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2018 California wildfires
"Camp Fire". CAL FIRE. November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018. "Hill Fire". CAL FIRE. November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018. "Woolsey Fire".

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2018 California wildfires123451Garner Complex2Natchez Fire3Carr Fire4Mendocino  Complex5Ferguson FireSatellite image of the wildfires burning in Northern California and in southern Oregon, on August 1, 2018; smoke is can be seen trailing northeastward over Nevada, Oregon, Washington, and IdahoStatistics[1][2][3]Total fires7,295Total area1,548,814 acres (6,267.83 km2)Cost>$2.973 billion (2018 USD)[4][5][6][7]Fatalities8 civilians, 6 firefighters[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]Non-fatal injuriesAt least 41Season← 2017 2019 →

The 2018 California wildfires are a series of wildfires that have burned across the state of California during 2018. A total of 7,299 fires had burned an area of 1,548,814 acres (6,267.83 km2), according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection and the National Interagency Fire Center, as of October 29.[1][2][3] The fires caused over $2.973 billion (2018 USD) in damages, including $1.364 billion in fire suppression costs.[4][5][6][7] Through the end of August 2018, Cal Fire alone spent $432 million on operations.[16] The Mendocino Complex Fire burned more than 459,000 acres (1,860 km2), becoming the largest complex fire in the state's history, with the complex's Ranch Fire surpassing the Thomas Fire and the Santiago Canyon Fire of 1889 to become California's single-largest recorded wildfire.[17][18]

On August 4, 2018, a national disaster was declared in Northern California, due to the massive wildfires burning there.[19]

Contents
  • 1 Increased fire susceptibility
    • 1.1 Increase in fuel
    • 1.2 Atmospheric conditions
    • 1.3 Home construction in the wildland-urban interface
  • 2 Air quality
  • 3 Wildfires
  • 4 Fatalities
  • 5 Verizon Wireless data throttling
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links
Increased fire susceptibility

Many different factors led to the 2018 California wildfire season becoming so destructive. A combination of an increased amount of natural fuel and compounding atmospheric conditions linked to global warming led to a series of destructive fires.

Increase in fuel

A direct contributor to the 2018 California wildfires was an increase in dead tree fuel.[20] By December 2017, there were a record 129 million dead trees in California.[21]

Atmospheric conditions

Stanford Earth System Science Professor Noah Diffenbaugh stated that atmospheric conditions for California wildfires are expected to worsen in the future because of the effects of climate change in California and that "what we're seeing over the last few years in terms of the wildfire season in California very consistent with the historical trends in terms of increasing temperatures, increasing dryness, and increasing wildfire risk". Other experts agreed, saying that global warming is to blame for these extreme weather conditions. Global warming led to higher temperatures and less rain, creating a drier landscape that gave fires more fuel to burn longer and stronger.[22]

Home construction in the wildland-urban interface

A wildland–urban interface (or WUI) refers to the zone of transition between unoccupied land and human development. Communities that are within 0.5 miles (0.80 km) of the zone may also be included. These lands and communities adjacent to and surrounded by wildlands are at risk of wildfires.[23] Since the 1990s, over 43% of new homes have been constructed in this area. In some areas, the amount of new homes in those areas is 80%.[24] In the past, when these areas burned, no homes were lost, but now homes are present there and end up being destroyed.[25]

Air quality Air quality of California on August 7, 2018

Northern California and the Central Valley saw drastic increases in air pollutants during the height of the July and August fires, while Southern California also experienced an increase in air pollution in August.[26] Air quality in Northern and Central California remained poor until mid-September 2018, when fire activity was drastically diminished.

California National Guard battles wildfires. Hume Lake showing extensive mountain pine beetle damage as of April 2016. Hume Lake, Sierra Nevada Mountains, California Photograph of smoky sky near sunset in early August looking toward the west, in Sacramento. The smoke was produced by the wildfires. Wildfires

The following is a list of fires that burned more than 1,000 acres, or produced significant structural damage or loss of life.

