Free the Animation VR / AR
Play to reveal 3D images and 3D models!
Demonstration A-Frame / Multiplayer
vlrPhone / vlrFilter
Project of very low consumption, radiation and bitrate softphones, with the support of the spatial audio, of the frequency shifts and of the ultrasonic communications / Multifunction Audio Filter with Remote Control!
Coordinates: 32°22′36″N 86°17′56″W / 32.37667°N 86.29889°W / 32.37667; -86.29889Alabama State SenateAlabama State LegislatureTypeTypeUpper house Term limitsNoneHistoryNew session startedJanuary 9, 2018LeadershipPresidentWill Ainsworth (R)
The Alabama State Senate is the upper house of the Alabama Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alabama. The body is composed of 35 members representing an equal number of districts across the state, with each district containing at least 127,140 citizens. Similar to the lower house, the Alabama House of Representatives, the Senate serves both without term limits and with a four-year term.
The Alabama State Senate meets at the State House in Montgomery.
Like other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the United States Senate, the Senate can confirm or reject gubernatorial appointments to the state cabinet, commissions and boards.Contents
While the House of Representatives has exclusive power to originate revenue bills, such legislation can be amended and/or substituted by the Senate. Moreover, because the Senate is considered to be the "deliberative body", rules concerning length of debate are more liberal than those of the House of Representatives.
Like the United States Senate, the Alabama Senate has sole power of Confirmation of certain appointees designated by the Constitution and by statute. The legislative antecedent of this role is a similar power that was vested in the Roman Senate during the Roman Republic.Membership guidelines
The Alabama Senate is composed of 35 state senators, in keeping with Article IV, Section 50, of the Alabama Constitution, which limits the Alabama House of Representatives to 105 members, and the Senate to 35; together with Article IX, Sections 197 and 198, which requires that membership in the state senate consist of not less than one-fourth, nor more than one-third, of the total membership of the state House of Representatives. Additional representation is authorized in the event of the creation of new counties. Thus, the Alabama Senate is precisely one-third the size of the House of Representatives, and each state senator represents a district of approximately 125,000 Alabamians.
Under Article IV, Section 47 of the Constitution, Senators must be at least 25 years of age at the time of their election, must be citizens and residents of the state of Alabama for at least 3 years, and reside within their district for at least one year prior to election.
Senators, like members of the House of Representatives, are elected for four-year terms, and take office at midnight of the day of their election. Amendment 97 to the Constitution, provides that should a vacancy occur in either house of the Legislature, the governor is required to call a special election to fill the vacancy.Composition 27 8 Republican Democratic Affiliation Party (Shading indicates majority caucus) Total Republican Democratic Vacant November 7, 2018 27 8 35 0 Latest voting share 77.1% 22.9% 100% 0% Senate Leadership Position Name Party President Will Ainsworth Republican President Pro Tempore Del Marsh Republican Majority leadership Position Name Party Senate Majority Leader Greg Reed Republican Rules Chairman Jabo Waggoner Republican Education Budget Chair Arthur Orr Republican Minority leadership Position Name Party Senate Minority Leader Bobby Singleton Democratic Deputy Minority Leader Billy Beasley Democratic Minority Caucus Chair Linda Coleman Democratic List of State Senators District Senator Political Party Hometown First elected Counties represented 1 Tim Melson Republican Florence 2014 Lauderdale, Limestone, Madison 2 Tom Butler Republican Madison 2018 Limestone, Madison 3 Arthur Orr Republican Decatur 2006 Limestone, Madison, Morgan 4 Garlan Gudger Republican Cullman 2018 Cullman, Lawrence, Marion, Winston 5 Greg Reed Republican