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Rose
kind of roses are artificially coloured using dyed water, like rainbow roses. Rose perfumes are made from rose oil (also called attar of roses), which

View Wikipedia Article

For other uses, see Rose (disambiguation), Roses (disambiguation), and Rosa.

Rose Rosa rubiginosa Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Rosales Family: Rosaceae Subfamily: Rosoideae Genus: Rosa
L. Species

See List of Rosa species

Synonyms
  • Hulthemia Dumort.
  • ×Hulthemosa Juz. (Hulthemia × Rosa)

A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred species and thousands of cultivars. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles. Flowers vary in size and shape and are usually large and showy, in colours ranging from white through yellows and reds. Most species are native to Asia, with smaller numbers native to Europe, North America, and northwestern Africa. Species, cultivars and hybrids are all widely grown for their beauty and often are fragrant. Roses have acquired cultural significance in many societies. Rose plants range in size from compact, miniature roses, to climbers that can reach seven meters in height. Different species hybridize easily, and this has been used in the development of the wide range of garden roses.[1]

The name rose comes from French, itself from Latin rosa, which was perhaps borrowed from Oscan, from Greek ρόδον rhódon (Aeolic βρόδον wródon), itself borrowed from Old Persian wrd- (wurdi), related to Avestan varəδa, Sogdian ward, Parthian wâr.[2][3]

Contents
  • 1 Botany
    • 1.1 Species
  • 2 Uses
    • 2.1 Ornamental plants
    • 2.2 Cut flowers
    • 2.3 Perfume
    • 2.4 Food and drink
    • 2.5 Medicine
    • 2.6 Culture
      • 2.6.1 Art
      • 2.6.2 Symbolism
  • 3 Pests and diseases
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links
Botany Rose thorns are actually prickles – outgrowths of the epidermis. Rose leaflets Exterior view of rose buds Longitudinal section through a developing rose hip

The leaves are borne alternately on the stem. In most species they are 5 to 15 centimetres (2.0 to 5.9 in) long, pinnate, with (3–) 5–9 (–13) leaflets and basal stipules; the leaflets usually have a serrated margin, and often a few small prickles on the underside of the stem. Most roses are deciduous but a few (particularly from South east Asia) are evergreen or nearly so.

The flowers of most species have five petals, with the exception of Rosa sericea, which usually has only four. Each petal is divided into two distinct lobes and is usually white or pink, though in a few species yellow or red. Beneath the petals are five sepals (or in the case of some Rosa sericea, four). These may be long enough to be visible when viewed from above and appear as green points alternating with the rounded petals. There are multiple superior ovaries that develop into achenes.[4] Roses are insect-pollinated in nature.

The aggregate fruit of the rose is a berry-like structure called a rose hip. Many of the domestic cultivars do not produce hips, as the flowers are so tightly petalled that they do not provide access for pollination. The hips of most species are red, but a few (e.g. Rosa pimpinellifolia) have dark purple to black hips. Each hip comprises an outer fleshy layer, the hypanthium, which contains 5–160 "seeds" (technically dry single-seeded fruits called achenes) embedded in a matrix of fine, but stiff, hairs. Rose hips of some species, especially the dog rose (Rosa canina) and rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa), are very rich in vitamin C, among the richest sources of any plant. The hips are eaten by fruit-eating birds such as thrushes and waxwings, which then disperse the seeds in their droppings. Some birds, particularly finches, also eat the seeds.

While the sharp objects along a rose stem are commonly called "thorns", they are technically prickles—outgrowths of the epidermis (the outer layer of tissue of the stem). (True thorns, as produced by e.g. Citrus or Pyracantha, are modified stems, which always originate at a node and which have nodes and internodes along the length of the thorn itself.) Rose prickles are typically sickle-shaped hooks, which aid the rose in hanging onto other vegetation when growing over it. Some species such as Rosa rugosa and Rosa pimpinellifolia have densely packed straight prickles, probably an adaptation to reduce browsing by animals, but also possibly an adaptation to trap wind-blown sand and so reduce erosion and protect their roots (both of these species grow naturally on coastal sand dunes). Despite the presence of prickles, roses are frequently browsed by deer. A few species of roses have only vestigial prickles that have no points.

