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Points of the compass
addition of the four intercardinal (or ordinal) directions—northeast (NE), southeast (SE), southwest (SW), and northwest (NW)—to indicate the eight principal

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"Compass point" and "ENE" redirect here. For other uses, see Compass Point (disambiguation) and Ene (disambiguation). For the train company, see Southeastern (train operating company). For the journal, see Hastings West-Northwest Journal of Environmental Law and Policy. 16-point compass rose

The points of the compass mark the divisions on a compass, which is primarily divided into four points: north, south, east, and west. These cardinal directions are further subdivided by the addition of the four intercardinal (or ordinal) directions—northeast (NE), southeast (SE), southwest (SW), and northwest (NW)—to indicate the eight principal winds. In meteorological usage, further intermediate points between cardinal and ordinal points, such as north-northeast (NNE) are added to give the 16 points of a compass rose.[1]

32-point compass rose

At the most complete division are the full thirty-two points of the mariner's compass,[2] which adds points such as north by east (NbE) between north and north-northeast, and northeast by north (NEbN) between north-northeast and northeast. A compass point allows reference to a specific course (or azimuth) in a colloquial fashion, without having to compute or remember degrees.

The European nautical tradition retained the term "one point" to describe ​1⁄32 of a circle in such phrases as "two points to starboard". By the middle of the 18th century, the 32-point system was extended with half- and quarter-points to allow 128 directions to be differentiated.[3]

  • 1 Compass points
    • 1.1 8-wind compass rose
    • 1.2 16-wind compass rose
    • 1.3 32-wind compass rose
  • 2 Traditional names
  • 3 32 compass points
  • 4 Half- and quarter-points
    • 4.1 128 compass directions
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links
Compass points Several terms redirect here. For other uses, see Northeast (disambiguation), Northwest (disambiguation), Southeast (disambiguation) and Southwest (disambiguation).

The names of the compass point directions follow these rules:

8-wind compass rose
  • The four cardinal directions are north (N), east (E), south (S), west (W), at 90° angles on the compass rose.
  • The four ordinal (or intercardinal) directions are formed by bisecting the angle of the cardinal winds: northeast (NE), southeast (SE), southwest (SW) and northwest (NW). The name of each ordinal is simply a combination of the cardinals that it bisects.
  • The eight principal winds (or main winds) are the four cardinals and four ordinals considered together, that is: N, NE, E, SE, S, SW, W, NW. Each principal wind is 45° from its two neighbours. The principal winds form the basic 8-wind compass rose.
16-wind compass rose
  • The eight half-winds are the direction points obtained by bisecting the angles between the principal winds. The half-winds are north-northeast (NNE), east-northeast (ENE), east-southeast (ESE), south-southeast (SSE), south-southwest (SSW), west-southwest (WSW), west-northwest (WNW) and north-northwest (NNW). The name of each half-wind is constructed by combining the names of the principal winds to either side, with the cardinal wind coming first and the ordinal wind second.
  • The eight principal winds and the eight half-winds together form the 16-wind compass rose, with each compass point at a ​22 1⁄2° angle from its two neighbours.
32-point compass rose 32-wind compass card, with English names 32-wind compass rose
  • All of the points in the 16-wind compass rose (above) plus the sixteen quarter-winds (listed below) together form the 32-wind compass rose.
  • The sixteen quarter-winds are the direction points obtained by bisecting the angles between the points on the 16-wind compass rose. The quarter-winds are: (in the first quadrant) north by east (NbE), northeast by north (NEbN), northeast by east (NEbE), and east by north (EbN); (in the second quadrant) east by south (EbS), southeast by east (SEbE), southeast by south (SEbS), and south by east (SbE); (in the third quadrant) south by west (SbW), southwest by south (SWbS), southwest by west (SWbW), and west by south (WbS); (in the fourth quadrant) west by north (WbN), northwest by west (NWbW), northwest by north (NWbN), and north by west (NbW).[4][5]
  • The name of a quarter-wind is "X by Y", where X is a principal wind and Y is a cardinal wind. As a mnemonic device, it is useful to think of "X by Y" as a shortcut for the phrase "one quarter-wind from X towards Y", where a "quarter" is ​11 1⁄4°, X is the nearest principal wind, and Y is the next (more distant) cardinal wind. So, for example, "northeast by east" means "one quarter from NE towards E", "southwest by south" means "one quarter from SW towards S", etc.

In summary, the 32-wind compass rose is yielded from the eight principal winds, eight half-winds and sixteen quarter-winds combined together, with each compass direction point at an ​11 1⁄4° angle from the next.

