Ruth Bader Ginsburg
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Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Ruth Bader Ginsburg (/ˈbeɪdər/; born Joan Ruth Bader, March 15, 1933) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Ginsburg was

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Ruth Bader Ginsburg Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
of the United States Incumbent Assumed office
August 5, 1993Nominated by Bill ClintonPreceded by Byron WhiteJudge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit In office
June 30, 1980 – August 9, 1993Nominated by Jimmy CarterPreceded by Harold LeventhalSucceeded by David Tatel Personal detailsBorn Joan Ruth Bader
(1933-03-15) March 15, 1933 (age 85)
New York City, New York, U.S.Spouse(s) Martin Ginsburg
(m. 1954; d. 2010)Children
  • Jane
  • James
Education Cornell University (AB)
Harvard University
Columbia University (JD)Signature

Ruth Bader Ginsburg (/ˈbeɪdər/; born Joan Ruth Bader, March 15, 1933)[1] is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Ginsburg was appointed by President Bill Clinton and took the oath of office on August 10, 1993. She is the second female justice (after Sandra Day O'Connor) of four to be confirmed to the court (along with Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan, who are still serving). Following O'Connor's retirement, and until Sotomayor joined the court, Ginsburg was the only female justice on the Supreme Court. During that time, Ginsburg became more forceful with her dissents, which were noted by legal observers and in popular culture. She is generally viewed as belonging to the liberal wing of the court. Ginsburg has authored notable majority opinions, including United States v. Virginia, Olmstead v. L.C., and Friends of the Earth, Inc. v. Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc.

Ginsburg was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Russian Jewish immigrants. Her older sister died when she was a baby, and her mother, one of her biggest sources of encouragement, died shortly before Ginsburg graduated from high school. She then earned her bachelor's degree at Cornell University, and was a wife and mother before starting law school at Harvard, where she was one of the few women in her class. Ginsburg transferred to Columbia Law School, where she graduated tied for first in her class.

Following law school, Ginsburg turned to academia. She was a professor at Rutgers School of Law and Columbia Law School, teaching civil procedure as one of the few women in her field. Ginsburg spent a considerable part of her legal career as an advocate for the advancement of gender equality and women's rights, winning multiple victories arguing before the Supreme Court. She advocated as a volunteer lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Union and was a member of its board of directors and one of its general counsels in the 1970s. In 1980, President Jimmy Carter appointed her to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, where she served until her appointment to the Supreme Court.

Contents
  • 1 Early life and education
  • 2 Early career
    • 2.1 Academia
    • 2.2 Litigation and advocacy
  • 3 Judicial career
    • 3.1 U.S. Court of Appeals
    • 3.2 Supreme Court
      • 3.2.1 Nomination and confirmation
      • 3.2.2 Supreme Court jurisprudence
        • 3.2.2.1 Abortion
        • 3.2.2.2 Gender discrimination
        • 3.2.2.3 Search and seizure
        • 3.2.2.4 International law
    • 3.3 Notable cases
    • 3.4 Other activities
  • 4 Personal life
    • 4.1 Health
  • 5 Future plans
  • 6 Recognition
  • 7 In popular culture
  • 8 See also
  • 9 Notes
  • 10 References
  • 11 Further reading
  • 12 External links
Early life and education

Joan Ruth Bader was born on March 15, 1933 in Brooklyn, New York, the second daughter of Celia (née Amster) and Nathan Bader, who lived in the Flatbush neighborhood. Her father was a Jewish emigrant from Odessa (Ukraine), then in the Russian Empire, and her mother was born in New York, to Austrian Jewish parents.[2][3][4] The Baders' older daughter Marylin died of meningitis at age six, when Ruth was 14 months old.[1]:3[5][6] The family called Joan Ruth "Kiki", a nickname Marylin had given her for being "a kicky baby".[1]:3[7] When "Kiki" started school, Celia discovered that her daughter's class had several other girls named Joan, so Celia suggested that the teacher call her daughter "Ruth" to avoid confusion.[1]:3 Although not devout, the Bader family belonged to East Midwood Jewish Center, a Conservative synagogue, where Ruth learned tenets of the Jewish faith and gained familiarity with the Hebrew language.[1]:14–15 At age 13, Ruth acted as the "camp rabbi" at a Jewish summer program at Camp Che-Na-Wah in Minerva, New York.[7]

Celia took an active role in her daughter's education, often taking her to the library.[7] Celia had been a good student in her youth, graduating from high school at age 15, yet she could not further her own education because her family instead chose to send her brother to college. Celia wanted her daughter to get more education, which she thought would allow Ruth to become a high school history teacher.[8] Ruth attended James Madison High School, whose law program later dedicated a courtroom in her honor. Celia struggled with cancer throughout Ruth's high school years and died the day before Ruth's high school graduation.[7]

Bader attended Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, where she was a member of Alpha Epsilon Phi.[9] While at Cornell, she met Martin D. Ginsburg at age 17.[8] She graduated from Cornell with a bachelor of arts degree in government on June 23, 1954. She was a member of Phi Beta Kappa and the highest-ranking female student in her graduating class.[9][10] Bader married Ginsburg a month after her graduation from Cornell. She followed her new husband to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where he was stationed as a Reserve Officers' Training Corps officer in the Army Reserve after his call-up to active duty.[8][11][10] At age 21, she worked for the Social Security Administration office in Oklahoma, where she was demoted after becoming pregnant with her first child.[6] She gave birth to a daughter in 1955.[6]

In the fall of 1956, Ginsburg enrolled at Harvard Law School, where she was one of only nine women in a class of about 500 men.[12][13] The Dean of Harvard Law reportedly asked the female law students, including Ginsburg, "How do you justify taking a spot from a qualified man?"[8] When her husband took a job in New York City, Ginsburg transferred to Columbia Law School and became the first woman to be on two major law reviews: the Harvard Law Review and Columbia Law Review. In 1959, she earned her juris doctor at Columbia and tied for first in her class.[7][14]

Early career

At the start of her legal career, Ginsburg encountered difficulty in finding employment.[15][16][17] In 1960, Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter rejected Ginsburg for a clerkship position due to her gender. She was rejected despite a strong recommendation from Albert Martin Sacks, who was a professor and later dean of Harvard Law School.[18][19][a] Columbia Law Professor Gerald Gunther also pushed for Judge Edmund L. Palmieri of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York to hire Ginsburg as a law clerk, threatening to never recommend another Columbia student to Palmieri if he did not give Ginsburg the opportunity and guaranteeing to provide the judge with a replacement clerk should Ginsburg not succeed.[6][7][20] Later that year, Ginsburg began her clerkship for Judge Palmieri, and she held the position for two years.[6][7]

