Camp Nou
Camp Nou


Camp Nou
Camp Nou (Catalan pronunciation: [ˌkamˈnɔw], "new field", often referred to as the Nou Camp in English) is the home stadium of FC Barcelona since its

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Camp Nou UEFA Full name Camp NouLocation Barcelona, SpainCoordinates 41°22′51″N 2°07′22″E / 41.38087°N 2.122802°E / 41.38087; 2.122802Public transit

Palau Reial Les Corts

CollblancOwner FC BarcelonaExecutive suites 23[1]Capacity 99,354Record attendance 120,000 (FC Barcelona vs Juventus, first leg of the 1985–86 European Cup quarter–finals)Field size 105 m × 68 m (115 yd × 74 yd)[2]Surface GrassMaster hybrid grassScoreboard SonyConstructionBuilt 1954–1957Opened 24 September 1957; 60 years ago (1957-09-24)[2]Renovated 1995, 2008Expanded 1982Construction cost €1.73 millionArchitect Francesc MitjansTenants

FC Barcelona (1957–present)

Catalonia national football team (1976–present)

Camp Nou (Catalan pronunciation: , "new field", often referred to as the Nou Camp in English)[3][4] is the home stadium of FC Barcelona since its completion in 1957.

With a seating capacity of 99,354,[5] it is the largest stadium in Spain and Europe, and the third largest football stadium in the world in capacity. It has hosted two European Cup/Champions League finals in 1989 and 1999, two UEFA Cup Winners' Cup finals, four Inter-Cities Fairs Cup final games, five UEFA Super Cup final games, four Copa del Rey finals, two Copa de la Liga final games, twenty-one Supercopa de España final games, five matches including the opening game of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, two out of four matches at the 1964 European Nations' Cup and the football competition final at the 1992 Summer Olympics.

Contents History Aerial view of the stadium One of the stands displaying Barcelona's motto, Més que un club, meaning "More than a club" A view of the supporters' side during a match, showing the FC Barcelona colours Main stand external view of the stadium Construction

The construction of Camp Nou started on 28 March 1954 as Barcelona's previous stadium, Camp de Les Corts, had no room for expansion. Although originally planned to be called the Estadi del FC Barcelona, the more popular name Camp Nou was used. The June 1950 signing of László Kubala, regarded as one of Barcelona's greatest players, provided further impetus to the construction of a larger stadium.[6][7][8]

The architects were Francesc Mitjans and Josep Soteras, with the collaboration of Lorenzo García-Barbón.[9]

Early years and the 1982 World Cup

In May 1972, Camp Nou hosted its first European Cup Winners' Cup final between Rangers and Dynamo Moscow. Rangers won the match with a score of 3–2. The 1970s marked a turning point for Barcelona with the signing of a new player, Johan Cruyff, in 1973. Electronic scoreboards were installed in the stadium two years later.

The stadium underwent an expansion in 1980, in anticipation of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, which added boxes, VIP lounges, a new press area, new markers and the construction of the third tier, which was smaller in height than the original design by 6 metres (46.60 metres compared to the original design of 52.50 metres). The expansion of the stadium added 22,150 new seats,[10] taking the total seating capacity to 71,731, and the standing capacity was expanded by 16,500 to 49,670, taking the total stadium capacity (seated and standing combined) to 121,401.[11] FC Barcelona's record attendance was set on 5 March 1986 in the European Cup quarter-final against Juventus in front of 120,000 spectators, just 1,401 shy of the stadium's capacity.

Camp Nou was one of several stadiums used throughout the 1982 World Cup, hosting the inauguration ceremony on 13 June. It also hosted more matches in that tournament than any of the 16 other stadiums used all over Spain, including the opening match, where the traditional opening ceremonies took place (including the releasing of a dove). In front of 95,000, Belgium upset the defending champions Argentina 1–0 in that opening match. It then hosted three round-robin matches between the Soviet Union, Poland, and Belgium, which Poland ended up winning and qualifying from to reach the semi-finals, where they played Italy at the Camp Nou, losing 2–0; Italy went on to win the final match, which was played at Real Madrid's Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid.[12]

Development

The stadium’s capacity has varied greatly over the years, opening at 106,146, but growing to 121,401 for the 1982 FIFA World Cup.