Species Further information: List of Rosa species Rosa gallica Evêque, painted by Redouté

The genus Rosa is subdivided into four subgenera:

  • Hulthemia (formerly Simplicifoliae, meaning "with single leaves") containing two species from southwest Asia, Rosa persica and Rosa berberifolia, which are the only roses without compound leaves or stipules.
  • Hesperrhodos (from the Greek for "western rose") contains Rosa minutifolia and Rosa stellata, from North America.
  • Platyrhodon (from the Greek for "flaky rose", referring to flaky bark) with one species from east Asia, Rosa roxburghii (also known as the chestnut rose).
  • Rosa (the type subgenus, sometimes incorrectly called Eurosa) containing all the other roses. This subgenus is subdivided into 11 sections.
    • Banksianae – white and yellow flowered roses from China.
    • Bracteatae – three species, two from China and one from India.
    • Caninae – pink and white flowered species from Asia, Europe and North Africa.
    • Carolinae – white, pink, and bright pink flowered species all from North America.
    • Chinensis – white, pink, yellow, red and mixed-color roses from China and Burma.
    • Gallicanae – pink to crimson and striped flowered roses from western Asia and Europe.
    • Gymnocarpae – one species in western North America (Rosa gymnocarpa), others in east Asia.
    • Laevigatae – a single white flowered species from China.
    • Pimpinellifoliae – white, pink, bright yellow, mauve and striped roses from Asia and Europe.
    • Rosa (syn. sect. Cinnamomeae) – white, pink, lilac, mulberry and red roses from everywhere but North Africa.
    • Synstylae – white, pink, and crimson flowered roses from all areas.
Uses

Roses are best known as ornamental plants grown for their flowers in the garden and sometimes indoors. They have been also used for commercial perfumery and commercial cut flower crops. Some are used as landscape plants, for hedging and for other utilitarian purposes such as game cover and slope stabilization.

Ornamental plants Main article: Garden roses

The majority of ornamental roses are hybrids that were bred for their flowers. A few, mostly species roses are grown for attractive or scented foliage (such as Rosa glauca and Rosa rubiginosa), ornamental thorns (such as Rosa sericea) or for their showy fruit (such as Rosa moyesii).

Ornamental roses have been cultivated for millennia, with the earliest known cultivation known to date from at least 500 BC in Mediterranean countries, Persia, and China.[5] Many thousands of rose hybrids and cultivars have been bred and selected for garden use as flowering plants. Most are double-flowered with many or all of the stamens having mutated into additional petals.

In the early 19th century the Empress Josephine of France patronized the development of rose breeding at her gardens at Malmaison. As long ago as 1840 a collection numbering over one thousand different cultivars, varieties and species was possible when a rosarium was planted by Loddiges nursery for Abney Park Cemetery, an early Victorian garden cemetery and arboretum in England.

Cut flowers Bouquet of pink roses

Roses are a popular crop for both domestic and commercial cut flowers. Generally they are harvested and cut when in bud, and held in refrigerated conditions until ready for display at their point of sale.

In temperate climates, cut roses are often grown in greenhouses, and in warmer countries they may also be grown under cover in order to ensure that the flowers are not damaged by weather and that pest and disease control can be carried out effectively. Significant quantities are grown in some tropical countries, and these are shipped by air to markets across the world.[6]

Some kind of roses are artificially coloured using dyed water, like rainbow roses.

Perfume Main articles: Rose oil and Rose water Geraniol (C
10H
18O)

Rose perfumes are made from rose oil (also called attar of roses), which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling the crushed petals of roses. An associated product is rose water which is used for cooking, cosmetics, medicine and religious practices. The production technique originated in Persia and then spread through Arabia and India, and more recently into eastern Europe. In Bulgaria, Iran and Germany, damask roses (Rosa × damascena 'Trigintipetala') are used. In other parts of the world Rosa × centifolia is commonly used. The oil is transparent pale yellow or yellow-grey in colour. 'Rose Absolute' is solvent-extracted with hexane and produces a darker oil, dark yellow to orange in colour. The weight of oil extracted is about one three-thousandth to one six-thousandth of the weight of the flowers; for example, about two thousand flowers are required to produce one gram of oil.

