Padma
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Padma Shri
Padma Shri (also Padma Shree) is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma

View Wikipedia Article

Fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India

Padma ShriAwarded by

Government of India
CountryIndiaTypeNational Civilian distinguishmentRibbonStatisticsEstablished1954First awarded1954Last awarded2019Total awarded2840PrecedenceNext (higher) Padma Bhushan[1]Next (lower)Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak[1] Padmasree award certificate

Padma Shri (also Padma Shree) is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan. It is awarded by the Government of India, every year on India's Republic Day.[2]

Contents
  • 1 History
  • 2 Refusals and controversies
  • 3 Awards by decade
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links
History

Padma Awards were instituted in 1954 to be awarded to citizens of India in recognition of their distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including the arts, education, industry, literature, science, sports, medicine, social service and public affairs. It has also been awarded to some distinguished individuals who were not citizens of India but did contribute in various ways to India.

The selection criteria have been criticized in some quarters with the claim that many highly deserving artists have been left out in order to favor certain individuals.[3][4] India has now created an online nomination platform for the common citizens to recommend the nomination for the annually given civilian "Padma" awards.[5]

On its obverse, the words "Padma", meaning lotus in Sanskrit, and "Shri", a Sanskrit-derived honorific equivalent to 'Mr.' or 'Ms.' (ie., "Noble One in Blossom"), appear in Devanagari above and below a lotus flower. The geometrical pattern on either side is in burnished bronze. All embossing is in white gold.

As of 2017[update], 2840 people have received the award.[6]

Refusals and controversies See also: List of people who have declined or renounced Indian honours and decorations

Several intended recipients, including sitar player Vilayat Khan,[7] academic and author Mamoni Raisom Goswami,[8] journalist Kanak Sen Deka[9] and noted Bollywood screenwriter Salim Khan, have declined the Padma Shri for various reasons.[10] Some intended recipients, such as environmental activist Sunderlal Bahuguna[11] and English billiards champion Michael Ferreira,[9] have refused the honour but have subsequently accepted a more prestigious one such as the Padma Bhushan or Padma Vibhushan. Other individuals, such as author Phanishwar Nath 'Renu',[12] Punjabi author Dalip Kaur Tiwana[13] and noted poet Jayanta Mahapatra,[14] have returned the honour after initially accepting it.