Apart from hosting Barcelona, Camp Nou is home to the Catalan team.[13] The stadium is frequently used for other football events. The European Cup final between Milan and Steaua București was held on 24 May 1989, with the Italian club winning 4–0.[14] Camp Nou hosted part of the football competition, including the final, in the 1992 Summer Olympics.[15] In preparation for these matches, two additional tiers of seating were installed over the previous roof-line.[16]

Camp Nou underwent little change after 1982, except for the opening of the club museum in 1984. The stadium underwent a facelift in 1993–94, in which the pitch was lowered by 2.5 metres (8 feet), the security gap that separated the lawn from the galleries was removed, and standing room was eliminated in favor of individual seating. A new press box, renovation of the presidential grandstand and boxes, new parking under the main grandstand, and new lighting and sound systems were completed in time for the 1998–99 season. In 1999, UEFA outlawed standing sections in stadiums, and Camp Nou’s capacity settled to its current level.[2] The stadium hosted the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final later that year where Manchester United played Bayern Munich. United won 2–1, coming back from 0–1 down in injury time.[17]

During 1998–99, UEFA rated Camp Nou a five-star stadium for its services and functionalities.[18] However, as per the 2010 regulations, UEFA does not publish a list of the top venues.

In 2000, fans were polled concerning the stadium's name. Of the 29,102 votes the club received, a total of 19,861 (68.25%) preferred Camp Nou to Estadi del FC Barcelona, and thus the official name was changed to the popular nickname.[19]

The facilities now include a memorabilia shop, mini-pitches for training matches, and a chapel for the players. The stadium also houses the second-most visited museum in Catalonia, FC Barcelona Museum, which receives more than 1.2 million visitors per year.[20]

On 1 October 2017, Barcelona's league match against Las Palmas was played in an empty Camp Nou due to political turmoil in the region.[21]

Renovation and expansion

The club issued an international tender to remodel the stadium as a celebration of the stadium's fiftieth anniversary. The objective was to make the facility an integrated and highly visible urban environment. The club schemed to increase the seating capacity by 13,500, with at least half of the total seating to be under cover. The intention was to make it the third-largest stadium in the world (in terms of seating capacity), after the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in the USA (297,000 capacity), and the Rungnado May Day Stadium in North Korea (114,000 capacity).

On 18 September 2007, the British architect Norman Foster and his company were selected to "restructure" Camp Nou. With an estimated cost of €250 million, the plan included the addition of roughly 6,000 seats for a maximum capacity of 105,000.[22] The FC Barcelona board approved the sale of their former training ground (the Mini Estadi) against significant opposition in order to finance the remodeling. The project was planned to begin in 2009 and to be finished for the 2011–12 season.[23] However, due to the 2008 financial crisis, the sale of the training ground was postponed and likewise the remodeling project. In May 2010, Sandro Rosell, then a candidate for president of FC Barcelona, dismissed the possibility of selling the Mini Estadi, saying it would be indefensible to "sell the crown jewels", and his election on 30 June 2010 effectively halted the plan to remodel Camp Nou.[24][25]

In January 2014, Barcelona's board of directors rejected the option of building a new stadium due to financial constraints and instead opted to remodel the Camp Nou to bring the capacity up to 105,000.[26] The project is expected to cost around £495 million (€600 million) with work beginning in 2017 with a completion date of early 2021 with one of the most expensive seat to cost of expansion ratios.[27][28] A refined plan was released on 26 May 2015, showing plans to add a canopy over the stands, and showing the plans for seating expansion in greater detail.[29] Construction will begin in the summer of 2018, and estimated completion won't be until the start of the 2021-2022 La Liga season

Other uses A panoramic photograph of the stadium

Camp Nou has been used for various purposes other than football, often hosting major concerts. Pope John Paul II celebrated mass for a congregation of over 121,500 at Camp Nou on 17 November 1982, on the occasion being made an honorary citizen of Barcelona.[30]

