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Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
Wilkes-Barre (/ˈwɪlksˌbɛər/ or /-bɛəri/) is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the county seat of Luzerne County. It is one of the principal

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"Wilkes-Barre" redirects here. For the township, see Wilkes-Barre Township.

City and County seat in Pennsylvania, United States Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania City and County seat From top to bottom, left to right: Downtown Wilkes-Barre along the Susquehanna River, Wilkes-Barre Public Square, Luzerne County Courthouse, Panorama of Wilkes Barre
Seal Nickname(s): The Diamond City, Coal City, Dub City, The W-B Motto(s): Pattern After Us
Location of Wilkes-Barre in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Wilkes-BarreLocation in Luzerne County, PennsylvaniaShow map of PennsylvaniaWilkes-BarreWilkes-Barre (the US)Show map of the US Coordinates: 41°14′40″N 75°52′41″W / 41.24444°N 75.87806°W / 41.24444; -75.87806Coordinates: 41°14′40″N 75°52′41″W / 41.24444°N 75.87806°W / 41.24444; -75.87806Country United StatesState PennsylvaniaCounty LuzerneFounded 1769Incorporated 1806: Borough  1871: CityNamed for John Wilkes, Isaac BarréGovernment • Type Mayor-council • Body Wilkes-Barre City Council • Mayor Anthony George (D) • City Council[1] Members Area[2] • City and County seat 7.31 sq mi (18.93 km2) • Land 6.98 sq mi (18.08 km2) • Water 0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2)Elevation 525 ft (160 m)Population (2010) • City and County seat 41,498 • Estimate (2016)[3] 40,569 • Density 5,812.18/sq mi (2,244.01/km2) • Metro 562,037 (US: 95th)Time zone UTC-5 (EST) • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)ZIP Codes[4] 18701–18703, 18705, 18706, 18710, 18711, 18762, 18764–18767, 18769, 18773Area code 570 and 272[5]FIPS code 42-85152Website www.wilkes-barre.city/

Wilkes-Barre (/ˈwɪlksˌbɛər/ or /-bɛəri/) is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the county seat of Luzerne County. It is one of the principal cities in the Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located at the center of the Wyoming Valley, it is second in size to the nearby city of Scranton. The Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 563,631 as of the 2010 Census, making it the fourth-largest metro/statistical area in the state of Pennsylvania. Wilkes-Barre and the surrounding Wyoming Valley are framed by the Pocono Mountains to the east, the Endless Mountains to the west, and the Lehigh Valley to the south. The Susquehanna River flows through the center of the valley and defines the northwestern border of the city.

Wilkes-Barre was founded in 1769 and formally incorporated in 1806. The city grew rapidly in the 19th century after the discovery of nearby coal reserves and the arrival of hundreds of thousands of immigrants who provided a labor force for the local mines. The coal mining fueled industrialization in the city, which reached the height of its prosperity in the first half of the 20th century. Its population peaked at more than 86,000. Following World War II, the city's economy declined due to the collapse of industry. The Knox Mine disaster accelerated this trend after large portions of the area's coal mines were flooded and could not be reopened. Today the city has a population of 40,569, making it the largest city in Luzerne County and the 13th-largest city in Pennsylvania.

  • 1 History
    • 1.1 18th century
    • 1.2 19th century
    • 1.3 20th century
      • 1.3.1 Flooding
    • 1.4 21st century
      • 1.4.1 Revitalization and construction
  • 2 Geography
    • 2.1 Neighborhoods
    • 2.2 Adjacent municipalities
    • 2.3 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 3.1 Ethnic groups
  • 4 Economy
  • 5 Arts and culture
    • 5.1 Libraries
    • 5.2 Local attractions
  • 6 Sports
  • 7 Parks and recreation
  • 8 Government
    • 8.1 City government
      • 8.1.1 Executive
      • 8.1.2 Legislative
      • 8.1.3 Audit and Control
      • 8.1.4 Judicial
    • 8.2 County government
    • 8.3 State and federal representation
      • 8.3.1 State
      • 8.3.2 Federal
  • 9 Education
    • 9.1 Schools
  • 10 Media
  • 11 Infrastructure
    • 11.1 Transportation
      • 11.1.1 Airports
      • 11.1.2 Highways
      • 11.1.3 Rail
  • 12 Notable people
  • 13 In popular culture
  • 14 See also
  • 15 Notes
  • 16 References
  • 17 External links
History 18th century A map of Pennsylvania in 1792. Wilkes-Barre is visible in the northeast. At the time, Luzerne County occupied a vast portion of Northeastern Pennsylvania.

By the 18th century, the Wyoming Valley was inhabited by the Shawanese and Delaware Indian (Lenape) tribes. In 1753, the Susquehanna Company was founded in Connecticut for settling the Wyoming Valley (in modern-day Pennsylvania). Connecticut succeeded in purchasing the land from the Native Americans; however, Pennsylvania already claimed the very same territory through a purchase they made in 1736. In 1762, roughly two hundred Connecticut settlers (Yankees) established a settlement near Mill Creek. They planted wheat and constructed log cabins. The Yankees returned to New England for the winter.[6]

The Connecticut settlers returned in the spring of 1763 with their families and additional supplies. A party of Iroquois also visited the area with the dual purpose of turning the Delaware (Lenape) against the colonists and killing Teedyuscung, a local Delaware chief. On April 19, 1763, the residence of the chief, along with several others, was set ablaze. Chief Teedyuscung perished in the inferno. The Iroquois let the Delaware believe that this atrocity was committed by the settlers. As a result, the Delaware attacked the colonists on October 15, 1763. Thirty settlers were killed, and several others were taken prisoner. Those who managed to escape fled back to New England. The Delaware then burned what was left of the Yankee settlement.[6]

In 1769, the Connecticut settlers (Yankees) returned to the Wyoming Valley. Five townships were established by Connecticut. Each one was five square miles and divided amongst forty settlers. Wilkes-Barre Township was one of the original townships; it was named in honor of John Wilkes and Isaac Barré — two British members of Parliament who supported colonial America. Pennsylvanians (Pennamites) also arrived in the valley that same year.[6]

The Connecticut settlers established Fort Durkee, which was named in honor of their leader (Colonel Durkee). This was immediately followed by a series of skirmishes between the Pennsylvanians and Connecticut settlers. The land changed hands several times between the two groups. The Congress of the Confederation was asked to resolve the matter. With the Decree of Trenton, on December 30, 1782, the confederation government officially decided that the region belonged to Pennsylvania; the Wyoming Valley became part of Northumberland County.[6]

Pennsylvania ruled that the Connecticut settlers (Yankees) were not citizens of the Commonwealth. Therefore, they could not vote and were ordered to give up their property claims. In May 1784, armed men from Pennsylvania force-marched the Connecticut settlers away from the valley. By November, the Yankees returned with a greater force. They captured and destroyed Fort Dickinson in Wilkes-Barre. With that victory, a new state (which was separate from both Connecticut and Pennsylvania) was proposed. The new state was to be named Westmoreland. To ensure that they didn't lose the land, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania worked out a compromise with the Connecticut (Yankee) settlers. The Yankee settlers would become citizens of Pennsylvania and their property claims would be restored (prior to the Decree of Trenton). As part of the compromise, Pennsylvania would establish a new county in Northeastern Pennsylvania. The Yankees agreed to the terms.[6]

