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Irene Cara
Irene Cara Escalera (born March 18, 1959), known professionally as Irene Cara, is an American singer, songwriter, dancer and actress. Cara sang and co-wrote

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Irene CaraBornIrene Cara Escalera
(1959-03-18) March 18, 1959 (age 60)
The Bronx, New York City, New York, U.S.EducationProfessional Children's SchoolOccupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • actress
Known forSparkle Williams – Sparkle[1]
Coco Hernandez – FameSpouse(s)Conrad Palmisano
(m. 1986; div. 1991)Musical careerGenres
  • R&B
  • pop
  • disco
  • Vocals
  • keyboards
Years active1968–present[2]Labels
  • Epic
  • Geffen
  • Elektra
Associated acts
  • The Electric Company/The Short Circus
  • Diddy
  • DJ BoBo

Irene Cara Escalera (born March 18, 1959),[3][4][5] known professionally as Irene Cara, is an American singer, songwriter, dancer and actress. Cara sang and co-wrote the song 'Flashdance... What a Feeling' (from the movie Flashdance), for which she won an Academy Award for Best Original Song [6] and a Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance[7] in 1984. Cara is also known for playing the role of Coco Hernandez in the 1980 film Fame, and for recording the film's title song 'Fame'. Prior to her success with Fame, Cara portrayed the title character Sparkle Williams in the original 1976 musical drama film Sparkle.

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Career
    • 2.1 Fame (1980) and international acclaim
    • 2.2 Post-Fame 1980-1999
    • 2.3 21st century
  • 3 Personal life
  • 4 Discography
    • 4.1 Studio albums
    • 4.2 Singles
    • 4.3 Soundtrack appearances
    • 4.4 Vocal appearances on other albums
  • 5 Stage acting
  • 6 Filmography
    • 6.1 Television
    • 6.2 Film
  • 7 Awards and nominations
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links
Early life This section of a biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately, especially if potentially libelous or harmful.
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Cara was born in The Bronx, New York City, the youngest of five children.[8] Her father, Gaspar Escalera, a factory worker and retired saxophonist, was Puerto Rican,[8] and her mother, Louise, a movie theater usher, was Cuban-American. Cara has two sisters and two brothers. At the age of three, Irene Cara was one of five finalists for the "Little Miss America" pageant. She began to play the piano by ear, then studied music, acting, and dance seriously, first having dance lessons, aged five.[8] Her performing career started on Spanish-language television, professionally singing and dancing. She made early TV appearances on the Original Amateur Hour (singing in Spanish)[9] and Johnny Carson's The Tonight Show. In 1971–72, aged 13, she was a regular on PBS's educational program The Electric Company, as a member of the show's band, The Short Circus.[8] As a child, Cara recorded a Latin-market Spanish-language record and an English Christmas album. She also appeared in a major concert tribute to Duke Ellington that also featured Stevie Wonder, Sammy Davis, Jr., and Roberta Flack.

Career .mw-parser-output .quotebox{background-color:#F9F9F9;border:1px solid #aaa;box-sizing:border-box;padding:10px;font-size:88%;max-width:100%}.mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatleft{margin:0.5em 1.4em 0.8em 0}.mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatright{margin:0.5em 0 0.8em 1.4em}.mw-parser-output .quotebox.centered{margin:0.5em auto 0.8em auto}.mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatleft p,.mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatright p{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .quotebox-title{background-color:#F9F9F9;text-align:center;font-size:larger;font-weight:bold}.mw-parser-output .quotebox-quote.quoted:before{font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:bold;font-size:large;color:gray;content:" “ ";vertical-align:-45%;line-height:0}.mw-parser-output .quotebox-quote.quoted:after{font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:bold;font-size:large;color:gray;content:" ” ";line-height:0}.mw-parser-output .quotebox .left-aligned{text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .quotebox .right-aligned{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output .quotebox .center-aligned{text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .quotebox cite{display:block;font-style:normal}@media screen and (max-width:360px){.mw-parser-output .quotebox{min-width:100%;margin:0 0 0.8em!important;float:none!important}} Boggs describes Cara as a "perfectionist" who works on a song until absolutely satisfied with it.[2]


Cara appeared in on-and off-Broadway theatrical shows including the musicals Ain't Misbehavin', The Me Nobody Knows (which won an Obie Award), Maggie Flynn opposite Shirley Jones and Jack Cassidy, and Via Galactica with Raúl Juliá. Cara was the original Daisy Allen on the 1970s daytime serial Love of Life. Next came her role as Angela in romance/thriller Aaron Loves Angela, followed by her portrayal of the title character in Sparkle. Television brought Cara international acclaim for serious dramatic roles in two outstanding mini-series, Roots: The Next Generations and Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones. John Willis' Screen World, Vol. 28, named her one of twelve "Promising New Actors of 1976"; that same year, a readers' poll in Right On! magazine named her Top Actress. Cara graduated from the Professional Children's School in Manhattan.