In the mariner's exercise of boxing the compass, all thirty-two points of the compass are named in clockwise order.[6]

Traditional names

The traditional compass rose of eight winds (and its 16-wind and 32-wind derivatives) was invented by seafarers in the Mediterranean Sea during the Middle Ages (with no obvious connection to the twelve classical compass winds of the ancient Greeks and Romans). The traditional mariner's wind names were expressed in Italian, or more precisely, the Italianate Mediterranean lingua franca common among sailors in the 13th and 14th centuries, which was principally composed of Genoese (Ligurian), mixed with Venetian, Sicilian, Provençal, Catalan, Greek and Arabic terms from around the Mediterranean basin.

32-wind compass with traditional names (and traditional colour code)

This Italianate patois was used to designate the names of the principal winds on the compass rose found in mariners' compasses and portolan charts of the 14th and 15th centuries. The "traditional" names of the eight principal winds are:

  • (N) – Tramontana
  • (NE) – Greco (or Bora in some Venetian sources)
  • (E) – Levante (sometimes Oriente)
  • (SE) – Scirocco (or Exaloc in Catalan)
  • (S) – Ostro (or Mezzogiorno in Venetian)
  • (SW) – Libeccio (or Garbino, Eissalot in Provençal)
  • (W) – Ponente (or Zephyrus in Greek)
  • (NW) – Maestro (or Mistral in Provençal)

Local spelling variations are far more numerous than listed, e.g. Tramutana, Gregale, Grecho, Sirocco, Xaloc, Lebeg, Libezo, Leveche, Mezzodi, Migjorn, Magistro, Mestre, etc. Traditional compass roses will typically have the initials T, G, L, S, O, L, P, and M on the main points. Portolan charts also colour-coded the compass winds: black for the eight principal winds, green for the eight half-winds, and red for the sixteen quarter-winds.

Each half-wind name is simply a combination of the two principal winds that it bisects, with the shortest name usually placed first, for example: NNE is "Greco-Tramontana"; ENE is "Greco-Levante"; SSE is "Ostro-Scirocco", etc. The quarter winds are expressed with an Italian phrase, "Quarto di X verso Y" (pronounced [7][8][9] one quarter from X towards Y), or "X al Y" (X to Y) or "X per Y" (X by Y). There are no irregularities to trip over; the closest principal wind always comes first, the more distant one second, for example: north-by-east is "Quarto di Tramontana verso Greco"; and northeast-by-north is "Quarto di Greco verso Tramontana".

32 compass points

The table below shows how the 32 compass points are named.

Each point has an angular range of 11.250 degrees where: middle azimuth is the horizontal angular direction (from north) of the given compass bearing; minimum is the lower angular limit of the compass point; and maximum is the upper angular limit of the compass point.

No. Compass point Abbreviation Traditional wind point Minimum Middle azimuth Maximum 0 North N Tramontana 354.375° 0.000° 5.625° 1 North by east NbE Quarto di Tramontana verso Greco 5.625° 11.250° 16.875° 2 North-northeast NNE Greco-Tramontana 16.875° 22.500° 28.125° 3 Northeast by north NEbN Quarto di Greco verso Tramontana 28.125° 33.750° 39.375° 4 Northeast NE Greco 39.375° 45.000° 50.625° 5 Northeast by east NEbE Quarto di Greco verso Levante 50.625° 56.250° 61.875° 6 East-northeast ENE Greco-Levante 61.875° 67.500° 73.125° 7 East by north EbN Quarto di Levante verso Greco 73.125° 78.750° 84.375° 8 East E Levante 84.375° 90.000° 95.625° 9 East by south EbS Quarto di Levante verso Scirocco 95.625° 101.250° 106.875° 10 East-southeast ESE Levante-Scirocco 106.875° 112.500° 118.125° 11 Southeast by east SEbE Quarto di Scirocco verso Levante 118.125° 123.750° 129.375° 12 Southeast SE Scirocco 129.375° 135.000° 140.625° 13 Southeast by south SEbS Quarto di Scirocco verso Ostro 140.625° 146.250° 151.875° 14 South-southeast SSE Ostro-Scirocco 151.875° 157.500° 163.125° 15 South by east SbE Quarto di Ostro verso Scirocco 163.125° 168.750° 174.375° 16 South S Ostro 174.375° 180.000° 185.625° 17 South by west SbW Quarto di Ostro verso Libeccio 185.625° 191.250° 196.875° 18 South-southwest SSW Ostro-Libeccio 196.875° 202.500° 208.125° 19 Southwest by south SWbS Quarto di Libeccio verso Ostro 208.125° 213.750° 219.375° 20 Southwest SW Libeccio 219.375° 225.000° 230.625° 21 Southwest by west SWbW Quarto di Libeccio verso Ponente 230.625° 236.250° 241.875° 22 West-southwest WSW Ponente-Libeccio 241.875° 247.500° 253.125° 23 West by south WbS Quarto di Ponente verso Libeccio 253.125° 258.750° 264.375° 24 West W Ponente 264.375° 270.000° 275.625° 25 West by north WbN Quarto di Ponente verso Maestro 275.625° 281.250° 286.875° 26 West-northwest WNW Maestro-Ponente 286.875° 292.500° 298.125° 27 Northwest by west NWbW Quarto di Maestro verso Ponente 298.125° 303.750° 309.375° 28 Northwest NW Maestro 309.375° 315.000° 320.625° 29 Northwest by north NWbN Quarto di Maestro verso Tramontana 320.625° 326.250° 331.875° 30 North-northwest NNW Maestro-Tramontana 331.875° 337.500° 343.125° 31 North by west NbW Quarto di Tramontana verso Maestro 343.125° 348.750° 354.375° 32 North N Tramontana 354.375° 360.000° 5.625° Half- and quarter-points Compass rose from "American Practical Navigator" 1916

