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Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music. It recognizes distinguished

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The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music. It recognizes distinguished fiction by an American author, preferably dealing with American life, published during the preceding calendar year. As the Pulitzer Prize for the Novel, it was one of the original Pulitzers; the program was inaugurated in 1917 with seven prizes, four of which were awarded that year. (No Novel prize was awarded in 1917; the first was awarded in 1918.)

Finalists have been announced since 1980, ordinarily a total of three.

Contents
  • 1 Winners
    • 1.1 1910s
    • 1.2 1920s
    • 1.3 1930s
    • 1.4 1940s
    • 1.5 1950s
    • 1.6 1960s
    • 1.7 1970s
    • 1.8 1980s
    • 1.9 1990s
    • 1.10 2000s
    • 1.11 2010s
  • 2 Repeat winners
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Winners

In 31 years under the "Novel" name, the prize was awarded 27 times; in its first 69 years to 2016 under the "Fiction" name, 62 times. In 11 years, no novel received the award. It has never been shared by two authors. Three writers have won two prizes each in the Fiction category: Booth Tarkington, William Faulkner, and John Updike.

1910s
  • 1918: His Family by Ernest Poole
  • 1919: The Magnificent Ambersons by Booth Tarkington
1920s
  • 1920: no award given
  • 1921: The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton
  • 1922: Alice Adams by Booth Tarkington
  • 1923: One of Ours by Willa Cather
  • 1924: The Able McLaughlins by Margaret Wilson
  • 1925: So Big by Edna Ferber
  • 1926: Arrowsmith by Sinclair Lewis (declined prize)
  • 1927: Early Autumn by Louis Bromfield
  • 1928: The Bridge of San Luis Rey by Thornton Wilder
  • 1929: Scarlet Sister Mary by Julia Peterkin
1930s
  • 1930: Laughing Boy by Oliver La Farge
  • 1931: Years of Grace by Margaret Ayer Barnes
  • 1932: The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck
  • 1933: The Store by Thomas Sigismund Stribling
  • 1934: Lamb in His Bosom by Caroline Miller
  • 1935: Now in November by Josephine Winslow Johnson
  • 1936: Honey in the Horn by Harold L. Davis
  • 1937: Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell
  • 1938: The Late George Apley by John Phillips Marquand
  • 1939: The Yearling by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
1940s
  • 1940: The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck
  • 1941: no award given
  • 1942: In This Our Life by Ellen Glasgow
  • 1943: Dragon's Teeth by Upton Sinclair
  • 1944: Journey in the Dark by Martin Flavin
  • 1945: A Bell for Adano by John Hersey
  • 1946: no award given
  • 1947: All the King's Men by Robert Penn Warren
  • 1948: Tales of the South Pacific by James A. Michener
  • 1949: Guard of Honor by James Gould Cozzens
1950s
  • 1950: The Way West by A. B. Guthrie, Jr.
  • 1951: The Town by Conrad Richter
  • 1952: The Caine Mutiny by Herman Wouk
  • 1953: The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway
  • 1954: No award given
  • 1955: A Fable by William Faulkner
  • 1956: Andersonville by MacKinlay Kantor
  • 1957: No award given
    • The Voice At The Back Door by Elizabeth Spencer
  • 1958: A Death in the Family by James Agee (posthumous win)
  • 1959: The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters by Robert Lewis Taylor
1960s
  • 1960: Advise and Consent by Allen Drury
  • 1961: To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  • 1962: The Edge of Sadness by Edwin O'Connor
  • 1963: The Reivers by William Faulkner (posthumous win)
  • 1964: No award given
  • 1965: The Keepers of the House by Shirley Ann Grau
  • 1966: The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter by Katherine Anne Porter
  • 1967: The Fixer by Bernard Malamud
  • 1968: The Confessions of Nat Turner by William Styron
  • 1969: House Made of Dawn by N. Scott Momaday
1970s
  • 1970: The Collected Stories of Jean Stafford by Jean Stafford
  • 1971: No award given
  • 1972: Angle of Repose by Wallace Stegner
  • 1973: The Optimist's Daughter by Eudora Welty
  • 1974: No award given
    • Gravity's Rainbow by Thomas Pynchon
  • 1975: The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara
  • 1976: Humboldt's Gift by Saul Bellow
  • 1977: No award given
    • A River Runs Through It by Norman MacLean
    • Roots by Alex Haley (special Pulitzer Prize)
  • 1978: Elbow Room by James Alan McPherson
  • 1979: The Stories of John Cheever by John Cheever
1980s

Entries from this point on include the finalists listed after the winner for each year.