Fame (1980) and international acclaim

The 1980 hit movie Fame, directed by Alan Parker, catapulted Irene Cara to stardom. Cara was originally cast as a dancer, but when producers David Da Silva and Alan Marshall and screenwriter Christopher Gore heard her voice, they re-wrote the role of Coco Hernandez. As Coco Hernandez, she sang both the title song "Fame" and the film's other single, "Out Here on My Own." These songs helped make the film's soundtrack a chart-topping, multi-platinum album. Further history was made at the Academy Awards that year: it was the first time two songs from the same film were nominated in the same category and both sung by the same artist. Thus, Cara had the opportunity to be one of the few singers to perform more than one song at the Oscar ceremony; "Fame," written by Michael Gore and Dean Pitchford, won the award that year. Cara earned Grammy nominations in 1980 for Best New Artist and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, as well as a Golden Globe nomination for Best Motion Picture Actress in a Musical. Billboard named her Top New Single Artist, while Cashbox Magazine awarded her both Most Promising Female Vocalist and Top Female Vocalist. Asked by Fame TV series' producers to reprise her role as Coco Hernandez, she declined so as to focus her attention on her recording career. As a result, Erica Gimpel assumed the role.

Post-Fame 1980-1999

Cara was slated to star in her own sitcom, Irene, on NBC in 1981. Even though the pilot aired and received favorable reviews, the network did not pick it up for its fall season. It also starred veteran performers Kaye Ballard and Teddy Wilson, as well as newcomers Julia Duffy and Keenen Ivory Wayans. In 1983, Cara appeared as herself in the film D.C. Cab, which is a film about a group of cabbies. The movie stars Mr. T. One of the characters, Tyrone played by Charlie Barnett, is an obsessed Cara fan who decorated his Checker Cab as a shrine to her. Her contribution to the film's soundtrack, "The Dream (Hold on To Your Dream)" played over the closing credits of the film, and was a minor hit, peaking at No. 37 on the Billboard Hot 100 in February 1984.

In 1982, Cara earned the Image Award for Best Actress when she co-starred with Diahann Carroll and Rosalind Cash in the NBC Movie of the Week, Maya Angelou's Sister, Sister. Cara portrayed Myrlie Evers-Williams in the PBS TV movie about civil rights leader Medgar Evers, For Us the Living: The Medgar Evers Story; and earned an NAACP Image Award Best Actress nomination. She also appeared in 1982's Killing 'em Softly. In addition to her music and film work, Cara also continued to perform in live theater during this period. In the summer of 1980, she briefly played the role of Dorothy in The Wiz on tour, in a role that Stephanie Mills had first portrayed in the original Broadway production. Coincidentally, Cara and Mills had shared the stage together as children in the original 1968 Broadway musical Maggie Flynn, starring Shirley Jones and Jack Cassidy, in which both young girls played Civil War orphans.

In 1983, Cara reached the peak[citation needed] of her music career with the title song for the movie Flashdance: "Flashdance... What A Feeling", which she co-wrote with Giorgio Moroder and Keith Forsey. Cara penned the lyrics to the song with Keith Forsey while riding in a car in New York heading to the studio to record it; Moroder composed the music. Cara admitted later that she was initially reluctant to work with Giorgio Moroder because she had no wish to invite further comparisons with another artist who worked with Moroder, Donna Summer.[10] But the collaboration paid off and became a hit in several countries, garnering numerous accolades for Cara. She won the 1983 Academy Award for Best Song (Oscar), 1984 Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, 1984 Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song, and American Music Awards for Best R&B Female Artist and Best Pop Single of the Year. "Flashdance..." was re-recorded by Cara twice: in 1995 as a track in the original soundtrack for the movie "The Full Monty"; the second time in 2002, as a duet with Swiss artist DJ BoBo.

In 1984, she was in the comedic thriller City Heat, co-starring opposite Clint Eastwood and Burt Reynolds and singing the standards "Embraceable You" and "Get Happy." She also co-wrote the theme song "City Heat", which was sung by the jazz vocalist Joe Williams. In May of that year she scored her final Top 40 hit with "Breakdance" going to #8. The follow up, "You Were Made for Me" reached #78 that summer but then she never charted on the Hot 100 again. In 1985, Cara co-starred with Tatum O'Neal in Certain Fury, an exploitation underachiever about two troubled young women who flee a court hearing and are mistaken for killers. In 1986, Cara appeared in the film Busted Up. She also provided the voice of Snow White in the unofficial sequel to Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Filmation's Happily Ever After, in 1993. That same year, she appeared as Mary Magdalene in a tour of Jesus Christ Superstar opposite Ted Neeley, Carl Anderson and Dennis DeYoung.