Name County Acres Start date Containment date Status Notes Ref Pleasant Inyo 2,070 February 18, 2018 April 3, 2018 Contained [27] Moffat Inyo 1,265 April 19, 2018 May 21, 2018 Contained [28] Nees Merced 1,756 May 2, 2018 May 17, 2018 Contained [29] Patterson Riverside 1,261 May 17, 2018 May 21, 2018 Contained [30] Panoche San Benito 64 June 4, 2018 June 7, 2018 Contained 3 civilians killed [31][8] Stone Los Angeles 1,352 June 4, 2018 June 13, 2018 Contained [32] Airline San Benito 1,314 June 4, 2018 June 14, 2018 Contained [33] Apple Tehama 2,956 June 9, 2018 June 14, 2018 Contained 3 residential structures and 2 outbuilding destroyed [34] Chrome Glenn 2,290 June 9, 2018 June 21, 2018 Contained 1 outbuilding destroyed [35] Lions Madera 13,347 June 11, 2018 October 1, 2018 Contained [36][37] Planada Merced 4,564 June 15, 2018 June 21, 2018 Contained [38] Yankee San Luis Obispo 1,500 June 20, 2018 July 1, 2018 Contained [39] Lane Tehama 3,716 June 23, 2018 July 4, 2018 Contained 1 injury [40] Pawnee Lake 15,185 June 23, 2018 July 8, 2018 Contained 22 structures destroyed, 1 injury [41] Creek Madera 1,678 June 24, 2018 July 5, 2018 Contained 4 residential structures and 7 minor structures destroyed [42] Waverly San Joaquin 12,300 June 29, 2018 July 2, 2018 Contained [43] County Lake, Napa, Yolo 90,288 June 30, 2018 July 14, 2018 Contained 20 structures destroyed; 1 firefighter injured [44] Klamathon Siskiyou 38,008 July 5, 2018 July 16, 2018 Contained 82 structures destroyed; 3 injuries, 1 civilian killed [45][46] Valley San Bernardino 1,350 July 6, 2018 October 22, 2018 Contained 5 injured [47][48][4] Holiday Santa Barbara 113 July 6, 2018 July 11, 2018 Contained 20 structures destroyed [49] Pendleton Complex San Diego 1,800 July 6, 2018 July 11, 2018 Contained Originated as 3 separate fires; burned in Camp Pendleton [50][51] West San Diego 504 July 6, 2018 July 11, 2018 Contained 56 structures destroyed [52] Georges Inyo 2,883 July 8, 2018 July 18, 2018 Contained [53][54][4] Ferguson Mariposa 96,901 July 13, 2018 August 18, 2018 Contained 19 firefighters injured, 2 firefighters killed; 10 structures destroyed [9][55] Eagle Modoc 2,100 July 13, 2018 July 17, 2018 Contained [56][4] Natchez Del Norte, Siskiyou 38,134 July 15, 2018 October 30, 2018 Contained [57][58] Carr Shasta 229,651 July 23, 2018 August 30, 2018 Contained 1,079 residences, 22 commercial structures, 503 outbuildings destroyed - 190 residences, 26 commercial structures, and 63 outbuildings damaged; 3 firefighters and 5 civilians killed [59] Cranston Riverside 13,139 July 26, 2018 August 10, 2018 Contained [60] Mendocino Complex Mendocino, Lake, Colusa, Glenn 459,123 July 27, 2018 September 18, 2018 Contained The Ranch and River Fires are collectively called the Mendocino Complex Fire. 157 residential buildings destroyed, 123 others destroyed - 13 residential buildings and 24 other buildings damaged; 1 firefighter killed, 4 firefighters injured [61][62][18][63] Whaleback Lassen 18,703 July 27, 2018 August 7, 2018 Contained [64] Butte Sutter 1,200 July 31, 2018 August 3, 2018 Contained [65] Donnell Tuolumne 36,450 August 1, 2018 October 1, 2018 Contained 135 structures destroyed; 9 injured [66] Tarina Kern 2,950 August 3, 2018 August 6, 2018 Contained [67] Pendleton San Diego 1,000 August 5, 2018 August 6, 2018 Contained Burned in Camp Pendleton [68] Turkey Monterey 2,225 August 6, 2018 August 6, 2018 Contained [69] Holy Orange, Riverside 23,136 August 6, 2018 September 13, 2018 Contained 18 buildings destroyed; 3 firefighters injured[70] [71][72][73] Five Kings 2,995 August 6, 2018 August 8, 2018 Contained [74] Hirz Shasta 46,150 August 9, 2018 September 12, 2018 Contained [75] Hat Shasta 1,900 August 9, 2018 August 16, 2018 Contained [76] Nelson Solano 2,162 August 10, 2018 August 12, 2018 Contained [77] Stone Modoc 39,387 August 15, 2018 August 29, 2018 Contained [78] Mill Creek 1 Humboldt 3,674 August 16, 2018 August 30, 2018 Contained [79] Front San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara 1,014 August 19, 2018 August 29, 2018 Contained [80] North Placer 1,120 September 3, 2018 September 16, 2018 Contained [81] Boot Mono 6,974 September 4, 2018 September 15, 2018 Contained [82] Kerlin Trinity 1,751 September 4, 2018 September 17, 2018 Contained [83] Delta Shasta 63,311 September 5, 2018 October 7, 2018 Contained Merged into the Hirz Fire. 20 structures destroyed [84] Snell Napa 2,490 September 8, 2018 September 15, 2018 Contained [85] Charlie Los Angeles 3,380 September 22, 2018 October 1, 2018 Contained [86][87] Branscombe Solano 4,700 October 7, 2018 October 12, 2018 Contained 4 buildings destroyed [88][89][90] Sun Tehama 3,889 October 7, 2018 October 12, 2018 Contained [91] Camp Butte 20,000 November 8, 2018 Not contained [92] Hill Ventura 10,000 November 8, 2018 Not contained [93] Woolsey Los Angeles, Ventura 2,000 November 8, 2018 Not contained Several buildings destroyed [94][95] Fatalities