On September 25, 1786, the Pennsylvania General Assembly passed a resolution which created Luzerne County. It was formed from a section of Northumberland County and named after Chevalier de la Luzerne, a French soldier and diplomat during the 18th century. Wilkes-Barre became the seat of government for the new territory. This resolution ended the idea of creating a new state.[6][7][8]

In 1797, several decades after the community's founding, Louis Philippe, later the King of France from 1830 to 1840, stayed in Wilkes-Barre while traveling to the French Asylum settlement.[9]

19th century Panoramic map of Wilkes-Barre (1872) Hotel Sterling (built in 1897)

Wilkes-Barre's population exploded due to the discovery of anthracite coal in the 19th century. In 1808, Judge Jesse Fell of Wilkes-Barre discovered a solution to ignite anthracite with the usage of an iron grate; it allowed for the coal to light and burn easier. This invention increased the popularity of anthracite as a fuel source. This led to the expansion of the coal industry in Northeastern Pennsylvania; Wilkes-Barre was nicknamed "The Diamond City" due to its high productivity of mining coal.

Throughout the 1800s, canals and railroads were constructed to aid in the mining and transportation of coal. Hundreds of thousands of immigrants flocked to the city; they were seeking jobs in the numerous mines and collieries that sprang up throughout the region. In 1806, Wilkes-Barre Borough was formed from a segment of Wilkes-Barre Township; it was later incorporated as a city in 1871. This was the direct result of the population boom. At its peak, Wilkes-Barre had a population of over 86,000 in the 1930s and 40s.

New industries were established and the Vulcan Iron Works was a well-known manufacturer of railway locomotives from 1849 to 1954. During Wilkes-Barre's reign as an industrial and economic force in America, several major companies and franchises became based in the city, such as Woolworth's, Sterling Hotels, Miner's Bank, Bell Telephone, Luzerne National Bank, and Stegmaier.[10]

20th century Children working in Wilkes-Barre's coal industry (1906) South Main Street from Public Square (c. 1940)

Wilkes-Barre is located within Pennsylvania’s Coal Region. The anthracite coal mining industry, and its extensive use of child labor in the early 20th century, was one of the industries targeted by the National Child Labor Committee and its hired photographer, Lewis Hine. Many of Hine's subjects were photographed in the mines and coal fields near Wilkes-Barre. The impact of the Hine photographs led to the enactment of child labor laws across the country.[11]

The coal industry continued despite several disasters, including an explosion at Wilkes-Barre's Baltimore Colliery in 1919, which killed 92 miners. The industry declined when the United States switched to other energy sources, and most coal operations had left Wilkes-Barre by the end of World War II. The 1959 Knox Mine Disaster, resulting in the flooding of numerous mines, marked the end of large-scale coal mining in the area. Industrial restructuring also caused the city to lose jobs and begin a decades-long decline.[12]

In 1926, Planters Peanuts Company was founded in Wilkes-Barre by two Italian immigrants. The company maintained its headquarters in the city until 1961.[13] In 1929, baseball player Babe Ruth hit one of the longest home runs in history at Artillery Park in Wilkes-Barre.[14]

In November 1972, 365 subscribers of Service Electric Cable were the first to receive HBO's premium cable television service, making Wilkes-Barre the birthplace of modern cable TV programming.[15]

Flooding Temporary flood walls on Market Street in Wilkes-Barre (September 2011) Wilkes-Barre during the September 2011 flood

Manufacturing and retail remained Wilkes-Barre's strongest industries, but the city's economy took a major blow from Tropical Storm Agnes in 1972. The storm pushed the Susquehanna River to a height of nearly 41 feet (12 m), four feet above the city's levees, flooding downtown with nine feet of water. A total of 128 deaths were attributed to the storm. Most drowning deaths were caused by people trapped in their cars. Almost 400,000 homes and businesses were destroyed and 220,000 Pennsylvanians were left homeless (as were hundreds of thousands in other states). Damage was estimated to be $2.1 billion in Pennsylvania alone. President Richard Nixon sent aid to the area, after flying over in his helicopter on his way to his Camp David retreat (on June 24, 1972).[16][17]

Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Wilkes-Barre attempted to prevent the damage from storms as intense as Agnes by building a levee system that rises 41 feet (12 m); completed in January 2003, the network of levees cost roughly $250 million.[18] It has successfully resisted other threatening floods in 1996, 2004, and 2006. The Army Corps of Engineers has praised the quality of the levees. In 2006, the city made the front page of national newspapers when 200,000 residents were told to evacuate in the wake of flooding that was forecast to reach levels near that of 1972, though the flooding fell short of predictions.[19]

In late August 2011, Hurricane Irene off the New Jersey coast caused the Susquehanna River to rise to flood level, but there was no cause for alarm. Then, from September 6 to 8, heavy rains from the inland remnants of Tropical Storm Lee and Hurricane Katia offshore funneled heavy rain over the Wyoming Valley and into the Susquehanna River watershed. The Susquehanna swelled to record levels across the state. In Wilkes-Barre, it crested on September 9 at an all-time record of 42.66 feet (13 m),[20] nearly 2 feet (0.6 m) higher than water levels reached during Hurricane Agnes in 1972. The levees protected Wilkes-Barre, but nearby boroughs were not as lucky. West Pittston, Plymouth, and parts of Plains Township were affected by extreme flooding.

21st century Revitalization and construction Judge Edmund Taylor House (built 1895), now part of the River Street Historic District Public Square The River Common along the Susquehanna River

On June 9, 2005, Mayor Thomas M. Leighton unveiled his "I believe..." campaign for Wilkes-Barre, which was intended to boost the city's spirits. Construction began on a planned downtown theatre complex, which had a grand opening on June 30, 2006. Renovation of the landmark Hotel Sterling was being pursued by CityVest, a nonprofit developer. The expansion of Wilkes University and King's College took place. Also, the canopy and matching street lights in Public Square and across downtown were removed; they were replaced by new green lampposts.

The City of Wilkes-Barre celebrated its 200th anniversary in 2006. Several events, including a Beach Boys concert, were planned but canceled due to extremely heavy rains. Most of the city's population was ordered to evacuate on June 28, 2006. The Bicentennial celebration was postponed to Labor Day weekend, September 3, 2006, and was attended by Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell and the Beach Boys.

The Riverfront revitalization project (River Common), broke ground in 2007 and was completed in early 2010. It has made the riverfront accessible to the public. The area also has a new amphitheater for live performances and improved access through ramps and sidewalks. Fountains and color-changing lights have been added underneath two bridges which carry pedestrian traffic across the normally-open levee. The project stretches approximately four blocks from the Luzerne County Courthouse to the intersection of South River Street and West South Street. The River Common has since hosted concerts and charity events.