Along with her career in acting and hit singles, Cara released several albums: Anyone Can See in 1982, What A Feelin' in 1983, and Carasmatic in 1987, the most successful of these being What A Feelin. In 1985, she collaborated with the Hispanic group Hermanos in the song "Cantaré, cantarás," in which she sang a solo segment with the Spanish opera singer Plácido Domingo.

Cara toured Europe and Asia throughout the 1990s, achieving several modest dance hits on European charts, but no US chart hits. She released a compilation of Eurodance singles in the mid to late 1990s entitled Precarious 90's.

Cara has also worked as a backup vocalist for Vicki Sue Robinson, Lou Reed, George Duke, Oleta Adams and Evelyn "Champagne" King.

21st century

In March 2004, Cara received two honors with an induction into the Ciboney Cafe's Hall of Fame and a Lifetime Achievement Award presented at the sixth annual Prestige Awards. In June 2005, Cara won the third round of the NBC television series Hit Me, Baby, One More Time, performing "Flashdance (What a Feeling)" and covered Anastacia's song "I'm Outta Love" with her current all-female band, Hot Caramel. At the 2006 AFL Grand Final in Melbourne, Cara performed "Flashdance (What a Feeling)" as an opener to the pre-match entertainment.

In 2006, Cara contributed a dance single, titled "Forever My Love", to the compilation album titled Gay Happening Vol. 12.

As of 2016[update], Cara divided her residence between New Port Richey, Florida and Santa Fe, New Mexico. She works with her band Hot Caramel, which she formed in 1999.[11] Their album called Irene Cara Presents Hot Caramel was released on April 4, 2011. Cara appeared in season 2 of CMT's reality show Gone Country,.

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Irene Cara among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire.[12]

Personal life

Cara married stuntman and film director Conrad Palmisano (who was 15 years her senior) in Los Angeles, California in April 1986[13] and they divorced in 1991.[14]

Discography Studio albums Year Album Peak chart positions Record label US
[15] US
[15] AUS
[16] CAN
[17] NLD
[18] 1982 Anyone Can See 76 39 — — 48 Network 1983 What a Feelin' 77 45 49 83 — Geffen/Network 1987 Carasmatic — — — — — Elektra 2011 Irene Cara Presents Hot Caramel — — — — — CPM "—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory. Singles Year Single Peak chart positions Certifications Album US
[15] US R&B
[15] US
[15] US
[15] AUS
[16] CAN
[17] IRE
[19] NLD
[18] NZ
[20] UK
[21] 1980 "Fame" 4 — 1 — 3 42 1 1 1 1
  • BPI: Gold[22]
  • MC: Gold[23]
Fame "Hot Lunch Jam" — — — — — — — — — "Out Here on My Own" 19 — — 20 41 — — — — 58 1982 "Anyone Can See" 42 — — — — — — — — — Anyone Can See "My Baby (He's Something Else)" — — — — — — — — — — 1983 "Flashdance... What a Feeling" 1 2 1 4 1 1 2 17 1 2
  • RIAA: Gold[24]
  • BPI: Silver[22]
  • MC: 2× Platinum[23]
Flashdance / What a Feelin' "Why Me?" 13 41 7 — 5 23 — — 24 86 What a Feelin' "The Dream (Hold on to Your Dream)" 37 65 26 — 84 — — — — — D.C. Cab / What a Feelin' 1984 "Breakdance" 8 23 13 — 19 10 — — 25 88 What a Feelin' "You Were Made for Me" 78 83 — 10 — — — — — — 1987 "Girlfriends" — — — — — — — — — — Carasmatic 2001 "What a Feeling" (with DJ BoBo) — — — — — — — — — — Planet Colors 2004 "Downtown" — — — — — — — — — — Downtown: A Street Tale "—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory. Soundtrack appearances Year Album Track(s) 1971 The Me Nobody Knows "Black" 1980 Fame "Fame", "Out Here on My Own", "Hot Lunch Jam", "I Sing the Body Electric" 1982 Killing 'em Softly "City Nights" 1983 Flashdance "Flashdance... What a Feeling" 1983 D.C. Cab "The Dream (Hold On To Your Dream)" 1984 Going Bananas "Going Bananas" (TV series theme song) 1984 City Heat "Embraceable You", "Get Happy" 1985 Certain Fury "Certain Fury" 1986 Busted Up "Busted Up", "Dying For Your Love", "I Can't Help Feeling Empty", "She Works Hard For Her Money" 1986 The Longshot "The Long Shot" 1989 All Dogs Go to Heaven "Love Survives" (with Freddie Jackson) 1990 Happily Ever After "Love is the Reason" 1990 Caged in Paradiso "Paradiso" 1990 China Cry "No One But You" 1992 The Magic Voyage "We'll Always Be Together" 1995 The Full Monty "Flashdance... What a Feeling" (re-recording) 2004 Downtown: A Street Tale "Downtown"

