Percoco
Percoco
 
Search
Percoco
Custom Search
Percoco
 
 
 
 
Accelerated Mobile Pages
Percoco
Home Page

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
 
 
Go Back

Smartphone









Free the Animation VR / AR
Play to reveal 3D images and 3D models!
 
Android app on Google Play
 
vlrPhone / vlrFilter
Project of very low consumption, radiation and bitrate softphones, with the support of the spatial audio, of the frequency shifts and of the ultrasonic communications / Multifunction Audio Filter with Remote Control!



 

Vectors and 3D Models

City Images, Travel Images, Safe Images

Howto - How To - Illustrated Answers

 

Abraham Lincoln (1920 statue)
and the sculptor was familiar with sign language. Historian James A. Percoco has observed that, although there are no extant documents showing that

View Wikipedia Article

Not to be confused with Abraham Lincoln (1912 statue). This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Abraham Lincoln Artist Daniel Chester French Year 1920 Type Georgia marble (Murphy Marble) Location Lincoln Memorial,
Washington, D.C., United States

Abraham Lincoln (1920) is a colossal seated figure of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865) sculpted by Daniel Chester French (1850–1931) and carved by the Piccirilli Brothers. It is situated in the Lincoln Memorial (constructed 1914–22), on the National Mall, Washington, D.C., USA, and was unveiled in 1922. Stylistically, the work follows in the Beaux Arts and American Renaissance traditions.

Contents
  • 1 Description
  • 2 History
  • 3 Folklore
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Description

The 170-ton statue is composed of 28 blocks of white Georgia marble (Georgia Marble Company) and rises 30 feet (9.1 m) from the floor, including the 19-foot (5.8 m) seated figure (with armchair and footrest) upon an 11-foot (3.4 m) high pedestal. The figure of Lincoln gazes directly ahead and slightly down with an expression of gravity and solemnity. His frock coat is unbuttoned, and a large United States flag is draped over the chair back and sides. French paid special attention to Lincoln's expressive hands, which rest on the enormous arms of a circular, ceremonial chair, the fronts of which bear fasces, emblems of authority from Roman antiquity. French used casts of his own fingers to achieve the correct placement.

History

Daniel Chester French was selected in 1914 by the Lincoln Memorial Committee to create a Lincoln statue as part of the memorial to be designed by architect Henry Bacon (1866–1924). French was already famous for his Minute Man (1884) statue in Concord, Massachusetts. He was also the personal choice of Bacon who had already been collaborating with him for nearly 25 years. French resigned his chairmanship of the Fine Arts Commission in Washington, D.C.—a group closely affiliated with the memorial's design and creation—and commenced work in December.

French had already created (1909–1912) a major memorial statue of Lincoln—this one standing—for the Nebraska State Capitol (Abraham Lincoln, 1912) in Lincoln, Nebraska. His previous studies of Lincoln—which included biographies, photographs, and a life mask of Lincoln by Leonard Volk done in 1860—had prepared him for the challenging task of the larger statue. For the national memorial, he and Bacon decided that a large seated figure would be most appropriate. French started with a small clay study and subsequently created several plaster models, each time making subtle changes in the figure's pose or setting. He placed the President not in an ordinary 19th-century seat, but in a classical chair including fasces, a Roman symbol of authority, to convey that the subject was an eminence for all the ages.

Installation of the statue in 1920

Three plaster models of the Lincoln statue are at French's Chesterwood Studio, a National Trust Historic Site in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, including a plaster sketch (1915) and a six-foot plaster model (1916). The second of French's plasters, created at Chesterwood in the summer of 1916 (inscribed October 31) would be further enlarged and finally became the basis of the colossal marble. The work was originally to have been a 12-foot (3.7 m) bronze image. To determine the optimum scale and size for the memorial statue French and Bacon took photographic enlargements of the statue to the memorial while it was still under construction. French's longtime collaborators, the firm of Piccirilli Brothers, were commissioned to do the carving of a much larger sculpture in marble from a quarry near Tate, Georgia.

