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London Breed
London Nicole Breed (born August 11, 1974) is an American politician from California who is the 45th and current mayor of the City and County of San

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London Breed 45th Mayor of San Francisco Incumbent Assumed office
July 11, 2018Preceded by Mark Farrell In office
December 12, 2017 – January 23, 2018
ActingPreceded by Ed LeeSucceeded by Mark FarrellPresident of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors In office
January 8, 2015 – June 26, 2018Preceded by Katy TangSucceeded by Malia CohenMember of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors
from the 5th district In office
January 8, 2013 – July 11, 2018Preceded by Christina OlagueSucceeded by Vallie Brown Personal detailsBorn London Nicole Breed
(1974-08-11) August 11, 1974 (age 44)
San Francisco, California, U.S.Political party DemocraticEducation University of California, Davis (BA)
University of San Francisco (MPA)Signature

London Nicole Breed (born August 11, 1974) is an American politician from California who is the 45th and current mayor of the City and County of San Francisco. She formerly served as supervisor for District 5, and was president of the Board of Supervisors from 2015 to 2018.

Raised in poverty in the Western Addition, Breed worked in government after college. She was elected to the Board of Supervisors in 2013 and elected its president in 2015. As president of the Board, Breed, according to the city charter, became the acting mayor of San Francisco following the death of Mayor Ed Lee. She served in this role from December 12, 2017 to January 23, 2018.

Breed was the winning candidate in the San Francisco mayoral special election held on June 5, 2018. Breed is the first black woman and second woman overall to be elected mayor of San Francisco.[1] She was sworn in as mayor on July 11, 2018.[2][3][4]

  • 1 Early life and education
  • 2 Career
    • 2.1 Mayor
  • 3 Legislative record
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links
Early life and education

Born in San Francisco,[5] Breed was raised by her grandmother in Plaza East public housing in the Western Addition neighborhood of the city.[6] Breed later wrote of her childhood in San Francisco: "ive of us liv on $900 per month. 'Recycling' meant drinking out of old mayonnaise jars. Violence was never far away. And once a week, we took Grandma's pushcart to the community room to collect government-issued groceries."[7] Her younger sister died of a drug overdose and her brother is in prison.[8]

Breed graduated from Galileo High School. Breed earned a bachelor's degree from the University of California, Davis in 1997 and a master's degree in public administration from the University of San Francisco in 2012.[9]


Breed worked as an intern in the Office of Housing and Neighborhood Services for Mayor Willie Brown.[8] In 2002, Breed became the executive director of the African American Art & Culture Complex,[10] where she raised over $2.5 million to renovate the complex's 34,000 square foot space, including an art gallery, theater space, and a recording studio.[6] Breed was named to the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency Commission in 2004. In 2010, Mayor Gavin Newsom appointed her to the San Francisco Fire Commission.[6]

In November 2012, Breed was elected to the District 5 supervisor seat after she defeated incumbent Christina Olague, who had been appointed to the seat that year by Mayor Ed Lee after Supervisor Ross Mirkarimi was elected sheriff. Following five rounds of ranked-choice voting allocations, Breed won by over 12 points, marking the first time in San Francisco history that a challenger unseated a district supervisor.[11] (Aaron Peskin repeated this feat in 2015, unseating Supervisor Julie Christensen to reclaim his District 3 seat.[12])

Breed was inaugurated as District 5 supervisor on January 8, 2013, with then-California Attorney General Kamala Harris administering the oath of office.[13] On January 8, 2015 Breed was elected President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors first by a vote of 8 to 3 and then unanimously. She defeated supervisor David Campos who was also nominated for the position.[14] Breed succeeded District Four Supervisor Katy Tang who assumed the presidency temporarily after then-Board President David Chiu resigned to begin serving in the California Assembly.[15][16]

In February 2016, Breed announced her re-election bid to represent District 5. The top issues she identified in her announcement were building and protecting affordable housing, increasing public safety, improving environmental health, and modernizing public transportation.[17] Dean Preston, an attorney, ran against her. Breed won reelection 52% to 48% on November 8, 2016, beating Preston in 46 of the district's 68 precincts.[18][19]