Vocal appearances on other albums
  • 1986: The Brecker Brothers – Détente (background)
  • 1987: Jimmy Maelen – Beats Workin'
  • 1992: Stanley Turrentine – Home Again
  • 2001: DJ BoBo – Planet Colors
  • 2002: DJ BoBo – Celebration
Stage acting
  • 1968: Maggie Flynn
  • 1970: The Me Nobody Knows
  • 1972: Via Galactica
  • 1978: Ain't Misbehavin' (replaced by Charlayne Woodard during previews)
  • 1979: Got Tu Go Disco
  • 1980: The Wiz
  • 1993: Jesus Christ Superstar
  • 1996: What a Feeling!: The Rock & Pop Musicals in Concert
Filmography Television Year Title Role Note 1970–71 Love of Life Daisy Allen Daytime drama 1971–72 The Electric Company Iris Band member of the Short Circus 1976 Kojak Amy Episode: "A Hair-Trigger Away" 1977 What's Happening!! Maria Episode: "Rerun Gets Married" 1979 Roots: The Next Generations Bertha Palmer Haley Miniseries (3 episodes) 1980 Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones Alice Jefferson Movie 1981 Irene Irene Cannon Movie 1983 For Us the Living: The Medgar Evers Story Myrlie Evers American Playhouse movie 1988 Bustin' Loose Herself Episode: "What's a Nice Girl Like You...?" 1991 Gabriel's Fire Celine Bird Episode: "Birds Gotta Fly" 1992 Hearts Are Wild Dorah Episode 1.8 Film Year Title Role Note 1975 Aaron Loves Angela Angela 1976 Sparkle Sparkle Williams 1976 Apple Pie Dancer 1980 Fame Coco Hernandez 1982 Killing 'em Softly Jane 1982 Sister, Sister Sissy Lovejoy 1983 D.C. Cab Herself 1984 City Heat Ginny Lee 1985 Certain Fury Tracy 1986 Busted Up Simone Bird 1990 Caged in Paradiso Eva 1990 Happily Ever After Snow White Voice role 1992 Beauty and the Beast Beauty Voice role 1992 The Magic Voyage Marilyn Voice role 1994 The Jungle King Leonette Voice role; direct-to-video 1995 Beyond Awareness to Action: Ending Abuse of Women Herself/host Documentary short 2004 Downtown: A Street Tale Neighbor Cameo Awards and nominations Year Association Category Nominated work Result 1980 Golden Globe Awards Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical Fame Nominated 1983 Best Original Song "Flashdance... What a Feeling" (shared with Giorgio Moroder and Keith Forsey) Won Academy Awards Best Original Song "Flashdance... What a Feeling" (shared with Giorgio Moroder and Keith Forsey) Won 1984 Grammy Awards Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or A Television Special Flashdance: Original Soundtrack
(shared with other songwriters) Won Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance "Flashdance... What a Feeling" Won See also
  • Puerto Rico portal
  • Biography portal
  • Film portal
  • Dance portal
  • Theatre portal
  • Book: Irene Cara
  • List of famous Puerto Ricans
  • List of number-one hits (United States)
  • List of artists who reached number one on the Hot 100 (U.S.)
  • List of number-one dance hits (United States)
  • List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. dance chart
  1. ^ "Irene Cara". www.nndb.com..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ a b "Irene Cara:A Show Biz Veteran at Age 22". XXXVI (9). July 1981: 88. ISSN 0012-9011.
  3. ^ Bob McCann, Encyclopedia of Hispanic American Actresses in Film and Television, McFarland & Company, 2010, ISBN 978-0-7864-3790-0, p. 67.
  4. ^ Stange, Ellen Silver (March 10, 2016). "New York State of Fame". Page Publishing Inc – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (2009). "Historical Gazetteer of the United States". Google Books. Routledge. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  6. ^ "The 56th Academy Awards - 1984".
  7. ^ "Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance – Grammys Best Female Pop Vocal Performance". www.awardsandshows.com.
  8. ^ a b c d Sheff, David (November 10, 1980). "After 16 Years in Showbiz, Irene Cara, 21, Gets Her Diploma in Movies with Fame". People. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  9. ^ Irene Cara singing "Ola Ola Ola" on Ted Mack's "Amateur Hour"
  10. ^ "NewsBank InfoWeb".
  11. ^ "Ready For An Encore". People. July 9, 2001. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
  12. ^ Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  13. ^ "Oscar-winning singer-actress Irene Cara married veteran stuntman Conrad Palmisano". UPI. April 14, 1986. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
  14. ^ McCann, Bob (December 8, 2009). Encyclopedia of African American Actresses in Film and Television. McFarland. p. 68. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
  15. ^ a b c d e f "US Charts > Irene Cara". Billboard. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  16. ^ a b David Kent (1993). Australian Charts Book 1970—1992. Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd, Turramurra, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  17. ^ a b "CAN Charts > Irene Cara". RPM. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  18. ^ a b "NLD Charts > Irene Cara". MegaCharts. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  19. ^ "IRE Charts Search > Irene Cara". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  20. ^ "NZ Charts > Irene Cara". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  21. ^ "UK Charts > Irene Cara". Official Charts Company. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  22. ^ a b "UK Certified Awards Search > Irene Carra". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  23. ^ a b "CAN Certifications > Irene Cara". Music Canada. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  24. ^ "US Certifications > Irene Cara". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
