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China–Italy relations
Bilateral relations between China and Italy date back to Imperial China and Ancient Rome but the ties between Italy and modern China only formally began on

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Diplomatic relations between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Italy People's Republic of China-Italy relations
China
Italy

Bilateral relations between China and Italy date back to Imperial China and Ancient Rome but the ties between Italy and modern China only formally began on 6 November 1970.[1] News of Italy's recognition of the People's Republic of China and consequent breaking of formal relations with the Republic of China (Taiwan) spurred other European countries such as Austria and Belgium to consider similar moves.[2]

Italian Foreign Minister Pietro Nenni presented the proposal for the recognition of China in January 1969.[3][dead link] The Italian Communist Party had invited Chinese representatives to attend their 1969 party congress; however, the Chinese side declined the invitation.[4][dead link] The two countries exchanged ambassadors in February of the following year.[5]

To this day, China and Italy participate in high-level political exchanges. In September 2005, Chinese Defense Minister Cao Gangchuan and Italian Deputy Defense Minister Salvatore Cicu expressed their hope for closer military cooperation between the two countries.[6]

Hongdu Aviation, one of China's major aircraft manufacturers, was first established as Sino-Italian National Aircraft Works (SINAW) in 1934, as a joint venture between the Republic of China and the Kingdom of Italy. However, after the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1937, Italy became an ally of Japan and assisted Japan in its bombing of SINAW factories. The Chinese government confiscated Italian properties in December 1937 and all Italian employees of the company left by the end of the year.[7]. In March 24, 2019, Italy signed up to the Belt and Road Initiative, becoming the first G7 nation to do so.[8]

On 13 March 2020, China sent medical supplies, including masks and respirators to Italy, together with a team of Chinese medical staff to help Italy fight the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Italy.[9][10][11] These were not donations but rather paid products and services.[12] Chinese state media spread misinformation implying that the virus originated in Italy.[13]

See also
  • Foreign relations of Italy
  • Europeans in Medieval China, primarily the 13th-14th centuries
  • Giovanni de' Marignolli, 14th century Archbishop of Khanbaliq (Beijing)
  • Giuseppe Castiglione (Jesuit painter), a court painter for the Qianlong Emperor during the 18th century
  • John of Montecorvino, 13th-14th century Archbishop of Khanbaliq (Beijing)
  • Katarina Vilioni, 14th-century Italian woman who lived in Yangzhou
  • Marco Polo, 13th-century merchant who served as an envoy for the Yuan dynasty
  • Matteo Ricci, Jesuit missionary who arrived in Ming-dynasty China in 1582, created a world map in Chinese and translated texts
  • Odoric of Pordenone, Christian missionary to Yuan-dynasty China
  • Rabban Bar Sauma, 13th century native of Zhongdu (Beijing) who travelled to Europe and met the pope and various European monarchs
  • Sino-Roman relations, Han dynasty and Roman Empire relations beginning at least by 166 AD with Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius (see also Daqin)
References
  1. ^ "Major events in China-Italy relations". Xinhua News. 2004-05-07. Retrieved 2008-02-06..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Hofmann, Paul (1970-11-07). "Rome and Peking in Accord on Ties; Nationalist Link to Italy is Ended". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  3. ^ Fleming, Louis B. (1969-01-25). "Italy's Foreign MInister Urges Ties With China". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  4. ^ Fleming, Louis B (1969-02-06). "China Won't Attend Red Party Congress in Italy". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  5. ^ "Italy and Red China Swap Ambassadors". Los Angeles Times. 1971-02-13. Archived from the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  6. ^ "China, Italy to promote military relations". People's Daily. 2005-09-24. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  7. ^ Zhu Weiguo 朱伟国 (2015-09-01). "历史的记忆". Hongdu Aviation. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  8. ^ Cristiani, Dario (April 24, 2019). "Italy Joins the Belt and Road Initiative: Context, Interests, and Drivers". Jamestown Foundation. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  9. ^ Pelosi, Gerardo (11 March 2020). "Coronavirus, attese per oggi un milione di mascherine". Il Sole 24 Ore (in Italian). Retrieved 14 March 2020. «Only China has responded bilaterally. This is not a good sign of EU solidarity»
  10. ^ "The EU Is Abandoning Italy in Its Hour of Need". Foreign Policy. 14 March 2020.
  11. ^ "China sends essential coronavirus supplies to Italy". www.aljazeera.com. 13 March 2020.
  12. ^ Giulia Pompili (12 March 2020). "But what help from China against the virus, it's all stuff we purchase". Il Foglio (in Italian). Retrieved 16 March 2020. confermano al Foglio fonti della Farnesina e la Protezione civile, non c’è nessuna donazione, niente di gratis
  13. ^ "An Italian doctor is now key to China's efforts to sow confusion over the coronavirus's origins". Quartz. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
Further reading
  • Fardella, Enrico. "A significant periphery of the Cold War: Italy-China bilateral relations, 1949–1989." Cold War History 17.2 (2017): 181-197.
  • Maurizio Marinelli, Giovanni Andornino, Italy’s Encounter with Modern China
  • Maurizio Marinelli, “The Triumph of the Uncanny: Italians and Italian Architecture in Tianjin”, In Cultural Studies Review, Vol. 19, 2, 2013, 70-98.
  • Maurizio Marinelli, “The Genesis of the Italian Concession in Tianjin: A Combination of Wishful Thinking and Realpolitik”. Journal of Modern Italian Studies, 15 (4), 2010: 536-556.
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Related topics
  • Italian entry into World War I
  • Military history of Italy during World War I
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
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