On June 4, the Panoche Fire broke out, in a series of three blazes that started in the San Benito County area. While the Panoche incident was the smallest of the three fires, burning only 64 acres (26 ha), the remains of three people were found in a destroyed camping trailer in the burn area.[8][96] The remains were believed to belong to a mother, a toddler, and an infant.[8][97]

On July 14, a Cal Fire bulldozer operator was killed while fighting the Ferguson Fire, becoming the first firefighter death of the season.[9]

On July 23, the Carr Fire broke out after a vehicle malfunctioned. While the Carr Fire burned in rural areas of Shasta County for the first few days, it crossed the Sacramento River and entered the city limits of Redding, California on the evening of July 26. By the next morning, 2 firefighters and 4 civilians had been killed.[10][11][98] By the afternoon of July 29, there were 7 people still unaccounted for.[99]

On July 29, a firefighter with the National Park Service was killed after a dead tree fell and struck him, while he was fighting the Ferguson Fire. He was "treated on scene, but died before he could be taken to the hospital".[12]

On August 4, a PG&E employee was killed in a vehicle incident while working to restore services to areas impacted by the Carr Fire.[13]

On August 9, a CAL Fire heavy equipment mechanic was killed in a traffic incident while working at the Carr Fire.[14]

On August 13, a firefighter was killed while fighting the Mendocino Complex Fire.[15]

Verizon Wireless data throttling

The Santa Clara County Fire Department raised claims against Verizon Wireless that their "unlimited" data service had been throttled while the company was attempting to contain the wildfire. Their plan was intended to be throttled down to 200 kbps or 600 kbps after 25 GB a month, and it would be removed under emergency situations. According to the department, this was not followed, even after the company was notified.[100][101]

