Gourmet Food
Gourmet Food
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presentation, or high sophistication. In the United States, a 1980s gourmet food movement evolved from a long-term division between elitist (or "gourmet")

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For other uses, see Gourmet (disambiguation). Foie gras with Sauternes wine Oysters with caviar Lobster is considered by some as a gourmet food due to its high price. Above is lobster creole Single malt scotch whiskies

Gourmet (US: /ɡɔːrˈmeɪ/, UK: /ˈɡɔːmeɪ/) is a cultural ideal associated with the culinary arts of fine food and drink, or haute cuisine, which is characterised by refined, even elaborate preparations and presentations of aesthetically balanced meals of several contrasting, often quite rich courses. The term and its associated practices are usually used positively to describe people of refined taste and passion.

  • 1 Person
  • 2 Food
  • 3 Gourmet pursuits
  • 4 Origin of term
  • 5 Related concepts
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links


The term gourmet can refer to a person with refined or discriminating taste who is knowledgeable in the craft and art of food and food preparation. Gourmand carries additional connotations of one who simply enjoys food in great quantities. An epicure is similar to a gourmet, but the word may sometimes carry overtones of excessive refinement. A gourmet chef is a chef of particularly high caliber of cooking talent and skill.


Gourmet may describe a class of restaurant, cuisine, meal or ingredient of high quality, of special presentation, or high sophistication. In the United States, a 1980s gourmet food movement evolved from a long-term division between elitist (or "gourmet") tastes and a populist aversion to fancy foods. Gourmet is an industry classification for high-quality premium foods in the United States. In the 2000s, there has been an accelerating increase in the American gourmet market, due in part to rising income, globalization of taste, and health and nutrition concerns. Individual food and beverage categories, such as coffee, are often divided between a standard and a "gourmet" sub-market.

Gourmet pursuits

Certain events such as wine tastings cater to people who consider themselves gourmets and foodies. Television programs (such as those on the Food Network) and publications such as Gourmet magazine often serve gourmets with food columns and features. Gourmet tourism is a niche industry catering to people who travel to food or wine tastings, restaurants, or food and wine production regions for leisure.

Origin of term

The word gourmet is from the French term for a wine broker or taste-vin employed by a wine dealer. Friand was formerly the reputable name for a connoisseur of delicious things that were not eaten primarily for nourishment: "A good gourmet", wrote the conservative eighteenth-century Dictionnaire de Trévoux, employing this original sense, "must have le goût friand", or a refined palate. The pleasure is also visual: "J'aime un ragoût, et je suis friand", Giacomo Casanova declared, "mais s'il n'a pas bonne mine, il me semble mauvais". In the eighteenth century, gourmet and gourmand carried disreputable connotations of gluttony, which only gourmand has retained. Gourmet was rendered respectable by Monsieur Grimod de la Reynière, whose Almanach des Gourmands, essentially the first restaurant guide, appeared in Paris from 1803 to 1812. Previously, even the liberal Encyclopédie offered a moralising tone in its entry Gourmandise, defined as "refined and uncontrolled love of good food", employing reproving illustrations that contrasted the frugal ancient Spartans and Romans of the Republic with the decadent luxury of Sybaris. The Jesuits' Dictionnaire de Trévoux took the Encyclopédistes to task, reminding its readers that gourmandise was one of the Seven Deadly Sins.

Related concepts

Foodie is often used by the media as a conversational synonym for gourmet, although it is a different concept (that of a food aficionado). The word foodie was coined synchronously by Gael Greene in the magazine New York and by Paul Levy and Ann Barr, co-authors of The Official Foodie Handbook (1984).

The term "gourmet" is often used in the context of the MFA Graphic Design department at the renowned design school, Rhode Island School of Design, in Providence, Rhode Island. Situated next door to the MFA Graphic Design's graduate studio on 169 Weybosset Street, Serendipity Gourmet, formerly known as Gourmet Heaven, is widely known among its frequent customers as "Gourmetahaven," named after the Dutch design studio Metahaven. For these graduate students, the word "gourmet" now carries a new meaning that brings to mind anything but the real definition of gourmet.

