump sold his stake to Hyatt in 1996.[125]
  • Plaza Hotel: A historic hotel in Manhattan. Trump purchased it in 1988. He gave up half of his ownership in a 1992 bankruptcy case, and sold the rest in 1995.[126][127]
  • Hotel St. Moritz: Trump bought this Manhattan hotel in 1985 for $72 million, and then sold it in 1988 for $180 million.[128]
  • Maison de L'Amitie: A 43,000-square-foot (4,000 m2) oceanfront mansion in Palm Beach, Florida. Trump purchased this property for $41 million at a bankruptcy auction in 2004, renovated it, and then sold it for $95 million in 2008, making it, at the time, the most expensive house ever sold in the United States.[129]
  • Trump International Hotel and Tower Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Other ventures and investments

Trump owns a wide variety of other enterprises outside real estate (which had an estimated 2013 value of US$317.6 million).[130] Other investments include a 17.2% stake in Parker Adnan, Inc. (formerly AdnanCo Group), a Bermuda-based financial services holdings company.

Beyond his traditional ventures in the real-estate, hospitality, and entertainment fields and having carved out a niche for the Trump brand within these industries, Trump has moved on to establish the Trump name and brand in a multitude of other industries and products. He has made millions attaching his name to numerous products and services that range from energy drinks to books.[7][9] He took in $1.1 million in men's wear licensing royalties.[131] Trump earns $15,000 to $100,000 in book royalties and $2.2 million for his involvement with Trump Model Management every year.[132] Until 2015 Trump owned the Miss Universe, Miss USA and Miss Teen USA pageants, collectively worth $15 million.[68]

Trump has marketed his name on a large number of products and services achieving mixed success doing so. Some of his external entrepreneurial and investment ventures include or have included:

  • Trump Financial (a mortgage firm)
  • Trump Sales and Leasing (residential sales)
  • Trump International Realty (a residential and commercial real estate brokerage firm)
  • The Trump Entrepreneur Initiative (a for profit business education company, formerly called Trump University)
  • Trump Restaurants (located in Trump Tower and consisting of Trump Buffet, Trump Catering, Trump Ice Cream Parlor, and Trump Bar)
  • (a former online travel search engine[133][134]
  • Select By Trump (a line of coffee drinks)[135]
  • Trump Drinks (an energy drink for the Israeli and Palestinian markets)[1][136]
  • Donald J. Trump Signature Collection (a line of menswear, men's accessories, and watches)
  • Donald Trump The Fragrance (2004)
  • SUCCESS by Donald Trump (a second fragrance launched by the Trump Organization and the Five Star Fragrance Company, released in March 2012)
  • Trump Ice (a line of bottled water)
  • the former Trump Magazine[137]
  • Trump Golf
  • Trump Chocolate
  • Trump Home (home furnishings)[74]
  • Trump Productions (a television production company)
  • Trump Institute
  • Trump: The Game (1989 board game with a 2004 re-release version tied to The Apprentice)[134]
  • Donald Trump's Real Estate Tycoon (a business-simulation game)
  • Trump Books
  • Trump Model Management
  • Trump Realty
  • Trump Shuttle
  • Trump Mortgage
  • Trump Vodka[74][138]
  • Trump Steakhouse[133][139]
  • Trump Steaks[134]

In addition, Trump reportedly receives $1.5 million for each one-hour presentation he does for The Learning Annex.[140][141] Trump also endorsed ACN Inc. a multi-level marketing telecommunications company. He has spoken at ACN International Training Events at which he has praised the company's founders, business model and video phone.[142] He earned a total $1.35 million for three speeches given for the company amounting to $450,000 per speech.[143][144]

The Trump Organization also houses ventures started by Donald Trump's daughter Ivanka, which includes Ivanka Trump Fine Jewelry (a jewelry line) and The Ivanka Trump Lifestyle Collection (a high-end designer-fashion and cosmetics line that includes fragrances, footwear, handbags, outerwear and eyewear collections).[145]

Valuation disputes

The financial statements of the Trump Organization's holdings are private, as are Donald Trump's personal tax returns, and there exist a wide range of estimates of the Trump Organization's true value. Donald Trump has been accused on several occasions of deliberately inflating the valuation of Trump Organization properties through the aggressive lobbying of the media, in particular the authors of the annual Forbes 400 list, in order to bolster his perceived net worth among the public over several decades. He has released little definitive financial documentation to the public confirm his valuation claims.[14][15][16][17][18]

It is difficult to determine a net value for the Trump Organization's real estate holdings independently since each individual property may be encumbered by debt.[14]