The main constituents of attar of roses are the fragrant alcohols geraniol and L-citronellol and rose camphor, an odorless solid composed of alkanes, which separates from rose oil.[7] β-Damascenone is also a significant contributor to the scent.

Food and drink Rosa canina hips Rose jams are partially common in Iran

Rose hips are occasionally made into jam, jelly, marmalade, and soup or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content. They are also pressed and filtered to make rose hip syrup. Rose hips are also used to produce rose hip seed oil, which is used in skin products and some makeup products.[8]

Gulab jamun made with rose water

Rose water has a very distinctive flavour and is used heavily in Middle Eastern, Persian, and South Asian cuisine—especially in sweets such as barfi, baklava, halva, gulab jamun, gumdrops, kanafeh, nougat, and Turkish delight.

Rose petals or flower buds are sometimes used to flavour ordinary tea, or combined with other herbs to make herbal teas.

In France, there is much use of rose syrup, most commonly made from an extract of rose petals. In the Indian subcontinent, Rooh Afza, a concentrated squash made with roses, is popular, as are rose-flavoured frozen desserts such as ice cream and kulfi.[9][10]

Rose flowers are used as food, also usually as flavouring or to add their scent to food.[11] Other minor uses include candied rose petals.[12]

Rose creams (rose-flavoured fondant covered in chocolate, often topped with a crystallised rose petal) are a traditional English confectionery widely available from numerous producers in the UK.

Under the American Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act,[13] there are only certain Rosa species, varieties, and parts are on the Generally Recognized as Safe lists.

  • Rose absolute: Rosa alba L., Rosa centifolia L., Rosa damascena Mill., Rosa gallica L., and vars. of these spp.
  • Rose (otto of roses, attar of roses): Ditto
  • Rose buds: Ditto
  • Rose flowers: Ditto
  • Rose fruit (hips): Ditto
  • Rose leaves: Rosa spp.[14]
Medicine

The rose hip, usually from R. canina, is used as a minor source of vitamin C. The fruits of many species have significant levels of vitamins and have been used as a food supplement. Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines. Rosa chinensis has long been used in Chinese traditional medicine. This and other species have been used for stomach problems, and are being investigated for controlling cancer growth.[15] In pre-modern medicine, diarrhodon (Gr διάρροδον, "compound of roses", from ῥόδων, "of roses"[16]) is a name given to various compounds in which red roses are an ingredient.

Culture Art Codex Manesse illuminated with roses, illustrated between 1305 and 1340 in Zürich. It contains love songs in Middle High German

Roses are a favored subject in art and appear in portraits, illustrations, on stamps, as ornaments or as architectural elements. The Luxembourg-born Belgian artist and botanist Pierre-Joseph Redouté is known for his detailed watercolours of flowers, particularly roses.

Henri Fantin-Latour was also a prolific painter of still life, particularly flowers including roses. The rose 'Fantin-Latour' was named after the artist.

Other impressionists including Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne and Pierre-Auguste Renoir have paintings of roses among their works.

Symbolism Further information: Rose (symbolism)

The long cultural history of the rose has led to it being used often as a symbol. They symbolised the Houses of York and Lancaster in a conflict known as the Wars of the Roses.

Pests and diseases Main article: List of pests and diseases of roses

Wild roses are host plants for a number of pests and diseases. Many of these are also shared with other plants, including especially other genera of the Rosaceae.

Cultivated roses are often subject to severe damage from insect, arachnid and fungal pests and diseases. In many cases they cannot be usefully grown without regular treatment to control these problems.