By the middle of the 18th century, the 32-point system had been further extended by using half- and quarter-points to give a total of 128 directions.[3] These fractional points are named by appending, for example 1/4east, 1/2east, or 3/4east to the name of one of the 32 points. Each of the 96 fractional points can be named in two ways, depending on which of the two adjoining whole points is used, for example, N3/4E is equivalent to NbE1/4N. Either form is easily understood but alternative conventions as to correct usage developed in different countries and organisations. "It is the custom in the United States Navy to box from north and south toward east and west, with the exception that divisions adjacent to a cardinal or inter-cardinal point are always referred to that point."[10] The Royal Navy used the additional "rule that quarter points were never read from a point beginning and ending with the same letter."[11]

Compass roses very rarely named the fractional points and only showed small, unlabelled markers as a guide for helmsmen.

128 compass directions

The table below shows how each of the 128 directions are named. The first two columns give the number of points and degrees clockwise from north. The third gives the equivalent bearing to the nearest degree from north or south towards east or west. The "CW" column gives the fractional-point bearings increasing in the clockwise direction and "CCW" counterclockwise. The final three columns show three common naming conventions: No "by" avoids the use of "by" with fractional points; "USN" is the system used by the US Navy; and "RN" is the Royal Navy system. Colour coding shows whether each of the three naming systems matches the "CW" or "CCW" column.