It took a full year for French's design to be transferred to the massive marble blocks. French provided finishing strokes in the carvers' studio in New York City and after the statue was assembled in the memorial on the National Mall in 1920. Lighting the statue was a particular problem. In creating the work, French had understood that a large skylight would provide direct, natural illumination from overhead, but this was not included in the final plans. The horizontal light from the east caused Lincoln's facial features to appear flattened—making him appear to stare blankly, rather than wear a dignified expression—and highlighted his shins. French considered this a disaster. In the end, an arrangement of electric lights was devised to correct this situation. The work was unveiled at the memorial's formal dedication on May 30, 1922.

Folklore General Robert E. Lee's profile is purported to be hidden in Lincoln's hair, facing backwards.

A legend is that Lincoln is shown using sign language to represent his initials, with his left hand shaped to form an "A" and his right hand to form an "L". The National Park Service denies the story, calling it an urban legend. However, historian Gerald Prokopowicz writes that, while it is not clear that sculptor Daniel Chester French intended for Lincoln's hands to be formed into sign language versions of his initials, it is possible that French did intend it, because he was familiar with American Sign Language, and he would have had a reason to do so, i.e., to pay tribute to Lincoln for having signed the federal legislation giving Gallaudet University, a university for the deaf, the authority to grant college degrees. The National Geographic Society's publication, On This Spot: Pinpointing the Past in Washington, D.C., states that French had a son who was deaf, and the sculptor was familiar with sign language. Historian James A. Percoco has observed that, although there are no extant documents showing that French carved Lincoln's hands to represent the letters "A" and "L" in American Sign Language, "I think you can conclude that it's reasonable to have that kind of summation about the hands."

See also
  • Outdoor sculpture in Washington, D.C.
References
  1. ^ a b Jacob, Kathryn Allamong (1998), Testament to Union: Civil War Monuments in Washington, D.C., Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, pp 119–125.
  2. ^ a b "Lincoln Memorial National Memorial – Frequently Asked Questions". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. 2008. Archived from the original on 30 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  3. ^ Prokopowicz, Gerald J. Did Lincoln Own Slaves? And Other Frequently Asked Questions About Abraham Lincoln. ISBN 978-0-375-42541-7. 
  4. ^ http://www.handspeak.com/byte/f/index.php?byte=frenchdaniel
  5. ^ Evelyn, Douglas E.; Dickson, Paul A. (1999). On this Spot: Pinpointing the Past in Washington, D.C. National Geographic Society. ISBN 0-7922-7499-7. 
  6. ^ Harrington, Tom (May 2002). "FAQ: Lincoln Memorial Statue". Gallaudet University website. Gallaudet University, Washington D.C. Archived from the original on 2009-01-04. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  7. ^ Percoco, James A., speech given on April 17, 2008 in the Jefferson Room of the National Archives and Records Administration as part of the National Archive's "Noontime Programs" lecture series. archives.gov Broadcast on the C-Span cable television network on April 4 and April 5, 2009.
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abraham Lincoln seated at the Lincoln Memorial.
  • Save Outdoor Sculpture Survey.