External links
  • Official website
  • Irene Cara on IMDb
  • Irene Cara at the Internet Broadway Database
  • Irene Cara at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
  • v
  • t
  • e
Irene CaraStudio albums
  • Anyone Can See (1982)
  • What a Feelin' (1983)
  • Carasmatic (1987)
  • "Fame" (1980)
  • "Out Here on My Own" (1980)
  • "Flashdance... What a Feeling" (1983)
  • "Why Me?" (1983)
  • "Breakdance" (1984)
  • "You Were Made for Me" (1984)
Book:Irene Cara Awards for Irene Cara
  • v
  • t
  • e
Academy Award for Best Original Song1934–1940
  • "The Continental"
    • Music: Con Conrad
    • Lyrics: Herb Magidson (1934)
  • "Lullaby of Broadway"
    • Music: Harry Warren
    • Lyrics: Al Dubin (1935)
  • "The Way You Look Tonight"
    • Music: Jerome Kern
    • Lyrics: Dorothy Fields (1936)
  • "Sweet Leilani"
    • Music and lyrics: Harry Owens (1937)
  • "Thanks for the Memory"
    • Music: Ralph Rainger
    • Lyrics: Leo Robin (1938)
  • "Over the Rainbow"
    • Music: Harold Arlen
    • Lyrics: E. Y. Harburg (1939)
  • "When You Wish Upon a Star"
    • Music: Leigh Harline
    • Lyrics: Ned Washington (1940)
  • "The Last Time I Saw Paris"
    • Music: Jerome Kern
    • Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II (1941)
  • "White Christmas"
    • Music and lyrics: Irving Berlin (1942)
  • "You'll Never Know"
    • Music: Harry Warren
    • Lyrics: Mack Gordon (1943)
  • "Swinging on a Star"
    • Music: Jimmy Van Heusen
    • Lyrics: Johnny Burke (1944)
  • "It Might as Well Be Spring"
    • Music: Richard Rodgers
    • Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II (1945)
  • "On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe"
    • Music: Harry Warren
    • Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1946)
  • "Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah"
    • Music: Allie Wrubel
    • Lyrics: Ray Gilbert (1947)
  • "Buttons and Bows"
    • Music: Jay Livingston
    • Lyrics: Ray Evans (1948)
  • "Baby, It's Cold Outside"
    • Music and lyrics: Frank Loesser (1949)
  • "Mona Lisa"
    • Music and lyrics: Ray Evans and Jay Livingston (1950)
  • "In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening"
    • Music: Hoagy Carmichael
    • Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1951)
  • "High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin')"
    • Music: Dimitri Tiomkin
    • Lyrics: Ned Washington (1952)
  • "Secret Love"
    • Music: Sammy Fain
    • Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1953)
  • "Three Coins in the Fountain"
    • Music: Jule Styne
    • Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1954)
  • "Love Is a Many Splendored Thing"
    • Music: Sammy Fain
    • Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1955)
  • "Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)"
    • Music and lyrics: Jay Livingston and Ray Evans (1956)
  • "All the Way"
    • Music: Jimmy Van Heusen
    • Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1957)
  • "Gigi"
    • Music: Frederick Loewe
    • Lyrics: Alan Jay Lerner (1958)
  • "High Hopes"
    • Music: Jimmy Van Heusen
    • Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1959)
  • "Never on Sunday"
    • Music and lyrics: Manos Hatzidakis (1960)
  • "Moon River"
    • Music: Henry Mancini
    • Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1961)
  • "Days of Wine and Roses"
    • Music: Henry Mancini
    • Lyrics: Johnny Mercer (1962)
  • "Call Me Irresponsible"
    • Music: Jimmy Van Heusen
    • Lyrics: Sammy Cahn (1963)
  • "Chim Chim Cher-ee"
    • Music and lyrics: Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman (1964)
  • "The Shadow of Your Smile"
    • Music: Johnny Mandel
    • Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1965)
  • "Born Free"
    • Music: John Barry
    • Lyrics: Don Black (1966)
  • "Talk to the Animals"
    • Music and lyrics: Leslie Bricusse (1967)
  • "The Windmills of Your Mind"
    • Music: Michel Legrand
    • Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1968)
  • "Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head"
    • Music: Burt Bacharach
    • Lyrics: Hal David (1969)
  • "For All We Know"
    • Music: Fred Karlin
    • Lyrics: Robb Royer and Jimmy Griffin (1970)
  • "Theme from Shaft"
    • Music and lyrics: Isaac Hayes (1971)
  • "The Morning After"
    • Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1972)
  • "The Way We Were"
    • Music: Marvin Hamlisch
    • Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1973)
  • "We May Never Love Like This Again"
    • Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1974)
  • "I'm Easy"
    • Music and lyrics: Keith Carradine (1975)
