James Comey
James Comey
James Comey
Custom Search
James Comey
Go Back


Free the Animation VR / AR
Play to reveal 3D images and 3D models!
Android app on Google Play
vlrPhone / vlrFilter
Project of very low consumption, radiation and bitrate softphones, with the support of the spatial audio, of the frequency shifts and of the ultrasonic communications / Multifunction Audio Filter with Remote Control!


Vectors and 3D Models

City Images, Travel Images, Safe Images

Howto - How To - Illustrated Answers


James Comey
James Brien Comey Jr. (born December 14, 1960) is an American lawyer who served as the seventh Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from

View Wikipedia Article

"Comey" redirects here. For other people with the surname, see Comey (surname). James Comey 7th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation In office
September 4, 2013 – May 9, 2017 President Barack Obama
Donald Trump Deputy Sean Joyce
Mark Giuliano
Andrew McCabe Preceded by Robert Mueller Succeeded by Andrew McCabe (Acting) 31st United States Deputy Attorney General In office
December 9, 2003 – August 15, 2005 President George W. Bush Preceded by Larry Thompson Succeeded by Robert McCallum Jr. (Acting) United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York In office
January 7, 2002 – December 15, 2003 President George W. Bush Preceded by Mary Jo White Succeeded by David N. Kelley Personal details Born James Brien Comey Jr.
(1960-12-14) December 14, 1960 (age 56)
Yonkers, New York, U.S. Political party Independent (2016–present) Other political
affiliations Republican (before 2016) Spouse(s) Patrice Failor Children 5 Education College of William and Mary (BA)
University of Chicago (JD) Signature

James Brien Comey Jr. (born December 14, 1960) is an American lawyer who served as the seventh Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from September 4, 2013 until May 9, 2017. Comey has been a registered Republican for most of his life, but is now independent.

Comey was the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York from January 2002 to December 2003, and subsequently the United States Deputy Attorney General from December 2003 to August 2005 in the administration of President George W. Bush. Comey appointed Patrick Fitzgerald to be the Special Counsel to head the grand jury investigation into the Plame affair after Attorney General John Ashcroft recused himself.

In August 2005, Comey left the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and became general counsel and senior vice president of Lockheed Martin, based in Bethesda, Maryland. In 2010, he became general counsel at Bridgewater Associates, based in Westport, Connecticut. In early 2013, he left Bridgewater to become a Senior Research Scholar and Hertog Fellow on National Security Law at Columbia Law School. He served on the board of directors of HSBC Holdings until July 2013.

In September 2013, Comey was appointed Director of the FBI by President Barack Obama. In that capacity, he was responsible for overseeing the FBI's investigation of the Hillary Clinton email controversy. His role in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, particularly with regard to his public communications, was highly controversial. His decisions have been regarded by a number of analysts, including Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight, to have likely cost Clinton the election.

Comey was dismissed by President Donald Trump on May 9, 2017. A statement released by the White House said that removing Comey will help bring the Russia investigation to a conclusion. Later that day, Trump stated that he was thinking of "this Russia thing with Trump and Russia" when he decided to dismiss Comey. In a private conversation with the Russian government, Trump stated that he "faced great pressure on the Russian investigation. That's taken off". Trump stated that he fired Comey to "ease" the Russian investigation against him—calling him a "nut job". According to a personal memo allegedly written by Comey, Trump asked him to personally end the investigation into General Michael Flynn.

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Early career (1985–1993)
  • 3 Clinton years (1996–2001)
    • 3.1 Assistant U.S. Attorney
  • 4 Bush years (2002–2005)
    • 4.1 U.S. Attorney
    • 4.2 Deputy Attorney General
      • 4.2.1 NSA domestic wiretapping
      • 4.2.2 Enhanced interrogation techniques
  • 5 Private sector (2005–2013)
    • 5.1 Testimony before congressional committees
    • 5.2 Supreme Court considerations
  • 6 FBI Director
    • 6.1 Police and African Americans
    • 6.2 Comments on Poland and the Holocaust
    • 6.3 OPM hack
    • 6.4 Hillary Clinton email investigation
      • 6.4.1 Letters to Congress
    • 6.5 Russian election interference investigation
    • 6.6 Dismissal
  • 7 Government surveillance oversight
  • 8 Party affiliation
  • 9 Personal life
  • 10 References
  • 11 Further reading
  • 12 External links

Early life

Comey was born in Yonkers, New York, where his parents, Joan (Herald) and J. Brien Comey, lived. His grandfather, William J. Comey, was an officer and later commissioner of the Yonkers Police Department. The family moved to Allendale, New Jersey, in the early 1970s. His father worked in corporate real estate and his mother was a computer consultant and homemaker. Comey is of Irish heritage. He attended Northern Highlands Regional High School in Allendale. Comey graduated from the College of William and Mary in 1982, majoring in chemistry and religion. His senior thesis analyzed the liberal theologian Reinhold Niebuhr and the conservative televangelist Jerry Falwell, emphasizing their common belief in public action. He received his Juris Doctor (J.D.) from the University of Chicago Law School in 1985.

Early career (1985–1993)

After law school, Comey served as a law clerk for then-United States District Judge John M. Walker Jr. in Manhattan. Then, he was an associate for Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher in their New York office. He joined the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York, where he worked from 1987 to 1993. While there, he served as Deputy Chief of the Criminal Division and helped prosecute the Gambino crime family.

Clinton years (1996–2001) Assistant U.S. Attorney

From 1996 to 2001, Comey served as Managing Assistant U.S. Attorney in charge of the Richmond Division of the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia. In 1996, Comey acted as deputy special counsel to the Senate Whitewater Committee. He also served as the lead prosecutor in the case concerning the 1996 Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia. While in Richmond, Comey served as an Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Richmond School of Law.

Bush years (2002–2005) U.S. Attorney

He was the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, from January 2002 to the time of his confirmation as Deputy Attorney General on December 11, 2003. Among his first tasks was to take over the investigation into President Bill Clinton's controversial pardon of Marc Rich. In November 2002, he led the prosecution of three men involved in one of the largest identity fraud cases in American history. The fraud had lasted two years and resulted in thousands of people across the country collectively losing well over $3 million. He also led the indictment of Adelphia Communications founder John Rigas for bank fraud, wire fraud, and securities fraud. Rigas was convicted of the charges in 2004 and in 2005, was sentenced to 15 years in federal prison. Adelphia Corporation was forced to file for bankruptcy after it acknowledged that it took $3.3 billion in false loans. It was "one of the most elaborate and extensive corporate frauds in United States history".

In February 2003, Comey led the prosecution of Martha Stewart, who was indicted on the charges of securities fraud, obstruction of justice, and lying to an FBI agent. She sold 3,928 shares of ImClone Systems, making $227,824. The next day, the Food and Drug Administration refused to accept the company's application for Erbitux. In March 2003, he led the indictment of ImClone CEO Samuel Waksal, who pleaded guilty to avoiding paying $1.2 million in sales taxes on $15 million worth of contemporary paintings. The works were by Mark Rothko, Richard Serra, Roy Lichtenstein, and Willem de Kooning. In April 2003, he led the indictment of Frank Quattrone, who allegedly urged subordinates in 2000 to destroy evidence sought by investigators looking into his investment banking practices at Credit Suisse First Boston. In November 2003, he led the prosecutions in "Operation Wooden Nickel", which resulted in complaints and indictments against 47 people involved in foreign exchange trading scams.

Deputy Attorney General NSA domestic wiretapping

In early January 2006, The New York Times, as part of its investigation into domestic surveillance by the National Security Agency, reported that Comey, who was Acting Attorney General during the March 2004 hospitalization of John Ashcroft, refused to certify the legality of central aspects of the NSA program. The certification was required under White House procedures in order for the program to continue.

After Comey's refusal, the newspaper reported, Andrew H. Card Jr., White House Chief of Staff, and Alberto R. Gonzales, then White House counsel and future Attorney General, made a visit to the George Washington University Hospital, to attempt to win approval directly from Ashcroft for the program. According to the 2007 memoir of Jack Goldsmith, who had been head of the Office of Legal Counsel at the time, Comey went to the hospital to give Ashcroft support in withstanding pressure from the White House.

Comey confirmed these events took place (but declined to confirm the specific program) in testimony to the Senate Judiciary Committee on May 16, 2007. FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III, like Comey, also supported Ashcroft's decision; both men were prepared to resign if the White House ignored the Department of Justice's legal conclusions on the wiretapping issue. FBI director Mueller's notes on the March 10, 2004, incident, which were released to a House Judiciary committee, confirms that he "Saw AG, John Ashcroft in the room. AG is feeble, barely articulate, clearly stressed." Comey withdrew his threat to resign after meeting directly with President Bush, who gave his support to making changes in the surveillance program.

Enhanced interrogation techniques

In 2005, as Deputy Attorney General, Comey endorsed a memorandum approving the use of 13 enhanced interrogation techniques, including waterboarding and sleep deprivation for up to 180 hours, for use by the CIA when interrogating suspects. Comey objected to a second memorandum, drafted by Daniel Levin and signed by Steven G. Bradbury, that these techniques could be used in combination. Comey was one of the few members of the Bush administration who had tried to prevent or limit the use of torture.

Comey later stated during his 2013 confirmation hearing that even though his personal opinion was that waterboarding is torture, the United Nations Convention against Torture was "very vague" and difficult to interpret as banning the practice. Even though he considered the practice to be legal at the time, he strongly disagreed with the techniques and opposed implementing them on policy grounds, objections that were ultimately overruled by the National Security Council.