Since completion of the River Common, additional improvements to city infrastructure have been progressing. New crosswalks have been installed downtown, including signage emphasizing that pedestrians have the right-of-way. The completion of the James F. Conahan Intermodal Transportation Facility has added parking and relocated Luzerne County buses from their former Public Square staging sites. This has reduced traffic congestion around the square. Private carrier Martz offers coach bus service from the terminal as well.[21]

The widening and realignment of Coal Street, a major road connecting Wilkes-Barre City with Wilkes-Barre Township, was completed in 2012. The new Coal Street provides four lanes over the original two lanes, making travel between the highly commercial Wilkes-Barre Township and the city much easier. In 2013, Hotel Sterling was demolished due to flood damage in the hotel’s basement (which compromised the building’s integrity). As of today, several buildings are in the process of being constructed on the site of the former hotel.[22]

Geography The Susquehanna River and Wilkes-Barre City The skyline at night Stegmaier Federal Building Roth Residence Hall McClintock House (built 1841) Reynolds House (built 1843)

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.2 square miles (19 km2), of which 6.8 square miles (18 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 4.60%, is water. The city is bordered by the Susquehanna River to the west. Most of Downtown is located on a wide floodplain. Floodwalls were constructed to protect a large percentage of the city. The elevation of the downtown area is about 550 feet (170 m) above sea level. As you travel inland, away from the river, the elevation rises. Wilkes-Barre Mountain is a physical barrier southeast of the city.


Wilkes-Barre houses over one dozen neighborhoods:

  • Central City: It is also referred to as "Downtown." This section of the city is located between the Susquehanna River and Wilkes-Barre Boulevard, and between South and North Streets. It is the original foundation of Wilkes-Barre (the 16 blocks claimed by the Connecticut settlers who founded the city). The neighborhood is home to most of the city's high-rises and its one Public Square. Throughout the city's history, the area has remained a hub for all of Luzerne County. During the city's boom, this small area was home to the headquarters of more than 100 national corporations. Today, it still houses the NEPA Headquarters for Verizon, Citizen's Bank, Blue Cross, PNC Bank, Luzerne National Bank, Guard Insurance, and a number of other companies. Thousands of people live and/or work in Downtown Wilkes-Barre every day.
  • North End: This is the area northeast of Downtown. It comprises a number of urban and suburban communities. North End is renowned for its architecture.
  • Parsons: This neighborhood is also northeast of Downtown. This is a quiet part of the city (with a suburban atmosphere). It includes two city parks, a golf course, and a number of factories.
  • Miners' Mills: This community was named after a prominent local family (who lived in the area). Miners' Mills is the last neighborhood on the northeastern border of the city.
  • East End: This neighborhood is directly east of Downtown. East End, along with Heights and Mayflower, are fairly new areas compared to the rest of the city, having only been developed in the 20th Century. Old pictures of the Stegmaier Building indicate that everything east of Downtown was undeveloped until the 1900s.
  • Heights: This section of the city is located southeast of Downtown. It is centered between East End and Mayflower.
  • Mayflower: This area is located south of Downtown. It was once home to numerous mansions owned by various "bigwigs." Today it houses the OKT, Lincoln Plaza, and Park Avenue residential housing communities. From the high streets of Mayflower, the best view of Downtown can be seen.
  • South Wilkes-Barre: This neighborhood is located directly southwest of Downtown. It was home to the national headquarters of Planter's Peanuts and the Bell Telephone Company (in the 20th Century). One of the tallest churches in Luzerne County, St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Church, dominates the south end skyline (standing at nearly 200 feet).
  • Goose Island: This area is located in the southwestern section of the city between South Wilkes-Barre and Rolling Mill Hill.
  • Rolling Mill Hill: This neighborhood is also located in the southwestern part of the city.
  • Iron Triangle: This is another community southwest of Downtown.
  • Other neighborhoods and sub-neighborhoods: There are other smaller neighborhoods and sub-neighborhoods in Wilkes-Barre City (e.g., Brookside, Upper Miners' Mills, Lower Miners' Mills, and Barney Farms).
Adjacent municipalities
  • Wilkes-Barre Township (southeast)
  • Plains Township (east and northeast)
  • Kingston (north)
  • Edwardsville (northwest)
  • Larksville (west)
  • Hanover Township (southwest)
  • Bear Creek Township (southwest)

Wilkes-Barre has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa/Dfb) with four distinct seasons. Winters are cold with a January average of 25.8 °F (−3.4 °C).[23] The surrounding mountains have an influence on the climate (including both precipitation and temperatures), leading to wide variations within a short distance.[24] On average, temperatures below 0 °F (−17.8 °C) are infrequent, occurring 3 days per year, and there are 36 days where the maximum temperature remains below 32 °F (0.0 °C).[24] The average annual snowfall is 46.2 inches (117 cm) during the winter (in which severe snowstorms are rare).[24] However, when snowstorms do occur, they can disrupt normal routines for several days.[24]

Summers are warm with a July average of 71.4 °F (21.9 °C).[23] In an average summer, temperatures exceeding 90 °F (32.2 °C) occur on 9 days and can occasionally exceed 100 °F (37.8 °C).[25] Spring and fall are unpredictable with temperatures ranging from cold to warm (although they are usually mild). On average, Wilkes-Barre receives 38.2 inches (970 mm) of precipitation each year, which is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year (though the summer months receive more precipitation).[25] Extreme temperatures range from −21 °F (−29.4 °C) on January 21, 1994, to 103 °F (39.4 °C) on July 9, 1936.[25] Wilkes-Barre averages 2,303 hours of sunshine per year, ranging from a low of 96 hours in December (or 33% of possible sunshine) to 286 hours in July (or 62% of possible sunshine).[26]

Climate data for Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Int'l Airport, Pennsylvania (1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1901–present[b]) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 69
(21) 76
(24) 85
(29) 93
(34) 93
(34) 99
(37) 103
(39) 102
(39) 100
(38) 91
(33) 81
(27) 71
(22) 103
(39) Mean maximum °F (°C) 55.4
(13) 56.4
(13.6) 69.6
(20.9) 81.3
(27.4) 86.6
(30.3) 89.8
(32.1) 91.8
(33.2) 90.0
(32.2) 85.7
(29.8) 77.3
(25.2) 68.7
(20.4) 57.5
(14.2) 93.4
(34.1) Average high °F (°C) 33.2
(0.7) 36.8
(2.7) 46.2
(7.9) 59.1
(15.1) 69.7
(20.9) 77.7
(25.4) 81.9
(27.7) 79.9
(26.6) 72.3
(22.4) 60.7
(15.9) 49.4
(9.7) 37.5
(3.1) 58.8
(14.9) Average low °F (°C) 18.5
(−7.5) 20.7
(−6.3) 27.6
(−2.4) 38.2
(3.4) 47.6
(8.7) 56.5
(13.6) 60.9
(16.1) 59.5
(15.3) 52.1
(11.2) 41.1
(5.1) 33.3
(0.7) 23.8
(−4.6) 40.1
(4.5) Mean minimum °F (°C) −0.8
(−18.2) 3.2
(−16) 9.1
(−12.7) 24.0
(−4.4) 34.4
(1.3) 43.1
(6.2) 49.4
(9.7) 47.1
(8.4) 37.5
(3.1) 28.3
(−2.1) 18.9
(−7.3) 5.9
(−14.5) −3.1
(−19.5) Record low °F (°C) −21
(−29) −19
(−28) −4
(−20) 8
(−13) 27
(−3) 34
(1) 43
(6) 38
(3) 29
(−2) 19
(−7) 6
(−14) −13
(−25) −21
(−29) Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.37
(60.2) 2.03
(51.6) 2.55
(64.8) 3.33
(84.6) 3.52
(89.4) 4.03
(102.4) 3.79
(96.3) 3.41
(86.6) 4.07
(103.4) 3.34
(84.8) 3.14
(79.8) 2.68
(68.1) 38.26
(971.8) Average snowfall inches (cm) 14.2
(36.1) 9.3
(23.6) 9.0
(22.9) 3.3
(8.4) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0.1
(0.3) 2.9
(7.4) 7.4
(18.8) 46.2
(117.3) Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 12.0 11.0 11.8 12.3 13.2 12.8 11.2 11.3 10.2 10.7 11.2 11.5 139.2 Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 9.3 7.7 5.0 1.7 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 2.1 7.1 33.0 Average relative humidity (%) 70.1 67.5 63.3 60.4 64.6 70.5 71.1 73.8 75.2 71.6 71.8 72.5 69.4 Mean monthly sunshine hours 130.3 143.7 185.7 210.5 246.9 269.7 285.7 257.2 200.2 173.3 104.3 95.9 2,303.4 Percent possible sunshine 44 48 50 53 55 60 62 60 54 50 35 33 52 Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1964–1990, sun 1961–1990)[25][23][26] Demographics Historical population Census Pop. %± 1800835—18101,22546.7%1820755−38.4%18401,718—18502,72358.5%18604,25356.2%187010,174139.2%188023,339129.4%189037,71861.6%190051,72137.1%191067,10529.7%192073,83310.0%193086,62617.3%194086,236−0.5%195076,826−10.9%196063,068−17.9%197058,856−6.7%198051,551−12.4%199047,523−7.8%200043,123−9.3%201041,498−3.8%Est. 201640,569[3]−2.2%U.S. Decennial Census[28]
2013 Estimate[29]