Academia

From 1961 to 1963, Ginsburg was a research associate and then an associate director of the Columbia Law School Project on International Procedure; she learned Swedish to co-author a book with Anders Bruzelius on civil procedure in Sweden.[21][22] Ginsburg conducted extensive research for her book at Lund University in Sweden.[23] Ginsburg's time in Sweden also influenced her thinking on gender equality. She was inspired when she observed the changes in Sweden, where women were 20 to 25 percent of all law students; one of the judges whom Ginsburg watched for her research was eight months pregnant and still working.[8]

Her first position as a professor was at Rutgers School of Law in 1963.[24] The appointment was not without its drawbacks; Ginsburg was informed she would be paid less than her male colleagues because she had a husband with a well-paid job.[17] At the time Ginsburg entered academia, she was one of fewer than 20 female law professors in the United States.[24] She was a professor of law, mainly civil procedure, at Rutgers from 1963 to 1972, receiving tenure from the school in 1969.[25][26]

In 1970, she co-founded the Women's Rights Law Reporter, the first law journal in the U.S. to focus exclusively on women's rights.[27] From 1972 to 1980, she taught at Columbia, where she became the first tenured woman and co-authored the first law school casebook on sex discrimination.[26] She also spent a year as a fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University from 1977 to 1978.[28]

Litigation and advocacy Ginsburg in 1977, photographed by Lynn Gilbert.

In 1972, Ginsburg co-founded the Women's Rights Project at the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and, in 1973, she became the ACLU's general counsel.[10] The Women's Rights Project and related ACLU projects participated in over 300 gender discrimination cases by 1974. As the director of the ACLU's Women's Rights Project, she argued six gender discrimination cases before the Supreme Court between 1973 and 1976, winning five.[18] Rather than asking the court to end all gender discrimination at once, Ginsburg charted a strategic course, taking aim at specific discriminatory statutes and building on each successive victory. She chose plaintiffs carefully, at times picking male plaintiffs to demonstrate that gender discrimination was harmful to both men and women.[26][18] The laws Ginsburg targeted included those that on the surface appeared beneficial to women, but in fact reinforced the notion that women needed to be dependent on men.[18] Her strategic advocacy extended to word choice, favoring the use of "gender" instead of "sex", after her secretary suggested the word "sex" would serve as a distraction to judges.[26] She attained a reputation as a skilled oral advocate and her work led directly to the end of gender discrimination in many areas of the law.[29]

Ginsburg volunteered to write the brief for Reed v. Reed, 404 U.S. 71 (1971), in which the Supreme Court extended the protections of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to women.[26][30][b] She argued and won Frontiero v. Richardson, 411 U.S. 677 (1973), which challenged a statute making it more difficult for a female service member to claim an increased housing allowance for her husband than for a male service member seeking the same allowance for his wife. Ginsburg argued that the statute treated women as inferior, and the Supreme Court ruled 8–1 in her favor.[18] The court again ruled in Ginsburg's favor in Weinberger v. Wiesenfeld, 420 U.S. 636 (1975), where Ginsburg represented a widower denied survivor benefits under Social Security, which permitted widows but not widowers to collect special benefits while caring for minor children. She argued that the statute discriminated against male survivors of workers by denying them the same protection as their female counterparts.[32] Ginsburg filed an amicus brief and sat with counsel at oral argument for Craig v. Boren, 429 U.S. 190 (1976), which challenged an Oklahoma statute that set different minimum drinking ages for men and women.[18][32] For the first time, the court imposed what is known as intermediate scrutiny on laws discriminating based on gender, a heightened standard of Constitutional review.[18][32][33] Her last case as a lawyer before the Supreme Court was 1978's Duren v. Missouri, 439 U.S. 357 (1979), which challenged the validity of voluntary jury duty for women, on the ground that participation in jury duty was a citizen's vital governmental service and therefore should not be optional for women. At the end of Ginsburg's oral argument, then-Associate Justice William Rehnquist asked Ginsburg, "You won't settle for putting Susan B. Anthony on the new dollar, then?"[34] Ginsburg said she considered responding, "We won't settle for tokens", but instead opted not to answer the question.[34]

Legal scholars and advocates credit Ginsburg's body of work with making significant legal advances for women under the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution.[26][18] Taken together, Ginsburg's legal victories discouraged legislatures from treating women and men differently under the law.[26][18][32] She continued to work on the ACLU's Women's Rights Project until her appointment to the Federal Bench in 1980.[26] Later, colleague Antonin Scalia praised Ginsburg's skills as an advocate, "she became the leading (and very successful) litigator on behalf of women's rights—the Thurgood Marshall of that cause, so to speak".[35][c]

Judicial career U.S. Court of Appeals

Ginsburg was nominated by President Jimmy Carter on April 14, 1980, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit vacated by Judge Harold Leventhal after his death.[25] She was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 18, 1980, and received her commission later that day.[25] Her service terminated on August 9, 1993, due to her elevation to the United States Supreme Court.[25][36][37] During her time as a judge on the DC Circuit, Ginsburg often found consensus with her colleagues including conservatives Robert H. Bork and Antonin Scalia.[38][39] Her time on the court earned her a reputation as a "cautious jurist" and a moderate.[40] David S. Tatel replaced her after Ginsburg's appointment to the Supreme Court.[41]

Supreme Court Nomination and confirmation Ginsburg officially accepts the nomination from President Bill Clinton on June 14, 1993.

President Bill Clinton nominated her as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court on June 14, 1993, to fill the seat vacated by retiring Justice Byron White. Ginsburg was recommended to Clinton by then-U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno[14] after a suggestion by Utah Republican Senator Orrin Hatch.[42] At the time of her nomination, Ginsburg was viewed as a moderate. Clinton was reportedly looking to increase the court's diversity, which Ginsburg did as the first Jewish justice since the 1969 resignation of Justice Abe Fortas, the first-ever female Jewish justice, and the second female justice.[40][43][44] She eventually became the longest-serving Jewish justice ever.[45] The American Bar Association's Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary rated Ginsburg as "well qualified", its highest possible rating for a prospective justice.[46]

During her subsequent testimony before the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee as part of the confirmation hearings, she refused to answer questions about her view on the constitutionality of some issues such as the death penalty as it was an issue that she might have to vote on if it came before the court.[47]

Chief Justice William Rehnquist swears-in Ginsburg as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court as President Clinton watches.

