Culiacán
Culiacán


Culiacán
Valle del Bravo - Campus Culiacán Universidad de Veracruz - Campus Culiacán Universidad Tecnológica de Culiacán At present, Culiacán has just over 68 urban

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Place in Sinaloa, Mexico Culiacán Rosales
Culiacán
Coat of armsNickname(s): La Perla del Humaya
(The Pearl of the Humaya)Location of Culiacán Municipality
within SinaloaCuliacán RosalesLocation in MexicoCoordinates: 24°48′17.46″N 107°23′07.79″W / 24.8048500°N 107.3854972°W / 24.8048500; -107.3854972CountryMexicoStateSinaloaFoundation1531Government • MayorJesús Antonio Valdés Palazuelos  PRIArea • City65 km2 (25 sq mi)Elevation[1] 71 m (233 ft)Population (2015) • Urban785,800 • DemonymCuliacanense / "culichi"Time zoneUTC−7 (MST) • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)WaterwaysTamazula River, Humaya River, Culiacán RiverAirportsFederal de Bachigualato International AirportPublic transitRedPlusRailroadsFerromex Culiacán StationWebsitewww.culiacan.gob.mx

Culiacán (Spanish pronunciation:  (listen)) is a city in northwestern Mexico. It is the largest city in and the capital of the state of Sinaloa. It is also the seat of Culiacán Municipality. It had an urban population of 785,800 in 2015 while 905,660 lived in the entire municipality. While the municipality has a total area of 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi), the city itself is considerably smaller, measuring only 65 km2 (25 sq mi).

The city is located in a valley at the confluence of the Tamazula and Humaya Rivers, where the two meet to form the Culiacán River, 55 m above sea level. It is in the center of the state, at about the same distance to the two other urban centers of the state: Los Mochis to the north and Mazatlán to the south.

Contents History Precolonial period

The most accepted translation would be Colhuacan "place of those who adore the crooked god Coltzin". Other translation may be that come from the word coahuacan, which can mean "palace of snakes". Before the Spaniards arrived from Europe, this site had been a small Indian settlement since 628 when Amerindians had first founded it.

Foundation

The city existing today was founded in 1531 by the Spanish captain Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán and named San Miguel de Culiacán. In the same decade, it was the terminus of the long journey of Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and company among natives. Explorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado set out from Culiacán to explore what is now the southwestern United States. Settlers from Europe came to Culiacán, and in the following centuries, Culiacán continued to be a quiet town. Only after the federal government built dams in the adjacent areas in the 1950s did agriculture explode and the city began to grow exponentially. Some of Mexico's largest agricultural conglomerates operate in the vast and fertile coastal plains. The agroindustrial economy continues to be the single largest contributor to the region's legal economy. While the vast majority of technical and skilled labor is educated locally, the once-seasonal field labor pool now experiences a yearly shortage of workers. International patterns of migration now draw laborers from deep within Mexico's south to the northern border states and into the United States.

After World War II Culiacán Municipal Palace (City Hall)

Beginning in the late 1950s, Culiacán became the birthplace of an incipient underground economy based on illicit drugs exported to the United States. The completion of the Pan-American Highway and the regional airport in the 1960s accelerated the expansion of a workable distribution infrastructure for the enterprising few families that would later come to dominate the international drug cartels along Mexico's Pacific Northwest.

Geography Climate

Culiacán has a semiarid climate (Köppen: BSh), despite receiving an annual rainfall over 600 mm (24 in), due to its hot temperatures and high evaporation. Summers are very hot and humid, shade temperatures can reach 45 °C (113 °F) and high humidity can produce heat indices of 50 to 55 °C (122 to 131 °F), with the risk of heavy rainfall from decaying tropical cyclones also present. Winters are much milder with less humidity and an average high of 27 °C, with warm nights.

Climate data for Culiacán (1951–2010) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 41.0
(105.8) 42.0
(107.6) 39.0
(102.2) 41.5
(106.7) 41.5
(106.7) 45.5
(113.9) 42.5
(108.5) 46.0
(114.8) 41.5
(106.7) 41.5
(106.7) 42.5
(108.5) 37.0
(98.6) 46.0
(114.8) Average high °C (°F) 27.8
(82) 28.9
(84) 30.5
(86.9) 32.8
(91) 34.9
(94.8) 35.9
(96.6) 35.5
(95.9) 34.8
(94.6) 34.4
(93.9) 34.2
(93.6) 31.5
(88.7) 28.2
(82.8) 32.5
(90.5) Daily mean °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9) 20.1
(68.2) 21.3
(70.3) 23.6
(74.5) 26.4
(79.5) 29.5
(85.1) 29.8
(85.6) 29.3
(84.7) 29.0
(84.2) 27.5
(81.5) 23.5
(74.3) 20.2
(68.4) 25.0
(77) Average low °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6) 11.3
(52.3) 12.1
(53.8) 14.5
(58.1) 18.0
(64.4) 23.2
(73.8) 24.1
(75.4) 23.8
(74.8) 23.6
(74.5) 20.7
(69.3) 15.6
(60.1) 12.2
(54) 17.5
(63.5) Record low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6) 2.0
(35.6) 3.0
(37.4) 3.0
(37.4) 9.0
(48.2) 12.0
(53.6) 13.0
(55.4) 16.0
(60.8) 17.0
(62.6) 11.0
(51.8) 5.0
(41) 3.0
(37.4) 2.0
(35.6) Average rainfall mm (inches) 18.4
(0.72) 11.7
(0.46) 2.8
(0.11) 2.4
(0.09) 1.1
(0.04) 19.7
(0.78) 162.8
(6.41) 209.2
(8.24) 141.6
(5.57) 50.0
(1.97) 21.3
(0.84) 26.3
(1.04) 667.3
(26.27) Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 1.4 0.6 0.4 0.2 2.4 13.8 14.8 10.8 2.9 1.6 2.2 53.3 Average relative humidity (%) 72 70 67 65 64 67 72 75 75 72 71 72 70 Mean monthly sunshine hours 189.1 186.5 229.4 213.0 248.0 222.0 192.2 198.4 195.0 229.4 213.0 182.9 2,498.9 Mean daily sunshine hours 6.1 6.6 7.4 7.1 8.0 7.4 6.2 6.4 6.5 7.4 7.1 5.9 6.8 Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (humidity 1981–2000)[2][3][4] Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1941–1970)[5] Economy

Culiacán's economy is mainly agricultural and commerce, being a trade center for produce, meat, and fish. Among other industries, Culiacán represents 32% of the state economy.