In 1983, Julio Iglesias played for 60,000 people, in what was described as a "most beautifully orchestrated" concert.[31] Other high-profile performances at Camp Nou include those by Bruce Springsteen on 3 August 1988 during his Tunnel of Love Express Tour; and again on 19 and 20 July 2008 during his Magic Tour. On 9 August 1988, Michael Jackson appeared at the stadium in front of 95,000 fans during his Bad World Tour.[32] On 10 September 1988, a charity concert organised by Amnesty International to support human rights featured, among others, Bruce Springsteen, Sting, Peter Gabriel, Youssou N'Dour, Tracy Chapman, and El Último de la Fila. A concert by the Three Tenors – Josep Carreras, Plácido Domingo and Luciano Pavarotti – was held on 13 July 1997. On August 3, 1988 Bruce Springsteen appeared in front of 90,000 people on the Tunnel of Love Express Tour. He came back on September 3, 1988 to appear in front of again 90,000 on the Human Rights Now! tour.

Camp Nou was host when U2 played in Barcelona on their 360° Tour.

U2 performed at the stadium three times: the first one was on 7 August 2005 during their Vertigo Tour, in front of a sold out crowd of 81,269 people. The second and the third were on 30 June and 2 July 2009 during their U2 360° Tour, in front of a total crowd of 182,055 people. The encore performance of "I'll Go Crazy If I Don't Go Crazy Tonight" from the second 2009 show was filmed for the music video of the single.

On 4 November 2014, Ligue Nationale de Rugby (LNR), which operates France's professional rugby union leagues, announced that the 2015–16 Top 14 final would be held at the Camp Nou on 24 June 2016.[33] The Top 14 final is traditionally held at the Stade de France in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis. However, the scheduling of the 2015 Rugby World Cup caused the 2015–16 French season to be shifted by several weeks, in turn causing the Stade de France to be unavailable because it would be a major venue for UEFA Euro 2016.[34] The match ultimately drew a crowd of 99,124, setting a new record for attendance at a domestic rugby match.[35]

Transport connections Avinguda de Xile Station Tramway

Approximately 680 metres from Camp Nou there is the Trambaix Avinguda de Xile station (lines T1, T2 and T3).

Metro

The stadium is accessible from the Barcelona Metro with the closest stations to Camp Nou are Palau Reial, Maria Cristina and Les Corts, on L3; Badal on L5 and Collblanc on L5 or L9. All are 500 to 1,000 metres from Camp Nou, depending on which of the gates (accesses) to Camp Nou are used. Usually metro services are increased when there is a match with significant passenger congestion nonetheless.

Closest station to each access:

Currently a station for Camp Nou is under construction, on L9 and L10.[citation needed]

Bus

The bus lines with a stop close to Camp Nou are: TMB lines:

AMB lines:

Nitbus (approximately 22.30h-5h):

Usually the lines 15, 43 and 56 service is stepped up, depending on the demand that may occur. Apart from that there are two special lines to Mossèn Jacint Verdaguer Square and to Catalunya Square when there are matches.

Airport

The stadium is a significant 13.7 kilometres (8.5 mi) away from the El Prat International Airport which is a 40-minute drive considering the city's traffic. It is possible to use the L9 from the airport directly to Collblanc, and walk for about 9–12 minutes to the stadium as an alternative route.

1982 FIFA World Cup

The stadium was one of the venues of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, and held the following matches:

