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Parliamentary opposition
"Official Opposition" usually goes to the largest of the parties sitting in opposition with its leader being given the title "Leader of the Opposition". In

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For other uses, see Opposition (politics). This article does not cite any sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Parliamentary opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system. This article uses the term government as it is used in Parliamentary systems, i.e. meaning the administration or the cabinet rather than the state. The title of "Official Opposition" usually goes to the largest of the parties sitting in opposition with its leader being given the title "Leader of the Opposition".

In First Past the Post assemblies, where the tendency to gravitate into two major parties or party groupings operates strongly, government and opposition roles can go to the two main groupings serially in alternation.

The more proportional a representative system, the greater the likelihood of multiple political parties appearing in the parliamentary debating chamber. Such systems can foster multiple "opposition" parties which may have little in common and minimal desire to form a united bloc opposed to the government of the day.

Some well-organised democracies, dominated long-term by a single faction, reduce their parliamentary opposition to tokenism. Singapore exemplifies a case of a numerically weak opposition; South Africa under the apartheid regime maintained a long-term imbalance in the parliament. In some cases tame "opposition" parties are created by the governing groups in order to create an impression of democratic debate.

See also
  • Loyal opposition
  • Opposition Party (Hungary)
  • Official Opposition (Canada)
  • Official Opposition (India)
  • Official Opposition (New Zealand)
  • Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (United Kingdom)
  • Opposition (Australia)
  • Opposition (Malaysia)
  • Opposition (Croatia)
  • Pro-democracy camp (Hong Kong) (Opposition camp in Hong Kong)
  • Opposition Front Bench (Ireland)
  • Shadow Cabinet
  • Minority leader
  • Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (Gibraltar)
  • Anti-Administration party
  • Opposition Party (United States)
References


The Japanese Communist Party: Permanent Opposition, but Moral Compass (Routledge Contemporary Japan Series)
The Japanese Communist Party: Permanent Opposition, but Moral Compass (Routledge Contemporary Japan Series)
This book provides an historical overview of the Japanese Communist Party from its foundation to the present. It outlines the development of the party, explores its stance on key issues and discusses how the party has set a high moral tone, avoiding compromising coalitions with other parties, being intolerant of corruption within its own ranks, and frequently and consistently opposing the ruling Liberal Democratic Party. The book also considers the internal nature of the party, which continues to have a mass membership, and which in recent years has softened its former somewhat rigid approach. The book emphasizes the importance for Japan of this moral approach as the conscience of the nation, especially as the present Abe government moves Japan to the right, even though the Japanese Communist Party has never gained power and is never likely to.

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$121.36
-$48.64(-29%)



Parties, Opposition and Society in West Germany (RLE: German Politics) (Routledge Library Editions: German Politics)
Parties, Opposition and Society in West Germany (RLE: German Politics) (Routledge Library Editions: German Politics)
In this volume, originally published in 1984, the author examines the social composition of the electorate, of membership and leadership of West German political parties, as well as their representation and finances. Kolinsky argues that while affiliation and electorates remained distinct, the social composition of party organisations became narrower and more uniform. The book examines how the parties became alienated from contemporary West German society and discusses the difficulties experienced by opposition parties in trying to develop alternative strategies, in particular those of the Green Party.

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Opposition Party Member T-Shirt
Opposition Party Member T-Shirt
Supporters of the media will surely love this one. If you support media and the way they cover the US Government, this is a must buy!

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$16.99



THE MEDIA IS THE OPPOSITION PARTY political satire mug, perfect gift for all conservative leaning friends timely edgy current
THE MEDIA IS THE OPPOSITION PARTY political satire mug, perfect gift for all conservative leaning friends timely edgy current
You can stop searching for a gift for your conservative friends. Don't wait to order yours. We continually update our inventory with fresh designs and can only keep so many mugs in stock.

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1 The Media is the Opposition Party Decal
1 The Media is the Opposition Party Decal
1 The Media is the Opposition Party Decal Trump Easy to remove with hair dryer, will not damage paint.