  • 1980: The Executioner's Song by Norman Mailer
    • Birdy by William Wharton
    • The Ghost Writer by Philip Roth
  • 1981: A Confederacy of Dunces by John Kennedy Toole (posthumous win)
    • Godric by Frederick Buechner
    • So Long, See You Tomorrow by William Maxwell
  • 1982: Rabbit Is Rich by John Updike
    • A Flag for Sunrise by Robert Stone
    • Housekeeping by Marilynne Robinson
  • 1983: The Color Purple by Alice Walker
    • Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant by Anne Tyler
    • Rabbis and Wives by Chaim Grade
  • 1984: Ironweed by William Kennedy
    • Cathedral by Raymond Carver
    • The Feud by Thomas Berger
  • 1985: Foreign Affairs by Alison Lurie
    • I Wish This War Were Over by Diana O'Hehir
    • Leaving the Land by Douglas Unger
  • 1986: Lonesome Dove by Larry McMurtry
    • The Accidental Tourist by Anne Tyler
    • Continental Drift by Russell Banks
  • 1987: A Summons to Memphis by Peter Taylor
    • Paradise by Donald Barthelme
    • Whites by Norman Rush
  • 1988: Beloved by Toni Morrison
    • Persian Nights by Diane Johnson
    • That Night by Alice McDermott
  • 1989: Breathing Lessons by Anne Tyler
    • Where I'm Calling From by Raymond Carver
1990s
  • 1990: The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love by Oscar Hijuelos
    • Billy Bathgate by E. L. Doctorow
  • 1991: Rabbit at Rest by John Updike
    • Mean Spirit by Linda Hogan
    • The Things They Carried by Tim O'Brien
  • 1992: A Thousand Acres by Jane Smiley
    • Jernigan by David Gates
    • Lila: An Inquiry into Morals by Robert M. Pirsig
    • Mao II by Don DeLillo
  • 1993: A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain by Robert Olen Butler
    • At Weddings and Wakes by Alice McDermott
    • Black Water by Joyce Carol Oates
  • 1994: The Shipping News by E. Annie Proulx
    • The Collected Stories of Reynolds Price by Reynolds Price
    • Operation Shylock: A Confession by Philip Roth
  • 1995: The Stone Diaries by Carol Shields
    • The Collected Stories of Grace Paley by Grace Paley
    • What I Lived For by Joyce Carol Oates
  • 1996: Independence Day by Richard Ford
    • Mr. Ives' Christmas by Oscar Hijuelos
    • Sabbath's Theater by Philip Roth
  • 1997: Martin Dressler: The Tale of an American Dreamer by Steven Millhauser
    • The Manikin by Joanna Scott
    • Unlocking the Air and Other Stories by Ursula K. Le Guin
  • 1998: American Pastoral by Philip Roth
    • Bear and His Daughter: Stories by Robert Stone
    • Underworld by Don DeLillo
  • 1999: The Hours by Michael Cunningham
    • Cloudsplitter by Russell Banks
    • The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver
2000s
  • 2000: Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahiri
    • Close Range: Wyoming Stories by Annie Proulx
    • Waiting by Ha Jin
  • 2001: The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay by Michael Chabon
    • Blonde by Joyce Carol Oates
    • The Quick and the Dead by Joy Williams
  • 2002: Empire Falls by Richard Russo
    • The Corrections by Jonathan Franzen
    • John Henry Days by Colson Whitehead
  • 2003: Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides
    • Servants of the Map: Stories by Andrea Barrett
    • You Are Not a Stranger Here by Adam Haslett
  • 2004: The Known World by Edward P. Jones
    • American Woman by Susan Choi
    • Evidence of Things Unseen by Marianne Wiggins
  • 2005: Gilead by Marilynne Robinson
    • An Unfinished Season by Ward Just
    • War Trash by Ha Jin
  • 2006: March by Geraldine Brooks
    • The Bright Forever by Lee Martin
    • The March by E. L. Doctorow
  • 2007: The Road by Cormac McCarthy
    • After This by Alice McDermott
    • The Echo Maker by Richard Powers
  • 2008: The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Díaz
    • Shakespeare's Kitchen by Lore Segal
    • Tree of Smoke by Denis Johnson
  • 2009: Olive Kitteridge by Elizabeth Strout
    • All Souls by Christine Schutt
    • The Plague of Doves by Louise Erdrich
2010s
  • 2010: Tinkers by Paul Harding
    • In Other Rooms, Other Wonders by Daniyal Mueenuddin
    • Love in Infant Monkeys by Lydia Millet
  • 2011: A Visit From the Goon Squad by Jennifer Egan
    • The Privileges by Jonathan Dee
    • The Surrendered by Chang-Rae Lee
  • 2012: No award given.
    • Train Dreams by Denis Johnson
    • Swamplandia! by Karen Russell
    • The Pale King by David Foster Wallace (posthumous nominee)
  • 2013: The Orphan Master's Son by Adam Johnson
    • What We Talk About When We Talk About Anne Frank by Nathan Englander
    • The Snow Child by Eowyn Ivey
  • 2014: The Goldfinch by Donna Tartt
    • The Son by Philipp Meyer
    • The Woman Who Lost Her Soul by Bob Shacochis
  • 2015: All the Light We Cannot See by Anthony Doerr
    • Let Me Be Frank with You by Richard Ford
    • The Moor's Account by Laila Lalami
    • Lovely, Dark, Deep by Joyce Carol Oates
  • 2016: The Sympathizer by Viet Thanh Nguyen
    • Get in Trouble: Stories by Kelly Link
    • Maud's Line by Margaret Verble
  • 2017: The Underground Railroad by Colson Whitehead
    • Imagine Me Gone by Adam Haslett
    • The Sport of Kings by C.E. Morgan
Repeat winners