See also
  • List of California wildfires
  • October 2017 Northern California wildfires
  • Climate change in California
References
  1. ^ a b "2018 Fire Statistics". CAL FIRE. October 14, 2018. Retrieved October 21, 2018..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ a b "2018 National Year-to-Date Report on Fires and Acres Burned" (PDF). NIFC. October 29, 2018. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Southern Area Coordination Center". Southern Area Coordination Center. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
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  6. ^ a b Wes Siler (17 August 2018). "The Economic Impact of Yosemite's Ferguson Fire". Outside Online. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
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  12. ^ a b "Second firefighter killed fighting Ferguson Fire, officials confirm". Fresno Bee. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  13. ^ a b "PG&E employee becomes seventh Carr Fire fatality". Redding Record Searchlight. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
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  18. ^ a b "Ranch Fire". CAL FIRE. August 28, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  19. ^ California, State of. "Governor Brown Announces Federal Approval of Presidential Major Disaster Declaration for Shasta County – Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr". www.gov.ca.gov. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  20. ^ "Ferguson Fire: Tree mortality epidemic adding to fire crews' headaches". San Francisco Chronicle. July 26, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
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  28. ^ "Moffat Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  29. ^ "Nees Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
  30. ^ "Patterson Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  31. ^ "Panoche Fire". CAL FIRE. June 7, 2018. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  32. ^ "Apple Fire". InciWeb. June 13, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  33. ^ "Airline Fire". CAL FIRE. June 14, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  34. ^ "Apple Fire". CAL FIRE. June 14, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  35. ^ "Chrome Fire". CAL FIRE. June 21, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  36. ^ "Lions Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. October 1, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
  37. ^ "Lions Fire". CAL FIRE. June 26, 2018. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  38. ^ "Planada Fire". CAL FIRE. June 21, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  39. ^ "Yankee Fire". CAL FIRE. July 1, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  40. ^ "Lane Fire". CAL FIRE. June 27, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  41. ^ "Pawnee Fire". CAL FIRE. July 8, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  42. ^ "Creek Fire". CAL FIRE. July 4, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  43. ^ "Waverly Fire". CAL FIRE. July 2, 2018. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  44. ^ "County Fire". CAL FIRE. July 14, 2018. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  45. ^ "Klamathon Fire". CAL FIRE. July 14, 2018. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
  46. ^ Kellen Browning; Daniel Brown (July 6, 2018). "At least one dead as Klamathon Fire tops 9,600 acres, remains state of emergency". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  47. ^ "Valley Fire Information". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. October 22, 2018. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  48. ^ "Valley Fire". CAL FIRE. October 22, 2018. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  49. ^ "Holiday Fire". CAL FIRE. July 13, 2018. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  50. ^ Alexander Nguyen (July 7, 2018). "2 Fires Burning at Camp Pendleton; 750 Homes Evacuated". NBC Southern California. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  51. ^ Brytani Wheeler (July 11, 2018). "3rd MAW supports firefighting operations at Camp Pendleton". Marines. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  52. ^ "West Fire". CAL FIRE. July 11, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  53. ^ "Georges Fire". CAL FIRE. September 4, 2018. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  54. ^ "Georges Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. August 24, 2018. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  55. ^ "Ferguson Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. September 19, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