Private sector (2005–2013)

In the fall of 2005, Comey announced that he was leaving the Department of Justice. In August 2005, it was announced that Comey would enter the private sector, becoming the General Counsel and Senior Vice President for Lockheed Martin, the U.S. Department of Defense's largest contractor. Comey's tenure took effect on October 1, 2005, serving in that capacity until June 2, 2010, when he announced he would leave Lockheed Martin to join the senior management committee at Bridgewater Associates, a Connecticut-based investment management firm. On February 1, 2013, after leaving Bridgewater, he was appointed by Columbia University Law School as a Senior Research Scholar and Hertog Fellow on National Security Law. He was also appointed to the board of directors of the London-based financial institution HSBC Holdings, to improve the company's compliance program after its $1.9 billion settlement with the Justice Department for failing to comply with basic due diligence requirements for money laundering regarding Mexican drug cartels and terrorism financing. Since 2012, he has also served on the Defense Legal Policy Board.

Testimony before congressional committees Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy
  • Main issues
  • Timeline
  • Summary of attorneys
  • Documents
  • Congressional hearings
  • List of Dismissed Attorneys
  • Complete list of related articles

In May 2007, Comey testified before the Senate Committee on the Judiciary and the House Judiciary subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law on the U.S. Attorney dismissal scandal.. His testimony contradicted that of former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales, who had said the firings had been due to poor performance on the part of some of the dismissed prosecutors. Comey stressed that the Justice Department had to be perceived as nonpartisan and nonpolitical to function.

The Department of Justice, in my view, is run by political appointees of the President. The U.S. attorneys are political appointees of the President. But once they take those jobs and run this institution, it's very important in my view for that institution to be another in American life, that—because my people had to stand up before juries of all stripes, talk to sheriffs of all stripes, judges of all stripes. They had to be seen as the good guys, and not as either this administration or that administration.

Supreme Court considerations

Politico reported in May 2009 that White House officials pushed for Comey's inclusion on the short list of names to replace Associate Justice David Souter on the U.S. Supreme Court. Politico later reported liberal activists were upset about the possibility of Comey's name being included. John Brittain of the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law stated, " came in with the Bushies. What makes you think he'd be just an inch or two more to the center than Roberts? I'd be greatly disappointed."

In 2013, Comey was a signatory to an amicus curiae brief submitted to the Supreme Court in support of same-sex marriage during the Hollingsworth v. Perry case.

FBI Director Comey (left), alongside President Obama (center) and outgoing FBI Director Robert Mueller (right) at Comey's nomination to become FBI Director, June 21, 2013 Comey at the Oval Office following the San Bernardino shooting, December 3, 2015 Obama receives an update from Comey and Homeland Security Advisor Lisa Monaco on the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, June 12, 2016

In May 2013, it was reported, and in June 2013 it was made official, that President Barack Obama would nominate Comey to be the next Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, replacing outgoing director Robert Mueller. Comey was reportedly chosen over finalist Lisa Monaco, who had overseen national security issues at the Justice Department during the attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, on September 11, 2012.

Comey was confirmed by the Senate on July 29, 2013, for a full ten-year term running the Federal Bureau of Investigation. He was sworn in as FBI director on September 4, 2013. President Donald Trump fired him on May 9, 2017.

Police and African Americans Comey at annual FBI and Birmingham Civil Rights Institute conference, May 25, 2016

In February 2015, Comey delivered a speech at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., regarding the relationship between police and the African American community. He said that, "At many points in American history, law enforcement enforced the status quo – a status quo that was often brutally unfair to disfavored groups", mentioning as an example his own Irish ancestors, who he said had often been regarded as drunks and criminals by law enforcement in the early 20th century. He added: "The Irish had some tough times, but little compares to the experience on our soil of black Americans", going on to highlight current societal issues such as lack of opportunities for employment and education which can lead young black men to crime. Comey stated:

Police officers on patrol in our nation's cities often work in environments where a hugely disproportionate percentage of street crime is committed by young men of color. Something happens to people of good will working in that environment. After years of police work, officers often can't help be influenced by the cynicism they feel. A mental shortcut becomes almost irresistible.

In October 2015, Comey gave a speech raising concerns that body worn video results in less effective policing, contradicting the President's public position. Days later, President Obama met with Comey in the Oval Office to address the issue. In an October 23 speech at the University of Chicago Law School, Comey said:

I remember being asked why we were doing so much prosecuting in black neighborhoods and locking up so many black men. After all, Richmond was surrounded by areas with largely white populations. Surely there were drug dealers in the suburbs. My answer was simple: We are there in those neighborhoods because that's where people are dying. These are the guys we lock up because they are the predators choking off the life of a community. We did this work because we believed that all lives matter, especially the most vulnerable.

Comments on Poland and the Holocaust

In April 2015, Comey spoke at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, arguing in favor of more Holocaust education. After The Washington Post printed a version of his speech, Anne Applebaum wrote that his reference to "the murderers and accomplices of Germany, and Poland, and Hungary" was inaccurately saying that Poles were as responsible for the Holocaust as Germans. His speech was also criticized by Polish authorities, and Stephen D. Mull, United States Ambassador to Poland, was called to the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Applebaum wrote that Comey, "in a speech that was reprinted in The Post arguing for more Holocaust education, demonstrated just how badly he needs it himself".

Ambassador Mull issued an apology for Comey's remarks. When asked about his remarks, Comey said, "I regret linking Germany and Poland ... The Polish state bears no responsibility for the horrors imposed by the Nazis. I wish I had not used any other country names because my point was a universal one about human nature."

OPM hack

In June 2015, the United States Office of Personnel Management (OPM) announced that it had been the target of a data breach targeting the records of as many as four million people. Later, Comey put the number at 18 million. The Washington Post has reported that the attack originated in China, citing unnamed government officials. Comey said: "It is a very big deal from a national security perspective and from a counterintelligence perspective. It’s a treasure trove of information about everybody who has worked for, tried to work for, or works for the United States government."

Hillary Clinton email investigation Main article: Hillary Clinton email controversy

On July 10, 2015, the FBI opened a criminal investigation into Hillary Clinton. In April 2015, Comey had objected when former General David Petraeus was allowed to plead guilty to only a misdemeanor of mishandling classified information.

Attorney General Loretta Lynch instructed Comey to refer to the FBI's activities as a "matter" rather than an investigation, which concerned Comey. Comey was further concerned when the FBI intercepted on Russian networks a stolen internal Democratic Party memo anticipating Lynch would protect Clinton from prosecution, leading Comey to fear the Russians might leak the memo. On June 29, Lynch and Bill Clinton met aboard her plane on the tarmac of the Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, leading to calls for her recusal. Lynch then announced that she would "fully" accept the recommendation of the FBI regarding the probe. On July 2, FBI agents interviewed Mrs. Clinton at FBI headquarters.

On July 5, 2016, Comey announced the FBI's recommendation that the United States Department of Justice file no criminal charges relating to the Hillary Clinton email controversy. During a 15-minute press conference in the J. Edgar Hoover Building, Comey called Secretary Clinton's and her top aides' behavior "extremely careless", but concluded that "no reasonable prosecutor would bring such a case". It was believed to be the first time the FBI disclosed its prosecutorial recommendation to the Department of Justice publicly. On July 7, 2016, Comey was questioned by a Republican-led House committee during a hearing regarding the FBI's recommendation.

On May 2, 2017, President Donald Trump tweeted: "FBI Director Comey was the best thing that ever happened to Hillary Clinton in that he gave her a free pass for many bad deeds!"

Letters to Congress

In light of a Congressional hearing, Comey proceeded down a path of transparency that turned out to have far-reaching ramifications for the presidential election which was underway.

In late October, Rudy Giuliani, a Donald Trump surrogate and advisor, told Martha MacCallum of Fox News that "a surprise or two that you're going to hear about in the next two days" was coming from the Trump campaign. Giuliani later said that he did not have insider FBI information. Later confirmed by a second law enforcement source, an unnamed government source told Fox News that the email metadata on the computer in question contained "positive hits for state.gov and HRC emails"; however, at the time Comey sent his letter to Congress, the FBI had still not obtained a warrant to review any of the e-mails in question and was not aware of the content of any of the e-mails in question.

Late on October 26, Comey learned that FBI agents investigating sexting between Anthony Weiner and a 15-year-old girl had discovered emails on Weiner's computer between his wife, Huma Abedin, and Clinton. Fearful of the damage years of congressional investigation into the FBI would do once Clinton was elected president, and believing it would take months to review Weiner's emails, Comey decided to inform Congress. Comey first informed Deputy Attorney General Sally Yates, who urged him to delay until reviewing all the emails. On October 28, Comey sent a letter to members of Congress advising them that the FBI was reviewing more emails, which Congressmen leaked to the public within minutes.

Trump immediately praised Comey, telling a campaign rally "I have great respect for the fact that the FBI and the DOJ are now willing to have the courage to right the horrible mistake they made", prompting the crowd to chant "lock her up". Comey's announcement was inconsistent with Justice Department policy and he was warned by lawyers at the Department of Justice against proceeding with his letter to Congress. According to FBI officials, Comey was aware of the policy, but considered it "guidance", rather than an ironclad rule. Both Republican and Democratic lawmakers, as well as both the Clinton and Trump campaigns called on Comey to provide additional details. The fear that information about the newly discovered e-mails would be leaked to the press influenced, in part, Comey's decision to inform Congress about the relevance of the new emails to the Clinton investigation, and he said that not doing so "would be misleading to the American people" despite not knowing the emails' contents and despite the risk of being misunderstood.