Three writers to date have won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction multiple times, one nominally in the novel category and two in the general fiction category. Ernest Hemingway was selected by the 1941 and 1953 juries, but the former was overturned and no 1941 award was given.

  • Booth Tarkington, 1919, 1922
  • William Faulkner, 1955, 1963 (awarded posthumously)
  • John Updike, 1982, 1991
See also
  • Novels portal
References
  1. ^ "1917 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2013-12-19.
  2. ^ a b c "Pulitzer Prize for the Novel". The Pulitzer Prizes (pulitzer.org). Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  3. ^ Among the titles the fiction jury considered this year was Joseph Hergesheimer's Java Head. However, one juror strongly objected to the novel, arguing that it was not "wholesome" enough for Pulitzer distinction. Fischer, Heinz Dietrich, and Erika J. Fischer. Chronicle of the Pulitzer Prizes for Fiction: Discussions, Decisions and Documents, Munich, K. G. Saur, 2007. 4.
  4. ^ a b The fiction jury had recommended the 1941 award go to Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls. Although the Pulitzer Board initially agreed with that judgment, the president of Columbia University, Nicholas Murray Butler, persuaded the board to reverse its judgment because he deemed the novel offensive, and no award was given that year. McDowell, Edwin. "Publishing: Pulitzer Controversies." New York Times 11 May 1984: C26.
  5. ^ The fiction jury had recommended the 1957 award to Elizabeth Spencer's The Voice at the Back Door, but the Pulitzer board, which has sole discretion for awarding the prize, made no award. Source: McDowell, Edwin. "Publishing: Pulitzer Controversies". The New York Times, 11 May 1984: C26.
  6. ^ The three novels the Pulitzer committee put forth for consideration to the Pulitzer board were: Losing Battles by Eudora Welty; Mr. Sammler's Planet by Saul Bellow; and The Wheel of Love by Joyce Carol Oates. The board rejected all three and opted for no award. Source: Fischer, Heinz-Dietrich. The Pulitzer Prize Archive, Volume 10, "Novel/Fiction Awards 1917-1994". Munich: K.G. Saur, 1994. LX-LXI.
  7. ^ The fiction jury had unanimously recommended the 1974 award to Thomas Pynchon's Gravity's Rainbow, but the Pulitzer board, which has sole discretion for awarding the prize, made no award. Source: McDowell, Edwin. "Publishing: Pulitzer Controversies". The New York Times, 11 May 1984: C26.
  8. ^ The fiction jury had recommended the 1977 award to Norman MacLean's A River Runs Through It, but the Pulitzer board, which has sole discretion for awarding the prize, made no award. That same year, however, Alex Haley's iconic family saga Roots was awarded a special Pulitzer Prize. Source: McDowell, Edwin. "Publishing: Pulitzer Controversies". The New York Times, 11 May 1984: C26.
  9. ^ "The 2012 Pulitzer Prize Winners: Fiction," The Pulitzer Prizes official website. Accessed Dec. 8, 2015.