Awards by decade
  • List of Padma Shri award recipients (1954–1959)
  • List of Padma Shri award recipients (1960–1969)
  • List of Padma Shri award recipients (1970–1979)
  • List of Padma Shri award recipients (1980–1989)
  • List of Padma Shri award recipients (1990–1999)
  • List of Padma Shri award recipients (2000–2009)
  • List of Padma Shri award recipients (2010–2019)
See also
  • List of recipients of the Padma Shri in sports
References
  1. ^ a b "Precedence Of Medals". Website. Indian Army. Retrieved 9 September 2014..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "Padma award's schema" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  3. ^ "Padma's Easy Slim Zone | Vrinda Gopinath". Outlookindia.com. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Advani backs Merchant on Padma awards selection criticism". The Times of India. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Padma Awards Online Nomination". padmaawards.gov.in.
  6. ^ "Previous awardees". Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  7. ^ Kaminsky, Arnold P.; Long, Roger D. (2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 411. ISBN 978-0-313-37462-3. Archived from the original on 21 September 2017.
  8. ^ "Artistes' angst". The Hindu. 19 January 2003. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Refusal question mark on awards". The Telegraph - India. 28 January 2005. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Salim Khan declines to receive Padma Shri". The Indian Express. 27 January 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  11. ^ "Noted activist Sunderlal Bahuguna turns 90". The Pioneer. 10 January 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Punjabi writer Tiwana to return Padma Shri". The Tribune. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  14. ^ "Jayanta Mahapatra returns Padma Shri protesting 'intolerance'". The Hindustan Times. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Padma Shri. .mw-parser-output .portal{border:solid #aaa 1px;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .portal.tleft{margin:0.5em 1em 0.5em 0}.mw-parser-output .portal.tright{margin:0.5em 0 0.5em 1em}.mw-parser-output .portal>ul{display:table;box-sizing:border-box;padding:0.1em;max-width:175px;background:#f9f9f9;font-size:85%;line-height:110%;font-style:italic;font-weight:bold}.mw-parser-output .portal>ul>li{display:table-row}.mw-parser-output .portal>ul>li>span:first-child{display:table-cell;padding:0.2em;vertical-align:middle;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .portal>ul>li>span:last-child{display:table-cell;padding:0.2em 0.2em 0.2em 0.3em;vertical-align:middle}
  • India portal
  • Official website
  • "Awards & Medals". Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 14 September 2015. Archived from the original on 7 October 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  • "MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS (Public Section) Padma Awards Directory (1954-2017)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2017.
  • v
  • t
  • e
Padma Shri awards
  • 1954–1959
  • 1960–1969
  • 1970–1979
  • 1980–1989
  • 1990–1999
  • 2000–2009
  • 2010–2019
  • v
  • t
  • e
Orders, decorations, and medals of IndiaCivilianNational
  • Bharat Ratna
  • Padma Vibhushan
  • Padma Bhushan
  • Padma Shri
Children
  • National Bravery Award
  • National Child Award for Exceptional Achievement
  • National Bal Shree Honour
Women
  • Nari Shakti Puraskar
Police
  • President's Police Medal for Gallantry
  • Police Medal for Gallantry
Central
  • Ganga Sharan Award
  • George Grierson Award
  • Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan Award
  • Moturi Satyanarayan Award
  • National Award for Child Welfare
  • Subramanya Bharathi Award
By fieldLiterature
  • Sahitya Akademi Fellowship
  • Sahitya Akademi Award
Cinema
  • Dadasaheb Phalke Award
  • National Film Awards
Other arts
  • Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship
  • Sangeet Natak Akademi Award
  • Lalit Kala Akademi Fellowship
Sports
  • Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna
  • Arjuna Award
  • Dronacharya Award
  • Dhyan Chand Award
Science &
Technology
  • Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize
  • Kalinga Prize
  • Aryabhata Award
Gallantry
  • Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak
  • Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak
  • Jeevan Raksha Padak
Medical
  • Dr. B. C. Roy Award
International
  • Gandhi Peace Prize
  • Indira Gandhi Peace Prize
  • Tagore Award for Cultural Harmony
MilitaryWartime
  • Param Vir Chakra
  • Maha Vir Chakra
  • Vir Chakra
Peacetime
  • Ashoka Chakra
  • Kirti Chakra
  • Shaurya Chakra
Distinguished
Service & Gallantry
  • Sena Medal
    • Army
  • Nau Sena Medal
    • Navy
  • Vayu Sena Medal
    • Air Force
Wartime
  • Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal
  • Uttam Yudh Seva Medal
  • Yudh Seva Medal
Peacetime
  • Param Vishisht Seva Medal
  • Ati Vishisht Seva Medal
  • Vishisht Seva Medal
Service and
campaign medals
  • Wound Medal
  • General Service Medal 1947
  • Samanya Seva Medal
  • Special Service Medal
  • Samar Seva Star
  • Poorvi Star
  • Paschimi Star
  • Operation Vijay Star
  • Siachen Glacier Medal
  • Raksha Medal
  • Sangram Medal
  • Operation Vijay Medal
  • Operation Parakram Medal
  • Sainya Seva Medal
  • High Altitude Service Medal
  • Videsh Seva Medal
Long service awards
  • Meritorious Service Medal
  • Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
  • 30 Years Long Service Medal
  • 20 Years Long Service Medal
  • 9 Years Long Service Medal
  • Territorial Army Decoration
  • Territorial Army Medal
Independence Awards
  • Indian Independence Medal
  • 50th Independence Anniversary Medal
  • 25th Independence Anniversary Medal
Other Awards
  • Mention in Dispatches
  • Commendation Card


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