Tommy Robinson
Tommy Robinson
Custom Search
Tommy Robinson
Go Back


Free the Animation VR / AR
Play to reveal 3D images and 3D models!
Demonstration A-Frame / Multiplayer
Android app on Google Play
vlrPhone / vlrFilter
Project of very low consumption, radiation and bitrate softphones, with the support of the spatial audio, of the frequency shifts and of the ultrasonic communications / Multifunction Audio Filter with Remote Control!


Vectors and 3D Models

City Images, Travel Images, Safe Images

Howto - How To - Illustrated Answers


Tommy Robinson (activist)
Christopher Yaxley-Lennon (born 27 November 1982), known by the pseudonym Tommy Robinson, and previously as Andrew McMaster and Paul Harris, is an English far-right

View Wikipedia Article

For other uses, see Tommy Robinson.

Tommy Robinson Robinson in October 2015 Leader of the English Defence League In office
August 2009 – 8 October 2013Preceded by Office establishedSucceeded by Tim Ablitt Personal detailsBorn Stephen Christopher Yaxley
(1982-11-27) 27 November 1982 (age 35)
Luton, EnglandCitizenship BritishPolitical party British National Party (2004–2005)[1]
British Freedom Party (2012)[2]Residence Luton, Bedfordshire, EnglandKnown for Former leader of the English Defence League and European Defence LeagueWebsite

Stephen Christopher Yaxley-Lennon (born 27 November 1982[3]), known by the pseudonym Tommy Robinson, and previously as Andrew McMaster and Paul Harris,[4] is an English far-right activist[5] who co-founded and served as spokesman and leader of the English Defence League (EDL).[6] He was a member of the British National Party (BNP) from 2004 to 2005.[1] For a short time in 2012, he was joint vice-chairman of the British Freedom Party.

Robinson led the EDL from 2009 until 8 October 2013. He continued as an activist, and in 2015 became involved with the development of Pegida UK, a British chapter of the German-based Pegida organisation (Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamisation of the West).[7]

In May 2018, Robinson was sentenced to 13 months' imprisonment for contempt of court after publishing a Facebook Live video of defendants entering a law court, contrary to a court order to prevent reporting those trials while proceedings are ongoing.[8] That sentence included activation of an earlier three-month suspended sentence for a similar earlier contempt of court at Canterbury. On 1 August 2018 Robinson appealed against the contempt convictions at Canterbury and at Leeds. The matter came before The Court of Appeal (Criminal Division). His appeal against the Leeds conviction succeeded and the sentence was quashed. A new trial was ordered. His appeal against the Canterbury conviction failed in all respects bar one. The court had wrongly recorded that Robinson had been sentenced to three months imprisonment suspended for 18 months. In fact he had been committed to prison for three months suspended for 18 months. The Court of Appeal ordered the court records be amended to reflect the correct sentence. The distinction between sentenced to imprisonment and committed to prison for contempt affects the way the sentenced person is managed.[9][10]

Robinson has written for The Rebel Media.

  • 1 Biography
  • 2 English Defence League
  • 3 Leaving the EDL
  • 4 Later activities
    • 4.1 Contempt proceedings
    • 4.2 After release
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Robinson was born Stephen Christopher Yaxley[11] in Luton, England. In an interview with Victoria Derbyshire on BBC Radio Five live in 2010, he said that his parents "were Irish immigrants to this country".[12] His mother, who worked at a local bakery,[13] remarried when Robinson was still young; his stepfather, Thomas Lennon,[1] worked at the Vauxhall car plant in Luton.[13]

Robinson married in 2011 and is the father of three children.[14] He owns a sunbed shop in Luton.[15]

According to Robinson, after leaving school, he applied to study aircraft engineering at Luton Airport: "I got an apprenticeship 600 people applied for, and they took four people on". He qualified in 2003 after five years of study, but then lost his job when he was convicted of assaulting an off-duty police officer in a drunken argument.[13] He served a 12-month prison sentence.[16]

Robinson joined the British National Party, then led by Nick Griffin, in 2004. When questioned about this by journalist Andrew Neil in June 2013, he said that he had left after one year, saying, "I didn't know Nick Griffin was in the National Front, I didn't know non-whites couldn't join the organisation. I joined, I saw what it was about, it was not for me".[1]

As leader of the English Defence League (EDL), Robinson sometimes wore a bullet-proof vest when appearing in public, telling the BBC that his business and his home had been attacked, and that he personally had been threatened by armed Muslims.[15]

Yaxley-Lennon uses the alias Tommy Robinson, taking the name of a prominent member of the "Men In Gear" (MIG) football hooligan crew, which follows Luton Town Football Club.[17] Robinson was involved with the group United Peoples of Luton, formed in response to a March 2009 protest against Royal Anglian Regiment troops returning from the Afghan War[18] being attacked by the Islamist groups Al-Muhajiroun and Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah.[19]

Robinson denies racism and antisemitism,[20] and has declared his support for the Jewish people and Israel, calling himself a Zionist.[21] Robinson has said that his group of friends includes both black and Muslim people.[20][22]

English Defence League Robinson with EDL demonstrators in Amsterdam in 2010 Main article: English Defence League