The Clinton campaign quickly released a letter signed by dozens of former Justice Department officials and federal prosecutors that criticized Comey. Circuit Judge Laurence Silberman, former Attorney General Eric Holder, and former Deputy Attorneys General Jamie Gorelick and Larry Thompson, published op-eds criticizing Comey, while former Attorneys General Michael Mukasey and Alberto Gonzales criticized Comey on cable television. Richard Painter, a chief White House ethics lawyer for the George W. Bush administration, published an op-ed announcing that he had filed a complaint against the FBI with the United States Office of Special Counsel, which investigates possible violations of the Hatch Act, and with the United States Office of Government Ethics, in connection with the letter sent to Congress.

Lynch then provided the investigators the resources they needed to complete their review before Election Day. On November 6, 2016, Comey wrote in a second letter to Congress that, "Based on our review, we have not changed our conclusions that we expressed in July". He thanked the FBI investigators who worked "around the clock" on the emails. Comey, for the first time in a national election, did not vote.

Senator Al Franken of the Senate Judiciary Committee held a press conference to demand congressional hearings into Comey's actions. Comey was broadly criticized for his actions, on editorial pages from both the right and the left, as well as in an open letter signed by a bipartisan group of 99 former senior Justice Department officials and federal prosecutors, including former Attorney General Eric Holder. According to the Clinton campaign, the letters effectively stopped the campaign's momentum by hurting Clinton's chances with voters who were receptive to Trump's claims of a "rigged system". Statistician Nate Silver said that Comey had a "large, measurable impact on the race" and that Clinton's marked drop in the polls after Comey's first letter was consistent with a burst of negative news coverage as opposed to a gradual decline. On the eve of the election, Silver announced that Clinton had made back modest gains and announced a 70 percent chance of Clinton winning the election on FiveThirtyEight.com. Voters who made up their minds in the final week of the race broke strongly against Clinton, which Silver said was enough to cost her Michigan, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania (and thus the election). Others, such as Democratic strategist David Axelrod, said that Comey's public actions were just one of several cumulative factors that cost Clinton the election, including not campaigning in Wisconsin and Michigan and not allocating enough campaign resources in those states.

On January 12, 2017, the United States Department of Justice Office of the Inspector General announced a formal investigation into whether the FBI followed proper procedures in its investigation of Clinton or whether "improper considerations" were made by FBI personnel.

On May 2, 2017, Clinton told CNN's Christiane Amanpour: "I was on the way to winning until a combination of Jim Comey's letter on October 28 and Russian WikiLeaks raised doubts in the minds of people who were inclined to vote for me and got scared off."

On May 3, 2017, Comey testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing that "It makes me mildly nauseous to think that we might have had some impact on the election", but that "honestly, it wouldn't change the decision."

Russian election interference investigation See also: Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections

The same day as Comey's July press conference, the FBI acquired the Donald Trump-Russia dossier by Christopher Steele. The FBI opened an investigation into the Trump campaign in late July. Comey asked President Obama permission to write an op-ed warning the public that the Russians were interfering in the election, which the President refused. CIA Director John O. Brennan then gave an unusual private briefing to Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid on the Russians, which Reid then publicly referred to. Comey, however, refused to confirm the Trump Campaign was under investigation, even in classified Congressional briefings. In early October, meetings were held in the White House Situation Room where National Security Advisor Susan Rice argued that they should release the information, while Comey now argued disclosure was no longer needed.

In January 2017, Comey first met Trump when he briefed the President-elect on the Steele dossier. On January 27, 2017, Trump and Comey had dinner alone together at the White House. According to Trump, Comey requested the dinner so as to ask to keep his job and, when asked, told Trump that he was not under investigation. Trump has stated that he did not ask Comey to pledge his loyalty. However, according to Comey's associates, Trump requested the dinner, asked Comey to pledge his loyalty, twice, to which Comey replied, twice, that he would always be honest, until Trump asked him if he would promise "honest loyalty", which Comey did.

On February 14, the day after President Trump fired Michael T. Flynn, Comey met with the President during a terrorism threat briefing in the Oval Office. At the end of the meeting Trump asked the other security chiefs to leave, then told Comey to consider imprisoning reporters over leaks and that "I hope you can see your way clear to letting this go, to letting Flynn go". Comey, as is usual, immediately documented the meeting in a memo and shared it with FBI officials.

On March 4, 2017, Comey asked the Justice Department for permission, which was not given, to publicly refute Trump's claim that his phones had been wiretapped by then-President Obama.

On March 20, 2017, in testimony before the House Intelligence Committee, Comey confirmed that the FBI has been investigating possible coordination between the Trump campaign and Russia, and whether any crimes were committed. During the hearing, the White House Twitter account posted "The NSA and FBI tell Congress that Russia did not influence the electoral process", which Comey, when then read the tweet by Congressman Jim Himes, directly refuted. Comey also refuted the President's Trump Tower wiretapping allegations, testifying "I have no information that supports those tweets, and we have looked carefully inside the FBI".

Representative Chris Stewart asked Comey in the hearing: “Mr. Clapper then went on to say that to his knowledge there was no evidence of collusion between members of the Trump campaign and the Russians. We did not conclude any evidence in our report and when I say "our report," that is the NSA, FBI, and CIA with my office, the director of national intelligence said anything – any reflection of collusion between the members of Trump campaign and the Russians, there was no evidence of that in our report. Was Mr. Clapper wrong when he said that?" Comey responded: “I think he's right about characterizing the report which you all have read.” Press Secretary Sean Spicer and a White House tweet then highlighted this testimony as proof that Clapper was "right" there was no evidence of collusion, causing Clapper to release a statement clarifying he had been referring to the evidence as gathered in January and that more investigation is needed.

On May 3, 2017, in testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee, Comey said that Russia is the "greatest threat of any nation on Earth ... One of the biggest lessons learned is that Russia will do this again. Because of 2016 election, they know it worked." He also said that Russia should pay a price for interfering.

In early May, a few days before he was fired, Comey asked the Justice Department for a significant increase in funding and personnel for the Russia probe. On May 11, 2017 Acting FBI Director Andrew McCabe said to the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence that he was unaware of the request and stated, "I believe we have the adequate resources to do it and I know that we have resourced that investigation adequately."

Wikimedia Commons has media related to James B. Comey testimony videos. Wikinews has related news: Former U.S. FBI Director James Comey testifies about President Trump

Comey had been scheduled to testify before the Senate Intelligence Committee on May 11, but after he was dismissed on May 9, committee chair Senator Richard Burr said that Acting FBI Director Andrew McCabe would appear instead. Comey spoke before the Committee on June 8. His prepared opening statements were pre-released by the Intelligence Committee on their website one day before the official hearings.

Dismissal Main article: Dismissal of James Comey Play media Acting FBI Director Andrew McCabe on Comey: "Director Comey enjoyed broad support within the FBI." Trump's letter firing Comey

President Trump formally dismissed Comey on May 9, 2017, less than 4 years into his 10-year term as Director of the FBI. The White House initially stated the firing was on the recommendation of United States Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein. Rosenstein had sent a memorandum to Sessions, forwarded to Trump, in which Rosenstein listed objections to Comey's conduct in the investigation into Hillary Clinton's emails. This allowed the Trump administration to attribute Comey's firing to Rosenstein's recommendation about the Clinton email controversy. It was later revealed that on May 8, Trump had requested Sessions and Rosenstein to detail in writing a case against Comey. Rosenstein's memo was forwarded to Trump on May 9 and was then construed as a recommendation to dismiss Comey, which Trump immediately did. In Trump's termination letter to Comey, he attributed the firing to the two letters from Sessions and Rosenstein. On May 10, Trump told reporters he had fired Comey because Comey "wasn't doing a good job".

By May 11, however, in a direct contradiction of the earlier statements by the White House, Vice President Mike Pence, and the contents of the dismissal letter itself, President Trump stated to Lester Holt in an NBC News interview that Comey's dismissal was in fact "my decision" and "I was going to fire regardless of recommendation ." Trump then admitted that the true reason for the dismissal was that "when I decided to just do it , I said to myself, I said 'You know, this Russia thing with Trump and Russia is a made-up story.'" Also in that same televised interview, Trump labelled Comey "a showboat" and "grandstander". On May 12, Trump tweeted "James Comey better hope that there are no 'tapes' of our conversations before he starts leaking to the press!", which the media, political and legal analysts, as well as opposition politicians, interpreted as a threat to Comey.

On June 22, faced with a subpoena for the tapes that Trump alluded to, Trump issued a tweet stating "I have no idea whether there are ‘tapes’ or recordings of my conversations with James Comey, but I did not make, and do not have, any such recordings." Hours later, when asked to clarify the non-denial denial wording of Trump's tweet regarding the tapes, Principal Deputy White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders stated that Trump's tweet was "extremely clear" and that she did "not have anything to add". Questions raised for clarification on Trump's tweet centred principally around whether Trump ever had knowledge of said tapes having ever existed and whether he is simply no longer privy to the knowledge of whether said tapes still exist; whether Trump currently has or ever had knowledge of a person or persons other than Trump having made said tapes or recordings, and; whether Trump currently has or ever had knowledge of a person or persons other than Trump currently having or previously having had in their possession said tapes or recordings. U.S. Representative for California, Democrat Adam Schiff, stated that Trump's tweet “raises as many questions as it answers," and that in any event, the tweet did not comply with the 23 June deadline, and that Schiff would move forward with subpoenas for the tapes, adding that “egardless of whether the President intends his tweets to be an official reply to the House Intelligence Committee, the White House must respond in writing to our committee as to whether any tapes or recordings exist."