See also
  • ADR rose
  • List of Award of Garden Merit roses
  • List of rose cultivars named after people
  • Rose Hall of Fame
  • Rose (color)
  • Rose garden
  • Rose show
  • Rose trial grounds
References Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rosa. Wikispecies has information related to Rosa Wikiquote has quotations related to: Roses
  1. ^ "rose (plant) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. 2007-11-19. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  2. ^ American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, s.v. "rose."
  3. ^ "GOL – Encyclopaedia Iranica". Iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  4. ^ Mabberley, D.J. (1997). The Plant-Book: A Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  5. ^ Goody, Jack (1993). The Culture of Flowers. Cambridge University Press. 
  6. ^ "ADC Commercialisation bulletin #4: Fresh cut roses" (PDF). FOODNET Uganda 2009. May 14, 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  7. ^ Stewart, D. (2005). The Chemistry Of Essential Oils Made Simple: God's Love Manifest In Molecules. Care. ISBN 978-0-934426-99-2. 
  8. ^ "Rose Hip Benefits". Herbwisdom.com. Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "Rose Flavored Ice Cream with Rose Petals". eCurry. 
  10. ^ Samanth Subramanian (April 27, 2012). "Rooh Afza, the syrup that sweetens the subcontinent's summers". The National. 
  11. ^ "St. Petersburg Times – Google News Archive Search". google.com. 
  12. ^ "rosepetal candy – Google Search". google.co.uk. 
  13. ^ "Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS)". 
  14. ^ "§182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates)". 
  15. ^ "Rosa chinensis China Rose PFAF Plant Database". Pfaf.org. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  16. ^ "dia-". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
External links
  • World Federation of Rose Societies
  •  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Rose". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
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RosesList of Rosa speciesRose cultivars
  • Abraham Darby
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Rose classification
  • Floribunda
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Uses and products
  • Cut flowers
  • Garden roses
  • Rose hip
  • Rose hip seed oil
  • Rose hip soup
  • Rose oil
  • Rose water
ThreatsDiseases
  • Anthracnose
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  • Canker
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Pests
  • Helicotylenchus nannus
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Culture
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  • White House Rose Garden
  • Wohl Rose Park
  • Zakir Hussain Rose Garden
Rose competitions
  • Concours international de roses nouvelles de Bagatelle
Organizations
  • Royal National Rose Society
  • World Federation of Rose Societies
Related articles
  • List of Award of Garden Merit roses
  • List of rose breeders
  • List of rose cultivars named after people
  • Miracle of the roses
  • Roses in Portland, Oregon
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Taxon identifiers
  • Wikidata: Q34687
  • Wikispecies: Rosa
  • APDB: 194483
  • EoL: 29911
  • EPPO: 1ROSG
  • FloraBase: 21507
  • FoC: 128746
  • Fossilworks: 157343
  • GBIF: 3002148
  • GRIN: 10544
  • iNaturalist: 53438
  • IPNI: 34015-1
  • IRMNG: 1333135
  • ITIS: 24807
  • NBN: NHMSYS0000462442
  • NCBI: 3764
  • NZOR: 0f9e6ea5-35e5-41a3-8732-ffb0a962cfa2
  • PLANTS: ROSA5
  • POWO: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:30002432-2
  • Tropicos: 40026937
  • VASCAN: 1627
  • WoRMS: 425714
Authority control
  • GND: 4050536-4
  • LCCN: sh85115443
  • NDL: 00560519


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Benchmark Bouquets Red Roses and White Oriental Lilies, No Vase (Fresh Cut Flowers)
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$34.79



Handmade Preserved Flower Rose, Never Withered Roses, Upscale Immortal Flowers, Eernal Life Flowers for Love Ones, Gift for Valentine's Day, Christmas Eve, Anniversary,Christmas, holiday present
Handmade Preserved Flower Rose, Never Withered Roses, Upscale Immortal Flowers, Eernal Life Flowers for Love Ones, Gift for Valentine's Day, Christmas Eve, Anniversary,Christmas, holiday present
Features: Fresh flower, Ecuador imported flowers. Love Forever, rose only for you. A symbol of love, the true love is especially for you. A good gift, especially for valentines, and it will never die like a real rose. Metal box with retro design make the rose more special. Flower's diameter size: 1.57-1.97 inch Outer box's size: 4.1*4.1*3.5 inch shipping weight(included the outer box):450g Color: Blue, Red, Pink,Purple Red rose--passion for ture love Pink rose-- you're still the only one. Blue rose-- love is pure and sincere. Purple rose--romanti love 、 precious and unique. Produce procedure: First dehydrate, maintain the natural structure and form,preserve Good Features than the real flower: 1. Can keep plants characteristics at long time and not wilt. it will never die like a real rose 2. Can keep for 3 to 5 years. 3. No pollen. Pollen allergy crowd can also be normal enjoy flower. 4. Do not need watering, without day-to-day conservation. How to protect the preserved flower: Keep preserved flower away from direct sunlight ang high and humid temperature,you can enjoy its beauty as long as you can. Dust off by blowing with a hair dryer on the lowest heat setting or use a soft brush to gently brush off the dust. Package included: 1X Immoratal Flowers with metal box 1X outer box Please leave us positive feedback if you are satisfied with our products.Safety WarningOther stores sell not "MFFD" production, they are fake and shoddy products, please note that the quality of their products is not related to "MFFD".

