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2018 Venezuela: A Revolution on Standby - Socialist Leadership of Hugo Chavez and Nicolas Maduro Resulting in Hyperinflation, Food and Energy Crises, Violent Protests, Corruption, and Purges
2018 Venezuela: A Revolution on Standby - Socialist Leadership of Hugo Chavez and Nicolas Maduro Resulting in Hyperinflation, Food and Energy Crises, Violent Protests, Corruption, and Purges
Blessed with rich agricultural terrain, Venezuela currently retains the largest proven reserves of petroleum in the world. Surprisingly, though, the nation presently suffers from severe food and energy crises. These crises have resulted in violent protests demanding President Nicolas Maduro's ouster, yet he retains a firm grip on power. This thesis asks why. By exploring both crises, as well as President Maduro's relationship with Venezuela's elites (civilian and military leadership) and military politicization that started with President Hugo Chavez, this thesis shows the following reasons for Maduro's endurance despite the crises. Regardless of what President Maduro states regarding sabotage and conspiracies as causes, this thesis finds that Venezuela's food crisis results from over-reliance on the oil industry, lack of a developed agricultural sector, strong dependence on food imports, government-controlled food prices, and inflation; the energy crisis derives from inadequate maintenance, a lack of appropriate investments, failure to diversify sources of energy, extreme dependency on hydroelectric power, and corruption. Last, through the lens of Polga-Hecimovich's four P's, this thesis shows that President Nicolas Maduro remains in power by implementing a system of profit, promotions, allocation of political positions, and purges, and that he also retains elite loyalty through ideological indoctrination instilled by President Hugo Chavez. I. INTRODUCTION * A. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE RESEARCH QUESTION * B. LITERATURE REVIEW * 1. Venezuela's Agricultural Sector * 2. Venezuela's Energy Crisis * 3. Coercion of Venezuela's Elites * 4. Ideology Shift and Indoctrination * 5. Potential Explanations and Hypotheses * 6. Research Design * 7. Thesis Overview and Chapter Outline * II. VENEZUELA'S FOOD CRISIS AND CONTRIBUTING FACTORS * A. RELIANCE ON A SINGLE INDUSTRY FOR REVENUE * B. DUTCH DISEASE AND FOOD IMPORTS * C. PRICE CONTROLS * D. INFLATION OF THE BOLIVAR * E. OIL REVENUE DECLINE AND MINIMUM WAGES * F. MADURO'S MEASURES AGAINST FOOD CRISIS * G. CONCLUSION * III. VENEZUELA'S ENERGY CRISIS AND CONTRIBUTING FACTORS * A. VENEZUELA'S ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE * B. GURI DAM AND HYDROPOWER * C. ENERGY CAPACITY VERSUS CONSUMPTION * D. CORRUPTION IN THE ENERGY SECTOR * E. GOVERNMENT'S ENERGY-SAVING MEASURES * F. CONCLUSION * IV. HOW MADURO REMAINS IN POWER DESPITE CRISES * A. IDEOLOGY AND INDOCTRINATION * B. PROFITS EXCHANGED FOR LOYALTY * C. PROMOTIONS EXCHANGE FOR LOYALTY * D. POLITICAL APPOINTMENTS EXCHANGED FOR LOYALTY * E. LOYALTY OR PURGE * F. DIVIDED OPPOSITION * G. CONCLUSION * V. CONCLUSION

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$9.99



Bumerán Chávez: Los fraudes que llevaron al colapso de Venezuela (Spanish Edition)
Bumerán Chávez: Los fraudes que llevaron al colapso de Venezuela (Spanish Edition)
El colapso institucional, económico y social de Venezuela no es fruto de la dilapidación del legado de Hugo Chávez, sino consecuencia misma de sus políticas. Es el bumerán que, al volver en su vuelo, rompe el espejo en el que se veía al padre de la revolución bolivariana: de benefactor de los pobres a responsable de la gran escasez, inflación y violencia que sufre el país, especialmente sus clases populares: falta de productos básicos, colas en las tiendas, delincuencia desbordada… Y es que el chavismo tuvo mucho de fraude –un conjunto de ellos– casi desde el principio. Este libro revela detalles de los principales capítulos de ese fraude: entrega de soberanía a Cuba, engaño electoral, corrupción económica sin precedentes, narcoestado, dilapidación del petróleo, vinculaciones con el radicalismo islámico… El libro también incluye las curiosas relaciones del chavismo con Estados Unidos, la España de Podemos y el conjunto de Latinoamérica. Testimonios de individuos clave en el entramado chavista, varios de ellos en contacto con las autoridades estadounidenses como testigos protegidos, dan forma a este relato periodístico.

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$10.48
-$5.52(-34%)



The Venezuelan Revolution: A Critique from the Left
The Venezuelan Revolution: A Critique from the Left
He arrived in Venezuela in March 1999, just one month after the newly elected president, Hugo Chávez, took office. With plans to start a new life in Venezuela, Daniel Benveniste, a clinical psychologist from San Francisco, would soon become intimately acquainted with Venezuela’s collapsing social, economic and political life under the Chávez regime. Written specifically for the North American reader, The Venezuelan Revolution: A Critique from the Left takes a critical look at the Bolivarian Revolution, the Venezuelan opposition, the North American Left that has supported the Chávez regime, and United States foreign policy as it relates to Venezuela. After years of being hidden under the rhetoric of a so-called “leftist revolution,” news of Venezuela’s soaring murder rate, food and medicine shortages, deteriorating economy, political prisoners, corruption, and gross violations of civil rights is finally coming to light. This illuminating report of the Chávez and Maduro government’s corrupt, violent, antidemocratic reign of power for the past seventeen years is profoundly disquieting and thought provoking but it also includes suggestions for US foreign policy going forward.

