Franklin Graham
Franklin Graham

Franklin Graham
William Franklin Graham III (born July 14, 1952), better known as Franklin Graham, is a Christian evangelist and missionary. He frequently engages in

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Franklin Graham Graham at the Nebraska State Capitol during his Decision America tour in 2016Born William Franklin Graham III
(1952-07-14) July 14, 1952 (age 66)
Asheville, North Carolina, U.S.Residence Boone, North CarolinaOccupation Christian EvangelistPolitical party Independent (2015–present)
Republican (until 2015)[1]Spouse(s) Jane Cunningham (m. 1974)Children 4, including William Franklin IV[2]Parent(s) Billy Graham
Ruth Bell

William Franklin Graham III (born July 14, 1952), better known as Franklin Graham, is a Christian evangelist and missionary. He frequently engages in Christian revival tours and political commentary. He is currently president and CEO of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association (BGEA) and of Samaritan's Purse, an international Christian relief organization. He became a "committed Christian" in 1974 and was ordained in 1982, and has since become a public speaker and author. He is also known for being a son of the American evangelist Billy Graham.[3]

Contents Early years

William Franklin Graham III was born in Asheville, North Carolina, on July 14, 1952, to evangelist Billy Graham and Ruth Bell. He is the fourth of their five children.[4] As a teenager, Graham attended The Stony Brook School, a Christian private school on Long Island, New York, but dropped out. He finished high school in North Carolina.[5]

In 1970, Graham attended LeTourneau College in Longview, Texas, and was expelled from the school for keeping a female classmate out past curfew.[6] In 1974, he graduated from Montreat-Anderson College, now Montreat College, with an A.S.[7] and in 1978 from Appalachian State University with a B.A.[8][9]

In 1974, the 22-year-old had a conversion experience, fully committing himself to Jesus Christ in a hotel room while on a trip to the Middle East, including Lebanon, Jordan, and ending in Jerusalem. He was ordained in 1982 by the Grace Community Church in Tempe, Arizona.[10] He married Jane Austin Cunningham of Smithfield, North Carolina, in 1974. They have four children: William Franklin Graham IV (Will), born in 1975, Roy Austin Graham (1977), Edward Bell Graham (1979) and Jane Austin Graham Lynch (Cissie) (1986). Lynch is now married to former National Football League safety Corey Lynch. Graham and his wife have eleven grandchildren.[4]

On the left, with his father Billy Graham, June 1994

As a young man, Graham was actively mentored by two senior members of the Billy Graham Team; Roy Gustafson and John Wesley White. These men worked alongside Billy Graham and had a desire to positively affect the life and ministry of the eldest son of their longtime friend and colleague.


Graham began conducting events for the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association in 1989 and became the CEO in 2000 and its president in 2002.[11] Each year, he conducts at least five Graham Festivals around the world as an evangelist associated with the BGEA. Since 1989, he has preached to more than three million people in 126 evangelistic events.[citation needed] On January 23, 1990, Graham was a guest on 100 Huntley Street.[citation needed]

Graham went to Hong Kong from November 29 to December 2, 2007, to host the Hong Kong Franklin Graham Festival, the first major evangelistic rally in Hong Kong since its 1997 transfer of sovereignty, which drew more than 250,000 attendees.[12]

Graham spoke at the 1999 Columbine High School memorial, and he also gave the opening prayer at the 2001 inauguration of George W. Bush.[13]

Work with Samaritan's Purse and Billy Graham Evangelistic Association Graham preaching in Knoxville, Tennessee.

Shortly after identifying himself as having "become a Christian" in 1974, Graham joined Bob Pierce, founder of Samaritan's Purse, on a six-week mission to Asia.[citation needed] It was during this trip that Graham decided to focus on world relief. In 1979, after the death of Pierce, he became the president of Samaritan's Purse. Graham now also serves as the organization's CEO, and heads efforts on behalf of the organization in more than 100 countries, including programs such as Operation Christmas Child and the "Children's Heart Project".

Samaritan's Purse reported gross receipts of $414,031,085 during the 2010 federal tax year.[14] According to 2014 data, Graham is the highest paid Samaritan's Purse employee at $622,252 annually and leads other charities in compensation.[15] The preacher gave up a salary at the evangelistic association during the late economic downturn,[16] but the leaders urged him to accept compensation again and he now receives increased retirement contributions as well as a regular salary.[17] The evangelistic association reported 2013 revenues as $106.5 million and 2014 as $112,893,788.[18][19]

Political activism and controversies Warsaw (June 14, 2014)