In October 2015 the Forbes, the owner of the Forbes 400 list published an article titled, "Inside The Epic Fantasy That's Driven Donald Trump For 33 Years" detailing its struggle to estimate the true new worth of Trump and his Trump Organization.[146] In 2018 a former Forbes journalist who had worked on the Forbes list claimed in an Op-Ed to the Washington Post that Trump had lied about his wealth to Forbes to get on the list repeatedly and suggested that Forbes' previous low-end estimates of Trump's net worth were still well above his true net worth.[14]


In 1973, the U.S. Department of Justice's (DOJ) Civil Rights Division filed a civil rights suit against The Trump Organization charging that it refused to rent to black people. The National Urban League had sent black and white testers to apply for apartments in Trump-owned complexes; the whites got the apartments, the blacks did not. According to court records, four superintendents or rental agents reported that applications sent to the central office for acceptance or rejection were coded by race. A 1979 Village Voice article quoted a rental agent who said that Fred Trump instructed him not to rent to black people and to encourage existing black tenants to leave. In 1975, a consent decree described by the head of DOJ's housing division as "one of the most far-reaching ever negotiated," required Trump to advertise vacancies in minority papers and list vacancies with the Urban League. The Justice Department subsequently stated that continuing "racially discriminatory conduct by Trump agents has occurred with such frequency that it has created a substantial impediment to the full enjoyment of equal opportunity."[147]

Also, it is alleged that The Trump Organization has a history of not paying for services rendered. Several hundred contractors or workers for the organization have filed lawsuits or liens saying they were not paid for their work, and others say they had to settle for cents on the dollar.[148]

In 1989, New York State officials ordered the Grand Hyatt New York, a hotel owned at the time by the Trump Organization and the Hyatt Corporation, to pay New York City $2.9 million in rent that had been withheld by the hotel in 1986 due to "unusual" accounting changes approved by Donald Trump.[149] An investigation by New York City auditors noted that the hotel was missing basic financial records and found that the hotel was using procedures that violated generally accepted accounting principles.

From 2000 on, the Trump Organization held 50% of TD Trump Deutschland AG, a corporate venture with a German company, planning to build a skyscraper named "Trump Tower Europe" in Frankfurt, Berlin or Stuttgart, but allegedly never paid the full amount of their €2 million share.[150] At least three lawsuits followed and the company was disestablished in 2005.[151]

As of August 2017[update],[152] Tom Scharfeld owns the trademark of "iTrump" mobile app which plays the trumpet. As "the word trump has other meanings",[153][154][155] the Court did not rule in favour of The Trump Organization.

On March 15, 2018, the New York Times reported that Special Counsel Robert Mueller, as part of his inquiry into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election, had previously issued a subpoena for documents from the Trump Organization. Alan S. Futerfas, a lawyer representing the Trump Organization, said: “Since July 2017, we have advised the public that the Trump Organization is fully cooperative with all investigations, including the special counsel, and is responding to their requests.”[156]

The New York Times reported on August 23, 2018 that the New York County District Attorney was considering criminal charges against the Organization and two of its senior executives regarding the payment of hush money to Stormy Daniels.[157]

Notes & references Notes
  1. ^ Some modern sources, including Donald Trump's The Art of the Deal, refer to the company as "Elizabeth Trump & Son."[21][22] Contemporary sources, however, refer to it as "E. Trump & Son."[23][24]
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Further reading
  • Frank, Thomas (January 12, 2018). "Secret Money: How Trump Made Millions Selling Condos to Unknown Buyers". BuzzFeed News.
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House of Trump, House of Putin: The Untold Story of Donald Trump and the Russian Mafia
House of Trump, House of Putin: The Untold Story of Donald Trump and the Russian Mafia
THE NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER“The story Unger weaves with those earlier accounts and his original reporting is fresh, illuminating and more alarming than the intelligence channel described in the Steele dossier.”—The Washington PostHouse of Trump, House of Putin offers the first comprehensive investigation into the decades-long relationship among Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin, and the Russian Mafia that ultimately helped win Trump the White House. It is a chilling story that begins in the 1970s, when Trump made his first splash in the booming, money-drenched world of New York real estate, and ends with Trump’s inauguration as president of the United States. That moment was the culmination of Vladimir Putin’s long mission to undermine Western democracy, a mission that he and his hand-selected group of oligarchs and Mafia kingpins had ensnared Trump in, starting more than twenty years ago with the massive bailout of a string of sensational Trump hotel and casino failures in Atlantic City. This book confirms the most incredible American paranoias about Russian malevolence. To most, it will be a hair-raising revelation that the Cold War did not end in 1991—that it merely evolved, with Trump’s apartments offering the perfect vehicle for billions of dollars to leave the collapsing Soviet Union. In House of Trump, House of Putin, Craig Unger methodically traces the deep-rooted alliance between the highest echelons of American political operatives and the biggest players in the frightening underworld of the Russian Mafia. He traces Donald Trump’s sordid ascent from foundering real estate tycoon to leader of the free world. He traces Russia’s phoenixlike rise from the ashes of the post–Cold War Soviet Union as well as its ceaseless covert efforts to retaliate against the West and reclaim its status as a global superpower. Without Trump, Russia would have lacked a key component in its attempts to return to imperial greatness. Without Russia, Trump would not be president. This essential book is crucial to understanding the real powers at play in the shadows of today’s world. The appearance of key figures in this book—Paul Manafort, Michael Cohen, and Felix Sater to name a few—will ring with haunting significance as Robert Mueller’s investigation into Trump’s alleged collusion with Russia closes in on the truth.