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Violencia y Corrupción: La política en la Venezuela de Hugo Chávez y Nicolás Maduro (Spanish Edition)
Violencia y Corrupción: La política en la Venezuela de Hugo Chávez y Nicolás Maduro (Spanish Edition)
Venezuela es hoy un país donde lo absurdo es la realidad, la excepción es la norma, y lo ilógico parece sustentarlo todo. No hay forma de explicar cómo siendo, quizá, el país más rico de la tierra gracias al petróleo, al mismo tiempo sea uno de los más pobres y uno de los más miserables. O explicar cómo a pesar de que la inmensa mayoría del país rechaza al régimen, la minoría armada sigue en el poder, disponiendo todos los mecanismos para fabricar resultados electorales a su medida. Cómo se pueden sustentar las causas del silencio cómplice de la comunidad internacional durante todos estos años —y hasta hace muy poco— mientras Chávez primero, y Maduro después, fraguaron su asalto a la institucionalidad. Cómo una oposición política conquista el apoyo popular, para luego desbaratarlo y diluirse en conciliábulos y negociaciones con el régimen."

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$24.98



Boomerang Chavez: The Fraud That Led to Venezuela's Collapse
Boomerang Chavez: The Fraud That Led to Venezuela's Collapse
The institutional, economic, and social breakdown of Venezuela is not the result of the dismantling of Hugo Chávez’s legacy, but rather a result of his policies. It is like a boomerang which, as it returns to the person that throws it, shatters the glass in which the father of the Bolivarian revolution saw himself: from benefactor to the poor to culprit for the great shortages, inflation, and violence which buffets the country, especially its lower class—scarcity of basic goods, long lines at stores, widespread crime... Chavismo was very much of a fraud from the outset: transfer of sovereignty to Cuba, electoral deceit, unprecedented economic corruption, narco-state…

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$16.00



The Legacy of Nicolás Maduro's Dictatorship - A Study of Democratic Deficit, Human Rights Abuses and Economic Collapse in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
The Legacy of Nicolás Maduro's Dictatorship - A Study of Democratic Deficit, Human Rights Abuses and Economic Collapse in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
The exodus of hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing hunger, hyperinflation and a dictatorial state continues on a massive scale in Venezuela - Colombia alone, taking in more than half a million Venezuelans over the last six months of 2017. To a large extent President Maduro's policies are responsible for this humanitarian crisis; and the result of his refusal to receive aid from the international community; which has been offered, but which the Maduro government has repeatedly rejected. Critical, but also deeply sensitive and humane, this book endeavours to improve public policy in Venezuela. Social challenges - such as poverty, forced migration and civil unrest - are also explored in this work, offering an analysis on these matters, as well as suggestions how these challanges can be overcome. Highly innovative and profound, this book explores social scientific- and ethical approaches, so that human rights, economic stability and democracy can be improved in Venezuela.

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$49.90



El Petro: Venezuela has officially launched what its President Nicolas Maduro claims is a first state-backed oil-backed cryptocurrency, El Petro. (Spanish Edition)
El Petro: Venezuela has officially launched what its President Nicolas Maduro claims is a first state-backed oil-backed cryptocurrency, El Petro. (Spanish Edition)
Venezuela has officially launched what its President Nicolas Maduro claims is a first state-backed oil-backed cryptocurrency, El Petro.

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The Maduro Diet: How three-quarters of adults in Venezuela lost an average of 43 pounds in two years
The Maduro Diet: How three-quarters of adults in Venezuela lost an average of 43 pounds in two years
By the time Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez died in 2013, he had nationalized more than 10 million acres of farmland.Some of the farmland that had been productive while under private ownership became idle under government ownership, and some of the farm equipment sat gathering dust. As a result, food production fell substantially.The country's new president, Nicolas Maduro, continued Chavez's policies.Note: The print version of this book is a companion to the Amazon Kindle version. Only the Kindle version includes citations to references and sources. The print version does not include these citations. All of the citations in the Kindle version are internet links to online sources. Every claim that I make in this book is sourced in the Kindle version. Click on the underlined text (only in the Kindle version) to see the sources.

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La Guerra del Dictador Nicolas Maduro: Contra Comunicadores y Medios desde Enero hasta Mayo de 2018 (Spanish Edition)
La Guerra del Dictador Nicolas Maduro: Contra Comunicadores y Medios desde Enero hasta Mayo de 2018 (Spanish Edition)
Como ha sido una constante desde 2013, la dictadura de Nicolás Maduro, ahora con la ilegítima ley del odio como herramienta a su disposición, arremetió contra los comunicadores sociales y medios impresos, audiovisuales y digitales con deleznable fiereza, para hacer desaparecer toda crítica al oprobioso régimen.Los tribunales rojos, la Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones y el siniestro Complejo Editorial Alfredo Maneiro fueron los órganos gubernamentales que cumplieron las órdenes de enjuiciar a los periodistas que denunciaron la corrupción y otras barbaridades de la dictadura, de sacar del aire a emisoras radiales y televisivas y decretar la muerte de periódicos con larga trayectoria o convertir diarios en semanarios por falta de papel o en digitales.Tales medidas, posibles solamente en dictadura, han dejado sin empleo a centenares de trabajadores de la prensa y la radiodifusión y privado a la colectividad del derecho constitucional de estar informado.Ya lo dijo certeramente el editor presidente de El Nacional, Miguel Henrique Otero: El gobierno lo que quiere es que desaparezcan todos los medios. Y lo ha logrado a medias.La represión física ha estado a cargo de la Guardia Nacional, la Policía Nacional, el SEBIN y los círculos del terror que invadieron la sede de El Nacional en El Silencio, tal vez por una orden de la alcaldesa Jacqueline Farías que quiere expropiarla.

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