Graham, a supporter of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, came under criticism for comments he made about Islam in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks when he referred to Islam as "a very evil and wicked religion."[20] Further criticism came on April 18, 2003, when he preached at a Good Friday service at the Pentagon.[21] Graham has made controversial remarks against Islam saying "True Islam cannot be practiced in this country," to CNN's Campbell Brown in December 2009. "You can't beat your wife. You cannot murder your children if you think they've committed adultery or something like that, which they do practice in these other countries."[22][23][24][25] On April 22, 2010 after objections from the Military Religious Freedom Foundation and the Muslim group Council on American–Islamic Relations (CAIR), the Pentagon rescinded his invitation from the Christian conservative National Day of Prayer Task Force to speak at a Pentagon National Day of Prayer event.[22] He still attended the National Day of Prayer meeting at the Pentagon, but outside in the parking lot with about a dozen people.[citation needed]

In the August 30, 2010, issue of Time magazine, "Does America Hate Islam?" Graham reportedly said that Islam "is a religion of hatred. It's a religion of war." Building the cultural center near Ground Zero, he says, means Muslims "will claim now that the World Trade Center property ... is Islamic land."[26]

On Iraq, Graham says he is, "poised and ready" to send representatives of the charity he runs to Iraq as soon as possible. While the purpose is humanitarian aid, Graham also admits, "I believe as we work, God will always give us opportunities to tell others about his Son. ... We are there to reach out to love them and to save them, and as a Christian, I do this in the name of Jesus Christ."

On August 19, 2010, when asked by CNN correspondent John King if he had doubts that President Barack Obama is a Christian, Graham stated, "I think the president's problem is that he was born a Muslim; his father was a Muslim. The seed of Islam is passed through the father like the seed of Judaism is passed through the mother. He was born a Muslim, his father gave him an Islamic name." Graham continues to say, "Now it's obvious that the president has renounced the prophet Mohammed, and he has renounced Islam, and he has accepted Jesus Christ. That's what he says he has done. I cannot say that he hasn't. So I just have to believe that the president is what he has said."[27][28] In a March 2011 interview with the conservative Internet publication Newsmax, Graham claimed that Obama had "allowed the Muslim Brotherhood to become part of the U.S. government and influence administration decisions," asserting that:[29]

The Muslim Brotherhood is very strong and active in our country. It's infiltrated every level of our government. Right now we have many of these people that are advising the US military and State Department on how to respond in the Middle East, and it's like asking a fox, like a farmer asking a fox, "How do I protect my henhouse from foxes?" We've brought in Muslims to tell us how to make policy toward Muslim countries. And many of these people we've brought in, I'm afraid, are under the Muslim Brotherhood.

When Sudanese president Omar Hassan al-Bashir was indicted by the International Criminal Court in March 2009, Graham argued in an op-ed in The New York Times that Bashir should not be indicted for alleged genocidal acts because the indictment would lead to the collapse of the 2005 peace agreement.[30] People for the American Way, among others, criticized Graham for downplaying Bashir's war in mostly Muslim Darfur because of peace in the mostly Christian south of Sudan and because Bashir has allowed Graham and his Samaritan's Purse latitude in operating in Sudan.[31] In September 2010, Graham stated on ABC's This Week with Christiane Amanpour that building churches and synagogues is forbidden in most countries in the Islamic world.[32]

In a March 2011 interview with Newsmax, Graham said the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan "may be" the second coming and Armageddon.[33]

In April 2011, Graham told ABC's This Week program that Donald Trump, who had recently declared an interest in the Republican nomination for the 2012 U.S. presidential race, was his preferred candidate.[34] During an interview with "Morning Joe" on MSNBC on February 21, 2012,[35] Reverend Graham said that Rick Santorum was most closely aligned to Christian values in his words and deeds and that Senator Santorum was certainly a Christian at heart. On President Obama, Reverend Graham said that he is "a fine man" but could not know whether the president was a Christian in his heart. Asked about Mitt Romney, Reverend Graham said that most Protestants do not view Mormonism as a Christian faith.

On February 28, 2012, Graham responded to a one-page letter sent by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) as an: "Open Letter from Leaders of Faith Regarding Statements by Franklin Graham." In the introduction to the one-page letter the fourteen signatories stated: "we are greatly troubled by recent attempts by some religious leaders to use faith as a political weapon. We were disturbed and disappointed by statements made by Rev. Franklin Graham during an interview on MSNBC that questioned whether President Obama is a Christian." In closing, the open-letter stated: "We call on Rev. Graham and all Christian leaders to exemplify this essential teaching of Jesus and refrain from using Christianity as a weapon of political division."[36]

In his open-letter response, Graham apologized to President Obama, stating: "I regret any comments I have ever made which may have cast any doubt on the personal faith of our president, Mr. Obama. The president has said he is a Christian and I accept that." In the open-letter closing Graham stated: "In this election season and challenging economic time I am praying for our country and for those who lead it—for we are commanded in Scripture to do so."[37]