Points Degrees Bearing CW CCW No "by" USN RN 000/0 000° 00′ 00″ N N 001/4 002° 48′ 45″ N 03° E N1/4E NbE3/4N N1/4E N1/4E N1/4E 001/2 005° 37′ 30″ N 06° E N1/2E NbE1/2N N1/2E N1/2E N1/2E 003/4 008° 26′ 15″ N 08° E N3/4E NbE1/4N N3/4E N3/4E N3/4E 010/0 011° 15′ 00″ N 11° E NbE 01 1/4 014° 03′ 45″ N 14° E NbE1/4E NNE3/4N NNE3/4N NbE1/4E NbE1/4E 01 1/2 016° 52′ 30″ N 17° E NbE1/2E NNE1/2N NNE1/2N NbE1/2E NbE1/2E 01 3/4 019° 41′ 15″ N 20° E NbE3/4E NNE1/4N NNE1/4N NbE3/4E NbE3/4E 020/0 022° 30′ 00″ N 23° E NNE 02 1/4 025° 18′ 45″ N 25° E NNE1/4E NEbN3/4N NNE1/4E NNE1/4E NNE1/4E 02 1/2 028° 07′ 30″ N 28° E NNE1/2E NEbN1/2N NNE1/2E NNE1/2E NNE1/2E 02 3/4 030° 56′ 15″ N 31° E NNE3/4E NEbN1/4N NNE3/4E NNE3/4E NNE3/4E 030/0 033° 45′ 00″ N 34° E NEbN 03 1/4 036° 33′ 45″ N 37° E NEbN1/4E NE3/4N NE3/4N NE3/4N NE3/4N 03 1/2 039° 22′ 30″ N 39° E NEbN1/2E NE1/2N NE1/2N NE1/2N NE1/2N 03 3/4 042° 11′ 15″ N 42° E NEbN3/4E NE1/4N NE1/4N NE1/4N NE1/4N 040/0 045° 00′ 00″ N 45° E NE 04 1/4 047° 48′ 45″ N 48° E NE1/4E NEbE3/4N NE1/4E NE1/4E NE1/4E 04 1/2 050° 37′ 30″ N 51° E NE1/2E NEbE1/2N NE1/2E NE1/2E NE1/2E 04 3/4 053° 26′ 15″ N 53° E NE3/4E NEbE1/4N NE3/4E NE3/4E NE3/4E 050/0 056° 15′ 00″ N 56° E NEbE 05 1/4 059° 03′ 45″ N 59° E NEbE1/4E ENE3/4N ENE3/4N NEbE1/4E NEbE1/4E 05 1/2 061° 52′ 30″ N 62° E NEbE1/2E ENE1/2N ENE1/2N NEbE1/2E NEbE1/2E 05 3/4 064° 41′ 15″ N 65° E NEbE3/4E ENE1/4N ENE1/4N NEbE3/4E NEbE3/4E 060/0 067° 30′ 00″ N 68° E ENE 06 1/4 070° 18′ 45″ N 70° E ENE1/4E EbN3/4N ENE1/4E ENE1/4E EbN3/4N 06 1/2 073° 07′ 30″ N 73° E ENE1/2E EbN1/2N ENE1/2E ENE1/2E EbN1/2N 06 3/4 075° 56′ 15″ N 76° E ENE3/4E EbN1/4N ENE3/4E ENE3/4E EbN1/4N 070/0 078° 45′ 00″ N 79° E EbN 07 1/4 081° 33′ 45″ N 82° E EbN1/4E E3/4N E3/4N E3/4N E3/4N 07 1/2 084° 22′ 30″ N 84° E EbN1/2E E1/2N E1/2N E1/2N E1/2N 07 3/4 087° 11′ 15″ N 87° E EbN3/4E E1/4N E1/4N E1/4N E1/4N 080/0 090° 00′ 00″ E E 08 1/4 092° 48′ 45″ S 87° E E1/4S EbS3/4E E1/4S E1/4S E1/4S 08 1/2 095° 37′ 30″ S 84° E E1/2S EbS1/2E E1/2S E1/2S E1/2S 08 3/4 098° 26′ 15″ S 82° E E3/4S EbS1/4E E3/4S E3/4S E3/4S 090/0 101° 15′ 00″ S 79° E EbS 09 1/4 104° 03′ 45″ S 76° E EbS1/4S ESE3/4E ESE3/4E ESE3/4E EbS1/4S 09 1/2 106° 52′ 30″ S 73° E EbS1/2S ESE1/2E ESE1/2E ESE1/2E EbS1/2S 09 3/4 109° 41′ 15″ S 70° E EbS3/4S ESE1/4E ESE1/4E ESE1/4E EbS3/4S 100/0 112° 30′ 00″ S 68° E ESE 10 1/4 115° 18′ 45″ S 65° E ESE1/4S SEbE3/4E ESE1/4S SEbE3/4E SEbE3/4E 10 1/2 118° 07′ 30″ S 62° E ESE1/2S SEbE1/2E ESE1/2S SEbE1/2E SEbE1/2E 10 3/4 120° 56′ 15″ S 59° E ESE3/4S SEbE1/4E ESE3/4S SEbE1/4E SEbE1/4E 110/0 123° 45′ 00″ S 56° E SEbE 11 1/4 126° 33′ 45″ S 53° E SEbE1/4S SE3/4E SE3/4E SE3/4E SE3/4E 11 1/2 129° 22′ 30″ S 51° E SEbE1/2S SE1/2E SE1/2E SE1/2E SE1/2E 11 3/4 132° 11′ 15″ S 48° E SEbE3/4S SE1/4E SE1/4E SE1/4E SE1/4E 120/0 135° 00′ 00″ S 45° E SE 12 1/4 137° 48′ 45″ S 42° E SE1/4S SEbS3/4E SE1/4S SE1/4S SE1/4S 12 1/2 140° 37′ 30″ S 39° E SE1/2S SEbS1/2E SE1/2S SE1/2S SE1/2S 12 3/4 143° 26′ 15″ S 37° E SE3/4S SEbS1/4E SE3/4S SE3/4S SE3/4S 130/0 146° 15′ 00″ S 34° E SEbS 13 1/4 149° 03′ 45″ S 31° E SEbS1/4S SSE3/4E SSE3/4E SSE3/4E SSE3/4E 13 1/2 151° 52′ 30″ S 28° E SEbS1/2S SSE1/2E SSE1/2E SSE1/2E SSE1/2E 13 3/4 154° 41′ 15″ S 25° E SEbS3/4S SSE1/4E SSE1/4E SSE1/4E SSE1/4E 140/0 157° 30′ 00″ S 23° E SSE 14 1/4 160° 18′ 45″ S 20° E SSE1/4S SbE3/4E SSE1/4S