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Fear: Trump in the White House
Fear: Trump in the White House
“Explosive.”—The Washington Post “Devastating.”—The New Yorker “Unprecedented.”—CNN THE INSIDE STORY ON PRESIDENT TRUMP, AS ONLY BOB WOODWARD CAN TELL ITWith authoritative reporting honed through eight presidencies from Nixon to Obama, author Bob Woodward reveals in unprecedented detail the harrowing life inside President Donald Trump’s White House and precisely how he makes decisions on major foreign and domestic policies. Woodward draws from hundreds of hours of interviews with firsthand sources, meeting notes, personal diaries, files and documents. The focus is on the explosive debates and the decision-making in the Oval Office, the Situation Room, Air Force One and the White House residence. Fear is the most intimate portrait of a sitting president ever published during the president’s first years in office.

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Spygate: The Attempted Sabotage of Donald J. Trump
Spygate: The Attempted Sabotage of Donald J. Trump
The comprehensive story of how the Obama administration, Hillary Clinton campaign, and foreign entities tried to sabotage the Trump campaign in the 2016 presidential election.Everyone has an opinion about whether or not Donald Trump colluded with the Russians to defeat Hillary Clinton in 2016. The number of actors involved is staggering, the events are complicated, and it’s hard to know who or what to believe. Spygate bypasses opinion and brings facts together to expose the greatest political scandal in American history.Former Secret Service agent and NYPD police officer Dan Bongino joins forces with journalist D.C. McAllister to clear away fake news and show you how Trump’s political opponents, both foreign and domestic, tried to sabotage his campaign and delegitimize his presidency. By following the names and connections of significant actors, the authors reveal:•Why the Obama administration sent a spy connected to the Deep State into the Trump campaign •How Russians were connected to the opposition research firm hired by the Clinton campaign to find dirt on Trump•How the FBI failed to examine DNC computers after they were hacked, relying instead on the findings of a private company connected to the DNC and the Obama administraton•Why British intelligence played a role in building the collusion narrative•What role Ukrainians played in legitimizing the perception that Trump was conspiring with the Russians•How foreign players in the two events that kickstarted the Trump-Russia collusion investigation were connected to the Clinton Foundation, and •What motivated the major actors who sought to frame the Trump campaign and secure a win for Hillary Clinton

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Proof of Collusion: How Trump Betrayed America
Proof of Collusion: How Trump Betrayed America
NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLERUSA TODAY BESTSELLER"Spirited, thorough, and thunderously foreboding." --Kirkus ReviewsFor the first time, the full, explosive record of the unthinkable: how a US president compromised American foreign policy in exchange for the promise of future business and covert election assistance.Looking back at this moment in history, historians will ask if Americans knew they were living through the first case of criminal conspiracy between an American presidential candidate turned commander in chief and a geopolitical enemy. The answer might be: it was hard to see the whole picture. The stories coming in from around the globe have often seemed fantastical: clandestine meetings in foreign capitals, secret recordings in a Moscow hotel, Kremlin agents infiltrating the Trump inner circle... Seth Abramson has tracked every one of these far-flung reports and now in, Proof of Collusion, he finally gives us a record of the unthinkable--a president compromising American foreign policy in exchange for the promise of future business and covert election assistance. The attorney, professor, and former criminal investigator has used his exacting legal mind and forensic acumen to compile, organize, and analyze every piece of the Trump-Russia story. His conclusion is clear: the case for collusion is staring us in the face. Drawing from American and European news outlets, he takes readers through the Trump-Russia scandal chronologically, putting the developments in context and showing how they connect. His extraordinary march through all the public evidence includes: --How Trump worked for thirty years to expand his real estate empire into Russia even as he was rescued from bankruptcy by Putin's oligarchs and Kremlin agents. --How Russian intelligence gathered compromising material on him over multiple trips. --How Trump recruited Russian allies and business partners while running for president. --How he surrounded himself with advisers who engaged in clandestine negotiations with Russia. --How Trump aides and family members held secret meetings with foreign agents and lied about them. By pulling every last thread of this complicated story together, Abramson argues that--even in the absence of a Congressional investigation or a report from Special Counsel Mueller--the public record already indicates a quid pro quo between Trump and the Kremlin. The most extraordinary part of the case for collusion is that so much of it unfolded in plain sight.