  • "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)"
    • Music: Barbra Streisand
    • Lyrics: Paul Williams (1976)
  • "You Light Up My Life"
    • Music and lyrics: Joseph Brooks (1977)
  • "Last Dance"
    • Music and lyrics: Paul Jabara (1978)
  • "It Goes Like It Goes"
    • Music: David Shire
    • Lyrics: Norman Gimbel (1979)
  • "Fame"
    • Music: Michael Gore
    • Lyrics: Dean Pitchford (1980)
  • "Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)"
    • Music and lyrics: Burt Bacharach, Carole Bayer Sager, Christopher Cross and Peter Allen (1981)
  • "Up Where We Belong"
    • Music: Jack Nitzsche and Buffy Sainte-Marie
    • Lyrics: Will Jennings (1982)
  • "Flashdance... What a Feeling"
    • Music: Giorgio Moroder
    • Lyrics: Keith Forsey and Irene Cara (1983)
  • "I Just Called to Say I Love You"
    • Music and lyrics: Stevie Wonder (1984)
  • "Say You, Say Me"
    • Music and lyrics: Lionel Richie (1985)
  • "Take My Breath Away"
    • Music: Giorgio Moroder
    • Lyrics: Tom Whitlock (1986)
  • "(I've Had) The Time of My Life"
    • Music: Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz
    • Lyrics: Franke Previte (1987)
  • "Let the River Run"
    • Music and lyrics: Carly Simon (1988)
  • "Under the Sea"
    • Music: Alan Menken
    • Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1989)
  • "Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man)"
    • Music and lyrics: Stephen Sondheim (1990)
  • "Beauty and the Beast"
    • Music: Alan Menken
    • Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1991)
  • "A Whole New World"
    • Music: Alan Menken
    • Lyrics: Tim Rice (1992)
  • "Streets of Philadelphia"
    • Music and lyrics: Bruce Springsteen (1993)
  • "Can You Feel the Love Tonight"
    • Music: Elton John
    • Lyrics: Tim Rice (1994)
  • "Colors of the Wind"
    • Music: Alan Menken
    • Lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1995)
  • "You Must Love Me"
    • Music: Andrew Lloyd Webber
    • Lyrics: Tim Rice (1996)
  • "My Heart Will Go On"
    • Music: James Horner
    • Lyrics: Will Jennings (1997)
  • "When You Believe"
    • Music and lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1998)
  • "You'll Be in My Heart"
    • Music and lyrics: Phil Collins (1999)
  • "Things Have Changed"
    • Music and lyrics: Bob Dylan (2000)
  • "If I Didn't Have You"
    • Music and lyrics: Randy Newman (2001)
  • "Lose Yourself"
    • Music: Eminem, Jeff Bass and Luis Resto
    • Lyrics: Eminem (2002)
  • "Into the West"
    • Music and lyrics: Fran Walsh, Howard Shore and Annie Lennox (2003)
  • "Al otro lado del río"
    • Music and lyrics: Jorge Drexler (2004)
  • "It's Hard out Here for a Pimp"
    • Music and lyrics: Juicy J, Frayser Boy and DJ Paul (2005)
  • "I Need to Wake Up"
    • Music and lyrics: Melissa Etheridge (2006)
  • "Falling Slowly"
    • Music and lyrics: Glen Hansard and Markéta Irglová (2007)
  • "Jai Ho"
    • Music: A. R. Rahman
    • Lyrics: Gulzar (2008)
  • "The Weary Kind"
    • Music and lyrics: Ryan Bingham and T Bone Burnett (2009)
  • "We Belong Together"
    • Music and lyrics: Randy Newman (2010)
  • "Man or Muppet"
    • Music and lyrics: Bret McKenzie (2011)
  • "Skyfall"
    • Music and lyrics: Adele Adkins and Paul Epworth (2012)
  • "Let It Go"
    • Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez (2013)
  • "Glory"
    • Music and lyrics: John Stephens and Lonnie Lynn (2014)
  • "Writing's on the Wall"
    • Music and lyrics: James Napier and Sam Smith (2015)
  • "City of Stars"
    • Music: Justin Hurwitz
    • Lyrics: Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016)
  • "Remember Me"
    • Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez (2017)
  • "Shallow"
    • Music and lyrics: Lady Gaga, Mark Ronson, Anthony Rossomando and Andrew Wyatt (2018)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song1960s
  • "Town Without Pity" Lyrics by Ned Washington, Music by Dimitri Tiomkin (1961)
  • "Circus World" Lyrics by Ned Washington, Music by Dimitri Tiomkin (1964)
  • "Forget Domani" Lyrics by Norman Newell, Music by Riz Ortolani (1965)
  • "Strangers in the Night" Lyrics by Charles Singleton & Eddie Snyder, Music by Bert Kaempfert (1966)
  • "If Ever I Would Leave You" Lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner, Music by Frederick Loewe (1967)
  • "The Windmills of Your Mind" Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Music by Michel Legrand (1968)
  • "Jean" Music & Lyrics by Rod McKuen (1969)
  • "Whistling Away the Dark" Lyrics by Johnny Mercer, Music by Henry Mancini (1970)
  • "Life Is What You Make It" Lyrics by Johnny Mercer, Music by Marvin Hamlisch (1971)
  • "Ben" Lyrics by Don Black, Music by Walter Scharf (1972)
  • "The Way We Were" Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Music by Marvin Hamlisch (1973)
  • "I Feel Love" Lyrics by Betty Box, Music by Euel Box (1974)
  • "I'm Easy" Music & Lyrics by Keith Carradine (1975)
  • "Evergreen" Lyrics by Paul Williams, Music by Barbra Streisand (1976)
  • "You Light Up My Life" Music & Lyrics by Joseph Brooks (1977)
  • "Last Dance" Music & Lyrics by Paul Jabara (1978)