  10. ^ "The 2016 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Fiction". Pulitzer.org. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  11. ^ "2017 Pulitzer Prizes". Pulitzer.org. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winners. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pulitzer Prize for the Novel winners.
  • Official website for Pulitzer Prize: for the Novel and for Fiction
  • The Pulitzer Prize Thumbnails Project
  • Michael's Cunningam's "Letter from the Pulitzer Fiction Jury: What Really Happened This Year," The New Yorker — Part One (July 9, 2012) and Part Two (July 10, 2012)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Pulitzer Prizes
  • 1917
  • 1918
  • 1919
  • 1920
  • 1921
  • 1922
  • 1923
  • 1924
  • 1925
  • 1926
  • 1927
  • 1928
  • 1929
  • 1930
  • 1931
  • 1932
  • 1933
  • 1934
  • 1935
  • 1936
  • 1937
  • 1938
  • 1939
  • 1940
  • 1941
  • 1942
  • 1943
  • 1944
  • 1945
  • 1946
  • 1947
  • 1948
  • 1949
  • 1950
  • 1951
  • 1952
  • 1953
  • 1954
  • 1955
  • 1956
  • 1957
  • 1958
  • 1959
  • 1960
  • 1961
  • 1962
  • 1963
  • 1964
  • 1965
  • 1966
  • 1967
  • 1968
  • 1969
  • 1970
  • 1971
  • 1972
  • 1973
  • 1974
  • 1975
  • 1976
  • 1977
  • 1978
  • 1979
  • 1980
  • 1981
  • 1982
  • 1983
  • 1984
  • 1985
  • 1986
  • 1987
  • 1988
  • 1989
  • 1990
  • 1991
  • 1992
  • 1993
  • 1994
  • 1995
  • 1996
  • 1997
  • 1998
  • 1999
  • 2000
  • 2001
  • 2002
  • 2003
  • 2004
  • 2005
  • 2006
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • v
  • t
  • e
Pulitzer Prize for Fiction 1918–1925
  • His Family by Ernest Poole (1918)
  • The Magnificent Ambersons by Booth Tarkington (1919)
  • The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton (1921)
  • Alice Adams by Booth Tarkington (1922)
  • One of Ours by Willa Cather (1923)
  • The Able McLaughlins by Margaret Wilson (1924)
  • So Big by Edna Ferber (1925)
1926–1950
  • Arrowsmith by Sinclair Lewis (declined) (1926)
  • Early Autumn by Louis Bromfield (1927)
  • The Bridge of San Luis Rey by Thornton Wilder (1928)
  • Scarlet Sister Mary by Julia Peterkin (1929)
  • Laughing Boy by Oliver La Farge (1930)
  • Years of Grace by Margaret Ayer Barnes (1931)
  • The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck (1932)
  • The Store by Thomas Sigismund Stribling (1933)
  • Lamb in His Bosom by Caroline Pafford Miller (1934)
  • Now in November by Josephine Winslow Johnson (1935)
  • Honey in the Horn by Harold L. Davis (1936)
  • Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell (1937)
  • The Late George Apley by John Phillips Marquand (1938)
  • The Yearling by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (1939)
  • The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck (1940)
  • In This Our Life by Ellen Glasgow (1942)
  • Dragon's Teeth by Upton Sinclair (1943)
  • Journey in the Dark by Martin Flavin (1944)
  • A Bell for Adano by John Hersey (1945)
  • All the King's Men by Robert Penn Warren (1947)
  • Tales of the South Pacific by James A. Michener (1948)
  • Guard of Honor by James Gould Cozzens (1949)
  • The Way West by A. B. Guthrie Jr. (1950)
1951–1975
  • The Town by Conrad Richter (1951)
  • The Caine Mutiny by Herman Wouk (1952)
  • The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway (1953)