  56. ^ "Eagle Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. July 15, 2018. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
  57. ^ "Natchez Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. October 7, 2018. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  58. ^ "Natchez Fire". CAL FIRE. October 30, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  59. ^ "Carr Fire". CAL FIRE. August 30, 2018. Retrieved August 31, 2018.
  60. ^ "Cranston Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. July 26, 2018. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  61. ^ "Mendocino Complex Information - InciWeb the Incident Information System". September 19, 2018. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  62. ^ "River Fire". CAL FIRE. August 16, 2018. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  63. ^ Curtis Driscoll (July 28, 2018). "Cal Fire renames River and Ranch fires the Mendocino Complex Fire". Ukiah Daily Journal. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  64. ^ "Whaleback Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. July 28, 2018. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  65. ^ "Butte Fire". CAL FIRE. August 3, 2018. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  66. ^ "Donnell Fire: Incident information". InciWeb. October 1, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
  67. ^ "Tarina Fire". CAL FIRE. August 3, 2018. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  68. ^ "1,000-acre brush fire at Camp Pendleton fully contained". Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  69. ^ "Turkey Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  70. ^ Ruben Vives; Laura J. Nelson; Doug Smith (August 12, 2018). "Firefighters gain upper hand on 22,700-acre Holy fire in Cleveland National Forest, as containment rises to 41%". Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  71. ^ "Holy Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. September 14, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  72. ^ "Holy Fire". CAL FIRE. August 26, 2018. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  73. ^ "Holy Fire Reignites, Burns 150 Acres". CBS Los Angeles. August 28, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  74. ^ California, State of (August 8, 2018). "Five Fire General Information". cdfdata.fire.ca.gov. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  75. ^ "Hirz Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  76. ^ "Hat Fire". CAL FIRE. August 16, 2018. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  77. ^ "Nelson Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  78. ^ "Stone Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
  79. ^ "Mill Creek 1 Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. August 30, 2018. Retrieved August 31, 2018.
  80. ^ "Front Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. August 29, 2018. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
  81. ^ "North Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. September 16, 2018. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  82. ^ "Boot Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. September 15, 2018. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  83. ^ "Kerlin Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  84. ^ "Delta Fire". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. October 7, 2018. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  85. ^ "Snell Fire". CAL FIRE. September 15, 2018. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  86. ^ "Charlie Fire". CAL FIRE. September 25, 2018. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  87. ^ "Charlie Fire Incident Information". National Wildfire Coordinating Group. October 1, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
  88. ^ "Branscombe Fire". CAL FIRE. October 11, 2018. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  89. ^ Susan Hiland (October 9, 2018). "Branscombe Fire continues to burn through Suisun Marsh". Fairfield Daily Republic. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  90. ^ Ian Thompson (October 10, 2018). "Officials report Branscombe Fire fully contained". Fairfield Daily Republic. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  91. ^ "Sun Fire". CAL FIRE. October 12, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  92. ^ "Camp Fire". CAL FIRE. November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  93. ^ "Hill Fire". CAL FIRE. November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  94. ^ "Woolsey Fire". CAL FIRE. November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  95. ^ "Woolsey Fire". Twitter. November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  96. ^ Gomez, Mark (June 5, 2018). "Three discovered dead in San Benito County wildfire". Mercury News. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