The city's population has been in constant decline since the 1930s. As of the 2010 census, the city was 79.2% White, 10.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.4% Asian, and 2.9% were two or more races. Of the population, 11.3% were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.[30] The Hispanic population was just 1.58% of the population as of the 2000 census.

As of the 2000 census, there were 43,123 people, 17,961 households, and 9,878 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,296.3 people per square mile (2,430.6/km2). There were 20,294 housing units at an average density of 2,963.1 per square mile (1,143.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.30% White, 5.09% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.58% of the population.

The average household size was 2.20, and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 19.9% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females (age 18 and over), there were 90.7 males.

The local accent of American English is Northeast Pennsylvania English.

Ethnic groups

As of recent estimates[citation needed], the largest ethnic groups in Wilkes-Barre are:

  • Polish 23.4%
  • Irish 21.3%
  • Mexican 21.0%
  • German 17.9%
  • English 17.1%
  • Puerto Rican 16.4%
  • Welsh 16.2%
  • Italian 15.0%
  • Slovak 13.8%
  • Russian 13.4%
  • Ukrainian 12.8%
  • Greek 11.4%
  • African-American 10.9%
  • Lithuanian 9.1%
  • Arab 1.0%

Family Median Income in Wilkes-Barre is $44,430, compared to the national average of $64,585. Unemployment in June 2014 was 7%.[31] 49% of jobs were in sales, office, administrative support, production, transportation, and material moving sectors. In 2009, 31.9% of residents lived below the poverty line, nearly double the Pennsylvania average of 16.4%.[32] Large employers in the city include GUARD Insurance Group and Lord & Taylor.

Arts and culture Osterhout Free Library in Wilkes-Barre Libraries

Along with the libraries associated with the colleges, Wilkes-Barre has several libraries. These include three branches of the Osterhout Free Library, with the headquarters for the Luzerne County Library System in the main branch.[33][34][35]

Local attractions
  • F. M. Kirby Center for the Performing Arts[36]
  • Frederick Stegmaier Mansion[37]
  • Little Theatre of Wilkes-Barre[38]
  • Luzerne County Museum[39]
  • Mohegan Sun at Pocono Downs, Pennsylvania's first slots casino
  • Wyoming Monument
  • Luzerne County Historical Society
  • Dorothy Dickson Darte Center for the Performing Arts, located on the campus of Wilkes University[40]
Sports Club League Venue Established Parent Club League
Championships Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders IL, Baseball PNC Field 1989 New York Yankees 2 Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins AHL, Ice hockey Mohegan Sun Arena at Casey Plaza 1999 Pittsburgh Penguins 0[41] Parks and recreation A Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins hockey game at the Mohegan Sun Arena

Wilkes-Barre has a Downtown Riverfront Park system that contains 91 acres of open space.[42]

Kirby Park is a public park located along the western bank of the Susquehanna River. Kirby Park is one of the region's most valued recreational resources. Given to the City of Wilkes-Barre by the Kirby Family, the park welcomes hundreds of thousands each year. The park is the setting for the City of Wilkes-Barre's annual Cherry Blossom Festival (held during the last weekend of April) and the city's 4th of July Celebration. Its amenities include tennis courts, a fitness trail, pond, walking paths, running track, softball fields, parking area, volleyball courts, pavilions and more.[43]

Nesbitt Park is also located on the west side of the Susquehanna River. It is located across from Kirby Park. Nesbitt is open to the public. It has walking paths and areas for picnicking.

The River Common is located along the eastern bank of the Susquehanna River. The Market Street Bridge bisects the park. The River Common joins with the Luzerne County Courthouse grounds. Its features include a 750-person amphitheater, paved walk-ways, gardens, ornamental trees, seating areas, a fishing pier, and two grand gateways connecting the city to the river.

Government City government Wilkes-Barre City Hall See also: List of mayors of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania Executive

The city is headed by an elected mayor, who serves four-year terms. The current mayor is Anthony George (Democrat). He has been in office since 2016. Before becoming mayor, George served as the Wilkes-Barre Chief of Police.


The legislative branch consists of a five-member City Council. They are elected by a single-member district to four-year terms. The following are current members of the council: Bill Barrett, Mike Belusko, Tony Brooks, Beth Gilbert, and Michael Merritt.

Audit and Control

The office of Audit and Control is the third branch of Wilkes-Barre City government. It is headed by the City Controller, elected to a four-year term. Darren G. Snyder, the current City Controller, is a Democrat and has been in office since 2016. The City Controller has the following powers and duties:

  1. Examine, audit and verify all books, records and accounts of the various administrative and legislative units, departments, offices or officials under the control or supervision of the Mayor or Council, and for this purpose have access to all such books, records and accounts at any time.
  2. Examine and approve for payment all contracts, purchase orders, and other documents by which the City incurs financial obligations, having ascertained before approval that monies have been duly appropriated or provided for and allotted to meet such obligations.
  3. Audit and approve all bills, invoices, payrolls and other evidence of claims, demands or charges paid from City funds.
  4. Submit reports to the City Council and the Mayor of any records deemed in violation of law or contrary to accepted accounting procedures.
  5. Prepare and submit to Council and the Mayor within sixty (60) days of the end of every fiscal year a complete financial statement of the affairs of the City with such comments as the Controller deems appropriate.
  6. Employ a Deputy and/or other personnel essential to the accomplishment of his duties.
  7. Delegate any duty and/or responsibility to the Deputy Controller that he shall deem necessary.
  8. Audit Authorities of the City as he deems appropriate and not contrary to law.

