Southern White House
Southern White House

List of residences of Presidents of the United States
Richard Nixon's Florida White House was the first that reporters called the "Winter White House". The Western/Southern White House is a term applied to

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This article is about the residences of the presidents of the United States. For for their places of primary affiliation, see List of Presidents of the United States by home state.

Official residences (such as, the White House, Camp David, or the former President's House in Philadelphia) are not the only residences of Presidents of the United States. Listed below are the private residences of the various Presidents of the United States.

Contents Private homes of the Presidents George Washington's Mount Vernon plantation house Thomas Jefferson's estate of Monticello; appears on the back of the U.S. nickel The Kennedy Compound on Cape Cod, Massachusetts Richard Nixon's La Casa Pacifica home George H. W. Bush's Walker's Point Kennebunkport, Maine Trump Tower in New York City Mar-a-Lago in Palm Beach, Florida

This is a list of homes where Presidents resided with their families before or after their term of office.

Order President Location 1 George Washington Mount Vernon, Mount Vernon, Virginia 2 John Adams Peacefield, Quincy, Massachusetts 3 Thomas Jefferson Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia 4 James Madison Montpelier, Orange, Virginia 5 James Monroe Ash Lawn-Highland, Charlottesville, Virginia
Oak Hill, Leesburg, Virginia 6 John Quincy Adams Peacefield, Quincy, Massachusetts 7 Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson State Park (Disputed Lancaster, South Carolina birthplace)

Andrew Jackson Birthplace (Disputed Waxhaw, North Carolina birthplace)

The Hermitage, Nashville, Tennessee

8 Martin Van Buren Lindenwald, Kinderhook, New York 9 William Henry Harrison Berkeley Plantation, Charles City County, Virginia
Grouseland, Vincennes, Indiana 10 John Tyler Sherwood Forest Plantation, Charles City County, Virginia 11 James K. Polk Ancestral Home, Columbia, Tennessee
Historic Site, Pineville, North Carolina
Polk Place, Nashville, Tennessee (demolished) 12 Zachary Taylor Springfield Plantation, Louisville, Kentucky 13 Millard Fillmore Fillmore House, East Aurora, New York 14 Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce Homestead, Hillsborough, New Hampshire
Pierce Manse, Concord, New Hampshire 15 James Buchanan Wheatland, Lancaster, Pennsylvania 16 Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Home, Springfield, Illinois 17 Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson Birthplace, Raleigh, North Carolina

Andrew Johnson Home, Greeneville, Tennessee

18 Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S. Grant Home, Galena, Illinois
Grant's Farm, St. Louis, Missouri 19 Rutherford B. Hayes Spiegel Grove, Fremont, Ohio 20 James A. Garfield Lawnfield, Mentor, Ohio 21 Chester A. Arthur Chester A. Arthur Home, New York, New York 22/24 Grover Cleveland Westland Mansion, Princeton, New Jersey 23 Benjamin Harrison Benjamin Harrison Home, Indianapolis, Indiana 25 William McKinley William McKinley Home, Canton, Ohio 26 Theodore Roosevelt Sagamore Hill, Cove Neck, New York 27 William Howard Taft William Howard Taft National Historic Site, Cincinnati, Ohio 28 Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson House, Washington, D.C.
Woodrow Wilson Birthplace, Staunton, Virginia
Woodrow Wilson Boyhood Home, Augusta, Georgia
29 Warren G. Harding Warren G. Harding House, Marion, Ohio 30 Calvin Coolidge The Beeches, Northampton, Massachusetts
Calvin Coolidge House, Northampton, Massachusetts
Coolidge Homestead, Plymouth Notch, Vermont 31 Herbert Hoover Forest Hills, Washington, D.C.
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site, West Branch, Iowa
Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House, Stanford, California 32 Franklin D. Roosevelt Springwood, Hyde Park, New York
Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia 33 Harry S. Truman Truman Home, Independence, Missouri
Kansas City, Missouri 34 Dwight D. Eisenhower Abilene, Kansas
New York City, New York
Eisenhower Farm, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 35 John F. Kennedy Boston, Massachusetts
Kennedy Compound, Hyannis, Massachusetts 36 Lyndon B. Johnson LBJ Ranch, Stonewall, Texas
Washington, D.C. 37 Richard M. Nixon Whittier, California
Washington, D.C.
New York City, New York
La Casa Pacifica, San Clemente, California
Saddle River, New Jersey
Park Ridge, New Jersey 38 Gerald R. Ford Grand Rapids, Michigan
Vail, Colorado
Rancho Mirage, California 39 Jimmy Carter Plains, Georgia 40 Ronald Reagan Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, California
Bel Air, Los Angeles, California
Rancho del Cielo, Santa Barbara, California 41 George H. W. Bush Tanglewood Houston, Texas
Walker's Point, Kennebunkport, Maine 42 Bill Clinton Little Rock, Arkansas
Chappaqua, New York[1]
Georgetown, Washington D.C.[2][3] 43 George W. Bush Midland, Texas
Austin, Texas
Prairie Chapel Ranch, Crawford, Texas
Preston Hollow, Dallas, Texas 44 Barack Obama Kenwood, Chicago, Illinois
Kalorama, Washington, D.C. 45 Donald Trump Trump Tower, Manhattan, New York City, New York
Mar-a-Lago, Palm Beach, Florida
Others, see Residences of Donald Trump Presidential vacation homes

