Sakurai
Sakurai
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Sakurai, Nara
Sakurai (桜井市, Sakurai-shi) is a city located in Nara Prefecture, Japan. As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 58,386, and 24,629

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"Sakurai" redirects here. For the surname, see Sakurai (surname). City in Kansai, Japan Sakurai
.mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}桜井市 City View of Omiwa Shrine, one of the sightseeing spots in Sakurai
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Location of Sakurai in Nara Prefecture Sakurai  Coordinates: 34°31′N 135°51′E / 34.517°N 135.850°E / 34.517; 135.850Coordinates: 34°31′N 135°51′E / 34.517°N 135.850°E / 34.517; 135.850Country  JapanRegion KansaiPrefecture Nara PrefectureGovernment • Mayor Akira HasegawaArea • Total 98.92 km2 (38.19 sq mi)Population (March 31, 2017) • Total 58,386 • Density 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)Postal code(s) 633-8585- Tree Cryptomeria- Flower Prunus jamasakuraPhone number 0744-42-9111Address 432-1 Ōaza Ōdono
633-8585Website City of Sakurai

Sakurai (桜井市, Sakurai-shi) is a city located in Nara Prefecture, Japan.

As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 58,386, and 24,629 households.[1] The population density is 590 persons per km², and the total area is 98.92 km².[2]

Contents
  • 1 History
  • 2 Famous places
  • 3 Transportation
    • 3.1 Rail
    • 3.2 Road
  • 4 Sister cities
    • 4.1 In Japan
    • 4.2 Outside Japan
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links
History

Sakurai was briefly the capital of Japan during the reign of Emperor Yūryaku.[3] The life of the Imperial court was centered at Hatsuse no Asakura Palace where the emperor lived in 457–479.[4] Other emperors also built palaces in the area, including

  • Iware no Mikakuri Palace, 480–484[4] in reign of Emperor Seinei[5]
  • Nimiki Palace, 499–506 in reign of Emperor Buretsu[6]
  • Iware no Tamaho Palace, 526–532[4] in reign of Emperor Keitai[7]
  • Hinokuma no Iorino Palace, 535-539[4] in reign of Emperor Senka[8]
  • Osata no Sakitama Palace or Osada no Miya, 572–585[9] in reign of Emperor Bidatsu[10]

The modern city was founded on September 1, 1956.

Sakurai is home to Ōmiwa Shrine, traditionally considered one of the oldest Shinto shrines in Japan dedicated to the god of sake. Sake dealers across Japan often hang a wooden sugi ball, made at Ōmiwa Shrine, as a talisman to the god of sake. It was featured in Yukio Mishima's novel Runaway Horses.

Famous places
  • Buddhist temples
    • Miwasanbyōdō-ji
    • Hase-dera
    • Asuka-dera
    • Tachibana-dera
    • Abe Monju-in
    • Seirin-ji
  • Shinto shrines
    • Ōmiwa Shrine
    • Tanzan Shrine
    • Kasayamakō Shrine
    • Tamatsura Shrine
Transportation Rail
  • West Japan Railway Company
    • Sakurai Line (Man-yō Mahoroba Line): Makimuku Station - Miwa Station - Sakurai Station
  • Kintetsu Railway
    • Osaka Line: Daifuku Station - Sakurai Station - Yamato-Asakura Station - Hasedera Station
Road
  • Japan National Route 165
  • Japan National Route 166
  • Japan National Route 169
Sister cities In Japan
  • Kumano, Mie
  • Taisha, Shimane
Outside Japan
  • Chartres, France.
References
  1. ^ "Official website of Sakurai city" (in Japanese). Japan: Sakurai City. Retrieved 23 April 2017..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "面積および地勢" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan: Sakurai City. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  3. ^ Ponsonby-Fane. (1915). The Imperial Family of Japan, p. 13.
  4. ^ a b c d Koch, W. (1904). Japan; Geschichte nach japanischen Quellen und ethnographische Skizzen. Mit einem Stammbaum des Kaisers von Japan, p. 13.
  5. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 14; excerpt, "Mikaguri Palace"
  6. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 15.
  7. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 16.
  8. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 17.
  9. ^ Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 262-263; excerpt, "... palace was Osada no Miya of Iware in the province of Yamato."
  10. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 18.
External links

Media related to Sakurai, Nara at Wikimedia Commons

  • Sakurai City official website (in Japanese) at the Library of Congress Web Archives (archived 2002-09-14)
  • Sakurai City official website (in English)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Nara PrefectureNara (capital)Core city
  • Nara
Cities
  • Gojō
  • Gose
  • Ikoma
  • Kashiba
  • Kashihara
  • Katsuragi
  • Sakurai
  • Tenri
  • Uda
  • Yamatokōriyama
  • Yamatotakada
Districts
  • Ikoma District
    • Ando
    • Ikaruga
    • Heguri
    • Sangō
  • Kitakatsuragi District
    • Ōji
    • Kawai
    • Kanmaki
    • Kōryō
  • Shiki District
    • Kawanishi
    • Miyake
    • Tawaramoto
  • Takaichi District
    • Asuka
    • Takatori
  • Uda District
    • Mitsue
    • Soni
  • Yamabe District
    • Yamazoe
  • Yoshino District
    • Higashiyoshino
    • Kamikitayama
    • Kawakami
    • Kurotaki
    • Nosegawa
    • Ōyodo
    • Shimoichi
    • Shimokitayama
    • Tenkawa
    • Totsukawa
    • Yoshino
List of mergers in Nara Prefecture Authority control
  • WorldCat Identities
  • GND: 4311957-8
  • NDL: 00366182
  • VIAF: 259326504


This Nara Prefecture location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
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