  97. ^ Larson, Amy (June 5, 2018). "Mother, baby, toddler killed in San Benito County wildfire". KSBW. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
  98. ^ "Carr Fire death toll climbs to six as crews 'gain some ground' against massive blaze". WashingtonPost. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
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  100. ^ "Fire dept. rejects Verizon's "customer support mistake" excuse for throttling". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
  101. ^ "Verizon throttled fire department's "unlimited" data during Calif. wildfire". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2018 wildfires in California.
  • Current fire information - CalFire
  • SDSC WiFire Interactive Map — San Diego Supercomputer Center
  • v
  • t
  • e
Largest California wildfires
  1. Ranch (410,203 acres, 1,660.03 km2)
  2. Thomas (281,893 acres, 1,140.78 km2)
  3. Cedar (273,246 acres, 1,105.79 km2)
  4. Rush (271,911 acres, 1,100.38 km2 in California)
  5. Rim (257,314 acres, 1,041.31 km2)
  6. Zaca (240,207 acres, 972.08 km2)
  7. Carr (229,651 acres, 929.36 km2)
  8. Matilija (220,000 acres, 890 km2)
  9. Witch (197,990 acres, 801.2 km2)
  10. Klamath Theater Complex (192,038 acres, 777.15 km2)
  11. Marble Cone (177,866 acres, 719.80 km2)
  12. Laguna (175,425 acres, 709.92 km2)
  13. Basin Complex (162,818 acres, 658.90 km2)
  14. Day (162,702 acres, 658.43 km2)
  15. Station (160,557 acres, 649.75 km2)
  16. Rough (151,623 acres, 613.60 km2)
  17. McNally (150,696 acres, 609.85 km2)
  18. Stanislaus Complex (145,980 acres, 590.8 km2)
  19. Big Bar Complex (140,948 acres, 570.40 km2)
  20. Happy Camp Complex (134,056 acres, 542.51 km2)
  • Santiago Canyon (≥300,000 acres, 1,200 km2)
Note: The Santiago Canyon Fire of 1889 dates before 1932, when fire records began to be deemed reliable.
  • v
  • t
  • e
California wildfiresPre-2000
  • Santiago Canyon (1889)
  • Berkeley (1923)
  • Matilija (1932)
  • Griffith Park (1933)
  • Rattlesnake (1953)
  • Bel Air (1961)
  • Laguna (1970)
  • Marble Cone (1977)
  • Agoura-Malibu firestorm (1978)
  • Panorama (1980)
  • Painted Cave (1990)
  • Oakland Hills (1991)
  • Mount Vision (1995)
2002
  • Biscuit
  • McNally
2003
  • Old
  • Simi
  • Cedar
2004
  • Rumsey
2005
  • Labor Day
  • Topanga
2006
  • Sawtooth Complex
  • Day
  • Esperanza
2007
  • Island
  • Angora
  • Zaca
  • Moonlight
  • October 2007 wildfires
    • Harris
    • Witch
    • Buckweed
    • Santiago
    • Rice
  • Corral
2008
  • Summit
  • Indians
  • Basin Complex
  • Klamath Theater Complex
  • Gap
  • Sesnon
  • Tea
  • Sayre
  • Freeway Complex
2009
  • Jesusita
  • La Brea
  • Lockheed
  • Station
  • Cottonwood
  • Guiberson
2010
  • Bull
  • West
  • Crown
2011
  • Lion
  • Comanche Complex
2012
  • Barry Point
  • Rush
  • Ponderosa
2013
  • Summit
  • Springs
  • Powerhouse
  • Mountain
  • Silver
  • Rim
  • Clover
2014
  • Colby
  • Etiwanda
  • May 2014 wildfires
    • Bernardo
    • Tomahawk
    • Poinsettia
    • Cocos
  • Shirley
  • Bully
  • Happy Camp Complex
  • Meadow
  • King
  • Boles
2015
  • Round
  • Lake
  • North
  • Wragg
  • Rocky
  • River Complex
  • Frog
  • Rough
  • Dodge
  • Jerusalem
  • Cuesta
  • Butte
  • Valley
  • Tassajara
  • Solimar
2016
  • Pony
  • Sherpa
  • Border
  • Pine
  • San Gabriel Complex
  • Erskine
  • Trailhead
  • Deer
  • Curry
  • Sage
  • Roblar
  • Sand
  • Soberanes
  • Goose
  • Cold
  • Pilot
  • Mineral
  • Chimney
  • Clayton
  • Blue Cut
  • Cedar
  • Rey
  • Gap
  • Bogart
  • Willard
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JanSport Unisex Black Label SuperBreak Blue Crest Backpack
JanSport Unisex Black Label SuperBreak Blue Crest Backpack
JanSport® classics in eye-catching colors and prints. The Black Label collection features JanSport's iconic styles in exclusive colors. 600D polyester gives you the durability that you desire. Padded shoulder straps for added comfort. One main compartment gives you the space that you need to organize your essentials. Front pocket with organizer to store electronics and accessories. 2/3 padded back. 1550 cubic inch/25 liter capacity. Imported. Measurements: Bottom Width: 11 1⁄2 in Middle Width: 10 1⁄2 in Top Width: 8 in Depth: 6 in Height: 16 1⁄2 in Strap Length: 31 in Strap Drop: 14 in Handle Length: 9 in Handle Drop: 4 in Weight: 10 oz This product may have a manufacturer's warranty. Please visit the manufacturer's website or contact us at warranty@support.zappos.com for full manufacturer warranty details.