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$20.99



24K Gold Foil Trim Red Artificial Rose Flower Long Stem with Transparent Stand, Best Gift for Valentines Day, Mothers Day, Anniversary, Wedding, Birthday Gift, Treating Yourself (Red)
 24K Gold Foil Trim Red Artificial Rose Flower Long Stem with Transparent Stand, Best Gift for Valentines Day, Mothers Day, Anniversary, Wedding, Birthday Gift, Treating Yourself (Red)
✨ 24K Gold Rose Artificial Flowers, Love Forever Long Stem Gold Foil Trim Red Rose Flower ✨ LUXURY Rose measures 11-12" approximately. Combined the flower theme and the jewelry theme. BEAUTY AND LOVE Each item is a unique work of art that is a stunning symbol of long-lasting friendship, beauty, and love. FEATURES Weighty and sturdy. Elegant romantic long stem rose flower WARRANTY 30-DAY money back & 18-Month Trond warranty & Lifetime satisfaction guarantee. Each rose undergoes a three-month long, 60-step process in order to produce the final magnificent product. We use our very own processes and formulae, beginning with several layers of copper to produce a texture-sensitive base layer that provides the best surface to receive the precious metal coating.During each step of the process, every rose is carefully inspected to ensure that it remains flawless and that its plating quality and form are absolutely perfect. a brilliant appearance that can never corrode, but will retain its stunning elegance for literally thousands of years.The Eternity Rose has now artistically combined these enduring symbols into a prestigious gift that lasts an eternity. Whether she is celebrating a birthday, Valentine's Day, or a wedding anniversary, you can show your loved one how much you care by presenting her with this gorgeous and thoughtful token of appreciation.✨ Amaze the love of your life with the gift of an Eternity Rose, and give them the luxurious token of love they deserve. Specifications: Petal: PVCLeaves: Natural leaf veinPole: Plant flower pole, be Plated with 24K gold. Rose weight: 0.96oz Package weight: 11.68oz Product size (L x W x H): 11.02 x 2.75 x 2.75 In Package size (L x W x H): 12.4 x 4.1 x 3.4 In

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$29.99



DEFAITH 24K Gold Rose Made from Real Fresh Long Stem Rose Flower, Great Anniversary Gifts for Her, Red with Stand
DEFAITH 24K Gold Rose Made from Real Fresh Long Stem Rose Flower, Great Anniversary Gifts for Her, Red with Stand
DeFaith - Exquisite Gifts for your loved one. DeFaith produces nothing but rose gifts. Each rose is selected strictly by senior artisans to ensure every piece is worthy of your loved one. Real Rose Only - No Fake Rose. DeFaith only produces real rose gifts, because we believe only real roses symbolize true love. You can tell it is made from real rose at the first sight of DeFaith Gold Rose - even no two petals are alike. DeFaith is a safe choice to buy real roses that will stand the test. Nice Gift Box and Functional Accessories. Secured onto a sturdy stand (included), the rose is safe and well-positioned to showcase its beauty and luxury. It's accompanied by a certificate card and greeting card, the perfect place for you to tell her what she means to you. For Whom and When. Great gift for wife, girlfriend, mom and grandma, especially suitable for anniversary, Christmas, Valentine's Day, Mother's Day, proposal, engagement, wedding, birthday. 5-Star Customer Service within 8 hours. We are always here for your satisfaction. Any question or feedback will be replied within 8 hours. Just message us!

