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Shanksville, Pennsylvania
Shanksville is a borough in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States, with a population of 237, as of the 2010 census. It is part of the Somerset

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Borough in Pennsylvania, United States Shanksville Borough Borough of Shanksville Main Street in Shanksville Etymology: Christian Shank (founder)
Location of Shanksville in Somerset County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States Coordinates: 40°1′2″N 78°54′21″W / 40.01722°N 78.90583°W / 40.01722; -78.90583Coordinates: 40°1′2″N 78°54′21″W / 40.01722°N 78.90583°W / 40.01722; -78.90583Country United StatesState PennsylvaniaCounty Somerset CountyTownship Stonycreek TownshipSettled 1798Incorporated January 25, 1913Area[1] • Total 0.20 sq mi (0.51 km2) • Land 0.20 sq mi (0.51 km2) • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)Population (2010) • Total 237 • Estimate (2016)[2] 228 • Density 1,157.36/sq mi (446.30/km2)Time zone EST (UTC-5) • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)FIPS code 42-69680

Shanksville is a borough in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States, with a population of 237, as of the 2010 census. It is part of the Somerset, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area and is approximately 75 miles southeast from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[3]

Shanksville came to international attention during the September 11 attacks when United Airlines Flight 93 bound for San Francisco crashed in adjacent Stonycreek Township.

Contents
  • 1 Geography
  • 2 Demographics
  • 3 History
    • 3.1 September 11, 2001
  • 4 Education
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links
Geography

Shanksville is located at 40°1′2″N 78°54′21″W / 40.01722°N 78.90583°W / 40.01722; -78.90583 (40.017182, −78.905891),[4] with the borough covering 0.2 square mile (0.5 km²).

Shanksville has the seventh-highest elevation of boroughs in Pennsylvania, at 2,230 feet (680 m).[5]

Demographics Historical population Census Pop. %± 1920260—19302724.6%194032419.1%19503425.6%1960314−8.2%1970275−12.4%1980273−0.7%1990235−13.9%20002454.3%2010237−3.3%Est. 2016228[2]−3.8%Sources:[6][7][8] Ida's, the town's general store

As of the census of 2000, there were 245 people comprising 96 households and 69 families residing in the borough.[7] The population density was 1,391.9 people per square mile (525.5/km²). There were 100 housing units at an average density of 568.1 per square mile (214.5/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 100.00% White.

There were 96 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $29,980, and the median income for a family was $40,833. Males had a median income of $25,250 versus $22,917 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,500. About 4.8% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under the age of 18 and 12.5% of those 65 or over.

History

Christian Shank, a German immigrant, built a cabin on Stony Creek in 1798, later building a grist mill and two saw mills in the vicinity. Emmanuel Shaffer opened a store at the site in 1828, and the following year Shank laid out the town of Shanksville. The Shanksville post office was opened in 1874. Shanksville was incorporated as a borough on January 25, 1913.[9]

September 11, 2001 Photo of George W. Bush and Laura Bush visiting Stonycreek Township on September 11, 2002.

On September 11, 2001, during the terrorist attacks on the United States, Shanksville received worldwide attention after United Airlines Flight 93 crashed into a field in Stonycreek Township, 1.75 miles (2.82 km) north of the town of Shanksville, killing all 40 civilians and four Al Qaeda hijackers on board. The hijackers had intended to fly the plane to Washington, D.C. and crash it into either the Capitol or the White House. However, after learning from family members via airphone of the earlier attacks on the World Trade Center and The Pentagon, the passengers on board revolted against the hijackers and fought for control of the plane, causing it to crash. It was the only one of the four aircraft hijacked that day that never reached its intended target.[10]

There are two memorials to the event. The original, temporary Flight 93 National Memorial to the passengers and crew of Flight 93 was located on a hill, about 500 yards (460 m) from the crash site. On July 8, 2010, a new temporary entrance and memorial were opened at an area called "the Western Overlook". It is where the FBI set up their command center and where family members first saw the aftermath of the crash, bringing their own memorials, and where visitors can leave them today. The initial phase of permanent construction of the Flight 93 National Memorial, including the visitor's center, was completed by the 10th anniversary in 2011. The memorial is built around the crash site, following the plane's flight path, and protecting the area of impact, known as the "Sacred Ground", which remains protected and accessible only to family members of the passengers and crew.

Shanksville's volunteer firefighters, as well as emergency personnel from nearby towns of Central City, Somerset, and others, had rushed to the United Airlines Flight 93 crash scene to search for survivors. Members of the New York City Fire Department donated to the Shanksville Volunteer Fire Department a cross-shaped piece of steel salvaged from the World Trade Center. Mounted atop a Pentagon-shaped base, it was installed outside the firehouse and dedicated on August 24, 2008.[11][12]

Education

The Shanksville-Stonycreek School District operates public schools.