The City of Wilkes-Barre is served by two City Attorneys (Timothy Henry and Maureen Collins). They advise both the Mayor and City Council.

County government The Luzerne County Courthouse houses the county government See also: Luzerne County Council and Luzerne County Manager

The Luzerne County government operates out of Wilkes-Barre. The city is the administrative center of Luzerne County. The county government is responsible for imposing taxes, providing services to the public, and administering laws and regulations. They govern over a population of nearly 320,000 people. Many government offices are situated within the county courthouse (located at 200 North River Street in Downtown Wilkes-Barre). The Luzerne County Court of Common Pleas also operates out of the same building.

On November 2, 2010, the voters of Luzerne County held a referendum on the question of home rule. A total of 51,413 (55.25%) voted in favor of home rule, while another 41,639 (44.75%) voted against the move. This vote was the direct result of the corruption, wasteful spending, higher property taxes, and out-of-control debt facing the county.[44] The home rule charter took effect on January 2, 2012; the Luzerne County Board of Commissioners was abolished and replaced with the new form of government (council–manager government). This government consists of a county council. The council chair, who is appointed by his or her fellow council members, is both the highest-ranking officer on the assembly and the head of county government for ceremonial purposes.[45] The council also appoints and works alongside a full-time manager (who supervises the county’s day-to-day operations).

The county government is also made up of many other officials (e.g., the county controller, district attorney, and sheriff).

State and federal representation See also: Pennsylvania General Assembly and United States Congress State
  • Eddie Day Pashinski (D) represents Wilkes-Barre in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives.
  • John Yudichak (D) represents the city in the Pennsylvania State Senate.
  • Matthew Cartwright (D) represents Wilkes-Barre on the federal level (in the U.S. House of Representatives).
  • Bob Casey (D) and Pat Toomey (R) represent the entire Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the U.S. Senate.
Education Administration Building, King's College Schools

Wilkes-Barre City is part of the Wilkes-Barre Area School District. The city has four high schools:

  • James M. Coughlin High School
  • G.A.R. (Grand Army of the Republic) Memorial High School
  • Holy Redeemer High School
  • Elmer L. Meyers High School

The area in and around Wilkes-Barre consists of several colleges/universities:

  • King's College
  • Wilkes University
  • Misericordia University
  • Luzerne County Community College
  • Penn State Wilkes-Barre
  • The Commonwealth Medical College

Times Leader and The Citizens' Voice are the two largest daily newspapers in Wilkes-Barre. The Wyoming Valley's NBC affiliate, WBRE-TV 28, is the only television station licensed to Wilkes-Barre, but WNEP-TV 16 (ABC), WYOU 22 (CBS), WVIA-TV 44 (PBS), and WSWB 38 (CW), all in Scranton, WOLF-TV 56 (Fox) in Hazleton, and WQMY 53 (MyNetworkTV) in Williamsport also serve the city. Wilkes-Barre's radio market is ranked No. 69 by Arbitron's ranking system. There are news, adult alternative, and music radio stations which are receivable in the area.

Infrastructure Transportation Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport Airports

Five international airlines fly from the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport in nearby Pittston Township. Smaller, private planes may also use the Wilkes-Barre Wyoming Valley Airport in Forty Fort.


Interstate 81 passes north–south near Wilkes-Barre, and the city is also located near the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike. It is also about 10 miles (16 km) north of Interstate 80. Pennsylvania Route 309 also passes near Wilkes-Barre.

Public transportation is provided by the Luzerne County Transportation Authority. In addition to servicing the city, it provides transportation for the northern half of the county. It also has a connecting bus to Scranton via an interchange at Pittston with the Transit System of Lackawanna County (COLTS), the public transit authority of Lackawanna County. Martz Trailways provides intercity bus service from the Martz Trailways Bus Terminal in downtown Wilkes-Barre to Scranton, New York City, Philadelphia, Atlantic City, and Sands Casino Resort Bethlehem.[46]


The city was at one time served by the Lehigh Valley Railroad, Central Railroad of New Jersey, the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad (later Erie Lackawanna Railway), Delaware and Hudson Railway, the Pennsylvania Railroad, the Wilkes-Barre and Eastern Railroad, and the Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad (known as the Laurel Line). The Wilkes-Barre Traction Company formed a streetcar line from Georgetown to Nanticoke and over the river into Plymouth (it ceased operations in the mid-1940s). Today, the Canadian Pacific Railway (successor to the Delaware and Hudson) and the Luzerne and Susquehanna Railroad (designated-operator of a county-owned shortline) provide freight service within the city.