On May 19, the New York Times published excerpts of an official White House document summarizing Trump's meeting in the Oval Office with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and Russian Ambassador to the US Sergey Kislyak, the day after firing Comey, where Trump appeases the top Russian foreign operatives with his firing of Comey, admitting "I just fired the head of the FBI... I faced great pressure because of Russia. That's taken off ." In that same meeting, Trump labeled Comey "crazy" and "a real nut job".

According to reports, Trump had been openly talking to aides about finding a reason to fire Comey for at least a week before both the dismissal and the requested memoranda from Sessions and Rosenstein the day prior to the dismissal. Trump was angry and frustrated when, in the week prior to his dismissal, Comey revealed in Senate testimony the breadth of the counterintelligence investigation into Russia's effort to sway the 2016 U.S. presidential election. He felt Comey was giving too much attention to the Russia probe and not enough to internal leaks to the press from within the government. Shortly before Comey was fired, Comey had requested additional money and resources to further expand the probe into Russian interference into the Presidential election. Trump had long questioned Comey's loyalty to Trump personally, and Comey's judgment to act in accordance to a loyalty to Trump. Moreover, Trump was angry that Comey would not support his claim that President Barack Obama had his campaign offices wiretapped.

Comey's termination was immediately controversial. It was compared to the Saturday Night massacre, President Richard Nixon's termination of special prosecutor Archibald Cox, who had been investigating the Watergate scandal, and to the firing of Acting Attorney General Sally Yates in January 2017. Many members of Congress expressed concern over the firing and argued that it would put the integrity of the investigation into jeopardy. Critics accused Trump of obstruction of justice.

In the dismissal letter, Trump alleged that Comey had told Trump "on three separate occasions that I am not under investigation." Fact checkers reported that while they have no way of knowing what Comey may have told Trump privately, no such assertion is on the public record of Comey directly stating that Trump is not personally under investigation. In Congressional testimony, Comey confirmed that on three occasions, he volunteered to Trump that the latter was not personally under FBI investigation.

Comey first learned of his termination from television news reports that flashed on screen while he was delivering a speech to agents at the Los Angeles Field Office. Sources said he was surprised and caught off guard by the termination. Comey immediately departed for Washington, D.C., and was forced to cancel his scheduled speech that night at an FBI recruitment event.

On May 10, Comey sent a letter to FBI staff in which he said, "I have long believed that a President can fire an FBI director for any reason, or for no reason at all. I'm not going to spend time on the decision or the way it was executed. I hope you won't either. It is done, and I will be fine, although I will miss you and the mission deeply."

According to Comey associates interviewed by news organizations, Trump had asked Comey in January to pledge loyalty to him, to which Comey demurred, instead offering him "honesty". Comey has indicated he is willing to testify about his dismissal in an open hearing. He declined an invitation from the Senate Intelligence Committee to testify before a closed-door session.

In the absence of a Senate-confirmed FBI director, Deputy Director Andrew McCabe automatically became Acting Director. On May 11, McCabe testified before the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence that "Director Comey enjoyed broad support within the FBI and still does" and that "the vast majority of FBI employees enjoyed a deep and positive connection to Director Comey". This contradicted White House spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders, who said she had heard from "countless" FBI agents in support of the firing.

Government surveillance oversight See also: Mass surveillance in the United States

In his July 2013 FBI confirmation hearing, Comey said that the oversight mechanisms of the U.S. government have sufficient privacy protections. In a November 2014 New York Times Magazine article, Yale historian Beverly Gage reported that Comey keeps on his desk a copy of the FBI request to wiretap Martin Luther King Jr. "as a reminder of the bureau's capacity to do wrong". After Comey's letter to Congress in October 2016, CNN and the Irish Times pointed out the similarities between Comey and J. Edgar Hoover in "influencing" elections.

He and his agency were criticized for their request to Apple Inc. to install a "back door" for U.S. surveillance agencies to use. Former NSA and CIA director Michael Hayden stated: "Jim would like a back door available to American law enforcement in all devices globally. And, frankly, I think on balance that actually harms American safety and security, even though it might make Jim's job a bit easier in some specific circumstances."

Comey, speaking at a cybersecurity conference in 2017, told the audience, "There is no such thing as absolute privacy in America; there is no place outside of judicial reach."

Party affiliation

Although Comey was a registered Republican for most of his life, he disclosed during Congressional testimony on July 7, 2016, that he was no longer registered with any party. Comey donated to Senator John McCain's campaign in the 2008 presidential election and to Governor Mitt Romney's campaign in the 2012 presidential election.

Personal life

Comey and his wife, Patrice Failor, are the parents of five children. They have also been foster parents. He is of Irish descent and was raised in a Roman Catholic household. Comey subsequently joined the United Methodist Church, and has taught Sunday school.