Robinson founded the English Defence League (EDL) and in August 2009, became its leader with his cousin, Kevin Carroll, its deputy leader.[23] Robinson stated that he had been prompted to found the EDL after he had read a newspaper article about local Islamists attempting to recruit men outside a bakery in Luton to fight for the Taliban in Afghanistan.[13] Robinson has appeared masked at protests.[16] Although Robinson repeatedly insisted from the early days of the organisation that the EDL was "against the rise of radical Islam" and that its members "aren't against Islam", its rank and file were noted for including football hooligans and members who described themselves as anti-Muslim.[17][24] Robinson founded the European Defence League, a co-ordination of groups similar to the EDL operating in different European countries.[25]

Robinson said he was assaulted on 22 December 2011 after stopping his car due to another car flashing its lights at him. He said that a group of three men attacked and beat him, until they were stopped by the arrival of a "good Samaritan". Robinson said that the attackers were of Asian appearance.[26]

Robinson was convicted in 2011 of using "threatening, abusive or insulting behaviour" during a fight between supporters of Luton Town and Newport County in Luton the previous year. Robinson reportedly led the group of Luton fans, and played an integral part in starting a 100-man brawl, during which he chanted "EDL till I die". He was sentenced to a 12-month community rehabilitation order with 150 hours unpaid work and a three-year ban from attending football matches.[27]

Robinson was arrested again after an EDL demonstration in Tower Hamlets in September 2011 for breach of bail conditions, as he had been banned from attending that demonstration. Robinson later began a hunger strike while on remand in HM Prison Bedford, saying that he was a "political prisoner of the state",[28] and refused to eat what he believed was halal meat.[29] A handful of EDL supporters protested outside the prison in support of Robinson during his incarceration; the support peaked at a turnout of 100 protesters on 10 September.[30] Robinson was released on bail on 12 September.[31]

On 29 September 2011, Robinson was convicted of common assault after headbutting a fellow EDL member at a rally in Blackburn in April that year.[32] He was sentenced to 12 weeks' imprisonment, suspended for 12 months.[33] Robinson said that the assault had happened because of a confrontation with a neo-Nazi who had joined the EDL.[34][35]

On 8 November 2011, Robinson held a protest on the rooftop of the FIFA headquarters in Zürich against FIFA's ruling that the England national football team could not wear a Remembrance poppy symbol on their shirts. For this he was fined £3,000 and jailed for three days.[36]

In 2012 Robinson announced that he had joined the British Freedom Party (BFP). He was appointed its joint vice-chairman along with Carroll after the EDL and the BFP agreed an electoral pact in 2011.[37] However, on 11 October 2012, Robinson resigned from the BFP to concentrate on EDL activities.[38]

Leaving the EDL

In October 2012, Robinson was arrested and held on the charge of having entered the United States illegally. Robinson pleaded guilty at Southwark Crown Court to using someone else's passport to travel to the United States in September 2012, and was sentenced in January 2013 to 10 months' imprisonment.[39][40] Robinson had used a passport in the name of Andrew McMaster to board a Virgin Atlantic flight from Heathrow to New York.[41] He had been banned from entering the US due to a drugs offence. He was detained by authorities in New York as an illegal immigrant but left the US the next day using a passport in the name of Paul Harris to travel back to the UK.[42] He was released on electronic tag on 22 February 2013.[43] On being released, Robinson told the BBC that he was dismayed to discover that the EDL's ranks had been swollen with racist and neo-Nazi supporters.[44]

In April 2012, Robinson took part in a programme in the BBC's television series The Big Questions in which far-right extremism was debated. Mo Ansar, a British Muslim political and social commentator took part in the same programme, and invited Robinson to join him and his family for dinner. This resulted in several meetings over the next 18 months between Robinson and Ansar to discuss Islam, Islamism and the Muslim community, accompanied by a BBC team which created the documentary When Tommy Met Mo.[44] Robinson and Ansar visited the think tank Quilliam and Robinson witnessed a debate between Quilliam's director, Maajid Nawaz, and Ansar about human rights.[44] On 8 October 2013, Quilliam held a press conference with Robinson and Kevin Carroll to announce that Robinson and Carroll had left the EDL. Robinson said that he had been considering leaving for a long time because of concerns over the "dangers of far-right extremism".[45][22] Robinson said that it was still his aim to "counter Islamist ideology not with violence but with democratic ideas". Ten other senior figures left the EDL with Robinson and Carroll, and Tim Ablitt became the EDL's new leader.[45][46]

When Robinson was questioned by The Guardian about having blamed "'every single Muslim' for 'getting away' with the 7 July bombings, and for calling Islam a fascist and violent religion, he held up his hands and said, 'I'm sorry, I'm sorry.'" Robinson also said that he would now give evidence to the police to help in their investigation of racists within the EDL. Robinson added that "his future work would involve taking on radicalism on all fronts".[47][48] Robinson claimed in his autobiography that he was paid £2,000 per month for Quilliam to take credit for his leaving the EDL, which a Quilliam spokesperson denied.[49][50]