At the same time, Ginsburg did answer questions about some potentially controversial issues. For instance, she affirmed her belief in a constitutional right to privacy and explained at some length her personal judicial philosophy and thoughts regarding gender equality.[48]:15–16 Ginsburg was more forthright in discussing her views on topics about which she had previously written.[47] The United States Senate confirmed her by a 96 to 3 vote on August 3, 1993,[d][25] she received her commission on August 5, 1993,[25] and she took her judicial oath on August 10, 1993.[50]

Ginsburg's name was later invoked during the confirmation process of John Roberts. Ginsburg herself was not the first nominee to avoid answering certain specific questions before Congress,[e] and as a young lawyer in 1981 Roberts had advised against Supreme Court nominees giving specific responses.[51] Nevertheless, some conservative commentators and Senators invoked the phrase "Ginsburg precedent" to defend his demurrers.[46][51] In a September 28, 2005 speech at Wake Forest University, Ginsburg said that Roberts' refusal to answer questions during his Senate confirmation hearings on some cases was "unquestionably right".[52]

Supreme Court jurisprudence

Ginsburg characterizes her performance on the court as a cautious approach to adjudication.[53] She argued in a speech shortly before her nomination to the court that "easured motions seem to me right, in the main, for constitutional as well as common law adjudication. Doctrinal limbs too swiftly shaped, experience teaches, may prove unstable."[54] Legal scholar Cass Sunstein has characterized Ginsburg as a "rational minimalist", a jurist who seeks to build cautiously on precedent rather than pushing the Constitution towards her own vision.[55]:10–11

From left to right: Sandra Day O'Connor; Sonia Sotomayor; Ginsburg; and Elena Kagan. (October 1, 2010).

The retirement of Justice Sandra Day O'Connor in 2006 left Ginsburg as the only woman on the court.[56][f] Linda Greenhouse of The New York Times referred to the subsequent 2006–2007 term of the court as "the time when Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg found her voice, and used it".[58] The term also marked the first time in Ginsburg's history with the court where she read multiple dissents from the bench, a tactic employed to signal more intense disagreement with the majority.[58]

With the retirement of Justice John Paul Stevens, Ginsburg became the senior member of what is sometimes referred to as the court's "liberal wing".[26][59][60] When the court splits 5–4 along ideological lines and the liberal justices are in the minority, Ginsburg often has the authority to assign authorship of the dissenting opinion because of her seniority.[59][g] Ginsburg has been a proponent of the liberal dissenters speaking "with one voice" and, where practicable, presenting a unified approach to which all of the dissenting justices can agree.[26][59]

Abortion

Ginsburg discussed her views on abortion and sexual equality in a 2009 New York Times interview, in which she said about abortion that "he basic thing is that the government has no business making that choice for a woman".[62] Although Ginsburg has consistently supported abortion rights and joined in the court's opinion striking down Nebraska's partial-birth abortion law in Stenberg v. Carhart 530 U.S. 914 (2000), on the 40th anniversary of the court's ruling in Roe v. Wade 410 U.S. 113 (1973), she criticized the decision in Roe as terminating a nascent democratic movement to liberalize abortion laws which might have built a more durable consensus in support of abortion rights.[63] Ginsburg was in the minority for Gonzales v. Carhart, 550 U.S. 124 (2007), a 5–4 decision upholding restrictions on partial birth abortion. In her dissent, Ginsburg opposed the majority's decision to defer to legislative findings that the procedure was not safe for women. Ginsburg focused her ire on the way Congress reached its findings and with the veracity of the findings.[64] Joining the majority for Whole Woman's Health v. Hellerstedt, 579 U.S. 15-274 (2016), a case which struck down parts of a 2013 Texas law regulating abortion providers, Ginsburg also authored a short concurring opinion which was even more critical of the legislation at issue.[65] She asserted the legislation was not aimed at protecting women's health, as Texas had claimed, but rather to impede women's access to abortions.[64][65]

Gender discrimination

Ginsburg authored the court's opinion in United States v. Virginia, 518 U.S. 515 (1996), which struck down the Virginia Military Institute's (VMI) male-only admissions policy as violating the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. VMI was a prestigious, state-run, military-inspired institution that did not admit women. For Ginsburg, a state actor such as VMI could not use gender to deny women the opportunity to attend VMI with its unique educational methods.[66] Ginsburg emphasized that the government must show an "exceedingly persuasive justification" to use a classification based on sex.[67]

Commissioned portrait of Ginsburg in 2000

Ginsburg dissented in the court's decision on Ledbetter v. Goodyear, 550 U.S. 618 (2007), a case where plaintiff Lilly Ledbetter filed a lawsuit against her employer claiming pay discrimination based on her gender under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In a 5–4 decision, the majority interpreted the statute of limitations as starting to run at the time of every pay period, even if a woman did not know she was being paid less than her male colleague until later. Ginsburg found the result absurd, pointing out that women often do not know they are being paid less, and therefore it was unfair to expect them to act at the time of each paycheck. She also called attention to the reluctance women may have in male-dominated fields to making waves by filing lawsuits over small amounts, choosing instead to wait until the disparity accumulates.[68] As part of her dissent, Ginsburg called on Congress to amend Title VII to undo the court's decision with legislation.[69] Following the election of President Barack Obama in 2008, the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, making it easier for employees to win pay discrimination claims, became law.[70][71] Ginsburg was credited with helping to inspire the law.[69][71]

Search and seizure

Although Ginsburg did not author the majority opinion, she was credited with influencing her colleagues on the case Safford Unified School District v. Redding, 557 U.S. 364 (2009).[72] The court ruled that a school went too far in ordering a 13-year-old female student to strip to her bra and underpants so that female officials could search for drugs.[72] In an interview published prior to the court's decision, Ginsburg shared her view that some of her colleagues did not fully appreciate the effect of a strip search on a 13-year-old girl. As she pointed out, "They have never been a 13-year-old girl."[73] In an 8–1 decision, the court agreed that the school's search went too far and violated the Fourth Amendment and allowed the student's lawsuit against the school to go forward. Only Ginsburg and Stevens would have allowed the student to sue individual school officials as well.[72]

In Herring v. United States, 555 U.S. 135 (2009), Ginsburg dissented to the court's decision not to suppress evidence due to a police officer's failure to update a computer system. In contrast to Roberts' emphasis on suppression as a means to deter police misconduct, Ginsburg took a more robust view on the use of suppression as a remedy for a violation of a defendant's Fourth Amendment rights. Ginsburg viewed suppression as a way to prevent the government from profiting from mistakes, and therefore as a remedy to preserve judicial integrity and respect civil rights.[74]:308 She also rejected Roberts' assertion that suppression would not deter mistakes, contending making police pay a high price for mistakes would encourage them to take greater care.[74]:309