Graham supported North Carolina Amendment 1, which was passed by a voter referendum on May 8, 2012, prohibiting same-sex marriage and all domestic partnerships.[38] Graham responded to Obama's May 9, 2012, statement of support for same-sex marriage, saying, "President Obama has, in my view, shaken his fist at the same God who created and defined marriage. It grieves me that our president would now affirm same-sex marriage, though I believe it grieves God even more."[39] Graham defended Russian President Vladimir Putin's "gay propaganda" law praising him for "protecting children from any homosexual agenda or propaganda."[40]

Graham has commented on Hinduism as well, saying, "no elephant with 100 arms can do anything for me. None of their 9,000 gods is going to lead me to salvation".[41]

On January 14, 2015, Duke University canceled plans to have an amplified Muslim call to prayer played each Friday from the top of its chapel bell tower. Media outlets, including Fox News and CBS, credit Graham for organizing a campaign that garnered more than 70,000 "Likes" on Facebook, calling on the university to cancel the call to prayer and lobbying alumni to boycott the school if they did not.[42]

On June 2016, Graham told a crowd, "I have zero hope for the Democratic Party; I have no hope for the Republican Party. I am running a campaign to put God back in the political process."[43] Nevertheless, in November 2016, Graham told The Washington Post that God had played a role in Donald Trump's election as U.S. president, saying: "I could sense going across the country that God was going to do something this year. And I believe that at this election, God showed up."[44] The same newspaper noted that the day after Trump's victory, Graham had posted a comment on Facebook in which he wrote, "Did God show up? In watching the news after the election, the secular media kept asking 'How did this happen?' 'What went wrong?' 'How did we miss this?' Some are in shock. Political pundits are stunned. Many thought the Trump/Pence ticket didn't have a chance. None of them understand the God-factor."[44] At the Inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017, Graham chose to read a passage from Paul's First Epistle to Timothy, chapter 2, which calls for prayers for all people, including "kings and for all those in authority, that we may live peacefully quiet lives in all godliness and holiness."[45]

As a New Year's resolution for 2017, Graham announced he was adopting a vegan diet for six months,[46] for the purpose of losing weight, citing as his inspiration Daniel in the Bible.[47]

In December 2017, several British MPs urged the Home Secretary to consider refusing UK entry to Graham from speaking at an event due to take place in Blackpool in September 2018. As Graham represents the evangelical community, critics argued that those who want to ban Graham which means that individuals who have different opinions of LGBT rights would be banned in the UK. Gordon Marsden, a Labour openly gay MP suggested that Graham's comments may have contravened British laws on hate speech. As of February 2018, a petition against Graham being granted a visa had gathered more than 7,500 signatures. The pastor of Liberty Church in Blackpool, who organised the petition, said: "As a Christian and as a leader of a church that particularly welcomes LGBT people, I'm horrified that other local churches are inviting someone with this record of hate speech." The pastor said that Graham's visit had triggered an "enormous amount of protest from Christians in the north-west" of England, and his presence would be "extremely destructive in the area".[48]