In November 2012, Robinson was charged with three counts of conspiracy to commit fraud by misrepresentation in relation to a mortgage application, along with five other defendants.[51] He pleaded guilty to two charges and in January 2014 was sentenced to 18 months imprisonment.[52][40] Robinson was attacked by several fellow prisoners in HM Prison Woodhill.[53][54] Following news of the attack, Maajid Nawaz wrote to the Secretary of State for Justice, Chris Grayling, asking for Robinson's situation to be urgently addressed.[54][55] Shortly after this incident, Robinson was moved to HM Prison Winchester. Robinson told Jamie Bartlett, a director of the think tank Demos: "In Woodhill, I experienced Islam the gang. In Winchester, I have experienced Islam the religion." Robinson made friends with several Muslim prisoners, referring to them as "great lads I cannot speak highly enough of the Muslim inmates I'm now living with".[56] In June 2014 Robinson was released on licence. The terms of his early release included having no contact with the EDL until the end of his original sentence in June 2015.[56] He was due to talk to the Oxford Union in October 2014, but was recalled to prison before the event for breaching the terms of his licence.[57] He was ultimately released on 14 November 2014.[58]

Later activities

Robinson spoke at the Oxford Union on 26 November 2014. Unite Against Fascism (UAF) protested against his appearance, criticising the Union for allowing him the platform when, according to UAF, he had not renounced the views of the EDL. Robinson told the audience he was not allowed to talk about certain issues because he was out on prison licence. He said, "I regain my freedom of speech on the 22 July 2015." He criticised "politicians, the media and police for failing to tackle certain criminal activities because of the fear of being labelled Islamophobic."[59] He claimed that Woodhill prison had become "an ISIS training camp", and that radicals were "running the wings".[60] After release from licence at the end of his sentence Robinson returned to anti-Islam demonstrations with Pegida, a British offshoot of a German anti-immigration organisation founded in Dresden amid the European migrant crisis. Addressing a Pegida anti-Islam rally in October 2015, Robinson spoke out against what he perceived to be the threat of Islamist terrorists posing as refugees.[61] He announced the creation of a "British chapter" of Pegida in December 2015. He said that alcohol and fighting would not be permitted because "It's too serious now for that stuff", and told The Daily Telegraph that a mass demonstration would take place across Europe on 6 February 2016.[7] On 14 February 2016, Robinson was attacked and treated at a hospital after leaving a nightclub in Essex.[62]

Robinson wrote an autobiography, Enemy of the State, which was self-published in 2015.[63][64]

Robinson travelled to watch UEFA Euro 2016 in France and demonstrated with a T-shirt and English flag ridiculing the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). Bedfordshire Police imposed a football banning order on him on his return; his solicitor Alison Gurden accused the police of a "campaign of harassment" and said that they had equated the proscribed terrorist group with all Muslims in their action.[65] In September, a judge at Luton Magistrates' Court dismissed the case, calling the prosecution's evidence "vague" and "cagey".[66]

On 27 August 2016, 18 Luton Town football supporters, including Robinson and his family, were ejected by police from a Cambridge pub on the day of the Cambridge United versus Luton football match. Robinson claimed he had been victimised, and complaints were submitted to Cambridge Police.[67]

Robinson is a correspondent for The Rebel Media, a Canadian right-wing website.[68] In May 2017, he was arrested for contempt of court after he attempted to take video of the defendants in a child rape case outside Canterbury Crown Court.[69][70] He responded on Twitter to the Finsbury Park attack, writing "The mosque where the attack happened tonight has a long history of creating terrorists & radical jihadists & promoting hate & segregation", and, "I'm not justifying it, I've said many times if government or police don't sort these centres of hate they will create monsters as seen tonight." Robinson's statements were widely criticised in the media as inciting hatred.[71] Appearing the next morning on Good Morning Britain, Robinson held up the Quran and described it as a "violent and cursed book". The host, Piers Morgan, accused him of "stirring up hatred like a bigoted lunatic", and Robinson's appearance drew a number of complaints to Ofcom.[72] Robinson was involved in a fist fight at Royal Ascot later in June 2017, for which Morgan criticised him on Twitter[73]

Robinson's second self-published book, Mohammed's Koran: Why Muslims Kill For Islam was co-authored with Peter McLoughlin and released in 2017.[74][non-primary source needed]

Contempt proceedings

In May 2017, Robinson was convicted of contempt of court for using a camera inside Canterbury Crown Court and received a suspended sentence.[75] According to Judge Heather Norton, "this is not about free speech, not about the freedom of the press, nor about legitimate journalism, and not about political correctness. It is about justice and ensuring that a trial can be carried out justly and fairly, it's about being innocent until proven guilty. It is about preserving the integrity of the jury to continue without people being intimidated or being affected by irresponsible and inaccurate 'reporting', if that's what it was".[76]

9 June 2018, Trafalgar Square: Protests for the release of Robinson

On 25 May 2018, Robinson was arrested for a breach of the peace while live streaming outside Leeds Crown Court[76][77] during a trial on which reporting restrictions had been ordered by the judge.[78]

Following Robinson's arrest, Judge Geoffrey Marson QC[79] issued a further reporting restriction on Robinson's case, prohibiting any reporting of Robinson's case or the grooming trial until the latter case is complete.[80][77][81] The jailing of Robinson drew condemnation from right-wing circles.[82]