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$4.95



Vintage photo of Members of Mexico39;s opposition revolutionary democratic party.
Vintage photo of Members of Mexico39;s opposition revolutionary democratic party.
Size Size of photo 8.4" x 12"   This photograph originates from the International Magazine Services photo archive. IMS was a editorial photo archive in Scandinavia founded in 1948 but evolved from older archives that have images in the collection also. The archive is in great condition and been in storage for a long time and the images in the collection are now being sold off one by one. The images in this archive where distributed in only 10-15 copies around the world at the time and many copies have been lost or damaged during time, each copy from the collection is therefore very rare and unique. This kind of rare images are not only a great thing to own but also a great investment. Own a piece of history with this great photography memorabilia. By purchasing a photo from IMXPIX Images, copyright does not transfer. We are selling these photos as collectibles only and no copyright is implied. Detected: OCR:

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Cameroon's Social Democratic Front: Its History and Prospects as an Opposition Political Party (1990-2011)
Cameroon's Social Democratic Front: Its History and Prospects as an Opposition Political Party (1990-2011)
Cameroon's Social Democratic Front (SDF) was among the watershed challenges c.1990 by sub-Saharan Africa's democratization forces against autocratic regimes, but it crested in 1992 and has subsided since. Yet the party survives, participates in the National Assembly, maintains a grass roots structure, and prepares for a presidential ballot in 2011 that will likely determine its fate. The author conducted research four times in Cameroon, 1989-1999, focusing on the SDF since 1991, and maintains party contacts to the present. The book assesses its history and its prospects, covering the SDF in Africa-wide as well as Cameroonian terms. "Krieger has given us the first, superbly researched, finely tuned analysis of the fortunes of a major contemporary African opposition party, Cameroon's Social Democratic Front (SDF)." - Victor Le Vine, Washington University, St. Louis, USA. "The book goes far beyond its title and puts in context a daylight re-emergence of political opposition in Cameroon. To say that this long overdue history of the SDF party is a prolegomena to understanding contemporary Cameroon social forces is not an overstatement." - Ambroise Kom, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon. "...a level-headed but provocative examination of the structure and workings of a major African country...the sobriety with which he evaluates institutions and leadership is commendable, yielding exceptional analysis that will stand the test of time." - Toyin Falola, Fellow of the Nigerian Academy of Letters and Fellow of the Historical Society of Nigeria. Milton Krieger started teaching and research about sub-Saharan Africa in 1970. Nine trips there include four research visits providing two years time in Cameroon, 1989-99. The second, 1991, coincided with 'villes mortes' and turned his primary scholarship to the Social Democratic Front. Access to party documents, officials, and rank and file members included visitor status at the 1995 and 1999 national conventions. Party contacts continue to the present.

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$32.91



Opposition Parties in European Legislatures: Conflict or Consensus? (Routledge Studies on Political Parties and Party Systems)
Opposition Parties in European Legislatures: Conflict or Consensus? (Routledge Studies on Political Parties and Party Systems)
Democratic theory considers it fundamental for parties in government to be both responsive to their electorate and responsible to internal and international constraints. But recently these two roles have become more and more incompatible with Mair’s growing divide in European party systems between parties which claim to represent, but don’t deliver, and those which deliver, but are no longer seen to represent truer than ever.This book contains a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the behaviour of the opposition parties in eleven European democracies across Western and East Central Europe. Specifically, it investigates the parliamentary behaviour of the opposition parties, and shows that the party context is increasingly diverse. It demonstrates the emergence of two distinct types of opposition: one more cooperative, carried out by the mainstream parties (those with government aspirations), and one more adversarial focusing on government scrutiny rather than on policy alternatives (parties permanently excluded from power). It systematically and analytically explores the sources of their behaviour, whilst acknowledging that opposition is broader than its mere parliamentary behaviour. Finally, it considers the European agenda and the economic crisis as two possible intervening variables that might have an impact on the opposition parties’ behaviour and the government-opposition relations. As such, it responds to questions that are major concerns for the European democracies of the new millennium.This text will be of key interest to students and scholars of political parties, European politics, comparative politics and democracy.

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