International law

Ginsburg has also advocated the use of foreign law and norms to shape U.S. law in judicial opinions; this was a view that was not shared by some of her conservative colleagues. Ginsburg supports using of foreign interpretations of law for the persuasive value and possible wisdom, not as precedent which the court is bound to follow.[75] Ginsburg has expressed the view that looking to international law is well-ingrained in tradition in American law, counting John Henry Wigmore and President John Adams as internationalists.[76] Ginsburg's own reliance on international law dates back to her time as an attorney; during her first argument before the court, 1971's Reed v. Reed, she cited two German cases.[77] In her concurring opinion in Grutter v. Bollinger 539 U.S. 306 (2003), a decision upholding Michigan Law School's affirmative action admissions policy, Ginsburg noted there was accord between the notion that affirmative action admissions policies would have an end point and agrees with international treaties designed to combat racial and gender based discrimination.[76]

Notable cases
  • United States v. Virginia, 518 U.S. 515 (1996) Court Opinion
  • United States v. O'Hagan, 521 U.S. 642 (1997) Court Opinion
  • Olmstead v. L.C., 527 U.S. 581 (1999) Court Opinion
  • Friends of the Earth, Inc. v. Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc., 528 U.S. 167 (2000) Court Opinion
  • Bush v. Gore, 531 U.S. 98 (2000) Dissenting
  • Eldred v. Ashcroft, 537 U.S. 186 (2003) Court Opinion
  • Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Saudi Basic Industries Corp., 544 U.S. 280 (2005) Court Opinion
  • Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., 550 U.S. 618 (2007) Dissenting
  • Gonzales v. Carhart, 550 U.S. 124 (2007) Dissenting
  • Ricci v. DeStefano, 557 U.S. 557 (2009) Dissenting
  • National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius 567 U.S. ___ (2012) Court Opinion
  • Burwell v. Hobby Lobby, 573 U.S. ___ (2014) Dissenting
Other activities Portrait of Ginsburg

At his request, Ginsburg administered Vice President Al Gore's oath of office to a second term during the second presidential inauguration of Bill Clinton on January 20, 1997.[78] She was the third woman to administer an inaugural oath of office.[79] Ginsburg is believed to be the first Supreme Court justice to officiate a same sex-wedding, performing the August 31, 2013, ceremony of Kennedy Center President Michael Kaiser and John Roberts, a government economist.[80] Earlier that summer, the court had bolstered same-sex marriage rights in two separate cases.[81][82] Ginsburg believed the issue being settled led same-sex couples to ask her to officiate as there was no longer the fear of compromising rulings on the issue.[81]

The Supreme Court bar formerly inscribed its certificates "in the year of our Lord", which some Orthodox Jews opposed, and asked Ginsburg to object to. She did so, and due to her objection, Supreme Court bar members have since been given other choices of how to inscribe the year on their certificates.[83]

Despite their ideological differences, Ginsburg considered Scalia her closest colleague on the court. The two justices often dined and attended the opera together.[84] In her spare time, Ginsburg has appeared in several operas in non-speaking supernumerary roles such as Die Fledermaus (2003) and Ariadne auf Naxos (1994 with Scalia, and 2009), and spoke lines penned by herself in The Daughter of the Regiment (2016).[85]

In January 2012, Ginsburg went to Egypt for four days of discussions with judges, law school faculty, law school students, and legal experts.[86][87] In an interview with Alhayat TV, she stated that the first requirement of a new constitution should be that it would "safeguard basic fundamental human rights like our First Amendment". Asked if Egypt should model its new constitution on those of other nations, she said Egypt should be "aided by all Constitution-writing that has gone on since the end of World War II", she cited the U.S. Constitution and Constitution of South Africa as documents she might look to if drafting a new constitution. She said the U.S. was fortunate to have a constitution authored by "very wise" men but pointed out that in the 1780s, no women were able to participate directly in the process, and slavery still existed in the U.S.[88]

During three separate interviews that were conducted in July 2016, Ginsburg criticized presumptive Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump, telling The New York Times and the Associated Press that she did not want to think about the possibility of a Trump presidency. She joked that she might consider moving to New Zealand.[89][90] She later apologized for commenting on the presumptive Republican nominee, calling her remarks "ill advised".[91]

Ginsburg's first book, My Own Words published by Simon & Schuster, was released October 4, 2016.[92] The book debuted on the New York Times Best Seller List for hardcover nonfiction at No. 12.[93] While promoting her book in October 2016 during an interview with Katie Couric, Ginsburg responded to a question about Colin Kaepernick choosing not to stand for the National Anthem at sporting events calling the protest "really dumb". She later apologized for her criticism calling her earlier comments "inappropriately dismissive and harsh" and noting she had not been familiar with the incident and should have declined to respond to the question.[94][95][96]

In 2018, Ginsburg expressed her support for the #MeToo movement, which encourages women to speak up about their experiences with sexual harassment.[97] She told an audience, "It's about time. For so long women were silent, thinking there was nothing you could do about it, but now the law is on the side of women, or men, who encounter harassment and that's a good thing."[97] She also reflected on her own experiences with gender discrimination and sexual harassment, including a time when a chemistry professor at Cornell unsuccessfully attempted to trade her exam answers for sex.[97]

Personal life

A few days after Bader graduated from Cornell, she married Martin D. Ginsburg, who later became an internationally prominent tax lawyer. Upon her accession to the D.C. Circuit, the couple moved from New York to Washington, D.C., where her husband became professor of law at Georgetown University Law Center. Their daughter Jane Ginsburg (b. 1955) is a professor at Columbia Law School. Their son James Steven Ginsburg (b. 1965) is the founder and president of Cedille Records, a classical-music recording company based in Chicago, Illinois. Ginsburg is a grandmother of four.[98]

After the birth of their daughter, her husband was diagnosed with testicular cancer. During this period, Ginsburg attended class and took notes for both of them, typed her husband's dictated papers and cared for their daughter and her sick husband—all while making the Harvard Law Review. They celebrated their 56th wedding anniversary on June 23, 2010. Martin Ginsburg died of complications from metastatic cancer on June 27, 2010.[99] They spoke publicly of being in a shared earning/shared parenting marriage including in a speech Martin Ginsburg wrote and had intended to give before his death that Ruth Bader Ginsburg delivered posthumously.[100]