SbE3/4E SbE3/4E 14 1/2 163° 07′ 30″ S 17° E SSE1/2S SbE1/2E SSE1/2S SbE1/2E SbE1/2E 14 3/4 165° 56′ 15″ S 14° E SSE3/4S SbE1/4E SSE3/4S SbE1/4E SbE1/4E 150/0 168° 45′ 00″ S 11° E SbE 15 1/4 171° 33′ 45″ S 08° E SbE1/4S S3/4E S3/4E S3/4E S3/4E 15 1/2 174° 22′ 30″ S 06° E SbE1/2S S1/2E S1/2E S1/2E S1/2E 15 3/4 177° 11′ 15″ S 03° E SbE3/4S S1/4E S1/4E S1/4E S1/4E 160/0 180° 00′ 00″ S S 16 1/4 182° 48′ 45″ S 03° W S1/4W SbW3/4S S1/4W S1/4W S1/4W 16 1/2 185° 37′ 30″ S 06° W S1/2W SbW1/2S S1/2W S1/2W S1/2W 16 3/4 188° 26′ 15″ S 08° W S3/4W SbW1/4S S3/4W S3/4W S3/4W 170/0 191° 15′ 00″ S 11° W SbW 17 1/4 194° 03′ 45″ S 14° W SbW1/4W SSW3/4S SSW3/4S SbW1/4W SbW1/4W 17 1/2 196° 52′ 30″ S 17° W SbW1/2W SSW1/2S SSW1/2S SbW1/2W SbW1/2W 17 3/4 199° 41′ 15″ S 20° W SbW3/4W SSW1/4S SSW1/4S SbW3/4W SbW3/4W 180/0 202° 30′ 00″ S 23° W SSW 18 1/4 205° 18′ 45″ S 25° W SSW1/4W SWbS3/4S SSW1/4W SSW1/4W SSW1/4W 18 1/2 208° 07′ 30″ S 28° W SSW1/2W SWbS1/2S SSW1/2W SSW1/2W SSW1/2W 18 3/4 210° 56′ 15″ S 31° W SSW3/4W SWbS1/4S SSW3/4W SSW3/4W SSW3/4W 190/0 213° 45′ 00″ S 34° W SWbS 19 1/4 216° 33′ 45″ S 37° W SWbS1/4W SW3/4S SW3/4S SW3/4S SW3/4S 19 1/2 219° 22′ 30″ S 39° W SWbS1/2W SW1/2S SW1/2S SW1/2S SW1/2S 19 3/4 222° 11′ 15″ S 42° W SWbS3/4W SW1/4S SW1/4S SW1/4S SW1/4S 200/0 225° 00′ 00″ S 45° W SW 20 1/4 227° 48′ 45″ S 48° W SW1/4W SWbW3/4S SW1/4W SW1/4W SW1/4W 20 1/2 230° 37′ 30″ S 51° W SW1/2W SWbW1/2S SW1/2W SW1/2W SW1/2W 20 3/4 233° 26′ 15″ S 53° W SW3/4W SWbW1/4S SW3/4W SW3/4W SW3/4W 210/0 236° 15′ 00″ S 56° W SWbW 21 1/4 239° 03′ 45″ S 59° W SWbW1/4W WSW3/4S WSW3/4S SWbW1/4W SWbW1/4W 21 1/2 241° 52′ 30″ S 62° W SWbW1/2W WSW1/2S WSW1/2S SWbW1/2W SWbW1/2W 21 3/4 244° 41′ 15″ S 65° W SWbW3/4W WSW1/4S WSW1/4S SWbW3/4W SWbW3/4W 220/0 247° 30′ 00″ S 68° W WSW 22 1/4 250° 18′ 45″ S 70° W WSW1/4W WbS3/4S WSW1/4W WSW1/4W WbS3/4S 22 1/2 253° 07′ 30″ S 73° W WSW1/2W WbS1/2S WSW1/2W WSW1/2W WbS1/2S 22 3/4 255° 56′ 15″ S 76° W WSW3/4W WbS1/4S WSW3/4W WSW3/4W WbS1/4S 230/0 258° 45′ 00″ S 79° W WbS 23 1/4 261° 33′ 45″ S 82° W WbS1/4W W3/4S W3/4S W3/4S W3/4S 23 1/2 264° 22′ 30″ S 84° W WbS1/2W W1/2S W1/2S W1/2S W1/2S 23 3/4 267° 11′ 15″ S 87° W WbS3/4W W1/4S W1/4S W1/4S W1/4S 240/0 270° 00′ 00″ W W 24 1/4 272° 48′ 45″ N 87° W W1/4N WbN3/4W W1/4N W1/4N W1/4N 24 1/2 275° 37′ 30″ N 84° W W1/2N WbN1/2W W1/2N W1/2N W1/2N 24 3/4 278° 26′ 15″ N 82° W W3/4N WbN1/4W W3/4N W3/4N W3/4N 250/0 281° 15′ 00″ N 79° W WbN 25 1/4 284° 03′ 45″ N 76° W WbN1/4N WNW3/4W WNW3/4W WNW3/4W WbN1/4N 25 1/2 286° 52′ 30″ N 73° W WbN1/2N WNW1/2W WNW1/2W WNW1/2W WbN1/2N 25 3/4 289° 41′ 15″ N 70° W WbN3/4N WNW1/4W WNW1/4W WNW1/4W WbN3/4N 260/0 292° 30′ 00″ N 68° W WNW 26 1/4 295° 18′ 45″ N 65° W WNW1/4N NWbW3/4W WNW1/4N NWbW3/4W NWbW3/4W 26 1/2 298° 07′ 30″ N 62° W WNW1/2N NWbW1/2W WNW1/2N NWbW1/2W NWbW1/2W 26 3/4 300° 56′ 15″ N 59° W WNW3/4N NWbW1/4W WNW3/4N NWbW1/4W NWbW1/4W 270/0 303° 45′ 00″ N 56° W NWbW 27 1/4 306° 33′ 45″ N 53° W NWbW1/4N NW3/4W NW3/4W NW3/4W NW3/4W 27 1/2 309° 22′ 30″ N 51° W NWbW1/2N NW1/2W NW1/2W NW1/2W NW1/2W 27 3/4 312° 11′ 15″ N 48° W NWbW3/4N NW1/4W NW1/4W NW1/4W NW1/4W 280/0 315° 00′ 00″ N 45° W NW 28 1/4 317° 48′ 45″ N 42° W NW1/4N NWbN3/4W NW1/4N NW1/4N NW1/4N 28 1/2 320° 37′ 30″ N 39° W NW1/2N NWbN1/2W NW1/2N NW1/2N NW1/2N 28 3/4 323° 26′ 15″ N 37° W NW3/4N NWbN1/4W NW3/4N NW3/4N