Date Team No. 1 Res. Team No. 2 Round 13 June 1982  Argentina 0–1  Belgium Group 3 (first round) 28 June 1982  Poland 3–0  Belgium Group A (second round) 1 July 1982  Belgium 0–1  Soviet Union Group A (second round) 4 July 1982  Soviet Union 0–0  Poland Group A (second round) 8 July 1982  Poland 0–2  Italy Semi-finals References
  1. ^ . www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved on 04 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Information". FC Barcelona. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  3. ^ Keith Jackson (22 October 2012). "Nou Camp visit isn't to admire Barca players..it's strictly business, says Celtic winger James Forrest – Daily Record". dailyrecord. Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  4. ^ Percy, John (19 December 2012). "Barcelona coach Tito Vilanova steps down from Nou Camp role following relapse of tumour on saliva glands". The Daily Telegraph. London. 
  5. ^ . www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved on 22 August 2012.
  6. ^ Farred, Grant p. 124
  7. ^ Eaude, Michael p. 104
  8. ^ "Brief history of Camp Nou". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  9. ^ "Camp Nou". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  10. ^ "L'assamblea ha dit sí a l'ampliació de l'estadi" (PDF). Mundo Deportivo. Retrieved 10 January 2015. 
  11. ^ "Ampliación del estadio Nou Camp/Barcelona". (Instituto de Ciencial de la Construcción (CSIC)). Retrieved 10 January 2015. 
  12. ^ "1982 FIFA World Cup Spain". FIFA. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  13. ^ "No homage to Catalonia from Arsene Wenger as Johan Cruyff picks Cesc Fabregas for Christmas charity friendly". Daily Mail. London. 15 December 2009. Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  14. ^ Brewin, John (1 May 2009). "Warnings from history for Manchester United". ESPN. Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  15. ^ 1992 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 211–6.
  16. ^ Snyder,EL Hadii Director of the stadium John. pp. 81–82
  17. ^ "United crowned kings of Europe". BBC. 26 May 1999. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  18. ^ "A five star stadium". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  19. ^ "A five star stadium". FC Bajsalona. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  20. ^ "Visites per ordre de nom del museu" (PDF) (in Catalan). Generalitat de Catalunya. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  21. ^ Fisher, Ben (1 October 2017). "Lionel Messi helps Barcelona extend perfect start at empty Camp Nou". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 October 2017. 
  22. ^ "Camp Nou". Fosters + Partners. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  23. ^ Paul Hamilos (24 September 2007). "European football: Foster to give Camp Nou Gaudí-inspired facelift". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  24. ^ "Rosell vería como una "muy mala noticia" vender los terrenos del Miniestadi" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 20 May 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  25. ^ "Laporta, un 'elefant' en el palco" (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 15 July 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  26. ^ "Barcelona announce Nou Camp redevelopment plan". BBC Sport. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  27. ^ "The New Camp! Barcelona reveal £495m plan to develop 105,000 capacity stadium with roof". Daily Mail. London. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  28. ^ "A new stadium built on the same structure". FC Barcelona Official Site. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  29. ^ "Barcelona reveals plans for Camp Nou, release... – – FOX Soccer Blog – FOX Soccer on MSN – FOX Sports on MSN". Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  30. ^ Kelly, Cathal (8 April 2005). "Pope's team? Myths never had a prayer". Toronto Star. Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  31. ^ García, Elizabeth p. 49
  32. ^ "Camp Nou Experience (FC Barcelona) – Trekiz". Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  33. ^ "La Finale 2016 du TOP 14 au Camp Nou, à Barcelone !" (Press release) (in French). Ligue nationale de rugby. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  34. ^ "Barcelona confirmed as host of 2016 Top 14 final". ESPN Scrum. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  35. ^ Bergogne, Romain (24 June 2016). "En battant Toulon, le Racing 92 est sacré champion de France". L'Équipe (in French). Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
Bibliography External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Camp Nou. Events and tenants Preceded by
Two-legged Final Inter-Cities Fairs Cup
Final Venue

1964 Succeeded by
Stadio Comunale
Turin Preceded by
Karaiskakis Stadium
Piraeus UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Final Venue

1972 Succeeded by
Kaftanzoglio Stadium
Thessaloniki Preceded by
Rheinstadion
Düsseldorf UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Final Venue

1982 Succeeded by
Nya Ullevi
Gothenburg Preceded by
Monumental de Nuñez
Buenos Aires FIFA World Cup
Opening Venue

1982 Succeeded by
Estadio Azteca
Mexico City Preceded by
Neckarstadion
Stuttgart European Cup
Final Venue

1989 Succeeded by
Praterstadion
Vienna Preceded by
Olympic Stadium
Seoul Summer Olympics
Football Men's Final Venue

1992 Succeeded by
Sanford Stadium
Athens, Georgia Preceded by
Amsterdam Arena
Amsterdam UEFA Champions League
Final Venue