The UK Independence Party leader Gerard Batten MEP expressed concern about the proceedings and the ban on reporting.[83] Robinson attracted sympathy from several right-wing politicians in Europe, including the Dutch Party for Freedom leader Geert Wilders[77] and the member of the German Bundestag for the far-right Alternative for Germany Petr Bystron.[84]

On the weekend following Robinson's arrest, his supporters held rallies in his support.[77][85][86][87] An online petition for his release had more than 500,000 signatures.[88] Anti-fascist advocacy group Hope not Hate said its analysis showed that 68.1% of the signatures were from the UK, with 9.7% from Australia, and 9.3% from the US. Canada, Germany, France, New Zealand, Netherlands, Sweden and Ireland accounted for the remainder.[89]

The reporting restriction with regard to Robinson was lifted on 29 May 2018, following a challenge by journalists. The media reported that Robinson had admitted contempt of court by publishing information that could prejudice an ongoing trial, and had been sentenced to 13 months' imprisonment.[8]

Marson sentenced Robinson to ten months for contempt of court and his previous three months' suspended sentence was activated because of the breach. Robinson's lawyer said that Robinson felt "deep regret" after comprehending the potential consequences of his behaviour.[90] Robinson was told that if a retrial had to be held as a result of his actions the cost could be "hundreds and hundreds of thousands of pounds".[90][91]

In July 2018, it was reported that the United States Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom, Sam Brownback, lobbied the UK government on the treatment of Robinson.[92]

The Middle East Forum has also lobbied the United States government and provided financial aid for rallies and legal aid.[93][94]

Robinson lodged an appeal which claimed that he had not admitted the charges or been given a chance to apologise. He claimed that his initial contempt trial was flawed; the details of the charge were not clear. He argued that his sentence was unfair.[95] The appellate court issued its ruling on 1 August 2018: a new hearing of the case was ordered and Robinson was released on bail pending the new hearing.[9][10]

The appellate court agreed to hear Robinson's appeal even though the appeal was launched outside the 28-day time limit for challenging convictions. The court agreed to hear the appeal because Robinson had been held in "effective solitary confinement", which had made it difficult for Robinson to have meetings with his lawyers.[96]

After release

On 2 August 2018, Robinson was interviewed on Tucker Carlson Tonight.[97][98] During the interview, Robinson mainly discussed his prior two months in prison. He said that he was initially put in HM Prison Hull, where he was treated well; he was then transferred to HM Prison Onley, where, he claimed, he was severely mistreated, including with solitary confinement. The prison service rejected his claims saying "Mr Yaxley-Lennon was treated with the same fairness we aim to show all prisoners – he had access to visits, television and showers – and it is totally false to say he was held in 'solitary confinement'", adding that he had been kept in a care and separation unit for 48 hours whilst an assessment was made of his safety.[99]

In September 2018, Robinson expressed a desire to join the UK Independence Party (UKIP) and possibly to run for UKIP in elections. UKIP's rules prohibit membership to those who have been part of extreme right wing groups in the past, which may preclude Robinson joining as he founded the English Defence League (EDL) and had ties for a while with the British Freedom Party. UKIP's National Executive Committee is set to meet on 9 September 2018 to waive that clause regarding Robinson as a special case. If approved, his possible membership would be put to a vote at the party's conference. UKIP leader Gerard Batten supports the efforts for Robinson joining the party.[100]

In October 2018, further controversy rose after Robinson posted a joint photo with two dozen young British Army "recruits" as he described them. He also posted on his Facebook page a video of the occasion in which the soldiers allegedly cheered him shouting his name. The British Army has launched an investigation into the matter.[101]