  • "The Rose" Music & Lyrics by Amanda McBroom (1979)
  • "Fame" Lyrics by Dean Pitchford, Music by Michael Gore (1980)
  • "Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)" Music & Lyrics by Peter Allen, Burt Bacharach, Christopher Cross, & Carole Bayer Sager (1981)
  • "Up Where We Belong" Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings, Music by Jack Nitzsche & Buffy Sainte-Marie (1982)
  • "Flashdance... What a Feeling" Lyrics by Irene Cara & Keith Forsey, Music by Giorgio Moroder (1983)
  • "I Just Called to Say I Love You" Music & Lyrics by Stevie Wonder (1984)
  • "Say You, Say Me" Music & Lyrics by Lionel Richie (1985)
  • "Take My Breath Away" Lyrics by Tom Whitlock, Music by Giorgio Moroder (1986)
  • "(I've Had) The Time of My Life" Lyrics by Franke Previte, Music by John DeNicola & Donald Markowitz (1987)
  • "Let the River Run" Music & Lyrics by Carly Simon/"Two Hearts" Lyrics by Phil Collins, Music by Lamont Dozier (1988)
  • "Under the Sea" Lyrics by Howard Ashman, Music by Alan Menken (1989)
  • "Blaze of Glory" Music & Lyrics by Jon Bon Jovi (1990)
  • "Beauty and the Beast" Lyrics by Howard Ashman, Music by Alan Menken (1991)
  • "A Whole New World" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Alan Menken (1992)
  • "Streets of Philadelphia" Music & Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (1993)
  • "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Elton John (1994)
  • "Colors of the Wind" Lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, Music by Alan Menken (1995)
  • "You Must Love Me" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber (1996)
  • "My Heart Will Go On" Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings, Music by James Horner (1997)
  • "The Prayer" Music & Lyrics by David Foster, Tony Renis, Carole Bayer Sager & Alberto Testa (1998)
  • "You'll Be in My Heart" Music & Lyrics by Phil Collins (1999)
  • "Things Have Changed" Music & Lyrics by Bob Dylan (2000)
  • "Until..." Music & Lyrics by Sting (2001)
  • "The Hands That Built America" Music & Lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge & Larry Mullen Jr. (2002)
  • "Into the West" Music & Lyrics by Annie Lennox, Howard Shore & Frances Walsh (2003)
  • "Old Habits Die Hard" Music & Lyrics by Mick Jagger & David A. Stewart (2004)
  • "A Love That Will Never Grow Old" Lyrics by Bernie Taupin, Music by Gustavo Santaolalla (2005)
  • "The Song of the Heart" Music & Lyrics by Prince Rogers Nelson (2006)
  • "Guaranteed" Music & Lyrics by Eddie Vedder (2007)
  • "The Wrestler" Music & Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (2008)
  • "The Weary Kind" Music & Lyrics by Ryan Bingham & T Bone Burnett (2009)
  • "You Haven't Seen the Last of Me" Music & Lyrics by Diane Warren (2010)
  • "Masterpiece" Music & Lyrics by Madonna, Julie Frost & Jimmy Harry (2011)
  • "Skyfall" Music & Lyrics by Adele Adkins & Paul Epworth (2012)
  • "Ordinary Love" Music & Lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr. & Danger Mouse (2013)
  • "Glory" Music & Lyrics by Common & John Legend (2014)
  • "Writing's on the Wall" Music & Lyrics by Sam Smith & Jimmy Napes (2015)
  • "City of Stars" Lyrics by Benj Pasek & Justin Paul, Music by Justin Hurwitz (2016)
  • "This Is Me" Music & Lyrics by Benj Pasek & Justin Paul (2017)
  • "Shallow" Music & Lyrics by Lady Gaga, Mark Ronson, Anthony Rossomando & Andrew Wyatt (2018)
  • Complete List
  • (1960s)
  • (1970s)
  • (1980s)
  • (1990s)
  • (2000s)
  • (2010s)
  • v
  • t
  • e
NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture
  • Estelle Evans (1969)
  • Barbara McNair (1970)
  • Jane Fonda (1971)
  • Diana Ross (1972)
  • No Award (1973)
  • Ester Anderson (1974)
  • Diahann Carroll (1975)
  • Denise Nicholas (1976)
  • Cicely Tyson (1977)
  • Cicely Tyson (1978)
  • Mavis Washington (1979)
  • Irene Cara (1980)
  • No Award (1981)
  • Jayne Kennedy (1982)
  • Jennifer Beals (1983)
  • Alfre Woodard (1984)
  • Tina Turner (1985)
  • Whoopi Goldberg (1986)
  • Traci Wolfe (1987)
  • Whoopi Goldberg (1988)
  • Ruby Dee (1989)
  • No Award (1990)
  • No Award (1991)
  • Whoopi Goldberg (1992)
  • Whoopi Goldberg (1993)
  • Angela Bassett (1994)
  • No Award (1995)
  • Angela Bassett (1996)
  • Whitney Houston (1997)
  • Vanessa Williams (1998)
  • Angela Bassett (1999)
  • Nia Long (2000)
  • Sanaa Lathan (2001)
  • Halle Berry (2002)
  • Angela Bassett (2003)
  • Queen Latifah (2004)
  • Kerry Washington (2005)
  • Kimberly Elise (2006)
  • Keke Palmer (2007)
  • Jurnee Smollett (2008)
  • Rosario Dawson (2009)
  • Gabourey Sidibe (2010)
  • Halle Berry (2011)
  • Viola Davis (2012)
  • Viola Davis (2013)
  • Angela Bassett (2014)
  • Taraji P. Henson (2015)
  • Sanaa Lathan (2016)
  • Taraji P. Henson (2017)
  • Octavia Spencer (2018)
  • Amandla Stenberg (2019)
Authority control
  • BNE: XX1616049
  • BNF: cb138921446 (data)
  • GND: 134343301
  • ISNI: 0000 0000 7102 2478
  • LCCN: n85138280
  • MusicBrainz: 26358fa2-80c2-47b0-a08b-33817caca7e8
  • NKC: xx0102763
  • SNAC: w6g48djq
  • SUDOC: 077442393
  • VIAF: 34642740
  • WorldCat Identities (via VIAF): 34642740