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$53.99
-$8.00(-15%)



Benchmark Bouquets 2 Dozen Red Roses, No Vase (Fresh Cut Flowers)
Benchmark Bouquets 2 Dozen Red Roses, No Vase (Fresh Cut Flowers)
What Our Rainforest Alliance Certification MeansLess Water PollutionAll sources of contamination (pesticides and fertilizers, sediment, wastewaters, garbage, and fuels) are controlled.Less Soil ErosionFarms implement soil conservation practices such as planting on contours and maintaining ground cover.Reduced Threats to the Environment and Human HealthDangerous pesticides are prohibited. Agrochemical use is strictly regulated. Farmers use mechanical and biological pest controls to reduce toxicity and quantity of chemicals.Wildlife Habitat is ProtectedAs deforestation is stopped, the banks of rivers are protected with buffer zones, critical ecosystems such as wetlands are protected and forest patches on farms are preserved.Less WasteFarm by-products such as un-marketable foliage are composted and returned to the fields as natural fertilizer. Other wastes, such as plastics, glass, and metals are recycled where possible.Less Water UsedWater conservation measures are applied in washing and packing stations, housing areas, and irrigation.More Efficient Farm ManagementThe certification program helps farmers organize, plan, schedule improvements, implement better practices, identify problems, and monitor progress.Improved Conditions for Farm WorkersEnsure that workers get fair wages, decent housing, clean drinking water, sanitary facilities, and a safe and wholesome work area. Workers and their families have access to schools, health care, transportation, and training. Flower Care TipsView largerTips for Longer Lasting FlowersStart with a clean vaseEmpty Chrysal food into the vaseCheck the back of the sachet and add correct amount of waterRemove leaves below water levelCut 2-3cm off the bottom of the stemsArrange in the vaseTop up if necessaryAvoid draughtAvoid direct sunlightDo not place flowers near fruits, avoid Ethylene damageRemove dead or wilting flowers

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$34.50



UniteStone 11 Women for Whom You Loved Pretty Red Rose Nice Girls Unique Gift for Mom
UniteStone 11 Women for Whom You Loved Pretty Red Rose Nice Girls Unique Gift for Mom
Rose is a symbol of love and appreciation.also is a symbol of best wishes. Rose flowers is recognized as best expression language in most occasions, While the red 24K gold foil rose is the best choice in the roses - for eternal love.

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$5.99
-$5.00(-45%)



GlobalRose 50 Red Roses- Real Long Stem Flowers- Beautiful Natural Large Blooms
GlobalRose 50 Red Roses- Real Long Stem Flowers- Beautiful Natural Large Blooms
Perfect Red Roses A box contains 2 bouquets of 25 roses each. Roses are 16"- 18" inches long. Your flowers and roses are shipped absolutely fresh, direct from the greenhouses to you via FedEx. Globalrose sells wholesale flowers and wholesale roses at prices that are usually lower than most local wholesalers. All our flowers and roses are cut specially for you, your loved one or special event (wedding, party, fundraising event, birthday or holiday), 3 days before they are delivered to your door. Color tones for all flowers and roses may vary due to the computer monitor and/or Mother Nature.

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$41.99



Ling's Moment Artificial Flowers 50pcs Real Looking Dark Red Fake Roses W/stem For DIY Wedding Bouquets Centerpieces Arrangements Party Baby Shower Home Decorations
Ling's Moment Artificial Flowers 50pcs Real Looking Dark Red Fake Roses W/stem For DIY Wedding Bouquets Centerpieces Arrangements Party Baby Shower Home Decorations
Ling's moment Artificial Flowers - Foam RosesThese roses are made of soft high quality latex foam which gives them the look of fresh roses. Rose head is approx.3 inches across. Each rose has it's own wire stem which is approx. 8 inches long. The wire stem is thin as you may see from the picture, which makes them very easy to work it. It's easily bent or cut down as you need so they are perfect for making bouquets, centerpieces, kissing balls, boutonnieres, cake flowers or any other flower decorations/arrangements that you want at your wedding, party, baby shower or home.

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$30.99
-$3.00(-10%)



Kabloom The Romantic Classic Bouquet of 12 Fresh Red Roses (Farm-Fresh, Long-Stem)
Kabloom The Romantic Classic Bouquet of 12 Fresh Red Roses (Farm-Fresh, Long-Stem)
A timeless, romantic classic, this bouquet of fresh cut red roses is sure to melt the heart of whoever receives it. The fresh cut bouquet of red roses makes a great gift for Valentine's Day, birthdays, anniversaries, or a decoration for everyday. Amazon Prime Members can enjoy free shipping with free next-day delivery.

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$32.16


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