Although Bader was raised in a Jewish home, she became non-observant when she was excluded from the minyan for mourners after the death of her mother. There was a "house full of women", but Bader, as a woman, was excluded. Orthodox Judaism requires that 10 Jewish men (over the age of 13) be present for a minyan, and women are excluded from being counted. She notes that her attitude might be different, following her attendance at a bat mitzvah ceremony in a more liberal stream of Judaism where the rabbi and cantor were both women.[101] In March 2015, Ginsburg and Rabbi Lauren Holtzblatt released "The Heroic and Visionary Women of Passover", an essay highlighting the roles of five key women in the saga: "These women had a vision leading out of the darkness shrouding their world. They were women of action, prepared to defy authority to make their vision a reality bathed in the light of the day."[102] In addition, she decorates her chambers with an artist's rendering of the Hebrew phrase from Deuteronomy, "Zedek, zedek, tirdof", ("Justice, justice shall you pursue") as a reminder of her heritage and professional responsibility.[103]

Ginsburg has a collection of lace jabots from around the world.[104][105] She stated in 2014 that she has a particular jabot that she wears when issuing her dissents (black with gold embroidery and faceted stones) as well as another she wears when issuing majority opinions (crocheted yellow and cream with crystals), which was a gift from her law clerks.[104][105] Her favorite jabot (woven with white beads) is from Cape Town, South Africa.[104]

Health

In 1999, Ginsburg was diagnosed with colon cancer; she underwent surgery that was followed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy. During the process, she did not miss a day on the bench.[106] Ginsburg was physically weakened by the cancer treatment, and she began working with a personal trainer. Since 1999, Bryant Johnson, a former Army reservist attached to the Special Forces, has trained Ginsburg twice weekly in the justices-only gym at the Supreme Court.[107][108] In spite of her small stature, Ginsburg saw her physical fitness improve since her first bout with cancer; she was able to complete 20 full push-ups in a session before her 80th birthday.[107][109]

On February 5, 2009, she again underwent surgery, this time for pancreatic cancer.[110][111] Ginsburg had a tumor that was discovered at an early stage.[110] She was released from a New York City hospital on February 13 and returned to the bench when the Supreme Court went back into session on February 23, 2009.[112][113][114] On September 24, 2009, Ginsburg was hospitalized in Washington DC for lightheadedness following an outpatient treatment for iron deficiency and was released the following day.[115]

On November 26, 2014, she had a stent placed in her right coronary artery after experiencing discomfort while exercising in the Supreme Court gym with her personal trainer.[116][117]

Future plans

When John Paul Stevens retired in 2010, Ginsburg became the oldest justice on the court at age 77.[118] Despite rumors that she would retire because of advancing age, poor health, and the death of her husband,[119][120] she denied she was planning to step down. In an August 2010 interview, Ginsburg stated that her work on the court was helping her cope with the death of her husband. She also suggested that she would serve at least until a painting that used to hang in her office was returned to her in 2012.[118] She also expressed a wish to emulate Justice Louis Brandeis' service of nearly 23 years, which she achieved in April 2016.[118][121] She stated she has a new "model" to emulate in former colleague Justice John Paul Stevens, who retired at age 90 after nearly 35 years on the bench.[121]

During the Obama presidency, some progressive lawyers and activists called for Ginsburg to retire so that Obama would be able to appoint a like-minded successor,[122][123][124] particularly while the Democratic Party held control of the U.S. Senate.[125] They pointed to Ginsburg's age and past health issues as factors making her longevity uncertain.[123] Ginsburg rejected these pleas.[59] She affirmed her wish to remain a justice as long as she was mentally sharp enough to perform her duties.[59] Moreover, Ginsburg opined that the political climate would prevent Obama from appointing a jurist like herself.[126]

Recognition

Ginsburg has been named one of 100 Most Powerful Women (2009),[127] one of Glamour magazine's 'Women of the Year 2012,'[128] and one of Time magazine's 100 most influential people (2015).[129] She has been awarded honorary Doctor of Laws degrees by Willamette University (2009),[130] Princeton University (2010),[131] and Harvard University (2011).[132]

In 2013, a painting featuring the four female justices to have served as justices on the Supreme Court (Ginsburg, Sandra Day O'Connor, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan) was unveiled at the Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.[133][134] According to the Smithsonian at the time, the painting was on loan to the museum for three years.[133]

Researchers at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History gave a species of praying mantis the name Ilomantis ginsburgae after Ginsburg. The name was given because the neck plate of the Ilomantis ginsburgae bears a resemblance to a jabot, which Ginsburg is known for wearing. Moreover, the new species was identified based upon the female insect's genitalia instead of based upon the male of the species. The researchers noted that the name was a nod to Ginsburg's fight for gender equality.[135][136]

In popular culture

Ginsburg has been referred to as a "pop culture icon".[137][138] Ginsburg's profile began to rise after O'Connor's retirement in 2006 left Ginsburg as the only serving female justice. Her increasingly fiery dissents particularly in Shelby County v. Holder 570 U.S. 2 (2013) led to the creation of the Notorious R.B.G. Tumblr and meme comparing the justice to rapper The Notorious B.I.G.[139] The creator of the Notorious R.B.G. Tumblr, then-law student Shana Knizhnik, teamed up with MSNBC reporter Irin Carmon to turn the blog into a book titled Notorious RBG: The Life and Times of Ruth Bader Ginsburg.[140] Released in October 2015, the book became a New York Times bestseller.[141] Additionally, Ginsburg's pop culture appeal has inspired nail art, Halloween costumes, a bobblehead doll, tattoos, t-shirts, coffee mugs, and a children's coloring book among other things.[140][142][143][144] She appears in both a comic opera and a workout book.[144] Ginsburg has admitted to having a "large supply" of Notorious R.B.G. t-shirts, which she distributes as gifts.[145]

Since 2015, Ginsburg has been portrayed by Kate McKinnon on Saturday Night Live.[146] McKinnon has repeatedly reprised the role, including during a Weekend Update sketch that aired from the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland.[147][148] The segments typically feature McKinnon-as-Ginsburg lobbing insults she calls "Ginsburns" and doing a celebratory dance.[149][150] Filmmakers Betsy West and Julie Cohen created a documentary about Ginsburg, titled RBG, for CNN Films, which premiered at the 2018 Sundance Film Festival.[151][20] In the film Deadpool 2 (2018), a photo of her is shown as Deadpool considers her for his X-Force, a team of superheroes.[152] Another film, On the Basis of Sex, focusing on Ginsburg's career struggles fighting for equal rights, is set for a later 2018 release; its screenplay was named to the Black List of best unproduced screenplays of 2014.[153] English actress Felicity Jones will portray Ginsburg in the film, with Armie Hammer as her husband Marty.[154]