  1. ^ a b c d Elgot, Jessica (16 June 2013). "EDL's Tommy Robinson Admits Real Name Is Stephen Yaxley, Was In BNP To Andrew Neil On Sunday Politics". The Huffington Post (UK). Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 20 October cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "Stephen Lennon and Kevin Carroll Join British Freedom!". British Freedom Party. 5 May 2012. Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  3. ^ EDL leader interviewed by Andrew Neil on Sunday Politics (16Jun13), 16 June 2013, archived from the original on 30 June 2016, retrieved 22 March 2018
  4. ^ "Tommy Robinson Explains The Making Of An Alter-Ego Even His Wife Can't Stand". HuffPost UK. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
    - "EDL leader jailed for being illegal immigrant after entering US on friend's passport". 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
    - "EDL leader Stephen Lennon jailed for false passport offence". BBC News. 7 January 2013. Archived from the original on 9 April 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  5. ^ "UK far-right figure Tommy Robinson jailed for contempt". Business Insider. 29 May 2018. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
    - "Morrissey defends Tommy Robinson and new far-right party". The Week. 7 June 2018. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
    - Hamilton, Fiona (30 May 2018). "Far-right provocateur Tommy Robinson jailed over court rant". The Times. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
    - Morrin, Siobhan (29 May 2018). "Why Tommy Robinson Was Jailed, and Why U.S. Rightwingers Care". Time. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
    - Palmer, Ewan (29 May 2018). "WHY WAS TOMMY ROBINSON ARRESTED? FAR-RIGHT ACTIVIST JAILED FOR 13 MONTHS FOR 'PREJUDICING RAPE TRIAL'". Newsweek. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  6. ^ "The EDL - Britain's Far Right Social Movement" Archived 21 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Radicalism and New Media Research Group, University of Northampton, 22 September 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
  7. ^ a b Bartlett, Jamie (4 December 2015). "Across Europe with Tommy Robinson: inside the new wave of anti-immigration protest coming soon to Britain". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 5 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  8. ^ a b Dearden, Lizzie (29 May 2018). "Tommy Robinson jailed after breaking contempt of court laws with Facebook Live video". The Independent. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Court of Appeal Judgement" (PDF). Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Tommy Robinson bailed after appeal win". BBC News. 1 August 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Robinson: I have to live a two-tier life". BBC News. 17 June 2013. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013.
  12. ^ Victoria Derbyshire (host), Tommy Robinson (guest) (4 January 2010). Interview with Tommy Robinson (Audio). Victoria Derbyshire. BBC Radio 5 Live.
  13. ^ a b c d Rowland Hill, Matt (18 October 2013). "Who is the real Tommy Robinson?". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  14. ^ EDL founder Stephen Lennon guilty over football brawl Archived 25 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., BBC News. 25 July 2011; retrieved 4 January 2012.
  15. ^ a b "Inside the English Defence League leadership". BBC Newsnight. BBC. 2 February 2011. Archived from the original on 3 February 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  16. ^ a b Copsey, Nigel (2010). "The English Defence League: Challenging our Country and our Values of Social Inclusion, Fairness and Equality" (PDF). Faith Matters. pp. 13–14.
  17. ^ a b "Under the skin of English Defence League". BBC News. 12 October 2009.
  18. ^ Urry, Allan (22 September 2009). "Is far-right extremism a threat?". BBC News Online.
  19. ^ "Luton parade protesters 'were members of extremist group'". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. 12 March 2009. Archived from the original on 15 March 2009.
    - "Who are the English Defence League?", BBC News magazine. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  20. ^ a b Delingpole, James (8 April 2017). "Britain's most hated man isn't all that hateful". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 2 June 2018. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  21. ^ Rashty, Sandy (5 March 2015). "What makes the EDL's former leader, who says he is a friend of the Jews, tick?". The Jewish Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2 February 2016. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  22. ^ a b Murray, Douglas (19 October 2013). "Tommy Robinson: Double standards, not fear of diversity, provoked the EDL". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  23. ^ "Quitting the English Defence League: When Tommy Met Mo" Archived 2 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine., BBC, broadcast 28 October 2013 (video from 8:42); accessed 31 October 2013.
  24. ^ Casciani, Dominic (11 September 2009). "Who are the English Defence League?". BBC News. Retrieved 10 October 2009.
  25. ^ Bartlett, Jamie (4 December 2015). "Across Europe with Tommy Robinson: inside the new wave of anti-immigration protest coming soon to Britain". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  26. ^ "EDL leader in lay-by attack". Luton Today. 28 December 2011. Archived from the original on 3 January 2012.
  27. ^ "EDL founder Stephen Lennon guilty over football brawl". BBC News. BBC. 25 July 2011. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  28. ^ "EDL leader 'on hunger strike' in custody". Luton Today. 5 September 2011. Archived from the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
  29. ^ EDL 'Tommy' released from prison in Bedford and on bail for assault, Bedford Today, 14 September 2011; retrieved 4 January 2012.
  30. ^ "EDL members protest outside prison". Bedfordshire Local News. 7 September 2011. Archived from the original on 29 May 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2011.