1999 Succeeded by
Stade de France
Paris Futbol Club Barcelona Other teams Home stadium Training ground Rivalries Other sports Related articles Links to related articlesBarcelona landmarksBeaches Buildings and structures Museums Performing arts Parks and gardens Streets and squares Sports venues Zoos 2018–19 La Liga venues 1964 European Nations' Cup stadiums 1982 FIFA World Cup stadiums Venues of the 1992 Summer OlympicsMontjuïc Area Diagonal Area Vall d'Hebron Area Parc de Mar Area Subsites Olympic venues in association football
1900
Vélodrome de Vincennes
1904
Francis Field
1908
White City Stadium
1912
Råsunda IP, Stockholm Olympic Stadium (final), Tranebergs Idrottsplats
1920
Jules Ottenstadion, Olympisch Stadion (final), Stade Joseph Marien, Stadion Broodstraat
1924
Stade Bergeyre, Stade de Colombes (final), Stade de Paris, Stade Pershing
1928
Monnikenhuize, Olympic Stadium (final), Sparta Stadion Het Kasteel
1936
Hertha-BSC Field, Mommsenstadion, Olympiastadion (final), Poststadion
1948
Arsenal Stadium, Champion Hill, Craven Cottage, Empire Stadium (medal matches), Fratton Park, Goldstone Ground, Green Pond Road, Griffin Park, Lynn Road, Selhurst Park, White Hart Lane
1952
Helsinki Football Grounds, Kotka, Lahti, Olympic Stadium (final), Tampere, Turku
1956
Melbourne Cricket Ground (final), Olympic Park Stadium
1960
Florence Communal Stadium, Grosseto Communal Stadium, L'Aquila Communal Stadium, Livorno Ardenza Stadium, Naples Saint Paul's Stadium, Pescara Adriatic Stadium, Stadio Flaminio (final)
1964
Komazawa Olympic Park Stadium, Mitsuzawa Football Field, Nagai Stadium, Tokyo National Stadium (final), Nishikyogoku Athletic Stadium, Ōmiya Football Field, Prince Chichibu Memorial Football Field
1968
Estadio Azteca (final), Estadio Cuauhtémoc, Estadio Nou Camp, Jalisco Stadium
1972
Dreiflüssestadion, ESV-Stadion, Jahnstadion, Olympiastadion (final), Rosenaustadion, Urban Stadium
1976
Lansdowne Park, Olympic Stadium (final), Sherbrooke Stadium, Varsity Stadium
1980
Dinamo Stadium, Dynamo Central Stadium, Grand Arena, Grand Arena (final), Kirov Stadium, Republican Stadium
1984
Harvard Stadium, Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium, Rose Bowl (final), Stanford Stadium
1988
Busan Stadium, Daegu Stadium, Daejeon Stadium, Dongdaemun Stadium, Olympic Stadium (final)
1992
Estadi de la Nova Creu Alta, Camp Nou (final), Estadio Luís Casanova, La Romareda, Sarrià Stadium
1996
Florida Citrus Bowl, Legion Field, Orange Bowl, RFK Memorial Stadium, Sanford Stadium (both finals)
2000
Stadium Australia, Brisbane Cricket Ground, Bruce Stadium, Hindmarsh Stadium, Melbourne Cricket Ground, Olympic Stadium (men's final), Sydney Football Stadium (women's final)
2004
Kaftanzoglio Stadium, Karaiskakis Stadium (women's final), Olympic Stadium (men's final), Pampeloponnisiako Stadium, Pankritio Stadium, Panthessaliko Stadium
2008
Beijing National Stadium (men's final), Qinhuangdao Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Shanghai Stadium, Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium, Workers' Stadium (women's final)
2012
City of Coventry Stadium, Hampden Park, Millennium Stadium, St James' Park, Old Trafford, Wembley Stadium (both finals)
2016
Estádio Nacional de Brasília, Arena Fonte Nova, Mineirão, Arena Corinthians, Arena da Amazônia, Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, Maracanã (both finals)
2020
International Stadium Yokohama, Kashima Soccer Stadium, Miyagi Stadium, National Stadium, Saitama Stadium, Sapporo Dome, Tokyo Stadium
2024
Parc des Princes (both finals), Parc Olympique Lyonnais, Stade de la Beaujoire, Stade de Nice, Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Stade Matmut Atlantique, Stadium Municipal, Stade Pierre-Mauroy, Stade Vélodrome
2028
Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park, Banc of California Stadium, Rose Bowl, Levi's Stadium, Avaya Stadium, Stanford Stadium, California Memorial Stadium


 
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