Coordinates: 38°53′21″N 77°03′00″W / 38.8893°N 77.050122°W / 38.8893; -77.050122

  • v
  • t
  • e
Landmarks of Washington, D.C. Memorials
  • Adams
  • African American Civil War
  • American Veterans Disabled for Life
  • Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument
  • Mary McLeod Bethune
  • Boy Scout
  • James Buchanan
  • D.C. War
  • Albert Einstein
  • Emancipation
  • John Ericsson
  • First Division
  • James A. Garfield
  • Samuel Gompers
  • Ulysses S. Grant
  • Holocaust Museum
  • Holodomor Genocide
  • Japanese American Patriotism During World War II
  • Jefferson Memorial
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Grove
  • John Paul Jones
  • Marquis de Lafayette
  • Law Enforcement Officers
  • Lincoln Memorial
  • Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Korean War Veterans
  • George Mason
  • George Meade
  • National Statuary Hall Collection
  • Navy – Merchant Marine
  • Nuns of the Battlefield
  • Peace Monument
  • Pentagon
  • Second Division
  • Signers of the Declaration of Independence
  • The Extra Mile
  • The Three Soldiers
  • Jean de Rochambeau
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt
  • Theodore Roosevelt Island
  • Taras Shevchenko
  • Statues of the Liberators
  • Oscar Straus
  • Robert A. Taft
  • Titanic
  • United States Air Force
  • United States Navy
  • Victims of Communism
  • Vietnam Veterans
  • Vietnam Women's
  • Washington Monument
  • Daniel Webster
  • World War II
    • Rainbow Pool
Other
  • Capitol Reflecting Pool
  • Immaculate Conception Basilica
  • Ford's Theatre
    • Petersen House
  • Healy Hall
  • Islamic Center
  • Jefferson Pier
  • John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
  • Library of Congress
  • National Arboretum
  • National Building Museum
  • National Gallery of Art
  • Lincoln's Cottage at Soldiers' Home
  • Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool
  • National Archives
  • Newseum
  • National Cathedral
  • National Mall
  • Old Post Office Pavilion
  • Old Stone House
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • The Arts of War and The Arts of Peace
  • Tidal Basin
  • Treasury Building
  • Tudor Place
  • Union Station
  • United States Capitol
  • United States Supreme Court Building
  • White House
  • Willard Hotel
Parks and plazas
  • Constitution Gardens
  • Dupont Circle
  • East Potomac Park
  • Freedom Plaza
  • Lafayette Square
  • L'Enfant Plaza
  • Meridian Hill Park
  • National Arboretum
  • Pershing Park
  • Rock Creek Park
  • The Ellipse
  • United States Botanic Garden
  • West Potomac Park
Boundaries
  • Anacostia River
  • Arlington Memorial Bridge
  • Boundary Markers of the Original District of Columbia
  • Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
  • Constitution Avenue
  • Francis Scott Key Bridge
  • Pennsylvania Avenue
  • Potomac River
  • Zero Milestone
Planned
  • Adams Memorial
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial
  • General Francis Marion Memorial
  • Gold Star Mothers Monument
  • National Desert Storm and Desert Shield War Memorial
  • National Liberty Memorial
  • Peace Corps Monument
  • World War I
Related
  • National Capital Memorial Advisory Commission
  • National Mall and Memorial Parks
  • List of National Historic Landmarks in Washington, D.C.
  • National Register of Historic Places in Washington, D.C.
Public art in Washington, D.C. (Outdoor sculpture, American Revolution Statuary, Civil War Monuments, commemorating African-Americans)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Memorials to Abraham Lincoln
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site
  • Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial
  • Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial
  • Lincoln's New Salem
  • Lincoln Home National Historic Site
  • Ford's Theatre National Historic Site
  • Lincoln Tomb
  • Lincoln Memorial
    • statue
  • Mount Rushmore
  • Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum
  • Lincoln State Park
  • Abraham Lincoln statue, Washington, D.C.
  • Abraham Lincoln statue, Lincoln, Nebraska
  • Lincoln Log Cabin State Historic Site
  • Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldier's Home
  • Knob Creek Farm
  • Abraham Lincoln: The Man statue
    • Lincoln Park
    • Parliament Square
  • Abraham Lincoln: The Head of State statue