See also
  • Food portal
  • Fooding – a restaurant guide
  • Michelin Guide – a restaurant guide
  • Specialty foods
  1. ^ Charles McGrath (January 26, 2007). "In Arizona back country, a gourmet life". International Herald Tribune. 
  2. ^ The United States of Arugula:How We Became a Gourmet Nation. Doubleday Broadway. 2006. 
  3. ^ "The U.S. Market for Gourmet and Specialty Foods and Beverages". Packaged Facts. September 2005. 
  4. ^ Vicki Mabrey and Deborah Apton (March 31, 2008). "From McMuffins to McLattes:McDonald's Chases Gourmet Coffee Market, Plans Massive Restaurant Upgrade". ABC News. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  5. ^ Marina Novelli (2004). Niche Tourism: Contemporary Issues, Trends and Cases. Butterworth-Heinemann. 
  6. ^ Christy Harrison (March 7, 2007). "Tour Buses on the Horizon". Travel Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on June 30, 2007. 
  7. ^ Cotgrave's French-English dictionary of 1611, quoted by Jean-Louis Flandrin, whose chapter "Distinction Through Taste", in A History of Private Life: Passions of the Renaissance (Belknap Press, Harvard University) 1989:289-92, "Gluttons and Epicures", traces the significance of these French terms in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
  8. ^ "I love a ragout, and I am a connoisseur, but if it isn't good-looking, it seems bad to me." (Histoire de ma vie, 8:ix) for Casanova the immediate question was whether a young woman of literary tastes would have been interesting if she had not been lovely.
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gourmet. Look up gourmet in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Gourmet
  •  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gourmet". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 288. 
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The Original Donut Shop Regular Keurig Single-Serve K-Cup Pods, Medium Roast Coffee, 12 count, Pack of 6
The Original Donut Shop Regular Keurig Single-Serve K-Cup Pods, Medium Roast Coffee, 12 count, Pack of 6
Before coffee was complicated, great coffee was simply fresh, bold, and flavorful. The Original Donut Shop Regular single serve K-Cup pods bring back the classic donut companion, with this ideally balanced brew of the highest quality Arabica beans...dunking is encouraged. Full-flavored and easy going, this medium roast blend embodies one of the best things in life - simply great coffee. This is an extra bold variety, so each pod contains more 100% Arabica coffee than regular K-Cup pods. These single-serve K-Cup pods are compatible with all Keurig K-Cup Pod Single-Serve Coffee Makers and brew up to 12 oz. of The Original Donut Shop Regular coffee each. Each K-Cup pod is filled with the freshest ground coffee and brews a perfect, great tasting cup of coffee, every time. Certified Orthodox Union Kosher and contains no artificial ingredients. About The Original Donut Shop: Regular never tasted so perfect! The Original Donut Shop Coffee is as good and regular as it gets. It is a celebration of simply great coffee. Not too harsh, not too bitter, Donut Shop coffee delivers a tasty coffee that is just right every time. From the first sip to the last, The Original Donut Shop Coffee K-Cup pods make it easy to bring home the greatness of simple perfection.

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Wonderful Pistachios, Roasted and Salted, 32 Ounce Bag
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Viva Naturals Organic Extra Virgin Coconut Oil, 16 Ounce
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Viva Naturals Organic Coconut Oil gives you an easy, wonderful way to add flavor to your diet, and boost your skin and hair regime with the power of MCTs, immune boosters, and compounds found in coconuts. The Viva Naturals Difference Viva Naturals doesn’t source its coconuts from large-scale farms where machines pop thousands of coconuts off the trees every day. Instead, Viva Naturals contracts with local farmers, who hand pick coconuts in idyllic, fertile mountain regions in the Philippines. These succulent coconuts are then cold-pressed at low temperatures using our proprietary extraction method, preserving vitamins, minerals and MCTs. What Makes Viva Naturals Organic Extra Virgin Coconut Oil So Superior? The Best Taste: Viva Naturals traveled the world in order to find the best-tasting coconuts. After hundred of hours, we discovered that the most delicious coconuts are grown in the fertile soils of the Philippines. With each jar of oil, you’ll taste the rich, silky smooth texture that is derived from these “cream of the crop” coconuts. Grown in a Pristine Natural Environment: Our farms are miles away from the nearest city and situated with among wide nature preserve. This means there’s virtually no pollution or pesticide runoff. Specialized Extraction: Viva Naturals cold presses each coconut within a few hours of being harvested using our proprietary extraction method. Rather than storing the coconuts in a warehouse for weeks or even months, the quick turnover crystallizes nearly all of the MCTs and antioxidants in the oil. See nutrition information for total fat and saturated fat content.

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Coffee Variety Sampler Pack for Keurig K-Cup Brewers, 40 Count (selection may vary)
Coffee Variety Sampler Pack for Keurig K-Cup Brewers,  40 Count (selection may vary)
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KIND Bars, Dark Chocolate Nuts & Sea Salt 12ct, Gluten Free, 6g Protein, 5g Sugar
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Orgain Organic Plant Based Protein Powder, Creamy Chocolate Fudge, 2.03 Pound, Packaging May Vary
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Orgain Organic Creamy Chocolate Fudge Protein Powder is a naturally smooth and delicious nourishment drink with 21g of organic protein and 5g organic fiber per serving. USDA Organic, Gluten Free, Kosher, Vegan, Non-GMO, Soy Free. No artificial flavors, colors or preservatives.

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Dunkin' Donuts Original Blend Coffee for K-cup Pods, Medium Roast, For Keurig Brewers, 60 Count
Dunkin' Donuts Original Blend Coffee for K-cup Pods, Medium Roast, For Keurig Brewers, 60 Count
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Annie's Organic Bunny Fruit Snacks, Variety Pack, 24 Pouches, 0.8 oz Each
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Annie’s uses Organic ingredients that taste great without relying on artificial colors or flavors. Certified organic, these vegan and gluten-free bunny-shaped fruit snacks are made with real fruit juice and packed with 100% Daily Value of Vitamin C. You and your kids can happily agree on this tasty, portable snack. Stock up for less when you use Subscribe & Save and ensure you always have plenty of Annie’s fruit snacks on hand. Get regular and routine deliveries, free shipping, and change or cancel a subscription at any time.

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RXBAR Whole Food Protein Bar, Chocolate Sea Salt, 1.83 Ounce (Pack of 12)
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An indulgent combination of 100% pure chocolate spiked with savory sea salt, this protein bar has only 6-8 whole food ingredients and boasts 12 grams of egg white protein, 4 grams of fiber, nutrition-rich fruits and nuts, no gluten, dairy or soy and has zero added sugar. This is as decadent as a protein bar can get. RXBARs are perfect as a convenient breakfast, on-the-go snack or as pre-or-post workout fuel.

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