Published works References
  1. ^ Gibson, David (December 22, 2015). "Evangelist Franklin Graham quits the Republican Party over Planned Parenthood funding". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 24, 2018. 
  2. ^ "Franklin Graham". Franklin Graham Biography. Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. Archived from the original on May 17, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Franklin Graham". Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. Retrieved 2017-10-28. 
  4. ^ a b "Franklin Graham biography". 
  5. ^ "The prodigal son comes home". Retrieved 2017-07-11. 
  6. ^ "Franklin Graham – Early Years". Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Profile, Franklin Graham". Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. Charlotte, North Carolina. Retrieved June 15, 2015. Education: Montreat College (A.S.), 1974, Appalachian State University (B.A.), 1978 -- Ordained: Grace Community Church, Tempe, Arizona, 1982 -- Ministries: President and CEO, Samaritan's Purse (international relief organization), President and CEO, Billy Graham Evangelistic Association 
  8. ^ "Sign In" (members only). Appalachian Alumni Association, Appalachian State University. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  9. ^ "Distinguished Alumni Award Recipients". Alumni Association, Appalachian State University. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  10. ^ "Our Story | Grace Community Church | AZ". Archived from the original on September 15, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Billy Graham's son takes the pulpit, his own way". USA Today. March 7, 2006. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  12. ^ Hong Kong Franklin Graham Festival
  13. ^ "Presidential Inaugural Prayers and Sermons of Billy and Franklin Graham". Billy Graham Center Archives. Wheaton College. 2005. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  14. ^ Samaritan's Purse, IRS Form 990 for 2010. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  15. ^ Funk, Tim and Alexander, Ames. (8 August 2015). "Franklin Graham takes pay he once gave up". Charlotte Observer. (Charlotte, NC). Charlotte Observer website
  16. ^ McClatchy-Tribune News Service. Funk, Tim and Alexander, Ames, contributors. (7 October 2009). "Franklin Graham moves to address concerns about his $1.2 million pay packages" The Plain Dealer. (Cleveland, OH)
  17. ^ Wicker, Christine. (18 August 2015). "Why Franklin Graham's salary raises eyebrows among Christian nonprofits" Washington Post. (Washington). Washington Post website
  18. ^ Funk and Alexander, 2015
  19. ^ Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability. Retrieved 21 January 2016. ECFA website
  20. ^ "Evangelist's views on Islam draw critics in Winnipeg". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 22, 2006. Archived from the original on March 12, 2009. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Muslims at Pentagon Incensed Over Invitation to Evangelist". Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b CNN: Graham disinvited from prayer event over Islam comments. April 23, 2010. Archived March 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ "No-name radicals vs. 'South Park' just a distraction –". CNN. April 26, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Pentagon's Preacher Irks Muslims". CBS News. April 16, 2003. 
  25. ^ "Franklin Graham conducts services at Pentagon". CNN. April 18, 2003. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  26. ^ Montopoli, Brian (August 19, 1010). "Does America Hate Islam?". CNN. Retrieved August 20, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Graham: Obama born a Muslim, now a Christian". CNN. August 19, 1010. Retrieved August 19, 2010. 
  28. ^ "The Rev. Franklin Graham Says President Obama was 'Born a Muslim'". ABC News. August 20, 2010. Retrieved March 19, 2011. 
  29. ^ Corn, David (March 22, 2011) Franklin Graham's New Obama-Muslim Conspiracy Theory, Mother Jones
  30. ^ Graham, Franklin (March 3, 2009). ""Put Peace Before Justice," The New York Times, 2 March 2009". The New York Times. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  31. ^ "People for the American Way, "Right Wing Watch," 8 April 2009". Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Rev. Franklin Graham says churches and synagogues are forbidden in most Muslim countries". PolitiFact. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  33. ^ "Franklin Graham: Japan Quake, Tsunami Feels Like End Times". Newsmax. March 18, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2011. 
  34. ^ "US religious figure backs Donald Trump White House bid". The Daily Telegraph. London. April 22, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Obama Seen as Son of Islam". New York: MSNBC. February 21, 2012. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Faith Leaders Speak Out on Rev. Franklin Graham". NAACP. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Franklin Graham Response to NAACP Faith Leaders". NAACP. February 28, 2012. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  38. ^ Franklin Graham backing N.C. marriage amendment. Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. April 28, 2012.
  39. ^ Billy Graham Evangelistic Organization: Franklin Graham Response to the President's Support of Same-Sex Marriage. May 10, 2012.
  40. ^ Putin's Olympic Controversy: February 28, 2014
  41. ^ "Franklin Graham wants Obama to step in on Prayer Day slight" USA Today, May 5, 2010.
  42. ^ "CBS This Morning Blames Cancellation of Muslim Prayer Event at Duke on Franklin Graham" Media Research Center, January 15, 2015.
  43. ^
  44. ^ a b Bever, Lindsey (10 November 2016). "Franklin Graham: The media didn't understand the 'God-factor' in Trump's win". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  45. ^ Funk, Tim (20 January 2017). "In prayer, Franklin Graham sees rain at inauguration as good omen for Trump". The Charlotte Observer. Charlotte, North Carolina. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  46. ^ Porter, Kevin (2017-01-12). "Franklin Graham Goes Vegan to Drop Weight in New Year". The Christian Post. Archived from the original on 2017-02-07. Retrieved 2017-07-04. As a New Year's resolution to lose weight, has temporarily given up meats and dairy and converted to a vegan diet..... he was adopting a vegan diet for six months. 
  47. ^ Ong, Czarina (2016-12-31). "Franklin Graham Shares 'Drastic' New Year's Resolution: To Go on a Vegan Diet". Christianity Today. Archived from the original on 2017-01-13. Retrieved 2017-07-04. Therefore, beginning January 1, I'm going to try something drastic -- I'm going on a vegan diet 
  48. ^ Sherwood, Harriet (2017-12-07). "US evangelical preacher should be banned from entering UK, critics say". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-02-17. 
External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Franklin Graham. Religious titles Preceded by
Robert Pierce President of Samaritan's Purse
1979–present Incumbent Preceded by
Billy Graham President of Billy Graham Evangelistic Association
2001–present Incumbent Authority control

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