  1. ^ a b Comey, James (July 7, 2016). Hillary Clinton Email Investigation. C-SPAN. Event occurs at 01:35:57. Retrieved July 7, 2016. I have been registered Republican for most of my adult life. Not registered any longer. 
  2. ^ Gerstein, Josh. "Trump fires FBI Director James Comey". Archived from the original on May 9, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ Krieg, Gregory. "Who is James Comey: 7 things to know about the fired FBI director". CNN. Retrieved 8 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "James B. Comey, September 4, 2013 – May 9, 2017". FBI.gov. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Former US Deputy Attorney General joins HSBC Board". HSBC Holdings plc. January 30, 2013. Archived from the original on April 7, 2013. Retrieved August 26, 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "Himes Congratulates Westport's James Comey as New FBI Director". Congressman Jim Himes website. July 31, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Matt Apuzzo; Michael S. Schmidt; Adam Goldman; Eric Lichtblau (April 23, 2017). "Comey Tried to Shield the F.B.I. From Politics. Then He Shaped an Election.". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  8. ^ Silver, Nate (May 3, 2017). "The Comey Letter Probably Cost Clinton The Election". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved May 3, 2017. 
  9. ^ "4 pieces of evidence showing FBI Director James Comey cost Clinton the election". 
  10. ^ McLean, Bethany. "The True Story of the Comey Letter Debacle". 
  11. ^ a b Karl, Jonathan; Keneally, Meghan; Fishel, Justin (May 9, 2017). "FBI Director Comey fired amid Russia probe". ABC News. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c Matthew Rosenberg; Matt Apuzzo (May 11, 2017). "F.B.I. FIRING ROILS CAPITAL AS TRUMP CALLS OUT CRITICS – In Last Days as Chief, Comey Sought Aid in Russia Inquiry". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  13. ^ Wang, Christine. "Comey reportedly asked for more resources for Russia probe; DOJ calls reports 'totally false'". CNBC. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  14. ^ Producer, Kevin Liptak, CNN White House. "White House: Removing Comey will help bring Russia investigation to end". CNN. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  15. ^ Barrett, Devlin; Rucker, Philip. "Trump said he was thinking of Russia controversy when he decided to fire Comey". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  16. ^ a b Haberman, Matt Apuzzo, Maggie; Rosenberg, Matthew (May 19, 2017). "Trump Told Russians That Firing 'Nut Job' Comey Eased Pressure From Investigation" – via NYTimes.com. 
  17. ^ Haberman, Matt Apuzzo, Maggie; Rosenberg, Matthew (May 19, 2017). "Trump Told Russians That Firing 'Nut Job' Comey Eased Pressure From Investigation". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 19, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Comey's father: Trump was 'scared to death' of FBI director". CNN. May 20, 2017. 
  19. ^ Bultman, Matt (June 4, 2013). "Reported FBI Nominee Comey Is Grandson of Former YPD Commissioner". Yonkers Daily Voice. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  20. ^ Boburg, Shawn (May 30, 2013). "FBI nominee Comey was held captive as a Bergen teen". North Jersey (The Record). Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  21. ^ "James Comey Fast Facts". CNN. Retrieved May 9, 2017. 
  22. ^ Alexandra Wolfe (June 16, 2003). "Meet Martha's Prosecutor". The New York Observer. Retrieved July 11, 2015. James Comey grew up in a middle-class family in Yonkers and Bergen County, N.J. His father worked in corporate real estate; his mother was a homemaker and computer consultant. He attended the College of William & Mary and got his law degree at the University of Chicago. 
  23. ^ Michael S. Schmidt (February 12, 2015). "F.B.I. Director Speaks Out on Race and Police Bias". The New York Times. Retrieved July 11, 2015. 
  24. ^ Weiser, Benjamin. "Man in the News; Reputation for Tenacity; James Brien Comey", The New York Times, December 2, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2011. "EDUCATION: Northern Highlands Regional High School, Allendale, N.J.; B.S., College of William and Mary; J.D., University of Chicago Law School."
  25. ^ "Mr. Comey Goes To Washington", New York magazine, October 2003. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
  26. ^ a b c Deputy Attorney General James B. Comey The White House. (no date). Retrieved May 18, 2007.
  27. ^ "James Comey at FBI, a man who can say no". The Washington Post. May 30, 2013. 
  28. ^ a b McLean, Bethany (March 2017). "The True Story of the Comey Letter Debacle". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  29. ^ a b Calabresi, Massimo. "Inside the FBI Investigation of Hillary Clinton's E-Mail". Time. 
  30. ^ "a-worthy-new-york-prosecutor", Op-Ed, The New York Times, December 1, 2001.
  31. ^ a b wired.com, Archived December 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. 2002/11.
  32. ^ Cassidy, John (September 23, 2002). "The Greed Cycle". The New Yorker. p. 64. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  33. ^ Stern, Christopher (September 24, 2002). "Members of Rigas Family Indicted". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  34. ^ Searcey, Dionne; Yuan, Li (June 21, 2005). "Adelphia's John Rigas Gets 15 Years". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  35. ^ Lieberman, David (September 23, 2002). "Former Adelphia execs indicted". USA Today. 
  36. ^ "martha", CNNMoney.com, 2003/02/06.
  37. ^ "waksal", USA Today, March 3, 2003.
  38. ^ "quattrone", CNN, 2003/04/23.
  39. ^ "forex_031119", Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 2003/11/19.
  40. ^ a b Perez, Evan (July 7, 2013). "Nominee for FBI Top Post Likely to Face Tough Questions". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 12, 2017. (Subscription required (help)). Mr. Comey, during his tenure as deputy attorney general, endorsed a legal memo that authorized the use of waterboarding, which induces the sensation of drowning, on detainees held by the CIA. 
  41. ^ a b LIchtblau, Eric; Risen, James (January 1, 2006). "Justice Deputy Resisted Parts of Spy Program". The New York Times. Retrieved June 6, 2010. 
  42. ^ a b Schmidt, Michael S. (July 9, 2013). "F.B.I. Nominee Explains How View Has Changed on Interrogation Tactic". The New York Times. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 
  43. ^ Comey Senate Judiciary Committee Transcript, May 16, 2007. Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
  44. ^ Isikoff, Michael; Evan Thomas (June 4, 2007). "Bush's Monica Problem: Gonzales, the president's lawyer and Texas buddy, is twisting slowly in the wind, facing a vote of no confidence from the Senate". Newsweek. Archived from the original on June 1, 2007. Retrieved May 29, 2007. 
  45. ^ (Editorial) (May 16, 2006). "Mr. Comey's Tale: A standoff at a hospital bedside speaks volumes about Attorney General Gonzales.". The Washington Post. pp. A14. Retrieved May 25, 2007. 
  46. ^ Eggen, Dan; Amy Goldstein (May 18, 2007). "No-Confidence Vote Sought on Gonzales". The Washington Post. pp. A03. Retrieved May 25, 2007. 
  47. ^ Congressional Quarterly (May 15, 2007). "Senate Hearing on U.S. Attorney Firings – Transcript: Senate Judiciary Hearing (Transcript, Part 1 of 5)". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 25, 2007. 
  48. ^ Lichtblau, Eric (January 2, 2006). "Bush Defends Spy Program and Denies Misleading Public". The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2007. 
  49. ^ Eggen, Dan (August 17, 2007). "FBI Director's Notes Contradict Gonzales's Version of Ashcroft Visit". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  50. ^ Eggen, Dan; Kane, Paul (May 16, 2007). "Gonzales Hospital Episode Detailed". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  51. ^ a b c Shane, Scott; David Johnston (June 7, 2009). "Lawyers Agreed on the Legality of Brutal Tactic". The New York Times. Retrieved June 7, 2009. 
  52. ^ a b Serrano, Richard A. (July 9, 2013). "FBI nominee Comey signed memo allowing waterboarding". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 
  53. ^ Resnick, Brian (May 30, 2013). "James Comey, Obama's Pick to Lead the FBI, Stood Up Against the Bush Legal Opinion on 'Enhanced Interrogations'". National Journal. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 
  54. ^ Shane, Scott; Johnston, David; Risen, James (October 4, 2007). "Secret U.S. Endorsement of Severe Interrogations". The New York Times. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  55. ^ Markon, Jerry; Horwitz, Sari (May 30, 2013). "Civil liberties groups criticize Comey, but colleagues praise him". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 
  56. ^ Yager, Jordy (July 10, 2013). "Comey: Waterboarding is torture, illegal". The Hill. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 
  57. ^ Charles, Deborah (July 9, 2013). "Nominee for FBI director says waterboarding is torture". Reuters. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 
  58. ^ Serrano, Richard A. (July 9, 2013). "Senators question FBI nominee Comey over enhanced interrogation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 12, 2017. 
  59. ^ a b "An Investigation into the Removal of Nine U.S. Attorneys in 2006" (PDF). justice.gov. September 2008. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  60. ^ Carrie Johnson, Griff Witte (August 8, 2005). "Lockheed Puts Faith in Tough Lawyer". The Washington Post. 
  61. ^ "Lockheed Martin Names James B. Comey General Counsel; Succeeds Frank H. Menaker, Who Will Retire". lockheedmartin.com. August 4, 2005. Archived from the original on July 4, 2013. 
  62. ^ David Johnston (June 2, 2010). "Comey Leaving Lockheed for Hedge Fund". mainjustice.com. 
  63. ^ Columbia University School of Law (January 30, 2013). "Print Former Deputy Attorney General Joins Columbia Law School as Hertog Fellow in National Security Law James B. Comey Has Served as U.S. Attorney in the Southern District of New York and as General Counsel of Bridgewater Associates and the Lockheed Martin Corporation.". law.columbia.edu. 
  64. ^ Howard Mustoe (January 30, 2013). "HSBC Hires Tax, Anti-Terror Chiefs for Controls Panel". Bloomberg L.P. 
  65. ^ Aruna Viswanatha, Brett Wolf (December 11, 2012). "HSBC to pay $1.9 billion U.S. fine in money-laundering case". Reuters. 
  66. ^ "HSBC money laundering report: Key findings HSBC operates in more than 80 countries around the world Failure after failure at HSBC led to the London-based bank being used as a conduit for "drug kingpins and rogue nations", a 300-page report compiled for a US Senate committee and has found.". BBC. December 11, 2012. 
  67. ^ Lesley Clark; McClatchy News Service (June 20, 2013). "President Obama to name Jim Comey as FBI director". mcclatchydc.com. 
  68. ^ a b James B. Comey. Testimony Transcript. Hearing of the Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law. House Committee on the Judiciary. May 3, 2007. Retrieved May 18, 2007.
    (Congressional Quarterly transcripts, via the Washington Post.)
  69. ^ "James Comey pushed for Supreme Court", Politico.com, May 2009. Retrieved May 17, 2009
  70. ^ "Some on left souring on Obama", Politico.com, May 2009. Retrieved May 17, 2009.
  71. ^ "The Pro-Freedom Republicans Are Coming: 131 Sign Gay-Marriage Brief". thedailybeast.com. February 28, 2013. 
  72. ^ "AP sources say ex-Bush official James Comey to be Obama's nominee to head FBI". The Washington Post. Associated Press. May 29, 2013. 