See also
  • Bill Clinton U.S. Supreme Court candidates
  • Demographics of the U.S. Supreme Court
  • List of Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court
  • List of law clerks of the U.S. Supreme Court
  • List of U.S. Supreme Court cases during the Rehnquist Court
  • List of U.S. Supreme Court cases during the Roberts Court
  • List of U.S. Supreme Court Justices by time in office
  • List of Jewish United States Supreme Court justices
Notes
  1. ^ According to Ginsburg, Justice William O. Douglas hired the first female Supreme Court clerk in 1944, and the second female law clerk was not hired until 1966.[15]
  2. ^ Ginsburg listed Dorothy Kenyon and Pauli Murray as co-authors on the brief in recognition of their contributions to feminist legal argument.[31]
  3. ^ Janet Benshoof, the president of the Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, made a similar comparison between Ginsburg and Marshall in 1993.[18]
  4. ^ The three negative votes came from Don Nickles (R-Oklahoma), Bob Smith (R-New Hampshire) and Jesse Helms (R-North Carolina), while Donald W. Riegle Jr. (D-Michigan) did not vote.[49]
  5. ^ Felix Frankfurter was the first nominee to answer questions before Congress in 1939.[51] The issue of how much nominees are expected to answer arose during hearings for O'Connor and Scalia.[51]
  6. ^ Ginsburg remained the only female justice on the court until Sotomayor was sworn in on August 7, 2009.[57]
  7. ^ The 2018 case of Sessions v. Dimaya marked the first time Ginsurg was able to assign a majority opinion, when Justice Neil Gorsuch voted with the liberal wing. Ginsburg assigned the opinion to Justice Elena Kagan.[61]
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  140. ^ a b Bazelon, Emily (December 4, 2015). "Notorious RBG: The Life and Times of Ruth Bader Ginsburg'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 22, 2016. 
  141. ^ Carmon, Irin; Knizhnik, Shana (October 27, 2015). Notorious RBG: The Life and Times of Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Dey Street Books. ISBN 978-0062415837. 
  142. ^ Reynolds, Eileen (July 30, 2014). "How An 81-Year-Old Supreme Court Justice Became An Unlikely Pop Culture Icon". Business Insider. Retrieved December 22, 2016. 
  143. ^ O'Leary, Tom F. (February 16, 2016). The Ruth Bader Ginsburg Coloring Book: A Tribute to the Always Colorful and Often Inspiring Life of the Supreme Court Justice Known as RBG. S.l.: Gumdrop Press. ISBN 978-0692644782. 
  144. ^ a b "How Ruth Bader Ginsburg became a meme – and why that's so surprising". Press Herald. 2018-06-03. Retrieved 2018-06-10. 
  145. ^ Miller, Zeke J. (October 19, 2014). "Ruth Bader Ginsburg Says She Has Quite a Large Supply of Notorious RBG Shirts". TIME.com. Retrieved December 22, 2016. 
  146. ^ Lavender, Paige (May 4, 2015). "'Ruth Bader Ginsburg' Brings The Sass On SNL". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 4, 2015. 
  147. ^ Mallenbaum, Carly (July 21, 2016). "'Kate McKinnon showed up as Ruth Bader Ginsburg at the RNC". USA Today. Retrieved July 21, 2016. 
  148. ^ de Vogue, Ariane (October 12, 2016). "Ginsburg on Kaepernick protests: 'I think it's dumb and disrespectful'". CNN. Retrieved December 8, 2016. 
  149. ^ Hoffman, Ashley (July 21, 2016). "Kate McKinnon's Ruth Bader Ginsburg Back to Own Donald Trump". TIME.com. Retrieved December 8, 2016. 
  150. ^ Getlen, Larry (February 17, 2016). "SNL Cast Evaluation: Kate McKinnon Is the Show's Undisputed MVP". Decider. Retrieved December 8, 2016. 
  151. ^ Sperling, Nicole (January 21, 2018). "Ruth Bader Ginsburg Wows Celebrity-Packed Crowd at Sundance Film Festival". HWD. Retrieved January 22, 2018. 
  152. ^ "Ninja Supreme Court Justice: Ruth Bader Ginsburg Has Fun With Fame". May 9, 2018 – via NYTimes.com. 
  153. ^ Bloom, David; Yamato, Jen (December 15, 2014). "Blacklist 2014: Full List – Update". Deadline. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  154. ^ McNary, Dave (July 18, 2017). "Felicity Jones to Star as Ruth Bader Ginsburg in Biopic 'On the Basis of Sex'". Variety. Retrieved September 17, 2017. 
Further reading
  • Bayer, Linda N. Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2000. ISBN 978-0791052877 OCLC 42771306
  • Campbell, Amy Leigh, and Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Raising the Bar: Ruth Bader Ginsburg and the ACLU Women's Rights Project. Princeton, NJ: Xlibris Corporation, 2003. ISBN 978-1413427417 OCLC 56980906
  • Clinton, Bill. My Life. New York: Vintage Books, 2005. pp. 524–25, 941. ISBN 978-1400043934 OCLC 233703142
  • Garner, Bryan A. Garner on Language and Writing. Chicago: American Bar Association, 2009. Forward by Ruth Bader Ginsburg. ISBN 978-1590315880 OCLC 310224965
  • Moritz College of Law. 2009. "The Jurisprudence of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg: A Discussion of Fifteen Years on the U.S. Supreme Court: Symposium". Ohio State Law Journal. 70, no. 4: 797–1126. ISSN 0048-1572 OCLC 676694369
  • Ginsburg, Ruth Bader, et al. Essays in Honor of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Law School, 2013. OCLC 839314921
  • Carmon, Irin, and Shana Knizhnik. Notorious RBG: The Life and Times of Ruth Bader Ginsburg. New York, Dey Street, William Morrow Publishers, 2015. ISBN 978-0062415837 OCLC 913957624
  • Dodson, Scott. The Legacy of Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. ISBN 978-1107062467 OCLC 897881843
  • Hirshman, Linda R. Sisters in Law: How Sandra Day O'Connor and Ruth Bader Ginsburg Went to the Supreme Court and Changed the World. New York: HarperCollins, 2015. ISBN 978-0062238481 OCLC 907678612
External links Find more aboutRuth Bader Ginsburgat Wikipedia's sister projects
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  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg papers at the Library of Congress OCLC 70984211
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg at Ballotpedia
  • Issue positions and quotes at OnTheIssues
  • Voices on Antisemitism: Interview with Ruth Bader Ginsburg from the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg, video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
  • Supreme Court Associate Justice Nomination Hearings on Ruth Bader Ginsburg in July 1993 United States Government Publishing Office
Legal offices Preceded by
Harold Leventhal Judge of the United States Court of Appeals
for the District of Columbia Circuit

1980–1993 Succeeded by
David Tatel Preceded by
Byron White Associate Justice of the
Supreme Court of the United States