    - "VIDEO: EDL members hold prison protest". Luton Today. 8 September 2011. Archived from the original on 10 October 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2011.
    - "EDL steps up prison protest". Bedfordshire Local News. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2011.
  31. ^ "Bail term threat of EDL top boss". Bedfordshire Local News. 18 September 2011. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  32. ^ "EDL leader Stephen Lennon convicted of assault". BBC News. 29 September 2011. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011.
  33. ^ Carter, Helen (3 November 2011). "EDL leader sentenced for headbutting fellow protester". The Guardian. London, UK. Archived from the original on 5 July 2017.
  34. ^ BBC, The Big Questions, series 5 episode 13 Archived 19 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine., BBC, broadcast 1 April 2012.
    - BBC, The Big Questions, series 5 episode 13; broadcast 1 April 2012: video from 1:59.
  35. ^ BBC Three Counties Radio, "Olly Mann is joined in the studio by Tommy Robinson who apologises for previous extremist comments" Archived 20 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine., broadcast 9 October 2013
  36. ^ "EDL members fined over rooftop protest". Luton Today. 16 November 2011. Archived from the original on 20 December 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  37. ^ Kevin Rawlinson (25 November 2011). "English Defence League prepares to storm local elections". The Independent. London, UK. Archived from the original on 13 December 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  38. ^ British Freedom Party, "Tommy Robinson steps down from party to devote all his energy to EDL" Archived 21 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ "EDL leader Lennon jailed for passport offence". Sky News. 7 January 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  40. ^ a b "EDL founder Tommy Robinson jailed for mortgage fraud". The Guardian (Associated Press). 23 January 2014. p. 10. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  41. ^ Staff writer (7 January 2013). "EDL leader jailed over USA trip". BBC News. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  42. ^ Staff writer (7 January 2013). "EDL leader Stephen Lennon jailed for passport fraud". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  43. ^ Arden, Christopher (22 February 2013). "English Defence League leader 'released from jail'". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  44. ^ a b c Staff writer (28 October 2013). "Quitting the English Defence League: When Tommy Met Mo". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  45. ^ a b "EDL leader Tommy Robinson quits group". BBC News. 8 October 2013. Archived from the original on 8 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  46. ^ Siddique, Haroon. "Tommy Robinson quits EDL saying it has become 'too extreme'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  47. ^ Malik, Shiv (11 October 2013). "Ex-EDL leader Tommy Robinson says sorry for causing fear to Muslims". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  48. ^ Ansar, Mohammed (19 October 2013). "My 18 months with former EDL leader Tommy Robinson". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  49. ^ Wright, Paul (4 December 2015). "Pegida UK: Tommy Robinson says 'terrorist epicentre' of Birmingham will be location of far-right march". International Business Times. Archived from the original on 12 December 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  50. ^ Steven Hopkins (4 December 2015). "Tommy Robinson, Former EDL Leader, Claims Quilliam Paid Him To Quit Far-Right Group". Huffington Post UK. Archived from the original on 16 October 2016.
  51. ^ "EDL leader Stephen Lennon charged with mortgage fraud". BBC News. 28 November 2012. Archived from the original on 29 November 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  52. ^ "EDL founder Stephen Yaxley-Lennon admits mortgage fraud". BBC News. 26 November 2013. Archived from the original on 5 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  53. ^ "EDL Founder Tommy Robinson in Fear of Muslim Attack Beaten up in Woodhill Prison". International Business Times. 5 February 2014. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  54. ^ a b "Tommy Robinson 'Attacked' In Prison, MoJ Urged To Re-Think Ex- EDL Chief's Incarceration". Huffington Post (UK). 7 February 2014. Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  55. ^ Letter from Maajid Nawaz Archived 8 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine.,, 6 February 2014.
  56. ^ a b "'The guards don't run the prison, Islam does': my interview with a 'reformed' Tommy Robinson". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 19 June 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  57. ^ "Tommy Robinson, former EDL leader, recalled to prison". BBC News. 20 October 2014. Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  58. ^ "EDL return to Luton as march passes peacefully". Luton Today. 24 November 2014. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  59. ^ "EDL founder Tommy Robinson speaks at the Oxford Union". BBC News. 27 November 2014. Archived from the original on 12 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  60. ^ Sherriff, Lucy (27 November 2014). "Tommy Robinson Speaks At Oxford University Union: Fear Has Paralysed The Police". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 31 December 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  61. ^ Cahal Milmo, "EDL founder Tommy Robinson addresses Pegida anti-Islam rally in Holland" Archived 23 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine., The Independent, 13 October 2015
    - Matthew Goodwin, "The fight against Islamophobia is going backwards" Archived 28 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine., The Guardian, 19 October 2015
  62. ^ Steven Hopkins, "Tommy Robinson Hospitalised After Being Attacked Outside Essex Nightclub, Days After Pegida Rally" Archived 16 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Huffington Post UK, 15 February 2016.