  73. ^ Steve Holland (May 29, 2013). "Obama expected to pick James Comey as next FBI chief: source". Reuters. 
  74. ^ Pickler, Nedra, "Obama's FBI pick: James Comey, challenged wiretapping by Bush White House", AP via San Jose Mercury News, June 21, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  75. ^ "Obama-to-pick-james-b-comey-to-lead-fbi", The New York Times, May 30, 2013.
  76. ^ "AP Sources: Obama Preparing To Name Comey To FBI", AP via NPR, May 29, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  77. ^ "Now voting on confirmation of Comey nomination (FBI)". Democrats.senate.gov. July 29, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  78. ^ "FBI – James B. Comey Sworn in as FBI Director". Fbi.gov. September 4, 2013. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  79. ^ a b c Simio, Molly (February 13, 2015). "In Rare Move, FBI Head Addresses Race Relations". The Hoya. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  80. ^ Comey, James B. (February 12, 2015). "Hard Truths: Law Enforcement and Race". Washington, D.C. 
  81. ^ Asher-Schapiro, Avi (October 27, 2015). "The FBI Director Says Cops Are 'Under Siege' From Viral Videos". Vice News. Retrieved September 2, 2016. 
  82. ^ Schmidt, Michael S.; Lichtblau, Eric (July 6, 2016). "James Come's Rebuke of Hillary Clinton Fits a 3-Decade Pattern". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  83. ^ "Law Enforcement and the Communities We Serve: Bending the Lines Toward Safety and Justice". Fbi.gov. October 23, 2015. 
  84. ^ Comey, James B. (April 16, 2015). "Why I require FBI agents to visit the Holocaust Museum". The Washington Post. 
  85. ^ "Poland fury at Holocaust comment by FBI's James Comey". News Website (April 19, 2015). BBC News. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  86. ^ "Poland summons U.S. ambassador over FBI head's Holocaust remarks". Reuters. April 19, 2015. 
  87. ^ Anne Applebaum (April 19, 2015). "FBI director got it wrong on the Holocaust". The Washington Post. 
  88. ^ "US Ambassador sorry as Poles wait for apology from FBI's James Comey". Daily Mail. April 21, 2015. 
  89. ^ "FBI chief tells Poland's U.S. envoy he regrets Holocaust remarks". Reuters Editorial. Reuters. April 23, 2015. 
  90. ^ Barrett, Devlin (June 5, 2015). "U.S. Suspects Hackers in China Breached About four (4) Million People's Records, Officials Say". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 5, 2015. 
  91. ^ "U.S. gov't hack may be four (4) times larger than first reported". 
  92. ^ Sanders, Sam (June 4, 2015). "Massive Data Breach Puts 4 Million Federal Employees' Records at Risk". NPR. 
  93. ^ Hacks of OPM databases compromised 22.1 million people, federal authorities say". The Washington Post. July 9, 2015.
  94. ^ a b c Landler, Mark; Lichtblau, Eric (July 6, 2016). "STERN REBUKE, BUT NO CHARGES FOR CLINTON: F.B.I. Calls Email Use 'Extremely Careless'". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  95. ^ Johnson, Kevin (July 7, 2016). "Comey faces grilling by House panel over Clinton emails". Retrieved July 7, 2016. 
  96. ^ Wilber, Del Quentin Wilber (July 7, 2016). "Comey says FBI did not 'give a hoot about politics' in Clinton email probe". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 7, 2016. 
  97. ^ a b "Hillary Clinton says she would have won the election if it was held in October; writing campaign book is 'painful'". Daily News|location=New York. May 3, 2017.
  98. ^ Ayer, Donald B. (October 30, 2016). "Comey's mistaken quest for transparency". The Washington Post.  and Miller, Ken (November 2, 2016). "The Downside of Transparency". Time. Retrieved November 13, 2016. 
  99. ^ Giuliani decries polls, teases 'big' campaign surprises. Fox News Channel. October 27, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2016 – via YouTube. 
  100. ^ Zapotosky, Matt (November 4, 2016). "Rudy Giuliani is claiming to have insider FBI knowledge. Does he really?". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 13, 2016. 
  101. ^ Herridge, Catherine (October 30, 2016). "Laptop in FBI's Weiner sexting case had 'state.gov,' Clinton-related emails, source says". Fox News Channel. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
  102. ^ Isikoff, Michael (October 29, 2016). "Exclusive: FBI still does not have warrant to review new Abedin emails linked to Clinton probe". Yahoo. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  103. ^ a b Goldman, Adam; Rappeport, Alan (October 29, 2016). "Emails in Anthony Weiner Inquiry Jolt Hillary Clinton's Campaign". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  104. ^ Horwitz, Sari (October 29, 2016). "Justice officials warned FBI that Comey's decision to update Congress was not consistent with department policy". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  105. ^ Hosenball, Mark (November 3, 2016). "FBI fear of leaks drove decision on emails linked to Clinton: sources". Reuters. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  106. ^ Horwitz, Sari (October 28, 2016). "Read the letter Comey sent to FBI employees explaining his controversial decision on the Clinton email investigation". The Washington Post. Of course, we don't ordinarily tell Congress about ongoing investigations, but here I feel an obligation to do so given that I testified repeatedly in recent months that our investigation was completed. I also think it would be misleading to the American people were we not to supplement the record. At the same time, however, given that we don't know the significance of this newly discovered collection of emails, I don't want to create a misleading impression. In trying to strike that balance, in a brief letter and in the middle of an election season, there is significant risk of being misunderstood, but I wanted you to hear directly from me about it. 
  107. ^ "Open Letter from Former Federal Prosecutors and High-Ranking Officials of The U.S. Department of Justice". hillaryclinton.com. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  108. ^ Silberman, Laurence H. (February 24, 2017). "A 'Notorious' 2016 for Ginsburg and Comey". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  109. ^ Holder, Eric (October 30, 2016). "Eric Holder: James Comey is a good man, but he made a serious mistake". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  110. ^ Gorelick, Jamie; Thompson, Larry (October 29, 2016). "James Comey is damaging our democracy". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  111. ^ Wisner, Matthew (July 6, 2016). "Former A.G. Michael Mukasey: Comey Stepped Way Outside His Job". Fox Business. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  112. ^ Griffiths, Brent (October 31, 2016). "Former Bush attorney general: Comey made 'error in judgment'". POLITICO. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  113. ^ Painter, Richard W. (October 31, 2016). "On Clinton Emails, Did the F.B.I. Director Abuse His Power?". The New York Times. p. A21. 
  114. ^ Matt Apuzzo; Michael S. Schmidt; Adam Goldman (November 7, 2016). "F.B.I. SAYS REVIEW CLEARS CLINTON IN EMAIL INQUIRY – Director Tells Congress Many Messages in New Trove Were Duplicates". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  115. ^ Bradner, Eric (November 6, 2016). "FBI: Review of new emails doesn't change conclusion on Clinton". CNN. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  116. ^ Bradner, Eric (November 6, 2016). "Franken: FBI's Comey should face Senate hearings". CNN. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  117. ^ Rubin, Jennifer (November 7, 2016). "James Comey should be fired". Chicago Tribune.  and Constantine, Tim (November 7, 2016). "FBI chief James Comey should resign". The Washington Times.  and Eichenwald, Kurt (November 7, 2016). "FBI Director James Comey Is Unfit for Public Service". Newsweek. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  118. ^ Przbyla, Heidi (October 31, 2016). "Prosecutors, Justice officials sign letter criticizing Comey decision". USA Today. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  119. ^ Chozick, Amy (November 12, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Blames F.B.I. Director for Election Loss". The New York Times. Retrieved November 13, 2016. 
  120. ^ a b Meyer, Ken (December 10, 2016). "Nate Silver: Clinton Would’ve ‘Almost Certainly’ Become President If Not for Comey’s Letter". Mediaite. Retrieved January 19, 2017. 'Comey had a large, measurable impact on the race' 'Late-deciding voters broke strongly against Clinton in swing states, enough to cost her MI/WI/PA.' 
  121. ^ Silver, Nate (November 6, 2016). "How Much Did Comey Hurt Clinton's Chances?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved January 19, 2017. ... while Clinton's chances were slightly declining already after she came off her post-debate peak, the rate of decline began to accelerate a couple of days after Comey, once we began to receive some post-Comey polls ... And while it isn't proof of anything, the pattern is at least consistent with a "shock" caused by a burst of negative news for a candidate, as opposed to a more gradual decline. 
  122. ^ "Election Update: Clinton Gains, And The Polls Magically Converge". FiveThirtyEight. November 8, 2016. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  123. ^ "Axelrod: Comey 'didn’t tell Hillary Clinton not to campaign in Wisconsin'". POLITICO. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  124. ^ "Clinton aides blame loss on everything but themselves". POLITICO. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  125. ^ Adam Goldman; Eric Lichtblau; Matt Apuzzo (January 13, 2017). "COMEY'S HANDLING OF CLINTON EMAILS WILL FACE INQUIRY – Justice Department Acts on Concern That Moves by F.B.I. Chief Jolted Race". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  126. ^ LoBianco, Tom (May 3, 2017). "Comey hearing: FBI chief defends 'right choice' on handling Clinton email probe". CNN. Retrieved May 3, 2017. 
  127. ^ Adam Goldman (May 4, 2017). "COMEY STANDS BY F.B.I.'S DISCLOSURE THAT JOLTED RACE – WOULD DO IT ALL AGAIN – He's 'Mildly Nauseous' at Idea He Swayed Vote, Senators Are Told". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  128. ^ a b c d Michael S. Schmidt (May 12, 2017). "In a Private Dinner, Trump Demanded Loyalty. Comey Demurred.". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  129. ^ a b c Michael S. Schmidt (May 17, 2017). "TRUMP APPEALED TO COMEY TO HALT INQUIRY INTO AIDE – Ex-F.B.I. Chief Noted Request in Memo: ‘I Hope You Can Let This Go’". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  130. ^ Michael S. Schmidt; Michael D. Shear (March 5, 2017). "F.B.I. CHIEF PUSHES FOR JUSTICE DEPT. TO REFUTE TRUMP – White House Rallies Behind Unproven Claim of Obama Tapping Phones". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  131. ^ CNN, Stephen Collinson (March 21, 2017). "Comey confirms FBI investigating Russia, Trump ties". CNN. Retrieved April 12, 2017. 
  132. ^ a b Kiely, Eugene; Farley, Robert (March 21, 2017). "Spinning the Intel Hearing". FactCheck.org. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  133. ^ Matt Apuzzo; Matthew Rosenberg; Emmarie Huetteman (March 21, 2017). "COMEY CONFIRMS INQUIRY ON RUSSIA AND TRUMP ALLIES – In Day of Testimony, F.B.I. Director Also Dismisses a Wiretapping Claim". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  134. ^ "Full transcript: FBI Director James Comey testifies on Russian interference in 2016 election.". The Washington Post. March 20, 2017. 
  135. ^ "FBI Director James Comey says Russia is 'greatest threat of any nation on Earth'". The Independent. May 4, 2017.