References
  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the Three-State Region". Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the Three-State Region lists Cambria County as the only county in the Johnstown Metropolitan Statistical Area. Somerset County is no longer in this MSA. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia. Retrieved August 24, 2016. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Highest Elevation of Towns in Pennsylvania
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Wilson, Ruth Hunter, Nelle Shank Hunter, Nancy Hallberg. "History of StonyCreek Township". CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Fouda, Yosri & Nick Fielding (2004). Masterminds of Terror. Arcade Publishing. pp. 158–159. 
  11. ^ Ganassi, Michelle (August 25, 2008). "NY firefighter donating steel to Shanksville". Daily American. Retrieved 2008-08-22. [dead link]
  12. ^ Gaskell, Stephanie (August 25, 2008). "Pa. site of 9/11 crash gets WTC beam". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
  • Flight 93 National Memorial (U.S. National Park Service)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Municipalities and communities of Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United StatesCounty seat: SomersetBoroughs
  • Addison
  • Benson
  • Berlin
  • Boswell
  • Callimont
  • Casselman
  • Central City
  • Confluence
  • Garrett
  • Hooversville
  • Indian Lake
  • Jennerstown
  • Meyersdale
  • New Baltimore
  • New Centerville
  • Paint
  • Rockwood
  • Salisbury
  • Seven Springs‡
  • Shanksville
  • Somerset
  • Stoystown
  • Ursina
  • Wellersburg
  • Windber
Townships
  • Addison
  • Allegheny
  • Black
  • Brothersvalley
  • Conemaugh
  • Elk Lick
  • Fairhope
  • Greenville
  • Jefferson
  • Jenner
  • Larimer
  • Lincoln
  • Lower Turkeyfoot
  • Middlecreek
  • Milford
  • Northampton
  • Ogle
  • Paint
  • Quemahoning
  • Shade
  • Somerset
  • Southampton
  • Stonycreek
  • Summit
  • Upper Turkeyfoot
CDPs
  • Cairnbrook
  • Davidsville
  • Edie
  • Friedens
  • Jerome
Unincorporated
communities
  • Acosta
  • Blough
  • Boynton
  • Deal
  • Eureka 33 Mine Station
  • Eureka 36 Mine Station
  • Fairhope
  • Fort Hill
  • Gray
  • Hidden Valley
  • Hiyasota
  • Hollsopple
  • Husband
  • Jenners
  • Kantner
  • Lambertsville
  • Listie
  • Markleton
  • Quecreek
  • Ralphton
  • Randolph
  • Reading Number Three
  • Seanor
  • Sipesville
  • Springs
  • West Salisbury
  • Zimmerman
Footnotes‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
  • v
  • t
  • e
September 11 attacksTimeline
  • Planning
  • September 11, 2001
  • World Trade Center collapse
  • Remainder of September
  • October
  • Post-October
Victims
  • Casualties
    • emergency workers
Hijacked airliners
  • American Airlines Flight 11
  • United Airlines Flight 175
  • American Airlines Flight 77
  • United Airlines Flight 93
  • Suspected hijackings
    • Korean Air Flight 85
    • Delta Air Lines Flight 1989
Crash sites
  • World Trade Center
    • World Trade Center site
  • The Pentagon
  • Stonycreek / Shanksville, Pennsylvania
Aftermath
  • Immediate repercussions
    • Artwork destroyed
    • Closings and cancellations
    • Detentions
  • Communication
  • Post-9/11
    • Economy
    • Local health
    • Airport security
  • Reactions
    • Conspiracy theories
  • Rudy Giuliani
  • Unsuccessful terrorist plots
Response
  • U.S. government response
  • U.S. military response
    • War on Terror
    • Afghanistan
    • North-West Pakistan
  • Rescue and recovery effort
  • Financial assistance
  • Operation SUPPORT
  • Operation Yellow Ribbon
  • Memorials and services
    • 9/11 Memorial and Museum
  • World Trade Center Health Program
Perpetrators
  • Responsibility
  • Alleged Saudi role
  • Motives
  • Hijackers
    • 20th hijacker
  • Trials
Inquiries
  • U.S. Congressional Inquiry
    • the 28 pages
  • September 11 intelligence before the attacks
    • August 2001 CIA warning
  • 9/11 Commission
    • Commission Report
    • Criticism
  • NIST Investigation
  • PENTTBOM
  • ThinThread
Cultural effects
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    • Songs
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  • Cartoonists Remember 9/11
  • Entertainment
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Miscellaneous
  • War games
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  • The Falling Man
  • Raising the Flag at Ground Zero
  • Tourist Guy hoax
  • Iraq War
  • Twin Towers 2
  • Henryk Siwiak homicide
  • Disappearance of Sneha Anne Philip
  • Tania Head
  • Book
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