1993–present Incumbent Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial) Preceded by
Clarence Thomas
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2002
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2003
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2009
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2010–20192011
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2013
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2015
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2017
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  • v
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Judicial opinions of Ruth Bader GinsburgU.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit (1980–1993); by calendar year
  • 1980
  • 1981
  • 1982
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  • 1984
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Justices of the Supreme Court of the United StatesChief Justice
  • Jay
  • J. Rutledge
  • Ellsworth
  • J. Marshall
  • Taney
  • S. P. Chase
  • Waite
  • Fuller
  • E. White
  • Taft
  • Hughes
  • Stone
  • Vinson
  • Warren
  • Burger
  • Rehnquist
  • J. Roberts
Seat 1
  • J. Rutledge
  • T. Johnson
  • Paterson
  • Livingston
  • Thompson
  • Nelson
  • Hunt
  • Blatchford
  • E. White
  • Van Devanter
  • Black
  • Powell
  • Kennedy
Seat 2
  • Cushing
  • Story
  • Woodbury
  • Curtis
  • Clifford
  • Gray
  • Holmes
  • Cardozo
  • Frankfurter
  • Goldberg
  • Fortas
  • Blackmun
  • Breyer
Seat 3
  • Wilson
  • Washington
  • Baldwin
  • Grier
  • Strong
  • Woods
  • L. Lamar
  • H. Jackson
  • Peckham
  • Lurton
  • McReynolds
  • Byrnes
  • W. Rutledge
  • Minton
  • Brennan
  • Souter
  • Sotomayor
Seat 4
  • Blair
  • S. Chase
  • Duvall
  • Barbour
  • Daniel
  • Miller
  • Brown
  • Moody
  • J. Lamar
  • Brandeis
  • Douglas
  • Stevens
  • Kagan
Seat 5
  • Iredell
  • Moore
  • W. Johnson
  • Wayne
Seat 6
  • Todd
  • Trimble
  • McLean
  • Swayne
  • Matthews
  • Brewer
  • Hughes
  • Clarke
  • Sutherland
  • Reed
  • Whittaker
  • B. White
  • Ginsburg
Seat 7
  • Catron
Seat 8
  • McKinley
  • Campbell
  • Davis
  • Harlan
  • Pitney
  • Sanford
  • O. Roberts
  • Burton
  • Stewart
  • O'Connor
  • Alito
Seat 9
  • Field
  • McKenna
  • Stone
  • R. Jackson
  • Harlan II
  • Rehnquist
  • Scalia
  • Gorsuch
Seat 10
  • Bradley
  • Shiras
  • Day
  • Butler
  • Murphy
  • Clark
  • T. Marshall
  • Thomas
Note: Seats 5 and 7 are defunct  Supreme Court of the United States The Rehnquist Court Chief Justice: William Rehnquist (1986–2005) 1993–1994:
  • H. Blackmun
  • J. P. Stevens
  • S. D. O'Connor
  • A. Scalia
  • A. Kennedy
  • D. Souter
  • C. Thomas
  • R. B. Ginsburg
1994–2005:
  • J. P. Stevens
  • S. D. O'Connor
  • A. Scalia
  • A. Kennedy
  • D. Souter
  • C. Thomas
  • R. B. Ginsburg
  • S. Breyer
The Roberts Court Chief Justice: John Roberts (2005–present) 2005–2006:
  • J. P. Stevens
  • S. D. O'Connor
  • A. Scalia
  • A. Kennedy
  • D. Souter
  • C. Thomas
  • R. B. Ginsburg
  • S. Breyer
2006–2009:
  • J. P. Stevens
  • A. Scalia
  • A. Kennedy
  • D. Souter
  • C. Thomas
  • R. B. Ginsburg
  • S. Breyer
  • S. Alito
2009–2010:
  • J. P. Stevens
  • A. Scalia
  • A. Kennedy
  • C. Thomas
  • R. B. Ginsburg
  • S. Breyer
  • S. Alito
  • S. Sotomayor
2010–2016:
  • A. Scalia
  • A. Kennedy
  • C. Thomas
  • R. B. Ginsburg
  • S. Breyer
  • S. Alito
  • S. Sotomayor
  • E. Kagan
2017–2018:
  • A. Kennedy
  • C. Thomas
  • R. B. Ginsburg
  • S. Breyer
  • S. Alito
  • S. Sotomayor
  • E. Kagan
  • N. Gorsuch
2018–present:
  • C. Thomas
  • R. B. Ginsburg
  • S. Breyer
  • S. Alito
  • S. Sotomayor
  • E. Kagan
  • N. Gorsuch
Authority control
  • WorldCat Identities
  • BIBSYS: 1459181431528
  • CiNii: DA02008455
  • GND: 137177283
  • ISNI: 0000 0000 8158 0991
  • LCCN: n50029918
  • NARA: 10582948
  • NKC: jo2017965662
  • SNAC: w6db86dw
  • SUDOC: 104526513
  • VIAF: 262011391


My Own Words
My Own Words
The first book from Ruth Bader Ginsburg since becoming a Supreme Court Justice in 1993—a witty, engaging, serious, and playful collection of writings and speeches from the woman who has had a powerful and enduring influence on law, women’s rights, and popular culture.My Own Words offers Justice Ginsburg on wide-ranging topics, including gender equality, the workways of the Supreme Court, being Jewish, law and lawyers in opera, and the value of looking beyond US shores when interpreting the US Constitution. Throughout her life Justice Ginsburg has been (and continues to be) a prolific writer and public speaker. This book’s sampling is selected by Justice Ginsburg and her authorized biographers Mary Hartnett and Wendy W. Williams. Justice Ginsburg has written an introduction to the book, and Hartnett and Williams introduce each chapter, giving biographical context and quotes gleaned from hundreds of interviews they have conducted. This is a fascinating glimpse into the life of one of America’s most influential women.

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$17.99
-$12.01(-40%)



Notorious RBG: The Life and Times of Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Notorious RBG: The Life and Times of Ruth Bader Ginsburg
NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLERFeatured in the critically acclaimed documentary RBG“The authors make this unassuming, most studious woman come pulsing to life. . . . Notorious RBG may be a playful project, but it asks to be read seriously. . . . That I responded so personally to it is a testimony to [its] storytelling and panache.”— Jennifer Senior, New York TimesSupreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg never asked for fame—she has only tried to make the world a little better and a little freer.But nearly a half-century into her career, something funny happened to the octogenarian: she won the internet. Across America, people who weren’t even born when Ginsburg first made her name as a feminist pioneer are tattooing themselves with her face, setting her famously searing dissents to music, and making viral videos in tribute.Notorious RBG, inspired by the Tumblr that amused the Justice herself and brought to you by its founder and an award-winning feminist journalist, is more than just a love letter. It draws on intimate access to Ginsburg's family members, close friends, colleagues, and clerks, as well an interview with the Justice herself. An original hybrid of reported narrative, annotated dissents, rare archival photos and documents, and illustrations, the book tells a never-before-told story of an unusual and transformative woman who transcends generational divides. As the country struggles with the unfinished business of gender equality and civil rights, Ginsburg stands as a testament to how far we can come with a little chutzpah.