NW3/4N 290/0 326° 15′ 00″ N 34° W NWbN 29 1/4 329° 03′ 45″ N 31° W NWbN1/4N NNW3/4W NNW3/4W NNW3/4W NNW3/4W 29 1/2 331° 52′ 30″ N 28° W NWbN1/2N NNW1/2W NNW1/2W NNW1/2W NNW1/2W 29 3/4 334° 41′ 15″ N 25° W NWbN3/4N NNW1/4W NNW1/4W NNW1/4W NNW1/4W 300/0 337° 30′ 00″ N 23° W NNW 30 1/4 340° 18′ 45″ N 20° W NNW1/4N NbW3/4W NNW1/4N NbW3/4W NbW3/4W 30 1/2 343° 07′ 30″ N 17° W NNW1/2N NbW1/2W NNW1/2N NbW1/2W NbW1/2W 30 3/4 345° 56′ 15″ N 14° W NNW3/4N NbW1/4W NNW3/4N NbW1/4W NbW1/4W 310/0 348° 45′ 00″ N 11° W NbW 31 1/4 351° 33′ 45″ N 08° W NbW1/4N N3/4W N3/4W N3/4W N3/4W 31 1/2 354° 22′ 30″ N 06° W NbW1/2N N1/2W N1/2W N1/2W N1/2W 31 3/4 357° 11′ 15″ N 03° W NbW3/4N N1/4W N1/4W N1/4W N1/4W 320/0 360° 00′ 00″ N N
See also
  • Bearing (navigation)
  • Cardinal direction
  • Classical compass winds
  • Compass rose
  • Course (navigation)
  • Heading (navigation)
  • Navigation
  • Wind rose
  1. ^ David Boardman. Graphicacy and Geography Teaching, 1983. Page 41 "In particular they should learn that wind direction is always stated as the direction from which, and not to which, the wind is blowing. Once children have grasped these eight points they can learn the full sixteen points of the compass."
  2. ^ Evans, Frederick John (1859). "Notes on the Magnetism of Ships". Pamphlets on British shipping. 1785–1861. By unknown editor. p. 8 (p. 433 of PDF). ISBN 0-217-85167-3. A deviation table having been formed by any of the processes generally understood, either on the thirty-two points of the compass, the sixteen intermediate, or the eight principal pointsCS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  3. ^ a b E. Chambers Cyclopaedia: or, an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Science, 5th Ed, 1743, pp. 206–7, "Points of the Compass, or Horizon, &c., in Geography and Navigation, are the points of division when the whole circle, quite around, is divided into 32 equal parts. These points are therefore at the distance of the 32d part of the circult, or 11° 15′, from each other; hence 5° 37 1/2′ is the distance of the half points and 2° 48 3/4′ is the distance of the quarter points.
  4. ^ Compass rose at
  5. ^ Washington Education
  6. ^ George Payn Quackenbos A Natural Philosophy: Embracing the Most Recent Discoveries 1860 "Mentioning the mariner's compass: the points of the compass in their order is called boxing the compass. — The compass box is suspended within a larger box by means of two brass hoops, or gimbals as they are called, supported at opposite ..."
  7. ^ "'s entry for 'quarto'".
  8. ^ "'s entry for 'di'".
  9. ^ "'s entry for 'verso'".
  10. ^ Bowditch, Nathaniel (1916). American Practical Navigator: An Epitome of Navigation and Nautical Astronomy. United States Hydrographic Office. p. 15.
  11. ^ Kemp, Peter, ed. (1988). "Box the Compass". The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea. Oxford University Press. p. 103. ISBN 0-19-282084-2.
External links
  • Wind Rose (archived) – discusses the origins of the names for compass directions.
  • v
  • t
  • e
Compass directionCardinal and ordinal directions
  • North
  • Northeast
  • East
  • Southeast
  • South
  • Southwest
  • West
  • Northwest
The eight principal winds
  • Tramontane
  • Gregale
  • Levant
  • Sirocco
  • Ostro
  • Libeccio
  • Ponente
  • Mistral