La escalera de Jacob / Jacob's Ladder: La historia del genoma humano / The history of the human genome (Paidos Transiciones) (Spanish Edition)
La escalera de Jacob / Jacob's Ladder: La historia del genoma humano / The history of the human genome (Paidos Transiciones) (Spanish Edition)
La escalera de Jacob nos ofrece una explicación lúcida y sencilla de lo que realmente nos revela la secuenciación del genoma humano. El biólogo evolutivo Henry Gee muestra que conocer la secuenciación es sólo el comienzo de una gran aventura, como ver las letras y las palabras en el acto de leer. La próxima frontera es comprender fragmentos de las conversaciones entre los genes: cómo interactúan para dirigir el crecimiento de un organismo. El autor nos lleva al núcleo de esa conversación, aclarando cómo los genes gobiernan la milagrosa transformación de una única célula madre en un ser humano y cómo continúan dirigiendo el desarrollo diario de esa persona durante el resto de su vida. Gee nos cuenta la historia de lo que sabemos sobre el genoma y lo que es probable que descubramos en un futuro más o menos próximo. A medida que avancen nuestros conocimientos, seremos capaces de dirigir con creciente autoridad las conversaciones entre los genes, no sólo realizando intervenciones médicas, sino creando guiones enteros sobre el nacimiento, la descendencia y la diversidad en un nuevo mundo feliz.

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