  • A Fable by William Faulkner (1955)
  • Andersonville by MacKinlay Kantor (1956)
  • A Death in the Family by James Agee (1958)
  • The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters by Robert Lewis Taylor (1959)
  • Advise and Consent by Allen Drury (1960)
  • To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee (1961)
  • The Edge of Sadness by Edwin O'Connor (1962)
  • The Reivers by William Faulkner (1963)
  • The Keepers of the House by Shirley Ann Grau (1965)
  • The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter by Katherine Anne Porter (1966)
  • The Fixer by Bernard Malamud (1967)
  • The Confessions of Nat Turner by William Styron (1968)
  • House Made of Dawn by N. Scott Momaday (1969)
  • The Collected Stories of Jean Stafford by Jean Stafford (1970)
  • Angle of Repose by Wallace Stegner (1972)
  • The Optimist's Daughter by Eudora Welty (1973)
  • The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara (1975)
1976–2000
  • Humboldt's Gift by Saul Bellow (1976)
  • Elbow Room by James Alan McPherson (1978)
  • The Stories of John Cheever by John Cheever (1979)
  • The Executioner's Song by Norman Mailer (1980)
  • A Confederacy of Dunces by John Kennedy Toole (1981)
  • Rabbit Is Rich by John Updike (1982)
  • The Color Purple by Alice Walker (1983)
  • Ironweed by William Kennedy (1984)
  • Foreign Affairs by Alison Lurie (1985)
  • Lonesome Dove by Larry McMurtry (1986)
  • A Summons to Memphis by Peter Taylor (1987)
  • Beloved by Toni Morrison (1988)
  • Breathing Lessons by Anne Tyler (1989)
  • The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love by Oscar Hijuelos (1990)
  • Rabbit at Rest by John Updike (1991)
  • A Thousand Acres by Jane Smiley (1992)
  • A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain by Robert Olen Butler (1993)
  • The Shipping News by E. Annie Proulx (1994)
  • The Stone Diaries by Carol Shields (1995)
  • Independence Day by Richard Ford (1996)
  • Martin Dressler: The Tale of an American Dreamer by Steven Millhauser (1997)
  • American Pastoral by Philip Roth (1998)
  • The Hours by Michael Cunningham (1999)
  • Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahiri (2000)
2001–present
  • The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay by Michael Chabon (2001)
  • Empire Falls by Richard Russo (2002)
  • Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides (2003)
  • The Known World by Edward P. Jones (2004)
  • Gilead by Marilynne Robinson (2005)
  • March by Geraldine Brooks (2006)
  • The Road by Cormac McCarthy (2007)
  • The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Díaz (2008)
  • Olive Kitteridge by Elizabeth Strout (2009)
  • Tinkers by Paul Harding (2010)
  • A Visit from the Goon Squad by Jennifer Egan (2011)
  • No award given (2012)
  • The Orphan Master's Son by Adam Johnson (2013)
  • The Goldfinch by Donna Tartt (2014)
  • All the Light We Cannot See by Anthony Doerr (2015)
  • The Sympathizer by Viet Thanh Nguyen (2016)
  • The Underground Railroad by Colson Whitehead (2017)


 
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