Southeast Memory Foam Travel Neck Pillow - Premium Contoured Design Super Comfortable Velvety Velour Plush Exterior Full Support w/ Carry Bag
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FAA Chart Supplement Southeast (Always Current Edition)
FAA Chart Supplement Southeast (Always Current Edition)
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Mushrooms of the Southeast (A Timber Press Field Guide)
Mushrooms of the Southeast (A Timber Press Field Guide)
Mushrooms of the Southeast is a compact, beautifully illustrated guide packed with descriptions and photographs of more than 400 of the region’s most important mushrooms. The geographic range covered by the book includes northern Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. In addition to profiles on individual species, the book also includes a general discussion and definition of fungi, information on where to find mushrooms and collection guidelines, an overview of fungus ecology, and information on mushroom poisoning and how to avoid it.   

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Humminbird 600023-5 Southeast Plus
Humminbird 600023-5 Southeast Plus
The southeast States plus, version 2.0 map card has many standard and high definition lake maps for Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Kentucky. The plus Series allows for aerial image overlay on high definition waters in addition to all of the LakeMaster features. Now you have the ability to use the quality aerial photography to view the entry and exits of creek channels, see how far a Reef or weed line extends, and pick out shallow water rock piles, steep drop-offs or other features of the lake you've been missing from traditional maps. Features: - map card has many standard and high definition lake maps - allows for aerial image overlay on high definition waters - use the quality aerial photography to view the entry and exits of creek channels - see how far a Reef or weed line extends - pick out shallow water rock piles and steep drop-offs - see other features of the lake you've been missing from traditional maps. Specifications: - covers southeast States: Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Kentucky.