  63. ^ Robinson, Tommy (2015). Enemy of the State. Batley, West Yorkshire, England: The Press News Ltd. ISBN 9780957096493.
  64. ^ Bartlett, Jamie (4 February 2016). "What's it like to be Britain's most hated man? Ask Tommy Robinson". Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018.
  65. ^ Penn, Stephen (30 June 2016). "Former EDL leader Tommy Robinson contesting attempted football ban for waving anti-ISIS flag". Bedfordshire News. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  66. ^ "Ex-EDL leader Tommy Robinson wins football ban court case against Bedfordshire police". International Business Times. 19 September 2016. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  67. ^ Raymond Brown, "Ex-EDL leader Tommy Robinson's Cambridge pub incident - police boss defends officers" Archived 3 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Cambridge News, 1 September 2016.
  68. ^ "Tommy Robinson jailed after breaking contempt of court laws". The Independent. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  69. ^ Grafton-Green, Patrick (10 May 2017). "Former EDL leader Tommy Robinson arrested after 'trying to film Muslims' outside court". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 30 December 2017.
  70. ^ Castle, Vicky (8 May 2017). "Far right activist Tommy Robinson was warned by police after turning up at Canterbury Crown Court". Kent Live. Trinity Mirror. Archived from the original on 8 May 2017.
  71. ^ Molloy, Mark (19 June 2017). "Former EDL leader Tommy Robinson condemned over Finsbury Park mosque comments". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 May 2018.
  72. ^ Ruddick, Graham (20 June 2017). "ITV defends EDL founder's appearance on Good Morning Britain". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 June 2017.
    - Osborne, Samuel (20 June 2017). "Finsbury Park mosque attack: EDL founder Tommy Robinson's appearance on Good Morning Britain sparks outrage". The Independent. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017.
    - "Piers Morgan blasts former EDL leader Tommy Robinson". ITV News. 20 June 2017. Archived from the original on 22 June 2017.
    - Horton, Helena; Boyle, Danny (20 June 2017). "'You're stirring up hatred like a bigoted lunatic': Piers Morgan in extraordinary row with ex-EDL leader Tommy Robinson". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 8 May 2018.
  73. ^ Wilford, Greg (25 June 2017). "Former EDL leader Tommy Robinson filmed brawling with man at Ascot". The Independent. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  74. ^ McLoughlin, Peter; Robinson, Tommy (2017). Mohammed's Koran: Why Muslims Kill For Islam. self published. ISBN 9781542627801.
  75. ^ Telegraph Reporters (June 20, 2017). "Who is Tommy Robinson - the former EDL leader once branded a 'bigoted lunatic'". Telegraph. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  76. ^ a b Dearden, Lizzie (25 May 2018). "Tommy Robinson arrested for 'breaching the peace' outside court during grooming trial". The Independent. Archived from the original on 25 May 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2018. Judge Heather Norton handed him a three months imprisonment in May last year but suspended it for 18 months on the condition he did not commit further offences. “It is about preserving the integrity of the jury to continue without people being intimidated or being affected by irresponsible and inaccurate ‘reporting’, if that’s what it was.”
  77. ^ a b c d Daro, Ishmael N. (29 May 2018). "Who Is Tommy Robinson And Why Has His Arrest Captivated The Right Wing Media?". BuzzFeed News.
  78. ^ Perraudin, Frances (29 May 2018). "EDL founder Tommy Robinson jailed for contempt of court". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  79. ^ Casciani, Dominic (29 May 2018). "Ex-EDL leader Tommy Robinson jailed at Leeds court". BBC News. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  80. ^ van Unen, David (28 May 2018). "Britse anti-islamactivist Tommy Robinson de cel in". NRC (in Dutch). Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  81. ^ "Verontwaardiging over publicatieverbod na arrestatie Tommy Robinson". De Telegraaf (in Dutch). 29 May 2018.
  82. ^ Selk, Avi (29 May 2018). "Conservative outrage after anti-Muslim campaigner Tommy Robinson secretly jailed in Britain". Washington Post.
  83. ^ "Right-wing activist Tommy Robinson reportedly jailed after filming outside child grooming trial". Fox News. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  84. ^ Isitman, Elif (29 May 2018). "Duitse politicus wil politiek asiel voor Tommy Robinson". Elsevier (in Dutch).
  85. ^ Independent Reporter (27 May 2018). "Tommy Robinson protest: Hundreds demonstrate in Downing Street after far-right figure arrested". The Independent.
  86. ^ Gayle, Damien; Ntim, Zac (11 June 2018). "Protesters charged after pro-Tommy Robinson rally in London". The Guardian.
  87. ^ Powell, Tom; Grafton-Green, Patrick (15 July 2018). "Twelve arrests as Tommy Robinson activists descend on Whitehall". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  88. ^ Rodger, James (30 May 2018). "Petition to free Tommy Robinson signed 500,000 times after he's jailed for 13 months". Birmingham Mail.
  89. ^ Armstrong, Stephen (28 July 2018). "This is the Twitter data that shows who's backing Tommy Robinson". Wired. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  90. ^ a b Staff writer (29 May 2018). "Ex-EDL leader Tommy Robinson jailed at Leeds court". BBC News. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  91. ^ Bird, Steve. "EDL founder Tommy Robinson jailed for contempt of court after broadcasting tirade on Facebook". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  92. ^ Hosenball, Mark (14 July 2018). "Trump's ambassador lobbied Britain on behalf of jailed right-wing activist Tommy Robinson". Reuters. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  93. ^ Polglase, Katie (26 July 2018). "A jailed UK far-right activist has gained some big-name US supporters". CNN. CNN. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  94. ^ "Tommy Robinson Free – MEF Heavily Involved". Middle East Forum. 1 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  95. ^ "Tommy Robinson's appeal: what happened?". The Secret Barrister. 18 July 2018. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  96. ^ Lizzie Dearden (1 August 2018), "Tommy Robinson faces new contempt hearing after being released from prison", The Independent.