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$12.95
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RBG Dissent Mug - Ruth Bader Ginsburg Mug 15 oz Deluxe Large Double-Sided Mug
RBG Dissent Mug - Ruth Bader Ginsburg Mug 15 oz Deluxe Large Double-Sided Mug
Artisan Owl designed "Dissent" mug. A large 15 oz and double sided printing. Safe for microwave and dishwasher with a large, easy to grip handle.

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$13.75



The RBG Workout: How She Stays Strong . . . and You Can Too!
The RBG Workout: How She Stays Strong . . . and You Can Too!
A fun, fully illustrated exercise book that details Ruth Bader Ginsburg's workout, written by her trainer.Have you ever wondered what keeps Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, one of the Supreme Court’s favorite octogenarians, so sprightly? She owes it in part to the twice-weekly workouts she does with her personal trainer, Bryant Johnson, a man she's called “the most important person” in her life. Now you too can work out with Justice Ginsburg’s trainer in the comfort of your home with The RBG Workout. From planks to squats to (full) push-ups, this simple but challenging workout—illustrated with four-color illustrations of the justice in workout gear—will have you getting fit in no time. With tips from the bench, and sidebars with Bryant’s folksy wisdom on getting fit and staying healthy, this delightful book is a perfect gift for anyone looking to emulate one of America’s most admired women.

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$8.11
-$6.88(-46%)



I Dissent: Ruth Bader Ginsburg Makes Her Mark
I Dissent: Ruth Bader Ginsburg Makes Her Mark
Get to know celebrated Supreme Court justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg—in the first picture book about her life—as she proves that disagreeing does not make you disagreeable!Supreme Court justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg has spent a lifetime disagreeing: disagreeing with inequality, arguing against unfair treatment, and standing up for what’s right for people everywhere. This biographical picture book about the Notorious RBG, tells the justice’s story through the lens of her many famous dissents, or disagreements.

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$12.22
-$6.77(-36%)



NOTORIOUS R.B.G. Funny Progressive, Liberal Ruther Bader Ginsburg Unisex T-shirt-Adult (M, Black)
NOTORIOUS R.B.G. Funny Progressive, Liberal Ruther Bader Ginsburg Unisex T-shirt-Adult (M, Black)
A unisex t-shirt with a professionally applied screen print celebrating the biggest badassin American jurisprudence..

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$10.95



Ruth Bader Ginsburg: A Life
Ruth Bader Ginsburg: A Life
The first full life—private, public, legal, philosophical—of the 107th Supreme Court Justice, one of the most profound and profoundly transformative legal minds of our time; a book fifteen years in work, written with the cooperation of Ruth Bader Ginsburg herself and based on many interviews with the justice, her husband, her children, her friends, and her associates.In this large, comprehensive, revelatory biography, Jane De Hart explores the central experiences that crucially shaped Ginsburg’s passion for justice, her advocacy for gender equality, her meticulous jurisprudence: her desire to make We the People more united and our union more perfect. At the heart of her story and abiding beliefs—her Jewish background. Tikkun olam, the Hebrew injunction to “repair the world,” with its profound meaning for a young girl who grew up during the Holocaust and World War II. We see the influence of her mother, Celia Amster Bader, whose intellect inspired her daughter’s feminism, insisting that Ruth become independent, as she witnessed her mother coping with terminal cervical cancer (Celia died the day before Ruth, at seventeen, graduated from high school).     From Ruth’s days as a baton twirler at Brooklyn’s James Madison High School, to Cornell University, Harvard and Columbia Law Schools (first in her class), to being a law professor at Rutgers University (one of the few women in the field and fighting pay discrimination), hiding her second pregnancy so as not to risk losing her job; founding the Women's Rights Law Reporter, writing the brief for the first case that persuaded the Supreme Court to strike down a sex-discriminatory state law, then at Columbia (the law school’s first tenured female professor); becoming the director of the women’s rights project of the ACLU, persuading the Supreme Court in a series of decisions to ban laws that denied women full citizenship status with men.      Her years on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, deciding cases the way she played golf, as she, left-handed, played with right-handed clubs—aiming left, swinging right, hitting down the middle. Her years on the Supreme Court . . .      A pioneering life and legal career whose profound mark on American jurisprudence, on American society, on our American character and spirit, will reverberate deep into the twenty-first century and beyond.

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$22.48
-$12.52(-36%)



Ruth Bader Ginsburg: The Case of R.B.G. vs. Inequality
Ruth Bader Ginsburg: The Case of R.B.G. vs. Inequality
A New York Times/New York Public Library Best Illustrated Children's Book of 20172018 ALA Notable Children's Book2018 Parents' Choice Gold Medal2018 Notable Social Studies Trade Book for Young People2018 Amelia Bloomer List selectionILA 2018 Teachers' Choice Reading List selectionA 2018 Bank Street Best Children's Book of the Year   To become the first female Jewish Supreme Court Justice, the unsinkable Ruth Bader Ginsburg had to overcome countless injustices. Growing up in Brooklyn in the 1930s and '40s, Ginsburg was discouraged from working by her father, who thought a woman's place was in the home. Regardless, she went to Cornell University, where men outnumbered women four to one. There, she met her husband, Martin Ginsburg, and found her calling as a lawyer. Despite discrimination against Jews, females, and working mothers, Ginsburg went on to become Columbia Law School's first tenured female professor, a judge for the US Court of Appeals, and finally, a Supreme Court Justice.   Structured as a court case in which the reader is presented with evidence of the injustice that Ginsburg faced, Ruth Bader Ginsburg is the true story of how one of America's most "notorious" women bravely persevered to become the remarkable symbol of justice she is today.

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-$7.96(-42%)



LookHUMAN Ruth Bader Ginsburg on a Unicorn White 11 Ounce Ceramic Coffee Mug
LookHUMAN Ruth Bader Ginsburg on a Unicorn White 11 Ounce Ceramic Coffee Mug
This beautiful unicorn coffee mug features illustrations of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg riding on the back of her magical steed. Show your love for the Notorious RGB and all she stands for with this fun of Ruth Bader Ginsburg coffee mug.

Click Here to view in augmented reality

$11.99


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