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$59.77



Christian Chorals: For the Chapel Fireside (Classic Reprint)
Christian Chorals: For the Chapel Fireside (Classic Reprint)
Excerpt from Christian Chorals: For the Chapel FiresideCopyright, 1888, by biglow main. A large part of this book, both matter and form, is reserved according to law, and may not be copied without express consent from the publishers.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

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$10.97



CLARKS Men's Tilden Cap, Black Leather, 8.5 E US
CLARKS Men's Tilden Cap, Black Leather, 8.5 E US
The Tilden Cap from Clarks is great for work in the office or as casual wear. Comfort, support, and style come together in this versatile oxford shoe.Cap toeLeather upperFabric liningOrtholite cushionHeel height: 1 in

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$90.00
-$32.12(-36%)



The Pleasure of Strength
The Pleasure of Strength
Great condition w/original DVD insert. No skips detected on test run of main practice. FREE arnica, immune support, + other natural product samples included with your order!

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$97.71



Men's Rogaine 5% Minoxidil Foam for Hair Loss and Hair Regrowth, Topical Treatment for Thinning Hair, 3-Month Supply
Men's Rogaine 5% Minoxidil Foam for Hair Loss and Hair Regrowth, Topical Treatment for Thinning Hair, 3-Month Supply
Help treat hair loss and regrow fuller hair with Men's Rogaine 5% Minoxidil Topical Foam. Ideal for use at the early stages of hair thinning, this fast-working hair regrowth treatment is clinically proven to regrow up to 25% more hair in 12 weeks. Unlike hair loss shampoos and hair thickening products that temporarily plump hair from the outside, Rogaine penetrates the scalp to reactivate shrunken hair follicles, allowing for regrowth of hair. The 5% Minoxidil formula works to boost hair follicle activity and hair protein production, while Tricho-Prime Technology uses a proprietary combination of ingredients to create an optimal environment for hair regrowth. This men’s hair re- growth treatment also contains botanical extracts and emollient to help maintain a healthy, conditioned scalp, plus alphahydroxy acid (AHA) to promote natural skin exfoliation to help keep follicles open. It comes in a no-mess foam that is easy to use and is designed to fit easily into your routine.

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$44.99



LEGO Classic Medium Creative Brick Box 10696
LEGO Classic Medium Creative Brick Box 10696
Durable Product

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$27.99
-$7.00(-20%)



Christian Chorals for the Chapel and Fireside
Christian Chorals for the Chapel and Fireside
Trieste Publishing has a massive catalogue of classic book titles. Our aim is to provide readers with the highest quality reproductions of fiction and non-fiction literature that has stood the test of time. The many thousands of books in our collection have been sourced from libraries and private collections around the world.The titles that Trieste Publishing has chosen to be part of the collection have been scanned to simulate the original. Our readers see the books the same way that their first readers did decades or a hundred or more years ago. Books from that period are often spoiled by imperfections that did not exist in the original. Imperfections could be in the form of blurred text, photographs, or missing pages. It is highly unlikely that this would occur with one of our books. Our extensive quality control ensures that the readers of Trieste Publishing's books will be delighted with their purchase. Our staff has thoroughly reviewed every page of all the books in the collection, repairing, or if necessary, rejecting titles that are not of the highest quality. This process ensures that the reader of one of Trieste Publishing's titles receives a volume that faithfully reproduces the original, and to the maximum degree possible, gives them the experience of owning the original work.We pride ourselves on not only creating a pathway to an extensive reservoir of books of the finest quality, but also providing value to every one of our readers. Generally, Trieste books are purchased singly - on demand, however they may also be purchased in bulk. Readers interested in bulk purchases are invited to contact us directly to enquire about our tailored bulk rates.

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$12.71


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