Notable people
  • Hazel Barnes, philosopher
  • Douglas Carter Beane, playwright[47]
  • Al Bedner, NFL player
  • David Bohm, quantum physicist
  • Benjamin Burnley, lead singer and guitarist for rock band Breaking Benjamin
  • Lillian Cahn, co-founder of Coach, Inc. and Coach handbag designer[48]
  • George Catlin, artist
  • Britton Chance, bio-physicist and Olympic sailor
  • Mark Ciavarella, disgraced judge in kids for cash scandal
  • Mark Cohen, street photographer
  • Colleen Corby, 1960s fashion model[49]
  • Mary Helen Peck Crane (1827–1891), activist, writer; mother of Stephen Crane
  • Amasa Dana, former U.S. Congressman
  • Charles B. Dougherty, Army National Guard major general who commanded the 28th Infantry Division
  • Mark Duda, NFL player, Lackawanna College football head coach
  • Francis A. "Mother" Dunn, football player for the Canton Bulldogs
  • David Evans, Hollywood filmmaker most known for the movie The Sandlot
  • Jesse Fell, early experimenter with anthracite coal
  • Pat Finn, game show host whose shows include Lifetime's, The Family Channel's, and PAX's Shop 'til You Drop
  • Ham Fisher, cartoonist
  • Tess Gardella, actress
  • William Harmatz, jockey, winner of 1959 Preakness Stakes
  • George Washington Helme, businessman and founder of Helmetta, New Jersey
  • Joe Hergert, former professional football player
  • Raye Hollitt, bodybuilder, American Gladiators and actress, Skin Deep
  • Qadry Ismail, former NFL wide receiver on the Baltimore Ravens
  • Raghib Ismail, former NFL player and Heisman Trophy runner-up
  • Florence Foster Jenkins, unconventional operatic soprano, subject of film starring Meryl Streep
  • Candy Jones, fashion model, writer, radio personality[50]
  • Dorothy Andrews Elston Kabis, Treasurer of the United States
  • James Karen, actor
  • Mary Holland Kinkaid, journalist
  • Michael J. Kirwan, represented Youngstown, Ohio in Congress, 1938–1970
  • Franz Kline, abstract expressionist painter
  • Mike Konnick, former MLB player
  • Mary Jo Kopechne, passenger killed in car driven by Ted Kennedy at Chappaquidick
  • Harley Jane Kozak, actress and author
  • Matthew Lesko, infomercial personality
  • Edward B. Lewis, winner of the 1995 Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine
  • Santo Loquasto, production designer
  • Garrick Mallery, ethnologist
  • Herman Mankiewicz, screenwriter of Citizen Kane
  • Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Academy Award-winning director and producer
  • Al Markim, actor (Tom Corbett, Space Cadet)[51]
  • Mary McDonnell, actress twice nominated for Academy Award
  • Edward Peter McManaman, Roman Catholic bishop
  • Edward Meneeley, painter
  • Albert Mudrian, author and magazine editor
  • Leo C. Mundy, Pennsylvania state senator and physician
  • Jozef Murgas, radio pioneer
  • Claudette Nevins, actress
  • Amedeo Obici, founder of Planters Peanuts
  • Rose O'Neill, cartoonist, illustrator, artist, and writer.
  • Jerry Orbach, Tony award-winning actor
  • Phil Ostrowski, NFL player
  • John Paluck, football player for Washington Redskins and Pro Bowl selection
  • William Daniel Phillips, co-recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics
  • Mendy Rudolph, NBA referee from 1953 to 1975
  • Sam Savitt, equestrian artist, author
  • Michael Schoeffling, actor, played Jake Ryan in film Sixteen Candles
  • Don Schwall, MLB pitcher
  • M. Gerald Schwartzbach, California criminal defense attorney[52]
  • Greg Skrepenak, former NFL player, convicted felon
  • Jonathan Slavin, character actor
  • Ron Solt, former NFL player
  • Jacob Sullum, journalist and author, featured in Academy Award-nominated documentary Super Size Me[53]
  • Bob Sura, basketball player, Houston Rockets
  • Louis Teicher, pianist; member of the duo Ferrante & Teicher
  • Alexis Toth (St. Alexis of Wilkes-Barre), saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church
  • Michael Whalen, actor
  • Ira W. Wood, represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district from 1904 to 1913[54]
  • Tom Woodeshick, professional football player[55]
  • Frank Zane, bodybuilder, three-time Mr. Olympia, won Mr. America, Mr. Universe, Mr. World; donated gym at Wilkes University
In popular culture
  • Wilkes-Barre's economic plight is featured in the movie Capitalism: A Love Story, directed by Michael Moore.[56]
  • The Wilkes-Barre variation (or Traxler variation, as it is more commonly known) of the Two Knights' Defense is named for the Wilkes-Barre chess club.[57]
  • In the TV series Supernatural episode 8.13 "Everyone Hates Hitler," the lead protagonists investigate a case in Wilkes-Barre.[58][59]
See also
  • Giants Despair Hillclimb
  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  2. ^ Official records for Avoca/Wilkes-Barre–Scranton kept at downtown Scranton from January 1901 to 17 April 1955 and at Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport since 18 April 1955.[27]
  1. ^ "City Council". Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved December 17, 2014..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
  5. ^ "City of Wilkes Barre, PA Zip Codes". Retrieved December 17, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Early Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne Co., Pa". www.pagenweb.org. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  7. ^ "History – Kingston Borough". kingstonpa.org.
  8. ^ 1769 The Pennamite Wars, The Society of Colonial Wars in Connecticut. Accessed March 26, 2017.
  9. ^ ""A History of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania" Page 14, 1909". Mocavo.com. 2013-04-02. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  10. ^ Pennsylvania Historical Society
  11. ^ Troncale, Anthony T. "About Lewis Wickes Hine". New York Public Library. Archived from the original on 2007-03-08. Retrieved 2007-05-22.
  12. ^ "Knox Mine Disaster". www.pagenweb.org. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  13. ^ Staff. "14 things you didn't know about Mr. Peanut as he heads to Mechanicsburg", The Patriot-News, July 13, 2016. Accessed March 26, 2017. "Amedeo Obici, along with his friend and business partner, Mario Peruzzi, founded Planters Peanut Co. in Wilkes-Barre in 1906."
  14. ^ "Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees". Minorleaguebaseball.com. October 12, 1926. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
  15. ^ Nissley, Erin L. "Local History: NEPA put HBO on the dial", The Scranton Times-Tribune, November 3, 2013. Accessed March 26, 2017. "Home Box Office, known more commonly as HBO, got its start in 1972 with about 365 subscribers in Wilkes-Barre. It was the channel's first affiliation."
  16. ^ Lipman, Don (June 21, 2012). "Hurricane Agnes: A look back after 40 years".
  17. ^ "Retrospective: The Damage Caused by Hurricane Agnes – Washingtonian". June 19, 2012.
  18. ^ Skrapits, Eizabeth. "Four years later, levee system standing tall", The Citizens' Voice, September 9, 2015. Accessed March 27, 2017. "The levee was officially completed on Jan. 14, 2003. The cost totaled more than $250 million. Belleman said the system was designed for an Agnes-level flood of 41 feet, but it held up under the larger Tropical Storm Lee flood."
  19. ^ Staff. " Levees hold Susquehanna; Delaware River rages; Wilkes-Barre evacuees head back home; death toll rises", CNN, June 29, 2006. Accessed March 27, 2007. "The news was better in northeastern Pennsylvania, where a mandatory evacuation affecting up to 200,000 people in Wilkes-Barre and a nearby valley area was lifted.Officials said the city's $175 million levee system held back the rising Susquehanna River despite floods caused by overflowing tributaries and creeks, and rain that averaged a half-inch an hour in some areas."
  20. ^ "Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service for the Susquehanna River at Wilkes-Barre". NOAA National Weather Service. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
  21. ^ "W-B intermodal center opens today". Citizens Voice. July 6, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  22. ^ "Developer presents plans for former Hotel Sterling site - Times Leader". timesleader.com. March 20, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  23. ^ a b c "Station Name: PA WILKES-BARRE INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
  24. ^ a b c d "Local Climatological Data–Annual Summary with Comparative Data: Wilkes–Barre/Scranton" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  25. ^ a b c d "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
  26. ^ a b "NOAA". NOAA.
  27. ^ ThreadEx
  28. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 19, 2013.
  29. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
  30. ^ "Census 2010: Pennsylvania". USA Today. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  31. ^ "Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania Economy". www.bestplaces.net. Retrieved 2018-01-15.
  32. ^ "Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (PA) poverty rate data - information about poor and low income residents living in this city". www.city-data.com.
  33. ^ "Locations & Hours – Osterhout Free Library". Osterhout Free Library. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  34. ^ "Luzerne County Libraries". www.luzernelibraries.org. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  35. ^ "About the Luzerne County Library System". www.luzernelibraries.org. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  36. ^ "The F.M. Kirby Center for the Performing Arts". Kirbycenter.org. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  37. ^ "The Frederick Stegmaier Mansion". Stegmaiermansion.com. 2011-05-26. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  38. ^ "Little Theatre of Wilkes-Barre". Ltwb.org. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  39. ^ Luzerne County Historical Society. "Welcome to the Luzerne County Historical Society website | NEPA Luzerne County Pennsylvania history". Luzernehistory.org. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  40. ^ "Wilkes Division of Performing Arts". Wilkes University. Archived from the original on April 1, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  41. ^ "脱毛は、自宅でも簡単にできる! 脇、手足、ビキニラインも!". wbslacrosse.com. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  42. ^ "Wilkes-Barre River Common". Tour NEPA. Luzerne County Convention and Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  43. ^ "Resident Services". Wilkes-barre.pa.us. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  44. ^ "Election Results Archive". Luzerne County. Retrieved 2018-06-19.
  45. ^ "Home Rule Charter". Luzerne County. Retrieved 2018-06-19.
  46. ^ "Daily Passenger Service Schedules" (PDF). Martz Group. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  47. ^ "Douglas Carter Beane: Interview". Oasis Journals. February 20, 2007. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  48. ^ Vitello, Paul (2013-03-07). "Lillian Cahn, Creator of the Coach Handbag, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
  49. ^ Kahn, S. "Modeling: Money and Madness!", Teen, December 1963
  50. ^ Flint, Peter B. "Candy Jones Dies; Ex-Model, Teacher, And Writer Was 64", The New York Times, January 19, 1990. Retrieved December 20, 2007.
  51. ^ Barnes, Mike (2015-11-27). "Al Markim, Actor on the 1950s TV Serial 'Tom Corbett, Space Cadet,' Dies at 88". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2015-12-22.
  52. ^ Andrew Blankstein (March 28, 2005). "Attorney Makes Mark by Taking Cases That Others Avoid". Los Angeles Times.
  53. ^ Sullum, Jacob (2011-01-04) First Wine, Now Beer in (Some) Pennsylvania Supermarkets; Coming Soon: Cats and Dogs Living Together, Reason
  54. ^ Ira Wells Wood, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 6, 2007.
  55. ^ "Tom Woodeshick". NFL Enterprises. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  56. ^ "Capitalism: A Love Story – facts". Michaelmoore.com. Archived from the original on November 29, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  57. ^ "Alex Dunne May 1998". uschess.org. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  58. ^ "8.13 Everybody Hates Hitler". supernaturalwiki.com.
  59. ^ "A Golem on Supernatural". Congregation Rodfei Zedek.
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Wilkes-Barre.
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  • v
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Wyoming ValleyCounties
  • Lackawanna
  • Luzerne
  • Wyoming
  • Scranton
  • Back Mountain
  • Wilkes-Barre
  • Dunmore
  • Hanover Township
  • Hazleton
  • Kingston
  • Mountain Top
  • Nanticoke
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Bodies of water
  • Susquehanna River
  • Rocky Run (Susquehanna River)
  • Turtle Creek (Susquehanna River)
  • Black Creek (Susquehanna River)
  • Paddy Run
  • Shickshinny Creek
  • Hunlock Creek
  • Harveys Creek
  • Newport Creek
  • Nanticoke Creek
  • Warrior Creek
  • Solomon Creek
  • Coal Creek (Susquehanna River)
  • Wadham Creek
  • Brown Creek
  • Toby Creek
  • Mill Creek (Susquehanna River)
  • Abrahams Creek
  • Hicks Creek (Susquehanna River)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Home Rule Municipalities in the Commonwealth of PennsylvaniaFirst Class
  • Township of Cheltenham
  • Township of Haverford
  • Township of McCandless
  • Township of Mt. Lebanon
  • Township of O'Hara
  • Township of Penn Hills
  • City of Philadelphia
  • Township of Plymouth
  • Township of Radnor
  • Township of Upper Darby
  • Township of Upper St. Clair
  • Township of Whitehall
  • Township of Wilkes-Barre
Second Class
  • Township of Chester
  • Township of Elk
  • Township of Ferguson
  • Township of Hampton
  • Township of Hanover
  • Township of Horsham
  • Borough of Kingston
  • Township of Middletown
  • Township of Peters
  • Township of Pine
  • City of Pittsburgh
  • Township of Richland
  • Township of Tredyffrin
  • Township of Upper Providence
  • Township of West Deer
  • Township of Whitemarsh
Third Class
  • City of Allentown
  • City of Carbondale
  • City of Chester
  • City of Clairton
  • City of Coatesville
  • City of Farrell
  • City of Franklin
  • City of Greensburg
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  • City of Wilkes-Barre
  • Borough of Bellevue
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  • Borough of Bryn Athyn
  • Borough of Cambridge Springs
  • Borough of Chalfont
  • City of DuBois
  • Borough of Edinboro
  • Borough of Greentree
  • City of Hazleton
  • Township of Kingston
  • Borough of Monroeville
  • Borough of Murrysville
  • Borough of Norristown
  • Borough of Portage
  • Township of Salisbury
  • City of Scranton
  • Borough of State College
  • Borough of Tyrone
  • Borough of West Chester
  • Borough of Whitehall
  • Borough of Youngsville
  • v
  • t
  • e
City of Wilkes-Barre
  • County
  • Historic sites
  • Mayors
  • Mohegan Sun Arena at Casey Plaza
  • Mohegan Sun at Pocono Downs
  • Wyoming Monument
  • Luzerne County Historical Society
  • PNC Field
Authority control
  • WorldCat Identities
  • GND: 4453060-2
  • ISNI: 0000 0000 8510 1943
  • LCCN: n79063066
  • NARA: 10045776
  • VIAF: 125168230