Jasper 2010 Fayette, Jefferson, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Winston 6 Larry Stutts Republican Tuscumbia 2014 Colbert, Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Marion 7 Sam Givhan Republican Huntsville 2018 Madison 8 Steve Livingston Republican Gurley 2014 DeKalb, Jackson, Madison 9 Clay Scofield Republican Arab 2010 Blount, DeKalb, Madison, Marshall 10 Andrew Jones Republican Centre 2018 Cherokee, DeKalb, Etowah, St. Clair 11 Jim McClendon Republican Springville 2014 Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega 12 Del Marsh Republican Anniston 1998 Calhoun, Talladega 13 Randy Price Republican Opelika 2018 Chambers, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Lee, Randolph 14 Cam Ward Republican Alabaster 2010 Bibb, Chilton, Shelby 15 Dan Roberts Republican Birmingham 2018 Jefferson, Shelby, Talladega 16 J. T. Waggoner Republican Birmingham 1990 Jefferson, Shelby 17 Shay Shelnutt Republican Trussville 2014 Blount, Jefferson, St. Clair 18 Rodger Smitherman Democratic Birmingham 1994 Jefferson 19 Priscilla Dunn Democratic Bessemer 2009 Jefferson 20 Linda Coleman-Madison Democratic Birmingham 2006 Jefferson 21 Gerald Allen Republican Tuscaloosa 2010 Lamar, Pickens, Tuscaloosa 22 Greg Albritton Republican Range 2014 Baldwin, Clarke, Escambia, Monroe, Washington 23 Malika Sanders-Fortier Democratic Selma 2018 Butler, Conecuh, Dallas, Lowndes, Marengo, Monroe, Perry, Wilcox 24 Bobby Singleton Democratic Greensboro 2005 Choctaw, Greene, Hale, Marengo, Pickens, Sumter, Tuscaloosa 25 Will Barfoot Republican Montgomery 2018 Crenshaw, Elmore, Montgomery 26 David Burkette Democratic Montgomery 2018 Montgomery 27 Tom Whatley Republican Auburn 2010 Lee, Russell, Tallapoosa 28 Billy Beasley Democratic Clayton 2010 Barbour, Bullock, Henry, Houston, Macon, Russell 29 Donnie Chesteen Republican Geneva 2018 Dale, Geneva, Houston 30 Clyde Chambliss Republican Prattville 2014 Autauga, Chilton, Coosa, Elmore, Tallapoosa 31 Jimmy Holley Republican Elba 1998 Coffee, Covington, Dale, Pike 32 Chris Elliott Republican Spanish Fort 2018 Baldwin 33 Vivian Davis Figures Democratic Mobile 1997 Mobile 34 Jack W. Williams Republican Wilmer 2018 Mobile 35 David Sessions Republican Grand Bay 2018 Mobile Past composition of the Senate
Throughout most of the state's history, the Democratic Party controlled the Alabama State Senate from the time of admission to the Union in 1819 with a few brief exceptions. The Whig Party had a majority in the State Senate in 1837 and again from 1850-1851. Following the Civil War and the state's readmission to the Union, the chamber had a Republican majority during the Reconstruction period from 1868-1874. This was followed by 136 consecutive years of Democratic majorities. Beginning with the 2010 election Republicans captured a substantial majority in the chamber and have held it in the two elections since in 2014 and 2018.Main article: Elections in Alabama § Summary of elections Leadership of the Senate
The Lieutenant Governor of Alabama serves as the President of the Senate, but only casts a vote if required to break a tie. In his or her absence, the President Pro Tempore presides over the Senate. The President Pro Tempore is elected by the full Senate by nominations taken from the floor, followed by a recorded vote. The President Pro Tempore is the chief leadership position in the Senate. The other Senate Majority and Minority leaders are elected by their respective party caucuses.
The President of the Senate is the Lieutenant Governor, which is currently Will Ainsworth. The President Pro Tempore is Del Marsh. The Majority Leader is Republican Greg Reed and the Minority Leader is Democrat Quinton Ross.Committees
Current committees include:
The Senate Seal features an open book and torch, accompanied by the Latin phrase Libertas Per Lege, meaning "Liberty Through Law". The official Seal of the Senate was adopted by Senate Resolution, August 19, 1965, and was created by a special committee consisting of then Senators John Tyson (Mobile), Vaughan Hill Robison (Montgomery), Bill Nichols (Talladega), Lieutenant Governor Jim Allen and Secretary of the Senate McDowell Lee.See also