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Outsidepride Southeast Wildflower Seed Mix - 1 LB
Outsidepride Southeast Wildflower Seed Mix - 1 LB
To beautify a natural landscape setting in the Southeastern part of the United States, use this Southeast wild flower mix that is specifically for the states of Alabama, Arkansas, northern Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, eastern Oklahoma, Tennessee, eastern Texas and South Carolina. This mix of annuals and perennials includes: Siberian Wallflower, Shasta Daisy, Lance-leaved Coreopsis, Plains Coreopsis, Cosmos, Sulphur Cosmos, Larkspur, Purple Coneflower, Indian Blanket, Annual Baby's Breath, Tree Mallow, Gayfeather, Scarlet Flax, Sweet Alyssum, Perennial Lupine, Dwarf Evening Primrose, Corn Poppy, Annual Phlox, Clasping coneflower, Black-eyed Susan, Scarlet Sage, and Moss Verbena. Prepare a site by removing weeds and loosening soil. Seed can be broadcast and raked into the soil, covering 2 - 3 times their thickness, or seed can be drilled to a maximum of ¼ inch. This Southeast mix should be planted in the spring once soil temperature warm to 55F. Seed should stay moist by either rainfall or irrigation until germination occurs.

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Southeast Asia - Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam: The Solo Girl's Travel Guide
Southeast Asia - Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam: The Solo Girl's Travel Guide
Bangkok | Chiang Mai | Koh Samui | Koh Phangan | Koh Phi Phi | Phnom Penh | Siem Reap | Sihanoukville | Koh Rong | Kampot | Ho Chi Minh City | Hoi An | Hanoi | SapaTravel like Oprah on Instagram - Spend money like Wendy Williams on Pinterest. Ditch the generic travel guides that are impersonal AF and feel like they were written for your nerdy cousin who wears socks with sandals.This is the #1 Travel Guide for REAL girls traveling South East Asia in a short amount of time on a modest budget.All while avoiding the scams, creeps, and sketchy hangouts.What this Travel Guide is…A VACATION PLANNER with the BEST beaches, resorts, markets, and social hotspotsEqual amounts Asian history, culture, local markets, and tan linesA shot of history, culture, and fun facts to soak it all upMoney-saving tips and time-stretching adviceActual local secrets, advice, and off-the-beaten-path adventuresA peek into volunteeringPlus!Safety tips and adviceSurvival Language PhrasesWhat to Pack for South East AsiaHow to get to your hotel when you Land without paying 3x the local price!Personal Access to me...ask me anything and I’ll answerWhat this Guide is not…A 5-hour read with historical dates and ancient factsAn overwhelming deep-dive into South East Asia’s historyAn advertisement for hotels that pay other travel guides to write about them.A book written by some man who doesn’t even live here…No heavy encyclopedia here - If you want to travel with your nose in a book, check out Lonely Planet.The Solo Girl's Travel Guide answers THE MOST important questions like…Are there drugs in my drink?Is that dark alley filled with serial killers?Am I going to be kidnapped and sold to the highest bidder?And!Is it really worth $50 to take a day trip to an island?Can I see the beach, jungle AND city in 3 weeks?Can I stay in a gorgeous beachfront resort for $30? (YES)Click 'Add to Card' now and plan the trip of a lifetime IN SOUTH EAST ASIA!You don’t need a boyfriend, a travel partner or anyone’s approval to travel the world. And you don’t need a massive bank account or an entire summer off work.If you’ve doubted yourself for one moment, remember this:Millions of girls travel across the globe all by themselves every damn day and you can, too.You are just as capable, just as smart, and just as brave as the rest of us. You don’t need permission- this is your life.Listen to your gut, follow your heart, and just book that ticket already!Your copy of The Solo Girl's Travel Guide is waiting to dissolve your worries and give you that extra push you need to JUST DO IT!PLUS! I'm here if you need me. Just send me a quick message on Instagram - my handle is in the guide!

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Man Facing Southeast [Blu-ray]
Man Facing Southeast [Blu-ray]
Man Facing Southeast is Argentine director Eliseo Subiela's 1986 cult classic, a powerfully moving science-fiction parable of a saint-like stranger in an even stranger land our Earth. This critically-acclaimed gem has not been available on DVD or Blu-ray in the United States, until now.A man named Rantes (Hugo Soto) suddenly appears in a Buenos Aires psychiatric hospital expertly playing theorgan. But who is he this man with no recorded identity? Doctor Denis (Lorenzo Quinteros) dismisses Rantes' claim of being an alien visitor as a case of paranoid delusion. Beatriz (Ine s Vernengo), his only visitor, sees him as an intimate and knowing companion. And the other patients, intrigued by his mysterious intelligence, see him as their only source of hope. Inspiring, mystical, and unforgettable, Man Facing Southeast is one of the great science-fiction films of the 1980s.Special Features: Booklet with Director's Statement and essay by film historian Nancy J. Membrez, Interviews with: Director Eliseo Subiela, Lead actor Hugo Soto, Director of Photography Ricardo De Angelis

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Humminbird Southeast States Smart Strike Map Card
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Pretty Pus Pink Professional Tattoo Ink (1oz) by Southeast Tattoo Supply
Pretty Pus Pink Professional Tattoo Ink (1oz) by Southeast Tattoo Supply
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