Coppel, Casa Ley, Homex and other companies of national importance are headquartered in Culiacan.

The Sinaloa Cartel, a drug-trafficking and organized crime syndicate, is based in Culiacán.[6]

Demographics

The city had an urban population of 785,800 in 2015 while 905,660 lived in the entire municipality. While the municipality has a total area of 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi), the city itself is considerably more densely, at only 65 km2 (25 sq mi).

Administrative divisions The 27 sectors of Culiacán

Culiacán is divided into 27 sectors (sectores), which are groups of several quarters (colonias):

Media

The newspaper El Debate is published in Culiacán.

Education Aerial view of Culiacán Escuela Libre de Derecho de Sinaloa Universities Transportation Transit system Urban transport

At present, Culiacán has just over 68 urban transport routes, which serve about 1 million users. The Culiacán urban transport is operated by RedPlus.

Rail

The city has a train station, operated by Ferromex, and it is used only to transport freight. It is connected to south with Mazatlán and north with Guaymas.

Bus station

Culiacán uses the Central Internacional de Autobuses "Millennium" ("Millennium" International Buses Station) to travel across all Mexico (north, central, and south) and to the United States (Arizona and California). This replaced the old bus terminal in the southern city.

Roads and expressways

Though several high-speed roads have been built, most of the city's streets are rather narrow and traffic jams are common at rush hours. Now, 300,000 cars are in Culiacan, making the per capita number of cars one of the highest in the country considering the 745,000 inhabitants.

Main roads

Culiacán has several roads (avenues, boulevards, streets, etc.), but some of these are the main quick connection to other points of the city.

Bridges and tunnels

The city has a total of 13 bridges: six across the Tamazula River, two spanning the Humaya River, and the longest one with other four crossing the Culiacán River. Efforts to solve traffic problems have been made, but most of the city streets and bridges are now crowded and insufficient to handle regular and rush hours traffic; a 40-km/h speed limit in most parts of the city worsens the situation.

Also, Culiacán has bridges in streets conforming to high transit systems in places where the rush hour is common.

On Feb. 17, 2014, investigators from Mexico and the United States learned Joaquín Guzmán Loera, or El Chapo, was using underground sewage tunnels in Culiacán by constructing hatches connecting to the drainage network in the bathtubs of his city "stash houses".[7] On at least one occasion, authorities chased Guzman into the tunnels, but lost him. An AP reporter said some of the tunnels were well lit, had wood paneling, and were air conditioned.[7]

Highways and freeways

Culiacán is a rail junction and is located on the Panamerican Highway that runs north to the United States and south to Guadalajara and Mexico City, and the Benito Juárez Highway or Maxipista, which is a toll road that runs parallel to the toll-free federal highway. It is connected to the north with Los Mochis and to the south with Mazatlán, Tepic, and Guadalajara with the Federal Highway 15.

Culiacán is linked to the satellite city of Navolato by an excellent freeway that now reaches Altata, in the Pacific Ocean coast. Culiacán is also linked to Tamazula de Victoria in Durango state.

Airport

Culiacán is served by Federal de Bachigualato International Airport (IATA: CUL, ICAO: MMCL), the most important domestic gateway in the state of Sinaloa, and the second in international operations after Mazatlán International Airport. It is located south of downtown; it is also the 10th Mexican Air Force base.

Entertainment Tourism Cathedral in Culiacán Las Riveras Park on Old Waterfront Attractions Sports

The city is home to three professional league sport teams: baseball with the Tomateros de Culiacán from the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico, two championships in Caribbean series in 1996 and 2002; and football with Dorados de Sinaloa, who play at the Estadio Banorte (Estadio Carlos González) and basketball with the Caballeros de Culiacan from the CIBACOPA. Duck, dove, and goose hunting season goes from early November through March. Culiacán also holds a yearly international marathon.

Notable people from Culiacán Entertainment Sports Modeling Gallery See also References
  1. ^ "Elevation of Culiacan,Mexico Elevation Map, Topography, Contour". www.floodmap.net..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  3. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Culiacan (DGE) 1961–2011" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on January 30, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  4. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981–2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 30, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  5. ^ "Klimatafel von Culiacán, Sinaloa / Mexiko" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  6. ^ "Mexico's Sinaloa gang grows empire, defies crackdown". Reuters. 19 January 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Officials: Wiretaps, aides led to drug lord arrest". Boston.com.
  8. ^ "Julio Cesar Chavez - Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia". Boxrec.com. 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
  9. ^ Elie Seckbach %BloggerTitle% (2010-06-17). "Julio Cesar Chavez Jr., Trainer Freddie Roach Workout". Boxing.fanhouse.com. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
  10. ^ "Omar Chavez - Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia". Boxrec.com. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Culiacán
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Coordinates: 24°48′N 107°23′W / 24.800°N 107.383°W / 24.800; -107.383



 
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