Handbags
Handbags


Handbag
main zipper. A distinction can also be made between soft-body handbags or frame handbags, where a metal frame supports the textile or leather of the bag

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This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (September 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Queen Elizabeth II, holding her handbag Model at New York Fashion Week showing a Louis Vuitton handbag.

A handbag, also called purse in North American English, is a handled medium-to-large bag used to carry personal items.

Contents "Purse" or "handbag" or "pouch"

The term "purse" originally referred to a small bag for holding coins. In British English, it is still used to refer a small coin bag. A "handbag" is a larger accessory that holds objects beyond currency, such as personal items. American English typically uses the terms purse and handbag interchangeably. The term handbag began appearing in the early 1900s. Initially, it was most often used to refer men's hand-luggage. Women's bags grew larger and more complex during this period, and the term was attached to the accessory.[1]

Coinage as a verb

The verb "to handbag"[2] was inspired in the 1980s by UK prime minister Margaret Thatcher having “weaponised” the handbag in the opinion of British biographer and historian David Cannadine.[3] As “her most visible symbol of her power to command” the bag became an emphatic prop that she produced at meetings to show she meant business. She would invariably bring out of the bag a crucial document from which she would quote, her speech notes often being cut to size to fit inside. Because Thatcher was Britain’s first female prime minister, former Daily Telegraph editor Charles Moore wrote in his authorised biography of 2013, “her handbag became the sceptre of her rule”.[4]

The verb's more general meaning of "treating ruthlessly" came to symbolise Thatcher's whole style of government. Victims of her handbaggings, from political leaders to journalists, have testified[5] to what the German chancellor Helmut Kohl perceived as her “ice-cold pursuit of her interests”. US secretary of state James Baker recalled her standby ploy: “When negotiations stall, get out the handbag! The solution is always there.”

Julian Critchley, one of her biggest Tory backbench critics, once said, "Margaret Thatcher and her handbag is the same as Winston Churchill and his cigar."[6] Thatcher's bag was almost as newsworthy an item as she was herself and on the day she died, one of her handbag-makers saw a sharp rise in sales of her favourite structured design. The original bag Thatcher asserts on a signed card was the one “used every day in my time at Downing Street”[3] is archived at Churchill College, Cambridge. Made of dark blue leather “in mock-croc style”, it was a gift from friends on her birthday in 1984.

Modern origin Women's fashion from 1830, including a reticule handbag from France.[7]

Early modern Europeans wore purses for one sole purpose: to carry coins. Purses were made of soft fabric or leather and were worn by men as often as ladies; the Scottish sporran is a survival of this custom. In the 17th century, young girls were taught embroidery as a necessary skill for marriage; this also helped them make very beautiful handbags.[8] By the late 18th century, fashions in Europe were moving towards a slender shape for these accessories, inspired by the silhouettes of Ancient Greece and Rome. Women wanted purses that would not be bulky or untidy in appearance, so reticules were designed. Reticules were made of fine fabrics like silk and velvet, carried with wrist straps. First becoming popular in France, they crossed over into Britain, where they became known as "indispensables."[9] Men, however, did not adopt the trend. They used purses and pockets, which became popular in men's trousers.[10]

The modern purse, clutch, pouch or handbag came about in England during the Industrial Revolution, in part due to the increase in travel by railway. In 1841 the Doncaster industrialist and confectionery entrepreneur Samuel Parkinson (of butterscotch fame) ordered a set of travelling cases and trunks and insisted on a travelling case or bag for his wife's particulars after noticing that her purse was too small and made from material that would not withstand the journey. He stipulated that he wanted various handbags for his wife, varying in size for different occasions and asked that they be made from the same leather that was being used for his cases and trunks to distinguish them from the then-familiar carpetbag and other travellers' cloth bags used by members of the popular classes. H. J. Cave (London) obliged and produced the first modern set of luxury handbags, as we would recognize them today, including a clutch and a tote (named as 'ladies travelling case'). These are now on display in the Museum of Bags and Purses in Amsterdam.[citation needed] H. J. Cave did continue to sell and advertise the handbags, but many critics said that women did not need them and that bags of such size and heavy material would 'break the backs of ladies.' H. J. Cave ceased to promote the bags after 1865, concentrating on trunks instead, although they continued to make the odd handbag for royalty, celebrities or to celebrate special occasions, the Queen's 2012 Diamond Jubilee being the most recent. However, H.J. Cave resumed handbag production in 2010.[11]

20th century This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2011)

During the 1940s, the rationing of textiles for World War II led to the manufacturing of handbags made in materials like raffia[12] or crocheted from yarn. Some women crocheted their own small handbags from commercial patterns during this period.

Men's bags A casual men's messenger bag.

The oldest known purse dates back more than 5000 years, and was a pouch worn by a man, Ötzi the Iceman.[13] Men once carried coin purses. In early Modern Europe, when women's fashions moved in the direction of using small ornamental purses—which evolved into handbags—men's fashions were moving in another direction. Men's trousers replaced men's breeches during the course of the 18th and 19th centuries, and pockets were incorporated in the loose, heavy material. This enabled men to continue carrying coins, and then paper currency, in small leather wallets. Men's pockets were plentiful in 19th century and 20th century trousers and coats, to carry an ever-increasing number of possessions, such as pipes, matches, pocketknives, and so on, and they were an item frequently mended by their wives.[10] Women, on the other hand, have shown a strong demand for larger handbags that carry more items for everyday use.