  • Lincoln the Lawyer statue
  • Young Abe Lincoln statue
  • Abraham Lincoln relief
  • Kentucky statue
  • Stamps, currency and coins
  • Cultural depictions
  • v
  • t
  • e
Abraham Lincoln
  • 16th President of the United States (1861–1865)
  • U.S. Representative from Illinois (1847–1849)
Presidency
  • First inauguration
    • Perpetual Union
    • Lincoln Bible
  • Second inauguration
  • Civil War
    • Confiscation Acts
    • President Lincoln's 75,000 volunteers
    • War based income tax
    • Seaports blockade
    • RMS Trent Affair
    • Habeas Corpus suspended
    • Emancipation Proclamation
    • West Virginia statehood
    • Overland Campaign strategy
    • Hampton Roads Conference
    • Tour of Richmond
    • Ten percent plan
    • Reconstruction
  • 13th Amendment abolishing slavery
  • Dakota War of 1862
    • Department of the Northwest
  • Homestead Act of 1862
  • National Banking Acts
  • Thanksgiving Day
  • Birchard Letter
  • Bixby letter
  • National Academy of Sciences
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Pardons
  • State of the Union Address, 1863
  • 1864
  • Cabinet
  • Judicial appointments
  • Assassination
  • Funeral and burial
    • Lincoln Catafalque
Speeches
  • Lyceum address (1838)
  • Peoria speech (1854)
  • "Lost Speech" (1856)
  • House Divided speech (1858)
  • Lincoln-Douglas debates (1858)
  • Cooper Union Address (1860)
  • Farewell Address (1861)
  • First inaugural address (1861)
  • Gettysburg Address (1863
  • event)
  • Second inaugural address (1865)
Life
and views
  • Early life and career
  • Black Hawk War
  • Matson Trial
  • Spot Resolutions
  • Boat lifting patent
  • Hurd v. Rock Island Bridge Co.
  • Baltimore Plot
  • Lincoln's beard
  • Medical and mental health
  • Poetry
  • Religious views
  • Sexuality
  • Slavery
Homes
and places
  • Lincoln Birthplace
    • Knob Creek Farm
  • Lincoln Boyhood Memorial
    • Lincoln State Park
  • Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial
  • Lincoln's New Salem
  • Lincoln Home
  • Lincoln Pioneer Village
  • Little Pigeon Creek Community
  • Cottage at the Soldier's Home
  • Lincoln Bedroom
  • Lincoln Sitting Room
  • Ford's Theatre
  • Petersen House
  • Lincoln Tomb
Elections
  • Republican National Convention, 1856
  • 1860
  • 1864
    • National Union Party
  • United States presidential election, 1860
  • 1864
  • 1860 campaign song
Legacy
  • Presidential Library and Museum
  • Papers
    • Lincoln/Net
  • Bibliography
  • Lincoln Memorial
    • sculpture
    • reflecting pool
  • Mount Rushmore
  • Lincoln's Birthday
  • Lincoln, Nebraska
    • statue
  • Abraham Lincoln (Healy painting)
  • Abraham Lincoln sculpture, Washington D.C.
  • Abraham Lincoln: The Man statue
    • Lincoln Park
  • Abraham Lincoln: The Head of State statue
  • Lincoln Trail State Memorial
  • Lincoln the Lawyer statue
  • Kentucky statue
  • The Peacemakers painting
  • Lincoln Highway
  • Other memorials
  • Photographs
  • Cultural depictions
    • films
    • postage stamps
    • Lincoln penny
    • Illinois Centennial half dollar
    • currency
    • five-dollar bill
    • art
  • Lincoln Prize
  • Abraham Lincoln Association
  • White House ghost
  • Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln
  • Lincoln–Kennedy coincidences
  • Aircraft Carrier USS Abraham Lincoln
Family
  • Family tree
  • Mary Todd Lincoln (wife)
  • Robert Todd Lincoln (son)
  • Edward Baker Lincoln (son)
  • William Wallace Lincoln (son)
  • Thomas "Tad" Lincoln (son)
  • Mary Todd "Mamie" Lincoln (granddaughter)
  • Abraham Lincoln II (grandson)
  • Jessie Lincoln (granddaughter)
  • Thomas Lincoln (father)
  • Nancy Hanks Lincoln (mother)
  • Sarah Bush Lincoln (stepmother)
  • Sarah Lincoln Grigsby (sister)
  • Abraham Lincoln (paternal grandfather)
  • Mordecai Lincoln (paternal uncle)
  • Mary Lincoln Crume (paternal aunt)
  • John Hanks (maternal cousin)
  • Joseph Hanks (great-grandfather)
  • Samuel Lincoln (17th-century ancestor)
  • Mary Lincoln Beckwith (great-granddaughter)
  • Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith (great-grandson)
  • Timothy Lincoln Beckwith (great-great-grandson)
  • Old Bob (horse)
  • ← James Buchanan
  • Andrew Johnson →
  • Book
  • Category
  • Outline


Twitter
 
Facebook
 
LinkedIn
 
 

 
 

WhmSoft Moblog
Copyright (C) 2006-2018 WhmSoft
All Rights Reserved