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The Plot to Destroy Democracy: How Putin and His Spies Are Undermining America and Dismantling the West
The Plot to Destroy Democracy: How Putin and His Spies Are Undermining America and Dismantling the West
New York Times and USA Today bestselling author provides a provocative, comprehensive analysis of Vladimir Putin and Russia's master plan to destroy democracy in the age of Donald Trump, with a foreword by Rob Reiner."A convincing cry that treason is afoot." - Kirkus Reviews"[E]ven as this plot gets more intricate (and, yes, sometimes it does read like a political thriller), readers will be turning pages quickly, feeling both anxiety and betrayal. . . . [E]ven supporters of the president will have something to think about." - BooklistIn the greatest intelligence operation in the history of the world, Donald Trump was made President of the United States with the assistance of a foreign power. The Plot to Destroy Democracy reveals the dramatic story of how blackmail, espionage, assassination, and psychological warfare were used by Vladimir Putin and his spy agencies to steal the 2016 U.S. election-and attempted to bring about the fall of NATO, the European Union, and Western democracy. Career U.S. intelligence officer Malcolm Nance examines how Russia has used cyberwarfare, political propaganda, and manipulation of our perception of reality-and will do so again-to weaponize American news, traditional media, social media, and the workings of the internet to attack and break apart democratic institutions from within, and what we can expect to come should we fail to stop their next attack. Nance has utilized top secret Russian-sourced political and hybrid warfare strategy documents to demonstrate the master plan to undermine American institutions that has been in effect from the Cold War to the present day. He exposes how Russia has supported the campaigns of right-wing extremists throughout both the U.S. and Europe to leverage an axis of autocracy, and how Putin's agencies have worked since 2010 to bring fringe candidate Donald Trump into elections. Revelatory, insightful, and shocking, The Plot to Destroy Democracy puts a professional spy lens on Putin's plot and unravels it play-by-play. In the end, Nance provides a better understanding of why Putin's efforts are a serious threat to our national security and global alliances-in much more than one election-and a blistering indictment of Putin's puppet, President Donald J. Trump.

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Paul Manafort’s Plea Deal: Read the full text of Trump’s former campaign chair Paul Manafort’s plea deal
Paul Manafort’s Plea Deal: Read the full text of Trump’s former campaign chair Paul Manafort’s plea deal
President Donald Trump’s former campaign chair, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy against the US and one count of conspiracy to obstruct justice on Friday 14 Sept. 2018 and has agreed to cooperate with prosecutors. This is the actual text of that agreement from the court Records. This letter sets forth the full and complete plea offer to your client Paul J. Manafort, Jr. (hereinafter referred to as "your client" or "defendant") from the Special Counsel's Office (hereinafter also referred to as "the Government" or "this Office"). If your client accepts the terms and conditions of this offer, please have your client execute this document in the space provided below. Upon receipt of the executed document, this letter will become the Plea Agreement (hereinafter referred to as the " Agreement").

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RAISEVERN Teen Girls Christmas Cat in Space Sweatshirt Hipster Stylish Sweater Jumper Clothing, pizza cat 2, XL
RAISEVERN Teen Girls Christmas Cat in Space Sweatshirt Hipster Stylish Sweater Jumper Clothing, pizza cat 2, XL
RAISEVERN Unisex Funny Print Ugly Christmas Sweater Crewneck Various Design Style:Fashion,Casual Material:Polyester and spandex ,stylish and comfortable for daily life Choose larger sizes if your size are same as the flat measurement Size table. Color:As different computers' displayer,the color will have a little difference from the pictures. Any questions or problems to our products or service, please email us freely, we will reply and solve it for you within 24 hours.

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