As part of an FBI investigation into public corruption and bid-fixing, businessman Derf Butler was recorded talking about allegedly paying for access to Breed. Butler, according to court documents released in 2015, told an FBI source that he "pays Supervisor Breed with untraceable debit cards for clothing and trips in exchange for advantages on contracts in San Francisco." The claim was denied by Breed and no evidence has been presented in the years since the allegation to substantiate it.[20]

Breed was unanimously re-elected to another two-year term as Board President on January 9, 2017. No other supervisors were nominated for the position.[21]


Following the death of Mayor Ed Lee on December 12, 2017, Breed became the city's acting mayor by virtue of her position as President of the Board of Supervisors.[22][23] She served in this position until January 23, 2018, when the Board of Supervisors selected Mark Farrell to serve as interim mayor until the special election could be held. Citing Ron Conway's role as a benefactor to Breed, Supervisors Aaron Peskin and Jane Kim, considered the progressive members of the board, sought to deny Breed the benefits of incumbency going into the election.[24][25]

Breed ran in the mayoral special election held on June 5.[26] Breed led in the initial count's first place votes with 35.6 percent, with Mark Leno in second with 25.9 percent, and Kim with 22.8 percent. Leno took the lead the next day after the initial tabulation of ranked-choice ballots,[27] but Breed took the lead on June 9.[28][29] On June 13, with only 8,000 ballots left to count,[30] Leno conceded defeat and congratulated Breed on her victory.[31] Breed resigned her position as president of the Board of Supervisors on June 26, 2018, and was succeeded by Malia Cohen in a unanimous vote by the Board. She retained her position as District Five supervisor until assuming the mayoralty on July 11, 2018.[32] Breed has declared her intention to run for a full term in the next regular mayoral election, due to be held on November 5, 2019.[33]

As mayor, Breed took several unannounced walks through different neighborhoods of the city. She created a taskforce of members of the San Francisco Department of Public Works to clean up feces from the sidewalks of the city, which is referred to as a 'Poop Patrol'.[34][35]

Legislative record This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2018)

Breed authored legislation in 2014 to allow the San Francisco City Attorney to pursue civil damages against graffiti taggers, instead of solely relying on criminal prosecutions to punish taggers.[36] In 2016, City Attorney Dennis Herrera used these new penalties to win a civil judgment against serial tagger Terry Cozy that resulted in a $217,831.64 fine.[37]

After the 2015 shooting of Mario Woods by San Francisco police officers, Breed and Supervisor Malia Cohen called for a federal investigation of the shooting at a Board of Supervisors meeting.[38]