During their term of office, many Presidents have owned or leased vacation homes in various parts of the country, which are often called by journalists the "Western White House", "Summer White House", or "Winter White House", depending on location or season.

Summer White House

A "Summer White House" is typically the name given to the summer vacation residence of the sitting President of the United States aside from Camp David, the mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, used as a country retreat and for high-alert protection of Presidents and their guests.

Years President Property Name Location 1789–1797 George Washington Mount Vernon Alexandria, Virginia 1793–1794 George Washington Deshler-Morris House Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1805–1808 Thomas Jefferson Poplar Forest Forest, Virginia 1853–1857 Franklin Pierce 48 Central Street[4] Andover, Massachusetts[5] 1857–1860 James Buchanan Bedford Springs Hotel Bedford, Pennsylvania 1862–1864 Abraham Lincoln Cottage at the Soldiers' Home Washington, D.C. 1869–1876 Ulysses S. Grant 995 Ocean Avenue[6] Long Branch, New Jersey 1877–1881 Rutherford B. Hayes Spiegel Grove Fremont, Ohio 1886–1888 Grover Cleveland Oak View Upon Red Top[7] Washington, D.C. 1887–1888 Grover Cleveland Wateridge Marion, Massachusetts 1889–1892 Benjamin Harrison Congress Hall Cape May, New Jersey 1893–1896 Grover Cleveland Gray Gables Bourne, Massachusetts 1893–1896 Grover Cleveland Woodley[7] Washington, D.C. 1897, 1899 William McKinley Hotel Champlain Plattsburgh, New York 1901–1908 Theodore Roosevelt Sagamore Hill Cove Neck, New York 1909–1910 William Howard Taft Stetson Cottage Beverly, Massachusetts 1911–1912 William Howard Taft Parramatta Beverly, Massachusetts 1913–1915 Woodrow Wilson Harlakenden Cornish, New Hampshire 1916 Woodrow Wilson Shadow Lawn West Long Branch, New Jersey 1924 Calvin Coolidge Coolidge Homestead Plymouth Notch, Vermont 1925 Calvin Coolidge White Court Swampscott, Massachusetts 1926 Calvin Coolidge White Pine Camp Paul Smiths, New York 1927 Calvin Coolidge Custer State Park Custer County, South Dakota (Black Hills) 1928 Calvin Coolidge Cedar Island Lodge Brule, Wisconsin 1929–1932 Herbert Hoover Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House Palo Alto, California 1933–1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada 1933–1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt Little White House Warm Springs, Georgia 1933–1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt Springwood Hyde Park, New York 1945–1951 Harry S. Truman Little White House Key West, Florida 1953–1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower Lowry Air Force Base Denver, Colorado 1956–1960 Dwight D. Eisenhower Commandant's Residence, Fort Adams Newport, Rhode Island 1961–1963 John F. Kennedy Hammersmith Farm Newport, Rhode Island 1961–1963 John F. Kennedy Kennedy Compound Hyannis Port, Massachusetts 1964–1968 Lyndon B. Johnson LBJ Ranch Gillespie County, Texas 1969–1974 Richard Nixon Florida White House Key Biscayne, Florida 1969–1974 Richard Nixon La Casa Pacifica San Clemente, California 1974–1977 Gerald Ford The Lodge Vail, Colorado 1974–1977 Gerald Ford Firestone Residence Palm Springs, California 1977–1980 Jimmy Carter Carter Compound Plains, Georgia 1981–1988 Ronald Reagan Rancho del Cielo Santa Barbara, California 1989–1992 George H. W. Bush Walker's Point Kennebunkport, Maine 1993–2000 Bill Clinton Blue Heron Farm[8] Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts 1998–1999 Bill Clinton Georgica Pond East Hampton, New York 2001–2008 George W. Bush Prairie Chapel Ranch Crawford, Texas 2009–2012 Barack Obama Blue Heron Farm Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts 2013 Barack Obama Chilmark House[9] Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts 2017–present Donald Trump Trump National Golf Club Bedminster, New Jersey Winter White House

A "Winter White House" is typically the name given to the winter vacation residence of the standing President of the United States aside from Camp David, the mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, used as a country retreat and for high-alert protection of the President and his guests.