Wilkes-Barre (Images of America)
Wilkes-Barre (Images of America)
Wilkes-Barre, founded in 1769, is a city of changes: environmental changes brought on by the Susquehanna River and industrial changes that transformed a quiet farming community into a busy breaker town. When anthracite coal was discovered in the 1800s and massive coal breakers were built, immigrants from eastern, western, and southern Europe began to arrive. As these immigrants arrived, they changed the face of the city, creating their own communities and hamlets. Fortunately for the citizens of the Wyoming Valley, changes continue today, thanks to many forward-thinking men and women who see the potential in something old and take the time to make it new again.

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One Traveler
One Traveler
In the spring of 1860, seventeen-year-old Sidney Judson loses his parents in a carriage accident. Although he thought of 
himself as a grown man before their deaths, now he cannot bear to stay at the home he shared with them. He 
leaves Roswell, Georgia to journey north to his father's hometown in Pennsylvania where he stays with his aunt and uncle, soon discovering that they are members of the Underground Railroad. While Sidney is facing the past his father tried 
to forget and coming to terms with his own role in his 
parents' deaths, his entire belief system is challenged by 
the community around him. His attraction to the winsome Rachel further complicates his situation as her inner person far outshines that of his sweetheart in Georgia. The closer he grows to his northern family, the more he wishes he'd never promised to return to the south. 

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Wilkes-Barre Postcard T Shirt Pennsylvania PA Travel Gift
Wilkes-Barre Postcard T Shirt Pennsylvania PA Travel Gift
Wilkes-Barre Postcard T Shirt Pennsylvania PA Travel Souvenir. Greetings To You From Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania PA. A road trip travel souvenir gift tshirt tee. A retro design featuring a vintage big large letter postcard.