  1. ^ Knight, Heather (June 13, 2018). "It's a really big deal that SF elected London Breed as mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 13, 2018. 
  2. ^ Melendez, Lyanne (July 11, 2018). "San Francisco welcomes new mayor London Breed, first African-American woman to hold position". Retrieved August 27, 2018. 
  3. ^ Ostler, Scott. "Big crowd at SF Civic Center sees London Breed sworn in as new mayor". Retrieved August 27, 2018. 
  4. ^ Fracassa, Dominic (July 11, 2018). "Big crowd at SF Civic Center sees London Breed sworn in as new mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 11, 2018. 
  5. ^ "California Birth Index, London N Breed, born 1974". California Birth Index. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c "District 5 – Board of Supervisors". Retrieved December 12, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Powdered milk and moving vans: The fight for affordable housing". The San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  8. ^ a b Knight, Heather. "London Breed feels her life experience can guide the city: Raised on the rough side of San Francisco, she believes her bruised hometown can be made to shine once again". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 13, 2018. 
  9. ^ Nevius, C.W. (November 10, 2012). "London Breed is S.F.'s election shocker". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 19, 2013. 
  10. ^ Lagos, Marisa (December 26, 2012). "London Breed's emphasis: kids' lives". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Board of Supervisors, District 5". Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  12. ^ "District 3: Peskin apparently heading back to board". SFGate. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  13. ^ THA DON Bowden (January 11, 2013), Inauguration Of London Breed District 5 Supervisor 2013, retrieved April 14, 2017 
  14. ^ "London Breed elected president of S.F. Board of Supervisors". SFGate. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  15. ^ "London Breed elected president of S.F. Board of Supervisors". Retrieved December 12, 2017. 
  16. ^ "SF supervisors elect Katy Tang as interim president". SFGate. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  17. ^ "London Breed Formally Announces Re-Election Campaign For D5 Supervisor | Hoodline". Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  18. ^ "RCV Results Summary Report for Board of Supervisors, District 5". Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  19. ^ "SFByTheNumbers: A Tale of Two Incumbents". Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Public officials named in new findings from FBI probe of 'Shrimp Boy' Chow". The San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Breed re-elected as SF's Board of Supervisors president". The San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  22. ^ Bulwa, Demian. "San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee dead at 65". SFGate. Retrieved December 12, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Rules dictate how SF's next mayor may be chosen and how long they may serve". San Francisco Chronicle. December 12, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2017. 
  24. ^ Shafer, Scott (January 23, 2018). "Political Uproar as Mark Farrell Replaces London Breed as S.F. Mayor". KQED. 
  25. ^ Fagone, Jason (January 28, 2018). "London Breed's sudden, short term as SF's acting mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. 
  26. ^ Fracassa, Dominic; Swan, Rachel (January 5, 2018). "London Breed says she's in the race for SF mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 13, 2018. 
  27. ^ "SF mayor's race: Ranked choice puts Mark Leno in lead over London Breed". San Francisco Chronicle. 
  28. ^ "As Breed regains slim lead, mayoral cliffhanger echoes Oakland's 2010 race". San Francisco Chronicle. 
  29. ^ "June 5, 2018 Election Results – Detailed Reports". San Francisco Department of Elections. 
  30. ^ Melendez, Lyanne. "Mark Leno concedes after close San Francisco mayor's race". Retrieved June 13, 2018. 
  31. ^ Name (required) (May 24, 2018). "Sources: Mark Leno To Concede In San Francisco Mayor's Race « CBS San Francisco". Retrieved June 13, 2018. 
  32. ^ Fracassa, Dominic (June 26, 2018). "SF supervisors elect Malia Cohen their president as Breed set to become mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 26, 2018. 
  33. ^ Fracassa, Dominic (July 11, 2018). "London Breed has short term as SF mayor to prove herself for re-election". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 11, 2018. 
  34. ^ August 14, 2018, at 10:44 p.m. ET (August 14, 2018). "A "Poop Patrol" Is Going To Start Cleaning Feces Off San Francisco's Filthy Sidewalks". Retrieved August 27, 2018. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  35. ^ Melia Robinson (August 19, 2018). "San Francisco launches 'Poop Patrol' to clean human feces on sidewalks". Business Insider. Retrieved August 27, 2018. 
  36. ^ "San Francisco Supervisor London Breed coming up with new plan to crack down on graffiti offenders". ABC7 San Francisco. Retrieved April 7, 2016. 
  37. ^ "6-figure fine means it's a new day for taggers in S.F." San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 7, 2016. 
  38. ^ "Supervisor London Breed Calls for a Federal Investigation into the SFPD's Shooting Death of Mario Woods". SF Weekly. Retrieved April 7, 2016. 
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to London Breed.
  • Official website
Political offices Preceded by
Christina Olague Member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors
from the 5th district

2013–2018 Succeeded by
Vallie Brown Preceded by
Katy Tang President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors
2015–2018 Succeeded by
Malia Cohen Preceded by
Ed Lee Mayor of San Francisco