  136. ^ "Russia is the greatest threat to U.S.: James Comey". The Hindu. May 4, 2017.
  137. ^ "FBI has sufficient resources for Russia investigation: McCabe". Reuters. May 11, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2017. 
  138. ^ Harwood, John (May 11, 2017). "Acting FBI Director McCabe backs up the Trump administration on one key detail". CNBC. Retrieved May 26, 2017. 
  139. ^ Garcia, Arturo (May 10, 2017). "Will Ex-FBI Director James Comey Speak Before Senate Intelligence Committee?". Snopes. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  140. ^ Guardian Wires (June 8, 2017). "Former FBI director James Comey testifies before Senate - watch live". Retrieved July 7, 2017 – via YouTube. 
  141. ^ Collinson, Stephen (June 8, 2017). "James Comey claims his moment at hearing". CNN. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  142. ^ Smith, David; Borger, Julian; Siddiqui, Sabrina (June 8, 2017). "James Comey reveals concerns about Trump in a devastating account to Congress". The Guardian. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  143. ^ "Read James Comey's explosive opening statement on Trump and Russia in full". The Independent. June 7, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  144. ^ "Statement for the Record: Senate Select Committee on Intelligence" (PDF). intelligence.senate.gov. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  145. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Apuzzo, Matt (May 10, 2017). "F.B.I. Director James Comey Is Fired by Trump". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  146. ^ Smith, David (May 9, 2017). "Donald Trump fires FBI director Comey over handling of Clinton investigation". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved May 9, 2017. 
  147. ^ Sommer, Will (May 9, 2017). "Sessions was told to find reasons to fire Comey: reports". TheHill. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  148. ^ Pramuk, Jacob (May 9, 2017). "Justice Department was told to come up with reasons to fire Comey, reports say". CNBC. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  149. ^ Haberman, Maggie; Thrush, Glenn; Schmidt, Michael S.; Baker, Peter (May 11, 2017). "'Enough Was Enough': How Festering Anger at Comey Ended in His Firing". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  150. ^ a b Dawsey, Josh. "He got tired of him". POLITICO. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  151. ^ Malloy, Allie (May 10, 2017). "Trump says he fired Comey because he wasn't 'doing a good job'". CNN. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  152. ^ Vitali, Ali; Siemaszko, Corky (May 11, 2017). "EXCLUSIVE: President Trump reveals he asked Comey whether he was under investigation". NBC News. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  153. ^ Baker, Peter; Shear, Michael D. (May 12, 2017). "Trump Shifts Rationale for Firing Comey, Calling Him a 'Showboat'". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  154. ^ Buncombe, Andrew (May 14, 2017). "Donald Trump could be impeached over firing of James Comey, says professor who called election". The Independent. ISSN 0951-9467. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  155. ^ "A timeline of the nonexistent James Comey tapes". 
  156. ^ Scott, Eugene. "Trump threatens Comey in Twitter outburst". CNN. 
  157. ^ "Donald Trump appears to threaten James Comey over 'tapes of our conversations'". The Independent. May 12, 2017. 
  158. ^ Jacobs, Ben; Borger, Julian (May 12, 2017). "Trump threatens ex-FBI head Comey with possible 'tapes' of conversations". The Guardian. 
  159. ^ "Trump warns Comey not to leak conversations". Sky News. 
  160. ^ "Trump says he has no Comey tapes". 
  161. ^ http://www.washingtontimes.com, The Washington Times. "Donald Trump says he has no tapes of James Comey’s conversations". 
  162. ^ "Trump denies having Comey tapes — but won't deny recordings exist". 
  163. ^ "Trump to Russian diplomats: Firing 'nut job' James Comey took 'great pressure' off me". 
  164. ^ "Trump reportedly told Russians Comey is 'nut job,' said firing relieved 'pressure'". May 19, 2017. 
  165. ^ Rucker, Philip; Parker,, Ashley; Barrett, Devlin; Costa, Robert. "Inside Trump's anger and impatience – and his sudden decision to fire Comey". The Washington Post. 
  166. ^
  167. ^
  168. ^ Wilstein, Matt (May 9, 2017). "CNN's Jeffrey Toobin Goes Off on Trump for Firing Comey: ‘What Kind of Country Is This?’". The Daily Beast. 
  169. ^ Abbruzzese, Jason (May 9, 2017). "Everyone is comparing Donald Trump to Richard Nixon". The Silicon Times. 
  170. ^ "Comey firing: Reaction from members of Congress on FBI director’s dismissal". The Washington Post. 
  171. ^ Charlie Savage (May 12, 2017). "Critics Say Trump Broke the Law in Firing Comey. Proving It Isn't So Easy.". The New York Times. p. A17. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  172. ^ "FBI Director James Comey fired by President Trump". Fox59. Associated Press. May 9, 2017. 
  173. ^ Carroll, Lauren (May 10, 2017). "Did James Comey tell Donald Trump three times that he isn't under FBI investigation?". Politifact. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  174. ^ Comey, James (2017-06-08). "Statement for the Record Senate Select Committee on Intelligence" (PDF). United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. pp. 2, 4, 6. Retrieved 2017-07-19. I discussed with the FBI's leadership team whether I should be prepared to assure President-Elect Trump that we were not investigating him personally. ... without him directly asking the question, I offered that assurance. ... I replied that he should give that careful thought because it might create a narrative that we were investigating him personally, which we weren't ... we had told those Congressional leaders that we were not personally investigating President Trump. I reminded him I had previously told him that. 
  175. ^ Carroll, Lauren; Kruzel, John (2017-06-07). "The 3 things Comey's advance testimony corroborates from press reports, Trump". PolitiFact. Retrieved 2017-07-19. Comey’s prepared remarks bolster Trump’s claim. He says he assured Trump three different times, the first instance coming in a January 6 meeting a Trump Tower. 
  176. ^ The Associated Press (May 9, 2017). "The Latest: Comey Learned of Ouster as He Spoke at FBI in LA". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  177. ^ Winton, Richard; Queally, James (May 9, 2017). "Comey was 'caught flat-footed' and learned of firing from TV while talking to FBI agents in L.A., source says". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  178. ^ Prokupecz, Shimon (May 10, 2017). "First on CNN: Comey sends farewell letter to select FBI staff". CNN. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  179. ^ Schmidt, Michael S. (May 11, 2017). "In a Private Dinner, Trump Demanded Loyalty. Comey Demurred.". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  180. ^ "Trump asked James Comey to pledge his loyalty to him". CBS News. May 11, 2017. Soon after he was inaugurated, President Trump asked FBI Director James Comey to pledge his loyalty to him, a request that Comey turned down. Several sources within the FBI have stated that the White House's firing of Comey was a culmination of high-level efforts to interfere in the Russia investigation. 
  181. ^ a b Cohn, Alicia (May 13, 2017). "Comey willing to testify, but only in public: report". The Hill. Retrieved May 13, 2017. 
  182. ^ "Trump fires Comey: McCabe takes over as FBI's acting director". Fox News Channel. May 9, 2017. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  183. ^ Goldman, Adam; Rosenberg, Matthew (May 12, 2017). "Acting F.B.I. Chief Contradicts White House on Russia and Comey". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  184. ^ Ackerman, Spencer. "James Comey defends US surveillance practices at FBI confirmation hearing", The Guardian. July 9, 2013. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
  185. ^ Gage, Beverly (November 11, 2014). "What an Uncensored Letter to M.L.K. Reveals". The New York Times. 
  186. ^ Callan, Paul (October 30, 2016). "Time for FBI director Comey to go". CNN. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  187. ^ O'Dowd, Niall (October 30, 2016). "FBI's James Comey worse than Hoover when it comes to election interference". Irish Central. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  188. ^ "Ex-NSA chief backs Apple on iPhone 'back doors'". USA TODAY. February 21, 2016. 
  189. ^ Mary Kay Mallonee and Eugene Scott (March 9, 2017). "Comey: 'There is no such thing as absolute privacy in America'". CNN. 
  190. ^ Allen, Mike; Gerstein, Josh (2013-05-29). "President Obama to tap James Comey for FBI". Politico. Retrieved 2017-06-14. 
  191. ^ a b Neill Caldwell (July 31, 2013). "Next FBI director is a United Methodist". United Methodist News Service. Archived from the original on June 19, 2016. 
  192. ^ Perkins, Madeleine Sheehan (23 June 2017). "Photos show former FBI director James Comey entering New York Times building in Manhattan for event". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  193. ^ Profile, northjersey.com. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  194. ^ Profile, irishcentral.com. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
Further reading
  • Ackerman, Spencer. "James Comey remained at Justice Department as monitoring went on". The Guardian. June 27, 2013.
  • Murphy, Laura. "Let's check James Comey's Bush years record before he becomes FBI director". The Guardian. June 21, 2013.
  • Roberts, Riley. "The Case Against James Comey". Politico. September 11, 2016.
  • Wittes, Benjamin. "In Defense of Jim Comey: Politico's Bizarrely Shoddy Attack on the FBI Director". Lawfare Blog. September 14, 2016.
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to James B. Comey. Wikisource has original works written by or about:
James Brien Comey Wikiquote has quotations related to: James Comey
  • Department of Justice Farewell Address
  • James B. Comey – White House Biography
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
  • James B. Comey Professional Biography, United States Department of Justice
  • Transcript of James Comey's testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee, May 15, 2007
  • "Intelligence Under the Law", a speech delivered by James Comey to the National Security Agency on Law Day, May 20, 2005
  • "Corporate Counsel article – "Attention Must Be Paid"". law.com. January 1, 2008. 
  • Profile on Columbia Law School
  • James Comey’s opening statement preceeding the June 8, 2017 Senate Intelligence Committee hearing
Legal offices Preceded by
Mary Jo White United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York
2002–2003 Succeeded by
David N. Kelley Preceded by
Larry Thompson United States Deputy Attorney General
2003–2005 Succeeded by
Robert McCallum Jr.
Acting Government offices Preceded by
Robert Mueller Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
2013–2017 Succeeded by
Andrew McCabe
  • v
  • t
  • e
Directors of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • Hoover
  • Gray*
  • Ruckelshaus*
  • Kelley
  • Adams*
  • Webster
  • Otto*
  • Sessions
  • Clarke*
  • Freeh
  • Pickard*
  • Mueller
  • Comey
  • McCabe*
  • Wray (Nominee)
*denotes acting
  • Biography portal
  • Government of the United States portal
  • Law enforcement portal
Authority control
  • WorldCat Identities
  • VIAF: 16938946
  • LCCN: no2004077346
  • ISNI: 0000 0000 4822 0337