  97. ^ "Tommy Robinson Gives POWERFUL Interview with Tucker Carlson", YouTube.
  98. ^ "UK activist Tommy Robinson speaks out after prison release", Fox News.
  99. ^ Beale, Charlotte (8 August 2018). "Tommy Robinson complains he was 'mentally tortured' because he had no TV in prison". The Independent. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  100. ^ Kentish, Benjamin (6 September 2018). "Ukip to debate inviting Tommy Robinson to join party". The Independent. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  101. ^ "Army investigates Tommy Robinson photo with soldiers". BBC News. 9 October 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
External links Wikiquote has quotations related to: Tommy Robinson (activist)
  • Official website
  • Fact check: Was a Far-Right Activist Jailed for Breaching a Court Order Designed to ‘Protect Muslim Pedophiles’?
  • v
  • t
  • e
English Defence LeagueKey individuals
  • Tim Ablitt
  • Steve Eddowes
  • Tommy Robinson
  • Alan Lake
Related groups
  • British Freedom Party
  • Casuals United
  • European Defence League
  • List of demonstrations
  • v
  • t
  • e
Far-right politics in the United KingdomPre-1945 groups
  • British Brothers League
  • British Fascists
  • British People's Party
  • British Union of Fascists
  • The Britons
  • Britons Publishing Society
  • English National Association
  • Imperial Fascist League
  • The Link
  • Militant Christian Patriots
  • National Fascisti
  • National Party
  • National Socialist League
  • Nordic League
  • Right Club
post-1945 groups
  • British Democratic Party
  • British Empire Party
  • British Freedom Party
  • British People's Party
  • British League of Ex-Servicemen and Women
  • British League of Rights
  • British National Party
  • Column 88
  • Conservative Democratic Alliance
  • Constitutional Movement
  • England First Party
  • Flag Group
  • Freedom Party
  • Greater Britain Movement
  • League of Empire Loyalists
  • Liberty GB
  • National Democratic Party
  • National Democrats
  • National Fellowship
  • National Independence Party
  • National Labour Party
  • National Party
  • National Socialist Action Party
  • National Socialist Movement
  • National Socialist Movement
  • New Britain Party
  • New Nationalist Party
  • Northern League
  • Official National Front
  • Patriotic Party
  • Racial Preservation Society
  • Revolutionary Conservative Caucus
  • Spearhead
  • Union Movement
  • United Country Party
  • White Defence League
  • White Nationalist Party
  • Western Goals Institute
Active groups
  • Blood & Honour
  • Britain First
  • British Democratic Party
  • British Movement
  • British National Party (BNP Youth)
  • Candour
  • Casuals United
  • Christian Council of Britain
  • Combat 18
  • English Defence League
  • English Democrats
  • For Britain
  • International Third Position
  • League of Saint George
  • National Action
  • National Front
  • National Liberal Party
  • Nationalist Alliance
  • November 9th Society
  • Racial Volunteer Force
  • Redwatch
  • Stop Islamisation of Europe
Pre-1945 people
  • Mary Sophia Allen
  • John Amery
  • Henry Hamilton Beamish
  • John Beckett
  • Hastings Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford
  • R. B. D. Blakeney
  • A. K. Chesterton
  • John Henry Clarke
  • Thomas Haller Cooper
  • Barry Domvile
  • Henry Drummond Wolff
  • Josslyn Hay, 22nd Earl of Erroll
  • William Evans-Gordon
  • Robert Forgan
  • Rolf Gardiner
  • Patrick Boyle, 8th Earl of Glasgow
  • Harold Elsdale Goad
  • Reginald Goodall
  • Robert Gordon-Canning
  • Louis Greig
  • Neil Francis Hawkins
  • J. F. C. Fuller
  • William Joyce
  • Arnold Leese
  • Rotha Lintorn-Orman
  • Frank McLardy
  • Diana Mitford
  • Unity Mitford
  • Cynthia Mosley
  • Oswald Mosley
  • Gerard Wallop, 9th Earl of Portsmouth
  • Archibald Maule Ramsay
  • David Freeman-Mitford, 2nd Baron Redesdale
  • Alliott Verdon Roe
  • Edward Russell, 26th Baron de Clifford
  • Alexander Raven Thomson
  • Graham Seton Hutchison
  • Troy Southgate
  • Nesta H. Webster
  • Arthur Wellesley, 5th Duke of Wellington
  • Henry Williamson
  • Ormonde Winter
  • Francis Yeats-Brown
Post-1945 people
  • Tim Ablitt
  • Ian Anderson
  • Richard Barnbrook
  • A. F. X. Baron
  • James Larratt Battersby
  • Derek Beackon
  • John Bean
  • Carl Benjamin
  • Jane, Lady Birdwood
  • Jonathan Bowden
  • Andrew Brons
  • Kevin Bryan
  • Jack Buckby
  • Eddy Butler
  • A. K. Chesterton
  • Mark Collett
  • David Copeland
  • Mark Cotterill
  • Nicky Crane
  • Simon Darby
  • Sharon Ebanks
  • Richard Edmonds
  • Andrew Fountaine
  • Jayda Fransen
  • Paul Golding
  • Nick Griffin
  • Jeffrey Hamm
  • Anthony Hancock
  • Patrick Harrington
  • Ray Hill
  • Derek Holland
  • Tom Holmes
  • Katie Hopkins
  • David Irving
  • Colin Jordan
  • Raheem Kassam
  • Arthur Kemp
  • John Kingsley Read
  • Alan Lake
  • Richard Lawson
  • Tony Lecomber
  • Michael McLaughlin
  • Mark Meechan
  • Eddy Morrison
  • John Morse
  • David Myatt
  • John O'Brien
  • Roy Painter
  • Denis Pirie
  • Kevin Quinn
  • Anthony Reed Herbert
  • Robert Relf
  • Jack Renshaw
  • Colin Robertson
  • Tommy Robinson
  • Robert Row
  • Simon Sheppard
  • Ian Stuart Donaldson
  • Keith Thompson
  • John Tyndall
  • Richard Verrall
  • Adam Walker
  • Anne Marie Waters
  • Paul Joseph Watson
  • Martin Webster
  • Robert West
  • Graham Williamson
  • Martin Wingfield
  • John Graeme Wood
  • Milo Yiannopoulos
Related articles
  • Anglo-German Fellowship
  • Battle of Cable Street
  • British National Party election results
  • Europe a Nation
  • List of British fascist parties
  • List of British far-right groups since 1945
  • National Front election results
  • Organisation for the Maintenance of Supplies
  • Political Soldier
  • Rock Against Communism



WhmSoft Moblog
Copyright (C) 2006-2019 WhmSoft
All Rights Reserved