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Andrei Rublev
Andrei Rublev (Russian: Андре́й Рублёв, IPA: [ɐnˈdrʲej rʊˈblʲɵf], also transliterated as Andrey Rublyov); Born in the 1360s, he died between 1427-1430

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For the 1966 Russian film, see The Passion According to Andrei. For the 1969 Russian film, see Andrei Rublev (film). For Russian tennis player, see Andrey Rublev (tennis). St. Andrei Rublevanniversary stamp in 1961Venerable Father (Prepodobne)Born1360–1370Diedbetween 1427-1430
Andronikov Monastery, MoscowVenerated inEastern Orthodox Church
Anglican CommunionCanonized6 June 1988, Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra by 1988 Local Council of the Russian Orthodox ChurchFeast29 January, 4 JulyAttributesClothed as an Orthodox monk, often shown holding an icon Rublev's famous icon of the Trinity.

Andrei Rublev (Russian: Андре́й Рублёв, IPA: , also transliterated as Andrey Rublyov);[1] Born in the 1360s, he died between 1427-1430[2] in Moscow and is considered to be one of the greatest medieval Russian painters of Orthodox icons and frescos.

Contents Early life

Little information survives about his life; even where he was born is unknown. He probably lived in the Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra, near Moscow, under Nikon of Radonezh, who became hegumen after the death of Sergii Radonezhsky in 1392. The first mention of Rublev is in 1405, when he decorated icons and frescos for the Cathedral of the Annunciation of the Moscow Kremlin, in company with Theophanes the Greek and Prokhor of Gorodets. His name was the last of the list of masters, as the junior both by rank and by age. Theophanes was an important Byzantine master, who moved to Russia and is considered to have trained Rublev.

Career

Chronicles tell us that together with Daniil Cherni he painted the Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir in 1408 as well as the Trinity Cathedral in the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius between 1425 and 1427. After Daniil's death, Andrei came to Moscow's Andronikov Monastery where he painted his last work, the frescoes of the Saviour Cathedral. He is also believed to have painted at least one of the miniatures in the Khitrovo Gospels.

The only work authenticated as entirely his is the icon of the Trinity (c. 1410, currently in the Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow). It is based on an earlier icon known as the "Hospitality of Abraham" (illustrating Genesis 18). Rublev removed the figures of Abraham and Sarah from the scene, and through a subtle use of composition and symbolism changed the subject to focus on the Mystery of the Trinity.

In Rublev's art two traditions are combined: the highest asceticism and the classic harmony of Byzantine mannerism. The characters of his paintings are always peaceful and calm. After some time his art came to be perceived as the ideal of Eastern Church painting and of Orthodox iconography.

Death and legacy

Rublev died at Andronikov Monastery between 1427-1430. Rublev's work influenced many artists including Dionisy. The Stoglavi Sobor (1551) promulgated Rublev's icon style as a model for church painting. Since 1959 the Andrei Rublev Museum at the Andronikov Monastery has displayed his and related art.

The Russian Orthodox Church canonized Rublev as a saint in 1988, celebrating his feast day on 29 January[3] and/or on 4 July.[3][4][5] The liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America remembers Rublev on January 29.

In 1966, Andrei Tarkovsky made a film Andrei Rublev, loosely based on the artist's life. This became the first (and perhaps only) film produced in the Soviet era to treat the artist as a world-historic figure and Christianity as an axiom of Russia’s historical identity,[6] during a turbulent period in the history of Russia.

Selected works References
  1. ^ The Getty Union Artist Name List prefers "Rublyov", but "Rublev" is more commonly found.
  2. ^ "Venerable Andrew Rublev the Iconographer", Orthodox Church in America
  3. ^ a b "Saint Herman Calendar 2006". Platina CA: Saint Herman of Alaska Brotherhood. 2006: 12, 56..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  4. ^ Church Calendar Archived 2006-07-21 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  5. ^ "Moscow Patriarchate Glorifies Saints", Orthodox America, IX (82), August 1988, archived from the original on 2008-07-05, retrieved 2008-03-16
  6. ^ Hoberman, Jim. "Andrei Rublev". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
Sources External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Andrej Rublëv. Authority control


 
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