A Higher Loyalty: Truth, Lies, and Leadership
A Higher Loyalty: Truth, Lies, and Leadership
From prosecuting the Mafia and Martha Stewart to helping change the Bush administration's policies on torture and electronic surveillance, overseeing the Hillary Clinton e-mail investigation as well as ties between the Trump campaign and Russia, Comey has been involved in some of the most consequential cases and policies of recent history.

Click Here to view in augmented reality


Fascism: A Warning
Fascism: A Warning
#1 New York Times Bestseller A personal and urgent examination of Fascism in the twentieth century and how its legacy shapes today’s world, written by one of America’s most admired public servants, the first woman to serve as U.S. secretary of state A Fascist, observes Madeleine Albright, “is someone who claims to speak for a whole nation or group, is utterly unconcerned with the rights of others, and is willing to use violence and whatever other means are necessary to achieve the goals he or she might have.”  The twentieth century was defined by the clash between democracy and Fascism, a struggle that created uncertainty about the survival of human freedom and left millions dead. Given the horrors of that experience, one might expect the world to reject the spiritual successors to Hitler and Mussolini should they arise in our era. In Fascism: A Warning, Madeleine Albright draws on her experiences as a child in war-torn Europe and her distinguished career as a diplomat to question that assumption. Fascism, as she shows, not only endured through the twentieth century but now presents a more virulent threat to peace and justice than at any time since the end of World War II.  The momentum toward democracy that swept the world when the Berlin Wall fell has gone into reverse.  The United States, which historically championed the free world, is led by a president who exacerbates division and heaps scorn on democratic institutions.  In many countries, economic, technological, and cultural factors are weakening the political center and empowering the extremes of right and left.  Contemporary leaders such as Vladimir Putin and Kim Jong-un are employing many of the tactics used by Fascists in the 1920s and 30s. Fascism: A Warning is a book for our times that is relevant to all times.  Written  by someone who has not only studied history but helped to shape it, this call to arms teaches us the lessons we must understand and the questions we must answer if we are to save ourselves from repeating the tragic errors of the past.

Click Here to view in augmented reality


The Soul of America: The Battle for Our Better Angels
The Soul of America: The Battle for Our Better Angels
Pulitzer Prize–winning author Jon Meacham helps us understand the present moment in American politics and life by looking back at critical times in our history when hope overcame division and fear. Our current climate of partisan fury is not new, and in The Soul of America Meacham shows us how what Abraham Lincoln called the “better angels of our nature” have repeatedly won the day. Painting surprising portraits of Lincoln and other presidents, including Ulysses S. Grant, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Dwight Eisenhower, and Lyndon B. Johnson, and illuminating the courage of such influential citizen activists as Martin Luther King, Jr., early suffragettes Alice Paul and Carrie Chapman Catt, civil rights pioneers Rosa Parks and John Lewis, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, and Army-McCarthy hearings lawyer Joseph N. Welch, Meacham brings vividly to life turning points in American history. He writes about the Civil War, Reconstruction, and the birth of the Lost Cause; the backlash against immigrants in the First World War and the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s; the fight for women’s rights; the demagoguery of Huey Long and Father Coughlin and the isolationist work of America First in the years before World War II; the anti-Communist witch-hunts led by Senator Joseph McCarthy; and Lyndon Johnson’s crusade against Jim Crow. Each of these dramatic hours in our national life have been shaped by the contest to lead the country to look forward rather than back, to assert hope over fear—a struggle that continues even now.While the American story has not always—or even often—been heroic, we have been sustained by a belief in progress even in the gloomiest of times. In this inspiring book, Meacham reassures us, “The good news is that we have come through such darkness before”—as, time and again, Lincoln’s better angels have found a way to prevail.Advance praise for The Soul of America “Meacham has written this exceptionally fluent and stirring ‘portrait of hours in which the politics of fear were prevalent’ in America out of profound knowledge, respect, and love for the nation. . . . This engrossing, edifying, many-voiced chronicle, subtly propelled by concern over the troubled Trump administration, calls on readers to defend democracy, decency, and the common good.”—Booklist (starred review)“This is a brilliant, fascinating, timely, and above all profoundly important book.”—Walter Isaacson

Click Here to view in augmented reality


No Higher Loyalty To Anyone But Me: A Donald Trump Coloring & Activity Book for Adults (No Truth, Lot's of Lies, and Fake Leadership) (Volume 1)
No Higher Loyalty To Anyone But Me: A Donald Trump Coloring & Activity Book for Adults (No Truth, Lot's of Lies, and Fake Leadership) (Volume 1)
NEW RELEASE *** NEW RELEASE *** NEW RELEASE No Higher Loyalty To Anyone But Me A Donald Trump Coloring & Activity Book for Adults Get some BIGGLY stress-relief from all the fake news! Featuring lot's of pages full of laugh-out-loud activities, fill-in-the-blank conversations and coloring pages. YUUUGE fun for friends, family and co-workers. Pages include: Trump's mind map, the James Comey Memos, draw the Mooch , the Hall of Fame of fired White House staff, and much more.

Click Here to view in augmented reality


Political Power: James Comey
Political Power: James Comey
As a young man, James Comey was the victim of a home invasion by a masked man known as the Ramsey Rapist. The experience forever changed him, instilling in him a desire to seek justice for the oppressed and to prosecute those who do others harm. His desire to see justice served and success at prosecuting high-profile people like Martha Stewart would lead him to occupy the top cop job in the United States: The Director of the FBI.As featured on CNN, FOX News, Time Magazine, The Washington Post, LA Times, OK Magazine, and MSNBC! Political Power is a comic book series that features biographies on modern politics. This issues features the life of James Comey. 

Click Here to view in augmented reality


An intimate, powerful, and inspiring memoir by the former First Lady of the United States   In a life filled with meaning and accomplishment, Michelle Obama has emerged as one of the most iconic and compelling women of our era. As First Lady of the United States of America—the first African-American to serve in that role—she helped create the most welcoming and inclusive White House in history, while also establishing herself as a powerful advocate for women and girls in the U.S. and around the world, dramatically changing the ways that families pursue healthier and more active lives, and standing with her husband as he led America through some of its most harrowing moments. Along the way, she showed us a few dance moves, crushed Carpool Karaoke, and raised two down-to-earth daughters under an unforgiving media glare.   In her memoir, a work of deep reflection and mesmerizing storytelling, Michelle Obama invites readers into her world, chronicling the experiences that have shaped her—from her childhood on the South Side of Chicago to her years as an executive balancing the demands of motherhood and work, to her time spent at the world’s most famous address. With unerring honesty and lively wit, she describes her triumphs and her disappointments, both public and private, telling her full story as she has lived it—in her own words and on her own terms. Warm, wise, and revelatory, Becoming is the deeply personal reckoning of a woman of soul and substance who has steadily defied expectations—and whose story inspires us to do the same.

Click Here to view in augmented reality


War on Peace: The End of Diplomacy and the Decline of American Influence
War on Peace: The End of Diplomacy and the Decline of American Influence
A harrowing exploration of the collapse of American diplomacy and the abdication of global leadership, by the winner of the 2018 Pulitzer Prize in Public Service.US foreign policy is undergoing a dire transformation, forever changing America’s place in the world. Institutions of diplomacy and development are bleeding out after deep budget cuts; the diplomats who make America’s deals and protect its citizens around the world are walking out in droves. Offices across the State Department sit empty, while abroad the military-industrial complex has assumed the work once undertaken by peacemakers. We’re becoming a nation that shoots first and asks questions later.In an astonishing journey from the corridors of power in Washington, DC, to some of the most remote and dangerous places on earth―Afghanistan, Somalia, and North Korea among them―acclaimed investigative journalist Ronan Farrow illuminates one of the most consequential and poorly understood changes in American history. His firsthand experience as a former State Department official affords a personal look at some of the last standard bearers of traditional statecraft, including Richard Holbrooke, who made peace in Bosnia and died while trying to do so in Afghanistan.Drawing on newly unearthed documents, and richly informed by rare interviews with warlords, whistle-blowers, and policymakers―including every living former secretary of state from Henry Kissinger to Hillary Clinton to Rex Tillerson―War on Peace makes a powerful case for an endangered profession. Diplomacy, Farrow argues, has declined after decades of political cowardice, shortsightedness, and outright malice―but it may just offer America a way out of a world at war.

Click Here to view in augmented reality


DIRECTOR COMEY – IN HIS OWN WORDS: A Collection of His Most Important Speeches as FBI Director
DIRECTOR COMEY – IN HIS OWN WORDS: A Collection of His Most Important Speeches as FBI Director
James Comey, as Director of the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation from 2013 to 2017, represented one of the most respected and powerful law enforcement officials in America. Despite his sudden and unexpected termination by President Trump, Americans have rallied behind James Comey and saluted his years of service to the American people. The influential Fortune magazine called him “a competent administrator capable of inspiring the loyalty of agents and staff” and noted he is “widely regarded as a man of personal integrity.” The Washington Post has also heralded him as a “fierce defender of the law.”‘DIRECTOR COMEY – IN HIS OWN WORDS: A Collection of His Most Important Speeches as FBI Director’ brings together nearly thirty of the most memorable and most influential speeches by James Comey as FBI Director – as personally selected by the Historica Press editorial board – that speak to both his character and vision of a safer America. The detailed and comprehensive speeches collected cover a range of issues that will remain important for years to come – like race relations, fighting ISIS and terrorism, cyber security, state-sponsored cyber attacks from Russia, balancing privacy and security, and much more.Formatted for easy use and reading with your Kindle or mobile reading device.

Click Here to view in augmented reality



WhmSoft Moblog
Copyright (C) 2006-2018 WhmSoft
All Rights Reserved