Although Harry Truman and John F. Kennedy had spent significant time in Florida (Harry Truman having spent time there in the summer), Richard Nixon's Florida White House was the first that reporters called the "Winter White House".[10]

Years President Property Name Location 1913–1914 Woodrow Wilson Pass Christian, Mississippi 1921-19231 Warren G. Harding John Ringling Estate Bird Key, Florida 1923–1929 Calvin Coolidge Howard E. Coffin Estate Sapelo Island, Georgia 1933–1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt Little White House Warm Springs, Georgia 1945–1953 Harry S. Truman Harry S. Truman Little White House[10] Key West, Florida 1953–1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower Cabin, Augusta National Golf Club Augusta, Georgia 1961–1963 John F. Kennedy La Guerida Palm Beach, Florida 1969–1974 Richard Nixon Florida White House Key Biscayne, Florida 2009–2017 Barack Obama Plantation Estate[11] Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii 2017–present Donald Trump Mar-a-Lago[10] Palm Beach, Florida Western/Southern White House President George W. Bush gives remarks on Hurricane Katrina and the Iraqi constitution from his Crawford, Texas ranch on Sunday August 28, 2005. The logo in the background was created by the Bush Administration in August 2001, and it was displayed at press briefings during Bush's stays at his ranch in Crawford. The sign reads:

The Western/Southern White House is a term applied to additional residences of the President of the United States. It was used for the Crawford, Texas ranch of George W. Bush, known as Prairie Chapel Ranch, and the term has also been used by other chief executives for their homes, including Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard M. Nixon and Ronald Reagan.[12][13][14]

Other secondary "White Houses"

The first governmental spending on property improvements of private presidential residences was at Dwight Eisenhower's Gettysburg farm, where the Secret Service added three guard posts to a fence.[15] Federal law now allows the president to designate a residence outside of the White House as his temporary offices,[16] so that federal money can be used to provide required facilities.[17]

1.^ Harding died before he could vacation in Bird Key.
  1. ^ The Clintons did not own a separate residence while in the White House and, before that, the Arkansas Governor's Mansion.
  2. ^ Dorothy Howell Rodham lived there from 2006 until her death in 2011.
  3. ^ Danny Hakim (October 11, 2006). "New Resident at Clinton Home, And She Has a Familiar Name". The New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ ""Summer White House" of President Franklin Pierce - place with historical importance". 
  6. ^ Null, Druscilla J. (1984). "Ulysses S. Grant Cottage, 995 Ocean Avenue, Long Branch, Monmouth County, NJ" (PDF). Historic American Buildings Survey HABS NJ-884. 
  7. ^ a b "Frances Cleveland Biography :: National First Ladies' Library". 
  8. ^ Morgan Brennan. "Blue Heron Farm, Chilmark, MA - In Photos: Inside President Obama's Martha's Vineyard Vacation Home". Forbes. 
  9. ^ "Martha's Vineyard once enjoyed by the Obamas is for sale". 
  10. ^ a b c Caputo, Marc. "Trump dubs Mar-a-Lago the new 'Winter White House'". Politico. 
  11. ^ Rachel Ross (January 18, 2017). "Want to Live Like the President? Barack Obama's Winter White House is Up for Rent". Honolulu Magazine. Retrieved April 25, 2017. 
  12. ^ Nixon's Western White House for sale - Orange County Register
  13. ^ Reagan Ranch
  14. ^ "Texas Research Trip" (Website). The Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies. Retrieved 2006-08-09. 
  15. ^ Damon, Allan L. (June 1974). "Presidential Expenses". Volume 25, Issue 4. American Heritage Magazine. 
  16. ^ 31 C.F.R. 408.2(c)
  17. ^ "Around the Nation; Reagan designates ranch a 'Western White House'". The New York Times (Associate Press). 1981-02-05. 
External links Lists related to the Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States Presidents Professional
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