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A History of Wilkes-Barre Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, Vol. 1 of 3: From Its First Beginnings to the Present Time Present Time, Including Chapters of ... Many Biographical Sketches and Much Geneal
A History of Wilkes-Barre Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, Vol. 1 of 3: From Its First Beginnings to the Present Time Present Time, Including Chapters of ... Many Biographical Sketches and Much Geneal
Excerpt from A History of Wilkes-Barre Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, Vol. 1 of 3: From Its First Beginnings to the Present Time Present Time, Including Chapters of Newly-Discovered, Early Wyoming Valley History, Together With Many Biographical Sketches and Much Genealogical MaterialAfter careful consideration it seemed to me that, In the circum stances, the proper course for me to pursue was: to stop the work of printing, and devote a considerable amount of time to further investiga tion and consideration of the subject matter in hand.In the execution of this plan a large amount Of time has been necessarily expended, the printing of the work has gone on by slow degrees, and, instead Of appearing in one volume of about 700 pages (as originally intended, and arranged for), the work comprises three royal 8vo volumes, aggregating over pages. Two of these volumes are published at this time, while the third and final volume (which will contain a very complete and comprehensive index to the three volumes) will appear about the close of the present year.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

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Wilkes-Barre, PA: Return to Glory!: The City's Return to Glory Begins with Dreams and Ideas
Wilkes-Barre, PA: Return to Glory!: The City's Return to Glory Begins with Dreams and Ideas
Wilkes-Barre PA has been a dying city. It is time we who live here pick ourselves up by the bootstraps and begin our return to gloryIn the middle of the last century, Wilkes-Barre's population was approaching 90,000. Today it is 43,000. This did not happen overnight. Over the years, many of the city's kind benefactors, such as the Kirby family, helped keep the city vibrant. Whenever it needed a boost, they were there to rejuvenate. Having had half the population move out of town, Wilkes-Barre no longer could count on a local family to be there at the right time with the right answer. Wilkes-Barre saw its population declining with the mines no longer sustaining the city. We noticed stores, even the best of the best shutting down or moving out from necessity. We all noticed that other businesses that once provided hundreds of jobs not being able to continue. .Mark Twain once said that "The reports of my death have been greatly exaggerated." Wilkes-Barre officials and residents over the years have heard the death knell for the city and instead of contesting it fiercely, allowed it to happen. Like Twain, our demise has been greatly exaggerated. Those times are in the past. Wilkes-Barre can and must find its way out of the mire and return to glory. May good leadership help Wilkes-Barre find a way to reclaim its future. Those with grew up in this City, as well as those who love our Diamond City, will enjoy this book. Few books are a must-read but Brian Kelly's Wilkes-Barre, PA: Return to Glory will melt your heart as your author recounts some great stories from the past and points out how to stop the decline and move this city back to Glory. This book needs to be at the top of your reading list, especially for those who have lived or now live in Wilkes-Barre. Shop for this book and others at LETS GO PUBLISH! Books at www.bookhawkers.com, and unexpected places throughout Wilkes-Barre.

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Luzerne County (Images of America)
Luzerne County (Images of America)
The Susquehanna River meanders through Luzerne County in northeastern Pennsylvania, passing communities historically known for the mining of anthracite coal. Settlement of the area began in 1769 during the first Yankee-Pennamite War. Luzerne County illustrates many boroughs, townships, and villages in a rare collection of photographs, advertisements, and history dating back to the 18th century. Historical photographs from the Luzerne County Historical Society depict businesses, churches, coal culture, street scenes, area disasters, entertainment, railroads, steamboats, and veterans, including the last survivor of the Battle of Wyoming in 1778 and the Civil War.

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A Walking Tour of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (Look Up, America!)
A Walking Tour of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (Look Up, America!)
There is no better way to see America than on foot. And there is no better way to appreciate what you are looking at than with a walking tour. Whether you are preparing for a road trip or just out to look at your own town in a new way, a downloadable walking tour from walkthetown.com is ready to explore when you are.Each walking tour describes historical and architectural landmarks and provides pictures to help out when those pesky street addresses are missing. Every tour also includes a quick primer on identifying architectural styles seen on American streets.In A History of Luzerne County, published in 1893, Wilkes-Barre was described thusly: “The important city and the first settlement in Luzerne county is the one descriptive phrase applicable to this city. A beautiful city, queen of the Susquehanna north of Harrisburg to its source: a crown-jewel on the east bank of the river and in the center of the far-famed Wyoming valley; the county seat of Luzerne county, the center and hub from where flows out in every direction by electric and steam railroads, her rich trade, and the daily and hourly ever swelling stream of visitors for business and pleasure; a city truly, a rich and beautiful city, now invested with all that you may find in the way of luxuries in the great metropolis, as well as the forest trees, the flowing peaceful river and the pure air that comes of a rural life; where is elegance, refinement and culture; where there are more families of great wealth, comparatively to numbers, than can be found in any other city in the United States. A city that never had a “boom” but that now is forging ahead at a marvelous step, and on every hand are suburban boroughs that are progressing rapidly. Here is the capital of a county that is of itself a rich and distinct empire.”A town like that is worth fighting over, and that is what happened in its early days. The first Europeans to settle the area arrived in 1769, from Connecticut, a colony which had a land grant from the British crown that extended all the Great Lakes. The settlement was named Wilkes-Barre after John Wilkes and Isaac Barré, two British members of Parliament who supported colonial America. Armed men loyal to Pennsylvania, wielding a claim to the land by virtue of William Penn’s grant, twice attempted to evict the residents of Wilkes-Barre in what came to be known as the Pennamite Wars. The conflict was not put to rest until after the American Revolution when the settlers were allowed to retain title to their lands but had to transfer their allegiance to Pennsylvania.Wilkes-Barre’s population exploded due to the discovery of anthracite coal in the 1800s, which gave the city the nickname of “The Diamond City.” The wealth that flowed into the city from the world’s largest coal field began showing up on the Wilke-Barre streetscape in the form of fancy hotels, massive mansions and imposing churches.Wilkes-Barre took a major blow from Tropical Storm Agnes in 1972 when rainwaters swelled the Susquehanna River to a height of nearly 41 feet, four feet above the city’s levees, flooding downtown with nine feet of water. While no lives were lost, 25,000 homes and businesses were either damaged or destroyed, and damages were estimated to be $1 billion.Much remains, however, and our walking tour will begin the investigation in the Public Square, a diamond set in the center of the “Diamond City”...

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Dapper Dan Flood: The Controversial Life of a Congressional Power Broker
Dapper Dan Flood: The Controversial Life of a Congressional Power Broker
Daniel J. Flood was among the last of the old-time movers and shakers on Capitol Hill. A flamboyant vaudevillian who became a Democratic congressman from Pennsylvania, he was a sight on the House floor, sporting white linen suits, silk top hats, and dark, flowing capes. Flood presented his addresses and arguments with the overly precise and clipped accent of an old-fashioned stage actor, and he reveled in the attention he attracted for every performance. At the same time, “Dapper Dan” understood the complexities of the old power politics and played the legislative game with sheer genius. He worked his will by employing the common practices that greased the wheels of the political process in the post–World War II era: persuasion, manipulation, arm-twisting, and grandiloquent oratory rarely matched by his congressional colleagues.Between 1945 and 1980, Flood used his clout as a senior member of the House Appropriations Committee to wield near-veto power over the $300 billion federal budget. Flood was instrumental in funding the Cold War as well as the “Great Society” social reforms of the 1960s. This consummate pork-barrel politician was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives for sixteen terms. Eventually accused of improprieties in arranging federal contracts, Flood became the subject of sweeping investigations by the U.S. Attorney General and the House Ethics Committee. Based on recently declassified FBI documents, court records, public papers, and contemporary newspaper accounts, as well as more than thirty interviews of Flood’s widow, congressional colleagues, and Capitol Hill staff, Dapper Dan Flood explodes the myths surrounding this controversial Pennsylvania congressman.

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