Men's purses were revived by designers in the 1970s in Europe.[14] Since the 1990s, designers have marketed a more diverse range of accessory bags for men. The names man bag, man-purse and murse have been used. The designs are typically variations on backpacks or messenger bags, and have either a masculine or a more unisex appearance, although they are often more streamlined than a backpack and less bulky than a briefcase. These bags are often called messenger bags or organizer bags. The leather satchel is also common. Demand is strong after several years of popularity, possibly supported by the growing range of modern electronic devices men carry with them. Men's designer bags are produced by well-known companies such as Prada, Louis Vuitton, Coach, and Bottega Veneta in a variety of shapes and sizes. The global men's bag and small leather goods trade is a $4-billion-a-year industry.[15] Sales of men's accessories including "holdall" bags are increasing in North America.[16]

Types An 1875 Chatelaine bag, with a buckram frame and velvet body. It would have been "hooked" into the waist of the skirt. Crocodile skin handbags in a conservation exhibit at Bristol Zoo, England

As a fashion accessory, handbags can be categorized according to the silhouette of the bag, as well as the type of handle. The current popular handbag silhouettes are (as of 2011):

Gallery of popular handbag silhouettes

According to type of handle, handbags are often categorized as:

Handbags that are designed for specific utilitarian needs include:

Hardware 1860 Woman's handbag with frame and kissing lock (LACMA).

A distinction can also be made between soft-body handbags or frame handbags, where a metal frame supports the textile or leather of the bag. Frame bags often use a kissing lock closure, with two interlocking metal beads set on the top of the frame. Kissing locks were popular on handbags during the early- to mid-20th century, and remain popular with vintage collectors and in "retro" designs. These locks are still seen on smaller change purses.

French handbags

Parisians have a reputation for elegance. Even when they are dressed casually, women have a distinctive touch that is unique. One of the French attributes of elegance is the handbag women carry in all circumstances. As most women buy at least a handbag each year, a number of typically French handbag designers are competing fiercely to provide the best quality and stay at the top of what is fashionable in Paris and the other regions of France. A few of them, sometimes very old, are world famous thanks to a mix of perfect design, manual assembly of quality materials such as leather and efficient marketing. Louis Vuitton is synonym worldwide for exclusive and quality French handbags. Gerard Darel and Longchamp (Le Pliage handbag) are two other famous French handbag brands. Lesser known outside of France, La Petite Mendigote, Nat et Ninn, Jerome Dreyfuss are quality and fashionable French brands of handbags.[17]


Diamanté clasps were in use by the 1930s.[12] In later decades, designers found popular success with zipper enclosures, flaps, and even magnetic clasps hidden in the fabric of handbags.

History worldwide

The need to organize one's belongings is universal, thus handbags exist in differing forms in cultures around the world. People have been quite clever in thinking of ways to use the materials at hand to create their bags; this section shows many different examples of handbags.

Gallery of traditional handbag types Gallery of contemporary handbag types See also References
  1. ^ Browning, Marie (2006). Purse Pizzazz. Sterling Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-4027-4065-7. 
  2. ^ http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/handbag
  3. ^ a b Cannadine, David. "Prime Ministers' Props, Series 2, Margaret Thatcher's Handbag". BBC Radio 4, 2018-08-29. Retrieved 2018-08-29. 
  4. ^ Charles Moore (2013). Margaret Thatcher: The Authorized Biography, Volume One: Not For Turning. Allen Lane: London. ISBN 978-0-7139-9288-5.
  5. ^ "I was handbagged by Mrs Thatcher". BBC News. Ollie Stone-Lee, 9 April 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  6. ^ Alexander, Hilary (12 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher: style, Aquascutum and the original power dresser". Daily Telegraph. 
  7. ^ "Los Angeles County Museum of Art". Collectionsonline.lacma.org. 
  8. ^ Timmons, Henrietta. "History of Handbags- From the 14th Century to Present Day Handbag Designers". Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  9. ^ Hagerty, Barbara G. S. (2002). Handbags: a peek inside a woman's most trusted accessory. Running Press Book Publishers. pp. 14–5. ISBN 0-7624-1330-1. 
  10. ^ a b Burman, Barbara and Carole Turbin, eds. (2003). Material Strategies: Dress and Gender in Historical Perspective. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 83–4. ISBN 978-1-4051-0906-2. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Stockley, Philippa (2 September 2012). "Yes, the contents mean a lot, but it's the bag that matters most". The Independent. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  12. ^ a b Pederson, Stephanie (2006). Handbags: What Every Woman Should Know. David & Charles. p. 8. ISBN 9780715324950. 
  13. ^ Gerval, Olivier (2009). Studies in Fashion: Fashion Accessories. A & C Black. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-4081-1058-4. 
  14. ^ Sarti, Giorgio (2006). Vespa: 1946-2006: 60 Years of the Vespa. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-7603-2577-3. 
  15. ^ Standard & Poor's (2011). Standard & Poor's 500 Guide. "Coach Inc.": McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-175491-0. 
  16. ^ Clifford, Stephanie (19 February 2012). "Men Step Out of the Recession, Bag on Hip, Bracelet on Wrist". The New York Times. 
  17. ^ "French handbag brands". Paris Digest. 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-05. 
Further reading Bags and flexible containersCarried Worn Luggage Postal Containers Purses/handbags Other ClothingHeadwear Neckwear Tops Trousers Suits and
Uniforms Dresses
and Gowns Skirts Underwear
(lingerie)Top Bottom Full Coats
and
OuterwearOvercoats Suit coats Other Workwear Nightwear Swimwear Footwear Accessories Dress codesWestern dress codes Related


 
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