2017–2018 Succeeded by
Mark Farrell Preceded by
Mark Farrell Mayor of San Francisco
2018–present Incumbent
  • v
  • t
  • e
Mayors of San Francisco
  • John W. Geary
  • Charles James Brenham
  • Stephen Randall Harris
  • Charles James Brenham
  • C. K. Garrison
  • Stephen Palfrey Webb
  • James Van Ness
  • George J. Whelan
  • Ephraim Willard Burr
  • Henry F. Teschemacher
  • Henry Perrin Coon
  • Frank McCoppin
  • Thomas Henry Selby
  • William Alvord
  • James Otis
  • George Hewston
  • Andrew Jackson Bryant
  • Isaac Smith Kalloch
  • Maurice Carey Blake
  • Washington Bartlett
  • Edward B. Pond
  • George Henry Sanderson
  • Levi Richard Ellert
  • Adolph Sutro
  • James D. Phelan
  • Eugene Schmitz
  • Charles Boxton
  • Edward Robeson Taylor
  • P. H. McCarthy
  • James Rolph
  • Angelo Joseph Rossi
  • Roger Lapham
  • Elmer Robinson
  • George Christopher
  • John F. Shelley
  • Joseph Alioto
  • George Moscone
  • Dianne Feinstein
  • Art Agnos
  • Frank Jordan
  • Willie Brown
  • Gavin Newsom
  • Ed Lee
  • Mark Farrell
  • London Breed
  • v
  • t
  • e
Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in California
  1. Eric Garcetti
    (Los Angeles)
  2. Kevin Faulconer
    (San Diego)
  3. Sam Liccardo
    (San Jose)
  4. London Breed
    (San Francisco)
  5. Lee Brand
  6. Darrell Steinberg
  7. Robert Garcia
    (Long Beach)
  8. Libby Schaaf
  9. Karen Goh
  10. Tom Tait
  11. Miguel A. Pulido
    (Santa Ana)
  12. Rusty Bailey
  13. Michael Tubbs
  14. Mary Salas
    (Chula Vista)
  15. Don Wagner
  16. Lily Mei
  17. R. Carey Davis
    (San Bernardino)
  18. Garrad Marsh
  19. Acquanetta Warren
  20. Tim Flynn
  21. Jesse Molina
    (Moreno Valley)*
  22. Mike Posey
    (Huntington Beach)*
  23. Paula Devine
  24. Laurene Weste
    (Santa Clarita)*
  25. Jim Wood
  26. Steven R. Jones
    (Garden Grove)
  27. L. Dennis Michael
    (Rancho Cucamonga)
  28. John Sawyer
    (Santa Rosa)*
  29. Paul S. Leon
  30. Steve Ly
    (Elk Grove)
  31. Eugene Montanez
  32. R. Rex Parris
  33. James C. Ledford Jr.
  34. Barbara Halliday
  35. Joe Gunter
  36. Elliot Rothman
  37. Glenn Hendricks
  38. Sam Abed
  39. Patrick J. Furey
  40. Terry Tornek
  41. Teresa Smith
  42. Greg Sebourn
  43. Carol Garcia
  44. Steve Nelsen
  45. Al Adam
    (Thousand Oaks)*
  46. Edi E. Birsan
  47. Bob Huber
    (Simi Valley)
  48. Jamie L. Matthews
    (Santa Clara)
  49. Gloria Garcia
  50. Bob Sampayan
  51. Jesse Arreguín
  52. Andre Quintero
    (El Monte)
  53. Sean Ashton
  54. Matt Hall
  55. Stephen Mensinger
    (Costa Mesa)*
  56. Harry T. Price
  57. Jeff Comerchero
  58. James T. Butts Jr.
  59. Wade Harper
  60. Harry Ramos
  61. Cheryl Heitmann
  62. Tom Butt
  63. Fredrick Sykes
    (West Covina)*
  64. Jennifer Perez
  65. Raymond A. Buenaventura
    (Daly City)
  66. Bob Frutos
  67. Alice Patino
    (Santa Maria)
  68. Nathan Magsig
  69. Bill Wells
    (El Cajon)
  70. Maureen Freschet
    (San Mateo)*
  71. Judy Ritter
  72. Brad Hancock
    (Jurupa Valley)
^* Mayor selected from city council

A Dying Breed
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Manual Woodworkers & Weavers Fleece Top Large Breed Pet Bed, London SE1, Multi Colored
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This heavily illustrated directory describes every canine breed recognized by the AKC. It includes recently recognized breeds, such as the Norwegian Buhund, the Pyrenean Shepherd, and the Swedish Vallhund. A succinct description of each dog cites its origins, its physical and temperamental traits, its average life span, all major health concerns, and its special needs, such as training, grooming, exercise, and adaptability to specific environments. A color photo shows an example of each breed in its show pose and an adjoining photo provides a detailed head shot. Written by an expert on dog breeds, this spiral-bound book packs a wealth of information in a manageable size. It will serve as a handy guide for prospective dog purchasers, as well as trainers and breeders. Attractive and easy-to-use charts summarize the ease of care for each breed.

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